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A. Vocational 

2, Industrial and Commercial 


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II A 2 

Lietuva, Oct. 27, 1916. 


An attempt was made to cause the same kind of trouble for the bank of 
A. Olszewski as was experienced by the bank of J. Tananevicius. Three 
depositors of the A. Olszewski Bank instituted a suit against the bank, 
despite the fact that it is being reorganized into a state bank* 

However, the three depositors did not succeed in their efforts. On learn- ^ 

iUi- that the bank is being reorganized into a state bank, Judge Landis -^ 

withheld action in the suit and gave Mr. Olszewski until October 30 to com- o 

plete the reorganization of his bank* i^ 

The nev. name of the bank will be shorter than was stated in the last issue ^ 

of Lietu va (Lithuania). The bank will now be known as the Reserve State 



Lietuva, Oct. 27, 1916 • 

The officials of Mr. Olszewski's bank have assured us that it definitely 
will become a state bank, and that in a few days all the v,;ork necessary 
for its establishment as a state bank will be completed. They alco report 
that a license for the nev^ bank has already been received from the state 

^Translator's note: A full page advertisement, offering shares of the new ^ 

Reserve State Bank at $112.50 per share, appears in this issue of Lietuva. -id 

It is stated that the bank will have a basic capital of $200, 000, and a o 

surplus of $25,000/7 ^ 


II A 2 Lr.LlIU .^ lI^ 


Lietuva, Oct. 20, 1916, 

B.v:iv OF ol3j:73KIo Io to 

The bank of .-inthony Olsevskis (Clszev;ski) , the oldest and largest Lithuanian ^ 

bank in Ghj^ca^g-o, is more successful cind prosperous than the bank of his . g 

neighbor /John Tananevicius/. Clsev.:"'is* bank v;ill soon become a state -ri 

bank. Accordin.;^: to reliable iufonnation, all the necessary preparations p 

have been completed; the requisite r . ers have been sent to ^iprin^field, ^ 

Illinois, where perr.iits for state banrcs are issued. o 

.^hen the present bank of Olsevskis becomes a state bank, it will be knovm ^ 
as the Jtate ?.eserve Bank of Illinois, t?J 

translator's note: The bank of Olsevskis v/as located in the Lietuva Building, 
v;here the nev;sT)aper Lietuva (Lithuania) v/as -our; li sh 3 1, at o:^:5<i Jouth Ilalsted 



Lietuva, Oct. 20, 1916. 


The bank of John Tananevicius v;as closed last Tuesday. Judge Landis ordered the 
bank closed, and appointed the Central Trust Company as receivers. The bank's 
security was threatened about two weeks ago, when some enemies of Mr. Tananevicius 
distributed xmfavorable leaflets in the neighborhood as an act of revenge. A 
run on the bank that followed brought about its closing. 

Formerly, the iinglish language press advertised that the assets of the bank are 
greater than the deposits. How the press writes that the assets are less than the 
deposits. ;:3ome now say that when the assets (buildings and lots) of the bank are 
converted into cash, the depositors will be paid in full or nearly in full. How- 
ever, some spealc differently. The exact standing and true picture of the bank will 
be revealed later by the receivers. 

translator's note: The bank of John Tananevicius v/as located in the Katalikas 
building, where the nevjspaper Katalikas (The Catholic) was published, at 33rd and 
Morgan Streets/. 

II A 2 


Lietuva, Sept. 15, 1916. 


Another Lithuanian drugstore has been recently opened at 3203 South Halsted 
Street. The proprietor of this establishment is Mr. Kartanas, who recently 
passed a state examination and became a registered pharmacist. 

This indicates that our people are making rapid progress in the drugstore 
business. Mr. A. Jonaitis, who has just arrived in iUaerica from Europe, has 
obtained a position at the pharmacy of llr. Gecas^ Lithuania^, 3159 South 
Kedzie Avenue. Mr. Jonaitis v;as a pharmacist in Lithuania. He plans to open 
a drugstore of his own after he becomes better acquainted viith America. 

V.' S 


II A 3 d (1) 

Lietuva, Nov, 12, 1915 • 


A newly invented musical instrument, knov/n as a '♦piano orchestra," v/as in- 
stalled in the Lithuania Theater, 3214 South Halsted Street, which was 
opened tv/o weeks ago by the Lithuanian Theatrical Company. It is said that 
the instrument, ivhich is operated by one person, does the v/ork of six 
musicians. It vras purchased by the Lithuanian Theatrical Company for 
$2,500« Very few theaters have this instrument, since it was invented 
only about four months ago. 

The Lithuania Theater was opened on Saturday, October 30 and scored a great 

II A 2 


Lietuva> Sept. 10, 1915» 


Miss Toleikis has established a beauty parlor, which will be known as the 
Marinello Beauty Shoppe, in the new Sakalauskas Building on Halsted Street, 
between 31st and 32nd Streets. It is said that this is the first beauty shop 
in the hands of Lithuanians in Chicago. 



3251 S. Halsted St., Chicago ^''' ^^^''' P^0-*-02;6 

(Information Supplied by Alex Ambrose, of ?• L« P» ) 

The Darius-Girenas Savings and Loan association at the beginning was 
organized under the name of the Knights Savings and Loan Association, 
on March 1^ 1915* The association kept that name until 1933« 

The first organizers were Julius Kaupas, John Kazanauskas, and W» 

This association was incorporated for $1,000,000« The assets are 

President John Baltutis; Secretary Adolph Garuckas; Treasurer F. Gudas. 
Directors! F« Bastys, J« Puisis, C* Stulas, V* Stulpinas, J* Zakas, 
A« Overling* 


II B 2 d (1) 

III B 2 Lietuva, Feb. 26, 1915* 

IS ^ 


Mr* P, Kaitis, who operated a general store, steamship agency, printing shop, 
and bank at 1607 North Ashland Avenue, disappeared last Thursday, 

}£t. Kaitis, whose real name is said to be Martinkaitis, published the Social- 
ist Lietuviu Zurnalas (Lithuanian Journal) and the dirty periodical Sake 
(The Prong) , which was recently transferred to New England. He was an in- 
fluential and well-known person among Lithuanian Socialists. His place of 
business was a meeting place and center of the North Side Lithuanian Social 

Many people had money on deposit in the bank of Mr. Kaitis. It is not defi- 
nitely knovni how much money was on deposit in the bank. Some say the total 
is from fifteen to twenty thousand dollars; others contend that the total is 
less than five thousand dollars. It is believed that the people v;ill lose 
all the money they had on deposit at the bank. 

II A 2 - 2 - LI1HUANIAN 

II 3 2 d (1) 

III B 2 Lietuva, Feb. 26, 1915. 

I S 

The affairs of I.!r. Kaitis have now been taken over bv Mr. Galskis, a 
Lithuanian resident of the North Side. He will make an effort to salvage 
some of the money of the depositors. 

Mr. Kaitis was one of the leaders of the Association of Chicago Lithuanian 
Societies, which is in the hands of the Socialists. Last December, during 
the convention of the Association, Tr. Kaitis was elected as a member of 
the ^Supreme Court*^ of the Association. He represented the Chicago Lithua- 
nian societies at the convention in Brooklyn, New York. 


II A 2 
II B 2 e 


Lietuva, Dec. 25, 1914, 

(Adv. ) 

A. Olszevskis' new theater, at 3138-3142 South Halsted Street, near 32nd 
Street, is already completed and will be opened on Christmas Day, December 
25, 1914, at 2:15 p.m., with vaudeville and motion pictures. 


From Christmas Day on, excellent shows vrill be presented here at very low 
prices eveiTy evening. On Saturdays, Sundays, and other holidays there will 
be so-called "matinees" in the afternoons. 

The prices of tickets: Saturday and Sunday evenings the main floor and loges 
will be fifteen cents; the balcony, ten cents. 

On all other evenings, and for the matinees, the main floor seats will be ten 
cents; balcony, five cents. 


II B 2 e 

IV Lietuva, Dec. 25, 1914. 

A Lithuanian name, Milda, has been given to this theater. 

Milda, as you know, is the goddess of love and art in Lithuanian mythology. 
Therefore, this is an appropriate name for a theater. 

The Milda Theater is the most beautiful in the southern part of Chicago. 
Built according to the newest regulations of the Chicago Building Code, it is 
constructed of steel and cement (absolutely fire-proof), with the best sani- 
tary conveniences, ventilation, and a large, fully-equipped stage^ 

It is as beautifully decorated as the large theaters downtown and it cost 
no less than the downtown theaters. 

In this building, besides the theater, there are also two beautiful halls suit- 
able for parties, banquets, dances, and meetings. Beneath the theater there 



II B 2 e 

IV Lietuva, Dec. 25, 1914* 

are large rooms with billiard tables and bowling alleys. There is a Lithuanian 
buffet on the main floor, in front. 

This theater building is seventy-five feet wide and a hundred and thirty-five 
feet long. It takes up almost half a block. It is the biggest, most beautiful, 
and most expensive building in this part of the city. It is most conveniently 
located, and can easily be reached from all parts of the city because the 
Halsted Street cars run every minute. 

It was built by the A. Olszevskis Bank. 

If you wish to pass an hour of your free time gaily, come to the Milda 

Theater and you will not regret having spent five cents for a ticket. Here you 

will see a better show for five cents than you would downtown for fifty cents. 

It will open Christmas Day, December 25, 1914, at 2:15 p.m. 

/o ^ 
^translator's note: An illustration of the building is included in this ^^^^f^ ^pj^ c 

ti sement ./ 

II A g 

II B 2 d (1) 



Ifeiujienos ^ Jxme 5^ 1914« 

Last W9«k in Chioago foiir private banks beoame bankdrupt^ All American 
looal neirspapers published the news about it* Of all the Lithuanian 
papers only jiaujienos published the news* 

LletuTa did not mention these banks because the editor of LietuTS is 
owner of one of them« Katalikas kept silent because its editor was a 
heavy stock holder in one of these banks • About Draugas and its connection 
with the banks we nay get some infoi-mation from Mr« J« J« Elias^ the 
owner of the bank* Ur* J« J. Elias never refuses to give information* 
Two weeks ago he told the Daily Hews reporter t **I*m controlling two 
newspapers** I one of the two newspapers we know is Draugas * This is the 
reason why Draugas never mentioned the banks last week* The editor of 
Dr augas has some connection with these banks* Lietuva, Draugais , and 
"BTtal itas , kept silent about these four private banks that went bankrupt ^ 
causing many people to lose their hard*earned money^ ^ftiich they saved 


- 2 - 


ii ^n. 



Naujienos ^ June 3, 1914* 

for many years for their old age» This deplorable banking situation must 
be remadied as soon as possible in order to prevent other banks from 
bankruptcy* It is necessary to pass strict banking laws in the state of 
Illinois • If the Govemment of the United States does not want to pay a 
pension to the people, at least the government can prevent the banks 
from closing, and save the old people from poverty and the poor«>house* 
The Government of the United States should use every means to protect 
its people from poverty and misez*y in their old age« The government 
oan do at least a little f&vor to its oitisens and protect their life 
savings frcm corrupted bankers who are robbing them* Such conditions 
lower the morale of the people and destroy the spirit of patriotism 
of the nation^ The people lose respect for the government if the govern* 
mant does not protect its own oitisens from those who are esqploiting them« 
Thousands of people lost their savings in these four private banks# The 
newspapers which I mentioned in the foregoing statement knew the con* 
dition of these banks , yet they failed in their duty by not informing 
the people that these banks were insolvent* These newspapers have no honor 
and do not know their civic duties* They know only how to spread scandalous 


• 3 • 


Naujleno8 t June 3^ 1914 • 

reports and lies, maintaining that Naujien oe had a strike in its print- 
ing plant. TOien thousands of people lost t^ir savings in the banks, 
these newspapers kept silent, and before that they kept everyone in 
ignorance about the condition of these banks. Now the editors of these 
newspapers are bluffing the people about Nauj ienos and spreading a false 
alarm. Their conduct is very childish. A man with a mature mind would 
not dare to write such things about the Naujienos . It is pitiful that 
some people grow up physically but not mentally, and therefore, we cannot 
expect much good from them. 


I II A 2 


III C NADJIIENOS. Vol. I, No. 12, 6:?, May 13, 19lU. 


Three Lithxianiane, A« Berzinskis, S* Marc inke vie iu8, and J« Uksae obtained 
permission from the State of Illinois to organize a Lith\ianian bank in To\m of 
Lake. The New City Savings Bank which will be organized will have $200,000 
Capital and $25 #000 surplus, and will be under state supervision. Mr. J.J. 
Eertmanaviclus, who just came back from Lithuania, is taking great interest in 
organizing this Lithuanian state bank. "Eo you think that you will succeed in 
cajrrylng out plans about the bank which you proposed to organize?", a stranger 
asked Mr. Hertmanavicius. "T7e don't doubt it a bit. We will have a state bank 
in about six months and not later. You will see it," answered Mr. J.J. Hertamanaviclus. 
The stranger said, "We heard that a gentleman by the name of Tananevicius wanted 
to organize a Lithuanian state bank too, but he failed to carry out his proposed 
plans and now you are trying to do the same thing". 

Mr. Hertmanavicius said, "We are using better methods for accomplishing our 
proposed plans. I have invested my shares in the bank and besides I am one of the 
members of the board of directors. This bank will never be controlled by one man, 
it will be controlled by the board of directors rfio know and understand the bank- 

- 2 - LITHUAN IAN /^ V\ 1 

NAUJIMOS, Vol. I, No* 12, 6:2, May I3, 191^^ 

ing "business* We put up a capital of $200,000 and a surplus $25,000« We rely 
upon our capital and not upon our good will. That is our motto. We know that a 
man cannot exchange his money for good will. Oar invested capital is real money and 
not fiction as you would call it» We donH want to "bluff our people. We want to 
show them that we are sincere in our banking business. We don't want to have i)eople 
think we are racketeers. We are going into a legal banking business and we mean 
what we say and the people can depend upon our word of honor. When we say that our 
business is legal, we mean it^ without any doubt in our minds." "But we want to 
know if Lithuanians will put up enough capital to have a controlling stock in the 
bank, which you are planning to organize", asked the stranger. "We are organizing 
this bank because we have confidence in our people and we believe that they will put 
up i of the capital, and we will raise the balance which will make $200,000. The 
people would have to jnit up $150,000 and we will add $50,000. You donH have to have 
your own capital to organize the bank, the people themselves will raise the capital", 
answered Mr. Hertmanavicius. "If you organize this bank, will you be able to compete 
against other banks and at the same time keep it from crashing"? the stranger asked. 
"We have two state banks in one block already and there is no more room for a third 
state bank". "That is what encouraged us to organize the bank, and besides we are not 
afraid of competition. We will get all Lithuanian depositors fjrom the Peoples Bank. 

i - 3 - LimUAKIAN 

mUJIEMOS, Vol. I, No. 12, 6:2. May 13, 19lU. 

Most of the depositors in the Peoples Bank are Lithuanians and they all will toe 
with us when we will have oiir own toank. We are not a to it afraid of competition, 
toecause we have confidence in our people. We will conduct our toanking tousiness not 
only locally, tout with all Lithuanian colonies in Chicago and its vicinity. 

This Lithuanian toank will have the largest capital and will toe under state super- 
vision. All Chicago Lithiianians and societies will toe atole to deposit their money 
in a Lithuanian toank", said Mr. Hertmanavicius. 

Mr. J.J. Hertmanavicius toelieves that it is important to have a Lithuanian state 
toank in the district called Town of Lake. We toelieve that Mr. Hertmanavicius knows 
atoout financing and has a good knowledge of the toanking to\isiness. 

We also know that Mr. Hertmanavicius is more qualified as a toanker than any other 
Lith\xanian toanker in Chicago. He has all the necessary q\ial if i cations as a toanker 
and the people will have confidence in him. It is possitole to toelieve that he will 
succeed in organizing a Lithuanian state bank. Mr. Hertmanavicius does everything 
well, for he has administrative abilities. We all hope that he will succeed in 
carrying out his proposed plans for he has toeen working very hard at them. 

II A 2 
I K 


Lietuva, Nov. 21, 1913. 


Not long ago Miss Llary Radzeviciute came to Chicago from Brooklyn, New York, 
and opened a women *s garment factory at 7759 South Halsted Street. It is 
very commendable that our competent Lithuanian v/omen are going into business 
for themselves. From what we have heard, Lliss Radzeviciute has experience in 
this line of business; therefore, we urge our Lithuanian women to go to a 
person of their own nationality when in need of goods in her line. 

II A 2 



Lietuva, Nov. 14, 1913. 


In recent days, Lithuanians have established a v/holesale coal business. The 
Vilija Company, 3702 South Spaulding Avenue (office at 3815 South Kedzie 
Avenue) , in the new Lithuanian colony in the district of Kedzie Avenue and 
38th Street. The new company was incorporated at §10,000. The president 
and manager of this new company is L!r. Li. LI. Dudas. 

translator's note: Vilija is the name of a river in Lithuania. It is a 
tributary of the river Nemunas (Niemen) at Kaunas, Lithuania. At present, 
Vilija has been changed to NeriSjT^ 

II A 2 


Lietuva, Oct. 10, 1913. 



The Zinycia Colonization Society, which was organized in V/isconsin in 1905, 
came to the end of its existence on September 16, 1913, by paying off all the 
stockholders in full with interest. The land which it owned was sold to the 
members. Profits had been satisfactory, but because of the lack of public 
support, the stockholders decided to liquidate this society. 

Six stockholders remain unpaid because the board does not have their addresses. 
Vftien they demand it, everything will be paid to them, dov;n to the last cent. 
The board of this organization will continue for three more years. Its president 
is Povilas Rumkevicius, 318 East 116th Street, Kensington, Illinois; and its 
secretary is M. D. Cinikas, 2727 V/est 22nd Street. The other member is Mceforas 
Zilevicius 2533 South Spaulding Avenue, Chicago, 

The principal sum and dividends will be paid in full, with interest, to those 
stockholders who have subscribed for several shares but have been unable tojgay 



II A 2 

- 2 - 

Lietuva> Oct. 10, 1913, 


in full; and also to those ifsfho began to buy stock on a payment plan — which 
required a dovm payment of not less than ten dollars — but later stopped their 
pajrments. Their money will be returned with ten per cent interest. 

The active members of this organization will receive thirty per cent dividends 
on their investments in the stock. Iherefore, this organization came to the 
end of its existence, not because of a lack of profit, but because of the lack 
of public interest in it. For lack of members, this organization was unable to 
accomplish its object. Upon my departure for Lithuania, therefore, all the 
members have agreed to liquidate it. 

J. J. Hertmanavicius 

II A 2 ^ 

II B 2 d (1) 

I C Lietuva, July 25, 1913. 



A public stenographer's bureau has been opened in the office of the newspaper 
Lietuva * Many of our Lithuanians cannot v;rite; some of them can vjpite very 
little. Many Lithuanians come daily to our office demanding that letters be 
written for them, etc. In order to help those who cannot write, or those 
who want to write a neat letter, v;e have established such an office. This 
office will be open every Thursday evening from seven until nine o'clock. 
We have experienced stenographers and typists for that purpose. Each let- 
ter will be considered confidential. 




Lietuva, May 16, 19 13* 


Last Satiirday was the grand opening of one of the Lithuanian furniture 
stores, under the nane of the ''South Halsted Furniture House,'' at 3242 
South Halsted Street. Many valuable presents were given to the public. 

The manager of this new business house is Mr. V. Rutkauskas. The "South 
Halsted Furniture House" is the largest Lithuanian business of this kind 
in Chicago. It occupies the space of two entire city lots, with the 
same size basement. It is a first-class business house. 



-II B 1 c (2) 

y LletttTO. May 2. 1913. WPA (ILL) PROJ. 302/3 



(Adv. ) 

In our dancing school young boys and girls can learn to dance in a very short 
time* You cannot have a pleasant time without knowing how to dance; you 
always feel like a dead one when others are dancing and having a good time* 
When you know how to dance, you feel happy and you are respected by others. 

The classes are held Tuesday and Thursday evenings from 8:00 P.M. to 10:30 P.M. 

Teacher: Miss B. T. f^\£f 
Professor: F. L. Jankauskas, 
1732 South Union Avenue, Chicago 

II A 2 

I C 


Lietuva, Apr; 11, 1913. 


Lietuva has urged the Lithuanian youth many times to learn a mechanic* s 
trade. We are always glad to hear that some Lithuanian has become an 
individual mechanic by himself, or is employed as a mechanic. In recent 
days, Mr. Alfonsas Bartkus passed his examination for an electrical 
mechanic and will open his business at 2152 W. 24th Street. From now 
on, he will specialize in the installation of electric wires, fixtures, 
lamps, etc., in houses and factories. Up to the present time Mr. Bartkus 
was the representative of Boyse-Carmichell Manufacturing Company where 
he obtained a lot of electrical experience. 

II A 2 


Lietuva . Jan. 3, 1913. 


( Advert i sement ) 

Bridgeport Clothing Company 
A. Olszewski, president, 
3246-48 South lialsted Street, Chicago, Illinois. 

We sell clothes and jewelry; our goods are guaranteed. This is a Lithuanian 

II A 2 

II A 3 a 

LietuYa, Jan. 3, 1913. 



2^dver t i s ementT' 

I am the best maker of new musical instruments, and I do the best repair 
work on old instruments. I do the work faithfully, because I have thirty- 
six years of practical experience. I have worked in the largest instrument 
factories in Russia, England, and America. I sell new instruments at lowest 
pric§s. I repair talking machines. I know all the mechanics of revolvers 
and bicycles. /'^/^ 

If you are in another city, send your instruments to me by parcel post or _^ 
express. K,.„ 

At my place, you can get instruments of any type cheaper than from any other 
agent or peddler, because I manufacture them myself . My factory is in the 
center of Bridgeport, near Lietuva. A large sign of a violin hangs on my 

door, you cannot miss it. 


II A 2 
II A 3 a 

- 2 - 

Liatuva, Jan. 3, 1913. 


All my v;ork is guaranteed. Bring your broken instruments, and you \\ill be 
satisfied Kith my work. This is the only Lithuanian factory in Chicago. 

Joseph Stasiulianis, 

3225 South Halsted Street, 

Chicago, Illinois. 



Lietuva, Jan. 3, 1913. 

TIIE LITIIf.-uNI.-^J mi:KS Ti'l CIIIG.-i.aO 


A. Clsze'.vski Banl: 
3252 South lialsted Street 

Pays three per cent on deposits; lends noney on real estate; sends money to 
all oarts of the v;orld; sells steamshiT) tickets; rents safe deoosit boxes 
for 33 a year. 

J. . Tananevicz Bank 
3253 South : "organ Street 

Pays three per cent on deposits; lends money on real estate; sends money to 
all Darts of the world; sells steamship tic^cets. 

II A 3 - 2 - LIJiXLiNIAN 

Lietuva , Jan. 3, 19ir3. 

Ne\v City Savin;-s Bank 
4601 South Ashland nvenue 

George L, Ukso, presilent; 3. I.Iarcinlcie.vicz, vice-oresident; A. J. Bierzynski, 

Pays three Der cent on deT)05its; lends .loney on real estate; rents safe 
deoosit boxes for ^^2.50 a year; sells steam^shir^ tic'iets, and sends money to 
all Darts of th^-3 world. of I^ke iavinrs Da^ilc 
J. J". Jlias, ov;ner 
4500 oouth ./'ood Street 

Pays trjpee per cent on deposits; lends :..oney on real est.te; rents safe 
deposit boxes for 32.50 a year; sells stea.Tishi:) tickets, and sends money to 
all parts of the v/orld. 

mk ""^ 


II A 2 

Lietuva, ::ar. 29, 1912. 


/LITHUA!:iAry BUILDina .JT) LCi\IT .lS3CCL\TI0rs7 

So-called Lithuanian builciin^: and loan associations have been in existence for 
many years. 

Space does not permit us to speak more fully about their organization, but we 
believe it will suffice if we state that members of such associations sign for 
one or several shares, v/hich are usually worth one hundred dollars each, and 
pay twenty-five cents a v/eek until the shares are paid for. 

In Chicago there are nine such lending and saving associations and their most 
recent reports show that they have a total of ,p260,683.0o in circulation and 
in their treasuries. 

That sane annual report shows that last year, 4p27,664.21 profit was distributed 

II A 2 

— O « 


Lietuva^ liar, 29, 1912 • 

to members by all of these associations 

The oldest of these building and loan associations is situated in the Tovm of 
Lake and calls itself D,L,K, Vytauto Buildinp: i^nd Loan Society, It v/as 
incorporated in 1599, and according to its most recent report, had .^70,396 .50, 
and a clear, free profit of ,p8,8l3o, Vhe society's president is .intanas 

Besides this, there is yet another society wriich was forned much later, in 
1910. It is the Lietuvos Loan and Javin-:s Jociety, VvTuich has a capital of 
s<5ll,o89.75 and last year had a profit of -^416. The head of the societj^ is 
o, i-mucauckas . 

The largest association is in firid^^eport This ''ca^ntaiist'* orp:anization - 

calls itself i^eistucio Loan and 'luiicin-: Society, It v;as established in 1901. 
Its present finances roach .73,912.1-^8, iind last year it nade a clear profit 
of ^8,197.51. The president of the society is ] ranas Butkus. 



Lictuva > Mar. 29, 19i: 

Just as the Vytauto, so this iveistucio has a youri.-:er friend in rridfrieport — tlt©;-;^^ 
ZiP'^cvaikio Society, v:hich v;as incoPDorated in 1910 anc has alreaay p;rovm to a 
capital of j4,848.81 and distributed ol29.;38 in profits last year. Its president 
is ?:. Pajauckas. • 

On the V/est oide tiiere are three siiiil^.r societies, one at 16th Street, t?70 near 
Cakley Avenue. 

On 18th Jtre ;t tlie Lithuanian Builcin^, Loan and Homestead Association has been 
flourishing since 1904. lO oate it has reached ,47,868.7b in capital and last 
year nade _;4,o25.85 clear profit for its members. .^ccordinG- to the State Auditor's 
report, the prejident of thii^ society is jrank Dap 

• • • • 

The other ..est Side societies are younger. Simano Daukanto L-oan and Building 
Society began its activities in 190o and today has a capital of <^37,7o0.55; it 
made a nrofit of ^4,7^6.78 last year. T. U. Alisonis is the president. In 
1909, in t.iis sa:ie vicinity another association, called the D.L.K. Oedimino 
Loan and Building Society, \vas established. Its capital totals ^^'6^865.54: and 

II A 2 


~ -i — 

LiGtuva, 'lar. 29, 1912. 

it made a profit of vl94*u4 durin^^ the year. The presidency of this association 
is held by Justin ...aekevicius. 

In that same y ;ar a similar society, Vienybe, v/as established in Roseland. Its 
capital totals .,;)7,955.65, and last year it had a profit cf 3332. 90 • The affairs 
of the society are supervised by J. ^rpof^ula. 

Since 1910, the Lithuanian iToundation of the I\orthv:est Building and Loan 
Association has been exist inf^ successfully, though on a small scale. Its most 

recent report shov;s that is has already reached a ca^)ital of S3, 000 Its 

president is .i-domas otenanauckas. 

II A 2 


Lletuva, Oct. 22, 1909. 



The statistical survey of the Burnside Lithuanian colony, printed in the 
September 24 issue of the Lietuva (Lithuania), was not complete. At present, 
there is no Lithuanian saloon in that colony as it was previously reported. 
There was a Lithuanian saloon there before, but it discontinued business 
several years ago» 

Altogether, there are about sixty Lithuanian families and a number of single 
people living in that colony. 

There are three Lithuanian business establishments in Burnside: One food 
store, operated by A. Pocevicz; one candy store, managed by J. Skoots; and 
one barber shop, run by A. Briedis. 

There are approximately seventeen Lithuanian home owners in this colony. 


' ; r 


II A 2 


II B 1 c 


II B 2 d 


II A 3 a 

II B 1 a 

II B 2 a 

II B 2 c 

II B 2 f 

II A 1 

II D 1 



Lietuva, Oct* 15, 1909 • 


The results of sttistical surveys of individual Chicago Lithuan- 
ian colonies were published in previous issues of the Lietuva 
(Lithuania )• Today, we are publishing the combined results of 
all these surveys, which cover all the Lithuanians of Chicago and 

Altogether, there are one hundred nineteen Lithuanian orp:anizations 
in Chicago* They are located in the following Lithuanian colonies: twenty- 
five in Bridgeport; eighteen in the 18th and Halsted Streets colony; twenty- 
two in the West Side or McCormick colony; twenty in Town of Lake; eleven in 
the North Side colony; seven in the Roseland and Kensington colonies; four in 
South Chicago; three in V/est Piaiman; two in Melrose Park; and two in Grant 
Works (Cicero, 111*)* These figures include lodges and branches of national 
Lithuanian organizations* 

These one hundred nineteen organizations are divided as follows: sixty-two 

II A 2 

- 2 - 


\ ^^ li.t .n, ^ J 

h / 

Lietuva, Oct, 15, 1909. 

are non-Catholic; forty-one are Catholic; ten political; two Lutheran; three are 
mixed; and two are Polish-Lithuanian societies. 

The character of these societies is classified as follows: seventy-four are 
benefit societies; twenty lodges and branches of national Lithuanian organi- 
zations; eleven clubs; seven building and loan associations; six educational 
societies; eight commercial organizations; five women's societies; three 
skilled workers societies; three musical societies; two dramatic societies; 
and two companies. /Translator's note: — The total of these figures 
amounts to one hundied forty-one. Apparently, the twenty lodges and branches 
and the two companies are not included in the one hundred nineteen figure 
given above/^. 

The lodges and branches of national Lithuanian organizations are classified 
as follows: Eight lodges of the Lithuanian Alliance of America (fraternal); 
fo\ir lodges of the Lithuanian Roman Catholic Alliance of America (fraternal); 
four branches of the Lithuanian Socialist League; three branches of the 

II A 2 

- 3 - 

Lietuva, Oct. 15, 1909 


Lovers of the Fatherland Society (cultxiral); and one branch of the Auskra 
(Dawn) Society (students' aid and general educational society). 

^ WPi of 

Only five of the clubs are of a political character. 

The largest number (fourteen) of non-Catholic societies ?ire located in the 
West Side or McCormick colony. The largest number (ten) of Catholic organi- 
zations are located in the Bridgeport colony. The largest number (three) of 
political organizations are in the 18th Street colony. 

The niimber of public Lithuanian institutions and professionals are as follows: 
Seven churches; one convent; eight schools (one non-Catholic, and seven Catho- 
lic); three halls (one non-Catholic, and two Catholic); one astronomical observ- 
atory; one library; four periodicals. Sight medical doctors; one dentist; 
one attorney; twelve priests; one commercial artist; four building contractors; 
seven mid-wives; one judge; six policemen; and one constable. 




« ^ - 


Lietuva, Oct. 15, 1909* 


There are four hundred forty-three Lithuanian business men in Chicago. T^ey 
are located in the rollovrinr colonies: one hundred tv/elve in Toi\m of Lake; 
one hundred ten in Brid^cnort; seventy in the 18th 3treet colony, tv;enty-one 
on the North Side; thirty-seven in the ./est Side or LlcCorrriick colony; fifteen 
in the 47th Street and ./entv/orth Avenue colony; fifteen in South Ghicafjo; 
eleven in L'elrooe Park; eirhteen in Ken3in;:ton; nine in '.Vest Inillinan; six in 
Roseland; and nineteen in Grant .Vorks (Cicero, 111,). 

Thirty of the Lithuanian business nen ovm tv;o or more business establislinents. 
Altogether, there are five hundred four Lithuanian business establishments in 
Chica.^o. They are classified as follov:n: one hu.idred eighty saloons; eighty- 
eight food stores; thirty- t::o barber shops; seventeen tailor shops; fourteen 
steamship agencies; ten T^rinting shot:>s; ele.'on cigar and confectionary stores; 
eleven dairy stores; ele/en v/agon renting services; thirteen real estate 
agencies; ten photo studios; nine clothing stores; six book stores; six clean- 
ing and dyeing shops; five musical instrument stores; seven shoe-repair shops; 

II A 2 - 5 - LITKUaNlAN 


Lietuva, Oct. lo, 1909. 

six shoe stores; five nen^s rurnishin":s stores; seven insurance (fire) 
agencies; six undertakers; sevrn bakery shops; four plumbing shops; four 
cigar factories; five bath houses; four furniture stores; two watch and 
jewelry stores; three hardware stores; two general stores; t;vo livery sta- 
bles; four drug stores; one bank; or.e post il sub-station; six notaries 
public; one coal yard; one ice cr^ain parlor; one picnic ^rove; one base- 
ball park; and one blacksnith. 

II A 2 

Lletuva, Oct. 8, 1909* 


' ••<• 

\ ' Vv r 




'<•' / 

A group of Lithuanians live in the neighborhood of 45th, 46th, and 47th Streets, 
between Wentworth and 5th Avenues. There are from seventy to one hundred Lithu- 
anian families living there. Most of the Lithuanian workers are employed in so- 
called ''roundhouses'* or locomotive barns. A Lithuanian organization flourished 
here for some time, but is now ertinct. 

In this colony, there are four Lithuanian saloons, operated by Tuleikis, Kiim- 
pikiewlc, Eidimt, and Steponaitis; two Lithuanian owned food stores, operated 
by A. Iffauza, and J. Krauza; one Lithuanian owned barber shop, operated by J. 
Jonauskas • 

As far as can be determined, there are five Lithuanian property owners here. 
The names and approximate cash values of the Lithuanian property owners are: 
J. Eidimt, $4200; J. Tuleikis, $1500; J. Zigmuntavicz, $4500; A. Rauris, 
$3000; and F, Runzps, $1500. 

II A 2 -2- V: ' ^^"7 LITEUANIAN 

Lletuva, Oct, 8, 1909, 

The oldest Lithuanian business establishment in this colony is a saloon, 
which was opened ten years ago by J. IXileikis. 

Ihere are more Lithuanian business establishements in this colony, but they are 
so scattered that it is very difficult to locate them all. It is believed that 
•there are at least two more here than the number mentioned above. 


II D 1 

III A Lietuva, Oct. 1, 1909. 
I M 


Lithuanians live in the following western subiirbs of Chicago: Maywood, Melrose 
Park, and Bellwood. In these three colonies, there is a total of two Lithuan- 
ian organ i2iat ions and eleven Lithuanian business establishments. 

The largest number of Lithuanians live in the Melrose Park colony. In this 
colony, there are nine Lithuanian business establishments: Three food stores, 
operated by F. Petrowicz, J. Liubecki and Vaiszvils, and Kvederas; one hard- 
ware store, conducted by J, Stefankiewicz; one dairy store, managed by J. 
Januska; one real estate and steamship agency, operated by Golubicki; and three 
Miloons; managed by F. Lepinskis and Jasiulis, J. Stefankiewicz, and Anthony 

In the Bellwood colony, there are two Lithuanian saloons, operated by F. Lovre, 
and Stipeiko and Rajunis. 


II D 1 

III A ' Lietuva , Oct. 1, 1909. 
I M " 

The two Lithuanian organizations of these colonies are located in 
Melrose Park. Their names are : Grand Duke Algirdas of Lithuania Society, a jnutu-i- 
al aid society, and The Lithuanian Club. The Algirdas society was organized in 
1903. It has about one hundred fifty members and about $1500 in its treasury. The 
Lithuanian Club has about twenty members, and about ^100 in its treasury* 

The first Lithuanian business establishment in this locality was a saloon. It was 
opened in 1901, and is still in existence, being operated by the original owners, 
F. Lepinskis and Jasiulis. 

In Melrose Park, there are about twenty Lithuanian property ovmers; in Bellwood, 
there are about five. 

It is estimated that there are from four to five hundred Lithuanians living in 
these colonies. They attend the Irish Roman Catholic church, as there is no 
Lithuanian parishes here. 


II D 1 

III A Lietuya, Oct, 1, 1909. 
I M 

Reverend N. Lxikosius, a Lithuanian priest from the North Side Chicago 
Lithuanian colony, comes here during the Easter season to administer to the religious 
needs of the Lithuanian Catholics • 

All Lithuaniein workers who live in this area are employed in the following factories: 
Latrobe Steel and Coupler Company, American Can Company, where a number of Lithuanian 
girls also are employed; Featherstone Foundry and Machine Company, Charles W« Shonk 
Company, lithographers, where a number of Lithuanian girls are employed. 

The earnings of the workers range from $1.50 to $3 per day. Most of the workers 
work ten hours a day. 

In Melrose Park, the Lithuanians live on 22nd, 23rd, and 24th Avenues. This village 
begins at 9th Avenue and runs west up to the Northwestern railroad tracks. Bellwood 
starts at 23rd Avenue and runs west. Maywood starts at 9th Avenue and runs north. 


II D 1 

III A Lietuva , Oct* 1, 1909* 
I M 

The distance from the Chicago loop to Melrose Park is about twelve 
miles. Madison Street cars run from the Chicago loop to Melrose Park, Bellwood and 
Maywood • 

During the national unemployment crisis, the Latrobe Steel and Coupler Company was 
idle for eighteen months • That greatly reduced the Lithuanian population in this 
area. The factory resumed operations again about two months ago. More workers are 
being hired, and the jobs are very good. 

The air in these Lithuanian colonies is free from smoke and bad odors, and is very 
healthy; the area is filled with beautiful trees and shrubbery. For these reasons, 
Lithuanian who can find jobs here will enjoy the ideal living conditions. 


II A a 

II B ii f 

II D 1 


I G 

X iu. 

I B 5 c (Italian) 
I B 5 c (Jewish) 


Lietuva , oept, C4, 1909. 
CiilGiiGO LITiiU.^a.J>' GOLO:;iEo 

The Lithuanian colonies are located in the 
South oide of Jhicago: i.oseland, i.ensington, i^lliiian, 
V'est rUlliiian, and Lurnside. Only a siaall nuinber of 
Lithuanians live in tht [jurnside and ^ulliaan colonies. 


In the combined a. eas, i.oseland ana ..ensiii(:ton, there is a total of 
Lithuanian societies, xheir naiaes are as follows: Loiilding dissociation 
Company, a nev.iy organizea builaine: and loan association; Uranci uke 
Gediminas of Lithuania Society, a non->atholic ..lutual aiu society; ut. 
Vincent Society, a Gatholic mutual aid society, which was established 
nine years a^-o, ana v.hich now has over »i;^2000 in its treasury; St. Li- 
chael*s Society; Holy Gross society; and ;^t. .ama's '..o.iien^s society. The 
latter three societies are also Gatholic ..lutual aia societies. 

II A 2 

II B 2 
il D 1 

I C 

I !.I 

I B 3 c 

I B 3 c 

t Italian) 

^ o ^^Ii:ilNl 

Lietuva, l^ept, 24, 1909. 

ThG follov;in.^ Lithuanian societies arc located in 
'.Test Pullman: A lod^^e of the Lithuanian Alliance 
of America ^mutual aid]; Lovers of i it- uunia ':'o- 

ciety, a non-Uatholic mutual -^ic: society 
Society, a uatholic mutual aid society. 

Moly Cross 


Shi ^ ' J 


■ y 

In Roseland, there are six Lithuanian business establishments: T.vo food 
stores, operated by i*'. Llailcevicia, v. Klir:^avicia; one barber shop, run by 
J. liri/rula; one printing shop, undertal-ier, anJ real-estate a.-ent, J. Pet- 
rosius; one baseball park, manaj-^ed by Ch. Stromill; tv:o saloons, by Ch. 
Stromill, ano. j. ::azels!:is. 

m iIensinf;^ton, there are seventeen Lithuanian business est^blisln.ients: 
ITour food stores, operated by a, lilbilctis, :.. i'JLiraavicia, J. Tiszlcie^icz, 
J. Dykstra; or.e clothin- store, run by A. Siusnis; one b kery shop, 
manafred by Alman^vicia; one dair:^' store, one tailor shop, and nine sa-- 
loons., operated by the follov.^inr, rec;?ectiv. ly, Armonas, 'Jlmikas, '.rbonas, 

11 A 2 — 3 — -i^l TI Fj iiJ-vI^-L'.' 

II 3 2 f 

II D 1 Lietuvg , '^erjt. :'^4, 1909. 


I G Llallrevicia, Zilukas, ^'edvilns, Boiibis, i^au^intis, and 

I M .^renlvurkas, 

I B 3 c I Italian) 

I B 3 c (Jevcish) in ..'est Kullman, there are eifjhxt Lithuanian business 

estr^blishirients: Ojie fool store, run by .% \'aj3n'iuska3; 
two barber wShops, operated by :■. "puris, and A. Kucinsl:is; one picnic -^rove, 
irtana,r^ed by /. :.arecl:a3; five saloons, operated by P. KarGc!:as anc" others. 
."J?, l^^reclras is nlannin^ to sell his nicnic ^rove and saloon and return to 

In Burnside, there is only one Lithuanian business establisluient , a v^aloon. 

/ . \ 

( '"^ 

\ "^ w / 

f " J 


The approrima-^ nujiber of Lithuanians livinr in all these South Sid 
colonics is bctv;een eir*ht and nine thousand. 

The Garnin,"^s of wor!:ers in this locality are not b-^.d. m Koseland and 
Burnside, the Lithuani^a: ';:or':ers are employ c in the i^ullnan car factory, 
and in the ifurnside car repair shop. Their earnings range from ii'l.bO to v4 

/ ^ 

II r. '^ f 
II :: 1 

I c 

T ' - 

X '■ - 

I ? 3 c (Italian) 
I 3 3 c. \ Jevrish) 

- ^> - 

.O -. X- A ' 

c ? 


Liet'.r.-i , "^ept. r!-l, 1900. 

for a nir^e hour ^ay; "-her- vnr.: ?ive and one-half 
'lays "DOT v;ee':. 


A larr:e hari-varo factory ic n-^v: tcin^ crcctoc! alon^~ 
r>i:le of -^ho a')3ve :".ent ionv:"^ car 5:hon . it vrill cost 

about half - r.ilMon lollor::, ^.n.:! v:!! n :loy ".bout nineteen thousand 


in '.'est :''ull:ia]i, tlio nitha:inian -.'ork-erG arc oir^loyod in a car factory, fana 
Machine v;or\s, !:arr.;arG f ^toin-, hric': y^ir^. , etc. T:-e :iVGra,''*e daily earn- 
inr^G are about 'l.u"; the earnin.-r of olrill- v.' ron;^e frori .,'2.50 to "4 
per day. The lar'^ost f .ctory, . far'i :. cy.ino o"r!:j, is located in the v;ectern 
part of est Pallr-an. 

The Burnside, .^.OGcland, and "e^t P^^llnari color.iec ca:: he roache;" by s'reet 
caro fron o.jr''. ::trcet and . : itc 'vity. 

II A 2 
II B 2 f 

II D 1 

I C 

I M 

I B 3 c (Italian) 

I 6 3 c (Jewish) 

west and south. 

- 5 - 

Lietuva, Sept. 24, 1909. 



Roseland, lAiich is alongside of Kensington, is ten 
milers away from the loop in Chicago. Kensington be- 
gins at 115th Street, and runs south. The most im- 
portant street is 2ta.chigan Avenue. West Pullman be- 
gins at 119th Street and V.entworth Avenue, and runs 

/ -x 

f .! 


In Kensington, the Lithuanians live on 115th, 116th and 117th Streets, 
east of Ixlichigan Avenue, this being the poorest section of Kensington. 
Besides Lithuanians, other nationalities such as Italians and Jews live 
there. It is enough to say that Italians and Jews live there in order to 
form an opinion of the general appearance of the locality. Nevertheless, 
the appearance of this neighborhood is comparatively better than that of 
the Lithuanian colony at 18th and Canal Streets. The western section of 
Kensington appears to be very beautiful, like an orchard; everywhere there 
are gardens, trees, clean streets, and the air is very pure and healthful. 

In Roseland, the Lithuanians live on 108th and 107th Streets. A Lithuanian 

II B 2 

II D 1 


I C 

I M 

I B 3 c 

I B 3 c 

II A 2 - 6 - ' LIlHPi^NIAN / , 

Lietuva, Sept. 24, 1909. \^ 

Roman Catholic church is located here on V'abash 
Avenue. Reverend Serafinas is the pastor. The 
(Italians) membership of this parish is composed of Lithuani- 
(Jewish) ans from all the South Side Lithuanian colonies. 

There are from four to five thousand parishioners. 
This parish also has a parochial school, in which children are being 
taught by two women and one ;aan. 

There are a number of wealthy Lithuanians living in these colonies. The 
fortune of Charles Stromill, of Roseland, amounts to about C^40,000, 
.jr. Nazelskis, also of Roseland, is worth about ^8,000, Lj. Klimavicius 
and iiir. Ulbikas, both of Kensington, are worth about ;^30,000 each; Mr. 
Sedvilas, also of Kensington, is v.orth about ; 10, 000; A large number of 
other Lithuanians possess smaller, but comfortable fortunes. 

The number of Lithuanian property owners is also quite large. In Roseland, 



T ■» 

T -Ti-TT T' 

li a 2 £ 
il V 1 

1 c 

I 1.1 

I B 3 c utaliari) 
1 i^ 5 c iJev:ishj 

business lots are frc. 



,ietuv:\ , \-e^t . "-' , 100." • 

i t/iiUQiiiClT. S 0"i.'. L'..'CiiC/' iio 

x a. ^ V / 

^?: ''^^ 


■» ..' -r 




t'lOi^e are alo . t forty 

uanian ^rcperty o .nors. tI.o value: of the lots 
vary acc-or::i . * to loc^lio.-; re.:-i ential lot.: rar:. 

^ ^^ o ■ -/ o '_' 


Tiiis locality i-^ ver* suitable for roji^'e^tial Lo^ier. '-.11 t-ie la::- is level 
and clear, m no otlier uhicar;o i^it^iua ^i^' colo::y i. t ■ e air so "^virc, 
healthful, ani suitable for c'vc^llir.:- purpo:-3:. At nrosent, the prices of 
lot:: are not ver^r hi'^h, Tut "-^^i-" ^:rs n---^-;^' ^' ' ^ rl'^:^ ir th3 ^oar future. 
Ten 'j^ifAT": '-^o, t\ r^ "ore ^ -irsly to-i ho.,;o^ in l^ssel-ind, ""^^t toda ; it i: a 
r^oou-sized to:r.. ore nnd :or3 land i- bsi:'ij ub-^ivi::ed i]:to lots, and 
ne^? streets are bel:ir:: laid out. 

Lithuuniano first c :.;e to this loe:..lity t • live Tirteeu yea 's a*o* Ton 
yea .'3 • ^o , there v:us only one Litl^uani-m bu:.i o':>z establislraent , n saloon^ 


II B 2 f 

II D 1 Lietuva, Sept. 24, 1909. 


I C in this entire area. Ros eland is the best place for 

I M residential purposes, because there are more vacant 

I B 3 c (Italian) lots there than in any of the other Lithuanian colonies. 
I B 3 c (Jewish) 

There are no large Lithuanian business establishments in 
this locality. There is a special need here for a good clothing store, 
with an additional line of other necessary goods. Anyone who cares to es- 
tablish such a store here, is advised to communicate with Liir. Casimir 
Kliinavicius, of Kensington. He owns a lot on the corner of 108th Street 
and Michigan Avenue, where he is willing to erect a suitable building for 
any Lithuanian who desires to establish a store there such as the one de- 
scribed above. 

The Lithuanian Roman Catholic parish of Roseland is aiding in the estab- 
lishment of a convent for Lithuanian nuns, sisters of St. Casimir. The 
convent will be erected on the corner of 101st Street and v;antworth Avenue. 


II B 2 f 

II D 1 Lietuva , Sept* 24, 1909. 


I C Ifcre and greater activities, such as mass meetings, 

I M etc., are needed among the Lithuanians of these 

I B 3 c (Italian) South Side colonies. There are many prosiDerous 

I B 3 c (Je\wish) Lithuanian organizations there. They should increase 

their scope of activities and responsibilities and 
not remain satisfied with merely the dispensation of sick and death 
benefits to members. 


Lletuva , Vol* XV, No. 28, July 13, 1906* 


Now l8 the best opportunity to get one or more shares at that prosperotuB 
store ^ the Bell Clothing Coopany^ 

The Bell Clothing Corporation for the last three years has been doing 
good business at 983-87 Uilimukee Avenue^ Sinoe this oorporation is 
doing good business^ it has courage enough to open another store in the 
new establisfament iriiich A« Olszewski is building at 33rd and Halsted 
streets* This oorporation pays to its stockholders larger dividends than 
any other corporation^ If any stock holder wishes to resign, the corpo- 
ration refunds the invested money on demand* 

The man who belongs to this corporation always feels at ease« For hi6 
invested money he gets good dividends every year« and when he wants to 
resign he knows that his money will be refunded on his demand* 

The stocldiolders of this corporation can be residents of Chicago or of 

- 2 - 

J^ietvLVti, July 13j 1906« 


other cities • Every one can buy one or several shares, but not more 
thcoi 100« Honey invested in this business brings better profits than 
money deposited in the bank or loaned to mortgagers^ 

Those irho have saved some money should invest in this corporation^ buy 
one or more shares, and reap huge benefits • 

At present the price of the share is |10* When the neir store will be 
opened, the price will be $15 per share* 

The Bell Clothing Store 
98S-87 Milmiukee Avenue 
Chicago, Ill« 


II A 2 
I D 1 b 


Lietuva, Vol XIII, No 32, August 11, 1905 





On the 29th day of July the Lithuanians of this vicinity held their meeting 
for the purpose of organizing a branch of the Lithuanian corporation, "Star", 
with its main store at 4605-4607 South Ashland Avenue. The meeting was 
larger than any ever held "by Lithuanians of this neighborhood before. 

Dr. Graiciunas, brothers Algmanavicius and others, and also some of the leaders 
of the "Star" corporation spoke. They stroke about the ma.terial and moral 
livelihood of the Lithuanians and how to improve living conditions. Dr. 
G-raiciunas delivered a very influential speech. He said Lithuanians must 
join together in order to accomplish good results for ourselves. 

"I am very much pleased to see the Lithuanians taking part in the commercial 
development among themselves" he said, Adam Algmanavicius and his brother, 
said that in this country, we, the Lithuanians have the same rights and 
business opportunities as people of any other nationality. 7?e Lithuanians 


Lietuva, Vol XIII, No 32, August 11, 1905 


are just as able to conduct business as any other people* 

This meeting did not forget our brothers in Lithuania, where they are figliting 
against the des"notism of the Russian Czar, Dr. Graiciunas asked for a collection 
and $2.64 was collected. The money was sent to the treasurer of the American 
Lithuanians Revolutionary Pund. 


II A 2 

I C 


IV Lietuva, Vol» XITI, No* 24, June 16, 1905e 


The con^/ention of the Lithuanian businessnien v;ill be held en June 
18, 1906, at Joseph Kuzsleika Hall, 4558 S. ^aulina St., Chicago. 
The meeting will begin at 4 ?• M« 

There will be speeches. Among the sp^eokers vd.ll be not only famous 
Lithuanians, well knov/n among their own people, but Lithuanians con- 
sidered eloquent businessmen by Americans. This convention will show 
the position occupied by business and commerce in human affairs; 
also that v/e Lithuanians must participate in them for the welfare 
and advancement of our people. The commercial standard of the nation 
is judged by the ability of the people to conduct the business of 
the nation. 

This meeting is called by the Lithuanian corporation The Star, which 

- 2 - 


Lietuva, Vol, XIII, No. 24, June 16, 1906, 

has a capital of $50,000 and has the largest Lithuaniarx store in 
Chicago, located at 4605-07 South Ashland Avenue* 

Besides the speeches at this convention, the general condition of 
this corporation and its as::ets wdll be presented to its members* 
V/e invite all Lithuanians to come to this nieeting* Those v;ho wish 
to join this corporation will have a chance to buy shares. 

In the name of the corporation. 

J* Varkala, 

Extracts from the by-laws of the corporation. Star: Lithuanians only 
and those of Lithuanian descent vrho speak Lithuanian may be stock- 
holders of this corporation. All mutual affairs and meetings must be 
conducted in the Lithuanian language. 

- 3 - 


Lietuva ^ Vol. XIII, IJo. 24, June 16, 1905. 

The price per share is $10. Every member of this corporation can 
buy not more than $5,000 worth of shares. The corporation guarantees 
from 5 to 25^ or more profit. 


Lietuva, Vol. IIII, No. 1, Jan^ 6, 1905. WPA (ilL) PR0i3Q275 

There has been organized under the name of Simonas Daukantas, a new 
Lithuanian building and loan association. The first meeting was held 
on Jan. 2, 1905. The treasurer euid all the directors are under bond. 
Meetings are held every Sunday at M. Mildazis' hall, 68 W. 25th St. 

All Lithuanians are invited to join this loan organization. 



Lletuva , Vol^ XII, No. 15, April 8, 1904* ^'^ ('^U PRO j. 302/5 


The Lithuanian Building aiKi Loan Society was organized on Feb. 9, 1904, 
for the purpose of helping Lithuanians to buy and to build homes for 
themselves. Meetings are held every Thursday evening at the Providence 
of God Parish hall. 

The Administration: 

L. H. Getz, 168 W. 18th St., President. 
J. Petroszius, 168 W. 18th St., Treasurer. 
A. Lemont, 624 S. Union Avenue, Secretary^ 

II A 2 
V A 1 


Lietuva, Vol* IX, IIo. S, Jan. 18, 1901, 


In Chicago v;as organized a new Lithuanian "building and loan society 
under the name "Palangas Lietuviai," (The Lithuanians from Palanga). 
They have a permit from the state of Illinois to sell the shares* 
The first official meeting vail be held Saturday, January IS, at 
7:30 F. M. in the hall at 168 'U 18th St* 

All Lithuanians are invited to cone and learn about this society's 
purpose # 


II A 2 

II D 7 




Katalikas, Febru^iry 8, 1900. 


The first Lithu-dnian society ivhich haS been organized in Bridgeport dis- 
trict under the nar.e Groat Duke Keistutis Building c^nd Loan Association 
i;o. 1, v;ill start selling its sliares, series VI, on February 82. 

This society was est.ablished August 26, 1397, and has money to loan to 

Heatings are held ever^^ Thursday 7:30 P. !.:. , at L. Azuko Hall, 33 Auburn 

iUl Lithuanians -^re cordially invited to attend Aid to join this profit- 
able organizcition. 

Everybody, men, woi.ien and children, Cr^n join this organization. 






Lletuva . Vol. VII, N©. 10, March 10, 1899. 



The Chicago newspapers announced that there was incorporated a new 
LithuanieJi society under the name of the Vytantas Building and Loan 
Society • 

The incorporators are Joseph Kuszleika, J. Zergys and S# Marcinke- 
viozius. The capital is $1,000,000 

It looks that the millions are not lacking among us, but we do not 
know how to use them for the benefit of our nation. 

II A 2 

. } 

Uetuva, Vol. VI, No. 9, March 4, 1898 


'^P^OIU PRO j. 3027!, 

The Lithuanian cigar factory in Chicago t the A* Sukevski and Morro 
Conip€U3iyf wanted twenty young Lithuanian men and girls to learn to make 

cigars. We want the cigars to be made by real Lithuanian cigar makers. 

•■ • 

Those v/ho want to learn this trade apply by mail or in person at 
the officct 208 Porquer street, near Halsted. 

A. Sukevski & Morro Company. 


'.. ^ 

:•- t : 


v !'■;'■ 

Idetava . Vol* V« No* 6, Feb* 6» 1697 

^ TO HEED A BUIIDING AnD LOAN ^^^ <"-^'> P^^^- 30275 


It Is known that in Chioago there are oTor lf200 Lithuanlazis • Some of 
them axe very poort but laangr of them are well to do« Some of the Lithufluxians 
have a fevr hundred dollars # idiile few have a few thousazid dollars# Few of 
them keep their money in the bcmk at Z% interest* Others are keeping their 
money with some Jew without any interestf Just for a safe keepingt others 
are keeping their money in their trunks* 

Onoe in a while a good friend breaks into the trunk and runs away with 
the money* 

The best way to proteot our meneyt where it will bring interestt is to 
organize a building and loan assooiationt where a man oan put his money t get 
interestt and the moziey will never be lost* 

For this purpose we are oalling a meeting on the 9th day of Febru»y 
at Azukas* hallf where we will disouss the plans how to organize suoh a loan 
sooiety* On this meeting we will see how many Lithuanians will take interest 

in organizing suoh a sooiety for their own benef it# 


•' - • s 



A 1. . #••-.-;», 


II A 2 

II B 1 a 

II B 2 a 

III C > 
I F 2 

\l^ Llatava > Vol« Hit ^o. 33, Jane 8t 1895 




The Chicago Lithuanian ooanunity is young* During the last two years 
they have shown real aotiTity among themselves* We oust say^ that the 
Chioago Lithuanians aoooaplished more than the Lithuemlans of any other, 
oityt where they had been living for the last few soores of years* 

We have eleven Lithuanian societies* nine societies of ment two so* 
cieties of woment and a oluster of the Lithuanian Catholic Alliance of 

Of those mentioned societies t we have among fiem khree best societies: 
one is the Simonas Daukantas society whioh has its own library; society of 
the Grand Army of the Duke Tytantast has uniforms and can participate in any 
parade; and the society of musicians can go on parades # play on concerts and 
festivals* ^ 

We have eigjht Lithuanian political clubs organited into the league as a 


Lletttva^ June 8f 1895 

result of polltloal activity a few Lithuanians have the oity Jobs* 

On Bridgeport we have a church and fourteen lots* Hbwt north side Lithu- 
anians haye decided to biqr a church for flOfOOO 

But now in the leist few days Lithuanians began to iuQk about one of the 
most important organization that should be established among ust the Lithu«* 
anian Building and Loan Association* Rev* Eranosunas called a meeting of a 
few Lithuanians and now they are working on the constitution* Ihen the 
plans are ready for such organizationt tibe meeting will be called for the 
final organization of this sooicty* 

Such financial organization is one of the best for Lithuanians* fT^ are 
living in this country* Iby then should we give our money to others? They are 
making profits and buildiog up their business with our aK>ni^* Ihy then .cannot 
we make our money work for us* We are buyix^ buildings t lotSf looking for 
leans* IRiy then must we pay interest to others t when we can pay it to our- 


Lletuvat June 8t 1895 

Many Lithuanians lost their n»ney in Jewish banks* but the noney cannot be 
lost in a building and loan association* / 

This ooming Sunday a meeting of this new financing organisation will be 
held* If our Lit uanians want to protect their own money they should come to 
this meeting, hear the plans axxl discussions » Join this organizationt and 
help to build the Lithuanian business* 


■ * 



Lletirra« Vol* IIItNo* 33t June 8» 1895 ^p/^ /|^(^ \ pj^Qj ^^^-^^ 


Wo are asking Lithaanlans to notloe the advertisezBent in LietUTa of 
the mem Lithoanlan buaioeaat under the name *The Independent Watoh Compaflgr* 

105 Brown (S* Sangamon) St. 
GhlcafOf 111* 


II A 2 



Lietuva, Vol. I, No. -24, June 24, 1893 



The first Lithuanian hotel in Chiougo is opened by St» Rokoszat '7^:9 YU 18th 
street. The hotel is very clean and modern, with first class beds| the meals are 
most deliciouSf and the prices are reasonable and good beer and whisky are 
served too. 

'There is a large and nice hall where every second Saturday are held danoes# 
Many young Lithuanian men and beautiful girls are coming there to dance and 
for social entertainment. 

II A 2 LITjmNI^^ 

Lietuva, May 13, 1895. 


Those who want to get books of any kind, cciae to Antanas Aliszanskas, you 

will get all kinds of books and for the cheapest prices in America. V/e 

have all kinds of pictures, beads, scapulers, anjrthing that is necessary 
for society and church* 

Kile also sell lots, buildings, farms, steamship tickets, and we send money 
to all parts of the world# 

You can get typewriters* You can get catalogs of typewriters by mailing 
to us fifteen cents* 

A* Olszewski, 
929 W. 3Srd St* 
Chicago, 111* 

II A 2 
I C 


Lietuva, Vol.1, No. 3, Deo. 24, 1892 


First Grooery Store 

Ur«J« Grigas, 134 W«15th St* opened la grooery store.We are glad to 
hear that Lithuanians are going into business and do not yield to others 

To our brother Grigas we are wishing good suooess* He ought to be 
supported by all Lithuanians. 

Remember brothers, Germans and Jews will not support us, they will 
not buy from Catholics, will go half a mile to their countrymen. There- 
fore we ought to take an example from other nations, by doing that we 
will obtain a better livelihood* 



Lietuva. Vol. I, No. 3, Deo. 24, 1892 



A Lithuanian, P. Z# Krulis, livins in Chicago, obtained a patent from 
V/ashinston, D. C. for his new invention for coupling railway c^^rs. 
It is very practical to xxse* 


- !>'■ '. 



■ I. 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^K^ < 



^^^^I^I^Hty ' 


I^^^If- -'^ 

■' y^ 

' < 


A* Vocational 
3* Aesthetic 

a« Arts and Handicrafts 


II A 3 a 


Lietuvn., Dec, 16, 1910. 

T he Li t hu? n i a n 

"nomen' r^ Iinncj.iwork ->Ltii't:it, srionsored by tne 

omen' p iCn light en- 

ment Society, beg^.n Dccem'ber 4 and ended Dccemher 10. It v/ps pxi out?^t?^ndin^^ 
and interesting: exnibit. So much hrnctiwork iiad "been pent in thr.t there was 
not sufficient roon for all. There v.ere 'r.pny vorks from Litnur.nia: towels, 
'Dedsoreads, ca.r^ets, aprons, belts, and even a T/oven dress mp>de 'oy Iv'rs. Gola- 
bovrke. There were also many cev/ed, knitted, and cipher articles made by the 

II A 3 a 


III B 2 

II D 1 Lietuva, Dec* 16, 1910. 


The Lithuanian '.Tonen's Handiwork :Zxhibit, sponsored by the VJomen's Enlightenment 
Society, began December 4 and ended December 10. It was an outstanding and 
interesting exhibit. So much handiwork had been sent in that there was not 
sufficient room for all. There v/ere many vjorks from Lithuania: towels, bed- 
spreads, carpets, aprons, belts, and even a woven dress made by Ivlrs. Golabovske* 
There were also many sewed, knitted, and other articles made by the Lithuanian- 



Jaunlmas , Nov* 5, 1905. 


On October 25 the second meeting of the newly organized Lithuanian Arts Club 
was held at the residence of 7ytautas Bellajus, the organizer. The purposes of 
the organization have bean defined, and they are: 1) To keep Lithuanian 
artists united as a Lithuanian group; 2) To encourage the artistic talent of 
young Lithuanians; 3) To make Lithuanians in general art-conscious so that 
they shall be able to appreciate the fine arts; 4) To have well-known speakers 
and lecturers deliver discourses on great artists or criticisms of various 
famous or notorious works of art; 5) To attend current art exhibits suid 
discuss their merits; 6) To offer occasionally a constructive art class for 
the members, with living models; 7) To give constructive criticism to members 
on their work; and 8) To sponsor annual art exhibits^ 

Temporary officers were elected as follows. Vytautas Beliajus, president; 
John Maurius, vice-president; Bernice Balickas, secrotary; and A. Mosgerls, 
treasurer. The other charter members are: Anthony Skupas, an art instructor 
and a graduate of the Chicago Art Institute, who studied abroad after winning 

II A 3 a - 2 - LITHUANIAN / o^ 

III A h ^jf 

Jaunlmas , Nov» 5, 1905, \^_. 

a money award for the excellance of his work; Mlkas Sileikis, Art Institute 
graduate and well-known Lithuanian- American professional artist; and 
Edward Smotells, a youthful and talented artist# These three were awarded 
prizes at the art exhibit sponsored by the Lithuanian Youth Society last 
summer at Mandel Brothers' department store; Oscar Gross, prominent art 
critic, /acted as jud^e^. Mr» Skupas received a prize for the best group of 
pictures, Mr# Sileikis received the award for the best Individual picture 
among the professionals, and Mr. Smotelis received second priae for his water 
colors* Other members are Anthony Yuknis, a well-known cartoonist for a 
current comic magazine and the creator of Jack Doolittle; Alex Gerches, a 
commercial artist of note; Anthony Gedroic, whose unusual wood carvings at 
the above-mentioned exhibit created a stir of admiration for his type of work; 
and Mr. Liutkevicius, whose works depicting scenes in Lithuania are reminiscent 
of the handiwork of the great masters. The next meeting will be held on 
November 8 at the residence of Vytautas Beliajus, 5657 South Sangamon Street, 
at 1:30 P. H. A fitting name for the organization will be selected. The 
selection will be in the form of a contest. The name selected among those 

II A 3 a 


- 3 - 

Jaxmlmas . Not, 5, 1905, 


submitted will earn for the submitter free initiation into the organization; 
that means a dollar saved, and he will be the kumas (godfather) of the Club. 

11 A o a 
II B 1 a 

Lietuva, Vol* I, No. 31, Aug# 1^, 1893 


Wk [Ml) PROUQZib 


August 13t Sunday, 4:30 ?• lU there will be a meeting of all Chicago 
Lithuanian musicians, ^e axe inviting all musicians, no matter v/hat instru^ 
ment they play. ''•Te v/ish to organize a band of Lithuanians only. Therefore, 
all musicians please come. 

The meeting v/ill be held at St. Rokosz Hall, 749 ;t. 18th st. 

The Lithuanian Musicians. 

^ - 

\,;-^ f .,.. i^^^ 


A* Vocational 
3* Aesthetic 
b* Music 





II A 3 b 


Sandara > Mar* 21, 1930. 


p. S.. .There will be a concert in honor of Mlkas Petranskas, one of the most 
accomplished Lithuanian composers, at the Lithuanian auditorium, on April 
2nd. In early childhood he ahowed musical talent. Ihile only a lad of 
twelve, he plasred an or&an for church services. Throughout his youth he 
studied music, even though at times finances nere almost nil. He attended 
the Imperial Conservatory of Music at the now so-called City of Leningrad. 
During this time, he worked his way by teachia^ others. 

After being graduated with the highest honors, he returned to Lithuania and 
began staging his own productions. Political misunderstandings forced him 
to leave his native country for a period of time, and he then studied in 
France and Italy. 

At the present time he deserves credit and praise for having written some 
of the best Lithuanian operas and operettas extant. Some of them are. 

- 2 - 

II A 3 b 



?.:^; luj y^o^ ^V'l 

Sandara> !fer. 21, 1930. 

••Queen -Of -Snakes, •* ••Devil The Inrentor,*' •Ttorry Me,** *^The Grand Duke,*^ 
••The Holy Night, •• and the moat widely known among Lithuanians is ••Birute,** 
which is a patriotic narrative. 

Among the oi>erettas are: ••Chimney Sweeper and ••;findmill Hand,** ••Adam 

and Eve,** Consilium Flacultatis'^ (Meeting of Faculty), '•King of the Fbrests.** 

These are but a few of them. His works are almost innumerable. 

Since he is now leaving America to return to Lithuania, his birthplace, 
all of Chicago Lithuanians will do him homage at the concert April 2nd, 
at the Chicago Lithuanian auditorium. This is but a small courtesy 
to express our appreciation of one who merits royal laudations. 


Sandara,M8.rch 14, 1930. ^jp^ oH^ PfidUOZ^ 


p. 3 , lore and tnore favorable comments and compliments are being 

showered on Joseph Sobrovicius, Lithuanian tenor. 

Herman Devries and Zldward ^ioore, music critic authorities, have expressed approving 
words on the aoility and talent of our Lithuanian songster. Now lir. Bobrovicius 
is in Florida, and the St. Peterburp:h Times greets him with a write-up wherein it 
calls him the '* famous tenor." 

All we shall say is that he is one of "our" stars • 

II A5 b 

I E 


Vilnis, Feb. 5, 1926 • 


The Chicago chapter of the Lithuanian--.'\inerican Proletarian ilrt 
Society gave its annual concert, Jan. 24, at Meldazis Hall. A 
large crowd attended the concert in spite of the fact that on the 
sane evening many of our people went to the celebration at the 
Coliseum, commemorating the second anniversary of the death of 

A long and pleasant program vms enjoyed by the audience at 
Meldazis Ilall. ^ 

- 2 - 


Vilnis, Feb. 5, 1926* 

The prorsram was opened with the singing of the Internationale^ 
international anthem of the working class, by the Kanklu 
(Lithuanian guitar) Chorus, under the leadership of the famous 
Lithuanian music leader, A. P. Kvedaras. This chorus also sang 
a number of other songs, such as "Brothers Let us Unite," and 
^♦Listen Millionaires". 

The North Side chorus, of the children's Little Society of the 
Blossom of Hope, entertained the n.udience with a number of songs 
and dances. This chorus, consisting entirely of Lithuanian 
children and led by ...iss P. Bigelis, pleased the audience immensely. 
Miss Bigelis must be complimented for training the children so 


Vilnis , Feb. 5, 1926. 

A newly organized violin orchestra, under the able leadership of 
B. Kalkis, ren-.ered a few numbers. ITiis orchestra consists of 
25 young Lithuanians from the Bridgeport colony. Judging from 
their initial efforts the orchestra appears to have promising 

The Englewood chorus, of the children's Little Society of the 
Blossom of Hope, also sang a few songs. This ^roup v/as lead by 
Ivliss P. Peciukas. 

A violin and piano number was rendered by the youthful Radaukis 

- 4 - LITIIU.iNI:\N 

Vilnis, Feb. 5, 19:^6. 

sisters* These girls appear to possess great musical talent and 
are endowed v;ith excellent stage personalities. They should be 
■encouraged to continue their musical training. 

One of the outstanding artists on the program was Genevieve 
Sidiskis, famous Lithuanian soprano. She pleased the audience 
immensely with her lovely voice. Miss Sidiskis is developing into 
a great star. 

The Brighton Park chorus, of the Children»s Little Society of the ' ^ 
Blossom of Hope, sang a number of songs. A group of girls from ' ^ oi 

- 5 - 


Vilnis, Feb. 5, 1926. 

the chorus entertained the audience v;ith a short play, ^Spnas^ 
(The Drean), This chorus consists of over one hundred Lithuanian 
children and appears to be well disciplined. Liss V. Bigelis is 
the leader. 

The program was concluded with a number of songs rerxdered by the 
Aidas (Echo) Chorus from l^oseland. 

At the conclusion of the program J. D. Bendokas, chairman of the 
evening, delivered a short talk. Among other things, he outlined 

- 5 - LiTHa;iiTi;iN 

Vilnis, Feb, 5, 1926. 

the purpose of the newly organized Afierican Labor {Communist) 
Party and appealed to the audience for contributions to assist 
the party, A collection netted sixteen dollars. 


II .; 3 b 



Jietuvii, Dgc. C, l::ic. 


■ >— r ' 

( . -.avert isei.ient ) 

riie 3tas'*s Ji:n.:us "usic .chool teaclies piuiio, :.iiisic tlioor:', voice, jtc. 
31:..S3os ;r6 hold Tuvsdavs, J:iui'nda*'r; Liid 3aturua:'s, vro:i o 1 . .;. to 10 7", H, 

Tho jcliool in loccAtod ..t 3:349 Joutli ::orr'\:". JtrjJt, in tlio i^irute Jociot2''s 
hall, TiGar tho oi*:7ico of lietuv::. 



II B 1 a • 

IV LietUTO, Oct* 4, 1918. 



DR. K. Drangelis 

After M. Petrauskas left the Birute chorus, the initiative of the organiza- 2 

tion was not very strong. It would force itself to work, would sponsor "p: 

some sort of an affair, and would again become quiet. It could have been ^ 

compared to an old man sitting by a stove: He would take a pinch of snuff, ^ 

sneeze, and feel better for a while. But after a moment, he would be cough- o 

ing and moaning again. It seemed that the enthusiasm and youthful energy co 
had died. 

But Birute is again active. Once more echoes a mighty song; once more the 
youth are active. This is so because we have another composer, Stasys Simkus, 
among us. 

II A 5 b - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

II B 1 a 

IV Lietuva, Oct. 4, 1918# 

The Birute chorus made its first appearance under the leadership of its new 
director on September 29, The members of Birute once more lined up in 
orderly fashion and entertained us with many songs. One had but to listen 
to be thrilled. 


It is easy to learn the tune of a song, and to read the written lyrics. <n 

That much can be done by almost anybody. But to give a song its correct r- 

interpretation, to create through a series of tones a power which is capable X 

of elevating a soul and smoothly, calmly soothing it — the divine spark of a § 
tmie artist is necessary. 


The hand of the director could be felt in every number of the Birute concert, on 

In "Vazavau Diena" (I Rode All Day), '^Vakarine Daina" (Evening i^ong) , from 
SiirJcus^ new opera, '^Pagirenai", and "Lietuviais Esame Uzgime" (Lithuanians 
We v:3re Born), as well as in other songs, one could feel the true interpretation^ 


II B 1 a 

IV Lietuva, Oct. 4, 1918. 

/Translator's note: The three songs mentioned are compositions of Stasys 
SimJcuSjj/ You would be astounded to learn, and probably would not believe, 
that the Birute chorus had only two weeks to prepare for this concert • 

I was pleased personally with everything that was sung at the Birute con- ^ 

cext« Miss Rudauskas, with her pleasant voice and calm, beautiful appear- ^ 

ance; Miss Rakauskas, with her voice of a nightingale and smiling (perhaps <J 

sometimes out of place) expression; and Miss Stanelius pleased me. Mr. gg 

Kasputis, with his high-pitched, beautiful voice and a severe cold in the 2 

nose, was accompanied by Miss Rakauskas. Mr. Stogis, v/ith his thunderous co 

voice, was also good. Everything, everything pleased mel IVhere there were £5 
shortcomings in voices or something else, the deficiency was remedied by the 
beautiful interpretations of the songs by the artists. 

But, most of all, I was pleased with Mr. Simkus* nev; song, "Vakarine Daina'', 


II A 3 b 


II B 1 a 

IV Lietuva, Oct. 4, 1918. 

which was heard for the first time. Even now it rings in my ears: 

"It is time to go home, brothers; 

The sun is already low. ^ 

The dark night will come quickly. ^ 

The mothers await us there. F= 

So, home, home, home I <^ 

The sun is already low. 3 


•»In the evening, in the orchard, ^ 

The nightingales begin to sing. 
The rue in the garden 
Must be watered and weeded. 
So, home, home, home I 
The sun is already low» 


II A 3 b - 5 - LITHUANIAN 

II B 1 a 

IV Lietuva, Oct. 4, 1918. 

^In the embrace of the dark night, 
Our labors will rest. 

In the hills and by the wood, ^ 

Only our songs will ring. :?> 

So, home, home, home I 'p 

The sun is already low." ^ 


What an opera that will be, since the individual songs leave such an im- o 

pressionl One can understand why Mr. Baciunas has already promised to \^ 

donate fifty dollars toward renting a big hall when "Pagirenai" will be «:o 

It is up to us Chicagoans to strengthen the Birute Chorus, which is becom- 
ing active again. 

Wearied by the labors of the day, thirsting for art, we now have something 


II A 3 b 
II B 1 a 

- 6 - 

Lietuva, Oct. 4, 1918. 


with which to cleanse and refresh ourselves. 
A long life to our Birute Chorus I 




II B 1 a 

rv Lietuva, July 2, 1915. 


According to reliable reports Mr. Mikas Petrauskas, famous Lithuanian musical 
composer and organizer of the Birute Singing and Dramatic Society in Chicago, 
is now engaged in writing and composing a new Lithuanian operetta, which is 
to be named "Giriu Karalius** (King of the Forests). The actors in this play 
will masquerade as wild animals. 


3 b 

II B 1 a 


Lietuva, .-;pr. 9, 1915, 


;. ikas Petrauslcas, far.ious Lithuanian-.^ierican rausical coTC.-poser and founder of 
the 3iruta i.usic and Drciriatic Society of Ghicaco, has composed a nuiriber of 
Lithuanian sonc:s for 'quartets, ilie son^s v;ill be published this v/eeh in 
booklet fon.i by the Boston Lithuanian Conservatory of I.usic. ihe first book- 
let of sonrs by i r. Tetrauskas v;:iS r.ublished in :.:'icacc several years a^o* 


II B 2 g 

II A 2 Lietuva, JIbt. 12, 1915. 



A concert was given by the teachers of the ^eethoven Conservatory of lAisic 
last Sunday, March 7, at the St. George^s /Lithuaniai^ Parish Hall, 32nd 
Place and Auburn /ncfv; Lituanica/^ Avenue. Those who participated in the pro- 
gram were: Mr. A. A, Aleksandravicius, Mr. P. Bartkevicius, }lrs, Ona Pocius, 
Mr. J. Jakaitis, and Mr. Anthony Pocius, i^&o is the director of the Conser- 
vatory • 

Mr. A. Aleksandravicius played the following numbers on the piano: Nocturne,** 
by Liszt; '♦Oi Bisim, Eisim, Mes Cia N^busim'^ (We Will Go, Go, And Not Stay 
Here); and "Concert Waltz in S Flat,'^ by Fieldhouse# He displayed a lack 
of smoothness in some parts, but on the v^ole was very good. 

Mr. Bartkevicius, who played a few nimbers on the clarinet, displayed good 
technique and tone, lllrs. Pocius demonstrated her usual talent as a singer, 
lir. Jakaitis sang "Bezode Daina** (Song V/ithout Words), and was called back by 
the audience for an encore. The technique of Wr. Pocius, who is an accomplished 

II A ;5 b -2- LI1irUi\NL^T 

II B 2 g 

II A 2 Lietuva , 12, 1915» 


pianist, v/as as usual very r;ood. Ihe concert ended v;ith the singing of "Ave 
Llaria" by the Bach-CJounod T?io, 

Besides the nusical pro,n;rain, a lecture on the subject "The Cultural Aspects 
of i.usic^* v/as delivered by Lr. J. .-^^ Jhniieliauslcas, v;ho is a menber of the 
editorial staff of Lietuva . Generally spea::in/^, the concert ''as a success, 
and in quality stands out above all our so-called "concerts'^. The attend- 
ance v/as not iarf^e. 

II A 5 b 


LietuTO, July 17, 1914. 

TKn: ORGANISTS' ccinTi^imoN 

The annual convention of the Chicago Chapter of Organists was held at the 

Leinont Resort, Sodus, Michigan, July 6 The following were the 

most important decisions made: 

a) It was decided that it was necessary to put a stop to using music in 
other than a religious spirit during church services and to use compositions 
of a strictly religious nature only, 

b) It was decided to make up a collection of national folk songs and to 
publish them at the Chapter's expense. 

c) It was decided to hold monthly conferences without fail 

d) It was decided to hold the next annual convention in Chicago, in Town 
of Lake, and to sponsor a large concerts ••.# 

II A 5 b - 2 - LITHgAIQAN 


Lietuva, July 17, 1914 • 

e) The following were elected as officers for the following year: 

V« Dauksa, president; Y. Mickus, vice-president; A. Alexandra vicius, 
secretary; B. Janusauskas, treasurer; A. Pocius, music director; A. Pocius, 
Y. Dauksa, and B« Janusauskas, examiners; 3. Sukoldoskis, U. Mikalauskas, 
and A. Lemontas, advisers^ 

II A 3 b 


Naujienos Vol. I, No. 13 May 20, 1914 Vi?A (ILL,) PROJ 30275 


The Sharpalis brothers, Jakutis, Stogis, Stannkevicius, and Paculat, 
sponsored two concerts. The first concert was held on the evening of 
May 12, at Davis Park, Town of Lake, and the second concert was held 
May 15f at Mark White Square Hall, 30th St. and Halsted St. The pro- 
gram was the ssjne at both concerts. Musical and vocal quartettes were 
outstanding features on the program at both concerts. The musical 
quartette consisted of the following musicians! 0. Paculat played the 
flute; P. V. Sharpalis played the viola; J, Sharpalis played the violin; 
and V. Sharpalis played the oiano. The vocal quartette consisted of 
the following singers* F. Jakutis, tenor; J. Stankevicius, second tesor; 
P. V. Sharpalis, bass; and P. Stogis, second bass. The musical and the 
vocal programs were very excellent and the public was pleased with the 

II .i 3 b 


Lietuva, Dec, '19, 1G13. 




Cn Deceiuber 11., at .... ...eldazia 2.all, \iesl Side, and on Decejiiber l-r, at 

Jreiheit lurner Hall, Zrid^^eport, concerts \.ere ^iven by the Lietuva 
Band, .^t both concerts the pro>jra:;; the ja:ae. The band consisted of 
eleven per^^ons directed by ..j?. Z. Jalcaitis, 

At both concerts, the audieuce ;:as s/aall; esoecially at the first one, 
for only several people v;ere present, .^t the second concert, in jreiheit 
Turner Hall, the behavior of so.Tie of the people in the audience was very 
bad. They disturbed the people V;ho came to hear the concert, ^o^ter the 
concert, there were dances. Durin[^ the dances, several European pieces were 

Taking these two concerts into consideration, the Lietuva Band will certainly 
have to die deep in its poclcets to cover expenses. 

II A 3 b 
II B 2 f 
IV ' 


Lietuva, June 27, 1913. 


Miss KLimavicaite is a well-known soloist among Chicago Lithuanians. This 
year she graduated from the ^alumet Conservatory of LIusic and Dramatic Art. 
June 17, the comrriencement exercises for the graduates were held. Miss 
Klimavicaite took part in the exercises. She sang the aria, "L^^ore Ttegal In 
His Low xjstate," from Gounod's opera, "5,ueen of Jheba," beautifully. She 
received her teacher's certificate diploma. Finally, the school 5:ave her a 
gold medal for her accomplishment • in her music studies. Also, Miss Klima- 
vicaite has studied with one of the best singin^;^ teachers in Chicago, Signer 
ATChangeli, at his school, the Archangeli Vocal School of Bel Canto. 

Miss Klimavicaite, after her graduation from the Conservatory of Music, will 
give private singing lessons. In the fall, she will teach at the Lithuanian 
Conservatory of Chicago, vidiich v/ill be established by A. Pocius and Company. 

II A 3 b 

Lietuva, May 16, 1913. 


The Lietuva Band is a truly Lithuanian musical society, composed of the 
finest musicians. 

The Lietuva Band plays the latest dance music. It plays Lithuanian, 
European and American dance music, and the classic music of the best com- 
posers. Honorable patriots! 

V/hen you need music for any purpose, call the Lietuva Band. 7/e practice 
every Friday, at 8:30, at Juozas Ridikas' Hall, 3253 Illinois Court. 


A / 


II ^ 5 b 


Lietuva, Oct. 2d, 1j»12. 



Peter Sarpalius, director of Birute Chorus and well-.aiown violinist, i.iarried 
Miss Petrone iirilcscio^iute last i^londay 



II B 2 f 

IV Lietuva , Au/^. 25, 1911. 


The liusic Conservatory will open on Sept, 4. Mr, r., Pettauskas, our 
former instructor, v/ill not be back this year from Europe. There v;ill 
be no singing lessons, only violin and piano v/ill be taught. 

The violin and piano teacher v/ill be Lr, ?• Sarpalius, v/ho is well-knovm 
to all vjhicago Lithuanians. He has studied in the nusic conservatories of 
Nev/ York and Chicago. He also has studied at the conservatory of Prague, 
under the famous master of music, E, Egbert, A. Seebaldo of Brussels and 
Stites, the Russian music master. Also under A, Hezalkowski and others. 
The lessons v/ill be given during the day only, from 10 A.M. to 4 ?. K. at 
3246 So. Halsted Street. 

II A 5 b 
II B 2 f 


Lietuva, July 15, 1910. 

;. LITIiaJILuJ C0IT5.-.RV"vT0HY 

Composer U. Fetrauskas will open his ov/n Lithuanian nusic school, the 
Lithuanian Conservator^'' of L.usic, on the third floor of the a. Olsevskis 
Building, 3246 South ilalsted Jtreet, July 15. 

II A 5 b LITIJI-TI i-^I 

III 3 2 

lY Lietuva , Oct. 8, 1909. 

The musical concert of Ilikas Petrauskas and the Biruta ;iincinr: and Drarmtic 
oociety, vaiich was held on Junday eveninc, October o, at I.lusic Hall, 203 
Llichican Boulevard (Fine .-.rts Building), v-as a crcat success, uore people 
attended this concert than attended the first concert of Petrauskas. .JLl 
the seats in the hall v/ere occupied. 

The Ghicar^o Daily ITev^s , in the October 2 issue, advertised it as the first 
Lithuanian concert in Chicaco. however, that is not true, because the 
first Lithuanian concert in Chicago took place in the year 1907. 

It is not necessary to repeat the pro[p?ara here, because it vias printed in 
full in the Jeptenber 24 issue of Lietuva (Lithuania). However, in addi- 
tion to the soncs listed on the procram, I.j?. Petrauskas sang: ^^Rusti 
Mergele-* (Insolent Lady); "Laukiu, Kolei I.Ian Paliepsi'^ (I i-iill ..'ait Until 
You Tell Lie); and ^'Pauksteliai GiixLba" {Tue Birds ;u?e Chirping). The 
Biruta Chorus sang the following song, in addition to those listed on ^ 

.— — ■'^-^u. 

-•J '•■ s 


II A 5 b - 2 - LITTilLa-Ti;\IT 

III B 2 

IV Lietuva, Oct. 8, 1909. 

the program: "IToriu Iliego'' (I '.ant To Sleep). 

Ilr. Petrauskas sang a total of eif^hteen sonp;s; eleven of these were in 
Lithuanian, tv/o in Italian, and one each, in French, Russian, German, 
Polish, and English, The nost successful sonr'is vjere: 'Tasakyk, Lietuva, 
l^limoji" (Tell I^e, Lithuania, I'y Love); "Husti Uer^ele"; "Ditiatko" 
(Not jjnounh) , a Russian, ''Lauksiu, Kolei Paliepsi"; "Jojau Diena, Jojau 
Nakti" (I Rode — ;. Horse — In the Day Time, I Rode in the llight Time); and 
"Pauksteliai Giulba." The audience v;as mostly pleased v/ith "Rusti Lergele," 
and ♦* Jojau Diena, Jojau Ilakti," which amused everyone and received much 
applause and shouts for encores. 

/Jithony Pocius accompanied on the piano. He also played a solo, Hendelssohn*s 
"Concerto in G Minor," and tv;o shorter pieces by ochuinann and Ghaninade. 

The following Lithuanian vocalists: Dauksa, Strumskis, Janusauskas, and 
Limontas, sang Petrauskas* quartet, "Gamta Grazi" (;Iature Is Beautiful). 


II ;. 5 b - 3 - LITI£lLv:ii;jI 

III B 2 

IV Lietuva , Oct. 8, 1909. 

The Biruta Chorus sane a total of five songs. 

Towards the end of the procram, i.aenbers of the Biruta Ciiorus presented 
Vx. xetrauskas with a v^rreath of flov/ers in the shape of a lyre. 

It was announced in the procram that in the near future a concert vjill be 
given by the lausic students of l.j?. Petrauslcas. 

■^ x 

t. ■ , 

.1 • < «. 

II A 5 b 
II A 3 d (1) 


Lietuva , Llay 14, 1909 • 


Mikas Petrauskas, former Chicago Lithuanian coraposer and vocal artist, 
sent a letter to the Lietuva (Lithuania ) from Paris, France • He plans 
to return to America at the end of this year to give musical concerts 
until the end of spring* He will return to Paris early in March of next 
year and study in a conservatory for about four months* 

Ml*. Petrauskas plans to stage about tv/o theatrical plays while here in 
America. He will probably stage ''Sien^pute" (Harvest Time), for which he 
wiTote the music* He plans to give concerts in Brooklyn, New York, Waterbury, 
Scranton, Philadelphia, and Chicago. 

Our people have learned to appreciate his worth and importance only since 

t 7 



C \ 

I '6 ^' PA . , 

II A 5 b - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

II A 3 d (1) 

Lietuva, I^y 14, 1909. 

he left America. Therefore, it is hoped that when he returns he will be 
received with greater respect and support so that his concerts will meet 
with greater financial success than before. 

' II A 5 b litiii..v;:!Ia:- 

II D 1 

I A 5 L ietuva , Jan. 39, 1909. 


s2h::..s Lrsic.jL rd 2s.czivz3 cii.r'zzr 

The Sernas L.usiCMl Fund -i-ssoci'iticn received a charter oii January 20. 1909. 
fron James .^, Rose, -ecreti:r of the State of Illinois. The "our-oose of the 
fund is stated as follov;s: 

To promote the art of riusic and encourage ir.usical activities Jir.ione': Lithuanian-^, 
.iT.ericans in the follov;inr i::anne^(a) b' ;-ivin.- financial assistance to 
Lithui::i:in students v/ho are attenamr hirher schools or conservatories of f^..,n/^^\ 
music; (b) b'- encour>'::^•in^• and assistinr the or:;anization of iiusic, song and\ o/''-"- aj 
thentric^-il societies; (c) by financing musical prorra^ • • (d) by doinc every- 'v^ 
thinr that is recuired for the aromotion and develo-^^i.iea-c or the art of music 
amonr: Lithi^anian-iOriericans • 

The societ, v/ill be controlled b;- fifteen officers, elected once every year, 
■^he officers for the first year are as follov/s: J. Laukis, president; K. 

II .i 3 b 
II D 1 
I A 5 

LiTii:. ." ^ i.xi: 

Lietuvii, ^an. -^T, 1909. 

OujT^is, vice-president; J, J. r.ertirianavicius , first secretary; J. Ilgaudas, 
second secretar. ; attorney F. P. rrc.dchulis, treasurer. 

The hone office of the societ" v/ill be in Chicaro. The charter v/as sirned 
by the followincy: A. Clsevskis, 1 . J". D?.^r.i jonaitis, J, lauicis, and J. 


Translator's -Tote: The by-la;:s of the oernas i-usical i^und x^^ssoci:ition 
also anpear in full in this issue of the Lietu-va^y 


^- / 


:i :. 3 d (1) 

II D 1 Liatuv- , Jec. 4, 190."^. 

I ;. 3 

IV 3er::vJ :r3ic fi':i3 tc i:j: i::GCRPciiiTZD 

The second neetiar of the founders of the oernas I-usic Fund, i.iusic aid 
society, v:a3 held on I'ovenber :]6, at the hc:.e of the chairrann. Dr. A. L. 
Graicunus, 3312 3, /^alsted Street. This neetinr v/as a continuation of the 
first reetin^ on roveiiber 1, v;hlch v;as called by the secretary J. Laukis 
to oppose the efforts of Dr. A. A. Hutkaus.'cas , treasurer, to 
liquidate the fund. Dr. Hutkauskas had announced in the Cctober 30 issue 
of the Lietuva that he li aidated the fund and r.erfed it v;ith the ^vusra 
( "^urora ) ooc i ety , a studert aid society, on the grounds that both societies 
have a cOiTinon purpose. 

I'any inT)ortant natters v;ere discussed at the meeting:. It v;as arjciounced 
that attorney F. ?. Bradchulis, nev;ly elected treasurer, refuses to accept 
any money in the tre-isur;^^ until the Sernas Fund is incorporated and has 
received a charter. SoLie of the founders of the fund ar£:ued that a charter 
was not necessary. Ilov/ever, the majority agreed that "//ithout a charter the 

II A 3 b - 2 - LITHr:vNI.\K 

II A 3 d (1) 

II D 1 Lietuva , Lee. 4, 1908. 

-- 3 


the fund is v;ithout a foundation and for that reason can he easily destroyed 
at any tine. .». decision was reached to incorporate the fund and obtain a 
charter, a corjnittee vns elected to carr'' out this decision. The inembers 
of the coimnittee are : K. Gugis, l.. Damijonaitis , J. Eertr.anauicius , and 
J. Laukis. The committee was urred to complete all necessary work by 
January 15, 1909, when the next FiOetinc of the fund is scheduled to take 

Some of the founders expressed the desire that the Sernas Fund should be 
merged ^vitii, or be made a branch of, the ..usra (Aurora) Society, believing 
that both societies have a corjnon purpose. Hcv/ever, it was explained at 
the meeting that there is a vast difference betv/een the aims of both 
societies. The T)urpose of the Ausra Societ;; is to assist students only; 
whereas the purpose of the Sernas L.usic Fund is to promote music, to assist 
onlv those students who Dossess unnuestion:.ble riusical talent, such as 


;. 5 



A 3 



D 1 

I A 3 



- s - 

Lietuva, Dec. 4, 1908. 


Kelpsa, and to publish the nusical and theatrical ^.7orks of our artists v/ho 
cannot afford to do so therr.selves. For example, L.ikas Petrauskas, a former 
Chicagoan v/ho is nov/ in Lithuania, has v/ritten nuite a nuir.ber of rausical 
compositions and theatrical plays. Hov/ever, he cannot afford to publish 
and popularize then; this tends to discoura£;e hin in producing, raore songs 
and plays. That is the main reason v/hy v;e Lithuanian-.vniericans are rnakinc 
such slov; progress in the fields of music and drama, a. financial aid 
society, such as the Sernas Lusic Fund, is absolutely necessary in order to 
raise the musical and theatrical level of Lithuanian-.Lnericans to a higher 
plane. The vast difference between the ^lusra Society and the Sernas Lusic 
Fund is self-evident. 

Lithuanians are asked to continue their generous support of the fund, and 
not to wait until the charter is received; the fund is nov/ functioning 
noiTially and is badly in need of contributions from the Lithuanian public. 
The purpose of f e fund, to promote music, v;ill not be changed. 

II A 3 b - 4 - lithi:ai:iai! 

II ;. 3 d (1) 

II D 1 Lietuva, Dec. 4, 1908. 

I A 3 


A campaign to raise 510,000 is nov; under v/ay. V/e can easily raise this 
amount v/ithin six months if vie make up our minds to do so. a dollar or a 
half-dollar means very little to an individual. Hov/ever, a large number 
of these snail contributions create a larce sun- with v;hich we can accomplish 
Gigantic deeds. If our goal of ,^10,000 is reached, then the future of music 
amon^: Lithuanian-:jnericans v;ill be guaranteed. 

Ue can accomplish great deeds with the aid of uusic. It can make our lives 
more pleasant, -strengthen our ties of unity, -md mai-e us realize that we are 
children of one fanily. 

All Lithuanians are cordially invited to contribute to the Sernas Lusic Fund 
according to their means. Let us show that v/e know hov/ to support our 
national req^uirements. 

II A 5 b - 5 - LIIHU;II3LJ? 

II A 5 d (1) 

II D 1 Lietuva, Dec. 4, 1908. 

I A 3 

ij'or further inf orrie.tion apply to the secretary, J. Laukis, 3252 S, Halsted 
Street, .all contributions should be made in the name of the Sernas Lusic 
Fund, 3252 S. Ilalsted street, Chicago, 

. .1 



I A 3 
\ II D 1 Lietuva , Xov. 6, 1908. 



After reading in Lietuva , of October 50, about the liquidation of the Sernas 
Music Fund by the treasurer, Dr. A, Y.. Rutkauskas, a meetinc of all organizers 
of the fund was called by the secretary, J. Laukis. The meeting took place 
in the hone of Dr. A. L. Graicunas, 3312 S. Halsted Street, and was attended 
by fifteen founders of the fund. The decision to oppose the liquidation of 
the fund, v/as agreed upon unanimously. 

It was explained at the neeting that Dr. Rutkauskas, v/ho is the treasurer of 
the fund, decided to liquidate it \men he became angered at a request of the 
secretar:^ to deposit the money of the fund in a banli in the name of all three 
members of the comirdttee. Ee resented this as an unfair reflection upon his 
honesty and ch-^.racter. 

It was argued at the meeting that the neeting for liquidating the fund, which 
Dr. Rutkauskas held at his hone, v;as insufficiently advertised and called at 

II ii 5 b 

I A 5 

II D 1 


Lietuva, ^vov. 6, 1908 

a verv inconvenient tire and place, Cn the day of the r.eetin£-, nearly all 
the founders of the fund attended the Daukantas coimenoration exercises. 
For this reason none of the founders of the fund atter.ded the i.eetinr; and 
Dr. Rutkauskas had no riyht to liquidate t-.e fund v/ithout the consent of a 
r.ajority o? the founders of the fund. 1 is action and decision to merre the 
Sernas L'usic Fund v/ith the .'-.usra (.lurora) Society, a student aid society, 
on the .^rounds that both societies have a corj:.on purpose, is unjustified 
and 7;orth^' of conaennation. 

s, editor of 

The Sernas I usic Fund (ncii'ied in honor of Josenh Sernas-^idomaiti 
the Lietuva and famous Lithuanian v/riter), is ^' i;.usic aid society. Its 
purpose is to develop and proiuote : usical and theatrical talent anong 
Lithuanian-.L^iericans . 

It v;as decided at the neetiny that Dr. Hutkauskas should transfer all the 
ncney of the fui.d, ^15:3.25, not to the Ausra Society but to ivttorney F. P. 
Bradchulis, the nev;ly elected treasvirer of the Sernas Fund. 

II A 5 b 

I .. 3 

II D 1 



LietuvL\, I'cv 

19 OC. 

The old corririiittee of tlie 5ern..";s Fund v;:is re-nlaced -^t the i.ieeti:;^* v/ith nev/ 
officers • The ne^.v officers are: Dr. .l. L. Graicunas, chair: lan; attorne.v 
F, ?. l-^radchulis, treasurer; J. I.aukis, secretar:'. These officers vrere 
authorized to reorganize the affairs of the fund and to nalce recomriiendations 
for future action at the next rrxnthlv i.aeetinr of the society. 

The Sernas ^ usic Fund v;ill continue to exist and flourish. The Lithuanian 
public is asked to continue their renercus sup~ ort of the fund .vith contri- 

3y J. Laukis, secretary. 



m. X 


II A 5 b 
II A 3 d (1) 

Lietuva, Jan* '61^ 1908* 


Chica^ro is the capital of the .jnericfm Lithuanians; we do not lack 
news of Lithua;iian activity here. Especially at present v^e have a 
very good and interesting news item. Now all the Chicago Lithuanians 
are talkinr about the activities of our artist ^sinjer and composer, 
Mikas Petrauskas. 

I will make no mistake (in saying) that LIr. Petrauskas has brought 
new enthusiasm to the Chicago Lithuanians' monotonous life. As soon 
as the composer came to Chicago, personal intolerance and partisan 
opinions have been buried; all of us gave a friendly hand to each 
other and started to work for one ca^ose: to make the first concert 
of our composer successful, and v;e have had a complete success. 
I shall not forget the first concert, wrien I saw there our spiritual 
leaders, the intelligentsia and the workers; all of them v/ere Lithu- 
anians. For the first tir:;e oinong the Chicago Lithuanians, they met 
at a concert like the children of one mother. 


II A 3 b - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

At this concert I have seen the h?.ppy faces of Lithuanians; they felt 
that they had conie to tlieir (jrm concert to see and to hear our own 
composer and singer. I have seen bears of joy on faces, the enthusiasm 
and brotherly feeling among the Lithuanian public. They forget their 
politics, religion and other baseless disputes; they came to see, to 
hear, and to pay respect to our foremost singer and composer, Mikas 

Yes, Mr* Petrauskas has succeeded in uniting us and making us see 
the beauty of the Lit> music and song# 

Right after the concert oyx singer began a hard task. He decided to 
organize a large Lithuanian choir in Chicago. The Lithuanians never 
had such a choir before. And he succeededl ..fter several weeks of 
hard work, he organ ir.ed a choir of one hundred singers. 

II A 3 b 

_ 7 


In order tlat the Chicago Lithuanians c^n lei:rn tho beauty of the 
Lithuanian song, Mr, retr£susl:£-.s v.dll present the operetta, "The 
Chi:.Jiey Sweeper and the Lliller/^ at tiie //est Side .uditoriun, corner 
Taylor Street and Center .-.venue. 

Iso I have he:ird that ii' the circ^ tances will permt, Vx . Petrauskas 
will present the historical operetta, "Birute," 

st success to our ccirp^.triotl 




II A 3 b 

II A 3 d (1) 

jy Lietuva, Vol* XVI, iJo* 47, Mov. 22, 1907* 


On November 17th the Chicago Lithuanians shovred themselveG to the 
Americans in deeds, but not with noisel On this day the concert was 
given bjy our honorable sin^^-er and composer, Mr. Mikas Petrauskas* 
He is the first singer that has proved to the world that even an 
oppressed nation has its geniuses, that under its straw roof great 
men are born. 


Ths concert was held in the Llusic Hall, vAiere all the world's famous 
artists give their concerts. A majority of the public v/as Lithuanian, 

The first n^omber on the progra:^ v^as a duet, violin and piano, suite 
number 2 in E major, Eduurd Sohuett, by I-lrs. and Mr« Frederiksen. 
Then lir. Petrauskas came on the stage. The public received hira with 
a great ovation,flovrers were throv/n under his feet, it was several 
minutes before the public became calm. Petrauskas was moved hy this 

II A 3 b 


Lietuva, Vol. XVI, No. 47, Nov. 22, 1907. 

ovation. The first song was Italian, "Per Pieta," by Mosart, The 
singer was moved by such a reception, so that he v/as unable to sing 
very well. The second song was in Lithuanian, "Thanks to God," his 
ov/n composition. This song brought a greater impression on the 
Lithuanian public because they can understand the words. After this 
song the public demanded more. He sang another Lithuanian song of 
his own composition. 

The third nuraber on the prorram v/as the violin solo "Romance et 
Finale," for violin by Yfieniawski, whs played by Frederick 

Fourth, (a) was a song in the Russian language, "Osen," by Tschai- 
koviTski; (b) Russian song, "Ditiafcko," by Pasiialov. These songs 
Vx. Petrauskas sang very v/ell. The last sorrowful song brought 
tears in the eyes of the public. Further Llr. Petrauskas sang 
Lithuanian songs of his own composition, "The Lirds," and "Give us 
heat. Oh Sun." In these two son^s the singer reminds our fatherland. 


II A 3 b 

- 3 - 

Lietuva, Vol, XVI, No. 47, IJov* 22, 1907* 


the singing of birds in the fatherland's forests. The follov/'ing two 
songs were in English, "Ci-adle Song/* by Tschaikowski, and "By the 
L'liirmuring Streaivi," by Tschaikov/ski. The last song was in Lithuanian, 
"Kiela," by Tschaikov/ski. This song Llr. letrauskas sang very well* 
Number 5 was a piano solo, played by LIrs. Frederiksen, ."Serenade," 
and "La Fileuse," by Sig« Stojov/ski. !;Jrs« Frederiksen is a very good 

Mr. Petrauskas sang very well the aria from Pagliacci, "Pionska Stacha," 
by Moniuszko; and the aria, "The Fierce Llaidens," by Gounod. The best 
one vms -when he sang the last aria from the opera "Rigoletto." 

At the beginning of the concert Llr. Petrauskas was moved by the tre- 
mendous ovation the Litliuanians gave him. By and by the artist came 
to himself and performed his duty perfectly as an artist should do 
on such occasions. 

- II A 3 b 


Lietuva^ Vol. IX, ..o. 44, i.ov. 1, 1901. 


On October 24th there v/as organized a nev; club of nusicians under the 
na.^e of "The Chicago Lithuanian Orchestra Concertina Club," The president 
is C. Zyleviczia, 617 7u 18th St.; vice president, J. Valantianaviczia, 
703 Vu 18th St.; treasurer, D. Spuris, 656 kY. 19th St. 

Meetings are held at S# Lelaszius, 58 7f. 25th St. 

All Lithuanians wantine- to have foodnusic at their halls, should call 
our Musicians' Club. 

LI, Kanapeckas, Secretary. 





^ Lietuva, Vol, IX, I^o. 12, Viarch 22, 1901 • 

THE i.e;y si.;gers society 

In Springfield there -ivas incorporated a new Lithuanian Theatrical Singers 
Society of Chicago, The incorporators are Antanas Lalis, Bronislava 
Olszevskieno and Mikolas IJieldazis, 

^ ? b LITHUAi.IArf 

Lietuv Q, Vol. ^^i:^, l^o, F2, Dec. P8, 1900. Vi:-7^M<-^ 



"v'e ?^re annonrcin'' thnt -^n th'^^ ?4th dr^;; of* •"'"^^ne, 1900, vvT.^; or or.ired the 
Paderews''': '_ Concertina '^li^'b, v/'^.*^ ch vr 1"^ "^l^r/ "^"^ "^•'^llr, ^p^ny^f^t^ , rif.nV-s 
and other fl7'»n^^'^^^n'^ ^n"^er-^p,' nre^ntts. T"^ "^"'la;'? on Vf=ri^'"'i'^ r;ii?lcn.l in- 
strnr.ents end will teach any one to -1<^-- ^-n ev^'^" ^* n ?; ^ni^-.ent , The 
Tne*^tin'"f=? «^e bed p-'-pry 'i'hur "--ia" p"*" I'^-prlcva*:^ '^''^ lewic2i<^ ^, -14 1T« 17th 
St., corner Lafl^n S"^r'=^et. '^he club's ad:nini£t:»"a^-Tcn: 

C :: e s 1 cv/a s Z 1 1 ewl o !! i a , F ^ '•- -^ id ^nt 
'"^. Y^alan^?v/ic':ia , Vi ^•e-P^'^- * ^'ent 
A.. ^in;^aila. Secretary 
J. Bi.-^anskas, T^^easurer. 




II A 3 b 


lAetuva, Vol. VII, No* 30, July 28, 1899. 


Saturday, September 2, at Pulaski Hall, 800 $• Ashland Avenue, there will 
be a first Lithuanian concert. There will be ten concertina players and 
players on other instruments. After the concert there will be a dance. 
Also a few Lithuanian spectacles will be presented by C. Zilewicze. 

Admission 35 cents. All Lithuanians are cordially invited. 

C. Zilewicze. 



II A 3 b 


II B 1 a 

Lletuva « Vol, V, No. 53, Deo. 31, 1897 'w /j.; ; \ cu,., ;r>n,' 


In ChioagOf Deoember 19, 1897, there was organized a band of the best 
Lithuanian military musicians* The president is Mr» Czeslowas Zilewiozia» 

The new band plays on trumpets, clarinets, violins and other instruments • 
Societies which want to get good musicians at their balls, call on us» 

Czeslaw Zilewiozia 

600 Laflin St., Chicago 


II B 1 a ' 

I C Lietttva > Vol« II, No* £3, June 9, 1694 


It is wall knoim that in Chioago there are many Lithuanians musicians 
irtio play various instruiaents* Ueoay suoh Lithuanians are good players t but 
they are playing in Folisht Jewisht German, arid other bands* Suoh Litfauani- 
ana do nothing good for themselTes or for Lithuania as a whole* Ihey 
simply cure helping with their abilities to make bands of other nationalities 

Any one that knows a Lithuanian playing any instrument or is a player 
himself, or belongs to any sooiety, give his name and address to the editor 
of Lie tuva • We must have our own Llthueuiian band, and we can have a good 

band because there are many good players among Lithuanians* 


Our societies have their concerts, banquets, dances, they always are 
hiring the bauids of other nationalities* We Lithuanians must have our own 
beoid, and our bemd must play on our societies* balls and dances* Why pay 
money to the bands of other nationalities when we can have our own and 
much better band? 

II A 3 b LIiaUAHIAN (l) 

II B 1 a 

• - . Lletuva . Vol, I, No. 34, Sept. 2, 1893 WA /ILL? ^P-Ji J'^*V3 


September 3t Sundayt 4 P« U»» at St. Kokosz Hallf 749 W« 18th St*, 
Lithuanian musioians will hold their second meeting* All Lithucoiian 
musioians from all parts of Chioago should not fail to oomet as at this 
meeting there will be organized a beuid of Lithuanian musioians only* 

Brothers, this beuid is an excellent project* Remember that there 
are in Chioago many good Lithuanian musicians who served in the Russieui 
army musioians* band and they €U*e very good players* 

All of you know that nobody can beat the Russian Army Band* And with 
such musicians we can make one of the best bands in Chioago* 

The Lithuanian musioians, today play in GermaHf Polish, and other 
bands* from which they derive no national benefit as they simply are help«» 
ing to make good bcmds for other nations* 


II B 1 a 

'^'° Uetuva. Sept. 2. 1893 WPA (!LU PROi. 30275 

For instanoe, when the Sooiety of the Provinoe of God had its ballf 
who were the players at this ball? Whyt the Poles! If we oould have had 
our Lithuanian band« this sooiety would not hire Polish musioicuis* 

Same thing with the Sooiety of Duke Gedeminas* This sooiety t onoe 
in a whilOf has its banquets cuid hires musioians of other nationalities • 
Would it not be very nioe if we Uthueaiians had our own band? Would 
Lithuanians not be proud that in parades with other nations » Lithuanians 
would have their own bcoid* 

We are telling yout that we Lithuanians t with our band oould beat 
any band in Anerioa# You must remember that many of us Lithuanian 
musioians served in the Russian Army Band* IHio oan beat the Russiein 
Army Band? Nobody! 

No matter what instrument you playt oome to this meeting, herot 
and we will organize a Lithuanian band and orohestra*^ 

Lithuanian l&isioians* 

A. Vocational 
3. Aesthetic 

c. Painting and Sculpture 






Sandara « Jan. 31f 1930* 

p»5. Andrew Gray, son of the well-known Dr. A. L, Graiciunas, 

will have some of his art works exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago from 
January 30 » to Uarch 9. 

Of course f we all know that in order to be accepted for exhibition at this art 
center t the work must have some value. Congratulations Mr. Gray, and our hearty 
good wishes for increasing success in your endeavors* 

II .-i 5 c 

II b 2 d (1) 

I C Lietuva , :B:y 9, 1913. 


.; LIT:U-J:I:^I GliCL ..x^TI^T ..T ^nu Ci.Iw..GC .-^T IIIoTI'rUT. 


1 T 


In the near future, at the Jhica^o ;.rt Institute, there v;ill be an art 
exhibition, .iccordinc to the stater.ent of the nevrspaper Drau^as (Friend) , 
the Lithuanian rlrl artist . iss J. B. Gricaitis, vail participate in 
this art e:chibition. 

.Aout this Lithuanian :^lrl artist, v;e find i.iore iniorriation. The news- 
paper states: 

".lisG Gricaitis is v;orl:inc at the Ghicaro Lortrait Company. Her most impor- 
tant piece of v;ork is her v:ater-color naintin^- in the Lithuanian parish 
at Ilei: Philadelphia, Pa. of the p:irish hall curtain depict inc a Sunday r>cene 
in front of .3t. Peter* s Church, in Vilnus, Lithuania. 

'♦!:iss Griinitis i:as born in Grishabudis parish, Lithuania. 3he v:as a little 
e^irl vihen her parents brought her to ..merica. They settled in Grand Rapids, 
I.:ich., where tliat little rlrl r^ttended school She studied art 

II :. 3 c - 2 - LI^ILJIIi^II 

II 3 2 d (1) 

I G Lietuva, Ilay 9, 1913. 


v/ith the Jisters of the Innocent --eart at Jcranton, Pa., and later at 
the Ghicaro ..rt Institute 

"!*iss Gric^.iti3 is not the only Lithuanian student v/ho obtained her art 
education at the Ghicapp ..rt Institute. lass Viensiutis attended this 
institution as did I.j:*. J. . deksandravicius , v^ho at present has an art 
school in Kaunas, Lithuania; also hessrs.J. Kodis and J. Jileikis, v/ho 
are nov; attending the Ilinc x.cadein^/', an art scriool in hunich, Gorinany. 

"'..■e v;ish the f;L'eatect success to our young vSirl artist, -^t the same tine 
V7e ur^e our Lithuanians, v.hen they naed sone artistic ;;ork done, as 
curtains, scenery, decorations, etc., to rive orders to Ixiss Gricaitis.^' 


II A 3 c 
II B 1 a 

rv Lietuva. Jan. 6, 1911. 


J. 3ILEIKI3 PAli,:;.J2JLL ^- 

{ SiL'iiinary ) \ [l V-^'Pi 

On January 2, at the Chica-o University Settlement in the To\m of Lake, ^ ^^' 
Miss McDowell arranged a farewell party for our young artist, I.x. Sileikis, 
who is goin>;; to iXirope to study. There vjere about one hundred people 
present. Miss McDowell, speaking to the guests said, "//e cane here because 
we like hin.** She hoped that iJJr. Sileikis might become an artist even though 
not as great a one as Raphael, or TJichelangelo. She stated that in itoerica 
there were -any opportunities for artists. Since Mr. Sileikis has great 
artistic ability, he should go abroad to study under the great European iriasters. 
Furthermore, she stated, paintings should not hang in the palaces of the rich, 
but should be placed in ^ublic places where the common people may see and en- 
joy their beauty. 

Dr. Graiciunas said that it was throu^^h the efforts of Miss McDowell, that our 

II A 3 c -2- LITEU/JTI/ilT 

II 3 1 a 

IV Lietuva> Jan, 6, 1911* 

artist Sileikis could go to Jlurope to study, llr. K. Sliupas, in hir^ talk 
expressed his best wishes for the success of our young artist. Tip. Jurgelionis, 
delivered a very enthusiastic speech. In his short talk he revealed the value 
of and the need for art. Kis talk made a great impression upon the audience. 

The concert was given by the students of I^. Petrauskas. Mr. K. Easputis, 
Miss Jaskeviciute, Miss M* Ilorodeckaite, Miss Krikscioniute, Mr. M. Duda and 
the violinists, Llr. Sarpalius, and Mr. K. Sliupas. V/e owe a debt of gratitude 
to Mr. Petrauskas for arranging such a splendid program. Ivlr. Petrauskas played 
several violin solos beautifully. 

Then the Lithuanian national dances were performed. Miss McDowell and several 
Americans took part in the dances. 

^ ^^y 

>^^f • 


■ ..♦ T : ■ • I 





V, - 


;x ,:*r- 

A. Vocational 
3. Aesthetic 

d. Theatrical 
(1) Drama 



' ( .- 


II A 5 d (1) 

II B 1 e 

III B 2 

I G 
I E 

Yilnis , Feb. ^3, 1926. 

t;/o nkv prol:^T-'IPwI.\i^ pLzIYS 

Comrade C. Biuras, prominent member of the Lithuanian-.imerican 
Proletarian Art Lea,-:ue, is about to issue another proletarian 
play, a one-act drama, "^For A Soviet Lithuanian," written in 
the Lithuanian language. 

The play de.ils with the period in Lithuanian history immediately 
after the ..'orld .;ar, vAien the Lithuanian proletariat, in our 
mother country, fought bravely on the battlefields against the 
;mite Guard i St s in an effort to establish a Soviet government in 
Lithuania. The play is very interesting and full of action. It 

- 2 - 


Q ^ 




Yilnis, Feb. 23, 1926. 

is simple and easy to present even in the snallest- Lithuanian 
colony. Orders for copies of the play are now being accepted 
by the Lithuanian-.unerican I^oletarian /o't League, 

Comrade C. Biuras is also the author of another proletarian 
play, a four-act melodrama, ^^Priesai^ (Enemies), v;hich is now 
being published. This play received very high praise v;hen it 
was reviewed at a recent meeting of the Lithuanian-American 
Proletarian Art League. The play is 80 pages long and will cost 
about 3200 to be T)ublished as a book. 

"Priesai'^ is a very pleasant nlay, based on a beautiful romantic 

- 3 - LITirj.iNIM 

Vilnis . reb. ':3, IQ.'^G. 

plot. However, it is very different from bourgeois love plays. 
It has a strong proletarian character. .1 bourr:eois love play 
usually revolves around a tempting kiss, v/hich either separates 
or unites two pecjle v;ho are in love. In a proletarian love 
play, idealism is the motivating force. 

These two ^lays v/ill ^7;reatly enrich Lithuanian proletarian 
literature. Durin.'^ the past fev; years Lithuanian-.cjiericans 
have made r9markabl9 progress in proletarian art and literature* 
Less than a decade ago proletarian art was practically unknoim 
among our people in this country. I.'ow we are proud of a large* 

- 4 - 


Tilnis, Feb, 215, 19 ^6. 
number of Lithuanian proletarian artists and their works 

Cora:ade C. Biuras is also the author of a nuiaber of proletarian 
songs. He recently published a collection of his songs in a 
book, ^ ^Proletaru Dainos* ^ (Proletarian Songs). This book is 
meeting with astonishing success in all Lithuanian colonies in 

II A 5 d (1) 


Vilnis, Feb. 9, 1926. 

•The Lithuanian-American Proletarian Art League will hold a 
special meeting on Sunday morning, Feb. 14, at the Vilnis 
Hall, 3116 So. Existed -Street. The purpose of this meeting 
is to review a newly written v/orkin^ class play, a four- 
act melodrama entitled •'Priesai^ (iiinemies). 'Phis is a 
vory interesting classical play v/ith a real proletarian 

All proletarian .irtists and thos3 v;ho are interested in 
proletarian art are invited to attend this meeting and review 
the play before it is released to the press. 


' II A 5 d (1) 

I G 


xiiOi-ii. j.-1-y.'v 

Ilaujl jnos, .-ipr, 14, IQlo, 

OUR YOUTii ^::j t?::: ^:::,:i:.^i: i:iJ.jr::R 




As far as I have boen ciblo to le.'irn, our youn;; people are t-..kin'; V3r3^ little 
interest i:i ro-;l Ar.iericaii art, Thoy attend o-ly the v-iudevillo theaterji. Very 
fev; of our youths ::itness aii2^ of the lo:;iti:::ate theatrical productions. For 
that reason, thoy fori.i the :;ista:':en irr^resiuo.: tiiat the Ar^iericirn Gtar';e has 
nothin ■ better t^:- offer than jig dancinr;, 

Tlius, many r-ood productions coi.e ar^d ,'p, and our younn peonle never see then; 
they v;ill probably never ,'::et an opnortunity to se;;:; then on the Lithuanian sta^o 
because v/e lack -.irtists and : .oney to produce such plays. Since ^ve v;re unable to 
place our O'/n theater on a hi.:h level, and si'ice v;c do not v/itness the nroduc- 
tions of other nationalities, v:e are unable tD follow: the ^oror^ressin ; sta^-^es of 
humanity, ./e cc-m learn i.iuch frori the t'neater, bocause th:^ theater aln-ays v;as 
and probably alv/ays v;ill be an expression of the ideas of huiaanity, a reflection 
of our every-day life. 





1 3 d 


— ;±_J LU^i> >X---- 


ITaujienos , ,xpr. 14, 1916. 

At preGGMt, one of the '.ost L.::ort;:'.t u'Oiluctio:.^ thut to our daily life 
is boin:^ shov/n at the Garrick Tho:.iter under the title "ojxporionce'', '..'e can see 
I'luch truth in this production. It dcr^icto tlio entire life aiid f'lUlt:; of youth, 
and enables o::e to obtain a true undcrstandinr^ of life, ito lioani::';, its value, 
etc.... Everyone s!iould see this produclion. It •70uld pay our youn>;: people 
to tahe a -greater interest in real art, which furnishes noro food for the spirit 
than our onn theater. It io not necessary to hnov; t]ie l^nr^lish lan^^ua^o r;ell 
to underst'ind the-"^>e productions, because t!ioy are acted so realistically that 
they en: be understood even v/ithout n-ords. 






II A 3 d (1 ) LITHIt;J-TIAN 


Naujienos , Mar, 24, 1916, 

^K^Or^.'jaiCii: OF ''GiUTSVI^CVS" TC BE iut'^^tzd/ 

{ rid vert isement) 

On Sunday, March 26, the A. Vitkauskas' Theatrical Oroup will present 
^Genevieve/' a dra]na in ei,<^ht scenes, at the 3t. George Parish Hall, on 
33rd jtreet. A. Vitkauskas himself ;vill ^lay the role of ^Golius*'. ^iinong 
others in the cast are l,:iss Samolis, !,'iss L. Zilvitis, T'iss V. Zilvitis, 
B, Vaitekunas, Yalancauskas, Sankunas, Sirvinskas, Taculis, 


This play was performed in Chicago on January 23, but repeated requests 
for a repetition of the presentation compel us to accede to the wishes of ^ 

the public. Because we believe that this time even more people will attend 
the performances, v/e are repeating the presentation. The play will be 
presented twice on Sunday* The first performance v/ill begin promptly at 
3:30 F. K., the second at 8 P. l\ Ticket prices are t;venty-five, thirty- 
five, fifty, and seventy-five cents. 

II A 3 d (1 ) - 2 - UTHaANIAN 


Nau.1ienos > Mar* 24, 1916. 

Sinca this play is being presented for the last times, we believe a large 
audience will be on hand to witness the spectacle provided by the per- 
formance of '^Genevieve". Tickets are on sale at the l^ujienos office and 
at the Olsevskis Bank* 

— I 

n A 5 d (1) LIOHUAHIAN 

II B 2 e 

17 NauJieno3 > Mar. 17, 1916. 


(Mvertisement ) 

The A. Vitkauskas Theatrical Group will present a gay and beautiful play, "TThe ^ 

Young M^n,^ written by the famous Russian writer, A. Chekhov, at the Lithuanian ^ 

Theater t 3214 South Hals ted Street, on Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, Meirch 17 - ? 

IS. A« Vitkauskas will play the leading role. A "Lithuanian Potpourri **, consist- w 

Ing of humorous monologues, etc., will be presented* ^ 


dose who do not know and have not witnessed the horrors of imr can see them in ^ 
the movies at the Lithuanian Theater on Saturday, Uarch 18, starting at two *^ 
o* clock. We have the latest pictures from the Italian and Austrian battlefields. 
The battles take place in the Alps, and everybody will see under what difficult 
conditions the soldiers must fight. The Theater opens at two o'clock on Saturday, 
in order to afford all Lithuanians an opportunity of seeing these pictures. Do 
not miss this opportunity to see a good play and interesting pictures. 



I I A 3 d (1) LlglUANIAIT 


Naujienos , Feb. 29, 1916, 


A. Vitkauskas* theatrical company presented »'The Duke of Pilenai", a tragedy 
in five acts, at the V/est Side Auditoriiim last Sunday night. 

This play occupies an important place in the theatrical literature of the 
Lithuanians, and because it is a heavy and beautiful tragedy it demands skilful 



The tragedy was first presented in 1905. It was written possibly long before S 
that — at a time when the Lithuanian language and literature were not at all <-^ 
developed. However, its author, M. Sauleniskis, succeeded in writing his play 
in very rich and unusually beautiful language which is worthy of study. 

The plot of the play is taken from the novel, "The Priest", written by the 
Polish va^iter, Krasev;ski. The action takes place on the Lithuanian-Prussian 
border, during the times of the fierce battles betv/een the Lithuanians and the 


II A 5 d (1) - 2 - 


Haujlenos , Feb, 29, 1916. 
German Knights of the Cross, teutonic KhightsT" 


The plot of the play is somewhat as follows: 

In the first scene of the first act knights are seen coming out of a chxirch, ^ 
speaking about matters concerning their organization. ^^ 

The most influential of them, especially knights Bernard, KLebonas euid Komturas, ^^ 
are dissatisfied with the "too Christian" discipline imposed upon them by their g 
new grand master. It appears that the grand master v/ants to refonn the knights. >- 
To the treasurer's report that there is no money in the treasury, the grand 
master replies: 


"No money? Then we do not need any I Hie honorable defenders of our holy 
religion must defend themselves not only with strong forts and walls, not only 
with their swords, but, I will say to you, most of all with the Cross which is 
the emblem of our order. That is, they must defend themselves against the 


II A 5 d (1) - 3 - LITHU/lNIAN 


Naujienos , Feb, 29, 1916. 

pagans with the examples of virtuous actions, of brotherly love. ... .They told 
me in Rome, and I can see nov;, that the German order has overstepped its bounds! 
Do not attack the pagans; do net seize the wealth from their fields and their 
homes; do not slaughter them to the last man. If you conduct yourselves properly, 
I firmly believe they will not attempt to attack you, and vdll even accept Holy 
Baptisml V/hile I have the authority here, conditions will not be what they 
have been in the pasti" 

Such plans did not please Bernard, and with his friends he v;as now plotting to 
get rid of such an exacting superior. 

On meeting Klebonas, Bernard complains that his adopted boy, Jurgis, (v;hom the 
knights kidnapped from Lithuania while he was an infant) is beginning to fail 
in health, and is sad and restless. They decide to send him to a small village 
where they believe he v/ill be able to return to normalcy. 

In the second scene Jurgis is in a hospital, waiting for the regular visit of 


II A 5 d (1) - 4 - LITHUANIAIxf 


Nauiienos , Feb. 29, 1916. 

Rymas, a Lithuanian in the service of the German Knights of the Cross, vdio 
tells hLm much about Lithuania, and announces that he, Jurgis, is also a 

Jurgis listens attentively to Rymas' stories about the land of his birth, and 
his curiosity seeins endless. Rymas describes Lithuania and her beauties in 
beautiful, impressive speeches. Through the influence of Ryr.ias and his stories 
a feeling of hate toward the Teutonic ILnights is born and rises in the young man. 

In the second act Jurgis is already in the village. Rymas follows hiia there. 
In his monologue he speaks with abhorrence of the dissoluteness of the knights. 

He meets another victim of the knights' attacks on Lithuania, the beautiful 
Laimute. She is exploited in all manners by t..e knights, v;ho strive unsuccess- 
fully to gain her favor. Rymas strives to defend her everyv;here. She becomes 
acquainted with Jurgis. 

Her simple but impressive Lithuanian songs make a deep impression on the young 


II A 5 d (1) - 5 - LITHaiJTIilN 


Naujienos , Feb, 29, 1916. 

Jiirgis. A sonc from the lips of Laimute is a mighty v;eapon. Uith its 
assistance she is able to convert back to Lithuanianism the Lithuanian traitor, 
Sventasis, v;ho is a ICnight of the Cross and assigned to watching Jurgis. 

In this same act Jurgis discovers that he is not a common Lithuanian, but the 
son of the mighty Duchess Reda, whose castle is situated on the boundary betv;een 
the lands of the Lithuanians and the Teutonic Knights. Jurgis, Ryiaas, Laimute 
and the converted Sventasis decide to escape from the knights. 

The action of the third act takes place in the divine forest on the banks of 
the Nemunas River, not far from Pilenai. There the refugees are seized by 
native Lithuanians who think they are German spies. They are brought before 
the pagan priest, Llerunas , who, upon seeing the young and beautiful Laimute, 
wants to keep her for himself. V/ith this in mind, he attempts to rid himself 
of Rymas, Sventasis, and especially kargis (which is Jurgis* real name). He 
almost succeeds in these plans. 

The high priest, Krive ICrivaitis /the official title of the Lithuanian pagan 

II A 5 d (1) - 6 - LITHUAIsIIAIni 


Naujienos , Feb# 29, 1916# 

high priests/, sentences Margis to be burnt at the staJce as a sacrifice to 
the gods* 

Sventasis admonishes Krive and announces that Llargis is the son of Duchess 

Reda« However, the crowd holds this statement to be an invention and Margis ^ 

is being led to the stake» In desperation Laimute springs forward to defend ^ 

Meirgis with a Imife. ^ 

At that critical moment the Duchess of Pilenai arrives with her guards. The S 
furious Duchess decides she herself will slay the masquerading German, Margis. ^ 

She duels with Margis, who jumps into the battle furiously and is almost 
victorious at the very beginning. But later he weakens and she is preparing 
to drive the sword into his throat. 

Suddenly the sword falls from her hand. She recognizes her son*s mole on 
Margis* neck. 

II A 3 d (1) - 7 - LITHQilNIAI^^ 


Naujienos , Feb. 29, 1916, 

In this great moment of joy iklargis forgives even the priest, Llerunas, who had 
wanted to take his life. Everybody is happy except the aged lOrive Krivaitis, 
who utters prophesies of a great misfortune for Lithuania for withholding a 
promised sacrifice to the gods and for degrading the priest, Merunas. 

In the first scene of the fourth act Bernard and his supporters are in the 
Marienburg Fort, plotting intrigues to draw the German Order into a war with the 
Lithuanians. Since the grand master is opposed to such a move, Bernard decides 
to get rid of him with the aid of poison. 

"We v/ill poison that rati" he shouts, laughing. 

He fulfills his threat in the second scene, when during a banquet he slyly pours 
poison into the grand master's drinking cup. The grand master drinks and dies. 

A breathless guard rushes in at that same moment and informs those assembled of 
a daring and successful attack upon the fort by the Lithuanians. Some time later 




II A 5 d (1) - 8 - 

TV ^ 

Naujienos , Feb, 29, 1916, 

Sventasis is carried onto the stage after having purposely allowed himself to 
be captured in order to learn the plans of the Teutonic Kiiights. During the 
coimotion the guards, believing Sventasis to be wounded, do not watch him care- 
fully. Seeing an opportunity to do so, Sventasis escapes and hurries to warn 
the Lithuatnians of the impending danger# 

In the fifth act the Lithuanian soldiers are attending a banquet in a hall of 
the Castle of Pilenai, The older men among them realize what danger threatens 
them. However, they have no thought of surrender. 

During the banquet Sventasis arrives with Bernard, whom he captured during his 
flight from the Teutonic Knights, Bernard, overcome by great fear, begs for- 
giveness from Llargis, 

Before the scene ends, messengers arrive from the Teutonic Knights and promise 
Margis the throne of the Duchy of Pilenai if he will become an ally of the 
Germans, ^feirgis, angered by such treachery, almost throws the messengers out. 

II A 5 d (1) - 9 - LlgnJANIAI^ 


Naujienos , Feb. 29, 1916. 

The Lithuanian soldiers commend I^rgis* stand. 

In the second scene the Castle of Pilenai is already besieged. The soldiers 
and civilians are preparing tor death. The Knights of the Cross force their way 
in. In another moment the scene becomes a battlefield. The Lithuanians defend 
themselves bravely. Some fall under the blows of the German swords. None want 
to be captured alive by the knights. 

The conquerors find only a pile of corpses, among them Llargis, Lairaute, Reda, 
the high priest, other priests, officers and common soldiers. The curtain falls, 
hiding the victors and the corpses. 

Kaujienos , Mar. 1, 1916. 

As you can see, it is a beautiful and impressive tragedy. It can leave a deep 
impression on the audience when it is presented correctly. Hov/ever, the actors 


II A 5 d (1) - 10 - LITHUANIAN 


Naujienos . ISslt. 1, 1916, 

did not attain the required degree of perfection. They can be criticized for 
much: inexcusably long intermissions and an absolute lack of harmony in the 
acting. A cold, unheated hall, and gaps in the scenery through which the 
audience was forced to witness scenes which had nothing to do with the play :g 
added to the discontent of the audience. These both amused and angered the 2 
public . ^ 


Most of the actors did not fit the roles they attempted to portray. For example, -ra 
the important roles of the grajid master, Reda and the priests were given to weak o 
actors. The grand master, who was supposed to portray the character of the most -^ 
humane, most idealistic person among the Teutonic Knights, acted all the while -3 
like a madcap villager. Permit me barely to mention Redans acting here, for it -" 
was too much even for me, an experienced sufferer. I will make only this 
observation: in the fifth act, why did the director permit this unfortunate woman 
to dress, not as would befit a Duchess of Pilenai, but as a cabaret heroine? 
And those common soldiers, both of the Lithuanians and of the German Order, who 
were supposed to create the effect of completion to a scene, milled about the 

II A 5 d (1) - 11 - LITHUANIAN 

17 "" 

Naujienos t Mar. 1, 1916. 

stage like uninvited guests. 

What scenes we poor onlooKers were forced to witness! V/e saw clownish sword 
duels, all kinds of pushings about, and unhappy confusion among the actors. We 
will most likely never forget that banquet in the hall of the Pilenai Castle. 
We saw how the honorable defenders of Pilenai groveled on the floor. A tragic 
scene—one can say no more! True, there were beautiful scenes also. 


Well, what should be said now about the individual artists? Ifiss Vera Zilvitis, 
though a novice on the Lithuanian stage, was able to portray successfully the ^ 
difficult role assigned to her. Her sincere manner of expression, almost child- 
like naivete, and conscientious knowledge of her lines won for her the respect 
and admiration of most of those attending. However, the young lady still needs 
much, much training. 

B. Vaitekunas, as Bernard, was in a different role than usual, but was as good 
as usual. That man didn't stop acting for a moment. Good mimicry and continual 

II A 5 d (1) . - 12 - LIOHPANIAN 


IJaujienos , Mar. 1, 1916. 

motions (always well placed) interested the public immensely. 

The part of Rymas was fulfilled satisfactorily, though I must say his make-up 
was not very appropriate. 

Mr. Briedis, in the role of Sventasis, pleased me most of all. At ease^ strong 
in voice and actions, surprisingly v/ell made up, he created a good impress ion. 
Only, Uncle Sventasis, isn't it dangerous to be without a sword so often during 
such a time of war? 


It is not my place to criticize the acting of the artist, A. Vitkauskas, though § 
it seems to me that even he made a few mistakes. However, when watching him 
on the stage, one could feel that a professional artist was acting. 

To tell the truth, I had expected much mora of this presentation. I cannot say 
^at was the real reason for the failure. I v/as told that complete rehearsals 
were not held because of the lack of time for them. Therefore, the director 


II A 5 d (1) 

- 13 - 
Naujienos , Mar. 1, 1916. 


did not have the time to create more harmony in the play. It was said that 

many things helped to ruin the mood of the players; for exaJriple, lack of adequate 

sets, impolite workers backstage, filthy holes v;hich the actors were forced to 

use for dressing rooms, etc. :g 

It is apparent that we Lithuanians are not yet accustomed to presenting good ^ 
historical tragedies, and Vitkauskas alone cannot help us much in this matter. «£7 

However, no matter what the situation is, I feel sad that I cannot end this 2 
article as the play ends— -that I cannot shout "Honor to you, heroes of Lithuania!" co 

Instead, I will end with the words of the high priest: "Forgive us, godsl" 




Naujienos , Feb. 22, 1916. 


On the night before last A. Vitkauskas* theatrical company presented J. Zulavs- 
kis* four act drama, "Wreath of lityrtle," on the stage of the Hull House Theater^ 

It had been advertised that the play would be presented "according to the system 2 

of the Moscow Theater." Though the presentation was far fiom that, the acting ^ 

was wonderful. A. Vitkauskas, himself, and other distinguished Chicago artists r~ 

were in the cast. The acting was better than Chicagoans have ever had an op- ^ 

portunity of witnessing before. | 


The most important characters in the play a re Vladas and Janina. A. Vitkauskas S 
played the role of Vladas and perfoimed it beautifully. Miss Zilvitis performed ^ 
the role of Janina perfectly. She entered into the character which the role de- 
manded euid did not leave it during any part of the play. 

The other actors also played well. S. Valancauskas gave a good performance in 


II A g d (1) - 2 - UTHPANIAN 


Haujlenos , Feb. 22, 1916. 

the role of Edward, though he is new to the stage. The mother (Miss I. Aleksan- 
dravicius) was well acted, as were the parts of old laborer (Sirvinskas) and 
the father (B. Vaitekunas). Hobert, played by J. Sanloinas, was somewhat less 

If there were shortcomings, they disappeared in the acting in general, and the 
whole play left a very good impression. Only the make-up was bad. 

During the intermissions Mr. A. Pocius played the organ. 

The audience was small—much smaller than had been expected. Perhaps the system 
of advertising does not meet with the approval of the public. But the audience 
which did attend was a select one. Almost all the /ZithaGinieLi^ businessmen and 
professional men of Chicago were present. 

A. Vitkaiiskas • visit to Chicago will not go for naught. He will give the 



II A 3 d (1) - 3 - 


NauJleno3 > Feb. 22, 1916 • 

Lithuanians scxaething new, and perhaps will be successful in reviving the recent* 
ly dormant theater of the Lithucuiians in Chicago. It is to be hoped that he 
will succeed in accomplishing this. Lovers of the theater should help him in 
this work« 



II A 5 d (1) 


Lietuv a> Nov. 5, 1915. 


The initial stage and motion picture show at the Lithuanian Theater, 3214 South 
Halsted Street, which was offered last Saturday, October 30, by the Lithuanian 
Theatrical Company was a great success. A capacity crowd attended the shows 
on both days, October 30 and 31; there vias a shortage of seats during all the 
performances. In order to accommodate the unexpectedly large attendance, the 
perfori-oance on Sunday, October 31, was repeated seven tL^ies* Those who at- 
tended the performance stated that the program was very interesting and higlily 

The Lithuanian Theatrical Company is operated by Mr. H. Mockus, Mr. I. 
Pakalniskis, and l^r. V. Kundrotas. The theater will be open twice each week, 
on Saturdays and Sundays, until Thanksgiving Day, after which it will be open 
to the public four times each week. 





II A 5 d (1) - 2 - LITHUAIIIAIT 

Lietava, Nov. 5, 1915* 

All the actors and actresses on the stage prograia are Lithuanian-Americans. 
The stage show is conducted in the Lithuanian language. 

Details about the Lithuanian Theatrical Company were printed in the October 
29 issue of the Lietuva. 

II A 5 d (1 ) 


Lietuva, Oct. 29, 1915, 


The recently organized Lithuanian Theatrical Company will present its first 
vaudeville show on Saturday, October 30, at the Lithuania Theater, 3214 South 
Halsted Street. This Company is probably the first Lithuanian theatrical 
company in America. It was organized several weeks ago. Members of the 
Company are Mr. H. Mockus, Mr. I. Pakalniskis, and liv. V. Kundrotas. This 
Company differs from all other Lithuanian-American theatrical or dramatic 
societies in that it is organized entirely on a business basis for profit. 
Its purpose is to organize and conduct a permanent and continuous Lithuanian 
vaudeville theater. 

The first show of the Company will consist of a play entitled "As Numiriau" 
(I Died). Besides this play, the program v/ill include songs, monologues, 
and other numbers that are usually seen in vaudeville shov;s. As an added 
attraction a motion picture entitled "Brolis Pries Broli" (Brother Against 
Brother), v;hich pertains to the present European V/ar, v/ill be shovm to the 

II A 3 d (1 ) 

- 2 - 

Lietuva, Oct. 29, 1915. 


audience between acts. On the following day, Sunday, the stage show will 
be the same but there will be a different mot^ion picture • 

Various departments of the Company are now being organized. Mr. B. 
Vaitekunas, popular Lithuanian-American actor, has been placed in charge of 
the dramatic department; 1>j:. Peter Sarpalius, Lithuanian-American musical 
composer, has been placed in charge of the music department; Mr. Vincent 
BiTUSokas, popular Lithuanian-American comedian who has been entertaining 
Chicago Lithuanian audiences in the role of ''Stepukas" (Little Stephen), 
has been placed in charge of the department of monologues and other short 

For the time being the Company plans to give only two shows per week, on 
Saturdays and Sundays. Later, after Thanksgiving Day (November 25), it 
is planned to give four shows per week if the Company is showered with 
success. The main worry of the Company is a shortage of good Lithuanian 


II A 5 d (1 ) 

- 3 

Lietuva, Oct. 29, 1915 


actors and actresses, Mr. l/.oclais stated that if a sufficient number of 
Lithuanian actors and actresses could have been found the Company would 
have decided to open the theater with four shows (four days) per week. 

The members of the Company are confident that Lithuanian-Americans will 
appreciate and support the efforts to establish the first Lithuanian theater 
in America. Mr. Mockus, who is the president of the Company, stated that the 
success of the theater depends entirely upon the support of the Chicago 
Lithuanian public. Mr. Lockus also stated that he does not see any reason 
why a Lithuanian theater should not be as successful as the American theaters. 
He believes that Lithuanian theaters in America can reach a high state of 

The Company will make an effort to locate and enlist all the best dramatic 
talent among Lithuanians in America. It is believed that this is a good 
opportunity for a number of talented Lithuanian-Americans to develop into 
highly paid theatrical artists. 

II A 5 d (1 ) - 4 - LITHUMIAI^^ 


Lietuva , Oct. 29, 1915. 

Lithuanian theatrical artists, and those who know of such talent, are 
invited to write to the Company. Address all communications to Mr. H. 
Ifockus, Lithuania Theater, 3214 South Halsted Street, Chicago, Illinois, 

II A 5 d (1) 


Lietuva, Oct. 

0, 1915. 


iL-^i x; 

ijr:iiG.a. ccT.^n c2a.:ii^D 

The Lithuanian Trieatrical GoriDan'^ "vas rjcentlv organized in Ghica-o throuc^a 

the efforts of . r. 

11- ^ 

oc:ais. Jiiin co:v^,: 

->'' . 


r.G to establish a penxment 

and continuous lithuanian vaudeville s.iov; in Ghica^:o. Talent for the forma- 
tion of a Lithuanian actors' troupe i:: nov; boin-: sought b:^ the Gonpan^''. 


II B 1 c (1) 

II D 10 Lietuva. Aug. 20, 1915. 



Chicago Lithuanians have not forgotten Bruno Vargsas (Laucevicius) , whose 
long illness, which started six months ago, has made his family destitute. 
Through the efforts of the Biruta Society a total of seventy-five dollars was 
collected for the relief of the family. Mr. B. Vaitekunas and Dr. K. Drangelis 
composed the committee which collected the money. The money has been given to 
Mr« Vargsas. 

The state of Mr. Vargsas* health is now very bad. He has had two operations, 
but without any favorable results. On Wednesday of this week he v;as removed 
from his home to 3t. Bernard Hospital for a third operation. His life depends 
upon the result of this operation. Physicians are divided in regard to the 
exact nature of his illness. 


Bruno Vargsas is the author of a long string of dramatic works. Some of the 

II A 5 d (1) - 2 - LITHUAITIAN 

II B 1 c (1) 

II D 10 Lietuva, Au^* 20, 1915. 


:.iore popular plays that v/ere written by him are as follov/s: 

**Pirmi Zingsniai" (First Steps), '^Saliair.ono Sapnas*^ (Solomon's Dream), "Jono 
Slrdis" (John's Heart), "Paslcutine Ban^a'' (The Last ./ave), 'T-Iilijonai Vandeny" 
(Millions in ./ater) , "Zmones" (People) , ''Lizdas 1,'aninio Liuto" (Den of a Do- 
mestic Lion), 'Tenktas Prisalcy" (The Fifth Commandment), ''Gadynes Zaizdos^ 
(V/ounds of the iilra) , ''Svetinas Dievas'* (A Strange God), and many others. 

Mr. Vargsas was the editor of the theatrical magazine Veidr odis (The Mirror), 
and the director of the Dramatic Circle of the Lithuanian Socialist League. 
Until he became ill he was the dramatic director of the Biruta Society. He 
is also a good art painter and sculptor. 

LIr. Vargsas emigrated to America from Lithuania about ten years ago. He v/as 
bom in Lithuania in the village of Kelme, county of Raseiniai, and state of 
Kaunas. He is now twenty-eight years old. 

\ I 

II A 5 d (1) 


Lietuva, Lay 28, 191o. 

A Lithuanian vaudeville troupe, consistinc, of three nen and tv/o vjonen, was 
foiTiied last jriday at a neetinc of 3hio --f-p Lithuanian theatrical artists in 
the I.'ilda Theater hall, 3140 3outh Lalstcd Streets This troupe is the first 
of 'o series that is beinc planned for the ■_)urpose of creatine a continuous 
and penaanent Lithuanian vaudeville theater in Chicago. 

Ten of the riost popular Chicago Lithuanian drai.:atic artistry attended the 
meeting;. They all enthusiastically endorsed the idea of establishing; a 
pemanent Lithuanian vaudeville theater, and pronised to help in every possible 




The next r.eeting of the artists vjill take place on Friday, Lay 29, at the 
Lithuanian Theater, 5214 Louth Ilalsted Street. 

II A 5 d (1) 
II A 3 b 


Lietuva, Jan. 15, 1915. 


The Biruta Musical Society has started its New Year activities by staging 
"Nastute" (Nastute, a feminine name), a two-act melodrama, on January 10, 
at Meldazis hall. The play was written by Mr. Grigonis; the music for the 
play was adopted by the famous Chicago Lithuanian musician Anthony Pocius* 

The Biruta Society is generally famous among Chicago Lithuanians for its 
presentation of the more important musical plays* Thanks to the Biruta 
Society, Chicago Lithuanians have had an apportunity to witness the staging 
of a long string of great musical plays. To its many accomplishments over 
a large number of years, the Biruta Society has now added another, the 
staging of "Nastute •'' 

The play deals with the love of "Nastute", a peasant girl, for her lover 
"Petras," who has gone abroad* Much time has elapsed since "Petras" left. 
He has not been heard from. He has either perished or forgot his "Nastute." 

II A 5 d (1) - 2 - LITH[JANIAN 

II A 3 b 

IV Lietuva, Jan, 15, 1915. 

i : V'pi Ok 
The situation appears hopeless. However, **Nastute" does not forget her "'••• ^7 

"Petras#** She thinks and dreams about him day and night* 

In the meantime, penniless '^Nastute" gets an opportunity to marry a rich 
baron. Her mother and others strongly advise her to take advantage of the 
opportunity. '^Nastute" struggles with herself and is unable to make up her 
mind* She finds it impossible to forget the man to whom she has promised 
her heart and soul. Later, during a very critical moment when the earth 
appeared to be moving under her feet, "Petras" returns, and faithful love 
rejoices over its victory. 

The play is very appropriately embellished with music. The music undoubtedly 
adds much color and makes the play more effective. 

The Biruta Society has been surprisingly successful in selecting a very 
suitable cast of players. The following Chicago Lithuanian theatrical artists 
took part in the play: 

II A 5 d (1) - 3 - LITHQ/iMAN 

II A 3 b 


Lietuva , Jan» 15, 1915, 

'^Nastute,'" by Hiss S. Rudauskas; the mother of '^Nastute" by Lliss S. Urbis; 
"Petras,** by Mr* S* Kvietkauskas; the baron by Llr. A, D. Misevicius. 

The acting v;as splendid. The audience behaved unusually v/ell and appeared 
to be deeply impressed with the play. Liany members of the audience v/ere 
moved to the point of tears during the most dramatic moments of the perforat- 

If we would have such splendid performances more often, then it would not be 
necessary for us to complain that our people do not take sufficient interest 
in our theatrical affairs. V/e cannot blame our people for the fact that 
many seats remain unoccupied at our theatrical performances; the blame rests 
with those who present the plays. 



II A 5 d (1) LmnmLUT 

II B 1 c (l) 


Lifttuva, Jan. 23, 1914. 

/cillCAGO PL'.T.raiGHTT' 

The name of J* 2;alpis (Zolp) has been knovm to, or heard of by Chicagoans 
as that of a playivright and the director of the Youth Circle. Under 
his direction the members of the Youth Circle presented his ov/n original 
play ^vVho Is Cuilty?** in Town of Lake January 18«*.t* 

Mr. Zalpis has v/ritten, it seems, about eight plays: "The Vagabond," "V/ith- 
but A Name," "Viho Is Guilty?", and others..*. ♦ 



II A 5 d (1 ) LITHUMIM 

Lietuva, Dec. 15, 1911. 


lUie Birute Society presents a very good spectacle: »»The Coat and the Over- 
coat," by V. Gutovsky, at St. George's Hall, at 32nd Place and Auburn Avenue 
on December 31, at 7:00 P.M. Admission is 25 cents. This play represents 
the real life of Lithuanians in Lithuania in the past. 

It will bring sorrow and tears to you whan you see the actual life of Lithu- 
anians in the past, presented on the stage. If you want to see the real life 
in Lithuania, come to see this great performance. 

II A 5 d (1) 


f ■ 

Lietuva, Oct, 13, 1911 • 


This coming v/inter season, the Dranutic Circle and the local Lithuanian 
Socialist branch .vill v;orI< more intensively in order to uplift the the- 
atrical art a:iong Lithuanians. The Drariatic Circle has great prestige aiaong 
the Lithuanian public for presenting good theatrical plays in the past sev- 
eral years. It is v;ell-knovm that the i^ramatic Circle society has the best 
players and artists. 

The first theatrical scene, '*The Heart of John," will be presented Oct. 14, 
at the Hull House hall. Also, this year t^ere will be presented the well- 
laiovm play "In the Deep" by I^Iaxim GorlQ% the "Resurrection," by K. Jasukaitis, 
and other selected theatrical plays. 

II A 5 d (1 ) 


Lietuva , June 17, 1910. 

, ■ ■ -I 


Tlie comedy '^After-V/ork Feast" has been presented in Chicago for the second 
time**... It \ms originally v/ritten in Polish by J. Korzeniovski and later 
translated into Lithuanian by A. Vegele. In addition to the comedy, Ivlr. M. 
Petrauskas entertained the audience v/ith Lithucuiian dances, songs, and music. 
The presentation took place at the Columbus Theater, June 7. 

The most important actors were M. Horodeckiute, as "Tekle"; V. Brusokas, 
as **Dalsikis"; Butkus, as '^Dalsikis'" son; Vaisviliute, as '^Erazmiene"; P. 
Moskiene, as "Srazmiene^s" daughter; Duda, as ♦'Przeniskevicius"; and 0. 
Kuzmickiute, as "KLiuskauskiene." 

After the play the Birute Chorus sang about six songs under the direction 
of Mr. Petrauskas. .... 

II A 5 d (1) 


Lietuva , Apr. 22, 1910. 


The famous Lithuanian drama, ^The I^qualizer of the 7/orld," or '^Blinda, 
the Samogitian Robber," was presented for the second time on April 17 
by the Birute Society and I^, H. Petrauskas at the )t. George *g Paro- 
chial School Hall* 

The following persons participated in ^'Blinda": K. Baltrusaitis, 
P, otogis, Moskiene, M. Daini jonaitiene, Mickus, Butkus, Zacharevicia, 
Bakutis, ICacevicius, Montviliute, Dudas, Vitkevicius, Jakseviciute, 
Ba::;danaviciuF, Juska, Zilviciute, Brusokas, and others^ 

The net proceeds from the play were given to the Aurora Society. The 
iiall, which is rather large, was full of people, so that there was a 
large profit in spite of the large expenses incurred in presenting a 
play of this kind. 


* ^j 


■ ' * - . 




^.v * 







A. Vocational 
3. Aesthetic 

(!• Theatrical 

(2) Dancing 






--. ^; 

if » 

.vr;. ■.-■4. 


II A 5 d (2) 


Lietuva, Jan. 3, 1913* 


Professor Julius Silsko avows that he can teach young or old to dance. 
J^e promise^ that he xvill teach you to dance the waltz in six different 
ways, ^e says/ that in several evenings you v:ill learn to dance. The 
lessons are given from 7 to 11 P.M. in the evening. Prof. Julius Silsko 
announces that those who v;ant to take dancing lessons during the day can do 
so from 9 A. LI. to 11 P.M. He teaches such dances 'as Buck and 77ing, Buck 
Skirt, Irish Jig, Clog, Spanish ./altz, '/altz, Two Step, Side Step. The 
teachers are Miss xlntanina Kietnier, Hiss Joana 7/alets, and Prof. Julius 
Silsko, 1835 So. lialstr d Street, Chicago. 

B. Avocational and 
1. Aesthetic 
a* Music 






II B 1 a 


II A 3 b 

III c Record Books of Lithuanian Choruses , 1937, in possession of 

Secretary of Lithuanian Choruses, Chicago, 111. 

1. St. Cecilia Choir (Holy Cross Church), V. Daukas leader, 4513 S. Wood St. 

2. Providence of God Choir (Providence of GrOd Church), X. Sabonis leader, 1960 
Canalport Ave. 

3. Our Lady of Vilna Choir (Our Lady of Vilna Church), J. Braijaitis, 2225 S. 

Irving Ave. 

4. St. Gregory Choir, (St. Anthony Church) A. Mondeika leader, 1616 S. 49th St. c^ 
Cicero, 111. 

5. Immaculate Conception Choir (Immaculate Conception Church), Justin Kuderka 
leader, 2636 W. 43rd St. 

6. St. George Choir (St. George Church), Anthony S. Procius, leader, 3252 S. 
Halsted St. 

7. All Saints Choir (All Saints Church), J. Hakauskas leader, 10850 S. State St. 
8* St. Peter & Paul Choir (St. Peter & Paul Church), St. Raila leader 12352 3. 

Halsted St. 
9. St. Joseph Choir (St. Joseph Church) K. Gaukis leader, 7801 S* Morgan St. 
10. Immaculate Conception Choir (Immaculate Conception Church), B. Janusauskas, 
leader, 2259 W. 107th St. 

II B 1 a - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

II A 3 b 

III C Record Books of Lithuanian Choruses, 1937 • 

II, Sasniauskas Llale Chorus, A. L. Pocius, 3252 S. Halsted St. ^ 

12 • Pirmyn (Forward) Chorus, K. Steponavicius, 4142 Archer Ave. ^ 

13. Naujos Gadynes Chorus (New Era Chorus) G. Steponavicius, 4142 Archer Ave, ^ 

14, Birutes Chorus, John M, Byanskas leader, 281 Olmsted Rd, ^ 
15» Juvenile Birute, Miss V, Stradomskaite. "]§ 

16, Aids (Echo) Chorus, Lliss Peciukaite, ^ 

17, Kanklin Misrus Chorus (Harp Mixed Choir) J, Kenstavicius, leader, 3116 S. co 
Halsted St» 

18, Male Chorus, K, Sleponauricius, leader, 4142 Archer Ave. 

19. Leitucos Vycius Chicago Askricio Danios Chorus (Lithuanian Knights, Chicago 
District Dainos Chorus), J. Rakauskas, 10850 S. State St. 

20. Chicago Lithuanian Symphony Orchestra, K. Steponavicius, 4142 Archer Ave. 

21. St. Michael Choir (St. Michael Church, N. Kulys, leader, 1619 N. Damen Ave. 


II B 1 a 



1 c (1) 

Vilnis , Feb. 12, 1926. 


The Kanklu (Lithuanian Guitar) Chorus is now holding three 
song and theatrical rehearsals every week. Director Kvedaras 
and the entire chorus are making intensive preparations to 
present ^Karnivalio Varpai" (Carnival Bells). A beautiful, 
large Chicago theatre has been rented for the presentation 
of the play. 

This chorus, which is the most famous Lithuanian chorus in 
Chicago, is making preparations to present several plays and 
to participate in important programs. 

- 2 - 


Vilnis, Feb, 12, 1926. 

The chorus is naking plans to present ^Is Meiles" (Because of 
Love), in Cicero, 111. 'The chorus will present "Aukso Dievaitis" 
(God of Gk>ld), in Roselind, 111., on April 24. The chorus will 
participate in the program of the International Labor Defense 
on :.:arch 27. 

It is very pleasant to note hov/ hard our proletarian artists 
are working for the benefit of the v;orkins class. 

II 3 1 a LITHU/ilTI AN 

III ^ 

Vllnis . Jan. 19, 1926. 


The Brighton Park and Tovm-of-Lake chapters of the A.Z.V.D* (Children's 
Little Society of the Blossom of Hope) gave a concert on Jan. 16, at the 
ivlc Kinley Park liall. It was probably the nost impressive children's 
concert of the season. All numbers were well executed and enthusiastically 
received by the audience, which filled the hall to capacity. 

The combined choruses of both colonies, consisting of about forty children, 
created a deep impression upon the audience, v/hen they sang the Internationale, 
the anthem of the working class of the v/orld, and a song entitled "The 
Fatherland of Orphans." Two talented Lithuanian girls also moved the 
audience v/ith a song entitled "Sister, \Ihy iire You iad?" Anthony Nauseda 
successfully depicted the life of a prisoner in his jail cell, singing 

II B 1 a 

- 2 - 


Vilnis, Jan. 19, 1926. 

working class sonp^s for confort and to while away the tirae. 

The balance of the pro.'^raj.i consisted of a long string of numbers on the 
piano, individual and group dancing, declamations, and short theatrical 

WPi. o. 




Credit for this highly successful musical and theatrical program must be 
given to Veronica Bigelis, v/ho spent much time and patient effort to train 
the children of botii colonies. In appreciation of her efforts she was 
presented with a beautiful bouquet of flowers tov/ards the end of the 

Miss Bigelis has been training the choruses of the above children's society 

for the past seven years. In ability, talent and results, she occupies 

the foremost position among the Lithuanian music and art teachers in Chicago 


II B 1 a - 3 - LITFnJAI-UAN 

Vilnis, Jan. 19, 1926. 

The entire program was assisted by the -Lithuanian '/orkers String Orchestra. 

In view of the fact that the children's society presents a v/onderful 
opportunity for the development of musical and artistic talent in children, 
it is advisable for Lithuanian parents to enroll thsir children in the 



Vilnis « Jan. 12, 1926. '^^^ 'HJ...,) PROJ 3t;?;'3 



p.3 A book entitled ••Proletaru Dainos** (Proletarian Songs), 

containing a number of selected working class songs has just been published by 
the Lithuanian American Proletarian Art League. It contains nine songs, and 
the price of the book is only fifty cents. These songs are simple, melodious, 
and radiate the typical spirit of the working class. 

Singers and choruses who wish to obtain copies of this book should apply at the 
Central Bureau of the Lithuanian American Proletarian Art League. 

II B 1 a 

II B 1 o (2) 

I E 

Vilnis, Jan. 8, 1926. 

PROGRA:i frl:seiited by children 


p. 5. Last Sunday afternoon the Bridgeport Chapter of the A.Z.V.D. (Children's Little 
Society of the Blossom of Hope) presented a musical program at iieldazis Hall. The 
program consisted of songs, dances, and music. 

The program opened with a scene from the opera, "11 Trovatore." The scene was 
animated by a group of girls who danced and sang. It was one of the most impressive 
parts of the program. 

The above number was followed with recitations and music by the Girls' Chorus. Later 
a violin orchestra consisting only of children rendered a few musical numbers. This 
orchestra has made splendid progress. It was organized only last fall and today is 
capable of taking a leading part in a musical program. That progress is due largely 
to the capable leadership of comrade Br. Kalkis. 

The program continued with various musical and dance numbers by children. At the 
end of the program the entire Lithuanian Children's Chorus, under the leadership of 


II B 1 a 

- 2 - 

Vilnis, Jan. 8, 1926 

o W.rJ. °i) LITHUAfCTAN 

comrade Zarat, ca-ne on the statue and sang a few songs, ending v/ith the International 
song of the working class. Jlere comrade arat v/as presented with a bouquet of flowers 
« as a token of appreciation for her efforts in training the Children's Chorus, 


Comrade Zarat took over the leadership of the Children's Chorus only a few weeks ago 

and nas already developed and trained the children into a wonderful entertaining group. 

Tne program ended shortly after 6:00 Fml. The floor was then cleared of seats and 
made ready for dancing. 

II B 1 a LITHUANIAN/o' ^\ 

Vilnis ^ Vol. VI, I^o. 46, June 9, 1925. 

It is well known to progressive Lithuanian people of Chicago that the 
Children's Society has organized a Young Workers Orchestra. No doubt 
there are many Lithuanian children studying music and playing piano 
or violin; but they are not organized in one group and individually 
they have no chance to appear before the public to show their talents 
in the field of music. 

In order to keep their interest in music, they must organize into a 
musical group and be given the opportunity to appear before the public 
once in a while. There are many bright and talented children who love 
music, but in time they lose their interest in it and finally stop 
playing altogether. If anybody understands a child's psychology, he 
v/ill know that children like to show their talents to those who are 
interested in their efforts. The Young Workers' Orchestra, which has 

II B 1 a 

- 2 - 

Vilnis, Vol, VI, No. 46, June 9, 1925. 


c 1 

just been organized, will help and inspire those who are interested 
in music. This organization will be an inspiration and it will en- 
courage young folks to study music. This orchestra made plans for 
concerts and arranged a diverse program for the concerts which will 
be held in the near future. The opportunity to take part on the pro- 
gram will be given to all children according to their ability and 
classification. In addition to the orchestra, singers will have an 
opportunity also. The singing group will be divided into three cate- 
gories: duets, quartets and solo singers. 

We believe that our cooperation will give our youth more energy and 
a greater inspiration to work more energetically in the field of 
music. If we don't take an interest in their work, they lose their 
love for music and cease studying it completely. We must make every 
effort to help and encourage them to study music, not only for pleasure's 
sake, but also to become professional artists in that field. 

II B 1 a 

- 3 - 

Vilnis, Vol, VI, No, 46^ June S, 1925 


In the future we will have many good artists in different fields of 
music, such as soloists, violinists, pianists, and even symphony 

{ ^ u - 1 ^ 


Besides the orchestra there will be elementary instruction given in 
the theory of music and the children wi^l be taught to play various 
instruments, such as violin, piano and brass instruments* We will 
also have a special instructor for vocal training, who will give 
proper instruction and teach our children singing. 

Those who want to play in the orchestra must know the scales at least 
up to four sharps, flats and time, in order to play first position 
well* Our greatest desire is to urge those children who have been 
studying music to join this orchestra as soon as possible and don't 
delay any longer. There is a golden opportunity for your children 
to continue their study in music. We urge every father and mother to 



II B 1 a -4- LITHUMIAlT 'y^ip^ c_ 

Vilnis , Vol. VI, No. 46, June 9, 1925. xj^ 

give his child the opportunity to study music and singing and by 
joining this organization your children will derive many benefits 
by associating with nice children and at the same time they will 
be studying music* 

The instruction in music will be given all summer in order to pre- 
pare children for the concert which will be given this fall at the 
Lithuanian Auditorium. 

Instruction on music will be given every Friday from 6 to 8 P# M* 
at the Mark White Square Park, 30th St* and Halsted* 

II B 1 a 


g II B 1 (1) 

II B 2 d (1) 

Vilnis, Vol* VI t Jan. 13, 1925* 



The time set for the election of the officers of the Central Bureau of 
Administration is at its close. Have all branches, such as choirs, drama* 
tic clubs, circles, and "The Bud of Flower Society," voted in this 
election? If not, do so, as the Central Bureau wants to publish the 
correct and actual report • 

The new songs are ready* Each choir affiliated with the Arts Alliance, 
which paid its annual dues for 1924, will receive these new songs 
entirely free# Distribution of these songs will start within two weeks, 
but if secretaries of choirs, etc., have given their correct addresses 
to the Central Bureau and the songs are not received by January 24, 
write to the Central Bureau about it« 

i II B 1 


- P - 


II B 1 c 


Vllnist Vol* VI, Jan. 13f 192:;. 

'Budding Flower of Youth Society" members belonging to the American-Lithu- 
anian Alliance of Proletarian Art, will receive free a copy of the the- 
atrical play, "The 'J^lnner is Labor." They v/ill also receive a few copies 
of the new songs. This theatrical play is not hard to learn. Additional 
books of this play are 3^^ each. 

To theatrical clubs or drainat^c circles we Cixn give nothing at present. 
V«e have tried hard to prepare some j,lays, but for certain reasons we 
were 'onablc to publish them. 

For the following season we will have a whole line of very good and 
nice plays, as frie-.ds of "Letpropoets" (Lithuanian Proletarian Poets) 
have sent us a whole bunch of dramas and comedies in Russian, part of 
whicn the Central Bureau ht.s decided to translate, and about mid-sa; 
we will try to publish them. 

I II D 1 a 
Jll B 1 c (1) 

- J - 


Vilnist Vol. VI, Jan* 13. 1923* 

The Central Bureau v;as unable to functioa properly because lust year was 
a year of or-arxization» The pro^^ra.ii for the year of 19^5 wi 1 be published 
later* The Central Bureau is ready with new plays and a better fundauiental 
study of proletarian art for the year of 1325* It is also ready to bring 
proletarian art into life, ^.d by thij to wage a bitter struggle against 
the "white* art. The Bureau anticipates the increase of membership in our 

The next issue of Vilnis v/illbe very interesting. Everyone should read 
our publications. Intliis issue will be publisned articles of prominent 
writers, such as V. Zalionis and F. -rt^ushrotas, from Russia. Other friends 
of our 'rt.iiitince are invited to v/rite to our publications. 

(signed) J. Pakaushis 

10831 Indiana Avenue 





II 3 1 a 


IV Liatuva, Dqc. 11, 191B, 


A concert for the benefit o- Lithuanian independence v;as IvjIu at the :.:ilda 
Hall last ni,c^ht. jro::i an artistic point of viow, the concert v/as riost nat- 

::i3S ;:arion Icakaushas san^ -Donizetti* s aria, ^'0 Ilio .j;riiando,' and tv/o co:a- 
positlons hy dtasyu ^irirus, ^'?la .'.:ia .3au Laivelis'^ Z-'^^- ^-O-^ ^^^ ^ailirvi/ 
and 'Tanylo.'au Vakar^' JJ Tovod, Yosterdav/. ,,t the iiisistoncG of th3 au- 
dience she repeated the last sonr;;. 

Ilr. 3tas:-.'5 -^i!i>:us -r^layec*. his ovm '» aidant o ion'.to J nol,"' and other coMpo- 
sitions on jhe piano, ilic distin^'^uished co .i^Ooor played porfectly, but 
witiiout feeling. It v;as a -parent that he was not foolinr; v/ell. In fact, 
during the intarnission . rs. ::, Dami.lonaitis juniounced ti^t "'r. jinl:us 
v;ould not speah (as he had boon expected to do) because he v;as indis-oosed, 

r -» 

II B 1 a - 2 - LIIIIU.UIL1 

I III il 

lY L JQtuva , Doc. 11, 191G. 

but that lio v/ould play ins toad. 

ThJre v;as dancing after the nrograra. The audionce was not verv large. 



II B 1 a 

II B 1 c (1) 

Lietuva, Oct. 26, 1917. 



Last ounday, October 21, the Biruta lylusic and Dramatic Society staged a one- p 
act operetta, "Sienapjute'* (Harvest Time), in the L. S • P. 3. Hall. The Hall '^ 
was crowded to capacitor — proof that Lithuanians like musical plays. The Biruta g 
Society as usual did not disappoint the audience — the performance was excellent. 

The leadin(3 role of 'V-ildona" was played by Lliss Larion Rakauskas, whose singing 
thrilled the audience. ;.:r. J. J. Zolpis played the role of "Andrius Masulis"; 
he did not have much time to prepare for the role, but did very well. Miss 
Staniulis, who has a very beautiful voice, played the role of "Stepas Yuska'*. 
The Biruta Chorus also sang very v;ell, although the best members of the Chorus 
are nov/ in the United States Army. 

The affair v/as also a financial success in spite of the great expense of 
presenting the play. 




LietuTO, May 13, 1917. 


Last Sunday afternoon and evening, May 13, the Knights of Lithuania Chorus 
gave a concert at the fieldhouse of Mark .Vhite Square, 29th and Ilalsted 
Streets. Every seat and every bit of standing room were occupied by the 
large crowd that attended. Many people were turned away at the door because 
of lack of room in the hall. 


The director of the concert was Anthony S. Pocius, well-known Chicago 

Lithuanian musical artist. The Chorus is a highly finished group, and for § 

that reason the audience was greatly pleased with the concert. 


The concert began at 4 P. M. with the Choms singing ''Lietuva Tevyne Musu** S 
(Lithuania Our Fatherland), the Lithuanian national anthem. Then followed 
a duet, ^Da Pacem Domine,** by Ona Pocius and M. Janusauskas; they received 
tremendous applause. Another feature of the program was a song from "Lucia," 



Lletuva > May 18, 1917. 

sung by a sextet composed of lira. Ona Pocius, Mrs. M. Janusauskas, Mr. J. 
Kudirka, Mr. J. Balsis, l^. A. Pocius, and Llr. Kazanauskas. 




IT D 10 

III B 2 Li etuva , Feb. 16, 1917. 

IT A 2 


I G 

TV In spite of the very cold weather a larr:e crowd attended the concert 

which was given by the Federation of Chicago Lithuanian Societies 
at Pulaski Hall, Ashland Avenue near 18th Street, last Sunday evening February 11* 
The weather was so cold that several Lithuanians remarked that only a dog who 
had been chased out of the house would have remained out-of-doors. 

TSiose who braved the extreme cold v;ere not disappointed because the concert was -a 

excellent. The arrangement committee was successful in engaging the best Chicago o 

Lithuanian singers, musicians, and orators to participate in the program. Every L> 

number of the long musical program was excellently rendered. However, because i:;^ 
we must conserve space we can only give a general description of the OTOgram. 

First of all we commend the Peter SarT>alius Orchestra which really deserves 
praise. This Orchestra devoted much time and energy to preparing for this 
concert. 7/e can say without hesitation that this is probably the first time 
we have had the opportunity of hearing a real Lithuanian orchestra which is 

worthy of its name. The Orchestra successfully played a difficult classical 


II B 1 a 

II D 10 

III B 2 

II A 2 


T G 



Lietuva, Feb. 16, 1917. 

niiraber, '^Rigoletto,** from the opera by Verdi; it also accompanied 
all the ether mu.sical nambers on the prop:ram. 

Such an aggre^^ation may proudly play anywhere. Tlie honor for the 
success of this orchestra belon/7s to Peter Sarr^allus who has devoted his time 
and his energy to the training and the perfecting of the orchestra. 

The song profi^ram was full, well selected, and v;ell rendered, which should have 
been expected in viev/ of the fact that the sonp^s were delivered by such artists 
as Karolis Sarr^alius, Frank Jnkutis, J. J. Zolpis, and Miss M. Rakauskas. 

The more ¥iss Rakauskas appecurs on the stage the better she is liked by the 
audiences. Her increasing rx^Dularity is due to her mellow voice and the lively 
and .passionate manner in which she sings. She is always one of the most inter- 
esting personalities of any nrogram on which she aT)pears. 

Mr. Frank Jakutis has been singing to Lithuanian audiences for many years and 
is well known to the T^ublic. During thjs concert he almost started a '^revolu- 
tion'* in the audience. After he had sung two sonp-s the audience would not 



II B 1 a 

II D 10 

III B 2 

II A 2 


I G 


- 3 - LnHPAMIAH 

Lietuva, Feb. 16, 1917. 

pemit him to leave the stage until he had complied v/ith two 
of their requests for encores. 

Karolis Sarpalius, the talented youngest son of the Sarpalius 
family of Chicago, possesses an unusually beautiful baritone voice. Mr. K. ^ 
Sarpalius is still a young man and, if he continues to train his voice properly,"^ 
he may anticipate a great future. His voice is undoubtedly rich and of a high .^ 
quality. P 

It would be a real omission if Mr. J. J. Zolpis and the Harmony Chorus which 
he directs were not mentioned. He sang the song "Meile" (Love) by Aleksan- 
dravicius, which is one of the most beautiful Lithuanian songs. Vir. Zolpis, 


who has a rich voice gave a beautiful and emotional rendition of that song. Di 
His Harmony Chorus, which sang a few songs, also made a deep impression on the 
audience. The Harmony Chorus is composed entirely of young Lithuanian men. 
The writer has never heard a better chorus, either in Chicago or in other 
Lithuanian- American colonies. If there is a better chorus the writer would 
like to hear it. It is being rumored that Mr. Zolpis, although busy training 
his own voice, gives his time and energy to the training of voices of his young 

TT D 10 

ITT B 2 

TT A 2 


I Pr 


TT B 1 a - 4 - TJTOT^A^^TATT 

Lletuva , Feb. 16, 1917. 

chorus meinbers. 'Vith such unselfish enthusiasm there can be no 
doubt that the ^Tarmony Chorus v;ill reach still greater heip:hts 
in the future. 

Vincent Sar-nalius, the third Sarpalius brother, rendered on the piano the very 
soul-stirring ^Prelude** by Rachmaninov. F= 

The program opened with the singing of "^The Star-r^pan^led banner," the American 3 
National Anthem, and ended with the si^tfing of ^Tietuva Tev^me I'usu'^ ("''ithuania 2 
Our Fatherland) , National Anthem of Lithuania. 

During an intermission period of the program Mr. Bruno K. Balutis, editor of the 
Lietuva, delivered an oration. The theme of his talk was the words of Abraham 
Lincoln, '^Let us believe that honesty creates strength, and in so believing let 
us dare to fulfill our duties as we understand them — until the end.*' 

The speaker reminded the audience that the following day, February IS, was 
Lincoln* s birthday. He ex"Dlained the duties of Lithuanian-Americans, as 



IT B 1 a - 5 - LTTF^A^TIM 

IT D 10 

ITT B 2 Li etuva , Feb. 16, 1917. 

IT A 2 

ITT H citizens of the TTnited States and as sons of our fatherland, 
I (1 Lithuania. 

TV ^ ^ 

After the propram dancing war. enjo^'ed. Although the attendance S 
would have been much larp^er if the v/eather had been more favorable a fairly ^ 
large profit is expected from the affair. r^ 

This concert was sponsored by more than fifty Chicaf^o Tithuanian orp^anizations, o 

all members of the Federation of Chicago Lithuanian Societies, which w?^s formed ^.o 

the latter part of last vear for the -nurnose of raisin^r funds for the relief S 

of the war-stricken people of Lithuania. The proceeds from this affair will --"* 
go for Lithuanian war relief. 

All participants in the "orop^ram donated their time and their talents, ^"^anv 
Chicago merchants, in support of the humanitarian Tourr^ose of the concert, 
donated one or two dollars so that their namer. might appear on the printed 
program of the concert. 

II B 1 a 



Lietuva, Dec. 15, 1916 • 


The Chicago district chorus of the Knights of Lithuania, a nation-v;ide 
Lithuanian Catholic youth organization, gave a concert last Sunday at St. 
George^s Parish Hall, 32nd Place and Auburn ^ow LituanicaT* Avenue. 
Mr. Anthony Pocius, president of the Beethoven Conservatory of Music, 
directs the chorus. 

1 — 

Generally speaking, the concert was a success. Some of the numbers were 
excellently rendered, but others were rather weakly performed, probably 
because the chorus is comparatively young. The membership is quite large, 
and it is believed that the chorus will develop into an excellent singing 
group after a few more years of activity. 

The concert attracted a capacity crowd that seemed to be well pleased with 
the program. 







III B 2 

Naujlenos , Apr. 19, 1916. 


On Sunday, April 23, Branch No. 9 of the Progressive Lithuanian V/omen^s Asso- 
ciation gave a concert in I.'eldazis Hall, 2242 jest 23rd Place. It was the 
first affair given by this Branch of the Association. The program was very '^ 
interesting, and many people had the opportunity of hearing and enjoying the L- 
singing of Mrs. Nora Gu^^is (nee Pricevicius) • A trio, consisting of P. V. ^ 
Sarpalius, D. Paculat, and V. K. Sarpalius, sang very beautifully. The pro- 2 
gram included son£;s by a Lithuanian quartette and others. The most inter- ^ 
esting number of the evening was the singing and dancing of three young '^ 
Lithuanian girls. It is a irreat honor to parents who teach their children 
to perform so beautifully. The singing and dancing of a Russian balalaika 
orchestra was most enjoyable. Mr. A. Gubka sang a Russian solo. The balance 
of the program consisted of declamations, recitations, and a monologue 
entitled ^Motina^ (Llother). 

The affair was a success in every way. This concert will not only strengthen 


II B 1 a - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

III B 2 

Naujienos , Apr. 19, 1916. 

the Branch financially, but will also add many new merabers to the organiza- 







ITaujienos , Liar* 16, 1916. 
!T2\7 CHORUo CRa^'IZjiD 

A new singing r^roup, the Banga Chorus, has been organized in the 18th Street 
district. The first rehearsal will be held on Thursday night, Llarch 16, at 
8 ?• I.I#, in the Henry Booth House, 14th Street and Union .xvenue. /dl lovers 
of song are invited to attend. 



II B 1 a 
I B 4 


Lietu.'a, jeb, 11, 1916, 

T}ie 3irute Board 

On i'^ebruar^r 11 at I-ar': .<T.ite o^uare Park Hall, Birute villi have its first 
practice in prepai'ation for the co: cert v;hich v;ill bo f-iven in Lent, On 
the follovrin>^ Tuesday tlie ..irute choir ::i. -ers vrill begin attendin.^ the 
consei^vator^.'' 'Jhore ..r. .-x. Pociuc ;;ili teaci: sin -in--. 

Those 7;ho vr:int to ^participate in the concert ^': .ic>. :7ill bi ,-iven in Lent, 
are to receive sin-in- lessons at the conservatory f:ree, are aslced to cone 
this jriday and Join '.irute and oo^un studyin" sin In- :;ith the others. 
Birute siri^e-*s musi not i:iss a lesson; this ap^'lios also to those v;ho v;ant 
to join this choir. 


II B 1 a 


Lietuva, Feb. 4, 1916. 


The Birute Society V7ill give its second perfomiance of this season on Feb- 
ruary 6. For the first tine in Chicago the humorous operetta, "The Be- 
witched Duke," will be presented. 

Chicago Lithuanians have not yet forgotten the first Birute concert of 
this season, one of the best that they have ever heard. Now this second 
performance, the operetta, as much as we can judge from the preparations 
being made for it by the Birute artists, will be a great surprise to the 
public. At this performance entirely new decorative scenery and new songs 
will be used, and the artists have received first class training from Mr. 
A. Vitkauskas. 

The performance v/ill be given at St. George's Hall, Bridgeport, at 7 F. M. 
After the operetta, there v/ill be dancing. 

II B 1 a 


III 3 2 

Lietuva , Jen. P.l, 1916« 


Last Friday eveninc, the Birute Sim^inp Society c^ve a concert v-^it Hark V.Tiite 
Square Hall. -Ifter the concert, v;ere dances. This is the second concert 
Binite has given to the public free of charre. 

The Birute is preparing to present a play, "The Bevritched Duke," on February 
6, at St. aeorge's Parish Kail. 

^ h 




• \ 

( ' 

V '^ 

II B 1 a LITliUiiNIiiN 

III B 2 

Lietuva, Jan. 7, 1916. 


The Birute concert, which gi\ea on the becond day of the Ghrist.ias holiday 
at St. George* s Parish Hall, liked so v.eli by the audience that they l 
demanded another such concert. The next concert, with tlie sa-ne program, will 
be give.i at the iviark V,Tiite Square Park Hall, on the fourteenth of this ..lonth. 
It iA(ill start at eight o'clock; adiaission free, rill lovers of good songs are 


1 a 

II 3 

1 c (1) 


■ietuva, Cct. 1, 1915, 

^X^vL I^i .>^\-»j-.j-. U*-j-.0 O jilo-.- 

a L- J KJK.L 'J i^L 1- 

Last Sunday, in "t. '^roovre^ 3 parish hall, the ^-iruta linpinr^ and Dramatic 
Society rave a nusical concert and rrocra"-! v/hieh was the first public ac- 
tivit:^ of the Icciet:'- this fall. An unusually larre crowd attended. 

T3esides the nusical prorra.'^ there v/ore orations an^ the presentation of a 
Tnonolor-ue. ^'r. j'rank P.utkus, f^'^ president of the Society, explained in 
an address what an important role f^^e Societ;^'' is playin.':: in the life of our 
youth, ""e urf^ed parents to encourare their children to join the Society. 
It was learned from his talk that the Society is now enterinr its eiv^hth 
vear of existence. It was oririnallv orr^anized and established bv ^'ikas 
Petrauskas, famous Lithuanian musical artist and composer, ''r. Anthony rocjus, 
director of the Biruta Chorus, delivered a talk on the subject of music. Dr. 
K. Dran.^elis, the present nresjdent of the Society, also spoke. A monolorue 
entitled "Ispanai" (Spaniards) was nresented as the final nimber ^n the nrorram. 

II B 1 a 


II B 1 c (3) 

II D 10 Lietuva, Llay 14, 1915. 




A gigantic international choral contest is being planned in Chicago. It 
is scheduled to take place sonetime during the middle of the month of June. The 
proceeds from the contest v;ill be used for the relief of Polish war victims in 

Choral groups of eighteen or ti.^^nty different nationalities will participate in 
the contest. The vanning group vill receive a prize of five hundred dollars. The 
judge of the contest will probably be Paderev/ski, world famous pianist. 

The Biruta Chorus received an invitation to participate in the contest. The 
invitation was sent to Lr. .'jithony Pocius, director of the Chorus. 

At first it was believed that the contest was being planned only by the Poles 
and that only Polish choral groups would participate. For that reason Llr. Pocius 

II 3 1 a - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

II B 1 c {6} 

II D 10 Lietuva, May 14, 1915. 


I G and other menbers of the ^iruta Chorus declined to accept an invitation 

IV to participate in such a contest. However, further inquiry revealed 
that all national groups in Chicago have been invited to participate 

in the contest. 

:v!r. Butkus, who is president of the Biruta Society, was appointed to contact the 
arrangements committee of the contest. He explained to the committee that 
Lithuanian war victims are also in need of relief and requested that a part of 
the proceeds from the contest go toward the relief of war victims in Lithuania. 
It was agreed that sixty per cent of the price of every ticket sold by the 
Lithuanians shall p:o toward the relief of Lithuanian war victims. ::r. Butkus 
recommended tliat this money be equally apportioned among the three Lithuanian war 
relief funds that have been set up by the three different Lithuanian factions 
in Chicago. 

However, it has not yet been definitely decided whether the Biruta Chorus will 
participate in the contest. 


II B 1 a 
I B 1 

I S 

Nau.jienos, Jan. 19, 1915 





r).4»... The 174th chapter of the Lithuanian Socialist League presented a concert 
and entertainment on Sunday, Jan. 17, in tae Brighton Park Lithuanian colony. 

Owing to the fact that uhere are no halls separate from saloons in this 
community, tne concert had to be held in a hall in connection witii a saloon. 

A large crov/d from all parts oi' tne city -assembled. However, because the 
hall was corrected with a saloon the people soon uecame slaves of the saloon. 
2ven those v/ho were to oarticipate in the program faile • to refrain from an 
over-indulgence in drinks. 

kembers of the I.orth Side Choir, while seated in the audience awaiting their 
turn to go on the stage, started singing wnile the program was going on. Then 
a large part of the audience joined in the singing, thus disrupting the program. 

- 2 - 


Mau.iienos , tJan •19,1915. 

When the program director appealed for oraer in uhe audience then the 
bedlam increased, forcing the discontinuation of the program. 

iiy holding concerts in sitloons we are disgracing our nationality and aoing 
great harm to ourselves. The practice shoulc; be discontinued at once. 

II B 1 a 

II B 1 


c (2) 


Naujienos, Jan.lL,1915. 


p,3.,,. The l^usic and Dramatic Society of Independent Young Lithuanians elected 
new officers when it met at Auburn Ave. and 33rd Pl.j Jan. 13th. 

A detailed report WaS read to the members on last year's activities of the 
society. The aims of the society were reiterated. In the main, the society 
aims to promote lofty ideals among the members and Lithuanians in general, 
especially through the medium of good music and dramatic productions. The 
society also renders moral support to socialist and other working class 

The newly elected officers declared that they would strive to continue and 
promote the present policies of the society. 

Plans were made and discussed for the presentation of a three act drama 
entitled "Kova'* (The struggle) on Feb. 7, at Meldasiz Hall. 


Nau.iienos < Jan ,15, 1915. 

It was decided to send a letter of thanks to Leo Ereminas, Brooklyn, N#Y# 
for nis new musical compositions, which he presented to zhe society, a 
decision was also made to donate i^lO.v^O to Mr. Sreminas towards assisting hii. 
in the publication of his new musical compositions collection. 

II B 1 a 
II L) 10 
I B 1 Nau.iienos, Jan. 5, 1915. 


p. 4..., The Kudirka Choral Society entertained Chicago Lithuanians on New Year's 
Eve with a concert at l^eldazis Hall. The program consi::ted of songs, music and 
monologues. It was a most successful eve ing and everybody had a good time. 

A large crowd attended. The audience was well balanced, because no intoxicating 
drinks were sold during the program. 

At its pre-annual meeting on Dec. 27th, this society donated $25.00 from its 
treasurery for the relief of war refugees ^n Lithuania. 

■^ W.Fi, o. 


II B 1 a LI^^.JXl]I 

1 lietuva , Dec. 18, 1914. 

;.t the unnual rieetin:: of the Biruto i:anl:lerr', before the election of nev; 
* of f icorn vjas l.eld, the ner.bers discur.Gcd various rieans of achievinf the 
airis of the froup. /Translator' c note: The Hankie in tlie ancient Lithuanian 
folk instnirnent. 'fl^e lianklern v:ere an orr-anization of Lithuanian strinr 
inrtnii'ient plavers^J^ 



The rteetin;: wan attended by Ilr, Butkns, president of the Birjte society, 
?;ho liad T:)revionslv snoken to the KJinklern about or -anizin.^"^ a nusical branch 
^.in the Bimte Bociety, .^fter he had diaclonod the conditions offered by ^ 

«the Society, the ijinlrlers unaninously voted to becoiie active nenbers of the 
^irj.te .iociet^r. Therefore, as you r^ee^ the Birnto Society ir nov.^ foundinr 
^. third branch: the firrt is the sin::err.^*, tlie second is the drafuiitic f^oup, 
tthe tirird is -che instrunental. In this narjier '\n opportiinit3'' is offered to 
every Lithu'-'nian youn,': ^^^n and v;oiiiLLn to part j.eip.ato and to find a suitable 

II 3 1 a - •: - j.i^r^-^::.:TLJi 

Liotuv a , ')eo. 1'.^, 1914. 

f^lacc riri the field of rnanic for hiiar,olf or lierself. 

The follovin'^ instrunents are -t prcGent iricludod in the instriii.iental nroup: 
n-indolins, balnlai^cas, and iiltars. If ot;ierr desire to join, more instru- 
liients vjill be added. 

f -* 

The follov/in^: v;ero elected officern: J. Ka7/.nausha5, president; Lr. .^Izber.jas, ^'- 

secretary; .Ir. ?^dvilavici:i, tro-'S-i^rer; !.r. Jodie, direCT.or. -^ 


'T}ie ?.iriite I/.^nl-rlorn hold their ..eetiiy-'F: every '.'.'^".ursdav at 8 P. ■ ., in the ^ 

SFxill' hall of tlie IleldazlG I^iil.din •. Tlioco v;i;:hin:* to join are invited to .-^^ 



. II B 1 a 


I D 2 a (2) 


Lietuv a. Oct. 2, 1914. 


The Lithuanian Printers Alliance of America hell its first gathering at 
the 3t. Geor^-e Parish Ilall last Saturday. Tlie procrari consisted of mu- 
sical numbers and recit.Htlons* Four ciioruses participated in the program: <ii 
the chorus of the Young Lithuanian-;\moricans* National Club; the Lith- F" 
uanian Socialist .-illiance, Lod^^e 81, Chorus; tlie Free Youth Chorus, and ^ 
the Lithuanian Socialist l£ile Chorus. The first is directed by I.Ir. Girnius, o 
the other three by J. Katilius. ^ 


Young Edward Pajauskas played a few niuibers on the piano in beautiful <^ 
style. Little Bigelis and his sister played "^Gypsy Dance" on the piano 
and violin. J. Jankauskas and Juozaitis gave recitations. There was 
dancing to the Sarpjilius Brothers' orchestra after the program. A flash- 
light photo of the v/hola group was taken after the grand march. The pro- 
gram v'/as well orf-anized. J. PClevas v/as master of cere::x)nies. 


II 3 1 a 
I D 2 a (2) 

Lietuva, Oct. 2, 1914. 


The at .endance v.^s lar^e and it is said the sponsors iiade a profit of 
more than a hundred do liar s* 




II B 1 a 

LriTTU. J'l, JT 

Liptuva , Lct, 2f 1914. 

"T^{:^ CHII.iTirf J.:.^^ .I'D T^-L riLL'C:^" e;i: JK,^ ST viT^C 

The Birute Jociety presented trie opere^.ta, ''The OiiiimiGy ov/eop and I'iller," 
at the ot. Geor^-e Parish :Iall last ounv^ .7. 'rhe i;iusic for this operetta xias 
v/ritten by II. Petrauskas. Tho presentation oJ uhe operetta ca::io orr better 
than exoected since verv little tine had been silent reliearsinr; it. But, 
nevertheless, the in'denuacy of prepar-itiun v/as evident. It can be expected 
that the Birute Jociety, the jtron^-est and probably i.he lar.^i:e3t dramatic 
organization in GhicL.^^o, v.lll overcone the deficiencies v/hich are still to 
be seen here and there. It is easily possible Tor the iociet:/- to do this, 
for it has the resources for this purpose. 

Therefore, r.he presentation can be callea successful. Only one fault nade 
a bad iinpression on the audience. Th.-it v:as the inadequacy of the orchestra. 
It is difficult to say v/hether this v/as due to an usser.ibly of poor riusicians, 
or to a poor selection of instruments. Most likely it v/as both. It is /^ 



if 5 m. o], 


II B 1 a - 2 - LIi'I-LU:i-J' 


Lietuva, Oct. 2, 1^-14, 

necessar:/' th-it orchestras play soitiy ror ^uch operettas as ^^The Ohirmey 
JifVeep and the Ililler," especially if the sin':*ers* voices are not very stronr. 
In this case even a troinbone v/as includeu in the orchestra (ana luore neces- 
sar;^^ inotruraents v;ere oi-dtted). 'I'he trombone v;as veiv evident because "uhe 
musician apparently aoes not ::no*; the airrerence betv/oen *'forte" and 
''pianissimo,*' Because oi* tliis the inusic sounded soiiewhat strange in spots. 

Of course, this does not a. ply to the actors themselves. The i.usicians, 
V7e were told, liad been hired only xor that eveninr:. I.evertneless, sponsors 
of pro.Tcuns should devote more attention to orchestras and demand more from 
them. In m.usical presentations, orchestras are extre:.iel3^ important and, if 
they are not capable, 'ill of the efforts of the sponsors f^,o for nau^^ht. I'Ylq 
Birute Society unaoubtedly v;ill do away v.lth such shortcomings in the future^ 
A lar^e audience was present. 

', o 

II B 1 a 

I E 


Nau Jienos , Hay 27 « 1914* 


^0 '. ^ 

On Saturday^ May 23, eight choirs of Chicago held a conference* At this 
conference there were twenty delegates* The main topic discussed was 
whether the choirs should form a non-partisan organisation or one that 
would adopt some definite attitude in regard to politics* This question 
was submitted to the delegates to decide for themselTOs by voting* After 
counting the votes, we found that fifteen votes were in favor of being 
connected with a political party and five votes flavored a non-partisan 
attitude* At this conference two different parties were represented, 
the Socialist Party and the Progressive Party* The majority of delegates 
at this conference flavored the Socialist Party* The Socialist Party dele- 
gates voted unanimously and showed their strength by eui overwhelming vote* 
Mow there is another question* What name are we going to give this alliance? 
This question created many arguments among delegates, for they could not 
agree on the new name for this alliance* One suggestion was made to name 
the alliance the Lithtianian Alliance of America Socialist Choirs* Seme 

II B 1 a - 2 • LITHUAl^I AH 

Haujlanoa ^ May 27^ 1914« 

of the monibers opposed the word Sooiallst and requested its rejection^ but 

the majority TOted for retaining the name without making any ohange* Ten 

votes were oast in favor of aocepting Hie name as it is, and nine votes 

were against it« But the majority won and the name will remain as **Lithuanian 

Alliance of America Socialist Choirs •** A suggestion was made to elect one 

delegate from each choir for making the constitution for this new organi- 

sation« Two temporary organisers were elected, J. Uktueris (Kusmickis) 

and secretary J« Jankauskas* Mr« J« Eatilius was elected as a member of 

the executive board, whose duties are to contact the composers and provide | 

this organisation with the latest Lithuanian songs* 

At this conference a great advance has been made by uniting all choirs 
into one organisation* The delegates who were sent to this conference 
have accomplished a very important task which was entrusted to them* We 
hope this organization will continue to exist for a good many years# 

II B 1 a 
II B 2 f 


liauiienos. Vol. I, iio» 13, Ivlay 20, 1914, ■ -. ^ ;:,,, . ; -s 


The Aurora Society held its concert last Saturday evening, Llay 16, at 
the Meldazis Hall on the V/est Side. Five well-knovm. Lithuanian choirs 
participated in the concert that evening: The Lithuanian Imticnal Choir 
Birute, the Lithuanian Socialist Alliance Local 81st Choir, the Pro- 
gressive Youth Choir, the Ruta (Rue) Choir, and the Lithuanian Socialist 
Men's Choir, The Lithuanian band Lietuva furnished the music at the con- 

Various prizes were given to the best students from the Aurora School, 
located at 30th and Hals ted Sts# The concert was followed by an enter- 
tainment and dance. The audience, which was unusually large, was well • 
pleased with the pro- ram. 

We want to mention the names of the students who received prizes for 
their good work at school. Seven men and two r;irls received prizes at 
the concert. 

II B 1 a - 2 - LITHIMIAN 

II B 2 f 

jMaujienos ^ Vol. I, I^o. 13, Llay 20, 1914 • 

The names of the students who received prizes are as follcrv/: Theodore 
Daugenas and Zenonas Stogis received a prize for mechanical drawing; 
George Ziuzda received a prize for being the best student in algebra* 
T, Daugenas, Miss Salome Stasiukyte and Lliss Elizabeth Petronyte 
received prizes for being the best students in arithmetic; Anthony 
Zilvitis, John Viackis, Charles Baltas, Victor Balciunas and liiss 
Elizabeth Petronyte received prizes for being the best students in 
the English Ian ^ age. 

Thus the Aurora School ended its session* 

II B 1 a 


Lietuva, Apr. 24, 1914. 



Last 7;ednesday, the Vytautas Chorus No. 1, under the direction of Peter 
Sarpalius, gave a concert at the Davis Scuare Hall, in Tovm of Lake...., 

kj J 

II D 1 a 

Lietuva, Apr. 5, 1914. 



An organ recital was presented last Sunday at Hull House b27 our vrell-lcnown 
artist, A. Pocius, and Miss 0. Iilimavicius. The program was artistically- 
presented and music lovers wer^ delighted with it. 


II B 1 a 

II B 1 c (1) 



Lietuva , Sept. 26, 1913. 




( ■•■ 


On September 21, the Birute Choir celebrated its fifth year of existence. 

In reality this celebration should have been held last spring, but for certain 

reasons, it was postponed to this autumn. Last Sunday was the cultural holiday 

of this society* !Vhile reviewing the Birute Society's cultural activity 

in the past, we cannot pass without mentioning this celebration. The Birute* s 

cultural activity in the past and present, deserves the gratitude of the 

people. The large audience, close to eight hundred people, proved by its 

attendance that it did not forget to appreciate the benevolent cultural work 

of the Birute Choir, and those v^ho are working for the benefit of the choir. 

The program of this holiday consisted of two short speeches, and a two-act 
melodrama ^♦Birute," written by Zamkalnis. The music of the melodrama was 
composed by Mikas Petrauskas. The first speaker was Wr. J. Ilgaudas, 
president of the Birute Choir. In his short talk he reviewed the history of 
the Birute Choir, why it came into existence, and the sufferings which it had 
borne until this young choir was placed on a sound foundation. The second 

II B 1 a - 2 - LITBJmim ■-- 

II B 1 c (1) • 

III B 2 Lletuva, S er>t> 26, 1913. ' r^ S' 

IV ^ ,: 
speaker was L'r. Pranas Butk\is, president of the Birute Society^s - -" 

dramatic section. He spoke on the aims of this society and its sig- 
nificance to the Lithuanian people. In his enthusiastic speech, he told the 
audience v/hat benefits they are deriving from the Birute' s cultural activity. 
He especially stressed vdiat a {^reat benefit the Birute is to Lithuanian 
youth. He urged the parents to pay more attention to this society, and to 
come to a closer understanding and relation with it. The program was con- 
cluded with the performance of the melodrama '^Birute**. 

There is no need of repeating the story of the r.ielodrama, as every Lithuanian 
has read the play, or knows its historical background. But it should be men- 
tioned that the performance was good. I have seen this play several times 
before, and I must admit that this performance was a big surprise to me. The 
cast of Birute was good, but in places, it lacked expression. Miss Horodockaite, 
for her personification of ''Birute, •^ received a beautiful bouquet. 

The ''Vaideliutes" made a grand impression with their singing. Ihe Birute 

II B 1 a - 3 - LITHUAIsflAN 

II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 Lletuva , Sept. 36, 1913. 

Choir certainly has something to be proud of, with their beautiful 
voices. Particularly the beautiful voices of the ^Vaideliutes** soloists 
(Misses Rudauskaites). One has a beautiful soprano; the other has a pleas- 
ing alto. Although the ancient Lithuanian gods have been buried a long 
time, if they had heard their descendants sing so gloriously about them, 
no doubt they would have rejoiced, especially over the singing of the 

Many objections can be raised against Mr. Banaitis, as '•Zudenschtein,'' the 
leading role of the drama, because of his acting and singing. He did not 
appear the illustrious leader of crusaders, because his voice was weak and 
it does not fit such an important role. But in celebrating such an , 
anniversary, one should not speak about its vjeak points, so we will keep 
quiet about them. 

The old ••Vaidila'^ (Z. Stogis) had a strong and good voice, but his voice 
needs more training,. and then in time, we should have a good singer. 


11 B 1 a - 4 - LimUANIAW 

II B 1 C (1) 

III B 2 Lietuva, Sept. 26, 1913. 


Because of lack of space, I cannot give a more detailed review of this 
spectacle, but in conclusion I should like to mention that the music of this 
melodrama was directed by Mr. A. Pocius. For all his devotion in preparing 
and arranging for the presentation of the melodrama, *»Birute,^ the Birute 
Choir should be thankful. There is no doubt that the Birute Choir will not 
separate from such a hard worker and instructor. I hope that the Birute will 
exist for many years, and will continue its cultural work in the future* 


III B 2 

VF Lletuva , Aug. 8, 1913# 


August 8, the Birute Choir began its rehearsals which are held every Friday 
evening at eight o'clock, at the Mork White Square Park Hall* The choir is 
directed Dy Mr. A. Pocius. Those who want to join the choir should do so 

II 3 1 a Lrn : u.j:L.i: 

II B f^ a 

III B 2 Lietiiv a. Sa'o, CB, lcl3. 
II D 1 

^^■'"O IT" '"■ ■,'^''^''1 i -.-. -•".7*- "ill ;i — * 

^ »< W - - L«.- • .i.^ ^ J, -rfi»^ wx u . . -L.L_l_ ->j , • 

Tho Lithuanian Or-mists .J.iiunce .iii ive r. concort for the urpco of 
establishing a libr::.ry of i..ujic« fii3 concert v;ill be held If.rch 0, in 3t. 
Goor5:e*3 l^all, 5;hid xl:.ce and .oiburn .:v3riue« 

The cantata, "The Jeven L.Gt -.ords of Gnrist," by the f-i.iaus Professor 
Theodore DuBois,of the raris Gonservatoiro, vrill be yr-:;ented. It hi.s "oeQii 
tr-cnslated into Lithuanian by ^t. aev, 1^. h. Jarafin^s, Ghica.:o. The choir 
is '.irected by ... Pocivs. Curtain :^t 8 P. .... ..diiission, thirty-fi.e cents, 

fifty cents, and up. 

Tlie Go]:i:;.ittee. 

•P vvf K ^" 

II B 1 a 0.111:11.1:. I AI^ 


Lietuva, ^pr. 19, 1J12, 


The Lithuanian Youth Circle arranged a free Lithuanian iiiusical evening at 
the Davis Square Hall last Sunday, ^pril 14, 

The prograri v;as opened v/ith a fittin^e; address by Lir. J. Zolpis, and the 
following prograi]! presentedi 

1. A speech on Lithuanian youth activities by D. 3. Pratapas, 

2. A laandolin orchestra, v.hich offt^red aii encore. 

3. A -lionolc^T^e: "Yearning." 

4. A Quartet composed of l^iss i.lossiej, ...iss x'ieskalsica, Ivj?. 
Strzyneckis, and lo:. A. Garcius. A^ ^^\ 

5. ^ trio; sung by Gestautas, otrzyneckis, and J. Zolpis. ^'^^p^'^A 

6. A quartet; sun^r by Zolpis, Gestautas, strzyneckis and Liisius. ^ '"- -■ 


It can be said that the whole prograii vas fairly good. 

II B 1 a LITHUiJ-TIi^ 

II 3 1 c (1) 

Lietuva , Nov. 24, 1911. 

On November 30, at the Stancik Hall, 205 East 115th Street, the Lith- 
uanian Uusical Society "Aidas" (The Echo) will present a one-act drama, 
''Solomon^s Drea'fi*' (by B. Vargaas). The Lithuanian :..usic and Dramatic 
Society and the Echo Choir vail sing* There ;\111 be recitations and 

^he performanc£7 will start at 4:30 P.x.!. Admission is twenty-five, 
thirty-five, and fifty cents. 

All Lithuanians are invited. 

The Committee. 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 

Lietuva, ...ay l.'-i, 1911. 



v> A 





Overture: ^'ICncourar,^-*erit" • . . . 
Boett.-er. The Birutes Ore estra. 


a. ''xiopw Larch''. . . .r. Guide. 

b. .-ioderato Jantabile. . • .Ch. Danola. 

c. Barcarolle. . . .Beetnoven. 

G. Tur.:i.-.ii ..larch. . • .Beethoven. 

'Vijliii uad pia.iO: Barpalius, Jerec>:, 3i^;;elis, and Bijanskio 
at the piano. 


Overture: "Lovers I.eturn". . . ..i. !\elson. The Birutes Orchestra, 


u. '*..:oderato Cantabile". . . .Jh. Baiicla. Turee violins and 



b. oong fro.ii "Zaubei- Jote". . . ....ozart. Three violins. 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 




Lietuva, Lay 12, 1911 • 


"Hungarian I-iliapsody" . 
r. Saroalius- -violin. 

• • 

.M, Kauser, 

♦ i./ r. s -^ .1 




Overture: "Narcissus*^ . . .3chlepe :roll. The Birutes Orchestra 

This concert is ^iven by the 3irutes Orchestra. Aftii^r the proc:ra:.a, there 
v.ill be da^icing and otner entertaiiLaeat. It v.ill be v iven at the ^^urora 
Hall, bl49 So. Halsted Street, .idjaisbion, 2b cents. 


II B 1 a 

III B 2 

IV Lletuva> May 12, 1911* 

the best program of trt! 

( Summary ) 

The Birutes idusical and Drama Society v/ill present its last program of the 
season, May 21, at 3t. George's Parish Kail, 32nd Place and Auburn Avenue. 

Two operas will be given, ''Sienapiute'' (The Haying Season), by Mikas 
Petrauskas, and "Faust," by Gk)unod. 

The opera "Faust," is presented for the first time to the Lithuanian 
public. Therefore it should be interesting to see the performance. 

Admission: #1.00, 75, 50, and 25 cents. 

II B 1 a 


Lietuva, Mar. 12, 1911. 


( Summary ) 

The Lithuanian Band of Chicago is giving it;3 first concert, May 14, at St. 
George's Parish Hall, 33rd Place 2nd Auburn Avenue. It begins at 4: P.M. 

The band will play the finest music that has been composed. The concert's 
director is ULr. J. Yakaitis, who is a graduate of the Cracw; Conservatory 
of Music, and also has obtained a medal for his musical accompli sliments. 



II B 1 a 



Lietuva, Feb. 10, 1911. 

( Sximmar y ) 

Chicago Americans are taicinf; an interest in Lithuanian songs. The Birutes 
Choir has been invited to sing at the Ghica.^o University. The choir was 
invited through the intercession of the v/ell-loiovm Chicago social worker, 
Miss LlcDowell- 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 

IV Lietuva> Dec. 50, 1910 



For the third time in Ghica>20, the Birute Society presented M. Petrauskas* 
operetta, **Birute," at the ot. George Parish Hall, December 25. The 
actors V7ho participated v/ere the same as last time: Horodeckiute, B. 
Vaitiekunas, Kasputis, Duda, Vitkevicia, Zacharevicia, Janusauskis, Juska, 
J. Ilgaudas, and others. 

II B 1 a 





I c 


LietuTO, Oct. 14, 1910. 



M. M. Dudas 

It is not necessary to argue broadly and to scrutinize thoroughly in order 
to realize what a part songs {and music) play not only in the awakening 
and improvement of the senses of the individual, not only in the cultural 
uplift of a whole nation, but also in the development and progress of o\ir 
entire humanity. Everybody, especially Lithuanians, can feel that, if 
not while they are living here then at least in our Motherland, where, in 
the hills, forests, and fields — most often in the gardens of Rue — our 
sisters sing our pleasant and beautiful songs. Song, in truth, has great 
power and is the real ruler of a person's soul. It awakens every feeling 
in a person to activity and it also keeps them from too great activity; 
it holds them back ftrom sadness, from too great sxirrender to pleasures, 
from violence, etc. For instance, according to tradition, Cain, having 

II B 1 a - 2 - LITHUAmAN 

III B 2 

III H LietuTE , Oct. 14, 1910. 

IV killed his brother, sought peace from a troubled conscience in music; 
making a whistle out of bark, he played it and thus found at least 

a moment of peace for his conscience. 

In olden times songs and music were given priority in everything. They 
are even regarded as the most fitting mediums in the adoration of the 
Highest Being, as the Bible states: "The angels adore their Creator with 
songs . " The Walls of Jericho fell, thanks to the mournful notes of the 
trumpets which were played while encircling the city*s walls. L^ny other 
miraculous incidents are credited to the power of music and song, as 
stated by tradition and in myths. 

Therefore, such playing was honored in ancient times and was used in the 
enactment of solemn and holy ceremonies. But today they are degraded and 
stepped on by many, even by our brothers who, dizzy from alcoholic drinks, 
begin playing all kinds of instruments and sing such songs in which their 
basest desires and bestiality are let loose. Such music, even though it 

II B 1 a - 3 - LITHUANIAN 

III B 2 

III H Lietuva, Oct. 14, 1910* 
I C 

IV cannot be called music, has, by its imitation of music, its own power 
and works the opposite from the summons of real music, that is, against 

virtue and the improvement of man. It becomes apparent that the people do 
not turn as much attention to songs and music in these times as they did 
in the past, although songs and music have, thanks to a few persons who 
are wholly devoted to that art, reached the highest degree in their perfec- 
tion. But, just the same, music does not make itself heard to the so\il 
without moving the deepest emotions. A song of the Motherland, especially, 
scores deeper in a man's heart and its consequences are much greater. It 
can be no other way. Those melodies which our mothers hummed as they 
swung the cradles and which induced us to shut our eyes in sweet slumber, 
which, in a word, were like a balsam calming our hearts, should be embraced 
by the souls of all of us. They should be our most important occupation; 
we should perfect them and promote them among our nationals and among all 
of humanity. 

The tunes of our national melodies, created by the inspiration of o\ir 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 

I C 

- 4 - 

LietuTO , Oct, 14, 1910 • 


ancestors and beautified by them, make an unearthly, noble impression 
on each one of us and even on foreigners. All of our past, with its 
troubles and good fortune, with its sadness and joy, with its glory and 
suffering — in a word, everything, is reflected in them; even what has 
not been recorded by historians has been put into song by our noble, 
old Kankler. ^translator's note* — The Kankles is the ancient Lithuanian 
national instrument. Kanklers, like the English bards, are credited 
with the composition of the majority of the ancient folk songSjJT To 
say it briefly, a song of the Motherland is one of the truest friends in 
everything and everywhere. You might be in the depths of sadness or 
confined by shackles, when, unexpectedly, comes the thought of a melody, 
for instance, '^The willows sway on the hill...." or '*The sun is red...." 
and others, of which we have many. 

It is difficult to express the power that such a song has in a few words, 
and it is not necessary to argue the matter more fully with our nationals 
who know it well. But I will only remind you that it is the duty of 
everyone to strive, as much as they can, to promote and to improve this 

II B 1 a - 5 - LITHUANIAN 

III B 2 A: 

III H Lietuva , Oct. 14, 1910. ^' 
I C 

IV branch of oiir art. We have here the widely known Birute Society, whose 
highest aim is vocal training. This is accessible to all, especially 

Chicagoans, who have an hour of free time. There are more of such societies; 
however, the attention of all should be turned to the Birute Society be- 
cause it is supported by all of the resources of our composer, Idikas 
Petrauskas. His only Joy, his only good fortune is when he sees a crowd 
of song lovers who desire training. He is satisfied only when he sees 
the fruits of his labors, in the full sense of the word, for the good of 
his nation. 

It is true that at present the Birute Society has more than two hundred 
members. However, the number should be several times greater from such 
a huge throng of Lithuanians as there is in Chicago. Though we expect to 
realize the desired number it is hoped that this will happen as soon as 
possible 80 that art can be propagated at once and raise the spirits of 
our brothers. In order to avoid interruptions in the training of singers 
and the obtaining of results, it is necessary that as many Lithuanians as 
possible throng to the Birute Society. New members are being accepted 

II B 1 a - 6 - LITHUANIAN 

III B 2 

III H Lietuva , Oct, 14, 1910. 
I C 

IV this season. Even though they do not know music at all they should join 
the Birute Society without delay and become co-workers in the Lithuanian 

field. New members will be accepted until October 15 of this year. Re- 
hearsals and auditions of new members are held every Friday at 8 P. M. in 
the public hall of Mark V/hite Park, Halsted and 29th Streets. 

It is desirable that chapters of the Birute Society be organized in other 
towns also, as has been done in Scranton, Pennsylvania and in South Chicago. 
They were the first to react to the activity of the Birute Society and 
became an example for other Lithuanian colonies, pix)ving that we can work 
in common in that branch of art, even though we are scattered throughout 
the wide world. Only good desire and devotion are necessary and we can 
attain anything. 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 

IV Lietuva, Apr. 15, 1910. 




J. Laukis 

On the third day of this month the Aurora Society sponsored a musical program 
at bhe of the small halls in Chicago, the profit of which was to be used for 
the benefit of students. Two of our most distinguished artists, the singer 
j^ika^T^ Petrauskas and the pianist ^^;^thon^ Pocius participated in the 
program. . • • • 



II B 1 a 
II A 3 b 
I C 


Lietuva, Jan. 6, 1910. 



Last Saturday the students of the Lithuanian Conservatory gave a concert at 
St. George's Parish Hall. The program consisted of twenty-eight numbers. 
One was especially interesting and highly effective. It was given by the 
children, whose ages ran from five to twelve years. Their technique was ex- 
cellent* The instructor, Mr. Mikas Petrauskas, has devoted much tjuae and 
energy to teaching these children, as is shown by their fine musical tech- 
nique. The young pianists were Miss Anna Iklazeikis, Anton Olszewski, Alex 
Bijanskas, and the children of Dr. A. L. Graiciunas. 

Kazys Jakubkas played two violin compositions of Mr. Petrauskas, "Zilvitis** 
(The V/illow) and "Oi Tu Jieva*' (0, Bird-Cherry Tree). Miss Sophia Olsevskis 
and Miss Antigona Dundulis also played well. Mr. Bigelis played the andante 

^ ^ 

II B 1 a - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

II A 3 b 

I c Lietuva , Jan. 6, 1910, 


and presto movements of one of Bach's masterpieces. 

The instrumentalists were Mr. H. Mockus — trombone, Petras Grazulis and 
Juozas Balakas — clarinet. Mr. Juozas Balakas played Moszkowski's '^Serenade", 
and Yienazindis* (pen name of Mikas Petrauskas) 'Tolka" excellently. 

Mr. Stogis has a splendid bass voice. If he does not neglect his training, 
he should become a fine singer. }^. Mikas Dudas has a fine baritone voice, 
and he had a good opportunity to show the quality of it. 

Miss Anna Balaiciute sang the ''Flower Song" from Faust beautifully. 

Miss Malvina Horodeckis was the star of the evening. She sang only one song, 
Schubert's "Serenade". I have heard the same song sung by Sembrich and by 
Schumann-He ink, but when I heard it sung in Lithuanian, I found new beauty 
in it. Miss Horodeckis is the rising star among Lithuanian singers. The 
final number was given by a quartet, composed of Miss Jaskevicius, Miss 0. 
Balcaitis, Mr. Kasputis and Mr. Dudas. They sang an aria from Verdi's 

II B 1 a - 3 - LIIHUANIAN 

II'A 3 b 

I C Lietuva, Jan. 6, 1910* 


Some Lithuanians are bringing honor to the name of Lithuania in science, 
politics, literature and art — but Mr. Mikas Petrauskas, the foremost Lith- 
uaniein musician, brings the name of Lithuania into the musical world* It 
is a great honor to him* 

1^ . '<^ 

II B 1 a 

III B 4 


Lietuva, Aug. 6, 1909. 


In the previous number of the Lietuva (Lithuanicu) it was annoiinced that 
the rehearsals of the Biruta liusic and Dramatic Society will begin on 
'./ednesday evenin^r Aug. 4. The next rehearsal will take place on 
Saturday evening, Aug. 7. Hereafter the rehearsals will take place 
tv/ice a week, on V/ednesda;* and Saturday evenings. All rehearsals will 
be held at the hall of the Church of Our Lady of Vilna, P,;5rd Place and 
Oakley Avenue. If a sufficient number of singers enlist from the 
Bridgeport colony, the place of rehearsals vn.ll be changed as follows: 
V/ednesday evenings on the I7est Side, in the above mentioned hall, and on 
Saturday evenings in a hall at Bridgeport. 


, II.. .r.. // 

Mikas Petrau3kas, former Chicago Lithuanian musical artist and composer 
who is now attending a conservatory of music in Paris, France, has 

II B 1 a 

III B 4 

- 2 - 




Lietuva, Aug. 6, 1909. 

proLiised to return to ths United States before the 2bth annual convention 
of the Lithuanian Alliance of America, vjhich will take place this month 
in Chicaw^o. Mr, Petrauskas has agreed to assist in every possible way 
in all tte commeinorative exorcises of this important convention. He 
is scheduled to arrive in Chicago on Aug, 15; a big reception for him 
is being planned on the evening of the above date by the Biruta Society 
at our Lady of Vilna hall. 

Immediately after Mr. Petrauskas returns to Chicago he will resume 
leadership of the Biruta society; he will give half-hour classes on the 
theory of music at every rehearsal of the Biruta chorus. Besides that, 
he will immediately start organizing his ovm orchestra, v;hich will 
participate in all his musical concerts and theatrical presentations. 
It is absolutely necessary for every prospective orchestra member to 

II B 1 a 

III B 4 


- 3 - 

Liatuva, Aug, 6, 1909 


attend all rehearsals of the Biruta chorus. 

Mr. Petrauskas will give musical concerts and sta^^e important theatrical 
plays in all the principal Lithuanian colonies of America. 

Iv^. Petrauskas hopes that by the time he returns to Chicago, the 
organization of tlie Biruta chorus v/ill have been completed; he ;vants 
to see at least one hundred singers in the chorus. Shortly after 
his arrival the chorus will be closed to new applicants. Therefore, 
all youn^ Lithuanians who plan to join the chorus are advised to do 
so iidinediately. Those who attend the rehearsals vfill not only 
spend their time in a plea3ant way, but will also receive valuable 
instruction in che art of music. 

II B 1 a 

III B 4 

- 4 - 

Lietuva, Aug. 5, 1909 





Members of the Lithuanian Alliance of America, who wish to celebrate 
their 25th convention in Chicago in a most memorable fashion, should 
nv t only join the Biruta chorus themselves, but^ also ur-^e other singers 
to do so* 

By J. Ilgaudas, chairiaan of the 
Biruta Society. 

P. S. The officers of the Biruta Society have decided to present 
musical and theatrical entertainm:nts in the Lithuanian colonies 
situated not too far fro.a Chicago, but only in those colonies v/here 
it is possible for the members of the Biruta chorus to leave Chicago 
on Jaturday and return early on I.Ionday morning. :i]ntertainnents will 
be held only in those colonies where local residents will guarantee 
at least a moderate financial profit for the Society, 

II B 1 a 

III B 4 

- 5 - 

Lietuva, Aug. 6, 1909. 


Address all cornrauni cat ions in regard to this iTiatier to '/x. J. Ilgaudas, 
president, 325? So. ualsted St., Chicago, 111* 


II B 1 a 

II B 1 



c (1) 

Lietuva, Dec, 18, 1908. 



The Birute Music and Dramatic Society has just received a gift of three new 
songs from our famous vocal artist and composer Mikas Petrauskas, former 
Chicagoan and founder of the Birute Society, who is now living in Lithuania. 
The names of the songs are: ''Oi Graziai Zydi" (Budding Beautifully); ''Sia 
Nedelia" (This Week); and ♦'Dega Ugni*' (Burning Fire). 

The society also received a number of beautiful Lithuanian songs from Mr. 
Ciurlionis, world-famous Lithuanian musician, composer, and painter. These 
songs were delivered to the society in person by Mr. Zmuidinavicius (Zemaitis), 
fairious Lithuanian sculptor and painter, who is in Chicago on a visit from 

These songs will aid greatly in the uplift of music among the Lithuanians 
of Chicago. Mr. J. Ilgaudas, president of the Birute Society, thanks 

i m. h 



I B 1 a - 2 - LITvr,.:.:i3 

II B 1 c (1) 

III c li^tuvci, Dec. 18, 1903. 


our lartiG'.s nost h: rtil:' for t:i3ir :;ifts. 

:'r. Ilraudas also tlianlcs tl\e Ror. , pastor of tlis Our 
Lady of Yilna Litlv..ani .:i Ronan Catliolic Parisa, for his cooporation 
and j^onorosity in pemittin;: tlio sociot:' to use tlio church hall 
every ' Saturday evoaiar: r:ithout ch<.u?r:s. If other Lithuanian i^riests 
of C:.ic-e^o v;ould -ollO'. fine e.-a:iple of th3 Itev. .u-ibrozaitls ia 
supyortiay t:ie nusical ;:.nd drai:iatic efforts of our :^eople then ue 
;vould "be ^^.ble to aiaze riore ra.:id stride::; f-:ii7ard. v;e should not 
pernit our differences in p^olitical af illations or relicicus beliefs 
to stand in our v^v.y, beciiuse they h ve not.ii ip to do vjith art. 

Let us talce a ^renter interest in ..usic. burely every Lithuanian can 
afford to spend .t le st tv;o hours every v^e^h to learn hovj to sing 
beautiful son^s. V/e all anov: that sonp sv;eeten our lives and fill 
U3 with energy ti v/orh. Let us t.dce full adva-itave of tae op "^o- tunities 
that are afforded by the Birute ^ocietp" to develop our musical and 
drcunatic talents. 

11 ' 

II B 1 a - 3 - J.ITIilJ^iTLar 

II B 1 c (1) 


IV Listuva , Doc. 18, 1308. 

Tlie Biruto Society holds sin::inc rehearsals tv;iC3 evory vjeel:. Hehsarsals 
cire hold ever^^ '.:ednesduy eveniii.j: at t'-v3 Fello-rshi ■ House, 869 VJ. 3ord. 
?lac5, and evei^^ Saturday ^veninn at th:. Our Lady of Vilna church 
hall, v.hich is located on V/est 23rd ^ llace near V/estern av^eaue. -JLl 
Lithuanians, v;ho are musically inclined, are invited to particip-.te in 
these rehearsals. 


II B 1 a 
I A 1 d 

III B 2 


Lietuva, Oct. 30, 1908 


The Sernas Llusical Aid Fund. was liquidated on Oct. 25, and merged 
V7ith the Ausra (Davjn) Society. This change was made by forty 
members of the Sernas Fund Society in a meeting at the home of the 
treasurer Dr. A. K. Rutkauskas, 0829 Commercial Ave. The merger 
;vas made for economical reasons at the suggestion of Dr. Rutkauskas. 
The aims and purpose of the Ausra Society are the same as that of the 
Sernas Fund; to assist v;orthy Lithuanian students. 

The Sernas Fund was established four months ago, on June 19, 1908, 

by the Lithuanians of Chicago to assist talented and x/orthy Lithuanian 

music students. The fund was named in L jnor of Sernas (pseudonym of 

II 3 1 a - 2 - LITKlLilll^iiJ 
I .-^ 1 d 

III B 2 

Lietuva, Oct. 30, 1908 

Joseph Adomaitis, editor of Lietuva , and fainous Lithuanian v/riter) 
as the Sernas Musical Aid Fund. The fund was raised and maintaine 
by collections and contributions from the Lithuanian public. 

According to a financial statement prepared by Dr. A. K. Huthauskas, 
treasurer, in the Aug. 14 issue of the Lietuva . the fund now consists 
of ;?132.25. This money ^^s raised as follov/s: ^100. 00 donated by the 
twenty-third convention of the Lithuanian ..lliance of America: s3l4.40 
collected at the commemoration of the thirtieth anniversary of Sernas 
literary career; the balance of the fund was raised by individual 
contributions and from collections at Lithuanian gatherings. 

The i^l32.25 of the Sernas Fund was transferred by Dr. Rutkauskas to 
Dr. J. Sliupas, treasurer of the Ausra Society. 

II B 1 a 


IV Lietuva, Vol. XVII, No. 12, kar. 20, I9O8. WPA (ILL) Pf^CJ. 302/6 


rlhen our go,.. poser preseated the operetta aan.'ed above the first time, the 
Chicago Lithuanian der.^and was ^^reat for a second presentatior. . In order to 
fulfill the wishes of the people, our composer, Iv'r. Petrauskas, v/ill pre- 
sent a second time, "The Chimney Sweeper and the Mller", Apr. 22nd, at the 
West Side Auditorium, corner Taylor St. ^nd Center Ave., where the first 
performance has also taken place. 

This presentation should be a still greater success, as the chorus has been 
increased to I50 members. The chorus requires more girls. Therefore, 
young girls, join the chorus and help it to ir.prove its cultural aims. 

The rehearsals are held Saturday evenings at 869 - 33^^ Place. 

After the performance of the operetta, there will be a ball. 


II B 1 c (1) 

p;- Lietj\^ ^ Vol, r;il, Ko, 9, Feb* 28, 1906, 


At laot the long awaited operetta, "The Chiriney Sv.^eper and the Liiller," 
was presented by Mikas Petrauskas, The Chicago Lithuanians were eager 
■CO see this fsimous spectacle perforined. They saw on the stage the 
Lithuanian girls and inen dressed in national costumes • But when the 
audience heard the choir of ninety voices sing the national hymn, many 
in the audience wept when they heard that tais beautiful Lithuanian 
nelody cane from the hearts of the sons and daughters of Lithuanians • 

The operetba was performed beautifully, better could not be expected 
from non-professional artists* !Jen such as Petrauskas are a great 
asset to Lithuanians* But hov many Lithuemians realize that we have 
such a person? This performance of the operetta proves that we can 
perform even better and h-rder operettas. Having such an artistic 
leader in Chicago as Mr* Petrauskas, we Lithuanians must join his 
nevz-ly organized choir, and the general Litliuanian public must support 
him* In unity we will accomplish great cultural results. 

Jonas Lopas* 


II --B 1 =< 

\MP^ illi 

/~ •. 


«■■-.-' V 

rz:; lt'^htt^via:: ^^cij?sti::a. 

ri'^rot''^ T73 -nr^cun-^- f:n "brother Lltrm-^'i^'-n::^ , f\->'-+- ^-^ v-.-r- or-frrii'^c*^ '^ iit^vj ?oc:::ty 

T O 4" ' 

.-. v»» r 


1 '^'^"7 

concert i*^, cor'*."* or tV-.t f:vor'ir>' '^n*^ you ":"*.'''' l^^rr'"^. A'^'iir'^ioi 
2^ o^rt"". 

II B 1 a 

I S 


Lietuva, Vol* XVI, No* 2, Feb. 11, 1907# 


The concert -was given by the Lithuanian Socialist branch 4 on the first 
day of January, 1907» There were over 700 people in the hall» It was 
the first Lithuanian concert that brought such a large crov/d of people* 

The program was very good. K. Gugis was the speaker of the evening* He 
inade a collection for the revolutionary cause and collected $17#60# 

A« Guest* 

II B 1 a 


Lietuva, Vol, XVI, No. 6, Feb, 8, 1907, In ''"?'>* ^| 

—————— ^ 5^ , 


The Dr« V» Kudirka chorus is completely organized at last* On February 4th 
it had its first practice. The second practice will be on February 11, 
at 7 2 SO P. M., at 869 W» S3rd Place* 

We are lacking men and girls with good voices* Those who have good 
voices should come and join the chorus* Those who want to participate 
in cultural and artistic activity should come without delay* 

J* Ilgandas 
Financial Secretary* 


:i ': 1 --. 

I C 

- ^ • 

9P 1 '^^r. 

T T'^' 



• o v» T* t 

s .1-^: 'ic^: 

rrn. • ^ • _ 

P.-'oSianc , Ir-.tii-ano, etc, C^cochoc vrill be ivcii in tl.o Lituuc...ian, 
En^^lish, P:i).r'sian o.n:I T'oliG"!! I'^.naiaQ'CS* Tho profit oC this concert 

Tor the rro" " '■ .n n\ 

vfill 1)'"* 

Co r*"?" OCT -7 '^ 

'•» /-» 


•~^ J- ... ty 

- concert you liavc ne-ro-r '\'^'^rd, C inhere of t-iO nontionerl nntrl^ no.litie3 
^rill cin^ beautiful sonrs. All arc cor^]ial''V invited. 



^ -f--f- 

./ ./l.L. ... ^ '-J ^ 

n O 

II B 1 a 

Lietuva, Vol* XV, No# 56, Deo* 21, 




The Dr* V# Kudirka Singers Society is appealing to the Lithuanian youth 
to join this society* We have seen that people appreciate very much 
our singing* The demand for our chorus is increasing* In order to make 
it the best in Chicago, we are appealing to the Lithuanian youngmen 
and girls to join our choir* 

J. Ilgandas 
Financial Secretary* 


II B 1 a 
II D 10 LISTUVA, Vol. X7, No* Us, II-30, I906. ^. , n-m mypik 


In Chicaigo, November 18th, a concert was icciven by the singers of Lithiisnian 
Alliance of America branch 109. The public had an opportujiity to hear ^ood 
songs and beautiful melodies. The program consisted of a male choir the young 
girls' quartet the male quartet, a-nd the mixed choir. 

A considerable profit was $5.00 was donated to the Lithuanian National 
Home and the colony for the poor, and $5.0^ was donated for the new cbjirch 
on the West side, the Sacred Lady Aurora Gates Church. 

A.L. Miezlaiskis. 


. \ 

II B 1 a 

II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 


Lletuva ^ 7ol« TT, No» 10^ March 9^ 1906# 

In the city of Chicago there are many Lithuanian societies • Among these 
societies there are the Aurora Society, the Lithuanian Alliance of 
America branches, the Lithuanian Socialist Labor Party, and the Lovers 
of Fatherland Society* But the most important society of all of them, 
is the Dr« V« Kudirka Theatrical and Singers Society* Mo other society 
brings such a benefit to humanity as this society* Every member of this 
society has a chance to train his voice* At the same time when this 
society sings at the banquets it gives pleasure to the listening people* 
Up to the present time we, Lithxianians , of Chicago, have no large ohorusj 
with over 50,000 Lithuanians in Chicago it is a disgrace not to have a 
large Lithuanian chorus* We are no worse than other peoples why then 
should we stay behind them? Therefore all the Lithuanian youth who have 
good voices, come and join this singers* organ! satloni help us build 
the best Lithuanian singing society* 

II B 1 a 

- 2 - 

Lletuva, March 9, 1906« 


The saying is that Lithuania is the oountry of songs • Now then^ let us 
join this society; let us bring back the beautiful Lithtianian songs and 
singing # 

The practice of the chorus is held every Sunday at 2 ?• M«^ 869 33rd Place 
All the young Lithuanian men and girls who want to exalt the spirit of the 
beautiful Lithuanian songs ^ come and Join the only Lithuanian theatrical 
singing society in Chicago* 

Z-tes Boy# 

II 3 la 

II B 1 C (1) 

- WPA (ILL) fROj. 302/5 

Li'3tuva ,VQl> XVf I^'c* i., Jan. 26, l^'Oc* 

^-1j X Iri.. -. ^ A:".. J Ll.. ;-.-!. jX» iv^-.».- 1 'J i 1 k^ • 

The Lithuanian finder's Lraiaatic Society has arran[^efi a :rand theatrical spectacle 
for Saturday evenini^, on tjie iCth of February, 1906, "'jlaeslci Tall, cCO r. /.shland 
i^venue. They will presunt the tragedy "Keistutis", o,;e of ^h'i' nost beautiful drbrnas 
of ancient Lithuanian life, 'Vhoever v/ants to see a f:.ood production based on our 
^rand and fajnou.s hii^tory of tne oldan tiries of Lithuania's [_reatne.s£, can come and 
see this grand theatrical performance. After tne dra:na there will be a banquet and 
good music. You are heartily invited. 




I B 1 a LIEUAiilAi; 

Lietuva, Vol. IX, r:o. 44, ::ov, 1, 1901. V.;-;W;:,l.} '-'M.J JUJt 

KE Fr;sT LiTHUAi-iAi: :iisiciru.s« CLUB ■ 

The first Lithuanian nusic-ians' club v/as organized on J .ne 4th under 
the nar.e of "Fader evrski Concertina Club." It ch:\n£;ed its nane to 
"The Lithuanian Dirute Concertina Club." 

Meetings are held every Thursdf'V at J. ?etrosz:'us Hall, 168 V/. 18th 

The adirdni strati en is as follov;s: Stani^.lovao Kuczis , President; 
Antanac Hingcila, Secretary; Jonas Bijanskas, Treasurer* 


^^ ^ 1 ^ LiniUAriAII 

Lietuva^ Vol. VIII, lie. 26, June 2S, ISOO. 

The singers* society of Dr. V. Kudirka will hold its meeting on Sunday, 
July 1st, at 2 F, M., Meldazis Hall, 68 W. 2£th St. We are inviting 
boys and girls iwho have good voices to join our society. This society 
is growing fast, l^/lany men come to practice but we lack girls' voices 
in order to make a complete choir. 

The Singers Society of Dr. V. Kudirka. 


II A 3 b 

Lietuva. Vol. V, No. 53, Deo. 31, 1897 V^PA (jLl) PROJ o02/6 


The Chloago Lithuanian sooleties must take into consideration the King 
David society of musicians. They are x)laying free in educational and church 
concerts. The charges for playing at banquets eind balls are very small. 


IThen any sooiety or organization needs rausioians for their balls and 
entertainments, call for the King David sooiety of musicians. 

The King David Musicians. 

* > ..■ 


II A 3 b 

UetttTa. Vol, III, No. 21, Itay 25. 1895 WPA (ILL) PROJ. 302/5 


On Iby 5 the Lithuanian nnslolanfl held their monthly meeting* It was 
decided on this meeting to organise a Lithuanieui ohoir* and the ohoir iras 
organized* Then on the 12th day of May they had another meeting* liDre 
mftmbere Joined the new choir* The singing society will be known as the 
Lithuanian Musicians and Singers* Choir* 

The following officials of this new singing society were elected:* 

Fresidentf E* Kigas; vice-president iN* Kawallauskas ; seoretaryt S* 
Wadlinga; financial secretaxyt D* Udras; sergeant at arms» J# Walantina- 
wioxiusi trustees: A* Jalcutis and J^Rumsza* * 

f *_ 

8: "' • 

II B 1 a 
II A 3 b 



Lletuvftt Vol* II» No. 30, Juim 28* 1894 



WPA (I'LL,) PROJ. 30275 



Die Uthuanlan musioians held their meeting Sundayt July 22, in a 
ohuroh hallf where they organized the Lithuanian l&isioians* Society of 
Chioago* Later on the Musioians* Soolety will Join the Simonas Daulcantas 

Hie following members joined to this society: 

1* Alexander Sassa, cornet player* 

£• Dowidas Rirus* cornet* 

3* Nikolas Dessulskis, clarinet* 

4* Pranoisskus Tauroxat clarinet* 

5* Domininkas Udras* tenor* 

6* Kazamieras Kigast beuritone* 

7* Fr* BaltruszedtiSf basso* 


II B 1 a 
II A 3 b 

Xdetuva* June 289 1894 


WPA (ILL) PRO J. 30275 

There are many more Uthuanicme In Chioago« Come euid Join our organ- 
ization* V/e must have as many as forty or more musioians in our sooiety* 

Even if your are not a very good player, oome and join us# We will 
teaoh you hem to play# It is not hard to learn to play well* 


'-' ' •' '-- ■' ■ "^ 

t • ^ s 

B. Avocational 

and Intellectual 

1« Aesthetic 

b. Painting and Sculpture 


II B 1 b 

II B 2 g 

Jaunimas < Feb. 3, 1938. 


?•!•••• Stanley Pocius, well-known sculptor in Chicago, is heading a 
conmitiiee to organize all young Lithuanian artists of this city. The 
list of prospective members already exceeds fifteen, and it is the belief 
of the organizers that the club will be active before very long. 

This club will encourage many young Lithuanian artists in Chicago to study 
art from a professional viewpoint, as well as avocational and intellectual. 

II 3 1 b LITinjAITIAiT 

II A 3 C 

IV Lietuva, July 8, 1910. 


YJe had announced in the last number of Lietuva that the exhibit of IoT. J. 
Sileika's paintings v/ould be opened last Saturday. Nov; tv;o reliefs by A. 
Aleksandravicius have been added to Mr, Sileika's paintings* There will 
also be tv;o more Lithuanian artists participating in the exhibit, v;hich v/ill 
now open Saturday, July 9. It v;ill continue to the end of this month. This 
exhibit is being sponsored by the Aurora Society and all the profit from the 
admission fees will rro to the treasury of that Society. The admission fee 
will be ten cents for the men; v;omen and girls will be admitted free. The 
exhibit will be oren from 3 P. L!. to 6 P. M. , Saturdays and Sundays; all 
other days, from 5 P. L. to 5 ?. K. It v:ill be held at 3149 So. Halsted Street. 

II 3 ]. b 

Lietuva, July 16, 19., 9. 


:•' iTHT rr?":"« 


The oil ^aintin s of our artist J'^3e;)h oiloil:a are novj on exliibitiori in 
the students* s ction of the art ^ali ^r^'- in the Jiica :o .Irt Institute. 
Tvjo of is oaintin :3 have received sorjoiai c :>: i .ondation. Ten oi is 
paint in ;s are on exhibition, all of ..'tich are of f e realistic sciool. 
His paintin'^s are of ;^ediu:i \rade. 'lov/ev r, it is pleasant to ote the^t 
even Lithuanian-.-.: :eri cans are ent-^rln ; the distiu -uished field of art. 
I.r. Sileiha desr^rvcs ^oraise for conolet"n: a course in the Jhica :o Art 
Institute v;ithout outside fina:icial assist- ncj; he Manr^ . :d to neet his 
ex^oeuses and tuition foes .;ith 0':n earxiin{;s« 

-- ■-'^ 


B. Avocational and Intellectual 
1, Aesthetic 
c. Theatrical 
(1) Drama 





Ji- ??= 

II B 1 c (1 ) 
II B 2 d (1) 
II B 1 e 

II B 8 a 
I A 1 d 


I A 3 Interview, \Ylth Dr* A. L- Graiciunos, 

I S of the Lithuanian Theatrical Group, CuiOago 111. 

IT by Alex .\mbrose, Jan, 29, 1937. 




The members of this Theatrical Group were; Dr. A. L.Graiciunos, John Grinius, 
Alex Szidlauskas, Antenas Stephonavice, Frank Braczulis, Miss Urszula Waranka, 
Miss Magdelena Waranka, Miss Anna //aranka, Liike '^Varanka, Anthon V/aranka» 

This Theatrical group first staged the play, "Genevieve,** and later, in the month 
of October, 1894, the play, "The Assassination of Alexander II of Kussia" was 

This last performance was not advertised at thut time in the newspaper Lietuva. 
A. Olszewski at that time was a fanatical Catholic, while the Theatrical Group 
consisttid of liberals and freethinkers. For this reason the publisher of 




- 2 - LITHUANIAN ^^uni'^ 


W.P.A. p) 

Intervie w with Dr. A. L. Graiciunas of the Lithuanian Theatrical Group, Chicago, 
Illinois, by Alex Ambrose, Jan. 29, 1937. 

Lietuva^/i> Olszewski, refused to advertise it in his newspaper. He did not 
want to have anyxniiie^ to do with the 'infidels', as the Theatrical Group was 
called at that time. 

Later on, this Lithuanian Theatrical Group was reorganized under a different 
name, that of the Aurora (Ausra) Society. The purpose of this society was to 
establish libraries and evening schools for Lithuanians and also to help the 
Lithuanian students who escaped from Russia and wanted to go on with their 
studies in other countries. 

The Aurora Society donated $800 to Vincas Mickevicius (Kapsukas). Later 
Mr. Mickevicius became a Bolshevik j and he died three years ago in Russia. 
He also donated to A. Halis *300. Mr. A. Halis later wrote the Lithuanian 
English and English Lithuanian Dictionary. Mr. Halis at present lives in 
Lithuania where he 5.8 writing and enlarging the dictionary. 

•-'' ^o 

-3- QWls 



Interview with Dr« A. L. Graiciunas of the Lithuanian Theatrical Group, Chicago, 
Illinois, by Alex Ambrose, Jan. 29, 1937. 

Of this Lithuanian Theatrical Group only two members are still living, 
Dr. A. L. Graiciunas and Frank Bracziulis who is an attorney now. Dr. A. L. 
Graiciunas says that, when Mr. Upton Sinclair was in Chicago investigating 
the stock yards for his novel, The Jungle, Mr. Graiciunas took Mr. Sinclair 
and showed him how the Lithuanians were living at that time. 






Jaunimas , Sepu*15, 1936. 


p.i.... Melodic voices, harmonic renditions, elusive notes - all go into producing 
the prospective debut of Birute's musical season. Lights, Curtain, Actionll - and 
Drama sweeps into the limelight to blend harmoniously in a bewildering, swirling 
climax of a musical triumph. 


With the opening of zhe 31st season, preparations for an operetta are going full 
force. It will be somexiing ^o be anticipated as the selections were secured by 
krs. Byanskas auring her very recent visit to Lithuania. "^ut stayi That is not 
all. Dancing feet gliding to the strains of tantalizin^ music, delectable 
refreshments to tempt the most fastidious of palates- Biruue's social life is not 
supressed by her musical ambitions. 

The members are a gay lot of alert, vitally alive young people - true adherents to 
the age of ola adage "a little nonsense nav and then is relished by the best of 
men." Attendin,_, guests, once having witnessed Birute's rehearsals find tnem 


II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LI fHUANIAN 

Jauninias, Sept. 15,1936. 

magnetic and return each week as regular members. */hy donH you? 

At eight P.Ki. Sandara Hall, 814 ./est 33rd St. is dimly lighted, where one 
finds upon entering the rendezvous, groups discussin,: and reviewing eagerly the 
possibilities of the evening. Much is anticipated of Thursday evenings, and 
seldom are they disappointing. 

Mr. Byanskas, the director is acclaimed with enthusiasm upon his arrival, for 
his presence-besides meaning that rehearsals are about to begin - radiates a 
warm friendliness so desirable in gathering. Nothing is too little to escape his 
notice and receive attention. Humor is an inborn nualitv -a/^h him, for no occ^ision 
affording a sheltering nook for wit, will find him off guard. Sesi'les being "the life 
of the party" before aria after rehearsals, he Decomes u strict disciplinarian while 
at work, making the ch rus an incegriuy reaay for work. 

Rehearsals last approximately two hours - two hours of she-ir delist; when music 
lovers .delve into melodious selections, brimful of ecstatic harmony. To each 


II B 1 c (1) - 3 . LITHUAIJIAN 

Jaunimas, Sept. 15, 1936, 

and every member, Thursday evening means an escape from the realm of realism into 
a beautiful aesthetic world so dear to nis heart. Once each month Birute holds 
a business meeting, where plans are made for social gatherings, outings and family 
"get-togethers", as well as decisions as to the acceptance and refusals of invitations 
to participate in the presentation of other organizations. 

II B 1 c (1 ) 
II D 1 


Yilnls , Feb. 23, 1926. 

TO PRES^iHTr t:io coisdies 

The Keistutis Lithuanian Benefit Club is beginning preparations for 
staging two comedies, ''The Mother- in-Law and the Newljrweds" and 
^One of us Must Get Married. •• The presentation will take place on 
Saturday evening, ?eb. 27, at the Mc Kinley Park Hall. Some of 
the most popular and talented Lithuanian actors of Chicago will 
take part in the plays, a ver\'' pleasant evening of entertainment 
is promised to all vAo attend. 


II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a 

Vilnis, Jan. 19, 19<^6. ((^ $H 



\0^ ■ A/^ 


p#8»«««.The Kankliu '.'horua (Lithuinian Guitar Chorus) is making preparations to 
pres9nt**Voratinkliai" (Cob^vebs), a three act melodrc^ma on Jan. 30, at the Chicago 
Lithuanian Auditorium, 3133 So. Halsted ot. 

The cast of the play ^ill oe made up of the most talented Lithuanian artists in 
Chicago. ^\ leading role \^ill be played by comrade ^* Mockapetris , a newcomer in 
Chicago, Arho has distinguished himself as an aole artist in Pennsylvania. 


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Lietuva, Dec. 31, 1918. 


(Advertisement ) 

The annual affair of the Vincas Kudirka Society v/ill be held on January 1, 
at the L:eldazis Hall, 2242 '.Vest 23rd Place, Tue doors \;ill be opened at 
4 P. II., and the play v/ill be^in promptly at 5 P. l\ Admission v/ill be 
thirty-five cents and up. 


A great play, "Ti';o Roads", a three-act draria by G. Gejenaan, v;ill be <ry 

presented. TTiis play depicts the lives of tv;o priests in a small coast tovm 
of Holland. They have been the best of friends in school but, havinc attained 
priesthood, each chooses a separate road to travel. One devotes himself to 
an ideal; obeying the teachings of Christ, he opens the doors of his home to 
an unfortunate v;oman, and provides her v/ith Christian assistance during her 
serious illness. Finally the privileges of priesthood are taken from him 
through the treachery of his boyhood friend, the second priest, who cares 


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II A 5 b Lietuva , Dec. 31, 1918. 


nothinc for brotherly love and the teachin^^s of Christ; but 
serves only the Roman trust. 

So, honored readers, yr.xi v;ill have a v/onderful opportunity to hear the bitter 
arguments of the priests. You v;ill learn frcci the story of the v;oman in the 
pla^'- hov; a nodcrn, enlightened vrorker, such as the priest v;ho assisted her, ^ 
defends his riglits and his liber-ty. ^ 

The best available talent has been gathered for the various parts of this slU 

play. the actors v;ill be Stasiunas, Bui*acas, I^rs. L'. Dundulis, Lliss ^ 

Novikas and others. Therefore, v;e assure you that you v;ill be fullj'' satis- £ 

fied if you attend this affair. co 

There v/ill be dancing after the play. The riusic v;ill be furnished by the 
Sarpalius Brothers* Orchestra. 

P. S. Those who v/ant to see the play are urged to be on time, for the 


II B 1 c (1) - 3 - LITIIUAITIAN 

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II A 3 b Lietuva, Dec. 31, 1918. 


curtain v;ill rise at 5 P. LI. sharp. Those v/ho do not v;ish to see 
the play and are interested only in dancing, can come about 8 P. Ir^. By that 
time the pei'roniiance v;ill have ended. 

The committee invites everybody to attend. 






Lletuvai Dec# 14, 1918# 


(Advertisement } 

A wonderful show, sponsored by the Lithuanian Women* s Enlightenment Society, 3> 
will be given in li. Meldazis Hall, 2242 W. 23rd Place on Sunday, December 22, ^ 

1918 • r 


A three-act play, ••The Blacksmith's Daughter^ written by J. J. Zolp, will be c^ 
presented, '^ 

We invite the public to attend because "The Blacksmith's Daughter'' is an 
unusually beautiful and interesting play, having the present war as its back- 
ground. It will be well worth seeing. Therefore, do not miss it, for you 
will be sorry if you do. There will be dancing after the performance. 


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I \ 

Lietuva, ICov, 23, 1913. 

»'T!iii; c::iiv:cjr^-3;;EJ3^ .:n ?ii:^ mili^^" 

( rvd ve rt i s eTien t ) 

'^The Chin-jiey- Jweep and the filler", a tv;o-aet o^-ere.tta v;ith son';;s and dances, 
will be presented by the Birute 3ociety, under the direction of otasys 3imkus, 
on Saturday, Ilovenber 23, 1918, at the ::. ::eldazis Hall, 2242-44 .;er>t 23rd 
Place, berinnin-^ at 7:30 ?.!.:. 

Thou'-^h this play has been Tiresentgd by Birute several, it ;;ill be 
repeated once more at the request of the T^ublic. .^Jid, it must be stated, the 
Birute Society v/ill strive to ^resent it this tine as never before, for it is 
being directed by our honored corn-noser, '3tasys oimkus, and vail be performed 
by selected artists, The operetta itself has been iirproved and brou5^ht up to 



.fter the presentation, the Birute Chorus v/ill sin^: several ver^'- beautiful, 


II B 1 c (1 ) - 2 - li'i:tiu.u:i.^i 

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TV Lietuva . Nov. 23, 1918. 

nev; son-rs, under the direction of !.:r, Stasys Cimlais. 


There '.vill be dancing to the music of th^ larf-:e and [^ood 3arpalius Orchestra, 
ijiverybody is invited] 





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17 Lietuva, Jan* 25, 1918 • * 



The Lithuanian Women^s Enlightenment Society will present A. Froma's five- 
act drama '^Egle, Q^ueen of the Serpents'* at the Gzecho-Slavonic Benevolent 
Societies Hall, 1126 West 18th Street, on Sunday, January 27, 1918. 



The players: Zaltys (king of the serpents and the god of waters), J. Zolp; S 
the Swan-God (protector of the people and a friend of Zaltys), J* Sankunas; ^ 
Vaidevutis (a farmer), Jusas; Audrone (his wife), Krs. 0. Pabaskis; 
Rustulis (their son), J* Juknis; Vainis (another son), J. Jokubonis; Auske 
(a daughter). Miss A. Kalvaitis; Grazute (a daughter). Miss A* Zemaitis; 
Egle (a daughter), Petronella Petraitis-Kalioris; Sviesutis and Anzuolis 
(sons of Zaltys), V* Briedis and A. Briedis; Milde (Zaltys* daughter). Miss 
B» Baleckis; Romanas (a Lithuanian priest), J. Stasiunas; Baniute, Miss 0. Kal- 
vaitis; Zaltys* servants, J. Sarkunas and Stanley Galeckas. 


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Lietuva, Jan. 25, 1918* 


The scenery will be provided by B* Llutkeviclus and J« Juknls 
Mrs* M. Dundulis is the director* 

Music will be furnished by the Sarpalius Brothers' Orchestra. 

M* Titiskis acted as ntisical director for this presentation* 

Notice: Authentic Lithuanian tools will be used in this play* Among them 
will be looms, spinning wheels, etc* The Lithuanian V/omen's Enlightenment 
Society is striving to make this presentation as perfect as possible* The 
most talented Lithuanian stage stars have been invited to participate* 
Authentic Lithuanian articles, tools, and handiwork have been provided* Be« 
sides all this, Mrs* M* Dundulis, vdio has prepared many gigantic spectacles 
for the Lithuanian stage, has been invited to direct* 


Ticket prices, considering the play itself, are very low. They begin at 


i II B 1 c (1) - 3 - LITHUANIAN 

I K 
IV Lietuva , Jan. 25, 1918, 

thirty-five cents. Do not forget that the hall will be open at 5 P. M. and 
the play will start at 6:30 sharp. If you want to see the whole play, please 
do not come late. 



f )^ 

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Lietuva, Jan. 11, 1918. 


( ii.dvert i semen t ) 

The Lithuanian Karmony Sinf^ers will present ilai^ornski's five-act, eight- 
scene tragedy *'Zivile-- at the School Kail, 48th otreet and South Honore 
Avenue, on Sunday, January 20, 1913« The perrorinance will begin at 5 P. :.:• 

The public has only to hear the naine "Zivile" to know that it v/ill not be 
disappointed if it attends, lifter the rerfornance there •vill be dancing as 
usual, admission v;ill be thirty-five cents and up. 

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Lietuva, Jt.n, 4, 1918. 

f - 


The Birute oociety pie.^ented a Tjrocram lant Jund^y, Deoe-.iber 30. The operetta, 
**The Peturn," r-zz ofTered. The actinr vas r:ood, but not nil of the sonns v:ere 
rendered veil, iidam i^dcevicla (in the role of "John Jiclcas") played his part 
77611. The voice of R, laaidonis (in the role of "Raulas," :;on of Diokus ) 
suited his role, but his acting '•as .-^lonotonous. B# Dirris (in the role of 
"iCri'^tupas jucdis'^) pl'iyed his role excellently, especially in the last act# 
John ilulis (in t,he role of ''Jliu.:;^eris'' , a villac^er) v;- s too boyish in his 
part. A, Kvedaras (in the role of "Bakutis'') and o. Kvietka (in the role of 
a priest) also c^ave excelleuit perform^inces. 



Lietuva, May 11, 1917. 


It has been a long time since the Lithuanians of Chicago have had such a treat 
for their emotions, their eyes, and their ears as they enjoyed last Sunday* 
The Biruta l^Aisic and Dramatic Society staged one of the finest Lithuanian plays, 
the well-known two-act melodrama "Biruta" /noi^e of a fourteenth-century c 

Lithuanian duchess and mother of Vytautas the Great/i under the direction of - 
Mikas Petrauskas, '^- 

The performance was a success in every respect. The players, singers, and -a 
musicians did not disappoint the public, and the public, in turn, did not o 
disappoint the sponsors of the prograra, since a capacity crowd witnessed the 

The leading role was enacted by Miss Llarion Rakauskas, who has been entertain- 
ing Chicagoans with her beautiful voice for the past three years. She v;as 
exceptionally good in this role, which she performed with such meticulous care 
and with such feeling that the audience literally went wild with enthusiasm. 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 


Lletuva, May 11 , 1917 . 

It probably would not be an exaggeration to say that this performance of the 
melodrama *^Biruta** was the best ever given in Chicago. 

The supporting cast consisted of the following Chicago Lithuanians: K. 
Sarpalius and J, Stankus as the brothers of Biruta; J. Vaitekunas as the father 
of Biruta; J. Jakutis as Zundsteinas; Misses L« Zilvitis, A. Zemaitis, and S. 
Stanulis as the vestal virgins. 


The songs of the vestal virgins and the ceremonies aroimd the sacred fire o 

created a very deep impression upon the audience. Many remarked that the 

scenes made them feel as though they were really witnessing and living the 

history of Lithuania five hundred years ago. It was not a long play, and when 

it came to an end the audience was so pleased with the performance that 

everyone felt like seeing it all over again, and was reluctant to leave the 


For such a wonderful performance, the Biruta Society and its director, Mp. P. 
Sarpalius, deserve a real word of thanks. The Biruta Chorus has made great 

II 3 1 c (1) - 3 - LITHUxU-TLU'T 


Lietuva, Llay 11, 1917. 

progress, and is now unquestionably one of the best Lithuanian choral groups 
in Chicago. 


- ■ •> 

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Lietuva, liar, 16, 1917. 

SPONSORS LITHU.4i:i.\N \1^ KJLl^ ^ 


The .Vest Side (T;/enty--^ighth) Branch of the Lovers of the Fatherland Society ^ 
sponsored a Lithuanian war relief entertainment on March 11, at Lleldazis Hall. ^ 
The arrangements coroiaittoe, after spending much time and energy in preparation 
for the affair, was rewarded with success. 

The most interesting part of the program was the staging of the three-act play 
"Ant Bedugnes Krasto" (On the Brink of an abyss), wltich was performed by mem- 
bers of the Branches dramatic group. 

In addition to the play thsre vjere songs, rocitations, an oration, and dancing 
on the program. Ilrs. IvI. Vilkas sang a solo. Two sisters, Gasimira and 
Catherine -kauris, sang beautifully the song 'Meile Tevynes Kemari" (Love For 



II 3 1 c (1) - 2 - LITIFJ.\IIIAIT 

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III B 2 Lietuva , Mar. 16, 1917. 

I G 

IV the Fatherland is Immortal). Two little girls, P. Rokis and ^liz. Gasilis, ^ 
greatly impressed the audience with poetry recitations. There vjere sev- :x^ 

eral monologues, which v;ere highly appreciated by tha audience. The oration p 

v/as delivered by Dr. ^. J. Zimontas, president of the Lovers of the Fatherland r^ 

Society. The progran ended with the singing of the Lithuanian National Anthem, ^ 

"Lietuva Tev3nae LIusu" (Lithuania Our Fatherland), by the 2iauris sisters and £> 
the audience. 

A capacity crowd attended. During an intermssioii period a collection was 
made among the audience for Lithuanian war relief. The collection netted a 
total of .^35.06. Therefore, the total proceeds from the affair should aiviount 
to a fairly large sum. 




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II D 1 Naujlenos. May 3, 1916, 


On Sunday, April 30, the Keistutis Benefit Club sponsored a concert and the 5 
presentation of two comedies* The program was held in the Meldazis Hall, ^ 
2242 West 23rd Place* r 


The comedies "Zile Galvon, Velnias TJodegon" (His Hair is Gray but He is Pull § 
of Devilment) and ••Meska'» (A Bear) , by Cechov, were veiy entertaining. The "r-^ 
cast performed very effectively* S 

During the course of the program Mr. J. Uktveris delivered a monologue entitled 
••Nedraaus'* (Not Brave) ; he received tremendous applause. The balance of the 
program consisted of songs by the Keistutis Chorus, which, although only recent- 
ly organized, greatly pleased the audience with its singing. 


Lietuva, Feb, 25, 191G, 



Tlie Little One 

Last viunday at liull House thxeater, A. Yitkauskas' theatrical group pre- 
sented ''The Ureath of Llyrtle". This play v:a3 ospocially v;ell presented* 
Unfortunately'-, as it alv/ays is v;ith the Hull House theater, the attendance 
Vw-as rather small* It seems Lithuanians do not like this place, or that 
it is inconvenient to them, :3ven thDU£;h this theater is small, it has 
never been filled by the Lithuanian public at previous concerts or thea- 
trical performances. 

Notable in this presentation of "The '..reath of I.Iyrtle" v;ere the si^;aifi- 
cant performances of .-^. Vitkauskas in the role of "iidv/ard," and Hiss. Y. 
Zilviciute in the role of "Janina.'* 

LIr, A, Vitkauskas, as ''Jldvrard," of course, cannot be compared v:ith the /cr 

v.- ^ 

S^ ' -• A' 

II 3 1 C (1) - 2 - LI'I^niJTLi;: 

Lietuviu , Sobm :35, 191g, 

Other actors; it v/ould not bo fair, to hi::, or to thejri. l\o matter vdiat 
part Llr* Vitlcauslcas played — even a r.oot ninor role — he viould capture for 
himself the adiairation of all the spectators. Chicago Lithuanicji actors 
at present hcive a {^reat opportunity to learn nuch fron him in tlie dra- 
matic field. 


;.e ou^lit to mention the "di3C0V6ry"0f llr. .-.• Vitkauskas. "jIyot since the 
first time that he ap eared in our midst, it must be adiiitted that he 
has proved his dramatic abilities, i.liss Zilviciute, our v/ell-knovm actress, 
recently has saov.-n much improvem-jnt in acting. It ou ht to be mentioned 
that the map.a::ement of Vitkauskas is brinf^in^ results. 

The other aciiors imprcsiji/ely acted their parts. 

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Naujienos . Feb. 21, 1916. 


The V/est Pullman Lithuanian Benefit Society presented a program on February 12* ^:^ 
A one-act play, "The Thief," was performed by members of the Lithuanian V/bmen's P 
Circle of Itoseland* The acting v/as splendid, and pleased the audience. The 
play itself is short but unusually interesting. 


There were seyeral declamations and monologues after the presentation of the g 
play. A woman who recently arrived from Riga delivered an especially good S! 
declamation that caused many to cry, and brought demands for an encore. Two 
monologues, "The Old I/iaid", recited by Miss L. Dauksas, of Chicago, and "The 
Bachelor", recited by K. Sirvinskas, were very well presented, idany others, 
too numerous to mention, participated in the program. 


The program was followed by dancing, one of the features being "The Flying Liail". 
Two prizes, a bracelet and a box of candy, were offered. The first was won by 
iJiss P. Likas, the second by Miss L. Dauksas. The audience was by no means small, 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHITANIAN 

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Naujienos , Feb* 21, 1916. 

and the sponsors apparently made a p2X>fit. 


II B 1 c (1 ) LITHUAI^IAN 


Naujieno8, Feb* 19, 1915. 

/theatrical club presents DRAl/^^ 

On Sunday, February 13, the Simonas Daukantas Young People's Theatrical 
Club presented a comedy entitled 'Unexpected'* in the Providence of God 
Parish Hall. The acting itself was weak. Miss Klesnavicius was out- 
standing among the actors. 

However, the sponsors should not be ridiculed. They did do something, 
which is better than nothing! Everybody medces mistakes at the beginning! 
As time passes the Simonas Daukantas Club will learn to avoid them. They 
have only to apply themselves. 

There were several excellent vocal solos and recitations after the perform- 
ance. The hall was crowded, and the sponsors are expected to realize a 


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II A 2 Naujienos > Feb. 18, 1916. 

TrailTiS mD BALL 

( Advert i sesnent ) 

A theatrical performance and ball ''vill be s-oonsored by local 269 of the 
Lithuanian Tailors' Union on February 20, 1916 at i:. ?;;eldazis Hall, 2242-44 
//est 23rd Place, The doors v/ill open at 5 P. I.I., and the curtain will 
rise at 6 P. r. The Dramatic Circle v/ill ^resent a \Aronderful comedy en- 
titled ''A Storm in Fair ./eather". 

Dear friends! The Tailors' Union always sponsors wonderful programs, and 
this prop;ram will surpass any of those given hitherto. If you viant to spend 
an evening pleasantly, attend this inrogram and you will be fully satisfied. 
There will be a wonderful ball after the presentation of the play. Balakas' 
Orchestra v/ill play. Admission: fifty cents, thirty-five cents, and tv/enty- 
five cents. 




f II B 1 c (1 ) - 2 - lithjaimia:m 

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II A 2 Naujienos . Feb. 18, 1916. 

The coiTir:ittee extends you a cordial invitation. 







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Lietuva , Feb. 11, 1916. 



One \'lho ?7as There 

On January 30 the Knights (Vytis), Branch 14, presented a play, "St. 
Elizabeth," at St. Anthony Parish Hall, Cicero. The hall was packed 
with people. 

Miss Antanina Jekaviciute called the audience to order and explained 
the purpose of this spectacle. She stated that the proceeds from this 
play were to be used for the erection of a monument to the late Miss 
Petronele Raudonaiciute. 

The play was performed fairly well. Some of the players proved them- 
selves real artists. The proceeds from this performance amounted to 
one hundred dollars. The public was satisfied with the program. We 
need more performances like this. 

V '^ 

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Lietuva, Jan. 2t , 1916. 

'^G^.-EVISVL:" HtZ^.lL "lED 





Last Sunday at rUlaski Kail, the Lithuanian actors under direction of a. 
vitkiauskas, pres^-ated the dra.a "Genevieve/' already veil kr^ovin to the 
Lithuanian public. 

This spectacle is v.ell knovm to iriany Lithua-.ians , but v.hen they savu its 
presentc-tioi. that evening, they v^ere hardly able to recognise it. Not only 
the scenery, but also the spirit of the arama entirely changed when 
these ej.celleixt actors v;ere selected to perfor.a it unaer the supervision and 
the stage luanage-aent of fi. Vitkau^^kas. 


o < 


There' is no need to go into a criticise of the individual actors. They have 
been very well k:nov.ii to us for the past several years, and we have spent 
several pleasant evenings v;atching their presentation of spectacles. But 
at this tiae, it is necesL^ary to mention the new theatrical star which we hod 
opportunity of vatnessing for the first time. I am spealiing about ivlr. x.. . 
Yitkausrcas, who not o.ily was the stage rric.nager, but also played the important 
role of Gol. 

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Metuv^, Jan. :-i8, 1916. 



The theatriCu.1 ability of professional actors can be criticizeQ only by an 
actor. Therefore, as to "criticisji," v.e have nothing to say. The only 
thing v.e can say, however, is v.hat irapression v.e received in seeing this 
play. On th'-t point v;e can say very briefly that Chicago Lithuanians for the 
first time h: vc ^een an artist in the full sense of the v.ord. l.x. Vitrcauskas 
right at the st-rrt took the auGie..ce v.ith hi^Ti, and throu._hout the play, he 
ke-ot theiri v:ith hi:a to the very end. The au(iience forgot about itself and 
re-lived the lives of the personae'^es of the draiaa. It vas noticed that in the 
i-iipre3si\e parts of the play the puolic ..iovea to tears. 

The attendance so ^reat that — as the saying i^^o^s — even the v.alls bul-j^ed, 


and there \;as not a sin.i;le se:-.t. iiov. satisfied v;as the audienc 
V.'e heard nothing but: "V/ell, brother, this a real theater! '^ "I v.'GUla not be 
sorry to throw in five dollars for tnat," and "V.lien v.ill this play be presented 
again? I v.lll oring everybody I'roia my house." 

Bravo, Vitkauskasl Bravo, Chicago Jbithuanian actors! Give us .nore of such 

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Lletuva , J:.ji. ^l, 1'j16. 



N - .. - . .^ ^ W^ A. 

. ^ ■.' '^' a- 

Branch 14'3 of t-i^ Lov rs oi* th-^ l.ot.ieriand So i sty is situated in Hoseland, 
and on Ji^nuury v it --av:. a ^erf^r- aace ^t Struj:.iia53 Broor.srs Hall. This 
perfor: lance v:as in l.r^nor of th^ t.jentietl. a":':niv-3rsar".' of the Lovors oi' the 
I'othorland Literary Sociot", and also in cel9bra-.i ni of the tenth anniversarv 
of the first Lib:uanian convention held in Tilnius, Lithuania. 

The br.inch presented t::e one-act c D'^.edy "The Deaf Jon-in-Lav/\ ilfter* the 
perforr.iance, there v;e:?e decla .ations a:::: a speech v;a:^. delivered by Dr. A. 
Zimontas. T;venty-t! res dollars .ti3 collected for Lithuanian war-sufferers. 

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III H Lietuva , Jan. 21, 191o. 
I G 

TO 'UllS '.:An 3UFFiJ-aCRS 


- O 

On Sunday, January 23, at Pulaslci Hall, 18th otreet and Ashland ^venue, V^'-,-/ 
there v/ill be a theatrical performance that v/e urge oil Lithuanians to 
attend. Tliere villi be a Dresentation of the drama "Genevieve." It v/ill 
be performed by the best Lithuanian artists of Chicago, including Llr, A. 
Vitkauskas v/ho recently caiiie from Lithuania. 

There is no doubt that tliis performance v/ill be one of the best ever pre- 
sented in Ghica.'^o. The proceeds derived from this performance v;ill be 
given to the Lithuanian v/ar sufx'erers in Lithuania. 

Everyone should coir.e. You v/ill not be disappointed. 


LietuTO, Jan. 7, 1916 • 


After the recent arrival in Chicago of the actor LIr. A. Vitkauskas, from 
Lithuania, great activity began among Lithuanian play lovers, 'Thy Not J 
They must take advantage of the opi)ortunity, which, up to the present time, 
they have not had. Much can be learned from this artist, who is a graduate 
of the drama school. Therefore, the most able Lithucmian artists formed a 
group, for the purpose of organizing one of the best and greatest Lithuanian 
dramatic centers in Chicago. 

In Chicago, there are many Lithuanian actors of great talent. By having 
such a leader as Mr. A. Vitkauskas, the art of the drama will reach its high- 
est peak among us. 

luT. vitkauskas immediately plunged into the work. A troup was organized at 
once, and began to study the play ''Genevieve.^ ^ e have heard that Lir. Vitkauskas 
is very much satiBfied with the Chicago Lithuanian theatrical group's talents. 

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7 T.-n- T-; -'-J T' 

Lietuva , Jan. 7, 1916 • 

The drama ^'Genevieve *^ v/ill be presented on January 23, at Puiaski Hall. 
% have also heard that I.'r, Vitkausk'is is vn^iting a nev: tdIb^/ for the 
Chicago Lithuanians. 

Next nonth the Birute v/ill present the '»Bev7itched Dulce"; the stage manager 
will be vr. Vitkauskas. 


-> \ 

• / 

.— -^ 

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Lietuva, Dec. 31, 1915. 


Oh Sunday evening, December 26, the Lithuanian Dramatic Circle of 
Roseland, Illinois, presented a four-act drama entitled "Gadynes Zaizdos" 
(Wounds of the Century), All the actors and actresses in the play are 
members of the Circle, which was recently formed for the purpose of pro- 
moting dramatic art among Chicago Lithuanians. 

The affair was a great success from all angles. Besides the drama, the 
program included music, singing, and dancing. An unusually large crowd 
attended. Proceeds from the affair have been donated to Bruno Laucevicius, 
famous Lithuanian writer and playwright, who is now gravely ill and in need 
of financial assistance. It is said that a large profit resulted from the 

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Lietuva , Sept. 10, 1915. 

iiL]:/ Lii5iii:aTi;iii CLUB GL(a.:a::^^D 

A ne;7 Lithuanian theatrical club has been organized in the Bridgeport section 
of Chicafip. The organization has been named the "/unusement Club", The pur- 
pose of this organization \.ill be to develop e^nd organize a Lithuanian theater, 
Plans are being riade to lease the second-floor liall of the Idlda Theater, 3140 
South Ealsted Street, and establish a daily vaudeville shov/. Later, if these 
shov;s are sufficiently supported and endorsed by the Lithuanian public, the 
Lithuania Theater, at 3214 South Tlalsted Street, v/ill be opened and the daily 
Lithuanian vaudeville shov/s v/ill bo continued there. 

II 3 1 c (1) 


Lietuva, Llay 7, 1915. 

Chicago Lithuanians have been co:aplaining for a long tiias that our theatrical 
perforiiiances are of inferior quality, Th3 cause of our low tlieatrical stand- 
ing can be easily explained by the fact that our theatrical artists are ama- 
teurs, who are engaged in otiier lines of work for a livelihood because they 
do not receive any remuneration for their theatrical efforts. i\nother reason 
for this situation is that v/e do not have a permanent and continuous theater 
of our own. 

Now is an opportune time to establish a daily Lithuanian vaudeville theater, 
vxith continuous Lithuanian theatrical performances. In order to realize this 
aim the co-operation of all tlieatrical artists and patrons is necessary. 

A meeting for the piirpose of establishing a permanent Lithuanian theater in 
Chicago will take place on Satui'day evenin(r, Haj'' 8, at the Lithuania Theater, 

VPA o: 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHO^JX^ 

Lietuva , !!ay 7, 1915. 

3214 South Halsted Street. Members of all Lithuanian theatrical P:roups or 
clubs and other interested individuals are invited to attend. 

Ways and means for establishing a continuous Lithuanian vaudeville theater 
and matters pertaining to the interests of Lithuanian theatrical artists will 
be discussed at the meeting. Those ;vho are unable to attend the meeting x^er- 
sonally are invited to v/rite letters, to be addressed to the Lithuanian • 
Vaudeville Theater, 3252 South Halsted Str.r^et. 

II B 1 c (1) . LITHUANIM 


.Lietuva, I'ar. 12, 1915. 


The Sacred Heart of Jesus Society of Cicero, Illinois staged the melodrama 
^Genovaite'' (Genevieve) last week at L:eldazis ^Tall, 23rd Place and South 
Oakley Avenue. Generally spealcin^, the performance was satisfactory. The 
cast of players included the followinc Lithuanian theatrical artists: 
''Genovaite^, by I.Iiss !.!. Daujotas; ^'Golius", by !!r. B. Liebonas; '^Sigytas'S 
by Llr. K. L!atulis; and others. L^iss L. Jucevicius recited a poem entitled 
"Kada Lietuva Kariavo'* (V/hen Lithuania 'Vas at 7/ar) with much success. 

II B 1 c (1) 
1*1 13 1 d 
II ^ 1 


Lietuva, Feb. 19, 1915. 
LOVERS OF iH:: F .'iH ;lvL.JTD ^T.^i.::] CCL:Xrf "E:2 oULO" 

Cn last -^unday, February 14, cctors of Br -inch 38 of the i^overs of the Father- 
land oociety st-i ,ed ''Be ^ulo" (A ;:3tave i..issing), a comedy, at Leldazis Hall, 
23rd Place and Jouth Galley ;.vonue. In addition to the play there v.ere orations, 
recitations, a duet, and a inonoloc:ue on the pro.^ram. Tlie program vjas sponsored 
by the Farmers of Lithuania ^cci-^ty. 

The cast of players in the comedy v^s as follov.-s: "Dolieba", l..r. Balsevicius; 
''Gofia", Liss A. Ulkaitis; "Llare", Lliss J. Tanusauskas; '»Fabriko oavininkas", 
lur. J. Kaminskas; "Jule", the servant cirl, i.lss J. Valaikis. 

i.Ir» J, Biezis delivered a talk on the advuntanes of belon^^inr to a benefit 
society, ioiss .^x. Ulkaitis and ].>». A. Palionis recited a number of beautiful 
poems. The Zauris sisters sane a duet, i..r. 3. Skudolskis playino the accompani- 

The popular Lithuanian humorist, I.j?. V. Brusokas, and ivlr. P. Sliogeris, staced 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 2 - LITHUAI^LOT /^^ ^N 

II B 1 d I'l " 

II ^ 1 Lietuva , Feb. 19, 1915 • V^ ^ 

a one-act comedy entitled "Jtepukas su otepuku" (Stephen and Little Stephen) • 
The foriTier played the role of **3tephen^*; the latter played the role of the 
former* s son, ^'Little Stephen". In this play the father ci"^es advice to his 
son, but the son does not accept the advice \=ithout criticism. The act created 
laughter to the point of tears amons the audience. 

After the procram the floor v;as cleared for dancing, Vvhich lasted till midnight • 
The large crov;d which attended the aff^.ir behaved very nicely» The Lithuanian 
Youth of the Vest Side coiriniunity are to be congratulated for presenting such a 
fine evening of entertainment. 

• \. 

XI ^ l a (1) 

WPA (ILL) PRCJ, 35275 

Naujienos , Jan. 9, 1915 


p. &•... At a meeting of the Lithuanian Dramatic Circle, Jan. 7, a motion was 
made and carried to join the Federation of Chicago Lithuanian Societies. 

The group is now making preparations to stage two dramas: "Annihilationists," 
and '• C ont raband i & t s . " 

This dramatic circle is the most famous dramatic organiz:ation among Chicago 



II B 1 c (1) 
I B 1 

Naujienos , Jan. 4,1915 


p. 3.,.. Last Sunday evening, Jan.Srd, the 18th Street Lithuanian Dramatic Circle 
successfully presented "A Ruined Life," a three act drama dealing with temperance 
to a large audience ai> the C,S#P* hall* 

The play revolved around the main character, fanner Zluobis, showing how he 
acquired the drinking habit and how that ultimately ruined his life. 

The role of farmer Zluobis was played by P. Buragas, who did his part unually well 

The other important roles were played by John iiotuzas, Ifiss Kalvaites, and 
liliss Karpavicius. 

We would like to suggest that our plajrwrights and artists devote more time to 
more realistic portrayal of love scenes. There is wide variety of views and 
attitudes towards that subject among the audience. In order to produce an 
agreeable effect the subject must be handled with great care. 

II B 1 c (1) 


Naujienos, Jan. 2,1915. ,^^, „, ,^.^^^ 

<r» .A {nXJ rr^UJ c^iit,/;^ 


p. 8,.,.. A workingman spends most of his life in providing for the material 
needs of life. He finds very little time Co acquaint himself with the 
imperfections of life thru newspapers and books where he might gleam many 
valuable lessons of life. 

io most of our people a dramatical play is the mobt accessible and pleasant 
means of gaining an education. Lessons on desirable living may be learned 
from the drama, which depicts the story of human life and character in all 
its aspects. In a drama a small group of individuals depict in a concentrated 
form the evils and imperfections in the characters of thousands of different 

Tomorrow evening, Jan. 3rd, the 18th Street Lithuanian Dramatic Circle will 
present a three act drara, "A nuined Life," by P. feciulis, at 1126 V/.lSth St. 
This is a very impressive and educational play, dealing with teii?)erance. It 
contains a moral for thousands of people. All Lithuanians are invited. 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 


Lietuva, Jan. 1, 1915, 


The tvjenty-seccnd and thirty-seventh branches of the Lithuanian Socialis^t 
League presented their third annual Christiaas entertainment on the evening of 
December 25, at the Meldazis Hall, 25rd Place and South Oakley Avenue. It 
appears that the quality of the program v^as not as good as that of the previous 
entertainments of the League. 

The most interesting part of the progra/a v;a£ the presentation of the comedy 
"ZydciS Statineje" (A Jew In A Barrel). 

The balance of the program consisted of speeches, songs, and a monologue 
entitled "luotina" (ikiOtii,^r)# One of the speakers referred to the Reverend 
Schmidt scandal (in Poland )• 

The audience appeared to be especially pleased with the songs, including the 
French "ii/Iarseillaise," which v.ere sung by the chorus of the eighty-first branch 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 2 - LITIIUANL^ilT 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Lietuve, Jan. 1, 1915. 

of the Lithuanian Socialist League. The monologue was very effectively de- 

A capacity crowd attended the- entertainment. It was observed that quite a 

number of people v.ere unable to find seats and had to stand. 



II B I c (1) 

II D 10 


I G 


Lietuva, Dec. 25, 1914« 


The Alliance of Dramatic Societies presented "The iilnchanted Duke" at the 
new Lithuanian Hilda Theater Saturday evening. 

The performance was somewhat v/eak« 

The proceeds of the affair were to be donated for Lithuanian war relief. 
Because of this 01sezev;skis, who ov/ns the ililda Theater, made no 
charge for the use of the theater. 

The Sarpalius and Hermcm orchestras played during the performance. The 
musicians also donated their services. 

II B 1 C (1) 

II D 10 

I G 

- 2 - 

Lietuva, Dec, 25, 1914, 


It is estimated that about a hundred dollars profit v/as made. 

II B 1 c (1) 

II D 10 

I G 


Lietuva , Dec. 25, 1914. 
( Smnnary ) 

The Alliance of Dramatic Societies presented 'Ivlindaiigis" at the new Lithuanian 
Milda Theater last Sunday night. 

The various actors revealed their best talents in this performance, despite 
the fact that "Mindaugis'* is a heavy historical play and has many difficult 

The proceeds of the affair were to be donated for Lithuanian war relief. 
Because of this, Mr. Olszewskis, who owns the kilda Theater, made no charge 
for the use of the theater. 

The Sarpalius and Herman orchestras played during the performance. The 
musicians also donated their services. 

It is estimated that about a hundred dollars profit v/as made. 

• , * 

II 3 1 c (1 ) LIOimiTIAH 

II 3 1 d 

IV Lietuva, Dec. IS, 1914. /^^ 


;;o:.:]u»3 sogett ri^dnir^ "Tiz: :idi:oli." v^ 

The .;onen»s liinliGhteninent oociety presented a five-act drama, ''The Iludliole," 
at ::eldazis Hall last Saturday. 

The Cast: 

Stephen Basrevicius 3. Yaitekunas 

Lladge Ilrs. il. Daitiijonaitis 

Caroline ^^'-iss L. Zilvitis 

Anna I.iss A. Sanolis 

iinthony ^* Sanloinas 

Jolm Greblys A. Yisbaras 

Liudvikas i^- Sirvinskas 

Idchael J^ Briedis 

Georgie ^^* Lebeckis 

The play has many excellent scenes, especially to\7ard the end. Tito of the 

II B 1 c (1) 

- 2 - 



1 d 

Ldetuva, Dec. 18, 1914. 

comiaon faults of Liost of our actors, insufficient knov;ledfj;e of the role and 
frequent pauses in the readin,^ of lines, v/ere evident in this presentation. 
The latter fault, practically destroyinc the sincerity of the acting, is 
alto^^ether the fault of the prompter. This v;as especialljr noticeable in the 
more important scenes of tlie play. Considered individually^, sone of the 
actors played their roles v;ell. 

Though the audience vjas small, it uas reported that the Society Vvrill not 
suffer a loss. There v;as dancin/:: until about 2:30 a. II., after the play. 


/lietuva luditor^s Ilote: Cur ref^ular correspondent, I-r. ^.esculapius, had 
another opinion of the presc^ntation of "Tlie liudhole". Pointing out that 
the presentation v;as rade Vj i.ior.ibors of the Drarna Society, he called it 
successful and especially coLcr.ended 1-iss .. Sanolis, vjho, he said, acted 
her role in natural fashion. Her perforixince was held up as an example to 
our dramatic amateurs by \x. .^esculapius^ 

II B 1 c (1) 

II D 1 

Lietuva , Oct. 30, 1914. 

/Li^niiLj:i;ji occL^Ti pi^ssirrs zaz:m/ 


WPA (!LL,^ FHOJ, 30275 

The 3ociet'" of the Flag of Lithuania in .jierica, i'urriber One, presented a 
theatrical program at ::eldazis Hall laiit Juiiday, October 25. In its adver- 
tisements it promised to present the tv;o-act coaedy, "The LCatchmaking, " 
*^-!ike*s Conversation v;ith His Father," "The Greenhorn," etc., but only "The 
LlatclLTiaking*' v;as presented. Frankly, it would be a good idea nqt to bore 
the public v/ith such things as the conversations of "liike" and his father. 
The acting v;as fair. It v;as evident tiiat the actors v;ere giving their best. 
The following were outstanding: F. Gerbenis, Hiss F. Pocius, J. Graborskis, 
Hiss J. 3argas, and ::• Sirvinokcs. 

It is impossible to say where the audience had gathered from. It was evident 
that this was the first program many had ever attended. Hardly a word es- 
caped the artists without boing repeated by the audience. These people should 
learn hov/ to conduct themselves at a theatrical perforiaance. There was 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITini-J^L-ilJ 
II D 1 

Lietuva, Oct. oO, 1914. iA,'pf, z^- ^ p--,. ,-<--■ 
dancing after tlie program. The audience was not vei^r lar^re. 

II B 1 (1) LimPANIAN 

II B 1 a 

17 Lietuva, Oct* 30, 1914* 


The Bixnite Society presented a one-act playlet , **Gaila Usu^ (I Miss }fy Mustache), 
written by L« A, Dmusevskl cuid translated by A. Vegele, at the St* George Parish 
HclLI last Sunday. The actors were J. Vltkevlcla, J* Staslunas, A. Glebaltls, 
Miss P* Rudaus]cas, and Miss J. Aleknavlclus. The Blrute Chorus, under the 
direction of A* Poclus, sang a few songs after the play. 

II B 1 c (1) 
II B 1 a 


Lietuva, Oct. ."50, 1914* 


The Alliance of Chicaco Lithuanian Draiaatic Societies held a social gathering 
at the Elijosius Hall, 46th and V/ood Streets, last Saturday. The purpose of 
the gathering v;as to provide an opportunity for the meinbers of the various 
societies to become acquainted. 

A short proGraii v/as also presented. The qxiartet (violin, cello, flute, and 
piano) of the Chicago Lithuanian Concert Club rendered three musical selections 
Miss A* Ulkis gave a recitation and M. M. Jusi:a related several laugh-provoking 
anecdotes, llr. Strimaitis, B. Vargsas, Dr. K. Drangelis, K. Jurgelionis and 
several other representatives of various societies spoke. 

II B 1 c (1) LITHUAI^^LAK 
.II D 1 

III E Lletuva, Oct* IG, 1914^ 


The Society of the l.lotlierland Lovers, Huraber One, presented a program at 
the St. George Parish Kail last Sunday. A one-act comedy, ^'An Eye for an 
j^ye^ a Tooth for a Tooth, ^ v/as presented by the artists of the Youth Circle* 

The performance cannot be described as successful. It v/as hampered by the 
failure of the actors to raise their voices. 

The infants v;hich some v;omen brought to the affair also districted the 
audience *s attention. A monologue, rendered after the play, v/as successful* 
There was dancing after the program. The attendance large. 


II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 d 

IV Lietuva, Oct, 16, 1914. 


Chapter 28 of the Lovers of the Motherland Society sponsored a dramatic presen-^" 
tation at the Meldazis Hall last Sunday. This chapter of the organization is 
the largest in Chicago • 

B, Vargsas' five-act drama, "John's Heart," was presented. The fundaiaental 
theme of the play is revenge — an overwheLaing revenge born of a disappointing 
love affair. A deep love, deeper than life itself, f lanes in the heart of 
John, a young man who is shunned and derided by all. 

Agnes is John's world. Agnes' love is the sublime canopy of the heavens in 
which John yearns to envelop his narrow — but to him, full — world. For that 
love John leaves everything and travels to distant America. For that love 
John goes into the hell of a steel foundry and, witholding the very food 
from his own mouth, saves his money which is intended for the foundation of 
his future happiness. Through the thunder of the machines he can hear Agnes' 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

II B 1 d 

IV Lietuva, Oct. 16, 1914* 

voice. The star of his futiire happiness shines in a smoky sky. His deep love 
makes the poor and deserted orphan a mighty potentate who smashes all the 
barriers in the path of his happiness. 

John rettirns to Lithuania, wealthy and with an assuirance of the greatest happi- 
ness in his heart. He hurries to the home of his beloved, to the happiness he 
had expected. But, in the house where John had expected to neet happiness, he 
learns that Agnes is already engaged and is to marry his only and best friend, 
Vincas . 

The overwhelming love in John*s heart becomes an overv/helming desire for revenge, 
without measure and without mercy. John vows to avenge the deceit. From this 
moment on John*s heart feels only his trampled love, the broken word, shouting 
for revenge. John is as big in his desire for revenge as he v/as in his love. 
His only thought is to repay those who had wounded his heart and had stolen his 
happiness. Sometimes the love smothered by the hate attempts to rise and threat- 
ens to shatter the awful revenge. But John^s iron heart quickly chases it out 
and again flames only with revenge. 

II B 1 c (1) -,3 - Ll'rHuAi;jLAlNi 

11 B 1 d 

IV Lietuva, Oct. 16, 1914. 

John achieves his aim. Thanks to him, Vincas, Agnes, and her mother lose 
their home and experience hardships. Agnes dies in the midst of miserable 
poverty. John learns of this. Kis iron heart, revengeful but still loving, 
cannot withstand this blow, and the unhappy giant that is John kills himself. 
Thus ends the terrible drama of John's heart. 

This is not the place to make a detailed study of the play. "John" was played 
by P. Stuogis. One could not completely see in him the "John" painted by the 
author, but he acted his role v/ell just the same. In the second act the actor 
entered the role fully, and here that awful drama which boiled in John's heart 
was clearly evident. Ur. Stuogis* acting shouia be called first-class. 

Mrs. Valionis presented a good and natural characterization of a Lithuanian 
village matron in the role of "Petrone ," Agnes' mother. Of the others, D. 
Slapelis and V. Brusokas should be mentioned. 

II B 1 c (1) - 4 - LITHUAI-T1AI>^^ 

II B 1 d 

IV Lietuva , Oct. 16, 1914. 

The makeup and costuining was also praiseworthy, especially the makeup. He 
who applied the makeup must be ackov/ledged an expert in his line. 

There are also some new decorations in the hall. Now it will not be necessary 
to gaze upon the same scene forever. 

Two young misses, K. Burdulis and J. Vaurinskas, gave beautiful recitations 
during intermissions. It is unfortunate, however, that they did not reveal 
the titles of the poems and the names of the authors. During one of the 
intermissions, Dr. K. Drangelis spoke about the Lovers of the Lotherland 

The affair ended with dancing. The attendance was not very large. Lany 
unforeseen circumstances were the cause of this, it v;as explained by the 
president of the chapter. ;7e learned, from the same source, that the chapter 
is getting along very well. 

II B 1 c (1) 
IB 1 

Lietuva, Oct. 9, 1914. 



The Temperance Society held a meeting in Town of Lake last Sunday. A three- 
act play, "On the Brink of an Abyss'', was presented. 

Ihe acting vjas not very good. Some of the actors did a poor job of learning 
their roles. Though it was apparent that some of the actors were capable of 
playing their roles well, their failure to learn their lines hampered them. 
It was evident that little preparation had been made, because some of the 
actors kept conin/:^ and going through the v/rong doors. However, there were 
a few who acted well. ?. Virbickis and Y. Pauksta were very good. J. Vaicis 
played his role well. Kazmauskas and Miss A.J. Runsas were adequate. Some 
criticism could also be made of the decorations. 

The program was greatly improved by recitations and songs. The chorus was 
directed by V. Dauksa. There was dancing after the program. 

II 3 1 c 

^_^ LITHTJ;i!^IA]^^ 

II E 1 a 
IV Lietuva, Sept. 18, 1914. 

/bii^uth: ^ccriiTT oy^vs season/ 

Last Sunday the Birute Society opened its new season with the presentation of 
the four-act drama, '*Tlie Lithuanians,'* at T^eldazis Hall. The selection of 
performers was a happy one, and, according to the verdict of the public, the 
play was well acted. As one old veteran of the staf^e expressed it, Birute 
could not have had a more successful openinf% Several songs were ^dded to 
the play and were sun^ by the Birute directed ty A. Pocius. Two com- 
positions by C. Sosnauskas, "Lek, Sakaleli" and "Karveleli T'elynasis," ^.*^ere 
amonp- the sonrs rendered. 


II I) 1 c (1? LI1^1J.:i!:L;iT 

II 13 1 a 

III 2 Lietuvi , oe-)t. 11, 1914. 

IV _ • _ 

'Vhe Chorus oi the National Club of Youn."* Lithuanians in America presented 
a >ra^rarfi at the ...eldazis Hall on oe-otonber 6, A tv.-o-aci. with an 
enilogue, "The- 3aloon/* v/as presented. The director v/as Llr. B. Vaitekunas. 
The perforniance vjus r,ood. The outstaidi.'ig ac'>ors v;ere Lli^.ses J. 
Lukasevicius and J, Oernauskas and I.'essrs. J, : iKalauskas, J. Jani-causkas, and 
l\ ]■:. Juodis. 

The prof^rain, like all the .^ore i:nportant ones of the Club, vjas mad^^ up of tv;o 
parts, a play and a concert. The concert distinguished itself with its 
variety, as usual. Several choruses participated in the program. Ix. 
Girnius was the rraster of ceremonies for the concert. L-iss '^. G-irijotas 
was one of the chorus directors. The chird chorus director who participated 
was i^^r. i'^tilius. In :^-eneral, the affair was a success. 

There was d-incin,-: after the pro^;ram. 

II B 1 c (1) 


Lietuva, Sept. 11, 1914. 


A gathering at which a play was presented took place in the yard of the St. 
Anthony Parish in Cicero on Sunday, August 30. The four-act historical drama 
•*L!irga" was presented. Since the weather was favorable, it was possible to 
stage the play in the churchyard, which was specially decorated for the pro- 
gram. This was the first perfoimance of a play among us Lithuanians that has 
taken place in the open. 

^♦Mirga** is a very beautiful historical play which clearly portrays the relations 
between Lithuania and Poland in medieval times. Besides the presentation of 
^Mirga^, the prograra was varied by good monologues and the recitation of 
various poems. 

The evening's program was opened with a monologue, "Life — Struggle — Success", 

which was delivered by Miss P. Spranaitis. Then Miss lA. Ivinskis recited 

the poem **T37aku Pilis", which made a pleasant impression on the listeners. ^ 

^o »'■^': 9] 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITH[JANI/JT 

Lietuva , Sept. 11, 1914. 
The declamation was very good* 

After this the presentation of "M.rga" was begun. It was performed in 
praiseworthy fashion. All the actors knew their roles well. The roles 
were distributed thus: Uiss 3. Slegaitis as "Mirga" (she performed well); 
B. Liebonas as "Bilgenas" (his acting was good); Miss P. Laurinavicius as 
"Ona" and "idostevas" ishe was outstanding v;ith her clear diction); 
K. Ivinskis as "Vytautas" and "Proska" I his acting was passable although 
his diction was not clear) ; A. Vastokas and iJiss l^. Ivinskis as soldiers 
(you could not distinguish v/hich of the soldiers w^^s the girl); Joseph 
Vilkelis as "Gimbutas" i though he had his role memorized his acting was 
weak and he spoke too softly). 

It must be pointed out that these actors are all students and are young. 

Poems were recited between the acts, of which there are four in "Mirga". 
After the first act, Lliss B. Kerbadas recited "Mergele Rutu Darzelyje" 

II 3 1 c (1) - 3 - LITHITAHIAIJ 

Lletuva , Sept. 11, 1914. 

(The Girl in the Garden of Hue). The second declairaer was Miss Ann 
Johnson, vfeo recited ''Vilnius" • -tifter the second act, "Ant Vytauto Kapo** 
(On Vytautas' Grave) v/as recited ver\^ well by little L. Norkevicius. After 
him, Lliss V. Feiza recited "Sv. Jurgio Kareiviai" (The Soldiers of St. George) 

This was the first large prograii of its kind in this vicinity. It was 
apparent that all who had attended were satisfied. After the program those 
attending amused themselves by participating in various Lithuanian folk 
games and Lithuanian folk dances. The gathering dispersed about midnight. 
A local Lithuanian student, Ivir. B.G. Liebonas, who attends R.T. Crane High 
School, was the :;.ost active person in the preparation of this affair. He 
is /Generally a fervent worker in the preparations for programs and various 
entertainments . 

II B 1 c (1) 
II B 1 a 

II D 1 



Lietuva, Sept. 4, 1914. 


Lodges 3 and 4 of the Lithuanian Roman Catholic vfomen's Alliance spon- 
sored a meeting \^dth a varied program at St. George Parish Hall last 
Sunday. Among other things, the comedy, ^The Gordian Knot" {♦♦Neatmez- 
gamas I/Iazgas"), ;vas presented. The presentation of the play was considered 
a success. The second part of the progra.Ti 7;as devoted to a concert, 
.which proceeded very smoothly. l{rs. 0. Mikalauskas opened the program 
with a piano solo which pleased the audience very much. Mrs. M. Jan- 
usauskas sang "Kur Bakuze Samanota" and "Fior Di Margherita". lirs. 
Janusauskas drew forth a storm of applause with her singing and was 
forced to sing a third song not on the program. A young girl of about 
thirteen, Mss J. Urbius, met -jirith the same sort of success when she 
recited "!^ Cross'^. She v/as also forced by applause to offer an extra 
number. The Kankliu Male Quartet was also good. The program was brought 
to a close by the Kankliu Chorus, directed by Mr. B. Janusauskas. The 
chorus also earned much applause and had to sing an encore. TJie chorus 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHUANIA?! 

II B 1 a 

II D 1 Lietuva , Sept* 4, 1914* 


brought the program to an end by singing the Lithuanian national anthem. 
translator's note: The Kankliu Chorus mentioned here was a local organi 
zation in the 3t. George Parish and should not be confused with the 
Kankliu Chorus which was organized by Lithuanian Comraunists in 1919.7 

II B 1 c (1 ) LITKUiJTLlN 



Lietuva, June 5, 1914, 


The recently organized girls* and \\omen*s Holy Aiary^s Hosary Society sponsored 
its first affair at the St. George Parish Hall last Sunday. "^^ Mouse in the 
Head, A Devil in the Tail" was presented 

-- V 

II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 


Lietuva , iiay 29, 1914. 



The Lithuanian Youth Circle had its last affair of the season I*!iay 24, at 
which J. J. Zolp's translator's note* — Also known as Zolpis and Zolpys/^ 
original play ''The Two Brothers,'' was presented. •••• The presentation, 
generally speaking, was good. 

We also take this opportunity to announce that the Youth Circle will cele- 
brate its fifth anniversary in September. J". J. Zolp's original play, "The 
Noblemen of Lithuania," is being prepared for presentation on the anniversary 

II B 1 c (1) LrE-iUAI>TLiII 

III B 2 

Lietuva, May 15, 1914 • 


The newly organized Snli{^ten!rient Society, in Bumside, gave an affair 
last Sunday • The comedy **2ile (Jalvon, Velnias Vuodagon'* (A Mouse in the 
Head, A Devil in the Tail), was presented^*^.* 

II B 1 c (1 ) 

III B 2 

Lietuva, liay 8, 1914. 



Chapter 28 of the Lovers of the Motherland Society sponsored an affair at 
the Heldazis Hall last Sunday. A three-act dra.^a "The People'* and a tvvo- 
act comedy "FroFx Liquor ', v^ere presented 

\ •.- . 



II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 

IV Lletuva, Hay 8, 1914. 



Last Sunday, the Drama Society ended its season v/ith the presentation 
of '^Enchanted Wealth," a melodrama, at the ot. George Parish Kail. 

Participating in this final play v/ere: B# Vaitieknnas, J. Briedis, P. 
Sirvinskas, Sankunas, Miss L. Zilvicius, and Liiss Llontvilas* 

i -> ^- a ! 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a 

III ^ 
I C 

I £ 


«aujleno8« April 15« 1914* 



On Easter evening at the Meldasis Hall the Youth of Freedom Musical and 
Dramatic Society performed a two-act comedy play called "Seised^*' The 
comedy iias interesting and amusing* It gave a good picture of the past 
struggle between the Lithuanian peasants and the Polish noblemen^ 

Some of the actors were quite stiffs shy and lacked experience in the 
art of acting* i^evertheiess, the comedy deserves credit for its perform- 
ance* All actors did their part to the best of their ability* After the 
play there was singitag by three different choirs* The first to sing 
was the Lithuanian Socialist League^ 81st local, choir; next came the 
Freedom of Youth choir and the Chicago Lithuanian Socialist Hen*s choir* 
The last choir was the best, and some of the singers were very good* 
This choir sang seven songs and received great applause from the audience* 

After the performance there was a rose dance, and the winner received a 
bou(iuet of roses* The hall was full of people and they all enjoyed them- 
selves and had a fine time on Easter evening* 


I D 2 a (2) 

HI B 2 Lietuva , Apr. :5, 1914. 

/"li'P:-iu;jiiait union PRr;siiM'3 flayJT' 

The Lithuanian CJarnent ::orkers» Union, Local 269, had an affair at the 
Meldazis Hall last Sunday. The Draiiiatic Circle of the Lithuanian 
Socialist Alliance presented the drama, "The Foreign Grod." 



Lietuva, Feb. 27, 1914 • 


The St. Anne*s Society (of Kensington) sponsored an affair Sunday at which 
one of the most active Chicago youth clubs, the Lithuanian Youth Circle, 
presented the playlet "The Expropriator'*..... 

A- "^ 



II B 1 c (1) 


IT Lietuva . Feb. 27, 1914. /c- ,/^^ 

III B 2 ^ [-"'■'^'^ -' 



The Farr.aers of Lithuania Society sponsored an affair at the Meldazis Hall 
last Sunday night. A two-act farce, "The JSxpropriator,** speeches, and rec- 
itations were presented. Outstanding by their good acting in the play were 
Y. Brusokas, Vxs. S. Yalonis, Kiss A. Ulkis, B. Lenkauskas, and A. Llatkus . 
The recitations were given by I.!iss K. Zauris and Kiss A. Jaukstas. 

In his speech 3. Euzis pointed out the achievements of the Society, 

II B 1 c (1) LITHU^IIiUvr 

II B 1 d 

Lietuva, Feb. 27, 1914. 


Last Saturday the Birute Society presented L. Gi3?a*s three-act tragedy, "Revenge," 
at the St. George School Hall, in Bridgeport. In the leading roles v;ere Lliss E. 
Rudauskas ("Lela") and /Alexander Llicevicius ("Kunas", a fjiight) 

II B 1 c (1 ) 


Lietuva , Jan. 16, lJi4, 

/po.m:i rREsi:NTEr BY ijR^;^v society/ 


The Drama Society presented a four-act coiiedy, "^Vith fleasure," at the St. 
GeoPt^e Parish liall, January 11. The play or(_-inally v.ritten in Gerjian 
by G. Loser and was translated into Lithuanian by i..ariute. 

The folloving actors v.ere in the principal roles: B. Vaitiekxinas, J. Sankunas, 
F. Sirvinskas, a. Dovidonis, iT. ^riedis, .... :..ontviliute, ^, Saacliute, and 

' :-.J^ 

II 3 1 c (1) 

III B 4 
III B 2 
I C 


Lietuva, Dec. 19, 1913, 


Pranas Butkus 

In his article "Concerning Our Theaters" in a recent issue of Lietuva, S.F.Z, 
writes about Chicago Lithuanian theatrical societies. Ke made the suggestion 
that all the Chicago Lithuanian theatrical societies should organize them- 
selves into one strong organization; and he says further that sooner or 
later this will come about because the public, and the art and the business 
affairs of the theatrical societies are all forcing then to do it. 

Sorry that I^r. S.F.Z. did not appear three years ago with his honest sug- 
gestions. At that time the musical and dramatic society Birute of Chicago 
was trying its best to organize all the Lithuanian theatrical societies 
into one Lithuanian theatrical society, not simply of Chicago, but of the 
United States. The Birute society not only spent several dollars at that 
time, but also much time and energy in that cause. It called two meetings 
of the theatrical societies of Chicago, and also prepared the rules for 
the Drama Societies Association. But all tnis v/ork has gone for nothing. 

- 2 - 

Lietuva, Dec. 19, 1913. 


II 3 1 c (1) 

III 3 4 
III 3 Z 
I C 

At the first meeting we noticed that our youth is not yet ready for 
such an achievement. I remember very well that there came to this meeting 
some people who were not simply representatives of organizations; these 
people came to do harm, or to mock. But the Birute Society did not give 
up the idea. At many other meetings this problem v/as discussed. A 
committee was even selected so that, if the opportunity came, it could 
bring up the question publicly. 

Vflien the Chicago Lithuanian Societies Association \i^s organized two years 
ago, the Birute Society thought that many Lithuanian theatrical societies 
would join this organization. It would then liave been possible to organize 
within this Association a nationalistic art branch, and the results which 
Mr. S.F.Z. seeks in his article would have been secured. In such an or- 
ganization, as in the arms of a real mother, it could have been under- 
stood that v/e are brothers and sisters of one and the same idea — that we 
are workers in the field of national culture, \;orking cordially together 
to help each other for the benefit of the national cause in order that 
this important work of art should be of benefit, not only to ourselves, 
but to the public as well. Therefore, the Birute Society is waiting 




II 3 1 c (1 ) - 3 - LITnUAITLAII 

III 3 4 

III B Z Lietuva , Dec. 19, 1913. 

I C 

for you, — you that are of the sane idea — to come to our Association! 
Eere among us, you \vill find that our, and the national idea are the same. 

It is known from the newspaper announcements that the second convention of 
the Chicago Lithuanian Societies Association will be held on Januar^^'' 18, 
1914 in Aurora Hall. Therefore, Lithuanian theatrical societies of Chicago, 
elect your delegates and send them to this convention. B;^'' joining the 
Chicago Lithuanian Societies Association, we will organize this branch of 
this 2i.ssociation. The Birute Society will wait with open arms to work 
with you. 

II B 1 c (1 ) LITIIUaNIM 

I C 

Lietuva > Dec. 12, 1913. 


S. F. Z. 

Recently, various new theatrical groups, circles, societies, etc., have been 
organized among us. ilvery group is tryinr: tc present s ->iae spectacle or other, 
so that at present '.ve often liave in Chicago as Tiany as seven Lithuanian 
spectacles on the sar?e day. 

In looking at it, it seeir.s that -^e ought to be proud that we have sucli a tendency 
tov/ards this art. But v;hen we loo^ at it closer, it seems to be time to do 
somethint: about it, in order to bring about order in Lithuanian dramatic activity 
in Chicago. 

True enougli that in Chicago there is not a small nujnber of Lithuanians. Kven so, 
v/e have not enough lovers of ihe theater to suo'^ort seven or more snectacles 
presented on Lhe same day at different places. sVith such a distribution of the. 
audience, ^^lany a time it happens that none of th3 theatrical groups is able 

'^ m. I 

II 3 1 c (1) - 2 - LITUOANlAlT 

I C 

Lietuva, Dec. 1", 1913. 

cover it? ex-yenses because of the lack of attendance at each one. Therefore, 
many of these theatrical groups are very badly handicapped by financial losses. 
If such a condition nrevails, ?/8 can easilv soiess t at in tine :nany of these 
theatrical ^rouos "ill disappear; or that if they continue to exist, their 
existence will be miserable. 

Thus, from a financial point of viev/, the condition of our t eatrical organi- 
zations is not so favorable. 

Lookin.'^ at them from the point of view of art, we can see nothing deli:^htful 
in then. ISach of t-.e theatrical organizations is strivin.:- to beat tjie other 
in presenting]; a ftivea soectacle at a date earlier than the other group. The 
consequence of such coiapetition is that the nnectacles are ^r^3sented in a hurry, 
without proper preparation; therefore, froia tho point of viev; of art, such a 
performance of any soectacle is a comolete fiasco. The^/ have no time to learn 
the lines accurately, and have no money to arran.^e for proper scenery. At 
the sane t'.me, our audiences are not as t'ley v;ere four or five years a^-'o; they 

, •> -^ 

. It I ••• r- ! 

•' •■'•. . ■; 

II 3 1 c (1 ) - 3 - LITEIUANIAJ 

I C 

Lletuva . Dec. 12, 1913. 

will not be satisfied witr; anv kind of performance. iJow, the audiences demand 
better presentation, correct scenery, and better costu-nes. To present any- 
ordinary spectacle in Chicago today will cost ove:^ one hundred dollars. It is 
good luck if the attendance is larr^e; if not, then look at the deficit. A 
deficit kills the energy of the artists, and of those who have made the arrange-- 
ments. Everything, then — as the sayinc^ is — is c^oin.-:; to the devil 


In di-scussin^! this matter, I want to attract the attention of the theatrical 
organizations to this point, that -.heir affairs should be placed in order. It 
is quite clear that v/e do not want to have seven or nine spectacles presented 
in the same evening; rather /.e desire to have one good perforiaance; also, we 
want to have, instead of several weak theatrical groups, one strong Lithuanian 
theatrical organization in Chicago, and that the branches of such an organization 
should do it no harm, but instead support it. 

In brief, whoever believes that he has theatrical affairs close to his heart 
should start with the idea of or^anizinp: all .lie theatric 1 groups into one 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 4 .- LIl'HUx-Tni.JJ 


Liet£V5_, Dec. 1;3, 1913. 

Lithuania.!! theatricul as:^ociatiOi'i of C:iic?r>, ©• Sooner or later v;e v.ill be 

forced to do that, beCdU^e t^^c uvt of tneutcr, the public, and v.e ourselves-- 

are ae^aandinr: it, Vae tiooner v.e acco..iplish it, the bettc^r it v.ill be for us. 

II £ 1 c (1) 



Lietuva, Dec. 12, 1913. 

'^STRiAKaE j'SaTIiSES'' iT:Ti;iSl?rED 

On December 7, in Goluiabia Hall, Tovm of Lake, the Young Lithuanian Circle 
presented the comedy "Strange Feathers," by Lj?. J. J. Zolpis. This was the 
second presentation of this drama. As always the scenery was very good, some- 
thing for which the Young Lithuanian Circle is well known all over Chicago. 
The perforiaance of the comedy was done very well and the hall was packed, but 
one thing is very curious; the Circle is from Town of Lake, but the majority 
of the audience was from Bridgeport. 

II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 

II D 1 


Lietuva, Nov, 21, 1913. 

J.L, Vieverselis 

Last Sunday, the Lithuanian ;7orkers Alliance of America presented a play, 
"The Villain," at 1315 North Ashland Avenue, If some of the actors had 
shown more life in their roles, the performance, I should say, would have 
been good. Among the actors should be mentioned P.P. Vinslovas, A.J» 
Jonavicius, and D. Dapsis, as they performed well. The hall was crowded, 
and it seems that the audience was satisfied with the performance. 

On the same evening, the Guards of the Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuanian 
Choir No. 1, at Columbia Hall, presented th3 "Bewitched Duke." The per- 
formance was fair, except for some performers, especially the actresses, who 
spoke in such low tones that it was very hard to hear what they were say- 
ing. Our actors should pay attention to this matter, because no matter how 
good a performance might be, if the actors cannot be heard the audience 
will not like it. Those who performed well were: K.S. Sukis, Y. Girdvainis, 
3. Tamosaitis, and j. Parkauskis. 

II 13 1 c (1) 


liiii.-u: ' ■'=• ' 

Lietuvti, i;ov. ::1, 1915. 

3iRT:ri':'S PE.t'CR..-^;c":: l; HCjaLr.;.;D 



Last Sunday, at Stminila Lall, the Lirute L.usical Society presented the 
melodrama "Birute.** In comparison v;ith its rrevious presentation of this 
melodrama, this performance v/as %^eak. It is true thnt the role of ^'Birute,'' 
by i.iss Horodockaite, v;as excellent, but, In reneral, the perf ormance v/as 

poor The local artists v/ere dissatisfied ;:ith the Birute^s performance 

in this colony, because they ciave their o?/n present-ition on the same day. 
For this reason the public v:as split; neither one had a large audience at 
its performance. The Birute Society must have suffered a loss, because such 
a spectacle costs much money to produce. The melodrama "Birute** is one of 
our most beautiful plays, and no other dramatic society can present it as 
v:ell as the Birute Society, rinother reason for the small audience v;as 
that they did not -advertise; enough. 

Dancing follov/ed the play, and everyone had a pleasant time up to nidni:::ht. 

II B 1 c (1) LIT^.iU.JIL^T 


Lietuva , ..ov, ^1, 1913. 


On Ilova.iber 16, at 3t. George's l^.irish :.all, the Lithuanian Youth Circle pre- 
sented tho ^lav, ''V/ho is Guilty/' .riLten 'O'j J. J', ^olpis. This ;;as tne Tirst 
time this play v/as ever y.-resented on the jtage. 

The perTomance o." the draiTia .vas good. Ij:. A, ... Barcius, as a Geiiaan :lrun-:- 
c.rd, was ospecially good, as .vas .iP. J", oedeiiki -.s the lad, "liastulis." ..ith 
a fev/ exceptions, ^.11 the actors performed their roles well. A bouquet v;as 
given to I'r. J. J. Zolpis, who co-starred with ..iiss /^. Liuriaaiciut-e. Ivliss 
A. Uriute, w o co-starred with I.Ir. r. :.. otrziiies.vio, also recc^ived a bou- 

As always, and at tiiis too, the Lithuanian Youth Circle had planned this 
performance with c^^at care. The scenery, vjnich is the greatest concern of 


II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 


Lietuva, Nov. 21, 1913. 

this circle, showed good taste and a good understanding of what is appropriate. 
It should also be remarked that the right people were selected for the roles. 
One cannot imagine an old, fat woman in the role of a young, slim, beautiful 
girl. In other words, the youth of this theatrical circle are working in eaV" 
nest with full devotion for the uplifting of our art. 

Between the third and fourth acts, Ltr. S. Darguzis, a student, gave a talk 
about Lithuanian- American students, and urged the people to support Dreams of 
Youth, a monthly magazine published by the Lithuanian Students* Association 
of America. 

The audience was large* Judging from the applause, the audience was pleased 
with the performance. One thing that was noticeable and which can be criti- 
cized, was that some words in this drama were far from being Lithuanian. 

II B 1 c (1) LiTi.u.j:La; 

II B 1 d 

III 3 2 Lietuva, ::cv* 21, 19i;3. 
I B 1 

P..RFORI.LJIC-:. BY BiiJIGh T.:;i)iriY-^IGirr OF 'I'lL. L0V-.R3 

OF 'n.j .x)Y.^}:u^^:j jogijiy 


Last Sunday, in Lleldazis Hall, on the .est Side, a three-act draina, "On the 
Brink of the .-^byss," v;as presented. This v/fis tlie first perforinance of the 
drainatic rroup of the Lovers of the i.otherland society, Branch 28« Fron 
all an/^les, this performance v;as excellent, fhis ararna portrays the 
miserable life of a drunkard. In the befinnin.- it is huiaorous, but in the 
end it is sad because it depicts the sorro.vful finis. i to the drunkard's life. 
I an sorry that, for of space in this nevjspaper, I cannot f^ive a complete 
account of this rlay. ^oiyone interested in seein;* this play, v/ill have an 
opportunity to do so v:hen it is pcrforrnea in tiie Providence of CkDd Parish Hall, 
Decexribcr 14. 

Besides the drama, i.iss LI. ^auriute recited a fev; poems; l:r. S. Biezis delivered 

II 3 1 c (1) - 2 - LITrU^^JLJI 

II B 1 d 

III B 2 Lietuva, Ijov. 21, 1913. 
I B 1 

a short speech about Lithuanian students and the affairs of the students* 
journal, The Dreaiis of Youth , ^t last, the famous "v;ife" of ;Dtepukas arrived. 
Stepukas* (the v;ell-knovm conedian of the ".vest ^ide) wife was so huiaorous, 
with her sharp tongue, that the audience was hardlj' able to sit in their seats. 
No doubt, many of the spectators wondered what kind of a i.iarried couple they 
were; \;hile others, perhaps, thought t:iat this ";voLian," with such a tongue, 
surpassed even her hUoband, otepux:as.....3ut in the end it was disclosed that 
this "v/onan^ was otepukas himself dressed in woiaen's clothin^i. 

The attendance v/as large, 

II B 1 c (1) 

II 3 1 d 

III 3 2 

II D 1 



Lietiiva, :'.or, 14, 1913. 

■^'fCTTTJ CTTTi^ T'TI'^'T' 
44xjOX i-iJLAJ.^ ^>^^.<0 





More beautiful events have been presented on the VJest Side than any other 
place, but up to the present tirrie zhe Lithuanians here have not had their 
own permanent ^roup of artists. I'oxv the Lovers of the 'Motherland Society, 
Branch 28, has decided to have its ovm dranatic proup, which all of the 
"iVest Side artists have proir.ised to join. For r^roper arranf^eipents, a com- 
mittee of three has been appointed: H. Zauras, !!iss IT. Surniute, and 3. 
Lenkausrias. This nev; dramatic circle has promised to show the people what 
it can do. Cn ITovember 16, at' !.:eldazis Hall, it will present a three-act 
drama, **0n the Brink of the Abyss.'* The artists are workinp: hard, and they 
have "oromised that this "oresentation v;ill be a rood one. 

November 9, at !:eldazis riall, the Holy !*ary Society, presented two one-act 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

II B 1 d 

III B 2 Lietuva, Nov. 14, 1913. 

II D 1 

III C comedies: "The Bridegroom** and **A Servant Becomes Entangled**. We 

must mention that in the play "The Bridegroom," Miss S. Kaupiute 
as "Natalie" showed her artistic ability. She is one of the best actresses 
of all among West Side Lithuanians. Mr. M. Jokubka, in the role of "Jonas 
Lamas" (the bridegroom), was also very good. 

The second comedy, too, was perfoimed excellently. Nothing can be said 
against the artists. In this play, Ito*. A. Springis as the servant is 
worthy of mention. 

It was disappointing that the Our Lady of Vilna Parish Choir did not sing, 
even though they had promised to do so. In the place of the choir, S. J. 
Darguzis, student, delivered a short speech. He urged the audience to sup- 
port the Lithuanian students and their periodical, Jaunimo Sapnai , (The 
Dreams of Youth ) . 


II B 1 c (1) - 3 - LITFIUAJTIAIT 

II 3 1 d 

III B 2 Lietuva, Nov. 14, 1913. 

II D 1 

III C It is vei^/ seldom on the V.'est Sjde that a program can be complete 

without the appearance of the comedian Stepukus (T'r. V. Brusokas) ; 
a program without him would be like eating your dinner v/ithout dessert, 
Stepukas brought the program to a close in such a Vvay that even a sick 
person would have laughed. The conduct of the audience during the entire 
evening v/as very orderly, thanks to the supervisors of the evening. Dancing 
followed the Torogram, 

II B 1 c (1) LITHUiiNIM 


Lietuva, Oct. 31, 1913. 



J* Juodvarnis 

On October 26, at St. George's Hall, the Lithuanian Youth Circle presented 
'♦The Thieves." The play itself has nothing special in it; its plot is taken 
from the life of the rich class of people. The most important roles in this 
play are those of the three thieves, who although they are professional rob- 
bers, pose in society as well-educated, enlightened persons; children of 
good parents. They commit robberies among their friends, but when they are 
caught in a clever manner, they convince their captors that they are innocent. 

But enough of the play, the performance, after all, is the important thing. 
The Lithuanian Youth Circle, does less exaggerated advertising than any other 
Lithuanian dramatic society in Chicago, but its performances surpass all of 
them. I should mention that the Circle pays much more attention to scenery; 
it is always in keeping with the play. 

II B 1 c ( 1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 


Li etuva , Oct. 31, 1913. 

The performance of this drama was very good, except for the first act. It 
seer s that the actors in the first act v;ere beginners, and did not know their 
roles well. The last tv;o acts were done artistically; much better than we 
can 3xpect from people, who, after long hours of hard labor, devote their time 
to art. Of the actresses. Miss Sofija Urbaite and Iviiss Sofija Urbanaviciute 
were noteworthy. Those who have seen them act before, no doubt, will attend 
the second performance in order to see them again. Among the mon, we should 
not forget to mention the three thieves: J.J. Zolpis, J. Gestautas, and P. K. 
Strzineskis. ¥• Valentinas as the policeman should also be mentioned. In the 
last act, the thieves sang a trio which v;as so fine, that one seldom hears 
such singing. The attendance was large, but could have been larger; the cause 
— heavy rain. If the Lithuanian Youth Circle continues its theatrical activity, 
it will not only have the support of the people, but other Lithuanian theatri- 
cal societies will take example from its action. As v;as announced in the hall, 
the Lithuanian Youth Circle will present another pD.ay, "VJho is Guilty''. 

1 1 B 1 c (1) I. rji-xi .: :i. 2: 


Lietiiva . Oct. 17, 1915. 

Tlie Litliu.-Jiian Libortv Youth ...usical and Dr ruitic Socist'?-, v/ill loresont for 
the first tme a farco, '^Tne ..ctor of tiia Buriied Thoater/* v/ritten by J. 
Ulztveris, j>uiiday, October IC, IClo, -.t Z^r'riheit fur.'ier :h;ll, 3417 oo. iliil- 
sted Jtrett. Curtain at 5 P. '. :; udiiicsion t.enty-five, thir /-five, and 
fifty cent v.. 

This 7:ill be the first tiae this ::.Qrrj dr-ii::a has ov3r boon presented, and 
it should be very intercstin.-* to see v;hy it is callo J "flie .ctor of the 
Burned Th:-ater»" ^fter the perfori.iance, the choir of the society v:ill enter- 
tain. Dancing ivill follov;. 

The Coioinittee. 

II B 1 c (1) 

II D 1 

III B 2 Lietuva . Oct. 17, 1913. 



by V% 



The Guards of the Grand D\ike Algirdas of Lithuania Society, presented two 
comedies, "The Rubber Boots" and "From Ear to Ear," October 12, at M. 
!v:eldazis Hall on the 7/est Side. The choir of the Sacred Heart Parish sang 
the Lithuanian national anthem and several Lithuanian popular songs. The 
Stepukas Vaudeville v/as also there. The program v/as varied, and the 
performances v/ere very good. I am very pleased that this society takes 
care of national affairs. The attendance v;as large, and the conduct of 
the audience v/as excellent. The program was follov/ed by dances. 

II B 1 c (1) 
II B 1 a 


Lietuva, Oct. 10, 1913. 

Z. P— nulls 

Last Sunday, October 5, at St. Georr.e's Parish Hall, the Birute Society pre- 
sented a three-act comedy, ^'Cannot Blow A^^ainst the VJind/* The presentation 
of this play v/as fair. The artists perfori.ied their roles very xvell. If 
there had not been a mishap in one of the scenes of the third act, every- 
thing would have been perfect 

After the performance, the Birute Choir, directed by Ilr. A. Pocius, sang 
several songs. The program was concluded with the Lithuanian national an- 
them. After the program were dances. 

II B 1 c (1) 
II B 1 a 


Lietuva, Oct. 10, 191*3 « 



On October 5 the Drana oociety presented a good prop-ram at I.leldazis Hall* 
.■T.t the beginning, l^. P. Jarpalius vlayed several violin solos and the 
public Y/as very much pleased v;ith his playin.j;, I.Ir. :!• Jurgelionis then 
recited Pushlcin^s monolo,5:ue ''The Liser Knight,^ and did it excellently* 
I must say that every actor could have learned much from LIr. Jurgelionis* 
presentation of this monologue* The one-act comedy "The Deaf Son-in-Lav/" 
vj-as also performed. After the program there v/as dancing* Several scores 
of people attended this program* 

II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 
II D 1 


Lietuva, Oct, 3, 1913 

':■ \ 



The banners of Lithuania Society ^ave a perforraance Septeraber £7, at Meldazis 
Hall, They presented a humorous one-act comedy "The Dearest Kiss." A little 
girl, K* Burouliute, r^ave a declamation. .liat the first actors were not able 
to succeed in doing, the Stepukas vaudeville (Mr. 7. Frusokas) accomplished, 
.it this time otepukas tried to show himself as a magician, and he actually 
succeeded. The audience v/as c.atisfied \vit:i the Dror^ram. After the prop-ram 
there v;as dancing and other amusements, iuch as the flying post office, 
Lithuanian amusement plays, etc. 

The attendance was larpre; the "nerformance 7;as successful. 

II B 1 c (1) LIIEiUAKIrilM 


Lietuva, Oct. 3, 1913. 


The Lithuanian Youth Circle oresenteJ a three-act drana "Orohans", fro.-n the 
iilnglish, translated by J. J", Zolpis, oa Septe.aber 23^ at St. Geor^e^s Parish 
Kail, in Brid.^,eport. The important role3 of the coiriedy were very well played. 
In general, the presentation of the comedy was good. One thing should be 
mentioned; as always in the past and at this time, the scenery was beautiful. 
It see.Tis that the Lithuanian Youth Circle is the only society in Chicago 
that pays close attention to 'Jhe presentation of scenery. The public was 
satisfied with the performance. After the program, there was dancing. 

II B 1 c (1) LITTiUAi.'I.\I-T 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Lietuva, Oct. 5, 1915. 
I B 1 



Cn September 28, at Meldazis -'all, the Younp; Lithuanians National Club of 

Araerica ^ave a psrfGr-..ance -.vith a large and varied program. This society, 

whose purpose is to support draria and national affairs, is in the fourth 

year of its existence, xi'or various reasons, U'i to the present tirae, this 

society has been unable to take an active part in theatrical activities. 

Not lon^ ago, a dramatic section of this society was organized. The 

president of this theatrical group is jr. Juodis and the stage manager is 

!.!r. B. Vaitekunas. In the month of Juno, a ciioir v/as organized, conducted 

by :ir. !I. Girnius. .^s you can see, the choir is very young. At present, to 

demand that this nev; c."_oir do as much as Lithuanian choirs that have been longer 

in existence, is impossible, .-ell, let us return to the performance, as has 

bean stated, the irogram vjas large and varied and consisted of t:vo parts. The 

first part v/as tue three-act drama, ''The Haunt of the Domestic Lion'', by /^^^\ 




II 3 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a 

III 3 2 
I B 1 

III i^ 

- p. - 


Lietuva, Cct. 3, 1913 

J 'Targsas'^ This play portrays the bad influence of u drunken father. 
It sho?;s hov/ the fanily is ruined, v:hen the head of the fa lily becomes 
a "domestic lion", v;ho dees not care for his fa-:iily's home life^ but only 
aims to destroy the "nest", the home of his o^vn family. Il sho.s no?: the bad 
conduct of a father ruins the life of his ovm children. iJven though this 
drarna is short, consisting of thirt}'* pages, it is ver^'- beautiful, and clearly 
illustrates our daily life. :/e Lithuanians can learn much from this play. 

As to the performance, it can be said that the audience liked it. V-Tier! the 
play vjas over, the audience approved it with much applause, because the people 
have seen the effects of drunkenness and have learned how it ruins the family, 
^►^s for the manner in v;hich the roles v^ere acted, ;;e can say that ':je cannot 

expect perfect acting from beginners. 



< "w* 

believe that in the future the members 

of this society v;ill become good actors and will present excoll-'^nt dramas before 
the Lithuanian people. 

The second part of the pro^^rar.i v/as 

choir of ::r. G-irnius. The choir is new 

concert. The most important -nart was t 
and therefore cannot eaual older 

II B 1 c (1) - 3 - LITHUiAlTL;!! 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 LietuTO, Oct. 3, 1913. 

I B 1 

III E Lithuanian choirs of Chicago, but in the long run, Llr. Girnius will 

have the choir in good standing. 

One part of the concert v;iiich was very good, vjas played by Llr. Bigelis* children: 
Juozas, eiglit years old; Karolis, ten years old; and Veronika, twelve years old. 
Juozas plays the violin and Karolis plays the piano. They are small children, 
but v;hen they started to play, the people v;ere surprised that such young chil- 
dren couid play so well. 

The audience consisted of about seven hundred people. It must be mentioned that 

the conduct of the people was bad In the future the noisemakers at concerts 

should be quieted. They not only disturb the players, but also the audience 
who wish to hear the play. 

I have learned that this same society will give another performance on October 
12, at Freiheit Turner Hall. The program will consist of speeches, monologues, 
recitations, songs, etc. 

II 3 1 c (1) 


Lietuva, Sept. 19, 1913. 
3IKUTA»3 FIItST r":^RF0R:.^iITG3: OF TIG 3F^0N 

Last Sunday, oeptenber 14, the Biruta JLoral Society presented its first 
production of the season at I^eldazis iiall, on the ..est oide. Itiis vms the first 
of a scries of performances, schedulea for this winter (six performances are 
scheduled to taKe place before Jhristraas) . 

In accordance v.lth tue old saying "a precedent sets an cX'-mple for the future," 
we cui judf-e the future perfo nuances of che oiruta society by the first one. 
^..'e must adiait that there is no p.round for pessijiiisi.i. 

There was a ^^reat deal of talk and discussion about trds production from the very 
ber.inninp,, when it vjas first selected for presentation. On the question of 
7;hich play should be chosen for the first perfonriance, there was a great deal of 
discussion. Some vjanted to start the season with an important production, 
particularly since the Biruta Society is one of the outstanding Liti.uanian 

II B 1 c (1) 

■ : W.P.A o LiTiiu ^iLji 

Lietuva , ^ept, 11', 191o. 

drar^atic societies in ..^nierica. Others arr.ued that uie first production should 
be a simple play, suitable for tae average pcison. Jhis group arrued tuat tiiere 
vjasn't enou^^ii tiine to prepare an elabornte play, that, for the tine being, they 
had no first-rate play to present, that it would be uifficult to call together 
many of the players v;ho had ^-one away during:, the suiriiaer, and t. at ^.n indifferent 
perfon::ance of a first-rate play v.ould have a v;orse effect on the public tuan 
an excellent performance of a mediocre play, .^ter a lon,^ discussion, the auvocates 
of the simple ;;lay succeeded in v;inniu^ all the other merabers to t:.eir jide. 

Jr. one-act coiuody, "Gonsiliui: l^acultatis, " was ciiosen for the first production. 
It v;as translated into i^ithuanian o-j ... ...atutis. fhis comedy is a satire about 

a farmer, Gasparas Bublic^is, v;ho believes he is very dangerously ill. In 
reality, all that is v;rong v;ith him is tnat he eats too ...uca and does no physical 
work. I'he faiiiily is awaitinr the arrival of a nev; aoctor, uv. .teshis, who is 
unknown to them all. .;hile they are vjaitinr. for the L^octor, the engineer xv.urickis, 
sv;eetheart of Una, Bublic.iis' daucliter, arrives-; a short ti-e later, Ladislavas 
Suskis, iier^aeM of -.ublickis, comes in. ^he Dur.'Ose of the latter' s visit is 

II B 1 c (1) 

- 3 - 

Lletuva. Sept, 19, 1913, 


to effect a reconciliation between his father and Bublickis, who have been on 
bad terms for some time. Both visitors, the first, deliberately, the second, 
\inwittingly, are mistaken for Dr. Reskis, whom the family has been awaiting. 
More or less unwillingly, both try to cure Gasparas of his imaginary disease. 
The whole play revolves around the efforts of the visitors to cure Gasparas. 
The patient and the two doctors — by the grace of God — provoke much laughter. 
Finally, the real Dr. Reskis arrives and everything is cleared up. At first 
Gasparas feels insulted, but in a short time, he is pacified; he makes peace 
with his brother and permits his daughter to marry Murickis. 

The play is well written and is rather simple. It evoked much laughter and 
greatly pleased the audience. Those who witnessed the performance stated that 
it was one of the most amusing and entertaining plays presented thus far by the 
Biruta Society. 

This performance, as I have stated before, permits us to await the forthcoming 

II B 1 c 


- 4 - 

Lietuva, Jopt. 19, 1913. 


productions of the i-^iruta Jociety v;ith oi^tiinisin. The Cc;3t of the play v/as 
well chosen. The role of ^asparas v;as rtlayed by B. VaitelTimas, permanent 
theatrical director of tlie -iruta society; lie also directed this perforii-^ance. 
He has lon.^ been recop.nized by the ChiCirp Lithuanians as an excellent actor. 
He gave a splendid perfornance. x'articulariy fine actors v;ere chosen for the 
roles of Joana, servc^nt rArl, played by i.iss rOiuzulcis, and Juskis, ne^jhev; of 
Gasparas, played by ...r. Ooviatas. In the opinion of the v;riter, these tv;o 
individuals have ^^reat talent, and c.n develop into fine actors, .-ill they need 
is more experience, after '.vhich v:e ivili undoubtedly derive still greater satis- 
faction fron their draiiiatic pcrfori-iances. Doviatas, particularly, deserves 
attention; it is to be hoped that he v;il^ not hide his talent in an attic, ilie 
ri^ht people v;ere also chosen to play the other roles, ooirio of them were making 
their debut performances, and as such, acquitted themselves nobly. 

Naturally, there v;ere v;eaiC points in the performance, here and there, both in 
acting and directing. The latter fault could hardly have been avoided, because 
the director also took part in the performance. This practice of doing tvjo 


f~) ^ T T'TT^ 

I'xilU. Jilxul 

II B 1 c (1) - 


Lietuva, Jept. 19, 1'j13, 

things at once shoul;- be di3courap;ed. C^enerally speakin^j,, hoivever, the per- 
fori'iance iriade a {;ood iinpression upon the audience, and it is believed that 
everyone, after tv;o hours of laughter, v;as satisfied v;ith the performance. 
Dancing folloived the play and lasted until i.iidniglit. 

Criticism could be nade here of the nana^^enent of the affair, but the members 
of the Biruta oociety evidently realize their mistakes, and undoubtedly xvill 
strive to do better in the future. The dancing should have begun with 
Lithuanian fol/w dances, not Chinese or .^viJiurican. .aiother thine; the pi^gram 
v;as supposed to start at five o'clock in the afternoon, but the curtain rose 
at seven o*c1ock in the evenin.'?,. 


II B 1 a 

III E Lietuva . Kay 23, 1913. 


This coming Saturday at 7:30 P. K, in lieldazis Kail, 2242 West 23rd Place, 
the Lithuanian children's society "The Guards of Angels," will give a two- 
act comedy, "To Education." The children's choir will sing. Everything 
will be performed by the children themselves. Dr. Anthony K. Rutkauskas 
will speak. 


II B 1 a 

III B 2 Lietuva, May 9, 1913. 
I G 


Last Sunday, at Meldazis Hall, the Birutes Society presented two plays, 
**Do Not Oppose," and ''The Bear.'' The production was good. The best 
players among the artists were Mr. B. Vaitekunas, Miss L. Zilvitis and 
Miss J. S. Misevicius. One can see that the artists are devoting much 
time and energy to raise the level of theatrical art among Lithuanians. 
The Birutes Society has completed its activity for this season. During 
the coming autumn, the Birutes Choir will begin again its theatrical 

II B 1 c (1) 
II 3 8 a 
II r 2 f 

II 3 1 a 

III B 2 
I C 


LiTi-ia.-: 'ijiiT 

Lietuva, May 9, 1913. 

Ilia TOR iiL] 3ir::i?iT of -^in 

Aimers LiBP.;j^Y 

■. :,'' 


April 27, at the .est Pullinan Tiirnor lall, the Lithuanian Scenic and 
Ivlujical Circle, for the benefit of the .^urora library, presented a one- 
act drama, '*The Thief* by Jpton Sinclair, translated into Lithuanian by 
Km Valys. The players v;ere good. Tho production v:as beautiful, 

^fter t'.ie "o-ir for nance t ere were declanations songs. The "Aidas'' 
(Jcho) Choir, directed by ilr, J, Jakaitis, san:^ several beautiful songs. 

The audience croxvded the hall. 

The profit fron tliis evenin-^ v;ill ba f;iven t the .lurora 'School and 
Library in I'oseland. The Lithuanian public of /est J ullrian is syapatheti 
to enlightenjiient and cultural activity, i-. fev; enemies of culture worked 
against tLi? cultural evening, but the .lajority of Lithuanians support our 
aims , 

II B 1 c (1) lithj.uh;^! 

II B 1 c (2) 

II B 1 a Lietuva, liiy 2, 191^, 

III 3 2 



The Birutes Society presents tv.'o beautiful and humorous conedies: "Do Hot 
Oppose," and "The Bear" on Liay 4, at Meldazis Hall, 2242 ./• 23rd Place. The 
perform:. nee v;ill begin at six o'clock; admission, tv;enty-five cents and up. 

This is tiiG last Birutes production of this season. Gome and see the humor- 
ous comedies and hear the Birutes Choir sing beautiful son{^s. 

After the program, v;e will liave a real Lithuanian banquet, a rose dance etc. 
The best dancers will receive rewards for such dances as the Polka, Hungarian 
and Round Dance. 

,' '-J '■") "■ 


III B 2 

LJRtuva . l.Iay 2, 1913. 


The Aurora Society presents the production of "The leavers," ivritten by 
G. Ilauptmann. In this play the author presents the life of the v/eavers 
and their strike. Thirty people are taking part in this play. 

The author of this work is recognized by the literati as the finest play- 
vJTight in the world. Last year, the author received the ITobel prize for 
his literary accomplishinent. This play has been presented in the v/orld's 
greatest theaters. It has been translated for the first time into 
Lithuanian and will be presented for the first on the Lithuanian 

We chose the best actors tc enact the roles. After the play there will be 
dancing and other amusements. 





■ s 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITFIUAI-g^T 

III 3 2 

Lietuva, May 2, 1913. 

The performance v/ill be given at 3t, George's Parish Hall, 33rd and V/ V 
Auburn Avenue. It v;ill begin at six o'clock. The admission is tv;enty-five ^"^^ 
cents and up. 

II B 1 c (1) LITHUAlilAN 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Lietuva, Apr. 25, 1913. 


Last Sunday, the Birutes Choir presented for the first ti-ne in Chicago, 

the drama, "In the Ivlud**. The actors enacted their roles very well, especially 

Miss Joanna L^ickevicaite in the role of '^Anna" and Julius Juska as 


After the performance the Birutes Choir, directed by l/ir. Pocius, sang 
several son^s. The Birutes Choir is netting better and better. Their 
singing that nir^ht was excellent. 

April 35, the Birutes Choir will have a fanily evenir.g at the Llark .'vhite 
Square Park Eall. They will present a one-act co'iedy, "Parody of Love". 
After the play, the choir will sing various songs. Admission free. 

II B 1 c (1 ) LITEUANIiiN 

III B 2 

Lietuva , Ularch 28, 1913. 


On iSaster evening, l^rch 23, the Lithuanian Catholic Pleasure Club presented 
a play at Stancikas Hall, Kensington. They presented the six-act, so-called 
drama, "l^Iary, the Organist's Daughter". The ♦•drama" is very scanty, its 
dramatization is bad. Its contents are too mixed up: revolution, spies 
and /the struggle against/* Polanism; there 'jas no point to this so-called 
drama • 

II B 1 c (1) 

TrT— T-^ -'-7- 7- 

Lietuva, .nr. 21, IC'lo. 


Cn llcircli 16, the Lithuanian ^^ceiiic LoverD Circle, in ..ensin.jton, preoonted 
"Llary ila{^dalene*\ Tiio play i/as -:ot very ;;ell yresented* 



' II B 1 c (1 ) LITElL^IIiiil 


Lietuva , Jan. 24, 1913. 



X. K. 

Last Saturda:,'' the Draria Society presented the conedy, ''Llatchr.iaking," at 
the St. Peter's Parish Hall, in Kenosha. The hall v/as crowded with people. 
The Kenosha Lithuanians were very much satisfied with the performance. 

The Draina Society is preparing to present the tragedy, "Ivlacbeth," which 
has been translated by K. Jur^elionis. As soon as they obtain quajiified 
artists, they will begin rehearsing. 


II B 1 c (1) LITHaAHIAM 

III B 2 

Lietuva , Jan. 3, 1913. 


Last Sxinday the Birutes Society, at the St. George ♦s Hall, presented a 
four-act draiaa, *'The Tv;inkling • •* The drama v/as well played. The attendance 
was large* 


II 3 1 c (1) 


Lietuva, Dec. 27, 1912, 


The Drama Society presented Sudemann's four-act drama "St. John's Day" at 
the Hull House Theater last Sunday evening. The participating actors were 
B. Vaitiekunas, 0. Stravinskiute, M. Montviliute, J. Briedis, M. Damijonaitiene, 

J. Sankunas, P. Sirvinckas, R. Slikiene, and A. Klovaite A. Pocius 

played the organ before the play and between acts. 

vP \ 

O I 

II B 1 c (1) 




LletUTa, Dec. 6, 1312 

niOU T07JIJ CF LaK3 


\ -. \ 



C , / 


The Lithuanian Theatrical Club presented '^The Dzukas and The Jev/" at the Holy 
Cross liall, November 24 


II B 1 c (1) LITmJANIAK /^ 

Ill c 

Lietuva, Nov. 15, 1912. 


^- , \ 


The Providence of G-od Society had an affair at the Meldazis Hall, November 
10. The artists of the Birute Society played in tv;o comedies — **The 
Newlyweds* Night" and "V/ithout a Stave." After the presentation of the 
plays the Birute Ohorus sang several sonp^s..... 


II B 1 c (1) 



\ - . 


Lietuva, Nov. 15, 1912. 

^ITHUAITIAI: :J01':k: PlffiSEl.T? PLaY7 

( Suionary ) 

The Our Lady of Vilna ;/oirien*s Society sponsored a program at the Meldazis Hall, 
November 9. 



The following artists participated in the presentation of F. Juskauskiene's 
three-act tragedy, "Revengeful Love": M. Dunduliene, M. Zygnantas, K. Siurniute, 
0. Dzigaite, and J. Dobilas. 

II B 1 e (1) 
Hi B 2 


Lietuva. Oct, 25, 1912, 


■~^, V..P.A. 9 

The artists of the Drama Society presented '•The Living corpses", a three- 
act comedy by Lisenskas-Konycius, at the St* George^s Parish Hall last 
S\inday . 

II B 1 c (1) LITHILJn.J^I 


Lietuva , Oct. 18, 1912. 

"^iIR Vffix^L^lR STOia:" 

The Drama Society presented T# Rutkovskis^ three-act farce, "Fair '.Veather 
Storm," at the Hull House Theater last Sunday 

Speaking of the acting, it nust be adnitted tnat the actors played their 
roles well, though several v.ere lacking in action and, as is commonly said, 
had not "entered into" their roles. ^^TX)nt^ these I v/ould place I^rs. Slikiene 
and hr. J. Sankunas. The voice and gestures of the former, especially in 
sad scenes, v;ere too similar and monotonous, though she can otherwise act 
quite v/ell. J« Sankunas, in his role of a lai^^/er, was less impressive 
than he has been in his usual servant roles 

Miss Stravinskaite made her first stage appearance in the role of "Katherine". 
• •©•The other actors, J. Briedis, B» Vaitiekunas, Lloskiene, u. Llontviliute, 
Stravinskas and A. Vizbaras played their roles very v/ell. 

II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 


Lietuva , Oct. lo, 1912. 




Chapter 137 of the Lithuaixian Sociiilist Alliance of iunerica presented J. 
Korzeniovjskis* one-act conedy "Doctor of l«ledicine" at the Turner Hall. K. 
Jurgelionis v^as the director. 

II B 1 c (1) 


Lietuva, Oct. 11, 191P.. 


The Birute Society presented Ketui^akis' play, "Cn To .jierica," at the 
St. Geor^;e*s Parivsh L'all last ounday eveninr» 

II B 1 c (1) 


Lietuva, Oct. 4, 1912, 



The Dramatic Circle of the Lithuaiiiaii .Socialist .dliance presented 
"The Robbers,** a four-act comedy, at the hull house Theater, oeptJiaber 

In the cast were included: J. danloinas, J*. ITktveris, J. Bura^^as, I?'. 
dirvinskas, -l. .rnulaite, V. 7ilkeviciene, F. Kislauskaito and J. Prusinskas. 

Llonolorues vjere iDresented b^' J. Prusinskas after the presentation of tiie 

II B 1 c (1 ) LITHujJ-IlAN 

III B 2 

IV Lietuva, cept. 20, 1912. 

lliE DIui-,i/i SOCIETY rR]:^Si:TS .. CCJiD^ 

The Drama Society presented "The Live Corpses", a ttiree-act conedy at the 
Hull House Theatre last SundaT. 

The play is quite hajnorous and consequently, is not tiresome. The acting 
v;as also good. Several of the actors were really good in their parts, xuriong 
them, J. PrusinsKas, in the role of an erreitic doctor, and uxs. K. laoslciene, 
a cook, must be included. It is too ba- that the small role she had did not 
allow i.irs. Loskiene to remain on the stage very long. But even her brief 
appearances caught the audience* s attention. 

However, Sankunas, in the role of a servant, v;as probably the best. His 
gestures emphasized nis lines v.ell. He can iiuper.sonate a drunkard and that 
helped him in enacting the role of an old, inebriated servant, v.uo is an 
experienced "v;olf." 

« ■• * 

II B 1 c (1) -2- LIll-rJAlIL^N 

III B 2 

IV Lietuva, Sept. 20, 1912. 

IkIts. Damisonaitiene was not bad, thou£;ii occasionally she lacked sincerity. 

Vaitieicanas is usually very successful Kith comic roles, and the role of an 
overseer of an estate not very easy for him. But, thanks to his experience, 
he can play it better than anybody else 

Briedis, in the role of lav.yer, should also be mentioned 



Lietuva, Sept. 15, 1912. 


The Lithuanian Youth Circle presented "Ingoinaras", a five-act drama, 
"Lithuanianized'* by J. J. Zolpis, for the first tine at St. Georges Parish 
Kail, Sunday, September 8. It was well acted. Among the important women* s 
roles, Zofija Laurinaviciute played her part best. Among the men, J. J. Zolp, 
Z. Jankunas, K. Rekasius, S. Ragauskis and P. Sirvinskas played their parts 
well. M. Mikulskaite and II. Ringailaite also did well, iill the others were 
not as good. The scenery was very suited to the play....o 


I- ^f-i';^. ill 

V r/ 

II B 1 c (1) 


Lietuva, T'ay 3, 1912. 


>* ^ •' i 

'• '■ K'^ ^ . ^ 

: -^^ 

'■Ji i J 

( Summary ) 

On April 28 the Birute Society presented '^The Chimney Sweep and the T''iller" 
for the second time this year. 

This time there were several new players in this oreretta, among them 
J, Abramaitis, A. Misevicia, and J. J'^iseviciute. 

Of the older artists, J. Ilgaudas and Stogis distinguished themselves, 
Brusokas rendered his monologues after the operetta. 


II B 1 c (1) 

I S 

IV Lietuva, i^.pr. 26, 1912. 



The Dramatic Circle of the Lithuanian oocialist Alliance presented Togobocni's 
five-act "Scene of Life: Llurderers", at the Hull House Theater on April 21. 

Participating in the play were 1.:. Dinduliene, J. ^lUgustinavicius, o. Varasauskaite, 
M. Juska, Z. Kalvaiciute, J. Buragas, G. otasiunas, J. Jankunas and others. 
M. Dunduliene fitted her role and acted it vjith perfection. J. Buragas also thus 
distinguished hiiaself. These two artists of the Circle v/ere aided by good roles: 
individuals having real characters. J. Sankunas is a talented actor and tried 
hard, but his characterless role, or perhaps it would be better to say his role 
containing ten characters, could not be controlled, and he v/as not successful 
v/ith it, especially in the last scene. Varasauskaite also played vjell, but did 
not appear to be the character she attempted to portray. Her speech is hardly 
distinguishable from a declamation. 


III B 2 

Lietuva^ Apr. 19, 1912. 


The Birute Society presented two plays, "Divorce Judge" and "The llewlyweds* 
Night," at the St. George's Hall, Sunday night, before a large audience. 
• . • • The program ended v;ith a monologue by Mr. Brusokas who harvested 
the most applause, as usual. 


III B 2 

IV Lietuva, i:ar, 29, 1912. 



A select group of Chicago artists arranged a program for the benefit of the 
Aurora Society on Uarch 24, at the Lleldazis Hall on the V/est Side^ The 
program included the drama, ''First Steps,'' by B. Vargsas, vrell known to 
Chicagoans, and monologues of l-jr. Brusokas. 

Portraying the most important roles v/ere such artists as B. Vaitiekunas, 
Briedis, Mrs. lu. J. Damijonaitiene and J, Sankunas. It is apparent that 
the Chicago Public is of the opinion tiiat these names always guarantee a 
good program* 

II 3 1 c (1 ) LITinXiirLilT 


Lietuva , Lar. 29, 1912. 



The Lithuanian Youtli Circle, i;hich has been vorv active recently in 
Tovm of Lake, presented J. J, .:,olp's tracedy: "The Handsome Hi£:"hv7a3n:nan," 
last Sunday (Llarch 24) at the Columbia Hall, .-joonc the men actors, the 
best performances v/ere civen by J* ;'olp and H. Barcius. .Among the 
v7omen, Izabelle .^leksandravicaite and .x. Laurinaviciute merit mention .- 
The acting of Bainoraite, 7is£;enGaite, Iratapas, .Jedemko, Ruibis, and 
F, Strz:nieckis v^as not bad 

II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 


Lletuva , Kar. 22, 1912. 


M. J, D. 

A select group of local stage aroateurs met at the Fellowship House, on 
33rci Place, to discuss the Chicago Lithuanian stage and its problems. 
The fourteen persons assembled unanimously agreed that it was necessary 
to establish a society of more talented actors, which would do as much 
as it could to improve the Lithuanian theatrical stage. 

A second, larger meeting was held in the same place on March 14, and the 
Drama Society was established. This society will concern itself with 
presenting better plays, using the best, ^^ssibleT" resources. It will 
present plays not merely for the sa^e of presenting them, but will try 
to make them skillful and artistic. The new Society intends to devote 
all its energy to this end, and in order to achieve its aims, will not 
only have a larger number of rehearsals before presenting any play, but 
will also study drama at special meetings. 



II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 

- 2 - 

Lietuva, Mar* 22, 1912. 


The Drama Society will begin its presentations next fall. The following 
officers were elected: K» Jurgelionis, director; B. Vaitiekunas, his 
assistant; M, J. Damijonaitis, president; J. Briedis, secretary. The 
following compose the literary committee for the selection of plays: 1) 
K. Jurgelionis, 2) B. Vaitiekiinas, and 3) M. Viskoskiene. 



' Lletu va, Liar. 22, 1912. 



J. Vislcas 

The Dr. Kudirka Society presented the Dramatic Circle of the L. S. S. in 
**Gods of Gold," a comedy in three acts, March 17. The players: M. M. 
Dunduliene, M. Dunduliute, M. M. Juska, J. Stasiunas, K. Siurniute, S. C. 
Juska, P. Samsonas, J. Uktveris and J. Burai^as. Dunduliene, in the role 
of Keistutiene, v/as the best. Dunduliute also played quite well, v/hile 
Buragas was fair, thouf^ he tried to imitate Vaitiekunas too much. This 
same group presented this same play much better last year. However, the 
audience in general was satisfied, for even with its shortcomings this 
comedy is good. At the end, Brusokas recited a monologue, ^'Little 
Stephen's Nose." The monologue itself is of poor contents but it was 
recited as only Brusokas can. The Keldazis Hall was packed. 




Lietuva , Mar. 15, 1912 • 



Jo« Vis-Xas 

The Dramatic Circle of the Lithuanian Socialist iUliance presented K» 
Jasukaitis* ''The Hesurrection/* a drama in five acts and tv/o tableaux, at 
the C.S.P.S, Kail, on I larch 10. Jasukaitis \\Tote this drama in the 
Russian language, later translated and reworked it into Lithuanian. 

The drama applies to Russian life, not to Lithuanian. The author, apparently- 
imitating the famous draioatists, had attenpted to present the people's 
psychology and philosophy of living. But whether he succeeded in his task 
is another question. As the play was presented it did not leave any deep 
impressions. Especially when one adds the tedious monologues and long 
scenes with no kind of life or action. '7ith the exception of the first 
scene, the others were mere conversations and dialogues. The first scene 
was very tragic; the second, strange, romantic; the third, very tedious; 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 


Leituva , Llaf. 15, 1912. 

the fourth, comical and Dhilosophicai; Lhe fifth, full of everything. 

The thene of the play is nocd, but its development, its fulfillment is weak 
and incomplete. The individual types are cast off balance and seem impossible, 
like caricatures. 

'Jhe acting of the L.S.3. Lramatic Circle v/as as ^ood as the strangeness of the 
characters and the play itself allov/ed it to be# 

J. Sankunas, J. Prusinskas, J. Buragas, and 3, Strazdas acted their parts very 
well. J. Uktveris, LI. Dunduliene, S. Varasauskiute and the others were also 
good. The actors tried as hard as they could and as best as they understood. 
It must be admitted, such scenes as the love scenes of '^Nilova'' v;ith "?ordina*- 
and "Polezajeva^ v/ith "3o .rovskaja" were enacted with diligence, though they 
were the most difficult. True, one could not identify Varasauskiute •s elocution 
as that of the character she played, but as the elocution of one of our typical 
declaimers who, v/ith the sarie intonation, speaks of the roaring of the cannons 
and the sweetness of a kiss. .---"-v,^^ 

— I 

II b 1 c (1) 

III t^ 2 

1 E 


Lietuva, Liar. 1, 1912. 

Jo. Vis-Kas 

•flie Dramatic Ciixjle of the Lithuanian Socialist Alliance presented Togobocni^s 
drama •Tor Love»* at the Hull Hoiiee Theater on February 25. It is an important 
and educational classical drama. It is only regrettable that the resources 
of the Dramatic Circle were too poor for the presenting of such a play. Short- 
comings in characterization were apparent everjnvhere. For example, Sarah 
(M. Dunduliene) should have been younger, not of so husky a build (she would 
have fitted in the role of an old widow); Leiba (J. Semlcunas) looked too 
young, compared to his daughter, Sarah, but he did play his part exceptional- 
ly well. John (U. Zuktveris) did not look at all like the type whom girls 
would love blindly. He should have been a special sort of character instead 
of an ordinary peasant type» As it was, it looked very odd, unnatural. What 
kind of half-wits would those girls have to be if they chased after, fought, 
and committed suicide over such an ignorant, repulsive character — ^who. 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHUAJIIM 

III 3 2 

I S Lietuva, !:ar. 1, 1912. 


furthermore, was poorl Danute (Al^jninavlciute) played her part well 
but, just the same, she did not impress one as being blindly, madly in 
love, nor as a vindictive person, nor as a villain demandinpr a child* s blood. 

The characters in this drama are so unusual that their correct portrayal re- 
quires great talent, experience, study, and general understanding. The actors 
must fit their roles not only physically, but especially in spirit and in mind. 
Lacking these requirements, the performance did not make a great, tragic im- 
pression because the players did not posses the necessary spiritual and mental 
qualities. The audience occasionally laughed. !Vhy did they laugh? Tliere v/as 
nothing to laugh at. Perhaps the audience was too ignorant? Did it not under- 
stand the play? Perhaps many did not understand it, but the most ordinary 
man can understand emotions if they are presented to him faithfully. The 
common people give way to emotions even more willingly than the learned. Let 
us take that one moment when Leiba tragically damns his daughter. It made 
a great impression on everybody. If Sarah had not appeared so fat when he was 

- WP4 ^'^ 
C "" '^' A I 

II B 1 c (1) - 3 - LIl^IUAI^^lAN 

III B 2 

I E Lletuva , Mar. 1, 1912. 


grieving for her because she was so thin and stiinted by work it would 
not have been funny* Sarah *s elopement is also a tragic situation, but as 
she squirmed through the window, exclaiming: "Oh, it is so difficult!^ — 
it was funny, for it really looked difficult for her to climb through a 
windov/, because of her weight. Such statements apply also to Uktveris who, 
CrOd knows with what, fascinated the Jewess and Danute. 

Buragas and Juska portrayed the roles of drunken peasants excellently. The 
townspeople and beggars were also excellent, appearing natural. Such roles are 
familiar to, and understood by Lithuanians. Our actors cannot go far in 
their portrayals of roles which are unfamiliar and which must be studied. 

Sankunas had an unusually difficult role, but he managed to distinguish him- 
self in it. Algminaviciute showed that she has talent and can act, but she 
is still lacking in experience. A good actress can be expected of her if she 
will strive to v/ork more and gain experience on the stage. yf^—^- 

• II 3 1 c (1) 


Xj i G u UlVCl y .J_il*« Jl y X.;X*^« 

III B 2 
I J 

IV . • 

Others, having c..ialior rclo'., :ere: L. lCri!::>ciol:iut-j, Kalv:?.iciut0, 
J. PruGinska.: , Vilnaito, .aicuGtin.'.vicius. ..e cannot avoid eri-iecially i.iention- 
inr. Prusinskas, oiu oi' our xore^ion-o accors, .no conscientious!;; enacts all thj 
roles he aoceijts. 

The attendance v;as so larre that rian^' coul i not be seated. 


II B 1 c (1) LITfflJANIAN 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Lletuva , Feb. 9, 1912. 


The Birute Society presented Rudolph Bla\:iinan's •^The Evil Spirit, •♦ a three-act 
drama at St. George's Hall on February 4. The following actors participated: 
A. Stankauskas as '♦Jonas Vieversius,** a farmer; P. Kriksciokiute as "Ona,'' 
his wife; B. Bemotaitiene as his mother; K. Vicas as Ona's brother, "Andrius"; 
Joana Miseviciute as "Jieva,'' a maid; A. Misevicia as the miser; R. Rudzikiuta 
as ♦♦Lize," a neighbor; A. Siuksta as ••Jurgis," a young man; J. Sileika as 
••Petras,'* another young man; H. Mockus as 'H/'ilkas," a drunkard; S. Pronickas 
as •nrapsa,*' a farmer ; L. Miezinis as '»Jankus,'' son of Ona and Jonas; B. Vai- 
tiekunas as '♦Abraham, •• a Jew. 

The best performances by the actors were those of Bemotaitiene, J. Misevici- 
ute, Vaitiekunas, and H. Mockus. The weaker acting was by Vicas, Stankauskas, 
Sileika, and Kriksciokiute. In the role of the miser, A. Misevicia was weak,;- - 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITinJAIvTAN 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 LietuTa, Feb. 9, 1912. 

and it v;as apparent he was not in the spirit of his role. He could 
not put himself in the character of the miserly and insane person who was 
to be portrayed here. 

Kriksciokiute had a good role in v/hich she could have displayed her talents 
and distinguished herself, but it proved to be beyond her scope. She could 
not in any way enter into the characterization and did not succeed in ex- 
pressing the haughtiness, the arrogance in puttinr^ the maid, leva, in her 
place, enough to distinguish her and set her apart from her brother, An- 
drius, who is in love with Jieva. 

Vicas played his role better this time than usually, but it still was 

not good enough. He lacks sincerity and feeling, especially in love 

scenes. Miseviciute, vdio appeared on our stage for the first time, was 

very emotional. Her be-^^ring on the stage is sympathetic and free, and 

a very good actress can be expected of her. She feels what she says; ^^""^^ 

she lets her role absorb her. That is what our artists so often lack. / vN 

V 'J 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 3 - LITHOANIAN 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Lietuva, Feb> 9, 1912. 

Vaitiekunas appeared as a Jew for the first time in Chicago, it seems • 
He is as successful in portraying a Jew as he is in other, especially comical, 
roles. P. Mockus portrayed the drunkard well. Though P. Stanktmas fits into 
farmer roles it cannot be said that he gave a good portrayal this time. He 
was lacking in action, in sincerity, especially when he returned from a journey 
with the news that he had not won the two thousand rubles, as he had previously 
read in a newspaper. He should have shown more emotion, worry, frustration, 
but he just sat and calmly related the news. The others had shorter and weaker 

After the drama, the Birute Chorus sang "To War,** by Fred Beidel (formerly 
director of the V. Kudirka Singers^ Society); "Fly, Falcon!" by C. Sosnauskas; 
and "The Chimes," by Fred Beidel. All three were s\mg by the Birute Chorus 
for the first time. They sang the first song, "To War," very beautifully; 
the second and third were not sung as well. The director of the Chorus is 
P. Sarpalius. 

II 3 1 c (1) LiTinj.^^yi.\TT 

III B 2 

I C Lietuva, Feb. 2, 1912. 

"Brl'iUTIFUL I.lA.aD/iLT^IITS'^ 01^ THE] 



January 28 the ./onien's .ilnlir^htenment Society presented "^eautiful Magdalene 
and Soldier ?eter," a four-act melodraraa drar.iatized by M. Diinduliene. There 
is not much to say about tne play itself, since the story of "Beautiful 
I/iagdalene" is v;ell knovm to Lithuanians — it was raerely dranatized by Ilrs. 
Dunduiieno. After its presentation one wants to ask: for what reason was the 
play written, and why did the ^3,5 ^htenment Society present it? "/as it that 
LIrs. Dunduliene dramatiz-jd that story to become kno?m as one of the literati? 
And did the Knli^htenment Society use it in order to raake money? One cannot 
find any other explanation. 

True, the Society profited more or less, but ..Irs. Dunduliene hardly earns 
even small laurels for her literary pretensions, for the dramatization proved 
to be utterly poor I That is all that one can say about that play. 

As for presenting- it, some may offer the excuje thtxt other nationalities "oresent 


II 3 1 c (1) - 2 - LITIiUAI^IAlI 

III ^ 2 

I C Lietuva , Feb. 2, 1912. 

similar fairy tales on the sta.-^e. 'xhey do, but other kinds and in a different 
v;ayl They present o^^era stories for their elsf^ance; they even present 
dra:ar:itizod foll^-stories, but ;;ritten differently, acted cifferently, and 
v;ith different sceneries. 

That v:as already the second poor pro;'':rcL'i by the ';o];ien's ^nli.^^teniient Society. 
Something better had been expected fro;:i "Cho -Jnlir^htenment Society, but the 
expectations v/ere not fulfilled. It seems the purpose of the Jnli^htenment 
Society /members/ v;as to enlif^hten themselves and other vromen. Can that be 
expected by sucli presentations as ''.'•a^'idalene'*? ocriethin^' better is needed 
for that. 

II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 


Lietuva, Dec. 29, 1911 • / 

Tffi^TjJ? Aim BalNlDJJiilT 

The Lithuanian Theatrical Club, ♦'Lietuva" (Lithuania), will present the 
five-act drar.a, "The Life of Saint Priska'* on December 31, at Buckley Ilall, 
12th and 48th streets, Cicero, 111. Adm. 25, 35 and 50 cents. Dancing 
will follow the perfomance. 

»■ * 

II B 1 c (1) LITIIU;\IJL\H 

II D 10 

III B 2 Lietuva, Dec. 29, 1911. 


January 7, 1912, at ot. George *s Hall, 32nd Place and Auburn Avenue, 
7:30 P.I'l. J the Aurora society ;\ill present a comedy, "T^e l^latchinaking.'* 
It vvill be played by the beat Lithuanian artists. There vdll be speeches, 
monologues, and other amusements, cne half of the profit v;ill go to the 
students' benefit fund. 

II B 1 c (1) 


III B 2 

III E Lietuva. IIov. 3, 1911. 


The Lithuanian Youth Circle, for the first time, v/ill present a one-act comedy, 
•^The Visit of Ur. Felix,** on November 5, at the Columbia Hall, 48th and Paulina 
Streets. Admission is twenty-five cents and up. After the play there vail be 
songs and dance s* 

'. 1 



II B 1 c (1) LlglUANL^^^ 

III B 2 

III E Lietuva, Oct, 20, 1911. 



The Lithuanian Youth Circle of the To\ra of Lake will present a four-act 
drama, 'nVithout A Name," by J. J. Zolp, October 22, at the St* George's 
Parish Hall, 32nd Place and Auburn Avenue. /Kie perfomanceT" will begin 
at 6 P.M. Admission — tv;enty-five cents. 

II B 1 e (1) 

II B 1 a 

Lietuva, Oct. 6, 1911, 




On October 15, at 7:00 P.M., St. George's Parish Hall, 33rd Street and Auburn 
Avenue^ the Aurora Society will give its theatrical performance and concert. 

It is the aim of this society to give the public something different from and 
better than what it has been given before. The program will be given by the 
best artists. The comedy, "Revengeful Love," will be presented. The program 
will also include two quartets, two soloists, and a monologist. After the pro- 
gram, there will be a banquet and dance. 

The admission will be seventy-five, fifty and twenty-five cents: half price for 
the students. 

II B 1 c (1) 


III B 2 Lletuva, Sept. 22, 1911* 


The Lithuanian Youth Circle Society will present a four-act drama, '^The 
Vagrant *♦, September 24, St. George's Hall, 32nd Street and Auburn Avenue 
The performance will start at 7 P. M. Admission, 25 cents. After the 
performance, there will be a banquet, dancing, etc* 







I D 2a (4) 

III B 2 Lietuva , I.!ay 12, 1911. 

I E 



The Lithuanian Socialists Association of America, Local 137, is presenting 
a three-act drama, ^TCriaucial** (The Tailors), written by B. Yargsas, May 21, 
at the Hull House Theater. 

This play is about the recent garment workers' strike in Chicago* Is there 
anyone who does not want to see the strike /dramatized/, its hope and its 
struggle, and the /final/ victory of the strikers? 


» I 

II B 1 c (1) 
II B 1 e 


Lietuva, April 7, 1911. 



We are appealing to the dramatists who have written any kind of comedy or 
tragedy, of not less than three acts. Will you be kind enough to send 
them to us, that we may produce them even though they are in manuscript • 
If any one has such a play, please inform us of its subject, the scenery, 
needed, the persona, and the production charges if loaned by us, 

Mrs. Kare Dundulis 
2131 Columbia St. 
Chicago, 111. 

II B 1 c (1) 


Lietuva. Liarch 24, 1911. 

LITHUaNI^^T theaticr 


March 19, the Lithuanian Dranatic Circle presented a four-act comedy, "The 
Thief/' at the Hull House Theater. The conedy v^^as vjritten in Latvian by Pleir. 
It v;as translated and Lithuanianized into a story of Lithuanian peasant life. 
The comedy is full of life and humor. The actors played v/ell. The audience 
v/as satisfied. 

We are glad to mention that the Dramatic Circle has made much progress in their 
performance of plays. 


II B 1 c (1 ) LITHJiL^TIAI T 


Lietuva, Jan. 13, 1911. 


On January 8, the Lithuanian Youth Circle, at the Hull House Theatre, 
presented a three-act comedy, "The Bewitched Duke.** The play is humorous 
but it does not seem to stem from Lithuanian life. 

This play was performed for the benefit of the Aurora (Ausra) Society. 

The attendance was so small that it v/ill not cover the expenses. The 
loss vriLll be about ten dollars. 

II B 1 c (1) 

III By — 


II D 1 

Lietuva, Dec. 23, 1910. 
/DRAI^i presented by LITHUANI;^! SOCIiO^IST ;lLLiaitce7 

The Dramatic Circle of the Lithuanian Socialist Alliance presented, for 
the first time in Chicago, B. Vargsas* three-act drama "The People," at 
the Hull House Theater , December 18 

The actors were: "Vagulis," lir. Briedis; "his daughter," Mrs. M. 
Dundulis; "Petras," Sankunas; "Tubanski," Dundulis; "Petrof," Petraitis; 
"Borotko," Doviatas; "Mateusas," Strazdas. 

II B 1 c (1) 


Lietuva , Tec. 2, IjIO. 

IjJrwUT:li .-uJI-::.Tj. -.Jrwi^i^^lc rl^jC/ 

The Birute bociety preisented Ze.akalnis* "Blinda" at the ^t. Geor^^e Hall in 
Bridgeport for the secona tine IJove.Tiber 2u. 

II B 1 c (1) 

Lietuva, Dec, 2, 1910. 
/BIRUTii 30G1^TI FR^S-^IITS PL^t/ 

The Birute oociety presented Kaledu Kauke^s "oalaputris" in South Chicago 
November 24» The play v;as recently given in Bridgeport • 

II 3 1 c (1) 


Lietuva , ilov. 25, 1910. 

/LiTifUxuiiAi: DH.;:i^Tic circle pruseiits dr.\!.ia7 

The Dramatic Circle of the Lithuanian Socialist .alliance presented 31o?:ackis* 
five-act tra.^edy "Mindau,p:is/* at the J. S. Auditorium, Novenber 20. The 
following participated in the acting: Vaitiekunas, "Mindaugis"; Dami jonaitiene, 
his mother; Briedis, the Pope's messenger; Mikolaitis, ^'Crrand Dulce Daumantas"; 
Dunduliene, his wife; Sankunas, "Trainitis"; Dran^elis, "KniG:ht Herman"; 
Doviat, "Liutovaras"; Sidiskis, *'7aisvilkis"; Kazenas, "Llinykas."' Therefore, 
the best talent among the Chicagoans was represented in this play. • . • • 



Lietuva, Mov* 18, 1910. 

2^RUTJ oCGI ITf rR.w llTHij Vi.Y/ 

The second affair of the Birute Society took place in the St. George Kail, 
in Bridf-eport , Ilovenber 13» T\:o playlet:^ by Kaledu Kauke v;ere presented: 
"Fortune of the Ghost," a two-act draiiia, and the one-act comedy "Salaputris." 
The following actors participated in tho dra:;a: Iw i.akolaitis, "Pi jus 
Galindas"; L. Bijanskiute, his wife; Dami jonaitiene, a .;oirian ana tlie "Ghost"; 
Vaitiekunas, "Gypas"; I)uda, "Rivuiti^"; Vitkus, a irian; and iriany others. The 
roles of "Galindas" and Lis wife i.ero the i..ost iiiiportant; the others were 
quite uninport-^nt 

The following actea in the coraedy "Jalaputris"; B. Vaitiekunas, "Salaputris"; 
I.Ioskiene, his belove-l, a servant; Briedis, his assistant; Varasauskaite, a 

-fii*ter the presentations the Birute Chorus san^; four of l.l. Petrauskas' sonrs 
under the direction of i*. Petrauskas himself. 

The liall was fu-;.l or people. \o ^'•' ^- v.. 


II B 1 c (1) 

III ^ 

Lietuva, i:ov> 11, '1910. 



The Lithuanian Youth Circle fron Tov;n of Lake presented Schiller* s "liiid of 
Orleans" at the St. Georf:e Parish Hall in Bridr,eport, November 6. This play 
v/as bein^c presented on the Lithuanian stac.e for tho I'irst tiiae* It is a 
loni^ play, difficult to be acted out. The acting, for amateurs, vns not bad, 
thourii of course artistry v/as not reached by far. It v;as apparent that the 
Youth Circle had put i::uch v/ork into the presentation and had prepared for it 
as v/ell as it could. The order on tiio sta^:e ./as not bad: the actors knev; 
their roles \;ell and had i.rinaj;ed to obtain suitable costunes. 

The presentation diu not appear jaa, especially since iiuch had not been 
e:rpected of it in vie;; of a recent, unsuccessfully presented, easier play. 

The more important actors v/ere suitably chosen and were not bc..dly trained. 
They ;/ere: Junauiiene, -'.iiid of Orleans"; otryneckis, the ^'rench King; 
Zolp, "Dunois"; h. ..oc:ais, "Chatillon*' ; Gestautas, "Phillip -ohe Good," and 
others. Junduliene, in Lha heaviest role, •.;qs the best. Good perforrrxinces 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHUAI'IL41I 


LietuvH> Nov, 11, 1910, 

were given by Stryneckis, Gestautas, Zolp, Hockus, Dobilas, Berzinskaite, 
and several others* Ragauskas, Dauksa, and a few others in minor roles 
were poor as actors* Laurinaiciuke v/as also quite weak in her acting* 
Some of them used very poor Lithuanian, which should be strictly avoided 
on the stage because it makes a bad impression* The actors must use the 
purest Lithuanian language. It is not necessary to sift the play in detail* 

• • * 

II B 1 c (1) 
II 3 1 a 




^^ \ 

/ -^ J. 



r / : 

"1 Is 




Lietuva, IIov* 4, 1910. 

/31R\JTj1 oUGIiiilY xilJoJl.^ro PLiV^ 

The Theatrical Group of the Birute Society presented ''The Lithuanians," 
by Two '.ionen, at the Hull T.ouse Theater, October 29# This play v;as presented 
by the sane Society, so it is knov/n to Ghicacoans» The persons, except 
for a couple of nev; ones, acted in it« llodziunas, in the role of a student, 
played his role luuch v.orse than last year, llodziunas played his role badly. 
His actions and impersonation v;ere not fitting; to t^e role. • . • • Astrauskas, 
a prison r^ard, also did not appear as he should have. The others v;ho acted 
were the sa...e as last year: Damijonaitiene, Drangelis, Kalvaiciute, Iloskiene, 
Vitkevicius, I.Jirgevicius, Jtogis, Llonkunas, and Lontviliute. They acted v;ell 
and no criticisiis can be Made about tliem. • • • • 

After the second act Bigelis played Schm.iann^s "Traunerei and Ronance" and 
v;ieniav/sk:/*s *'Kujav;iak" on the violin, lifter the third act ilriksciokiute sang 
l.ioniuszka*s "The Day Is Darkening" and Petrauskas' "heat. Bright Sun." xifter 
the fourth act the Birute chorus wsang Petrauskas* "Rea Sun," "Comes an Scho," 
and "./here Is Our ..oiie?" 

II B 1 c (1) 

I K 

Lletvva, ::ov> 4, 1910. 

vjb^:sri»s E:xiaFTi::i^.3:T scgiety presents play/ 


The '.'foments Enlightenr^.ent Society presen'oed tv;o co::iedies at the Hull House 
Theater, October 30— Zemaite's "Our Good One," ap.d the T;/o V/ornen's "One 
Tends Oneself As One Can." Both plays had already been presented in 
Chicago before, participating in the first v;ere K? tkeviciene, L.oskiene, 
Vaisviliute, Krlvaiciute, I.:ontviliute, Kriksciokiute , Gruzinskiene, and 
Kenutiene. Men^s roles v/ere played by v/orr.en, so that, it is understandable, 
it did not appear as it should have 

In the comedy (not a dramal) "One Tends Oneself As One Can," the participants 
v;ere Vaitiekunas, Daiiiijonaitiene, L.oski^ne, Licevicia, Briedis, Kuzn.ickiute , 
Ilgaudas, Sankunas, and Gabriute. . . . • 

After the presentations Lliss FCriksciokiute sang ryv.oniuszka»s "Evening Song" 
and "The Violent Girl." 

V-, o < 

II J 1 c (1) 


Lictuva , Oct, 21, 1010. 

^imiJILJ;: oOGI.ilJT .IiL^:G.. rR^J>S.7^3 VL.:iS7 

xhe DraLiatic Circ?le oi the Litiiuf^nian socialist .JLliance pr3SL;nted t;;o 
comedies, "(:k)lden Idols" and "Do -:ot Resist," October 16. 'iTie procran did 
not nention v/ho v:rot9 or translatevi these two plays, xhat is not cood; the 
preparers of the pro^raiiis shoulc. not ferret such things. "Golden Idols," 
a coraedy in three acts, is quite interesting tiiou h it is taken not from 
the life of the Lithuanians oxxz frc::i that of the lolish nobility. There is 
much action and many fu^.ny situations in the comedy. 

Tha comedy "Do '_yot Resist" is also rood. Undoubtedly, the beauty of both 
these plays v;as r.ride apparent b^'' rood actin^:. Tae Dramatic Gircle acted 
them out very v;ell. The performers played their roles so v;ell that, 7:hile 
watcninn, you folt you v;ere seein-; a reall^r fu.Jiy incident • • • • . It 
should not be foryotton that mt-iny already distinguished amateur actors of 
the staf,e participated, such as 3. Vaitielamas, 11. Dunduliene, and Driedis. 
There were also several nev ones. Of the jiev. ones, K. Ilikolaitis and 

A. Dunduliute can be added to our list of more talented stape artists vjitn- 
out error» • • • • 


Lietuva, Oct. 14, 1910 • 

^UTA TrZLiTriiCAL scci:^^ rRE33:Ts vuq/ 

The Rata Theatrical Society presented Guzutis' play, ''The Lord and the Feasant," 
at the Czech Hall, 1126 V/. leth -itreet, Cctoher 9. 

The acting:, conipared v;ith most of the Lithuanian presentations, was good 
enough. Some of the actors, for instance, .i. oidlauskas,. ... J. 
Chnielauskas . . • . , K. alta, and J. 3eliackas. . . • played their parts 
very vjell 

II B 1 c (1) 


Lietuva , Oct. 7, 1910. 


Tha artists of the Farmers of Lithuania Society presented "The Clever Widow" 
and "It Broke Off" at the Klacel Hall October 2. 


\ 1 VI s 

li B 1 c (1) 


Lietuva, Cct. 7, 1910. 

/riTlI]A::L-J. OCCLJ.IJT3 PRj:3^i;T FIuxY/ 

Cha^^ter 16 of the Socialist Fartv T^resented "In Reverend Grar.ula*s Office" 
and "The Three Loved Ones" at the Lniversity of Ghica^^o Settleinent Kail, 
October 1 

II 3 1 c (1) 

III ^ 


Listuva, Sept. 30, 1910. 


The Lithuanian Youth Circle presented a five-act play, "The Lithuanian Maid,'^ 
at th3 Columbus Hall in the Jo;vii of Lake district, Septeiaber 25. 

\ O . . .' 


II 3 1 c (1) 


Lietuva , 3ept« IG, 1910. 

/ToRKu^RS* CHORUS PIliloJliTo JUllJ' 


The '..'orkers' Chorus presented "The Last ..ave," a ciraioa by 3. Varcsas, at 
the I.ull House Theater, Jeptoraber 11. 

Those who iiad roles in tl:c play v;ere J. rotraitis, lXil..vicius, 3utvilas, 
Varasauskiute, and ^LUfustinavicius. 

II 3 1 c (1 ) LIlTiUiUTlAI- 


Lietuva , i.lay 27, 1910. 


The Birute Society presented the dra..ia "Lithueinians" at the Hull douse Theater 
on itiay 22 • 

• • • 

The actors v;erel '^okirgailiexae/' lU Daiai jonaitiene; her son, "Leonas," J. 
Kazenausicas ; her daughter, *'Irene", Li. ..xOntviliute; "Au^^stinas" , a cleric, 
K, Drangelis; his father, J. Biezis; his i.iother, Kalvaiciute; "Zoliene," F. 
Moskiene; *'Pr2.evluckis", a Polish-ninded lanaovmer and friend of **Skirgailiene", 
V. Vitkevicia; "Stungurys", a:: econoiaist, L. oto^-^is; head of the police, P. 
Stogis; and the prison guard, J. Buragas. 

Mr. lu. retrauskas played the organ between acts. 

- ■■! O ' 


II B 1 a 

III B 2 Lietuva , May 20, 1910. 

I A 2 a 

I C 

rv 'Ihe Lithuanian King Mindaugas Club sponsored an affair with a play and 
a ball at the St. George School Hall on May 15, for the benefit of the 
same school. Dr. Pietaris* four-act drama, ''The Battle of Gruenwald** was 
presented and songs were rendered. The drama was presented by the 
theatrical Birute Society; the songs were rendered by the chorus of the 
same Society, under the direction of Mr. M. Petrauskas. 

This drama can be called, without error, one of the best in our language. 
It portrays, beautifully and vividly, the political policy and villainy 
of the Poles and of Jagaila toward the Lithuanians. The drama is based 
on historical facts. 

The first and second acts present Jagaila 's rooms in Cracow. Jagaila, 
the Lithuanian traitor, is portrayed as a half-wit and a schemer. Often, 
as he paces the floor, he mutters prayers and is a firm believer in the 
omnipotent power of his relics, of which he always carries a small sack 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Lietuva, May 20, 1910. 

I A 2 a 

II D 1 and v/hich include Judas* v/hiskers, a murderer's nail, the skin of 
I C a rat, a piece of u'ax, some kind of St. Phillip's fingernails, 

IV etc. Ke is alv;ays thinking of them and discusses them with the 
Bishop. The roles *'honor" their King for such piety though they 

really laugh at him and despise him. But he v/as their only chance for 
success in intrigues against the Lithuanians. Since he could understand 
nothing and did not even know how to read, his assistant and minister, 
Zbignievas, performed everything and controlled everything just as he 
v/ished. As for Jadvyga (Hedwig) , she abhorred and hated him dreadfully. 
But Zbignievas convinced her that she v/as the best foundation for the 
political fate and destiny of the Polish nation and that, v;ithout her, 
Poland would fall to the Lithuanians. 

With the Knights of the Cross attacking Poland, the latter decidedly 
needed the assistance of the Lithuanians. But they tried to get that 
assistance in such a v/ay that the Lithuanian's Vytautas' anny would 
fight the Knights for them and that the Poles, v/ith as little loss to 

II B 1 C (1) - 3 - LITHUANIAN 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Lietuva, May 20, 1910. 

I A 2 a 

II D 1 them as possible, would receive all the benefit and glory. After 
I C the two nations agreed to fight the Knights, Vytautas arrived with 
rv his army to find that the Poles were not preparing at all for 

battle, claiming that there was still plenty of time. Zbignievas 
and Jagaila had agreed to put the Lithuanians in the first lines so that 
they would be utterly destroyed. If, however, Vytautas were to conquer 
the Knights, then they too would attack the defeated Knights and would 
proclaim themselves the victors. Then they v/ould be able to take a 
weakened Lithuania into their own hands. But Vytautas was cunning. Ob- 
serving what the Poles were planning, he aroused the Knights and with- 
drew his array. The Knights attacked the Poles who, whether they wanted 
to or not, were forced to defend themselves. Later Vytautas attacked the 
Knights from the rear and utterly defeated them. Therefore in that manner 
the Lithuanians defeated the German Knights at Gruenwald, with the Poles 
unwillingly assisting them. (Today, however, the Poles advertise them- 
selves as the conquerors of the Knights.) 


II B 1 c (1) - 4 - LITHUMIAM 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Lietuva , May 20, 1910. 

I A 2 a 

II D 1 The actors were: V. Brusokas as ^Jagaila"; M* Damijonaitiene as 
I C »♦ Jadvyga , *• his wife; P. Moskiene as her friend; P. Butkus as 

IV "Abignievas^; A. Zacharevicia as the Bishop; P. Stogis as '^Magnatas^; 
A. Liutkus as "Vytautas**; J. BaDicas as "Marma," his messenger and 

several others, Bakutis, Z. Stogis, Praninckas, Valiukas, and Grikienis in 
minor roles. 


II D 10 

IV Lietuva . May 13, 1910. 


The Women's Enlighteiurtent Society held a tell at Pulaski Ball on April 7, and ge 
in addition presented Zenalte's coiosdy "Our Good One." 5 


The presentation of the play, it seems, did not take even a half -hour* As was ^ 

advertised, only woirien participated in the play. They were: Eatkeviciene, o 

Moskiene, M. Damijonaitiene, Balvalciute, Uontviliube, Mlscikaitiene and ^^ 

Eenutiene. S 

• •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ^^ 

The profit of the evening was intended for a student, Miss Balcauskaite,*... 

II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 


Lietuva, Apr. 29, 1910* 


' Chapter 58 of the Lithuanian Socialist Alliance of America sponsored a 
theatrical performance and a ball at the Columbia Hall, in this city, on 
April 16. The first play, "Neznaja Brodu, Ne SuisiaWodu'', was in the 
Russian language, the second, ^Po Revizii", in the Ukrainian language* 

The actors were from the Progress Dramatic Club of Chicago There 

were about 300 people present, most of whom were Lithuanians 


I I 3 1 c (1) LITHUi^ I^v 

III B 2 

I j:* i^ietuva , i^iar, 4, 1910. 


/fiJ'^i::7Is.tic:: 3f i:e.^;I..tig gircli: oi^ iir^ lit.jj^vi,j: 



Jonas Viskas 

The Dramatic Circle of the Lithuanian 3ocic:list alliance presented "The 
Knight of Pilenai" c.t the Hull House Theater on February 27. This play, a 
five-act tragedy, is a dra;aatization by :.l. Siauleniskis of ilrasevskis* im- 
portant novel , The rriest, .... 

The amateur actors v;eie the M. Dunduliene, J. Briedis, A. Vel^rkiute- 
Zagarijne, J. Sanlcanas, B. Vaitielroinas , H. Oiur-iG, J. Girijotas, ij. Danta, 0. 
Cepaiciute, ^i. "".eaaiciite, M. Hazerr^s and J. Levanas. 

/^^ ^ 

iH'Pi c 


II B 1 c (1) LITHUiiUIAK 

III B 2 

Lietuva, Feb* 25, 1910*. 

The Lithuanian Singers^ Dramatic Society arranged a presentation at the 
parish hall of St# Michael the Archangel, V/abansia and Marshfield Avenues, 
on February 6# It presented ''The Traitor, *• a drama in two acts* 

The best acting was performed by A. Girdziunas, Mary 0* Andrusevyciute, 
and Vincas 0. Razmanskis«»«»« 

II 3 1 c (1) 


LietuvH, Feb, 11, 1910* 


The Dramatic Circle of the Lithuanian Socialists League staged two comedies, 
"Amerika Pirtyje" (America in the Bath) , and "Dede Atvaziavo" (Uncle Has Arrived) , 
on February 6, at the Hull House theatre. These two comedies have been presented 
here several times before, and are well knovm to Chicago Lithuanians* 

The comedy t'V\jaerika Pirtyje," is an original Lithuanian play, written by 
Keturakis, It is a historical play, because it was the first theatrical play to 
be staged by Lithuanians, and therefore, marked the beginning of Lithuanian drama* 
The historical presentation took place in Palanga, Lithuania, on August 8, 1899# 

The cast of players in the latest presentation of "Amerika Pirtyje" was as follows: 
"Bekampis" — ^I.Ir* B. Vaitiekiinas, "LIrs. Bekampis" — lirs, Li* Dundulis, "Agota'* — Hiss 
li. Simoska, '^Vincas," the tailor — lur* J, Sankunas, and "Gaspadorius," the land- 
lord — ^Ivlr, Ivl. IlJazenas^ The performance was ver^/^ successful, as the cast of players 
v/as composed of the best Lithuanian theatrical artists in Chicago, The best char- 
acter performance was rendered by '^Vincas," the tailor, which vxas played by Llr. J. 

II B 1 C (1) - 2 - ^<^,,,jy LITHUANIA! 


Lietuva, Feb. 11, 1910. 

Sankunas; it was also the leading role. Others who rendered satisfactory 
performances were Mrs. Dundulis and l*lr. Kazenas* Miss Simoska lacked the 
required enthusiasm for her part* 

The cast of players of the other comedy, '^Dede Atvaziavo," is as follows: 
"Vingyra"-^LIr. T. Dundulis, "Jurgis Spurgis** — B. Vaitiekunas, "Garni ene" — Mrs* 
Dundulis, "Tarnaite," the maid — Miss 0. Cepaitis. This performance was also 
successful. xUl the players rendered very satisfactory performances. 

Both comedies were so successfully staged that it is doubtful if any other 
Lithuanian theatrical troupe in i\merica could have rendered better performances. 
The audience was in a very gay mood from beginning to end. The attendance was 
not large because many Lithuanian theatrical fans did not wish to witness the 
performances a second time. 

If the Dramatic Circle will continue to present such wonderful performances, it 

II B 1 C (1) - 3 - LITEnjAITI^iN 


Lietuva, Feb. 11, 1910. 

will undoubtedly receive the proper support from the Lithuanian public, and will 
probably develop into a professional Lithuanian theatrical troupe. 

II B 1 c (1 ) 
II D 10 

Lietuva , Jan. 14, 1910. 





t \ 

/'- , '. 

-^ I- •: 

1 <- » • . •. . 



The Dramatic Circle of the Lithuanian Socialists Lea^^e staged a comedy, 
"Audra Giedroje" (A Storm in Fair ..eather), on Jiinday evening January 9, 
at St. George *s parish hall, 32nd Place and Auburn (nov; Lituanica ) Avenue. 
Tlie Play was staged for the benefit of the nusra (Aurora) Society, v/hich 
is a students* aid and general educational society. A fairly large crowd 
attended. It is estimated that a profit of about tvj^enty dollars v/as realized. 

Vie will not discuss the plot of the Play because it is v;ell knovm to the 
Lithuanians in Chicago. It has been staged here several times before. 

The cast of players is as follov/s: ''Kupetis" — LIr. Briedis, ^'Agne" — Lliss 
Cepaiti3» '^I^atre" — Miss Zemaitis, *'Bartasius" — LIr. Vaitiekunas, *^Magdalena , " 
the old maid — llrs. LI. Dundulis, ^Barbe,'* the daughter of '*Bartasius" — Miss 
Palcatis, "," son of "Bartasius" — Ivlr. Levanas, "Grigaitis," the young 

II B 1 c (1 ) 
II D 10 

- 2 - 

Lietuva> Jan» 14, 1910, 


doctor — J. Svermickas, "Raulas/* the servant of "Kupetis"— LIr» J. 

The best acting was done by ^'Bartasius'* fc)layed by Llr. Vaitiek\mas)# Ke 
created much laughter in the audience. Others v^rho rendered satisfactory 
performances v/ere: Lliss Gepaitis, LIr# Briedis, and LIrs, Dundulis. The 

acting of the other players cannot be praised. However, this fact should 
be overlooked because it was their first appearance on the stage. Llr. 
Briedis became ill prior to the performance, but did not fail to carry out 
his part, having in mind the good cause for v;hich the Play v;as staged. 


heard rumors to the effect that the profit from the Play was rather small 
because many Lithuanian Socialists boycotted the affair. The reason given 
for the boycott is the very good reason v;hy the Play was staged — for the 
Ausra Society, which society is a rival of the Socialists Student Loan Circle« 
However, vie are inclined not to believe this absurd charge, because the 
Ausra Society aids students of all views, even Socialists. At present, the 

^ .. .- 

II B 1 c (1 ) 
II D 10 

- 3 - 

Lietuva, Jan, 14, 1910, 


majority of the students who are being aided are Socialists. Then why 
shoxild the Socialists possess an unfriendly attitude tov;ard the Ausra 


I C 

IV Lletuva, Jan. 7, 1910, 



The Bimta Music and Dramatic Society successfully presented the first 
Lithuanian opera, "Sidnapiute^ (Hay Harvest), on Sunday afternoon, January 
2, at the Garrick Theatre, which is located in the downtown section of 
Chicago. Besides the opera, a comedy entitled **Be S\imenes" (V/ithout /""^ > 
Patience), was also staged. This comedy, which was the first Lithuanian 
play to be staged in America (on Dec. 31, 1869, at Plymouth, Pa.) was pre-\c 
sented to conjiiemorate the twentieth anniversary of that event. The entire j- 
program was under the personal direction of Mkas Petrauskas, world-famous 
Lithuanian composer and director of the Biruta Society. 

The whole affair was successful in every way, except from a financial standpoint. 
It is estimated that of the fifty thousand Lithuanians in the Chicago area only 
about one per cent came to witness the first presentation of the first Lithua- 
nian opera. Expenses were over $400, but the total receipts were only $380. 
As a result, the affair resulted in a deficit of more than twenty dollars. 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - ' LITIiUAIIIAH 

I G 

lY LietuTO, Jan. 7, 1910. 

The reason for the sinall attendance is the low level of intelligence of our 
people, and the apparent fact that they are still more interested in saloons 
than anything else. Financially, an ordinary vjorkingman enjoys a better 
life than our writers, musicians, and artists* 

The program be^^an with the presentation of the second act of the melo-drama 
"Birute" (the name of the fourteenth century Lithuanian duchess). This act 
was very inpressive, like a prayer to the Lithuanian gods. The leading part, 
'^Birute", was played by Miss M. Horodeikis, who rendered a very satisfactory 
performance. Others v^ho played v;ell were: "Old Priest" — A. Zacharas, and 
"High Priest"— J. Ilgaudas. 

The second part of the program was the presentation of the two-act comedy, 
"Be Sumenes" (V/ithout Patience). It v;as very successfully presented. The 
following players gave a good account of their perforiiances: "Jurgis" — }^. 
M. Dudas, "Kotryna" — lirs. M. Damijonaitis, "Ona" — Ldss P. Atkociunas, and .Xf 
"Ickus"—^. Uktveris. 

^."^ y 

II B 1 c (1) - 3 - LITHUANIAN 


IV Lietuva, Jan, 7, 1910, 

The third and main event was the presentation of "'Sien^piute'' (Hay Harvest), 
which was the first presentation of the first Lithuanian opera. This per- 
formance cannot be preised nor censured, but conpares favorably '.vith the 
usual x\meric'n presentations. It created the impression that it is only the 
first act of a long drama, and not a complete Play. The libretto is not a 
drama, tragedy, or a comedy. Two or three more acts could easily have been 
added to this operetta, then it v;ould really be a grand opera. From, the stand- 
point of art and music, that is, orchestral music, the opera was very exhila- 
rating. The performance vjas very effective and highly successful. The chorus 
became slightly confused while singing the most difficult part of the opera. 
However, this fact should be overlooked ^-vhen all the unfavorable conditions 
under which the opera was presented are taken into consideration. 

The scene of the opera is laid in a field in Lithuania just before sunset. A 
group of women, who gather the hay after if is mowed by the men, persuade the 
men to cease work for the day. The sun sets; the toilers stop working and rest in 

'-■ \ ^> 

II B 1 o (1) - 4 - LITHUANIAN 

I C 

IV Lletuva, Jan. 7, 1910. 

the field. One of the workers, ''Aldona", longs to see '*Masulis", a peasant, 
with whom she is in love. In the meantime, a young farmhand entertains the 
reapers with songs. ^CrOtautas.'* the landlord, arrives and begs ^Aldona" to 
become his house-servant. Later, he makes love to her, and asks her to become 
his wife. •'Aldona'*, being a poor peasant frirl, declines the offer of marriage, 
saying that **Gotauta8**, who is a rich landowner, would not love her after their 
marriage. **GrOtautas^ becomes enraged, and vows to seek revenge. Later, **lSasulis** 
arrives on the scene. ''GrOtautas'', after seeing the couple make love to each 
other, swears revenge against 'Tfasulis", and leaves the scene. Presently, a 
young lad arrives and informs "Masulis" that his mother was dispossessed by 
*'Ootautas'* , who threw all her belongings into the road in a reckless manner. 
The Play ends with an impressive song by the entire Biruta chorus, as the reapers 
prepare to go home. 

The history of '^Sienapiute", the first Lithuanian opera, is as follows: After 
successfully presenting his melodrama, '^Birute'^, in the city of Vilna, Lithua- 
nia, during the Fall of 1906, the composer, Kikas Petrauskas, decided to write 
a Lithuanian opera. He disclosed his plan to K. Josukaitis, who agreed to write 

II B 1 c (1) - 5 - LITHUANIAN 

I C 

IV Lietuva. Jan, 7, 1910. 

the libretto for '^Sienaoiute" in accordance vjith a plan subrnitted by Kr, 
Petrauskas* He ?;rote the lib.^etto v/ithin three days. lirs. Petrauskas composed 
the music for **Sienapiute" vjithin eight months v;hile in Svjitzerland during 1906 
and 1907. The orchestration of the opera took a longer time, because Llr. Petraus- 
kas toured Americr. with concerts. He v;rote the orchestration during 1908 and 
1909 while attending a Conservatory of Music in Paris, France • 

The follovang artists participated in the presentation of "Sienapiute^M '^Ivlasulis^ — 
Kr. K. Kasputis, ^'Aldona^' — ^Miss H. Jaksevicius, ''Gotautas" — 1^^^. V. Brusokas, and 
Juska", a servant — !.^. F. Zacharas. Mr. K. Dranpielis also nlayed the part of 
a servant; Lliss II. Horodeikis played the part of a peasant girl; Yx, J. Ilg^^udas 
and Yr. K. ^trumskis acted as peasants. The most important roles were that of 
"Mesulis^, tenor, and '^Aldona'', soprr:no. Some of the characters, as that of ^^G-otau- 
tas*^, did not do any singing. 

Gabriel Katzenberg3r, a German, who is the most distinguished music critic in ,Nv^ 

4 ' . * 

II 3 1 c (1) 

I C 

- 6 - 

leietuvc, Jan> 7, 1910. 


Ghicfigo, made the follo^'in^ critir;isin of ''Sienapiute" In the January 3 issue 
of the Illinois Staats Zeltunp;; ''The music is original, the theme is well de- 
veloped and embellished with amour and melody. Although the participants in 
the opera are all theatrical amateurs, nevertheless, they rendered splendid 
performances; their voices ivere clear and pleasing. The Biruta chorus was really 
great. Lir. Petrauskas is a very talented musical artist, and much good can 
be expected from him as a musical composer." 

Mr. Petrauskas is now writing another Lithuanian opera, "Egle, Zalciu l^araliene" 
(The ^Ivergraen Tree, Q,ueen of Non-Poisonous Snakes), which deals with Lithuanian 
mythology. The libretto is takisn from ''Guzutis", a well-known drama composed 
by A. Fromo. 



II 3 1 c (1) LITliUmiiiK 

II B 1 a 

IV LietuTO, Dec. 31, 1909. 



The Biruta LIusic and Dramatic Society staged "Adomas ir Jieva" {Adam and Eve) , 
a two-act operetta, on December 26, at the Hull Ixouse theatre. The Pla^'- v/as 
written by Llikas Petrauskas. iilthough the vjoather was bad, a fairly large 
crowd attended. 

Besides the drama, the audience was entertained v;ith Lithuanian folk songs by 
the famous Biruta chorus, led by I.Iikas Petrauskas. I.Ir. .'trumskis played several 
selections on the organ. The most successful congs v/ere: "Liuosybes Daina" 
(Song of Liberty), and "Eina Garsas Kuo Rubeziaus" (I Hear a Voice From the 
Border) , v;hich is an ancient Lithuanian military song. 

The Play, which is more or less conical, provoked much laughter in the audience. 
It is a story of :x>dern Adam and Eve« The synopsis of tlie Play is as follows: 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a 


Lietuva . Dec. 31, 1909. 



A young roarried couple is employed as servants by a count. The couple had to 
work very hard, and blamed all their troubles on the first parents, Adam and 
Eve; the husband placed all the blame on ^ve, v/hile the wife blamed Adam. One 
day the count overheard their arguments. He promised to provide the couple with 
a real eden for the remaining days of their lives if they could prove that thej/ 
were less curious than Adam and Eve. Ke cave the couple a larf-e room in his 
home, supplied them v;ith all the necessities of life, and granted them complete 
liberty'', but forbade them to rem.ove the lid from a certain vase in the room. 
The two ivere very well satisfied with their new life, but the wife began to 
worry more and more about the contents of the vase, and on a number of occasions 
asked her husoand for permission to look into the vase in order to satisfy her 
growing curiosity. But the husband refused the requested permission, and asked 
his v/ife to forget the vase. Finally, the v/ife became ill, and was dying from, 
curiosity. The husband did not wish to become a widower, so he opened the vase, 
from v;hich a dove flev; out. The ;vife imiaediately recovered, and severely cen- 
sured her husband for opening the vase. The count then restored the couple to 
their former positions, and advised them not to blame Adam and Eve any more for 

II B 1 c (1) 
II B 1 a 



Lietuva. D ec, 31, 1909 


their miserable pliglit, because they lost eden in the very same roanner as did 
the first t)arents. 

The cast of players v:ere as follows: "Adomas" — J* Uktveris, "Jieva" — ^l.Irs. M. 
Damijonaitis, "Graf as," — J. Ilgaudas. 

The most important event of the season v.ill be the sta^,ing of the first Lithuanian 
opera, "Sienapiute" (Hay Harvest), by the Biruta Society on January 2, 1910 at 
the Garrick Theatre • 




II B 1 c (1) LITriU/JIL^uI 

II B 1 c (2) 

IV Lletuva , Dec* 3, 1909. 



The Biruta Ilusic and Drariatic Society successfully presented "Pabaigtuves" 
(iifter the Harvest), a two~act conedy, on Thanksgiving Day, IIoveiai)er 25, at 
St. George's parish hall, 52nd Place and Auburn (now Lituanica) Avenue. 

The synopsis of the Play is as follov;s: 

"Tekle," daughter of a large land o\\Tier in Lithuania, becomes engaged through 
correspondence to "Feliksas," a young student of philosophy, v;hon she never 
met. lifter the hrirvest on his parent's fana, "Feliksas" journeys to meet 
*'Tekle." In the meantime, the latter decides to have some fun and test his 
love when he arrives. She trades places on the farm with "Klara," a poor 
peasant girl. Vftien '^Feliksas" arrives, he is led to believe that "Klara" is 
his fiancee. He dislikes 'TQara," but is attracted by the charms and beauty 


II B 1 c (1) 
II 3 1 c (2) 

_ ^ — 


Lietuva, Dec. 3, 1909. 

of "Tekle," and iriakes love to her. Later, his parents arrive on the farm and 
borate him for falling in love v.lth a peasant cirl. He makes a strong effort 
to convince his parents that peasants are in no way inferior to people of the 
upper classes, and succeeds in obtaining their consent to inarry "Tekle." The 
plot is then exposed, and the vjedding takes place as scheduled. 

This comedy was written by Mikas Petrauskas, according to a similar Play in 
the Polish language by Korzeniowski. 

The cast of players are as follows: "Tekle" — kiss LI, Odeikis; ''Sambelis" — 
V. Brusokas; "i'eliksas" — ?• I:iutkus; "i:ia^*a" — I,liss 2^. Kalvaitis; the "organ- 
l8t"~V. Pukas; the "Jew"~V. Bikelis; ^'Katriute"~i.iiss I.. Lontvila; "Jonas"— 
J. Liiezinis; "old peasant" — J. Juska. 

Besides the comedy, the audience entertained v;ith the following Lithuanian 
national dances: •Klumpakojis* (wooden shoe dance); '3uktinis' (a twirl dance); 
•Iloriu Liego' (I want to sleep); and ^Blezdingele* (o\*;allow dance). 

This is 


II B 1 c (1 ) 
II B 1 c (2) 

- 3 - 


Lietuva, Dec. 3, 1909 

the first time the latter two dances i.ere executed on a stage in Chicago, The 
audience was mostly pleased v/ith the 'Noriu Liiego* dance; an encore was re- 

All participants in the program were trained and directed by Llikas Petrauskas. 

The newly organized 3iruta orchestra, composed of twenty members, participated 
in the program for the first time, and made a very effective impression. It is 
probably the first high grade Lithuanian orchestra in America. 

Besides the songs in the Play, the 3iruta chorus sang the following Lithuanian 
songs: "Piauti Linksma, Piauti Gera" (It is Pleasant to Mow, it is Good to 
Ivlow); and "Oi Tu Jieva" (Oh You i^ve). 

■>■ 4 » 

II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 

I S 


Lietuva, Nov. 12, 1909, 



The Dramatic Circle of the Lithuanian Socialist League successfully staged the 
drama, '♦Alkani Zmones*^ (Hungry People), on Sunday November 7, at the Hull House 
Theater, Polk and Halsted Streets, A capacity crowd attended. 

This is a very good drama, and it may be boldly stated that it is one of the 
best plays written in tha Lithuanian language. It very competently depicts hun- 
gry people and the reasons for their hunger. The scene of the play is a small 
town in Lithuania. 

The most important characters of the play are as follows: "i^brozas'^ (B. 
Vaitekunas), a cobbler; "Marcele" (Miss M. Pakas), the cobbler's wife; 
''Agnieska^ (Hiss K. Makas), the cobbler's daughter; and "Birutis" (J. Briedis), 
a roomer in the cobbler's home. ,\'\ 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITIIlANLiN 

III B 2 

I E Lietuva , llov. 12, 1909. 

Anbrozas is a confirmed drunkard, and drunkenness is one reason why some peo- 
ple go hungrj^. Birutis is a mental and physical wreck, a victim of the exist- 
ing social order, which he despises. "He cannot find employment, because he 
cannot stand liaving a boss over hin. " xxgnieska is employed in a laundry at 
five rubles per month; she is frail, weak, and hungry. Later, she is forced 
to become a prostitute in order to make ends meet. In this connection Birutis 
states that "prostitution will exist as long as the present social order exists." 

In one scene, the landlord snatches an overcoat from -timbrozas as payment for 
back rent. Later, the whole family, together with all its belongings, is driven 
out into the snow for failure to pay the rent. 

The abuses of the existing social order finally induce Birutis and xignieska 
to coinmit suicide, while i.larcele is driven insane. 



I - 

II B 1 c (1) LITHUAI^L^ 

II A 3 b 

lY Lietuva, Nov. 12, 1909. 


The Biruta Musical and Dramatic Society successfully staged tvi^o comedies on 
Sunday, November 7, at St. George's Parish Hall, 32nd Place and Auburn 
(now Lituanica) Avenue. The following plays were presented: A one-act 
comedy entitled '^ienas is Musu Turi Apsivest^ (One of Us Must Get Married); 
and a musical comedy or operetta entitled ^Caniinakretis ir Malonininkas" 
(The Chimney Sweep and the Miller). The latter is a creation of Mikas 
Petrauskas* The music was furnished by a sixteen-piece orchestra, which 
was composed of members of the two best orchestras of Chicago—the Theodore 
Thomas Orchestra and the Philharjionic Orchestra. 

The fame and popularity of Mikas Petrauskas is rapidly increasing, especially 
in Chicago. His musical creations are vdry effective, especially when they 
are played by good musicians. The audience behaved very nicely and, apparently, 
everyone was fully satisfied with the program. 

The subject matter of the plays is well-known to most Lithuanians and will no 

II 3 1 c (1) - 2 - LITKlLiMIAH 

II A 3 b 

lY Lietuvh, ITov. 12, 1909. 

be discussed here. I -early all the flayers enacted their roles in an effective 
manner • 

The cast of players of ''Cne of s :.-ust :>et ::arried" is as follows: "Tetule", 
by rirs. P. xoskus; professor of nather.iatics, by J. Uktveris; professor of 
philosophy, by :.. Dudas; adopted dao;ghter of "Tetule'^, by Hiss ::. Locaitis. 

The pla.-ers of "The Chinme:.' oweep and the filler" v;ere: The miller, by A. 
Zacharias; his daughter, by -liss 11. Cdeiki.:; the raaid, by Mrs. 11. Darai jonaitis; 
his \vife, by L. outlcus; the chimney-sweep, by 7. Il£:^audas; his sen, by J. 
Locaitis; his servant, by B. ^^aluti.^i. 

All players were instructed under the personal direction of :'ikas letrauskas. 
The players were v/ell se .ectod for thoir roles. 

ri^fter the sta-^e presentations the audience v/as entertained v;ith Lithuanian 
national dances, such as the '^Virve (Rope), '^Klu^apakojis" (.Vooden Shoe), and 

II :^ 1 c (1) - 3 - LITIIUAIIIAInF 

II A 3 b 

lY Lietuva, Nov.^ 12, 1909. 

•^Suktinis^' ['2^jirl) . Tiie dancers perfor;aed unusually 'veil because of the 
excellent rausic which was furnished by a ^ood orchestra. 

The affair was a -reat success in every respect, .i capacity crowd attended. 

The i^ithuanians of other colonies, even in Lithuania, can envy the Lithuanians 
of Chicago, becc^use such excellent affairs have been poosible so far only in 

I B 1 

III B 2 Lietuva . Oct. 29, 1909. /< 


Last Sunday, October 24, the Lithuanians of Chicago staged three dramas and 
observed one important anniversary. According to reports, all v;ere financi- 
ally successful; each affair was attended by large crov/ds. 

A three-act drama, entitled "Isgriovimas Kauno Pilies" (The Destruction of 
Fort Kaunas), was staged in the State otreet Turner hall, under the auspices 
of the Providence of Gk)d Lithuanian Roman Catholic parish. The performance of 
the actors was very poor. During the entire performance, beer was sold to 
members of the audience. The performers were so poorly trained in their roles 
that it was necessary to cancel the third act of the drama. The scenery also, 
was not appropriate. Even the least informed members along theatrical lines 
in the audience noticed that the performance was bad.. The priests who sponsor- 
ed this Play without suitable performers and scenery deserve to be aeverely cen- 
sured, because such performances adversely affect the attendance at our sub- 
sequent stage presentations. Furthermore, the sale of intoxicating drinks 
during a theatrical performance cannot be construed as a good moral practice, 


II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LIThUJTL 


I B 1 

III B 2 Lietuva . Oct. 29, 1909. 

especially v/hen it is sponsored by a parish v/ith a priest whose main duty 
is to teach morality^ 

The next presentation took place on Town Of Lake in Columbia hall, 48th 
and Pau±ina streets. A comedy, entitled " Gudri Ilasle" (The Clever Midov:; , 
was staged. It was sponsored by the first branch of the Lovers of the 
Fatherland 3ociet^% Th^ behavior of this audience vras no better than that 
at the above mentioned performance # The players in this instance did not 
perforra any better. 

The third presentation was held on Bridgeport, in the Freiheit Turner hall, 
5421 oouth iialsted Street, sponsored by the Llockius iheatre Company. A play 
entitled " Tarnas Be Kantrybes*' (An impatient Servant) was staged. 

In South Chicago, the local Lithuanian organizations commemorated the 40'th 
anniversary of Lithuanian mass emigration to /imerica. The program consist- 
ed of orations, songs, and recitations. /^^ 



I E 

IV Li etuva , Oct. 22, 1909. 



The Dramatic Circle of the Lithuanian Socialist League successfully staged the 

drama '♦Firmi Zingsniai" (The Fir«"t Steps) on October 17 at the Hull House 

theater. The plot of the play was as follov/s: -o 



Zvirblis, tenant farmer on the estate of !.!urinskis, has a daughter, Ona, with l^ 
whom Enrikas, son of LIurinskis, is in love. Ona repulses the advances of S^ 
Smitke, German foreman of ^!urinskis• estate. In retaliation, Smitke makes ^^ 
various attempts to haira the Zvirblis family and their youthful farm hand, 
Jonas, who is a bookv;orm. Jonas has been taught to read by Enrikas, who also 
supplies him with books. 

Smitke is a cruel foreman; he persecutes, exploits, and defrauds the farm 
workers. Murinskis subscribes to the old bourgeois theory that workers have 
no rights, that they must be oiopressed and made to tremble in the presence of 
their superiors. However, he is a rather easygoing man. His son is a convert 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - IITHUAJIIAJT 

I E 

IV Lietuva, Oct. 22, 1909, 

to the new progressive ideals. He looks upon the peasants as his equals, and :^ 
endeavors to help them as much as possible, !!adaine ?1irinskis subscribes to ^ 
the views of her son, ^ 

The drania depicts a scene from an uprising of the peasants against their mas- ig 
ters, Slapas, a student on vacation at the home of Zvirblis, urges all the £ 
peasants to demand certain rights that have been won by peasants elsewhere, oj 
and, if necessary, to refuse to work until their demands are met,Smitke in- 
forms L!urinskis of the plans of the peasants, and advises the banishment of 
the Zvirblis family. Murinskis learns from a neighbor that the peasants on 
the surrounding farms are already on strike. The landowners invite the 
Cossacks to suppress the peasant uprising. 

With Zvirblis as their spokesman, the peasants demand concessions from their 
master, Smitke enters the home of l<furinskis through a window and steals his 
master* s money. He blames this crime on Zvirblis, who is jailed, Murinskis 


— I 


II B 1 c (1) - 3 - IJTHITANIAI" 

ri •- 

IV Lletuva, Oct. 22, 1909. 

learns that the farm of his neighbor, Frick, has been ruined by the Cossacks, '^ 

the buildings burned, and Frick severely beaten. Thoroughly frightened, :«» 

Murinskis decides to flee, intending to leave Smitke in full charge of his ^ 

estate^ However, the latter resigns, and takes to flight after receiving C 

two hundred rubles in back salary. As Smitke leaves the farm, he carries all "iS 
his money in his hands and boasts to himself of his villainous de?ds. His words 3 

are overheard by Jonas, who is hiding: in the shrubbery with a gun, ready for -^ 

th5 Cossacks. Jonas becomes angered, shoots Smitke, and takes all his money. bj 


The Cossacks arrive; they plunder and destroy everything, and severely beat 
Murinskis. His son admonishes his father for his mistakes, and succeeds in 
persuading him to release Zvirblis. Finally, Enrikas receives his father^s 
permission to marry Ona; his father deeds the farm to him, and the drama ends 
with the following words of Enrikas: '•Long live the brotherhood of man, of 
understanding, and of liberty!" 

The drama had a pleasing effect upon the audience. It is really a very 

II B 1 c (1) - 4 - LTTHUMIAIT 

I E 

IV Lietuva , Oct. 22, 1909. 

beautiful and intelligently v;ritten play. It is entirely free from super- 
fluous expressions, and everything is properly timed and arranged to suit each 

character. Every character honestly adheres to his or her ideals, and departs p: 

from them only when forced to do so by unfavorable circumstances. The theme C 

and plot of the play are carefully based on real life, and are developed with ^ 

properly selected and well-conceived characters. In a word, the whole drama 2 

is very vivid and effective. oo 


Most of the players performed their roles well, and v;ere well fitted for them. 
Mr. Strazdas (who played the role of Frick) and Miss Pakas (who played the role 
of Mrs. Zvirblis) were unsuited to the parts they played. The following players 
rendered splendid performances: 3. Yaitekunas (Murin.;kis) , I!r. Briedis (Zvir- 
blis), J. Levanas (Smitke) , A. Zagaras (Enrikas) , J. Stankunas (Jonas), T'iss K. 
Makas, J. Bruzas, and Miss A. Zemaitis. The most outstanding players were B. 
Vaitiekunas, Mr. Briedis, and Mr. Levanas. A. Zagaras lacked enthusiasm where 
it was mostly needed. Mr. Vaitiekunas is unquestionably a real dramatic artist. 

II B 1 c (1) 

I E 


- 5 - 

Lietuva, Oct. 22, 1909, 


The prompter spoke so loudly that at times it was possible to hear him even in 
the balcony. It is hoped that in future performances the Dramatic Circle will 
avoid this mistake. Furthermore, the intermissions between acts were entirely 
too long. 



At the conclusion of the performance, Bruno Var.t^sas, the author of the drama, 

was greeted by the audience with great enthusiasm; he answered two curtain calls. <:>j 

The Dramatic Circle will sta^e another drama, ^Alkani Zmones** (Hungry People) , 
on November 1, at the same theater. This drama was written by K. Jasukaitis* 


II H 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a 

IV LietUTO, Kay 7, 1909. 



The Biruta Singing and Dr?Tn8tic Society successfully staged '^Blinda'* 
(The nane of a Lithuanian Robin Hood, who actually lived in Lithuania early 
in the nineteenth century), a four-act raelodrama , on May 2, at the West 
Side Auditorium, corner of Taylor Street and Center Avenue, This drama 
was YJritten by Zemkalnis and is the lar/?est and most popular Lithuanian 
theatriCBl play in America. The perfoirmance was under the direction of 
Eronius Varrsss, celebrr^ted Lithuanian actor and playwright. The most 
distinguished Lithuanian theatrical artists of Chicago composed an all-star 
c?5St of players. It was the greatest stage performance the Lithuanians of 
Chicago ever witnessed. 

Although the performance was excellent, and most players acted like pro- 

II 3 1 c (1)) - 2 - LITiflJANTAN 

II B 1 a 

IV Lietuva, May 7, 1909. 

fessionals, nevertheless, there were sone weak points. Some players did 
not act natural at all times. For example, ^TJrsula** laughed and sniled 
when she was being united in wedlock with the bandit *^Blinda." A marriage 
ceremony is a solemn occasion, during wliich laughter is out of order. 

The appearance and performance of the ^Jew," ^Gypsy," and "Priest" were 
very natural. It is advisable for our artists to appear on the stage more 
often; then in a short time we will have a very good theatrical troupe. 

A high grade musical program entertained the audience during the intermission 
periods. Hiss LI. Horodeckis and Lliss II. Jaksevicius, the best Lithuanian 
vocal artists in Chicago, sang a duet. The Biruta choral group sang a 
number of beautiful Lithuanian son :s. 

II 3 1 c (1) 

I G 

:,Ti • ~T^7'-1 T 






'^ o . 

— > 

- J 

■ in 



a...(...i. • 

-, 1 C.MO 


f -r. r 

(ii T I ■ i ' '•'^ 

Tlieatric:;! CLC':iviti33 c^zonz Ghica-o ithuLJii .:.n3 hs7o boco:.i3 go popular that 
every ^:eel: there io at iea^t oao or tv;o 3t-:;-G ,'rj3ont:.tio::3. ho^/evor, crit' 
icisns oC ••:ho plaps, actoro, and actresaes aeldon appear in our ner/spapers. 

"..e have :Uite a nuiiiber oi* abia critics ai.. ".;riters. -a)parej.tly they depend 
too lauch upon ane another to v:rite to our nev;opaperj; ^.hoy appear to possess 

e spirit o^' th -.t ol_. proverb: '^let G-eorpe do it. 


The local :Mii\ only r-^cently or^^aniaed Birute ..:usic ana l)ra-iatic oociety 
presented for ohe Ghic:o:o Lii^uuanian colony a vary interojtinp theatrical 
:.:ni nusical pror;ra;:i on j'ebruary ^1 at the UniverL:ity Jettlenent I'/^li, in the 
ToiTn of L-d:e. The society stayed t-.;o j-lays: ''Dahtaro ^Cabinete^' (In the 
Joctor's Cabinet), a one-act coi.iedy; ..aid "ae 3au Jaones'* (laiselfish leopia), 
vdiich is a one-act draiia talzen iroi.i '^Yidimas' .rabociu .eseliai'^ ( 3h:..dov;s 
of .jxce stars). 

-he musical proprair. consisted or a auet on the piano 

violin, an.c sonps 

II 3 1c (1) 

I ■ ■ ■ -1 1 —— - - ^ ' ~ 

III B 2 

-rrrf- -i 


J. '•-/ 

Lietuvu, : :ar. 5, l-^09 

by tho 3inite choral ;:rcup. ::o-:Gver, 


e -tire ^rurrrari i.'cs not ■..s success- 

ThG first play to be sta^^ed »0-\ .labinote.^' This is a hic^ily enter- 
taining cor^euy and not very difficult to ^reo-jnt, .lov/ever, idie voice oi' J. 
Sut:us, ..ho actod the i-.i-)ort.ant ro.:o uf the. uoctor, \.as too .:oa]c* h. Cinikas 
and Miss r. :.:azari3, idio act -a oh} roles of tha easai.t caid hio v^ife, played 
their part:, in a lively ii . aatural !:..-ainer. ho\:ever, their voices \.ere also 
a. little too vre^ih, fho perf ar...ancos ..f 3. Vaitehun-.s, vaio played tne role 
of zhQ baron, -aid .-.. ^acharas, -dio played .h- role op tne patient, v;ere verj 

The draiia "ae iau ai^nes'' is a play of ae^sp thouphts. Liho all iir'::jaas, i 
can be successfully ...taped only by full-fledpe.c dr.<:..-.tic artists. It is 
verv difficult ior -diiateur artists to :..ahe the audience feel anu understand 
he full sisnific.aice oJ a drD-:ia, xt \;as very evi^^ent tliat the artists of 
"re 3au ixiones" luched .-ha ro.uired ability zo succes3ful].y pr^^sont zhe plc.y 

II E 1 c 

III 3 2 
I C 


Lietuva, 1-. .-r# 5, 1S09. 

Duriii!: the pro,:;rj:.>o o^ lLj pl^7 -h- uudicriC'S iau"jiiod v;Loro it oiiouiJ have 
v.ept. Thero is uoth-nr co:.:ical abouu the ^aay, bccauGe it ij a ureseritation 
01* the sorrov;3 ..isery oi .ru3oi.:ai _ithi.uaia}.i3 ...uri..;: tho ei.^;hte3nth cen- 
tury. The actors a:i: actrj 3e3 not only lacked ability, but their voices 
v;ere too v;eal:. It ';a3 ii.nu33ible to he-r the aialoaue beyond thc^ fifth row. 
Even shouts of "louder" were nade several oi. .es by the people in the audience, 
"ly^holas," the younc feudal slave, spoke nore clearly than thj otlers. llo;/- 
ever, he failed to incorporate into hi:i \;ord3 the recuirad iu-cense fealiny, 
v;hen, n-iilG hio i.iother lay dyin;: in bed, the feudal lord arrived to entice 
his fiancee ".dliuta." hurin- thij iionent ^': y^colas" enpressed his ancer only 
by pullins his o\m h:^ir :-cna by bitin: hi., ovai hiu-ers, ^uch action appeared 
to be oui: of place anu creatod lau^iter ai;ion^: the L^udience. .a?. Il'^audas, 
v:ho T^l:iyed the i^art of "hvholas/' j.oes not -^.ossess the required ability to 
be a ;j:ood actor. 


letuva, Tel). ;j, jl 


O J. • 

kj <. ^ ^ 

OK. ^ 


G .:.e 

"xhe St. John the laptir.t Lithuanian Society :ill raoont *^Tarna 
Kantrybes'' (.':. ::;ervaiit :ithcut latience) , a 3C,..ody, on ''unday oveninc, 
yeb37uary 7, at the Yr.ihoit Jui-iier ::ali, 3-ilV-21 So. Ealsted 3tro3t, 
This v;ill le the fourth tlieatrical -.^rese^itation of t-ve society. 

Dancinr v/ill he enjo ed after the lay, .^h.iioiaon v;ill oe tv;enty-fiYe 
and thirtv-five cents. JJ.l lithuanians are invited to attend and srend 

II E 1 c (1) 


Lietuva , Jan.SS, l-OQ, 

The Frovidencs of God Society, v;hich alv/ays stages the cetter tjieatrical 
plays, vd.ll , resent "Valsciaus Sudas^* (The Ooiinty Court), a comedy, on 
Sunday eveninr, January 24, at the Freiheit burner Hall, 3417 So. I-alsted 

After the theatrical preser.ta^ion the floor -./ill he cleared for dancin/^, 
including a rrand riarch. Dance nusic v;ill be furnished b.; the orchestra 
of A. rilechis. 

II E 1 




1 a 

lietuva, Dec. 11, 19GC 


•i^ t» 




The St. Francis Serafinian occiety v;ill 3ta;*e ^'Apinaskolintas Jurcis'* 
(pLUSsianizea GeorcQ),a conedy, 'Saturday eveniii:'-, Deceriler Co, at 
Freilieit i?u"rner Hall, 3117 oo. halsted Street. Livery yeai* this society 
stages a conical theatrical j;lay in connection v;ith a nusical pro-^^ran. 
This year's presentation proir.ises '^c be letter than ever. 

Besides tlie play, the choir oP the Providence oP God Parish, under the 
direction of A. Linontas, -'.riii Purnish a r.iusical profrari of the latest 
son^'^s. Ijverybody is invited to attend. 


II B 1 c (2) 

II B 2 g 

III B 2 Lietuva, Oct- 9, 1908. 
II D 1 


I C 


Last Sunday, Sept. 27, the 122nd Lodge of the Lithuanian Alliance of America 
presented successfully ^Ponas Ir Muzikai** (The Baron and the Peasants), 
a four- act nelodrama, at Columbia Ilall, 48th and Paulina Sts., in the 
Town of Lake colony. A capacity crowd attended. 

This v/as the first presentation of th'* play in Chicago. It has been staged 
many times with great success in Lithuania and in the eastern part of the 
United States. The plot of the play, which is educational and highly 
entertaining, deals with the attempts of Lithuanian peasants to overcome 
class barriers. An unsuccessful effort is made in the play to marry off z^" 
a daughter of peasants to the son of a baron. 

A number of defects were noticeable during the presentation of the play. 

\ •<■ 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHtJANIAN 

II B 1 c (2) 

II B 2 g 

III B 2 Lietuva . Oct. 9, 1908. 

II D 1 

II D 2 Only two players rendered satisfactory performances. I.Iost of 
I C the players did not know their parts very v:ell and did not be- 
have properly. The role of "LIrs. Baltrus" was played by a very 
young Lithuanian girl, who failed in her efforts to characterize a middle- 
aged woman. The performance of "Liudyte/' -)layed by Miss Sophia Beinoris, 
was bad. Satisfactory performances were rendered by K. Strineikls, who 
played the role of the "Baron Klagerskis,"" and J. Jankus, v/ho played the 
roles of a priest and a Jew. The actin.^ of ^Onyte," the peasants ». daughter, 
was only fair. 

Recitations by Lithuanian girls and educational lectures by prominent Chicago 

Lithuanians were delivered during intennissions. r.!r. K. Balis, president 

of the Lovers of the Fatherland Society, delivered a lecture on ^;:ood 

manners. He compared Lithuanians v;ith people or other nationalities and . 

stated that we have much to learn from them. As an example, he referred \ 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 3 - LITHUANL-iN 

II B 1 c (2) 

II B 2 g 

III B 2 Lletuva , Oct. 9, 1908 

II D 1 

II D 2 to the men in the gallery who were smoking and had their hats 
I C on during the :erform:mce. He stated that when these very 

same men go to a five cent show of the Jews they take their 
hats off even before they ent^r the io:r. He criticized the audience for 
not observinc strict silence during the progress of the play. 

Another speaker of the evening delivered an address about the Lithuanian 
Alliance of America, He urged the people to join this mutual aid society, 
whose members rec.eive sick and death benefits. 

At the conclusion of the perfor.^ance, ^hich started at 4:30 P.L'. , the floor 
of the hall was cleared for -ancing, 

7/e would like to see all the Chicago lodges of the Lithuanian Alliance 
present such theatricals more often, however, an effort sh uld be made to 
train the players more thoroughly, and select characters for the indi^^idual 
roles more carefully. 


1 1 3 1 c (1) . LIT^IU-^IuT 

Lietuva, June 5, 1908. 


Last ounday evenin;^;, at tha International The-tre, the nirute Singing and 
Dramatic Jociety, v/hich v;as organizer last 3'ear by r.ikas letrauskac, 
successfully stacked "Birute," a two-act laelodraLoa dealin^^ vrith i'dthuanian 
life in the fourteenth century. The play ;7a3 v;ritten by /i. Zemkalnis, 
and the music by ''ikas Petrauskas. 

v;e will not ;;rite about tho story anci plot of ^»3irute" (the naie of a 
Lithuanian duchess in the f ourte vnth century), because it iS familiar to 
all Lithuanians. 

The leadin^'^ roles of tho draiiia ;7ere played by the follov;ing Lithuanian 
artists: Birute, by ::iss H. Cdeikis; Qrand Dulce Keistutis, by Vx. Vitkus; 
Lizdeika, the hi^h priest, by It, Zachar^s. 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 2 - Li?iiu.\::i.\iT 

Lietuva, June 5, 190S. 

■.7e can say v:it£LOut reservations that our youn'^ theatrical artists, iiany of 
v/hon '.vcre actin/s fo • th? first tine, rendered a vory satisfactory performance. 
The audience appeared to be hi-^hl?' plOL-sed v/it'^ -^-he entire perfor:.iance, 
especially v;ith the Lithuanian Jon,^s. The sonr:; '*Ci Tu Jieva'* received three 

There is roon for inprovencnt in our theatrical presentations, of course, but 
that is 3ur3 to cor.e aft r a little i.iore e^rperience. *re should /nal:e theatrical 
efforts more frequently and on a larr;er scale. Jud^in,^ by the v;ay our latest 
presentation -as received, it appears that our future efforts are assured of 
favorable reception by tho ' ithuanian public of Chicago. 

The "Dirute'* performance attracted a caT)acity crov;d. A n^j::iber of non-Lithuanians, 
Germans, 5^ench, and yunerican'., also attended. They sho:;3d great interest in 
Lithuanian nelcdie:>* 

II B 1 c (1 ) LITiiUAi^IM 

II D 10 

Lietuva, Vol. XIII, lio. 8, Feb. 24, 1905. 


The Doctor V. Kudirka Singers' Society v.dll present a flay, "The Tragedy 
of I.Iindaugis'* (Kindaugis was the first Lithuanian duke who united the 
various groups of Lithuanians into one strong Lithuanian nation. It was 
in the 13th century) # 

The play will be presented on February 26, 1S05, at Pulaski Hall, 800 
Ashland Avenue. After the performance t'nere vdll be a dance. 

The proceeds vri.ll be given to the Aurora Society's Students Fund. V/e 
invite all Lithuanians to cop.e. "The Tragedy of Mindaugis" is v/orth 

7/ho does not knov/ in Chicago the Doctor Kudirka Society's singers? Every- 
body loves to hear then. 

Admission 25 and 60 cents. 

Committee • 

II B 1 c (1) LITHUAIilAIT 


Lietuva , Vol. XI, No* 47, ::ov. 20, 1903. 


The St. Francisco Society vrill present a play, "The Bethlehem Fello77S," 
on Saturday, December 2S, 1903, at Pulaski Hall, 800 S. Ashland Avenue. 
The performance ^.vill start at 7:30 P. M» After the play there will be 
a banquet. 

Admission is 25, 35 and 50 cents. 

All Lithuanians are cordially invited to come and see this beautiful 
performance, and to liave a pleasant at the banquet. 


II B 1 c (1) 


Lietuva, Vol. XI, Uo. 46, Kov. 13, 1903* 


i^)r. ,!LL.}PRCi. 30273 

The King Da-vid Socieir^^ will present its first theatrical perforrtance, 
a comedy under the name, "The Russianized George," at the Freiheit 
Turner Hall, 3417 S« Halsted St, The performance ^.vill begin at 6 P. M* 

The spectacle is full of jokes* Therefore, vj-e are invit±n[!'^ all the 
Lithuanian societies and individuals, both men and v/omen, to come and 
see this laughable comedy* After the play there will be a banquet. 

Admission 25 and 35 cents. This will be the last banquet of this 
society this year. 


II B 1 c (1) • LITHITA:;IAN 


Lie-»-:uvr, Vol, 71, No. 45, V.ov. 6, 1903» . «. ■: - 

? - . . ,^ — t 


Last Sur^day, s.t the Turner Hall, trie Eudirka Theatrical Society pre- 
ccnted a comedy, "The Uncle Arrived •" 

iince the priest denounced frcn the pulpit this theatrical performance 
and told the people not to go to see it, not rn.any people v/ere present. 

It Icolrs as if the society cover its expenses, even though there 
v;ere not many people at the theater* 

II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 

II D 10 



Lietuva, Vol, II, l.o. 39, Sept. 25, 1903» 


On August 30 the Chicago Dr. V. Kudirka Theatrical Society held its 
monthly meeting, at which it was decided to present a play entitled, 
"The Uncle Arrived." Although the society* s membership is small, it 
accomplishes more than societies with larger memberships and larger 

This is the second society (the Young American Pleasure Club being 
first) that donates money for national affairs. At this meeting it was 
decided to donate $2 to the Martyrs' Fund; $2 to the Aurora Society* s 
Students* Fund; and $1 to the Writers* Fund (being collected for 
Vistalis, who is nov; sick in Brazil, South America). These are small 
donations, but as the society is not rich, it donates what it can. 

The purpose of the Kudirka Society is to present theatrical performances 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHUAi}:iAK 

III B 2 

II D 10 


Lietuva, Vol, II, No. 39, Sept. 25, 1903# 

■'^ V- *i : w 

and donate part of the profits to national institutions. Even though 
(I say it unwillingly) the number of Lithuanians in Chicago working 
for national welfare is very small, they have accomplished little 
outside of a few churches and palaces for the priests. We lack good 
workers. With some of the men it is possible to get somewhere, but 
women do not cooperate as it should be expected. Hardly can we find 
five Lithuanian women out of many thousands living in Chicago, ivho 
can understand anything about national matters. 

Dear women, it would be much better if you would' free yourselves from 
superstition and awkwardness. You should begin reading books and en- 
lightening your minds, and getting acquainted with the fact that you 
are human. It is desirable that young Lithuanian boys and girls with 
ability to play in theatrical roles, join the Kudirka Theatrical Society. 
Through an increased nemberrship we can accomplish more in the field of 

national affairs, and be able to present better plays, such as comedies 
and dramas never before presented in Chicago. 

Iiilrs. M. Lietuve» 



II E 1 c U_) LITKITA"IAl! 


Lietuva, Vol, XI, lio, 7, Feb. 13, 1903. 


On the first day uf February of this year the Dr. V« Eudirka Singers' 
Society presented the draina "The Master and tlie Feasants." 

The nemhers of t:ie cast vrero: 

Baltruviene ••••••••••••••• :.!. Lietuve 

Lindyte •••••••••••••• J, Pupkevicziute 

Ignacas ••••••••••••• ?• Bendorius 

Stcnis ••«.. J. Ilgandas 

I.agerskis J . Zukauskas 

Araburda • F. Eisrnontas 

Anyte •..•••.••• !:. Laukiene 

Klebonas ••••••••• J# Stirbis 

Dudulis •••.••••• ••.•• P. Gabrys 

Jonas •••••...••..••••••••# i^» Jusas 

Leizeris ••• •••••••#•# J. Szlikas 

Berelis ••. P. Zemaitis 

Tomlce , , , F , Bu jauskas 

tn. ? 

II B 1 c 


^ O ^ 


Lietuva, Vol, XI, iio, 7, Feb, 13, 1903t 

Even though the dialogues v/ere long and v/earisone, the actors perfomed 
their roles very v/ell. Five hundred people attendrd this play. The 
audience v;as well satisfied and they often applauded lon^: and heartily, 

I believe that the Dr# Kudirka Theatrical Society -iTill not sleep in the 
future. I have heard that the society, after Easter, vdll present the 
as yet unknovm comedy in Chicago, "The Devil in the Trap," I understand 
that the presentation of theatrical plays not only gives pleasure to 
the spectators, but f^^nishes education also. 

Therefore, it i^- essential that thea^:rical presentations of more im- 
portance ought to be part of the life of the people, and such plays 
and spectacles should be given more often. 

,'0 ' o> 

l!rs, I'-. Lietuve. 


1 c 


ju 1 C 'J. V <JL J 


:, '.-c, C, Jr-.n, ol, 1902 




The Theatrical Doctor "/• ^jaairl'a Society, lar:t Su'id://, in Prciheit Turner 
Hall, presented t-.c the'\tricr.l coi.iedy, ^^cierica in bhe iJath -louse." The 
actors v:erc a. Sziliu^is, as re!:aLipis; Mrs, >.. Lauhieve, ac "elcanpine 
(v.dfc of Lekejiipis ) ; ..'rs. Clszev'skine, as A: ota; ?• Uisriontas, as Vincas 
ohe tailor; A, Iiutkauskas, a3 Antanas; A. ';enaitis, as Faibczikas the 
Jot:; ...• J« Doui jonaits , as Pirszlys, the narria<^^c broker; P. Bujauskas, 
rs Piencnuk'as t:ie shepherd; A. ..erriaitis, as the Z^yj salconlceeper. 

After tlie first act .Msg Jadv7,^'a -^anapeckaite and A.iss Aarijona Pateck- 
ciite san^ a son-;:, "Vilya*' va river's na:::e), and af':;er the second act 
Aiss Jadv/'a lianaToeckai be saae a sonr. "haip Aut vandens." 'A:.s on the 
vrater), I'he theater and the son s vrere x^ery successful • The hall -.;as 
filled v:ith people. 

II B 1 c (1) LITHUAr.LhIi 


Lietuva ^ Vol^ IX, lie. 12, Ivi^.rch 22, ISOl. 


Chicaro. The newly organized theatrical society of the Grand Duke KeiS' 
tutis^of Lithuania v/ill present its first theatrical performance, "The 
Destruction of the Kaunas Castle in 1362." (Translator's note: This 
Kaunas Castle v/as destroyed by the Crusaders. At that time the Lithu- 
anians were not Christians). 

The perfonnance v:ill be on Sunday, April 14, 1901, at Vorv/aerts Turner 
Hall, near 12th and Halsted Streets.^ It will start at 7:3C P. M. Ad- 
inission 25, 55 and 50 cents. Children, 15 cents. After the theater 
there v/ill be a banquet. All the profits will ^,o for the benefit of 
the Providence of God Parish. .7e are cordially inviting all the 
Lithuanians to cone. 


II B 1 c (1) LITjIUA]:- lAU 

Lietuva, Volt VIII, Ho. 7, Feb. 16, 1900. '^^'^ v^-'^-/ mvj. o^^jj^ 


Mt. Carmel, Pa*, Sunday, Feb. 25, 1900, in the parish hall, the Lithu- 
anian Theatrical Group will present in five acts the drama of "Keistutis." 
Between the acts there will be funny stories and songs. Tickets 25 cents, 
^le are cordially inviting all the local and neighborhood Lithuanians. 

The Lithuanian Theatrical Group • 



Katallkas . Vol. II, Jan. 25, 1900. 


The theatrical society of St. Martin's is preparing to present the play ^'Krazie- 
czei". The play xvill be performed in Freiheit Turner Hall, 3417 South Helsted 
Street, on February 25, 1900. After the performance there will be a dance, for 
which a first-class orchestra will furnish music. 

•♦Krazieczei," in four acts, was written by Akraeninis and has a historical back' 
ground . 

In 1893, at Krazin in Raseinn County of the Province of Kanno, there was a 
bloody massacre at a Catholic monastery, perpetrated by the Russian Czar's 
Cossacks of Lithuania, v/ho were defending their monastery. That massacre of 
Lithuanians by Cossacks will never be forgotten. 


Lithuanians, men and women! Don't forget the date I Doors will be open at 

4:30 P. i:.; performance will begin at 6:30. Admission 25 cents and 35 cents. ^ 



^^ ^ ^ Lietuva ^ Vol. VII^ No. 39, Sept. 29, 1899. 


The society of the Grcmd Duke Vytantas of Lithuania will present a play, 
"The Coronation of Vytantas,*^ November 19, at Freigheit Turner Hall, 3417 
S# Existed St. The play will start at 3:30 F. M. Admission 25 cents. All 
Lithuanisuis are cordially invited. 

The Society of the Grand Duke Vytantas of Lithuania. 

II B 1 e (1) 


Lietuva . Vol. VII, No. 13, March 31, 1899. 

T r- 

1 '*--'/ f ALj. 


The new Lithuanian Theatrical Society of Saint Martint in Chicago, has 
been organized and Incorporated. 

The incorporators are Janus zonis, KadziauskaSt and Nawieda# 

11 B 1 c (1 ) LITHUANIAN 

Lletuva, Vol> VII, No* 5, Feb. 3, 1899. ^^r. ;{...., rriw^J^: 


The speotaole, "The Life of St# George during the Rei^n of Caesar Dio- 
cletian, " will be presented by St. Mathews' Societyt Sunday, February 
12, 1899, at St. George's church hall, 33rd and Auburn Avenue. 

The play will start at 6:30 P. M. After the performance there will be a 
ball and dances. 'Ve cordially invite all the Lithuanians to attend. 

St. Mathews Society. 


II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 
II D 1 


Uetttva^ Vol# Tt Hb# I4t April 3t 1897 


The sooiety of the Gremd Duke Gedemlnas is presenting its first play 
in COxioagOf Saturdayt April 249 1897t at the Czech ^Eillt 32-34 Enoa St«. 
The beginning at 8 ?• U« The admission is 25 cents 9 while the first raw 
of seats are 35 cents# After the theatre there will be a deuice« 

All the Lithuanians are cordieilly invited* 



II B 1 d 

Uetuva ^ Vol* V, No. 6t Feb. 6, 1897 ^PA (ILL) Pi^^^4^-^^ 


• » 

This will be the third play given by the Simoxxas Daukantas sooiety on 
Suniayt February 14, 1897« This play is very interesting; it will be shown 
how a stingy mem wanted to beoome rioh by oheating his friend* That he had 
nothing on his mind but money and money* How he tried various sohemes of 
oheating to make money, but -vriien he failed, he then beoame desperate* 

This play will be performed at the ohuroh hall at 33rd and Auburn 
avenue* It will steurt at 6 P* M* Admission 25/^ 

After the perrormanoe of the play, will be danoes* All Lithuanians 
are invited to oome* 





II B 1 » (1) LITHOANIAN (1) 

Uotwrg . Vol. IV, No. 44, Oot. 31, 1896 »'^'^-5 (111,, Pnuj. 30^/3 


lAst Sunday the Lithuanian sooiety of King David presented a playt 
"The selling of Joseph to the merohants of Egypt •* 

There trere many Llthueuiians to see this performanoe* The play was per* 
formed very well* The society made a profit of f70#00 



LletttVft . Vol. Ill, No. 38, Sept. 88, 1895 ^ 


On September the 15th the speotaole of the Eraziai massacre was per* 
foraed* The hall was orowded to oapaoity* There were Polish people too* but 
not many.Ihe spectators saw with their own ^es how the massacre in Krasial 
was eonmitted; they saw the wounded people t the struggle in defending their 
church; they heard the cries and moans of the wounded«This was a great 
spectacle 9 there were no dxy eyes in the hall# 

The performance with a few exceptions* was very good* The people were 
satisfied and were glad that th^ came to see it* 

It was a financial success too* The profit for the society was $170* 

Now the Simonas Daukantas society wipints to present another play; all 
ycui^ Lithuanieuis please go and register with the society* and let Dr* Stup« 
nickis decide what part in the play you can take* 

The Simonas Daukantas Society* 

II B 1 c (1 ) LITMAHIAH i 

II B 2 a 

Lletinra ^ Vol# Hit Jlo. 34, Aug* 24, l89S 


The Slmonas Daukantas Society irlll present a spectaole, 'The Erazial 
liBi88aore»* on Septeaber 15, Pulaski Hall, 800v S* Ashland avenue* 

This performance is very important* It will n e sw how the Russians in the 
tower of Krasiaif Lithuania, coomitted the horrible massacre in the Lithuaoiian 
Catholic church* 

The hall will be arranged like a churcht the altar, etc*; the priest* the 
people and the sisters will pray before the altar, then you will see how the 
Cossacks broke into the church, how the Cossacks shot and slaughtered with their 
swords the praying people* You will see the governor and officers giving orders 
to kill the people without mercy* 

Do not fail to see this most horrible, historical Eraziai massacre com- 
mitted in 1893 by the order of the Russian Czar* 

The Simonas Daukantas Society# 


II B 1 (1) 

II D 10 


..IV Lletuva, Vol. II, Ifo. 17, April 28, 1894 


<"" ■ - - 


Last Sunday, April 22, the Lithuanieoi Theatrical Group presented *ie v/^ll- 
known and famous play "Genevieve*" 

The sponsors of this play kne\7 that the Lithuanians do not care muoh to 
go to see such a play, because they do not knov/ the value of such a spectacle* 
The spbnsoirs of this play asked the Reverend Krauozunas to announce in the 
church about this performance* Reverend Krauczunas very gladly announced it 
and urged the people to come and see this ivonderful spectacle* 

The actors did their parts v/onderfully* The people sav/ one of the greatest 
religious plays, and the devotion of a wife to her husband* There v/as not one 
drjr eye amorig the spectators* 

The play \w.s a great success not only spiritually but financially as v/ell* 
The profit v/as donated to the people of Kraziai, Lithuania, v/here the terrible 
massacre of Lithuanians v/as committed by the Russian Cossacks under the order 
of the Russian ^^vernment* 
' . Lithuanians mil remember thl:. spectacle for a long time* 


LietuvQ,Vol* II, No. 1, Jan* 7, 1893 '^PA (Hi ^ pp.;, 


The The^^trioel Society will hold its meeting on the 7th of Janu^iry, Satur- 
day evening at 8 P# M« at the Lietuva editor's office, 567 V/. I8th St. 

All friends ore cordially invited to come on this meeting as .ve have mnny 
important matters to decide • 


I ; 

1 t 

II B 1 c (1) 


Record Book of Lithuanian Drama Lovers* Circle (Extracts from 

its By-Law s t in possession of the Secretary, Lithuanian Drama(i'^A (r;y ,) PP;jj ;,^^ 

Lovers' Circle, Chicago, 111* 

The most important and definite purpose of the Lithuanian Drama Lovers* Circle is to 
promote the theatrical art among Lithuanians and to provide an opportunity for the 
circle members to study the dramatic art« 

In order to achieve its purpose the Lithuanian Drama Lovers* Circle will: 

(A) Stage plays for its own benefit. 

(B) Stage plays for other societies, if invited to do so* 

(C) Stage plays for an important occasion for the public in general, if the meoibers of 
Circle so decide* 

(D) Hold speeches and give lectures about the theatrical art* 

(E) Establish courses in art* 

(F) Join or help in the establishment of a school of dramatic art* 

(G) In order to increase dramatic productions* 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

Record Book- of Lithuanian Drama Lovers' Circle 

Remark: The Lithuanian Drama Lovers' Circle will not participate either in political, 
religious or party disputes • Neither will it discriminate between societies when 
arranging theatrical performances • 

(1) It is the duty of every member of the Circle to participate in the Circle's 
activity f to learn dramatic art, to be at the performance and to take part in 
the play. 

(2) No one member can refuse, had designated role in the performance of any play, if 
there is no important reason why he cannot take the role* 

(3) When a member is appointed to play a role, he must learn it, always be present on 
time at the rehearsal and listen carefully to the stage manager's instructions* 

(4) If the member or members refuse to take part in a play when they were appointed 
to take a certain role, such members must take some other part connected with the 
same play. 

(5) Every member who does not fulfill, or does nor perform as is necessary, the 
appointed role, or does not attend the rehearsals will be punished according to 

the decision of the meeting. 

- 3 - 

n B 1 c (1) 


Record 3ook of Lithuanian Drama Lovers' Circle ^p 

(6) A member, ?dio accepts a role in a play and then, without any serious reason, 

refuses just a few days before the performance to play his role, injures thereby 
the performance • Therefore he will be punished by the Lithuanian Drama Lovers' 

The Duties of the Stage lianager: 

(a) The stage manager selects the plays which are to be staged and submits his choice 

to the approval of the meetings 
(B) Assigns the roles to the members and instructs them in the performance of the play. 

Remark: The stage manager can be fired, even though he is now a member of the 
Lithuanian Drama Lovers' Circle. 

General Remarks: 

(1) The Lithuanian Drama Lovers' Circle, ccm^^^** with other societies ^en they see the 

II B 1 c (1) - 4 - LITHUANIAN 

Record Bookf of Lithuanian Drama Lovers* Circle^^PA (!!!) F^OJ 302/5 

necessity for common activity, also it cein invite others to take part in the play, 
even though they are not members of the circle* 

(2) The decisions of one meeting can be revoked at the next meeting by a two thirds 

(3) In case of liquidation of the Lithuanian Drama Lovers* Circle all the assets must 
be delivered to the Lithuanian Drama Societies* Association (if su6h association 

is in existence at that time) or to the Lithuanian Art Society* The scenery, the 
library and other material ought to be delivered to some local theatrical society, 
or to whomever the members at the liquidation meeting shall decide* 



■ - '■ ■ : 



II B 1 c (1 ) 
II D 10 

II ii a & 

III c 


I E 

Inf onTiat icn taken from the Minutes of the Society by Alex Ambrose. 

^■■■^MBVi^^-^* ^^MM^NM^VH^ii^^ -w^MHa^^^VMH^ m^t^mmmmm^tm^tm^^m^^^mm 



4 • 

The first meeting of this or;2*anization was held on i\lovenber 14, 
1911, at the Stancik Hall, 205 £• 115th St. 

Llr. Z« Jucaitis called the meeting to order, explained the purpose 
of this meeting and ur£*ed the people to spread the dramatic art 
among the Lithuanians of Roseland by organizing a Drama Circle. 
After discussing broadly such necessity, the Lithuanian Drama 
Lovers* Circle of Roseland was organized. It ivas decided tliat the 
Lithuanian Scenic Art Circle must be impartial; it must deal only 
with the propagation of the dramatic art among Lithuanians. Also, 
at this meeting it was decided that the initiation fee should be 
one dollar for men, while the women should be admitted free, and 
that they should pay no other dues. 

- 2 - 


The Lithuanian Drama 

The first members to join this Draiaa Circle and pay their dues v^ere 
Z. Jusaitis, B. Ludkevicia and ?• Skrebutenas* The first adiainis- 
tration v/as: President, L. Jusaitis; Secretary, B« Ludkevicia; Treasurer, 
Miss 0. Klimaviciute. 

At this meetin.^ it was decided to present the first performance, "?.lr» 
Felix's Visitation," on December 25, 1911, at the Stancik Kail* In 
presenting this play the follovdng persons will take part: A« Narbutas, 
Miss J, Aleksandraviciute, B« Ludkevicius, Z» V-tis, and D-ne« 

The second meeting was held on November 21, 1911 • At this meeting 
the follovdng members joined: P» Ambroziunas, A« Narbutas, ^» 
Pivorunas, P# Daugela, P. Jagminas and Juskevicia, At this meeting 
v/as read a letter of invitation from the Gedeminas Society, to play 
the comedy, "I^Vhen gray hair is on the head, the devil is on the tail^ 
(This is hard to express in English, as this is a Lithuanian simile. 
Translator's note.) on new year's eve. 


- 3 - 


The Lithuanian Drama ••••••••• 

For the performance of this play a payment of |20 was received. 

On January 7, 1912, another meeting v/as held. It was announced that 
the first performance brought in ^14 deficit. The Circle's adminis- 
tration announced that they received invitation from the Young 
Lithuanian Club to present the play, "iiade an Error." The Circle 
agreed to present the play for $27.00 

On December 25, 1912 there was performed a five-act drama, "Of 
Love," which brought in a profit of ^ZS. 

On February 1, 1913, there was perforiAod the play, "She is a Devil, 
not a Woman." The profit ivas $15. 

On March 16, 1913, the play "Llary Magdelete," ^;vas performed. The 
profit was $11.73. 

4 - lithuai:l\n 

The Lithuanian Drajna 

On October 12, 1913, there was perforn-d for the V/oiaen' s Society En- 
lightenment the play, "The Maid of Orleans." Received v40. 

October 12, 1913, In the evening there was performed the play, *The 
Living Dead Ones," for the St. Vincent A. Paulo Society. Received 

On October 18, 1913. Performed "The Dream of Gedeminas," for the 
society of the Grand Duke Gedeminas, in Kensington. Received |35. 

October 26,. 1913. Performed "The Deaf Son-in-law," for the Violet 
Pleasure Club. Received 520, 

November 15, 1913. Perfomed "The Thieves," for the Lithuanian 
Political Benevolent C^ub. Received $30. 

December 13, 1913. Performed "The Llaid of Orleans," for the Women's 



The Lithuanian Drama 

Enlishtenment Society. Received ^15 and expenses. 

December 25, 1913. Perfonaed "The Unexpected Return." The profit ivas 

December 28, 1915. Ferformed "The Manslau£ht:er." The profit was §2*30 

January 6, 1914. It v/as decided that v/iien the play is performed the 
profit should be divided into three parts: (1) One part of the profit 
to the stage manager, LIrs. LI. Dunduliene; (2) The second part to the 
Circle; (3)' The third part to the players of the performance. (Pre- 
viously the stage manager, LIrs. U. Dunduliene, was paid ^10 for 
every performance). 

January 11, 1914. Performed the play, "Revenge," for the society of 
St. Michael Archangel. Received !^30 


The Lithuanian Drama ••••••• 

February 1, 1911« Perfornied "The Servant has made Entanglements, "for 
the benefit of the Aurora library. 

February 21, 1914« Performed "Kastute," (this is a proper Lithuaiiian 
feminine name) for the St. Vincent A. Paulo Society, Received ^lo. 

Febraiiry 22, 1914. Presented "The Heart of John." The profit v;as 

April 7, 1914. Presented "Cominit an Error," for the Enlightenment 
Society of Burnside. Received %^. 

May 14, 1914, the Drama Circle's pins v/ere distributed to all the 
members of the circle v/ho had vz-orked for its benefit. Members "who 
did not anything good for the circle, if they v/ant to v^ear the 
Drama Circle's pin, must pay .^2 for it* 

- 7 - 


The Lithuanian Drama 

May 21, 1914« The following members, for their good work, received 
the pins: B« Ludkevicius, P. Ambrozunas, Miss J, Zilevicaite, Miss 
Sm Kacinskaite, Miss F« fruskaite, Mrs. S» Ludkeviciene, S« T« 
Vitkus, Miss J, Mingelaite, J. Simkus, ^^. Pocius, F» L/Iaculskis, 
T» Balsis, $• Ludke^n. 3ius,Jr«, and several others. 

June 13, 1914* Arranged musical performance. The losses were fdl.50. 

August 4, 1914. Decided to invite I.Ir. Varg:>as to take the position 
of stage manager for the performance of the play, "Of the Love," 
which was presented on October 25, 1914. The profit was $8,55 

December 25, 1914. Performed the play, "On the Bottomless Edge." 
The profit was .t'20 

February 7, 1915. Performed the play, "The Living Dead Ones." The 
deficit was t^l6.90. 


The Lithuanian Drama •• •••• 

December 26, 1915« Perfonned Ivlr. B« Vargsas' play, "The V/ounds of 
the Age." The entire profit "vvas given to the author of the r^lay, 
Vir. E, V-rgsas, who was sick at that tiir.e» The profit v;as C43. 

September 4, 1913 • Decided to donate $10 to the Lithuanians who have 
suffered in v/ar in Lithuania* The money was sent to the Relief Fund 
of Lithuania. Several members agreed to ta!<e part in tlie collection 
of funds in the Lithuanian Day* 

Perforraed the play, "Snores on Order," for the St. Michael Archangel 
Society. Received .§10« 

For the Club v/as performed the play, "The Dream of Solomon." Received 

\t<r '■■' 

October 15, 1916. Performed the play, "The Manslaughters." The profit 
v/as §37. 80. 



The Lithuanian Drama 

February, '1917. Performed for the second time the play, "The V/ounds 
of the Age«" The profit v/as given for the erection of a irionument to 
the deceased playwright, llr. B. Vargsas. The profit vras 06*45 

January 12, 1918. Perfonried the play, "Konsyl-jm Falcultatus," for 
the Political Benevoleat Club, The profit was 025 • 

January 13, 1918» .Performed the play, "The Liost Ri^ht Reverend 
Gramulas' Office," for Branch 137 of the Lithuanian Socialist Alliance 
of America • 

February 18, 1918. It v«ras decided that the Circle should join in com- 
mon to support the .^.urora library in Ros eland. 

April 14, 1913. Perforiiied the play, "The Coe.t and the Overcoat." The 
entire profit (over $100) was contributed to the support of the Aurora 
library in Ros eland. 

- 10 - 

LITiiUAIJL'ill ,.^ 

The Lithuanian Drama 

May 12, 1918^ Performed the play, "The IVo Roads." 

January 5, 1919* Performed the pl^y* "The Revenue." The profit was 

February IG, 1919* Performed the play, "The Jew in the Barrel," for 
the Brothers and Sisters Society. Received v20« 

h.pril, 1919. Performed the play, "From "^Tiiskey," Tor the Vytautas 
Society. Received C^IS. 

April 27, 1919 o Performed the play, "The Orphans." The profit was 

March, 1919, Performed the play, "The Hungry People," for trie branch 
137 of the Lithuanian Socialist Alliance of America, Received $30« 

- 11 - 


The Lithuanian Drama 

September 2, 1919. Brought five shares at 10 dollars each, paid 
$50 from the societies alliance under the name, the Roseland 
Lithuanian '.Vorkers' Building Association. 

October 19, 1919. Performed the play; ''The Blacksmith's Daughter/' . 
The profit was $94. 

January 4, 1920. Performed the play, "0. S. S. or the Nuptial 
Festival," for the 139th branch of the Lithuanian Alliance of America. 
Received ^^^20. 

February 1, 1920. Performed the play, "Our Good One," for the Vytautas 
Society. Received 'I525. 

February 15, 1920. Performed the play, "The Llans laughters" for the 
Gedeninas Society. Received 545 • 


The Lithuanian Drar.a 

January 5, 1920. The Circle bou^;ht a jresent for the sta^e manager, 
Llrs. LI, Dunduliene. 

April 17, 1920. I-erforTiied the play, "The First Steps." Losses ;!;;28* 

March 28, 1920. Performed the play, "The Wounds of the i"^.ge," for 
the brothers and Sisters Society. Received i'^O* 

Llarch 20, 1920. Decided that together v/ith the dramatic circle they 
should erect a monument to the playz/right B. Y rgsas. The circle 
elected its committee, composed of the follov»rir](^ members; J. Simkus 
and S. Telksnis. 

May 4, 1920. Donated :^10 for the erection of a monument to B. Varg- 


- 13 - 


The Lithuanian Drana 

October 10, 1920* Pcrfonaed the play, "The People," for the Vytautas 
Society, Received \i.40« 

October 24, 1920* Perromed the play, "The Vagrant." The profit was 

January lu, 1921. Perforaed the play, "One of Us Must Llarry," for the 
Brothers ard Sisters Society. Received ;^30. 

January lo, 1921. Performed the play, "The Servant has Made Entangle- 
ments," " for the 55th branch of the Lithuanian Alliance of ilmerica. 

January 21, 1921. Performed the play, "Our Good one," for the Cooperative 
Food Market Association. Received :!-20. 

April 10, 1921. Performed the play, "In the Life of the Y'/hirlpool." 
Losses '^Z^.M^ 

- 14 - 


The Lithuanian Drama 

April 24, 1921. Performed the play, "The Orphans/' for the Benefit and 
Political Club. Received ;-60 

April 5, 1921. Contributed to the V/orkers' Protective Fund $10 and 
$10 for "'.vriter Sernas; also the members at the meeting contributed 
t5; total :$15 for Sernas. 

August 16, 1921. Decided to establish school to teach ther.trical plays. 
Mrs. M. Dunduliene yre.s appointed tecicher. As a payment for her teach- 
ing, it vms decided to perform one play during the year, and all of 
the profits should be given to her. 

November 1, 1921. Donated $25 to the starving people of Russia. 

December 31, 1921. Held a feunily banquet. The losses were $36. 

January 15, 1922. Performed the play, "The Poor Fellov/ Teddy," for 

- 15 - 


The Lithuanian Drama ••••••# 

the Brothers and Sisters Society, Received ^^25# 

February 7, 1922. Donated -^.lO for the monunent to the rn:-iter Scrnas 

Mc.rch 7, 1922, For the dead member, D. Satkus, was bought a wreath 
for gl5. 

March 26, 1922, Performed the play, "The Most Innocent Lamb. The 
profit W8.S ;^30. 

July 19, 1922* Decided to invite the Draraa Circle players and with 
combined forces to perform a good spectacle in a good theatre, 

January 7, 1923. Performed the play, "The Intelligent and the Chosen 

To the Circle member who vms going to Lithuania, the Scene Lovers 

- 16 - 


LITHUArllAiT /:.;\„, o^ 

The Lithuanian Drama 

Circle and the 137th branch of the Lithuanian Socialist Alliance of 
America have arranged a farewell banquet. 

March 16, 1923. The Circle had an evening party v/ith music and other 
ent e rt ai nruent • 

April 23, 1923. Bought shares for ^50 from the Lithuanian Workers 
Building Association. 

May 19, 1923. Had a friendly evening party. The profit vras :il4t36 

l\"ovember 18, 1923. Performed the play, "The Duping House and the 
Bluffers," for the society of the Grand Duke Gedeminas of Lithuania. 
Received $20. 

February 18, 1924. Perfomed the play, "The Poor Fellow Teddy," for 

. 17 - LITIIIJAI^flAN 

The Lithuanian Drama • 

the 55th branch of the Lithuanian Alliance of America. Received $15. 

June 3, 1924e The Circle bought for U^ a wedding present for I/dss 
Mengelaite, for her activities in behalf of the circle. 

January 1, 1S::5. Performed the i^lay, "C . S. S. or the Nuptial Festival," 
for the St. Fetronele Society. 

January 11,1925. Performed the play, "The Poor Fellow Teddy," for the 
Political and the Benefit Club of Kensington. 

January 18, 1925. Performed the play, "Concilus Facultatus ," for the 
Grand Duke Gedeminas of Lithuania Society. 

February 14, 1925. Had a friendly evening banquet with music and 
other performances. 


- 18 - 

LITHUANIAN f^' ^^\ ^ 

The Lithuanian Drama 


March 29, 1925* Ferformed the play, "Two Sisters." The losses v/ere 
4' 60. 

November 22, 1925. Ferformed the play, ''Tc.^ First Steps*" 

November 27, 1926* Ferformed the play, "The Living Death Ones" (sic)* 

December 25, 1926. Ferformed the play, "The First Steps," for the 
society of Gedemirjis and the Political Club.- Received ;. 40. 

December 31, 1926. Had a Nev/ Year's eve party. The profit was $18t 

February 6, 1927. Performed the play, "The ^Younds of the Age," for 
the benefit of the Aurora Society's librarj^ The circle gave this 
perfoirmance free (of charge). 

May 8, 1927. Performed the play, "Snore to Order," for the St. Anna 





- 19 - LmUAKIAN A?^p;j^ 3 

The Lithuanian Drana 

society. Received 415 • 

October 23, 1927. Perfcmed the play, "Two r.rothers." The profit vres 

December 11, 1927. Perfonried the play, "The Jew in the Barrel," for 
the benefit of the Aurora Library. The profit wxs J80, It was turned 
over to the Aurora Library. 

January 22, 1928. Peri/omed the play, "The Expropriator," for the 
St. Peter and Paul Society. The profit for that society was $30. 

February 5, 1S28. Performed the play, "The Blacksmith's Daughter." 
The profit was |74.52 

March 25, 1926. I erf ormed the play, "The Poor ?ellow Teddy." 



: - f.n. ;^ 

The Lithuanian Drama 

» » 

May 12, IQSS* Had a friendly banquet. The expenses were covered by 
the circle. 

liovenber 11, 1926 • Ferfonaed ths play, "The Trial for the Flax 
Market." Losses ^Z2m7b 

January 20, 1929. Performed the play, "The Doubtful Person," for the 
St. Joseph Society. Received $25. 

April 2, 1929. Donated ^2E> fcr tVie erection of a monunent to the 
writer Sernas, Also dorjited $'10 for the erection of a ncnunent to 
John Sankunas. 

riovember 20, 1932. Performed the play, "The Uncle Arrived." The 
losses were |20. 

- 21 - 


The Lithuanian Drana 

Short Sketch ^ 

The Lithuanian Drama Lovers Circle was organized in the year of 1911 
During: the last 26 years it has been workinr in the theatrical field 
For a long tiine the Circle was the greatest drama power in Roseland, 
and this cultural v/ork was done v/ith great devotion* 

r f 

Only in recent years, v.rhen the depression carae, has the Circle suffered 
and its activities stopped. The members of the Circle have ivorked in 
other societies, even though the circuiru: tances v;ere unfavorable. 

During its existence, the Scene Circle (sic) performed sixty-nine 
plays. For vuriouc societies it performed thirty-seven plays, for 
which it received about $1,000, For the Circle itself there were 
performed twenty-eight plays; seventeen of the performances gave 
a profit of J800, while seven performances gave a deficit of i^200m 

From all the Circle's performances the profit v/as |600, Several 

The Lithuanian DrGir^a ••••••• 


plays v;ere performed free (of charge) for the benefit of the Aurora 
Library • 

» ' 

Thi3 year the idea was brought forth of ' liquidating the Drama Lovers 
Circle, but after discussion it -was decided to leave it as it is and 
try to renev/ its activities. 

Many of the orgejiizers still are active in the Circle. If any of them 
quit the Gcene Lovers Circle (sic), they ;7ero forced to do so by the 
living conditions. The old members that still belong to the Circle 
are B. Liudkevicius, A. riarbutas, A. Jociur;, J. Grybas, Yj:. and Llrs. 
Dambrauskas, the singer ^^ivz. Pazarskiene, Griskenas, ^. Baronas, 
Vitkus, Andrijauskas, S. Diluis, and others. 

Assets: Cash on hand, vlo7; frozen in the bank, ^112.^^0; scenario 
equipment, ifSOO; costumes, ^170; shares from the Lithuanian lYorkers 

- 23 


The Lithuanian Droina 

Building Assoor.bion, ^00. 


President, J, Puckorius, 10049 Perry Avenue 

Secretary, k. Jocius 

Treasurer, B« Ludkevicius, 134 E. 110th St. 

■ ^- ' ^ 

; . 

7 ."^^ 

■ *.. 

,* ' ' ■• 

■ ■■ y ' 

'. :.:'<^'- 

B# Avocational and Intellectual 

1. Aesthetic 
c. Theatrical 

(2) Dancing 


II B 1 c (2) UTHPrAHIJiN 

Jamilmas, Nov. 25, 1936. 


p«3«««The Lithuanians are an ancient people whose language Is related to 
the Sanscrit* Llthuemla Is a land that has given Poland good rulers, 
heroes, and men of letters, for It was during the reign of the Lithuanian 
royal house of Jogello that Poland enjoyed her Golden age, and such men as 
Kosciusko and Mlchiewicz-Mlckus brought renown to Poland *s name. But we 
shall not devote our time to Lithuanians history, rather to her folk dance 
and song* 

The Lithuanians are a singing people, with a treasure of folk lore and song 
that is distinct, rich cmd colorful* The ploughman sings of his plough and 
ryB fields, the shepherd of his sheep and verdant pasture lands, the maiden 
of her lover, her flower garden and rue wreath, the swain, of his maiden and 
fast steed, the mother of her children, of the daughter idio is to be married, 
or bemoaning the son, who leaves for war. Even with tears in his eyes, the 
Lithuanian sings. In his saddest moment he will sing^ He has songs to fit 
his moods and whims, expressed by the rich store of Lithuanian folk songs. 

- 2 - LITHll'lNIAN 

II B 1 c(2 ) 

Jauninus > Nov. '?5,1936. 

The Russian tzars persecuted the Lithuanian inhumanly. So not always the 
Lithuanian laugh; of:.en in his song he cried, £.nd only the goddess of song 
and the speckled cuckoc, the bird of omen and sorrow in Lithuanian love, could 
feel with him. At night, when free of the I'an's (rich land ov/ners) whip, the 
youths went to the forests, lit bonfires and there with only zhe verdant grass, 
the slender firs and the smiling moon to see- did t;iey reveal their true selves. 
It was during these Geguzines (fey ti:;e) that the spirit of song and dance 
reigned supreme. 

In olden days there were many joyful song? and game dances and combinations of 
both ritualistic, and festive in character, dances with candles in the nands, and 
dances >o which "Laumes" (fairies) were invited. Today circle song and game 
dances still exist, one known as "Agoneli"(The Little Poppy), particularly dainty 
and charming. The d^^ncers inquire of the dove if she knows how the poppy grows. 
Naturally she knows , and tells them how. 

The whole process, from the time it was planted until the moment it is eaten, 
is tol . and acted out in dance and song foriu. 

- 3 - 
II B 1 c ( 2) LlrHUANlAK 

JauniiDp,S t Nov, 25,1936. 

Another often seen in Lithuanian corarnuni"cies is a song and dance called 
"Norin Miega" (I wish to sleep), but how can a young man sleep, when he 
kncws that in the flower garden there is a beautiful maiden braiding a 
rue wreath with a ?ong on her lips. 

hat could her song be? ^e goes to the garden and what he hears will serve 
him as a lesson if he wants her for a spouee. 

The Polka occupies a very important place in the Lithuanian life as 
represented by the folk dance. It has become as national dance in Lithuania 
as in many other European nations. I^likas Petrausk-s, composer and singer 
has introduced many folk dances borrowed from other nations - the tempo of 
which is similar to that of the Lithuanian dances "The Klumpakojis" (\70oden 
shoe) dance, taken from the Bohemian national dance tae "x-esepa", is the most 
popular of these. It resemoles tne Scandinavian and other leutanic "clap 
dances." There are many adaptations, with or without Lit luanian coloring, 
of tae dances of foreign countries which are very popular in Lithuania, 


Jaurmnas, Nqv. 25,1936. 

such a "Vengierka Kokiekta" (Gerrran-Kreuz Polka) and nany other dances 
danced at any Litnuanian entertainment. 

A great many Lithuanians are still dancing %eir native dances in Chicago 
and in many other Lithuanian communities in zhe United states. 

II B 1 C 
II A 3 d 
II B 1 c 
II B 1 a 




Lletuva, Sept. 3, 1909. 



Composer Mikas Petrauskas has published a mimeographed pamphlet on Lith- 
uanian national dances. 11^ describes the following dances, with explana- 
tions of how they should be danced: ''Suktinis" (a twirling dance), for 
piano or choral group; 'TCLumpakojis" (7/ooden Shoe Dance), for piano only; 
*TTaslys" (The ?/i dower ) , for piano or choral group; and the "Aguonele** 
(Poppy Dance). The pamphlet also contains the duet of '*Pranas" and "Teklyte** 
from the operetta "Karainakretis ir Malunininkas** (The Chimney-Sweep and the 
Winamill Keeper). 

Everything is neatly arranged in one pamphlet, which sells for one dollar. 
Musical and dramatic societies, that order in lots, will receive a discount. 

The pamphlet can be obtained from composer U. Petrauskas, at 3327 So. Lowe 
Ave., Chicago, 111. 




B. Avocational and Intellectual 
1. Aesthetic 

c. Theatrical 

(3) Festivals, Pageants, 

Fairs and Expositions 


'"•■if ' 


II B 1 c (3) 

III B 2 

Jaunimas, /eb,3,1938. 


p. 1. . .Scoffing at "thirteens" and all other superstitions, the young Lithuanians 
of Chicago and vicinity are preparing oo bring their lovely ladies to the 
Lithuanian 13t.h at the Southtov/n Ballroom, 6319 So.^shland Ave. lyiany of them 
will be there just, to hear our foremost Lithuanian dance band, i^dward Whitney 
Taruiiis' Broadway fclouians, ±he musical organization is**fresh"from 
a successful engagement at the Jrake, aYid is about to fulfil j. an important 
Cleveland engagement. The boys swing a '*swingier" tune than you have heard 
in many months. */hat is more interesting, his unusal ban^^ >)0;iBts r vers-^^ile 
group of comeaians; Lhey have one of the most complete repertoires in the land. 

The Lithuanian Youth Organizaoion is a youth organization sponsored by 
Jaunimas, It includes the Riding Club, Feminine Fances Club, Camera Club, 
Literary Guild, Dramatic League and Art Society. 

Tickets are on sxle at the Jaunimas office and are being circulated by the 
various club members. A whole evening of fun is yours f'^r forty cents. 
-Jjajintmasl friends have an all important date for Feb. 13"^ i. 

II B 1 c (5) 

III B 2 



Sandara . Oct. 17, 1930. A i'% 

Ai: AFFAIR "D3 Liro:" \% V 

An affair ''De Luxe/' nusic superb a fascinatinc assembly of dancers 
and entertainnent that will please all except those who fail to attend 
the annual dance of the year, will be sponsored by the v/ell-knovm 
Knights of Lithuania, Council Four, on Saturday evening Oct. 18, 1930, 
at the Parish Auditorium, 18th Street and Union Avenue. 

Again, v;e mention music. This time to inform you that, ^'Frank's 
Original Collegiate Ilite O^vls'* and their entertainers are sure to 
please all. The above is only one of many events of the ensuing 
year which you will hear of, in fact, you v/ill v/ant to hear about 
them after you have attended ^The Annual Dance.** 

II B 1 c (5) 


Sandara, l.!arch 14, 1930# 



p. 3 Lithuanians of Chicago and in all of America as v/ell as in Lithuania 

are planning big celebrations for this summer in honor of the greatest Lithuanian 
hero, the Grand Duke Vytaytas. 

Various organizations in America are planning historical programs. Some associations 
or leading Lithuanian publications in America are arranging excursions to Lithuania 
this summer. Litnuania is preparing expositions, parades, Spectacular exhibits. One 
day this summer will be known as the Day of Songs, when approximately 7,000 songsters 
will help in honoring the glorious Vytautas the Great, who was one of the greatest 
Grand Dukes of ancient Lithuania, when its cerritory extended from the Baltic to the 
Black sea. All celebrations are expected to reach their climax during the months of 
June and July and they will possibly last to the month of October, when the brilliant 
feats of the Grand Duke Vytaytas^^® to an end five-hundred years ago» 

Vilnis, Jan. 19, 1926 


There is a sharp increase in Chicago in the practice of giving 
dinners and banquets which is obvious even amorg the progressive 
element. Every Saturday and Sunday, many of our comrades invite 
a group of friends to their homes for a dinner or banquet. Then 
in order to return the favor, the :^eGts also give dinners and 
banquets. In such a manner the banquets continue to increase 
lilce a chain letter. 

The trouble v;ith these banquets is, that our comrades forr^et every- 
thing else, even the nost important labor meetings and functions. 

, -^ .«.! .• 


Vilnis, Jan. 19, 1926. 

It is true that it is not a sin to ::;ive banquets. Iiov;ev6r, when 
they cause our comrades to forget everything else, then it is 
time to out a stop to it. VJe are havin^'^ too many banquets. 

It is true that at some of these affairs our comrades remember to 
take up a collection for some good cause. Tlov^ever, this is not 
being done at all banquets. Lany comrades ai'e content with merely 
feasting and drinkin^c;. 

In my opinion, such banquets are entirely unnecessary for our 
progressive element, I"^ all the money that is now being used for 
soctal affairs v;ere donated to aid the labor movem.ent, it v/ould be 






Yilnis, Jan, 19, 1926. 

spent in a much more intelligent -manner, and v;ould be of greater 
benefit to the v/orkin - masses.. 



II B 1 c (5) 
I D 1 a 

' {mis 


Vilnis, Jan. 8, 1926* 


p«5 A commemoration program in honor of those two brave 

leaders of the working class, Carl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, will 
be held on Friday evening, January 8, at the North West Hall, corner of 
North and Western Avenues. These two working class leaders are martyrs of 
the world-wide labor movement. They were murdered by capitalists while 
engaged in the struggle for the uplift of the working class • 

The program will consist of organization and theatrical present at ions • 


II B 1 c (2) 

II B 1 c (1) Lietuva, Aug. 23, 1913. 


Lithuanians will participate in the prograra which is being planned to take 
place in the large hall on Municipal Fier, this Friday, August 23. The 
Birute Society has been invited to give a fevj- Lithuanian folk dances and 
our youths are already prepared to fulfill their part of the program. 

Miss S. Staniulis, who is in charge of the Lithuanian program, has announced 
that the Lithuanian dancers have ordered special Lithuanian national costumes 
for the occasion. Miss Rakauskas will sing several Lithuanian songs. Several 
other nationalities will also participate. The program will begin at eight 
in the evening. 

Admission to the programs on Municipal Pier is free, for they are sponsored 
by the city. They give people an opportunity not only to be entertained, but 
also to rest in the fresh air, after a hard day*s work. The hall is almost y:^ 
a mile from shore and is surrounded on three sides by Lake Michigan. 

II B 1 c (5 ) - ^ - LITHUAIvIAIT 

II B 1 C (2) 

II B 1 c (1) Lietuva , Aug. 23, 1918. 

It is desired that many Lithuanians v/ill attend to see how the other national- 
ities and the Lithuanians perform. To get to the LIunicipal Pier, take any car 
to Grand Avenue and continue on Grand Avenue ri^ht to the Pier. 

uL'T. J O ^ 

\ m c 


II B 1 c (5) 

II D 10 

IV llaujienos, Feb. 2, 1916. 


/dramatic circle to give B133EFIT PLA^ 

Chicagoans will have an opportunity of seeing one of K. Jasiukaitis* plays, 
^♦Hungry People**, this coraing Saturday. 

Investigation reveals that the play will be well performed. Rehearsals are 
being held almost every nip:ht. The Dramatic Circle hopes to make this its 
most successful presentation. We shall not be wrong when we say that the 
performance will be Just that. o 




The name of Konstantinas Jasiukaitis attests to the excellence of the play. ^ 
In addition, the new director of the Dramatic Circle, Mr. J* Briedis, assures ^ 
us that the amateur artists selected by him will faithfully portray whet the 
dramatist has intended in his play. 

Finally, the occasion for the performance will itself, it is expected, attract the 


II B 1 c (3) -2- LITHITAMIM 

II D 10 

IV Naujienoa , Feb. 2, 1916. 

Lithuanians of Chicago and the suburbs. The program is sponsored, not for 
profit or as a business venture, but for a charitable purpose. All the 
proceeds are to be given to the ailing writer and former director of the 
Dramatic Circle, Bruno Vargsas. As you probably know, Bruno Vargsas has 
been 111 for fourteen months. His illness has occasioned a loss to the 
Chicago Lithuanians. They have missed this talented theatrical director 
and dramatist. 

Therefore, we expect that Chica^ioans will remember all this, and will 
gladly attend the performance being given for his benefit. 



II B 1 c {'6) 



Nau.iienos , Jan, 25, 3 915. 


p.4» The newly acquired Lithuanian Lutheran Church, located on the South 
lilast corner of 35th Street and i^merald Avenue, v/as dedicated Sunday after- 
noon, January 24 • 

i^Iass was celebrated by the Rev* John Razokas, who is the pastor of the new 
church. He was assisted by the Rev. H. C, Both, pastor of St. Trinity 
Evangelical church. Rev. Razokas delivered a sermon in the Lithuanian 
lanjuage, while Rev. Both delivered another sermon in i^nglish. 

In spite of very cold weather, about five-hundred Lithusmian Lutherans attended 
the dedication ceremonies. 

II B 1 c (5) 


Ilau.iienos , Jan. 19, 1915. 



D.4..., The Lithuanian »«hite Aose Club hold a masquerade ball on Jan. 16, in 
the Tcv/n of Lake Lithuanian colony. It was the larges-o ball ever held by our 
people in that comiiiunity. 

The ball was so successful that four additional prizes, besides the five originally 
planned, had to oe given out. Prizes were offered to the mosX popular couples and 
individuals. Separate prizes v/ere issued to men and women. 

The first prize for men went to a pair of "News Soys"; the second pri-e was awarded 
to a pair masquerading as members of it\e "*/ lite i^xar Club". 

The first prize for v/omen went to a groux) of "Stock Yards ohop Girls" :^the second 
prize went to a pair of women in male attire masquer .ding as members of the "*/hite 
Rose Club." 



Naujienoa, Jan. 19, 1915. [p ^^^ 

'- • f 

The firs^ indiviaual pri^e for men went to "Beff Lugger"; tne second prize v/as 
awarded to '*A.Gupsy." 

Ivlore prizes were awarded to other groups and individuals wno contributed to the 
amusement of the crowd. 

The arrangements committee deserves much credit for presenting such a successful 
ball. The net profit from th -^ evening v/ill be about s>3CO...O. 


II B 1 c (3) 

l^l £ Naujlenos , Jan. 7, 1915. 

III H ■ 

/Unique New Year Party of Socialist League^ 

p. 3.... The 4th chapter of the Lithuanian Socialist League held its annual 
New Year Party, Dec. 31, 1914. This party was unique in that no intoxicating 
liquor was sold or employed by the celebrants. 

The program consisted of an address by T.J.Kucinskas and recitations by 
lidss F. Petraitis, I/iiss 't\ Stiklius, and Miss l. Kalvaitis. The program was 
opened and concluded with songs by the Lithuanian ^Socialist Uale Choir. 

During an intermission of the program an appeal was made to the audience for 
ail to war refugees in Lithuania. A collection netted ipl7.15, which was turned 
over to the Litauanian News Publisning Co. for transmission to Lithuania. 

After the program a banquet and a Lithuanian national dance contest were enjoyed 
by those present. i*'our prizes were awarded to the winners. 

II B 1 c (5) 


IV (German^ 

Nau.iienos < Jan. 4, 1915 • 


p. 3... The Lithuanian Democratic Club of tne 20th ward recently held its 
annual meeting. The members voted unanimously to support Robert M. Sweitzer, 
candidate Tor l^yor of Chicago, and lylatt Franz, candidate for alderman of the 
20th ward. 

The club donated $2.00 to assist the Lithuanian Public Library. 


II B 1 c (5) 

II B 1 d 

II B 2 a L ietuva , 3ept. T^r, 1913. 

II B 2 f 


III B 2 

I A 3 The Aurora Society fair will be nold on SerjteL.ber 25, 2*^>, 27 and 
28, 1915, at the Aurora Hall, 3149 Sout.i Malsted Street. 

2very day t.iere v.lll be dancing ivitli iiusic by tlie Sarpalius brothers, and 
each da-'- there will be a different rjrorrari. Se-oterrber 25 v;ill be the eve- 
ninr of the Lithuanian Socialist iVlliance of Anerica, Branch 31, Choir. 
Friday, Septer.ber 2^^, t:iere v/ill be soloists. Cn '^.aturday, September 27, 
the Birute Choir will sinr; and on oundciy, Septenber 2E , the liberty Youth 
Choir will sinf*. Adiaission will bo ten cents. Cn Ser.^teriber 25, 26 and 27, 
the fair will open at 7:30 P. T. , and on Sunday, Septenber 28, it will open 
at 2 P. !'I. 

The variety in the nrof'-rar: v/ill satisfy old and vounr, bovs and pirls. VJe 
are inviting all of you to come in order to support the Aurora Library,'' 

\ • c 

II B 1 c (5) - 2 - LI1HUANIAIT 

II B 1 d 

II B 2 a Lietuva, Sept. 26, 1913. 

II B 2 f 

II B 1 a where you can get books to read free, and also to support the day- 
Ill B 2 and evening school. 
I A 3 

The Aurora Committee. 

II 3 1 c (5 ) 
II B 2 G 

II 3 1 a 

II J 1 


•J , 

Lietuva. Teb. 14, 1913. 

LiT!-u;iii:'jT ivc: ..t ii-n: ■.":i'k s'u.v?.::: F.^ia-: 


The city has arranp,erl pro,'*ram<n every day for one v;eek at the I ark VHiite 
Square Pari:, 29th and halsted Streets. Prcrrans i;ill be presented by 
different nationalities of tliis aistrict. The first procran vjill be on 
Tuesday. This day lias been set aside for the Lithuanians. The (Guards 
of tlie Grand Duke Tytautas of Lit:xUania*s Choir, under the direction of 
r. Sarpalius, ;;ill sinp^, Yx. ,\. Petraitis v;ill deliver an illustrated 
lecture in the Lithuanian lannuare. ^idjiission is free. 



II F Lletuva , June 24, 1910* 

JtSS. church FAIR IN TOV/K OF lAIffi/ 

This Sunday, June 25, will be the last day of the Fair now being held in the 
Town of Lake for the benefit of the Lithuanian Church. The Fair has been 
going on for quite a long time and will show a good deal of profit. It is 
being held in the Elijosius Hall. The profit is to be used for the building of 
a new church for which a plot of ground has been purchased on Hermitage Avenue, 
between 45th and 46th Streets. The old church is too small, therefore, the 
building of a larger one is planned* 



II B 1 c (5) 
II B 1 d 
II D 1 


Lietm-a, Vol, VIII, No. 19, Uay 11, 1900, 

— — — I 


On Sunday, May 13, the Simonas Daukantas Society will participate in the 
lOth jubilee of the Duke Gedeninas Society. On that day, at 2 P. M., all 
the members of tl-ie Sirionas Daulcantas Society are to come to the hall at 
106 Cleaver St, from vihere, with music and in full parade, we will march 
to the place of celebration. Every member is to wear the society* s 
national emblem and v/hihe [gloves. Any member not attending the parade 
v^-ill be fined -^l.OO, unless reasonable cause be-shovm for not partici- 
pating in the parade. 

S. Abromaviczia, President } ^^^^ 3^ Morcran 
F. Pupauskis, Secretary ) 

II B 1 c jZ ) 

III B 2 

II J 1 


Lietuva, Vol, VIII, rJo, 18, i^^y 4, 1900, 


Chicago, 111. The Society of the Grand Dul:e Gedenixias of Lithuania will 
celebrate its 10th yearly jubilee on Sunday, Llay 13, at V/alsh Hall, 
corner of Iloble St, and Milwaukee Ave,, at 3 P, M# In this celebration 
will participate all the Ch'cago Lithuanian national societies; they 
will parade on the streets and will march to the hall where the jubilee 
will be held. There will be speeches, declamations and nati::nal songs* 
After the pror^ram there vail be a dance. 

All the Lithuanians are invited to this national festival • Admission 
25 cents; ladies, free. 

The Society of the Gi^nd Duke of Lithuania, 

II 3 1 c (5) 

II B 1 d 


LITHUA^IAJM 17 'ii^^' aJ 

Lietuva, Vol. VII, lio. 42, Oct. 20, 1899* 


Sunday, llovember 5, 1899, in the memory of the honorable Lithuanian ivriter 
Simonas Daukantas yearly festival, the Simonas Daukantas Society will have 
its yearly celebration at the Freiheit Turner Hall, 3417 S« Halsted St. 

The celebration will be in the following manner: All the societies parti- 
cipating in this celebration will cone to the Liandanskas Hall, 3301 S« 
Morgan St., from there at 3 P. M., will start in full parade and will 
march to the said hall. When all the public will be in the hall, the 
prominent speakers will deliver speeches, and after the speeches decla- 
mations and songs with music. After the program there will be a banquet. 
Three societies promised to participate in the celebration. They are: "The 
Truth Seekers/* "The Liberty," and "The Grand Duke Gedeminas of Lithuania." 
They sent their delegates and promised to take part in this national festival 
We believe that all the other Lithuanian societies will not refuse to par- 
ticipate in this national festival and will take part in this worthy national 
holiday, and will show that the Lithuanians in Chicago are still livings We 
are cordially inviting all Lithuanians to take part. 

The Simonas Daukantas Society, 

II B 1 c (5) 


Lletuva t Vol. VII t No* 13, March 31, 1899. 


We, Lithuanians in America, in the past, had had many propositions, but 
not one of them was fulfilled^ Now we are talking and writing about the 
coming exhibition in Paris* V/e Lithuanians should have our own Lithuanian 
section, where we could exhibit our public tions. ^fe ought to print a 
small book in either English, French or the German language • In that book 
we should expose the horrible oppression and the persecution of Lithuanians 
in Lithuania by the Russian government for reading Lithuanian newspapers 
and books* 

It would be best if Lithuanians in every city in America would elect a 
committee to collect money to cover tbe expenses of shipping newspapers, 
books, etc*, to the Peris exhibition. A group of Lithuanian students 
from owitzerlfind appealed to the American Lithuanians for help in 
establishing: the Lithuanian exhibition in Paris. 




Mr. Dami jonaitis. 

11 ^ 1 r '.-o 

II ^ 1. 


Lietuva Vo"* . 


II TI^'^l-- '■'!'] A"^'! 




A 4-\y 



-> r*/- 


' Vi T .-^ V 

1? *'iv'^*'n "rv "*" ?' 


T r- ^ ^ 4- 


.'^T >^ 



if? ^"r^ Ck t n «-; ^"'"' PV 

'- * . J. 

ir *'- 

II B 1 c (3) UTHlLjNIM 

Lietuva , Vol. I, No. 15, April 22, 1893. 


This is the greatest event in the history of Chicaco. This great exhibition 
v/ill open on the first day of May. 

At this exposition there \yill be people and rulers from all over the world. 
There v;ill be animals, beasts and birds fron all parts of tne v/orld. There 
v/ill be all kinds of machinery tnat man's ingenuity can produce. Those and 
many other thin^js you can see at tiiis exposition only, but not at any other 

Therefore, Lithuanians, do not miss seeing this greatest exhibition on earth. 

B. Avocational and Intellectual 
1. Aesthetic 

d. Literary Societies 

II B 1 d 


Lietuva, Feb. 3, 1938. 

p,4«... Afoer a recent announcement in Jaunimas concerning the organization of a 
club for all the young literary hdnded Lithuanians, we received a number of - 
letters asking us lo go ahead an: start such an organization at once, 

Vi/riters of these letters suggest there is much interesting work for a club of 
this nature. i«^eetings, with literary discussions, lectures, essay contests^ 
study of Lithuanian literature publishing year books of ximerican-Lithuanian 
youth literature are only few of the suggestions. 

./e are happy to announce thaL plans have been just completed and that a meeting 
will be called in the very near future. Information as to the date and place will 
be sent only to those who request it by writing to Jaunimas. 


II 3 1 d 

II B 2 i (3) LITHUANIAN .^ 

Data Supplied by Ur. Ambrose , of Foreign Language Project. s^^ .a/ 

^ June 2, 19S7. K ^V 


The above named society "was formerly called the Lithuanian Workers 
Literature Society. It was organized by the Lithuanian Socialists in 
the year of 1915» 

The first sponsor of this society was Theodore Kucinskas, who wrote 
an article in the Kova (Struggle), organ of the Lithuanian Socialist 
Alliance, about the necessity of such a literary society. 

For two years there were many discussions for and against such a so- 
ciety. Those against this project were the Lithuanian private Socialist 
publications, like Laisve( Liberty), which at that time was published 
in South Boston, Mass. Others said that such a society would be against 
the Lithuanian Socialist Alliance, as this organization is also publish- 
ing books • 


Data Supplied by Mr> Ambrose ^ of Foreign Language Projects 

Vftien the separate brancht^s of the Lithuanian Socialist Alliance empha- 
sized the necessity of such a society, L. Pruseika, who was editor of 
Laisve , and who was against such a literary society, with Miss J. M» 
Benes organized the first group in Brooklyn, N» Y«, as the Lithuanian 
Workers Literature Society* 

The purpose of this society is to organize the Lithuanian workers, to 
organize branches in Lithuanian colonies, to publish books and to 
spread enlightenment and mutual understanding among the workers • 

The growth of this society was very rapid* In a short time it had one 
thousand members, and later the society had several thousand members* 
For a more successful organization, districts were organized* 

Whereas the Lithuanian Workers Literature Society was under the con- 
trol of the Socialists, and after the split in 1920 of the Lithuanian 
Socialist Alliance with the followers of Communism, this literary 
society was also split into two separate organizations* That part 


Data Supplied by Mr. Ambrose , of Foreign Language Project* 

which came under the Coimaunists' control was named the Lithuanian Workers 
Literature Society of America. After the split, the organization became 
weak, but started to grow and again became a large organization* 

For ovor 20 years the Lithuanian V/orkers Literature Society of America 
accomplished great deeds in the field of culture. This society spreads 
enlightenment not only through ita published books and its tri-monthly 
journal S^desa (Light), but many cultural activities are performed by 
the branches of this organization, such as lectures, essays, concerts, 
theatrical performances, etc. They have supported many campaigns for the 
benefit of the workers. They have collected ten thousand dollars for the 
support of strikes, for the political prisoners and many other important 

As for the publishing of books there exists no equal publication. Several 
thousands of workers, paying even small dues per year, make up large 
sums of money that make it possible to publish such books which otherwise 

- 4 - 


Data Supplied by Ur. Ambrose ^ of Foreign Language Project* 
would not have been published. 

The Lithuanian Workers Literature Society of Araerica, during its exist- 
ence has published over 40 different books • 

The society publishes the tri-monthly scientific, cultural and political 
journal Sviesa (Light)* 

Branches of this organization exist in every Lithuanian colony of America, 
Canada, South America, France emd U. S« S» R» 

The membership dues are s?l»50 a year; initiation fee is ten cents. V/hen 
a family belongs to the society, if they do take the published literature, 
they pay only ten cents per year. The members who pay |1»50 receive all 
literature published during that year by the society* The members who 
want to get only the journal, Sviesa , pay one dollar per year. The young 
people get books in English. 

- 5 - 


Data Supplied by llr, Ambro se of Foreign Language Project, 

The Lithuanian Workers Literature Society of America has about 6,000 
members • In Chicago there are nine branches of this organization^ 

The following branches: 

• Mrs« J. Urmoniene, 124 E# 104 Place 
J. Baltusis, S116 S. Halsted St* 
S. Viesys, 4927 Melrose St. 

Mrs. A. Dockiene, 1304 S. 48 Ct., Cicero, 111. 
A. Trijonis, 4516 S. Troy St. 
J. Grigas, 7200 S. Campbell Avenue 
S. Tevikas, 1409 E. 67th St. 
LIrs. J. Zitkiene, 667 W. 18th St. 
A. Yuris, 950 W. 54th St. 


Branch - 



86 th 














R. Mizara, President; D. M. Solomskas, Secretary. 
46 Ten Eyck St., Brooklyn. 

II B 1 d 

I £ 






. 86 











T Of? 


Record Books of Lithuanian V/orkers Literature SocietV t 1937, 
in possession of a. Bimka, Secretary, 46 Ten Eych Street, 
Brooklyn, N.Y. 

J, Baltusis, Secy. 3116 S. Halsted St. WPA (ILL) PSCJ. 30^ 

Mrs. J. Urraoniene, 124 S. 104th St. 

S. Viesys, 4927 Melrose Street* 

iirs. A. Dockiene, 1304 S. 48th Ct. Cicero, Ill# 

A. Frijonis, 4516 S. Troy St. * 

J. Grigas, 7200 S. Campbell Ave. 

St. Telvikas, 1409 E. 67th St. 

Mrs* J. Zitkiene, 667 V/. 18th St. 

A. Yurie, 950 W. 54th St. 


II A 3 b 


Vilnis, Feb. 26, 19:36. 

ii:t::;r:^tio:-^ coNCiiiiT 

The Chicago district of the Lithuanian-Marican V/orkers Literary 
Society gave a very interesting musical entertainment, Feb. 21, 
at the Chicago Lithuanian Auditorium. Besides Lithuanians, artists 
of other nationalities participated in the program. A capacity 
crowd attended. 

A number of solos ard duets were sung by the following Lithuanian 
artists: Miss Meldazis, Miss Siena Peciukas, Paul Dauderis, and 
Ona Pocius. llany v/ere asked t repeat their nujnbers, especially 
Ona Pocius, who pleased the audience immensely with her highly de- 

II B 1 d - 2 - LITIKLvITlAN 

II A 3 b 

in H 

I c 

Vilnis , ?eb. 25, 1926. 

velcped voice. She returned fron Lithuania only two v;eeks 
a^o. In Lithuania she v/as a popular rneir.ber of the Lithuanian 
State Opera. She proved at the concert th-it her popularity 
is 7:ell deserved. 

It. Hodella, f:mous Italian tenor, -also nade a fine impression. 

The Jo'.vish Freiheit Chorus, v;hich is a real novelty in Lithuanian 
pror^rains, electrified the audience vrith its fine performance. 
The chorus delivered many encores before the audience finally con- 
sented to allov/ it to leave the stage. 

II 3 1 d 

II A 3 t 

I C 

LiTinj. j:L"C'i 

Vilnis, Feb. 26, 1926. 

During an interriission period, CoMrade J. Gasiunas delivered 
a short talk on the ains of the Lithuanian-.'i::erican .workers 
Literary Society, He invited those present to join the society, 

II B 1 d LITHU.^L\N 

II A 3 d 
I C 

Vilnis, l^eb. 16, 1926. 


llie Chicago branch of the Lithuanian-Anerican Jorkers Literary 
Society will give a very interesting concert, Feb. 21, at the 
ChiC'ico Lithuanian Auditoriuin, 3133 So. Halsted Street. A 
large ntimber of musicians ..ill participate in the program. 
imons those v;ho v/ill take part are: Ona Pocius, famous 
Lithuanian violinist and sin-er; Helen Peciukas; Paul Dauderis; 
a Jewish chorus; and a fa.ious Italian singer. 

This concert promises to be very interesting, and is expected 
to draw a capacity crowd. 

II B 1 d 

II B 2 d 
II B 2 

II B 2 g 

III B 2 
I A 3 



Vilnis. Feb. 9, 1926. 


The Town-of-Lake chapter of the Lithuanian-Ainerican Workers 
Literary Society, held its monthly meeting on Feb. 2. The 
meeting was well attended. 

Amon^: other things it was decided to take an active part in 
the present campaign to raise funds for converting the semi- 
weekly Yilnis into a daily nev;spaper. A lively interest in 
the campaign was displayed by all members. A committee was 
elected for the purpose of finding ways and means to raise 
money for the Vilnis fund. Later, at the suggestion of the 
committee, a proposal v;as made and carried, to give a motion 

II B 1 d - 2 - LmilL^TI.iN 

II B 2 d (1) 
II B 2 e 

II B 2 g 

III B 2 
I A 3 

Tilnis, Feb. 9 1926. 

picture show, with nev;s reels from life in Soviet Russia, for 
the benefit of the Vilnis . 

The committee on Education urged all menbers to attend the 
weekly classes of the society in the study of the iiJnglish 
language and the study of the .-jnsrican working class movement. 
Classes are held every .Wednesday evening at the Cesna Ilall, 
4501 So# Paulina street. 


II B 2 d (1) 

Vilnis, Jan. 5, 1926. 


p. 8 The first district of the American Lithuanian Workers 

Society held a conference on January 3, at the Vilnis Hall, 3116 South Halsted 
Street. Seventy delegates, representing twenty one chapters, and about one- 
thousand members attended the conference. 

Delegates from all chapters delivered reports before the conference, describing 
the various activities of each chapter. It was one of the most lively 
conferences ever held by the district. 

According to a report by the district chairman, the district did not increase 
its membership during the past year. He said the recent new membership drive 
was devoted mainly to spreading working class literature, especially getting 
new subscribers to the Laisve (Liberty), Lithuanian Communist daily newspaper 
in New York. 

II B 1 d Li:i:u.j-Lu: 

II B 2 d (5) 

III B 2 Lietuva , Feb. 25, 1916 • 
II D 1 

.j2'jr.'rjY CF :iLJ lovi^^ of tilj ..CT::..i^j'D 


The local br-^xicnes of the Lovors o£ the hotherland jociotv havo hogun to 
work in earnest. Tliey are "olanninr- to revive the Chicago district of 
local brancr.os of the Lovero of I'oth::rla:id Jocisty, in order to secure 
nore activity on the part of the branches. .Jaaoat all the branc-iea are 
getting nev/ nenbers, a:id the publication of nev/ books is brin-^in::- jnore eaer- 
rpj to the activities of the local branches. 

On February 27, the Lovors of hotherland Jocioty, 3ra.ich 22, of ?rid.::si:ort, 
will hold its Tieetin,^ at ..urora hall, 3001 ^outh Ilalsted Jtroat, at 2 P. h. 
^ this Lieoting the nev/ booh. The x..ota^r , ;;ill be ,:ivon to the rienbers, and 
the previously published booh The ho:.rt , vill be ;;i.en to those neabers v±lo 
have not yet received it. 


II B 1 d - 2 - L rHiUuII'Li: 

II E 2 d (^i) 

III B 2 Lietuvu , .^eb. 25, l^lo* 
II D 1 

On Pebruary 27, the Lovars of ::ot::erland Jociety, Pranch 27, 
v/ill hold ito r.ieoting at ... J. Bicrzinslcis Hall, 4602 oouth raulina Jtroet, 
At this neetin^ tae 3a:.:9 boolcs :.'ili be ^;iven to tho i:ie::ibors of Branch 27* 

On February 23, tho Lovers of Llothorland Jociety, Branch 23, v;ill hold 
its meetin:: at L. i.^olaazis Hall on t.:e '.'est oilo at S:P, II. .^t this meet- 
ing they v;ill have a discus^iiion on the nev:l3^ publisiied books. Previously 
thQv had such a discussion on the booh, The Heart ; now they ivill diocuss 

the literary v-orhs of .a?, otr^^sd^.s and ...r. Jonila. The nev; book, The Lot her , 
v.'ill be ^;iv3n to the ]:ie::bors at this r.ieotin;. 

Parsons v;ho do not belon-a to this litcrar- org:ail2:-tion riav to these 
meetixiv^s. Old nenrers cijould brin • nevx :iGnbo:;o to tlioje r.jctijiss. 




II B 2 d (3) 

III B 2 Lletuv a, Feb. IB, 1916. 

II D 1 



M. R, 

The Lovers of the Motherland Society, Branch 65, Englewood, will have its 
family banquet on February 19, at Baukus Hall, 843 Vincennes Avenue. Be- 
sides the dinner, there will be a program of music, recitations, and 
speeches. The books. The Heart and the Works of the Rev. A . Stra zdelis will 
be given to the members of this society. Admission, twenty-five cents. 

II B 1 d 

III B 2 


Lietuva, Jan. 28, 1916. 



The Lovers of the Motherland Society, Branch 28, will hold its meeting on 
January 28, at 8 P. M. , in Meldazis Hall, on the 'Vest Side. 

Branch 28 selected five of its nembers, to give their impressions at this 
meeting of the book, The Heart , which was received by the members of this 
literary society. At the last meeting there v/ere not enough books for every- 
one, because this branch has so many new members. The organizer of Branch 28, 
Iviiss L. Zilviciute, secured thirty-five new members. ITow this branch has a 
membership of seventy-five. ITonmembers can come to this meeting, too. 

II 3 1 d 

III B 2 

Iletuv^i J'^'^n. -8, 1916, 



SOCIjITY, 3::^IGH 27 

A. J. Zsmaitis, organizer 

Branch '^7 mil hold its annual neetin^j in Bierzinskis Tlall, 460rj South 
Paulina :>treet, January 27 , at 8 P.M. 

At this rneetin.;;, the books, The .leart and The Ilother v.lll be distributed 
to the members of this society. xhe nev; msLibers, vjho join this society 
at this meeting, v/ill also receive these books. At this meeting v;3 will 
discuss the announcements from the central bor^rd oi' the :.overs of the 
Motherland Society. Jrin,: new members to this meeting. 

II 3 1 d 

II B 2 d (3) 

III B 2 Lietuva , Jan. SI, 1916. 
II D 1 


ACTiviTrcs CF T^Fu lcy;:.:i3 of tivJ j.'c™::rlj\jd scchty :^;\ .. ^•'A 



Trie members of the Lovers of the ITotherland Society have not had tine to 
rejoice over such a cood v;ork as the boo}:, Heart, for novj this literary 
society has published another rood boo>, Lother and Tier Anx iety, v/ritten 
by Dr. Ant anas G-armus« 

The members of the society shall arain have a very interesting and bene- 
ficial book to read. The Lovers of the Motherland Society, during the past 
year, has accomplished a rreat job. F.ven the Lithuanian people have not had 
time to appreciate its ^ood work, for boo:: after book has been corinr off 
the press. The secretary of the Lovers of the ' otherland Society announces 
that durinr the last tv:o months, — ::cverr.her and December — eirht hundred nev; 
members joined ^his society, and the treasury held •■.>1,.:;0U 

This year, this society has made arran-^enents to publish several more .^ood 

:i B 1 d 

LietuvG, Jan. r:l, 101^.. 

. II B 2 d (3) 

III B .^ 

II B 1 

Tlie officern of the Lovers of the T'otherland Societv nre v/orthv 
"of corjaendation for their devotion to and accor.ipliohnent of such a rre?it 

work • 

Cr-. 'r 

II B 1 d 


Lietuva, Jan. 7 , 1916. 




Bi junas-i^eony 

On Eece.'nber 51 The i-overs of i».otherlana society, Branch 65, of Snr^^lev.ood, held 
its social evening at Baulcus hall. V.e enjoyed ourselves dancing and waiting 
for the happy Nev. Year of 1;;16. '..hen the hour of midnight struck, the young 
boys and girls shook hands v.ith each other v.hile expressing best v.ishes for 
the coining year and hopes of becojiing iTiernbers of tiie Lovers of ^uOtherland 
Society. From what I have lec.rned, five new members joined the society that 

During the evening books v.ere cistributc;d to the members of this literary society, 
the Lovers of i.Iotherland Society. The books v.ere The Heart , and the literL^ry 
v;orks of Reverend jrx. Strazdelis. Tho;.e v.ho received them v.ere very glad to 
receive such presents, ^^^t tne sa.e time, a small v;atch raffled off* It ,^"'^ "\ donated by Ivii*. .i.. Gausa. he deserves many thanks from Branch b'o^ /.:;.-, ^ 

II B 1 d - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

Lietuva , Jan« 7, 1916. 

At present, the Lovers of L.otherland Scciet?/, Branch 65, has about fifty 
ineiabers. The attendance v.asnot ::o large, but Branch 6b, it seens, v.ill have a 
fair profit from the evening* 

I . 

II B 1 d 



Lietuva . Nov. 19, 1915. 

Last Sunday evening, November 14, theire was a meeting of Lithuanian foUclore 
collectors in Fellowship House, 831 West 33rd Place* The meeting was 
attended not only by Lithuanicms but also by several non-Lithuanians who are 
interested in Lithuanicm folklore • 

At this meeting an organization of Lithuanian folklore collectors was founded. 
Such a society had been planned for quite some time, as there is a fairly Ico^ge 
number of Lithuanian folklore collectors in Chicago and vicinity* A number 
of non-Lithuanians have showered much praise upon the richness and beauty of 
Lithuanian folklore* 

Mr. C. Kasputis was elected secretary of the Lithuanian Folklore Society* 
The purpose of the Society is to collect Lithuanian folklore and acq\iaint 
foreigners (non-Lithuanians) with its richness and beauty* 

II B 1 d LI'iiIlAi:i.u. 


Lietuvn, Get. 22, 1915. 

scGLvL Gri\/i::: by llv^s cl xIIl: jo:.i!i]E\tL^:'D olgieiy 


ChaT)ter 28 of the Lovers of the ratherland oociety guve a social on Saturday 
eveninCi October 16« ±he prograii, v/hich consisted of orations, dancing, caiaes, 
etc., v/as very interesting, iibout tv/o hundred people attended. 

The guests v/ere addressed by Dr. /w. ^iriont^s, suprene president of the Lovers 
of the jatherland Society; ^^ttorney I''. I. Sradchulis; and S. L. Salutis. i^mong 
other things, the speakers explained the value of education and urged -che guests 
to beconie iieinbers of the society, .^s a result fifteen guests joined the society. 

. « • • 

Lr. V. Lenhauskas reciter- a i.ionologue entitled "liier.sargis" ('..'atchdog) . 




II B 1 d 

II B 2 g 

III 3 

Lietuva, Lar* 26, 1915. 


The Youth jiducational Circle v;as oi'canized in the Bridgeport colony about four 
months ago» The purpose of the Circle is to promote the intellectual development 
of its members^ Leetin^s are helci every ..onday evening in the engine room of 
the field house at i^ark l.Tiite ocUcire, 29 th and Hals ted Jtreets. 

A lecture on an important educL.tional subject is deliverea at every meeting 
of the Circle. Besides the lecture, discussions are held on important oiuestions. 
The purpose of the discussions is to develop clear and lo^ac^l thinking and to 
train the members in the art of public speaking. Lost of the lectures so far 
have been on psychological subjects. 

Lembers of the Circle are planning a series of lectures for the general 
Lithuanian public. The first of these lectures is scheduled for ..ednesday, 
karch 31, in the hall at i..ark V.hite Square. 



m. oj 

II 3 1 d - 2 . 

II B 2 g 

III S Lietuva, Lar. P6, 1915. 


Classes in the study of the Lithuanian laniP:uag*^. and Lithuanian literature will 
be started this week for mer.bers of the Circle. The group has about fifteen 

II B 1 d 

LI TllUrtIi lAI'i 

II B 2 d (3) 

Lietuva , I,ar. 19, 1915» 


The Lovers of the Fatherland Jociety has juct completed the publication of 
the literary v;orks of Reverend Xavier 3trazaelis. 

All members of the Chicago chapters of the Society will soon receive free 
copies of the published volumes. 

The next monthly meeting of the 22nd chapter v;ill take place on Larch 25 at 
Ausra Kail, 3149 South Halsted St. The next meeting of the 2^3th chapter will 
take place on ounday evening, Larch 28, at lueldazis Hall, 2242 './est 23rd Place. 

IJ B 1 


II E 2 




III n 

I E 



Lietuva , Sept. 12, 1913. 


We Lithuanians should disregard Icv/bred enenies ainonr?; us and v/ithout 
exception sup;i:)ort cultural institutions and the honored delegates, Dr. J. 
Basanavicius and I'. Yeas, v/ho caiie to this country to collect money for 
the Lithuanian Science buildin;^ of Vilnius /^filna/. Since some of the 
Lithuanian socialist newspapers have poured out their insinuating propa- 
ganda against the honored delegates, v;e, the Lithuanian Lovers of the Lloth- 
erland Society, branch 28, of Chicago, at our meeting have drav/n up a reso- 
lution of protest against the newspapers Laisve (Liberty) and PCova (Struggle) 
and their groundless insinuations upon these tvjo honored delegates of the 
Lithuanian Science Society of Vilna. 

J. Biezis, president 

, ' ' • vp \\ 
Liss L. iIauT)aite, secretary /u.-\,,r, t ^\ 

' —> ViV h 

H. Zaura , treasurer. \ o "•' •"• 

II 3 1 d 


II B 2 d (5) 

III B 2 Lietuva , :!ar. 7, 1913. /"' '"x 

II D 1 /..J". 



The Lovers of the ::otherland Society, Branch 22, v/ill hole its meeting on 
ivlarch 11, in the Aurora '^all, 5149 South llalstsd Street, At this meeting, the 
members of the society will r'.?ceive the book, Assays on 3acteriolo^-?y and Biology , 
by Dr# A# G-anaus. This boc:-: '.vill also be ^iven free to those members who join 
at this meeting. 

' "--N 


B 1 



B a 



B 2 

I , 

i 1 d 

J. XI. 3 

Lietuva, June j, 19CC, ^^:_ 


Guided b. the belief that action i:> better than vrcrds, I v.Tote as little as 
possible in our nev/spaper about Tirst branch of the Ausra (Dawn) Society, 
of v/hich I an the chairirxin. lla/zever, a lar.^e nuiabor of Lie:ribers have 
criticizod ne for ay reticence and ur,^ed ne to enc;a^e in sone occasional 
publicity, in an effort to attract nore people into our novenont. Therefore, 
I a.:, nakin,'^ this effort to acquaint :aore people v;ith the aims and activities 
of our society. I hope I v;ill succeed in arousing a .greater interest in our 
movenent a:non'; the Lithuanian ju.-lic of Chicr-.go. 

The ;^usra Society v:as or,^anized recently by a group of leading Ohicar^o 
Lithuanians, along non-partisan and non-sectarian lines, for the nirpose 
of assisting Lithuanian studsnts financially one tc pronote in a general 
v;ay the educational uplift of our people. 

In order to raeet a Ion-- felt neod for professional people of our ov/n nationality, 

_ o _ 

^ ij "^ 

T't^ TTTA T.'T ^"^'"^ 

Lietuva , Tune 5, 190S. 

the society is no ' as.r.istin^ a nLur.ber of v;orthy and talented Lithu-mian students 
to cora:)let3 their ccllese education, '..'e all l:nov7 that the realization of our 
dreaias for a ^^reater and bri^^hter future, "both as individuals and as a r:roup, 
depends to a larr;c e:-rbent on an evor incrcasin-^ nirr.ber of college -graduates, 

.•01 im^^ortant part of the activities cf the .usra Society are the evaninc^ classes, 
vrhicli are bein^^ conducted for the benefit of adult Lithuanian nen i\ii(i r;orien. 
Various elo:!ientary subjects, such as arithiotic, reading, and -..Titinr^, in both 
the ---ithuanian and Jn"li3h lan:ua^-es, are bein-^ tau'^'ht under t/ie able direction 
of Vincent r:a3eil:a« lie is a -raduate of the Ryr^a lol^n^echnic ..cadeny, and ca.n.e 
to -jnerica only recently fro.i Latvia, v;here ha v.'as e iplcyed as a railroad 

/i. rapio'.ly '^,ro7:in'5 Lithuanian itnu Jn.'lish li.rary i*.: also naintained by the 


Books are availa".;le free of char:-e to all i ithuanians of Chicac-^o 

V / 



Lietuva, Juno 5, 19CS. 

and vicinity. 



The hearts of those who have heen foIlov;in.:?; the activities of Chicago Lithuanians 
during the past t-rolve *>." ei -^hteen :aonths, are beinc coiiiforted vrith uni-iistalcable 
si-ns of a -rcator and bri-^l^t.^r future Tor cur -^oople ii. .jierica. 

The neriborship of tho ..uora :cci;";ty i:-> co:i-^osod of L::e vory j .3t eloiient of 
Lithuariia.i ::ion and -.:oi.i3n of Chic?.c-o. The realization of t'.e asTuraticns of 
our talonted youth c.G-p::nds l:.r^ely upon t::en. 



The .^usra orcietv i:-; a ;)i\i'-:r of education, not for political a'^itaticn or 
reli.^ious fancies, cut a ":illar of real educ..ticn r.nd hncvrled'^e. It i-^. a 
solid and reliable foundation, u :on vrhich \:e can safely build our national 
hoDes and individual -welfare. 

The next i.iontlily liieotin/]: of the ..usra Society" v:il:. bo hold on June 7, j:oO / 



- 4 - 

""T ^T -7 — r ""T* 

T T — r ^T -.I'T 

. <1.>. A. .-J 1 

Lietuva, June 3, 1308 

P,I.\, at tli3 rellov:3hip -Iour>e, on .;3rd Tlace, near lalsted Streat 

.1. Rutkauskas, :[•:)• 



II B 1 d 

III B 2 
II B 2 a 
II D 1 Lietuva . Vol* XVII, Ko . 17» Apr. 24, I908. 



Last year Lr . Jabris published an appeal in the Lithuanian nev/spapers, ex- 
tending ar. in/itation to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the birth- 
day of the deceased Dr. V. Kudirka, and to publish his biography and all 
his literary works. This woula be a ::.onu:iient to a ^reat man. ATiat effect 
this appeal has had on the Lithuanian public is not knov/n. Here and there 
the people contributed a few dollars for this good cause, A co..ri;ittee 
should be appointed to take care oT the contributions. Then we would know 
how much money was donated for this worthy undertaking. 

The SirTiOnas Daukatos Society at its anriversary celeb^^-tion on Oct •27» 1907 
collected $27.40i and from its own budget donated plOf total $37»40» ^^^ 
the publication of Dr. V. Kudirka* s literary works. This ri.oney is account- 
ed for in the society's budget, because we do not know where or to whom 
to send this fund, as there is no oofiimittee to take care of it. '7e would 
like to see the Lovers of Fatherland Literary Society publish the writings 
of Dr. Kudirka. 

7e are also announcing to the Lithuanian public that our society which 
bears the great name of the foremost historian of Lithuania, has published 


- 2 - 

Lietuva, Yol. XVII. No. 17. Apr. 24, 1908. 

a picture oT Siiaonas Daukatos, size 22 x 28. The picture shows S. Daukatos 
at his desk writing the history of Lithuania. The price on is ^•25» 
and if a picture is desired, send this aiiOUi.t to L. J. Daniijonaitis, 3^5^ 
S. Ealsted ot., Chicago, 111., where it can be had. 

V/e have hjard that the Chicago Lithuanians are ooi., plaining that there is no 
Lithuanian library, ./e are, therefore, announcing that the Si.'JiOnas Daukatos 
Society has had its own library of five hundred copies of various books for 
the last several years, lleinbers of the society get the books free to read, 
while non-.Tiembers pay $.05 a week for reading the books. The library is at 
Rugis Hall, 3301 S. 1 organ St. 

v.. J. DaiTii.'ionaiti s . 

II B 1 d LITHUAraAN l^ \»I?A. ^, 

\ / 
Lietuva , Vol. XVII, No. 17, Apr. 24, I908. 


On Apr. 26, 1908 at twelve o'clock noon, a meeting of The Lovers of Father- 
land Society will be held at Ragls Hall, 33OI S. Morgan St. 

This meeting is very ia.portant, because v/e have to find v;ays and laeans for 

our society to publish the literary works o^ Dr. V. Kudirka. Ail members 

must be present at the meeting and bring new n.embers to this literary 

'iVhen our society »vill have a lar^e nuuber of :.*e...b«rs, v;e shall accomplish 
a gigantic task. 

Co ..i..ittee. 




II E 1 d 


ietuva. Vol. XIII, No. 4. Jan. 27. I90i- ^'-"^ ('-^-^ ^-0-^^ 302/5 

A "branch of the Lovers of Fatherland Society v;as organized on Sunday, Jt^nuary 
15» on tne^ North Side of Chicago. "I^he first jueetingwab lield witri son^s and ae- 

r first meetin^was called to order by I'Igl-; '[ary Aukotakalniute. S-i'^ explained 
purpose of the societyf urged all Lithuanians, :-v^r. an 3 v/Oif.eii, to Join it, te- 
e it is national, uni its airri is to :prea1 3nli< htmi'ier.t u;r:or.;_ o;.r brotjiers 

p •! c: 4- p. r» r, . 




and sistert':. 

Hiss Aldcna Narraunciute recited t'ne poem, "I an a Lithuanit-n '^^'iiild", and san^ "I 
am Reared in Lithuania". 

Hist iinti^ona Aukstakalniute recited the poe;is: "".Vai^:e i,: '^ro'.ier /incestor" and "As 
Lon^^ as You ere Younr, Lovin^ Brother, Sow tiie Seed"; sue also s^^n^ tv.o son^^, 
"-iello Brother Singers" and tne "Love of Litnuunia". 

II B 1 d 

' T ""' IT 

Lietuva, Vol. XIII, ICo. k^ Jun 2 



,.(. -"" « 


f : 

IZrs. Mary Ilarmutiene reciter the "'^on^ of Lithuania". 

The declariutions and the son^'S v/ere highly apprecic^.te'] by t i-^ pao^'lt? at the i;ieetiri[ • 
Tv;elv3 meribers JoineJ the cociety, payin[-. sixty cents oi^ca* It r/as declJed to 
hold ine5tin|;^:s every aoi:th v;ith programs of .speeciies, soa.^C'f -x:!-:: declu.nations. .-.11 
Lithuanian men and v/ori'-^n, and even children c.ii b'.loii, !: : tius iitsr-Ar.' scoiet-'' c / 
Hiiyin.-. sixty cents a -/eur. I-y b >lon. in, '.o r liL i^o^it-rty, ;c ... ./ill 'i-we t.-jn Oo.jcr- 
tunity of leurninj_, to i^in^ , declairr.^ an i recite. 

iss yurv /'.ukstakulniite. 

(Trans, iyotej "^his societ/ v;a:5 a literarv soci'^t-/. The di^es v/ere sixt ^ cents :.)er 
year. It used to ^niblisn books and distribute tiier:: arnon the T.embers. It iias pub« 
li.hed many ^ooo book.^ on science, history, literature, etc.) 

II B 1 d 

II B 2 u 



Lietuva, Vol. XII, No. 42, Oct. 14, 1904. 

Sunday, Oct. 9, 1904, the Siaionas Daukantas Society held its 11th 
anniversary* At 3 o* dock in the afternoon the societies Enlighten- 
ment of Brothers, Liberty, Truth Seekers, Truth Lovers, Sons of 
Lithuania, and the Siinonas Daukantas accompanied by music marched 
to the Freiheit Turner Hall, 3417 S. Halsted St. 

Mr. Alex Bijanskas, president of the society, called the meeting to 
order, then the program started. 

First the choir of Dr. V. Kudirka's Society sang a song, "The Maiden,'* 
from the poem of S. Maironis. Mr. Clszewskis spoke. His theme was, 
'*Why our coming to this country." He asked what controls the world 
today. The money, that all are working for. All the inventions are 
made for the sake of money. For the sake of money wars are waged 
bringing about horrible human slaughter. 




Lietuva, Vol. XII, No. 42, Oct. 14, 1904* 

Not only money rules the world but rules heaven, too. TJhen you have 
no money you cannot get absolution. At the end of his long speech 
he said that only drunkenness can control the money. 

Miss Antanina Zimontas read the poem, "Lithuania, Awaken." Mr. V# 
Vabalas spoke on our educational needs. Only through education and 

unity vn.ll we obbaln a bet:i;er I\xzurc. He urged parents to give their 
children as much education as possible. 

Mr. A. Rudauskas spoke about the importance of such a celebration 
and the aims of the Siiuonas Daukantas to try having its celebrations 
yearly, often even with financial losses. The society has its own 
library of 400 books. 

A little girl, Anti^^ona Aukstakalniute, 9 years of age, and a boy, 
Ernestas Vosyliukas recited the declamation, "Hello Brother Singers." 

The audience applauded the two youthful speakers • 

- 3 - LITHUAIilAN 

Lietuva ^ Vol. XII, No. 42, Oct. 14, 1904, 

The four sisters Yovaisiute, Miss K. Xaminskiute and Miss V. Matuse- 
viciute sang the song, '^VVhei-e the Rippling Nemunas is Flo.ving," and 
"Adieu, Lithuania." Miss Mary Kasleriute recited the poem from the 
soldiers' appeal. 

Again the Dr. V. Xudirka Singers^ Society sang "Onyte," and "Thou, 
Lithuania," accompanied on the piano by Miss Aukstakalniute. 

Miss Anna Zimonciute recited a declamation, "The Remembering of the 
Olden Times." 

Many people did not come to this important celebration because the 
priest threatened the people with hell if they should come to this 

The Society of the Grand Duke Vytankas of Lithuania promised to 
participate in this celebration, but did not come. The society was 

> W Pi Q^ 


- 4 - 


Lietuva ^ Vol. XII, bio. 42, Oct. 14, 1904* 
soared by the threats of the priest. 

Even though the priest had ivarned the people not to come, the hall 
was filled with people. The society will make a fair profit. 

The celebration's secretary. 

IIL. J. Damijonaitis. 

II B 1 d 

I A 1 a 
I A 1 d 



Lie juva, Vcl . XI, i.o. 44, Oct. oC, 190o, 


^>» '. 


V-- . 


■'■' / 



Tii si:v-Oi".As dauxa':tas sccilty's bo::.tic:^ 

At the Si:.:cna3 DauJrantas Society' i ;;,T'3.rly celetrSit icn a ccllecticn v/as 
nade for the benefit cf the Aurora Society. They collected ;i8»c7. If 
all the societie.s at their meetings and banquets would renenber to 
m^.^ke cclle^^ticnn for the benefit of the Aurora Societ.y, v;iiose purpose 
is to help the ycunr Lithuanian students, it vrould be a great help* 

'.Ve have nany appealrj froi:i you-^";: Lithuanian students for help, but ^^e 
have no money to help then^ The collections can be nade anyv/here; A-e 
only need the v;ill« 

II B 1 d 

II B 2 a 
II D 1 

Lictuva, Vol. XI, i.o. 27, July 3, 1903* 



The Sir'onas Daukantas Society v.-lll hold a celebration of the birthday 
of Sir;ionas Daukantas and the iOth anniversary of tl:e existence of the 
ociety, on Sur-day, Oct. 25, at Freiheit Hall, 3417 S# I'alc ted St. 

Therefore, vie are uskin all the other societies not to have their 
banquets nor the':,tr:'.c.-?l cerfornances en that dav. Ihe Sir.onas Society 
invites all good Lithuanians to join this society. Ey belonging to it 
you }iave a double benefit. This society pays the same sick benefit 
as other societies, but it has its library. The nembers can get 
free books to read, v/hile all other societies rave no such library. 

The officials. 

II B 1 d 

II B 2 a 

il 3 2 d (1) 


Liebuva, Vol. IX, no. 7, Feb. 15, 1901, 


The Simonas Daukantas Society held its nectin;^' on Ja3iuary 6, 1901, 
ajid decided to have Lietuva as the or^an of t?ie society for the 
coming year. Therefore, all the members must pay the yearly sub- 
scription to the organ before the next meeting, which will be held 
on March 3. 

The society also decided to buy more books for the library. At the 
library are held the meetings of the society (3301 S. Morgan St») 
Every member of the society obtains free permission to read books; 
non-members pay 5 cents weekly for reading the books of our library. 

A. Bijanskas, Secretary 
3327 Auburn Avenue, Chicago. 

II 3 1 d 



Lietuva ^ Vol, VIT, No* 44, Nov. 3, 1899. 


Last Sunday our rector cursed and denounced the annual celebration given by 
the Simonas Daukantas Society in honor of its great patron and Lithuanian 
patriot. The priest said that the celebration is for the purpose of spread- 
ing infidelity. To say that a national festival is for the sake of infidel- 
ism is absurd and the Rev# Krawczunas has no grounds to prove his state- 
ment. \Yhen no one wants to fight against the priest, then the priest takes 
up a fight against those who are working for the benefit of their nation. 
The saying* is that "Not all the voices are going to God," so the Rev, Kraw- 
czunas' cursing will not reach God's ear. 

II B 1 d 

II E 2 a 



_LietwTO, Vol. VII, No. 37, Sept, 15, 1899. 



September 3, the Scientific Scxjiety of Simonas Daukantas held its monthly 
meeting at K. Liandanskas Rail; there it was decided to protest against 
the immoral condixjt of Rev* Krawczunas, iriio seized the society's library, 
by-laws, and all the other belongings, shamelessly wronged the society, 
stopped the enlightenment and confidence of the new members of the society* 
Now the society does not have one copy of its by-law^, bee&use the greedy 
priest gulped them up, and for this the society must bear resentment of 
its members who gave the money to make a new constitution. The society had 
about 500 volumes in the library, about 200 copies of the constitution, 
all the uniforms of ten marshalls and theatrical costumes. While the so- 
ciety belonged to the ch\a*ch, then as a matter of course, the library of 
the society was in the church hall, under the supposed supervision of Rev. 
Krawczunas. As long as the society held its celebrations in order to boost 
Rev. Krawczunas, everything was all right, but when the society stopped 
praising the priest, then the Rev. Krawczxmas expelled the society from 
the hall and seized its books and all its belongings. For seizing of the 

- 2 - 


Lietuva, Vol, VII, No. 37, Sept, 15, 1899 





\ '• ■ 

U.: - 

society's property, the society sued Rev» Krawczunas, and the coiirt ordered 
the priest to pay the society the sum of $181«75« But the Rev» Krawczunas 
refused to pay, and he appealed the case to the higher court, in order to 
weaken and stop the society from spreading the truth* 

This above mentioned damage to the society is not enough for the priest* In 
1897, urtien the floor of the church hall was rotten, the priest begged all 
the societies to help him to put ihe new floor in the hall. That in return 
for helping to repair the floor, ttie societies will be permitted to hold 
meetings free of charge, and for banquets and theatrical performances, $15« 
But the societies that will not help remodel the floor, will be charged 
$25 for concerts, banquets, etc. 

The Simonas Daukantas society accepted the priest's proposition and donated 
$50 for repairing of the floors, because we believed that our spiritual 
leader would stand by his word. Now you see how the priest keeps his given 
word. Not only does the priest does not permit us to hold the meeting, but 
he seized all the belongings of the society. 



Lietuva, Vol. VII, No. 37, Sept* 15, 1899. Z,^^- 

Iffhere is the justice of such a spiritual leader? The damage he is doing 
to Lithuanians, even the Russian gendarmes could not do. He sunk the church 
property into secret debts; he is doing his best to Polanize the Lithuanian 
children; he seized the scientific society's library and its by-laws; he 
wants to destroy ttie society, to stop the enlightenment of Lithuanians; he 
uses his confessional box to forbid the Lithuanians to read books in order 
to stop the enlightenment among them. For such a doggish work the priest 
is unworthy of a good man's name; he is the horror, and the enemy of Lithu- 

The Simonas Daukantas Society. 


II 3 1 d 

II B 2 a 


IV Lietuva, Vol. VII, No* 29, July 21, 1899. 


Last Monday there was a trial of Simonas Daukantas Society with Rev. Kraw- 
czunas, who seized the society's library, for which the priest now demands 
from the society |200. It was proved in the court that the society gave 
financial help to improve the hall, and that the priest approved the rights 
for the society to keep its library in the hall, and to hold meetings free 
of charge. The court fourd that the society should demand the money from 
the priest, but not the priest from the society, because the society gave 
money to improve the hall. The court decided that the priest had no rights 
to seize the society's property, and ordered the Rev. Krawczunas to return 
the library back to society. If the priest should refuse to return the books, 
then they must pay for the books and the court cost. We think that our 
priest was born under the wrong pleinet, because he has no success with his 
trials against us, Lietuva, and even against the society, and with such 
trials, the priest is losing his honor among the people and his parishioners. 


XI B 1 d 

n: B 2 d (1) LITHUANIAN 

II B 1 a 

I A 2 b Lietuvat Vol* Vlt No* 50, Dae* I6t 1898# 




The Rev* Urn Krawczunas having personal animosity against the publisher of 
Lietuvat Mr* A* Olszewskif because he blames the former for keeping up the 
Polish school in the Lithuaniein parish and for the deficit in the parish 
budget, is trying to expel lir* Olszewski from the society* 

The readers have reaa in the last issue of Lietuva the complaint against 
Olszewskif written by Rev* Krawczunas to the Simonas Daukantas and St* 
Casimir societies* The complaint of Rev* Krawczunas was rejected by both 
societies* Now the priest is trying another intrigue to expel Olszewski 
from those societies* The priest hired three of his ignorant followers, 
who are members of Simonas Daukantas Societyt and sent them to ^t the 
signatures of members to call an extra meeting* These three members 
obtained six signatures, and the other six names the priest signed him- 
self* Now then, according to the by-laws of the society, ten members 
can call the extra meeting, so the meeting was called on Sunday, Dec* 11 
to expel Olszewski from the society* 



LletuvR , Vol. VI, No. 50, Deo. 16, 1898. 

The administration of the society foresaw the intrigue of the priest, 
who provoked a disturbance and a fight at a national celebration In 
the past, so they thought the priest and his thugs might start a fight 
at this meeting too, so the administration brought police to the meeting. 
When the president called the meeting to order, the priest asked what 
the meeting was called for. Some of those present said that they knew 
nothing, while others said that they never signed their names, that 
their signatures were forged* When Rev. Krawczunas saw that the meeting 
would be dissolved as Illegal, he pulled from his pocket the charter 
and shouted t "I am the master here." At once the priest jumped behind 
the table, and tried to expel the administration. The priest's followers 
at once Joined the commotion, started to swear and shout, so that it 
was Impossible to understand what was said. The police were watching 
that there should be no fight. So the meeting was closed. 

All left the hall, except the priest, who with few of his followers 
remained in the hall. Behind closed doors, the priest held his own 
meeting, elected a new administration, and told hie Ignorant followers 


1 Lletuva . Vol. VI^ No. 50, Dec. 16, 1898. 

that he would take away from the society the books, budget » and the charter, 
and those who are against him would be kicked out of the society. 

Therefore, we, the administration of the Simonas Daukantas Society, are 
standing for Justice and for the good of our society, which as a national 
and scientific namet are protesting against such shameless conduct of the 
Rev. Krawczunas. We are asking the priest to stop intriguing in the 
societies, and spreading hatred among Lithuanians. Instead of inducing 
hate among the Lithuemians, the priest would act more prudently if he 
expelled the Polish nuns from the Lithuanian school, quit feeding them 
with Lithuanian money and watch the altar, from which you have exhorted 
us since you came from Russia. 

The Administration of Simonas Daukantas Society. 

II B 1 d 




Lleturat Tpl« Vlt No# 42, Oct. 21, 1898« 


In Chloago there is the so called soientif io society under the name of 
Simonas Daukantas> and every year it holds a celebration with music and 
lectures in the memory of Simonas Daukantas* As in the past years, this 
year too, the society decided to have its annual celebration, but Rev« 
Krawczunas got scared that at such a meeting the parishioners might start 
to discuss the condition of the parish budget and the affairs of school* 
When the society's committee went to the priest to get his permission 
to use the parish hall for this annual celebration, the priest at once 
demanded to be shown the program and wanted to know who the speakers were 
going to be and that he would permit to have only such speakers as he 
wanted, while other speakers would be chased out* Then the society held 
its extra meeting, in order to elect the speakers by the majority vote. 
But on this meeting Rev« Erawcsunas came with his followers* They started 
the clamor, cursing, shrieking, spitting, and set at variance against 
each other, shut off the lights, then the priest •s servants started the 
fight, and the meeting was broken* Such was the end of the scientific 
society's ai^ual celebration meeting. This is the fine moral propagator,-. 

that priest. In the next issue of our paper we will tell more about this 


1 d 

III B 3 a 


2 a 


2 f 



I C 



Lletiwa. Vol* III, No* 45, Not* 9, 1895 


Our sooiety is growing fastt we had seventy members # and on the last aieet* 
ing f orty-seTen new members Joined our sooiety* We have (328«02 in our treasuryt 
and the libraxy is worth |150«00 • a total $478 •02« The library oontains one 
hundred and sixty volumes* 

At the last meeting the sooiety members approved to have a dootor for the 
sooiety at the monthly pay of t3«00« 

On November 3 the sooiety oelebrated the birthday of Simonas Daukantas 
idiioh tall on the 26th day of Ootober* There were speeohes and deolamations# 
The Lithuanian band played beautiful melodies; the Lithuanian ohoir sang national 
and popular songs • 

All the speakers urged that we Lithuanians eduoate ourselves # because 
eduoation will uplift us to a better life; educated Lithuanians will have better 
Jobs; will have a larger axid better Lithuanian business; will have more euid 
better educational books; will have more Lithuanian schools* In this free country 


Llatttva > Vol# Hit No# 45t Noy# 9t 1895 

of Aaerioa ne Lithuanians oan reflioh higher ideals and oulturat and only thent oan 
we show ourselTes to other nationalities that we are Just as good aji people of 
any other nationalit3r# 

K# PooiuSf seoretary 

V II B 1 d 
II B 2 d 
II B 2 a 
II B 2 f 
II D 1 


LITHPAlHiUf ('2 ^H 

Uetirra ^ Vol* III, No« 41, Oot# 12, 1895 

The Slmonas Daukantas Society is the youngest society in Chioago» but 
its neabership passed the older sooieties* At every meeting iie:are getting 
new members* 

At the meeting of Ootober the 6th the society members decided to have 
Lietuva as an organ of our society* Every member will pay 25 cents per month 
to the society t and the society will subscribe to Lietuva for its members* 


This society not only cares about the mutual sick benefit and the 
funeral expenses t but 6tlso looks for the enlightenment of its members* We have 
a libraxyt irixere every Lithuanian can go to read books and the newspapers free 
of charge* 

Our society presented a few theatrical spectacles and will present more* 
The society is only two years oldt but already has two hundred and fifty dolleurs 
in its treasuxyt and the library is worth over one hundred dollars* 



Uatujat Oot# 12, 1895 

Hhen our aooiety has more members and larger budget. It will then establish 
a Lithuanian sohool# As our society has cultural aims, for this reason, many 
new members are Joining this society on every meeting* 



r --'.. 

II B 1 d 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 2 a 


Llqtttva* Vol. Ill* No* 28, July 13, 1895 



July 7t Sunday f the Simonas Daukantas soolety held its meeting* Four- 
teen nembere Joined our aooiety* Every one knows that this sooiety is better 
than any other 0o6iety« Ifembers of this sooiety not only get siok benefitf but 
the most important for its members and for the Lithuanians t is the sooiety *& 
libraxyt irtiere everyone oan get to read books on eill subjeots* 

On this meetizig was Dr« Stupnickist from Shenandoah* Pa* We knew the 
dootor*s ability as a theatrieal performer t so the meeting decided to perform 
a playt "The Krasiai Uasaaore** Dr« Stupnlokis willingly eigreed to coach the 


Te are asking young men and girls t go to see Dr« Stupnlokis and see trtiat ^ 
part you could take in the play* This is very important performance* Lithuanians 
do your best to produce this great spectacle* 

J* AleksandrawicziuSf president* 

II D 1 

Ll0tuva # Vol* III» No* 10$ Uaroh 9, 1695 


Up to the present tins we had no siok benefit for the aembers of oar 
sooiety* The laonthly dues were 15 oents* Even some of oar oim members objected 
to paying monthly duesf beoause our sooiety had no siok benefit fund# In 
order to satisfy everybody wo will now have a siok benef itt too* Ihe initiation 
fees will be one dollar and khe monthly dues fifty cents* 

We will keep our library beoause we believe that to abolish the librazy . 
would be a suicide* We are sorry to say that our other sooieties do not con- 
tribute axiything to our library* It is very easy forsooieties to donate a few 
dollars for such a great and important cause as a library* We like to make 
our library one of the greatest in the country* 

nie Society's Offioicds^ 

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II B 2 a 

II D 1 
I A C 



Lletuva^ Vol* Hit No* 7t Fab* 16 1 1695 


We have in Chloago seven Lithuanian sooletles of men and two sooleties 
of iR)]iieB« Eaoh and evexy one of those sooleties are alike* But the sooiely 
of Simonas Daakantas is entirely different* The main prinoiple of sooleties 
is to pay five dollars per neek to their siok menbers and nothing more* But 
the sooiety of Simonas Daukantas has ai different purpose* It does not oare 
muoh about an expensive f una rait but the sooiety *s main duty is to give 
more to its members than five dollars per ireek iriien you are siok* Suoh a 
siok benefit always expires with the funeral* 

Our sooiety' s aim is to educate and uplift from misery the poor Lithu* 
aniens uriio had no eduoatlont who oannot even read or sign their names* Our 
effort is to eduoate Lithuanians so that they oan go forward with other 
cultured nations t that they would not be behind other nationalities* For 
this reason this sooiety has its libraryt and though the library is small 
we believe that we are doing a great eduoational work among our brother 
Lithuanians* The library will be improved* We are getting more books and 
Lithuanian newspapers* Later on we will establish a sohool to teaoh the 
Lithuanians the English language 6uid other eduoational subjects* Education 


Lletuvat Peb# l6t 1895 

never dies* Parents will leave their education to their ohildren* Only through 
educatlont we can put our Llthuaxiiane on a solid ground* Therefore # we are 
saying that the education Is more Inrportant them the five dollars per week 
of sick benefit t and the expensive funerals* This Is the purpose that our 
society stands for* 

We are asking our Lithuanians to Join this educational society* Through 
enlightenment and education we will uplift ourselves and our children for a 
better life* Before t aaay Lithuanians objected to Joining our society* They 
said that there were many Infidels* We had a few infidels § but now they are 
stricken out of our society* Now all members are good Catholics* No danger 
in Joining our society now* 











Offlolals of Slmonas Daukantas Sooiety* 

II B 1 d 

I 2 


" m ^ 



Lletuvat Vol* II, lie. 33, June 9, 1394 

ACTP/irr OF 3I!jon;u3 dauiluitas so::izTy 

It Y/as mentioned in !To« 31 of Lietuva tiio.t there vrac a split in the 6:o- 
ciety. There v/ere tyro distinct parties, one v^anted to belong to the Catholic 
church, not to go against the Catholic religion, not to kec^p books in the 
librari^ against religion or priests. 

The revv':rend Kranczunas T/ro'':e a letter to all the Lithuanian societies, 
that if ajxy society does not vmnt to belong to the Cau::ollc church, v/ill refuse 
to support the church or priest, or if such a society v/ill keep such members 
vA\o refuse to support tho Qatholic church and priest, and v/ho v/ill not go to 
confession, such society vdll be dii' criminated against i^^r the church and cannot 
hold meetings in the church hall» 

At this meeting the infidels demanded the return of their paid dues, vrhile 
other infidels agreed to remain in the society ana go to corJ? ession«"e will see 
if they really go to confession. 



good thing that such members v/^r"e dismasoed from the society. 

II B 1 d 

I B 4 

^ -• 

Uatttva . Vol« lit No. 2l« Vky 26, 1894 

LimUAHlAN (1) 

WPA(!Ll.)PROI 30275 

Dear Editor: 

^ We will say a few words about our society of Simonas Daukantas* This 
society was organized by the Reverend Burba» who two years ago came from 
Plymouthf Pa«f to visit Chicago* At the beginning this society was organ- 
ized by Rev« Burba on the Catholic principles* But now some well known 
"szliuptarniai" are trying to destroy our society* 

(Translator's note: • Ssliuptarniai is the nickname of Dr« Szliupas* 
followers, a freethinker yrho lived in Shenandoaht Pa# At that time Dr« 
Ssliupas fought a bitter war against the Catholic priests for their 
exploitation of the unenlightened Lithuanians* At that time any man was 
called "szliuptarnls* when he said something against the priest; it made 
no difference if he was a follower of Dr# Szliupas or not* Any men who 
were against the priestst the priests nicknamed as "sxliuptarniai" «- 
szliuptarniai, plural; szliuptarnist singular* The Catholic women used 
to scare their children with Dr« Szliupas' name - as a bogy man.) 

II B 1 d 

I B 4 

Uetttvat Hay 26« 1894 


When this society was organized the constitution and by-leors were 
written. According to the rules and regulations before the constitution 
could be adopted by the society* the constitution must be approved by our 
priest* We we gave the constitution to our priest Erawcsunas for approval* 
The Rev« Erawczunas added to the constitution that there should not be 
any anti •religious books in the library of the Sinonas Daukantas societyt 
that every member of the society must be a church member and go to con-» 

And loi when we read the priest's suggestion to our constitution the 
"szliuptarnial* Jumped up and began to denounce it by saying that tliis 
country is not Russia* V/e can have in our library any kind of books we 
wantf and that we do not need to be forced to become church members and 
to go tip confession* 

On this question that the members of this society must go to confessiony 
and what kind of books we can have in our library only four voted against 
the confession on the first meeting* At the second meeting* ag€d.n only four 
voted against the confession eaul church membership* 

II B 1 d 

I B 4 

LletttTa . Ifay 26» 1894 


WPA (ILL) PROJ. 302/5 

Iherefore we are glad that the "8zliupt5u>Diai" lost; othenrise they 
would have packed our library with "szlittptarniai" literature* They would 
have had a ohanoe to oritiolze religion and even to kill the priest* 

The four members were strioksn out of our society* 

Nowt thank 6od« we are saved* 

Members of the Society of Simonas Daukantas. 

II B 1 d 
II B 2 b 

II B 2 a 

III B 2 
II B 2 g 


WPA (iLL)PROJ. 30276 

Id etava. 'Vol. It No* 49» Deo. 16* 1893 


Deoember 10* a meeting was held by the sooiety of Simonas Daukantas* 
the oonstltutlon was adopted* and after many dlsoussions the meeting deoided 
upon the following principles: 

1. To spread education among Idthuanians* to teaoh the Lithuanian ^lan- 
guage* to propagate Lithuanian literature. 


2m To establish a library t to keep all kiods of Llthuanicoi books cmd 
newspapers f and also books in other languages* 

3* The society will celebrate all national holidays t and will present 
theatrical plays • 


4# The society will take part in spiritual and material activities* 


II B 1 d 
II B 2 b 

II B 2 a 

III B 2 
II B 2 g 

LIfflUANIAH (2) 

WPA (ILL) fROi mjb 

etuva. Deo* I6t 1893 

5* The sooie-^ will taks part in i^riocm and European polities* 

6* The society will oolleot relies for the Lithuanian MttseuA* 

7# The society will help those Lithueoiiaxis who are seeking hi^er 

8« The society will Join the Lithuanian Catholic Alliance of Americat 
and will never participate in any action against the Catholic 
religion* (Trans* note: « The society still existSt now as a 
liberal society, and does not participate in nor supports any 
religious activities*) 

II B 1 d LimPANIAH (3) 

II B 2 b 

II Ti ^ ^ 

III B z ^^^''^ OU.:) PHOj 3027: 

II B 2 g 
' • Lletuva ^ Deo» 16* 1893 

Any Lithuanian of good morals and manners t and who is over sixteen 
years of age, oan Join this sooiety« 

All money from dues and donations will be used for the library of 
Lithuanian literature* The initiation fee is fifty oents* Monthly dues 
are fifteen oents« 

Any member of this society may be fined or expelled from the society 
for cuiy bad manners or bad activities* 

Sick members must be visited by society members* and given spiritual 
and material aid« 

At every meeting of this society scientific questions must be brought 
for discussion and for proper explanation* 

II B 1 d 
II B 2 b 

II B 2 a 

III B 2 
II B2 g 

Lletttva. Deo. I6t 1893 


WPA (III) PHoi mm 

J* Eolesinskis gave one book* History of the Char oh ; the Idthuanian 
Catholio Allianoe of Amerioa gave one book* History of Europe , emd another* 
The Manners of Anolent Lithuanians, of Sanogltlans emd Mountaineers * 

Also Mr. M. Nomeskls* who has a large book store in Tllzen Ost* Germany, 
donated sixteen 'ooples of yeurious books* 

II B 1 d 


Liotuva, Vol, I, No. 45, Nov. 18, 1893 



Last Sunday a nesting was held at Azukas Hall, 3301 Auburn avonue« There 
vras orr;:anized a ne/r ^' oiety under the name of Simonas Daukantas* Thirteen 
members joined this new society^ 

Tlie officers of the society of Simonas Daukantas v/ere elected as follows: ' 

Dr. Kadis, president 

?• liikolainis, vice-president 

K» Pocius, secret arj^ 

S« Dargev/iczia, financial secretary 

K« Azukas, treasurer^ 



II B 2 a 

Uetttva^ Vol# I» No* 41, Oot« 2l» 1893 


Ihe Chloago Lithuanieuifi wanted to orgcoiize a new sooiety under the 
nane of Simonae DaukantaSf for the purpose of establishing a Lithuanian 
librcuryt so that the Chioago lithueoiians oould get books to read free* 

Suoh a library is very essential to the Llthuemians of Chioago* Uany 
Lithuanians waste their time in saloons drinking* gambling and fighting* 
When we have a Lithuanian libraryt many suoh Lithuanicuis no doubt will 
Improve themselves by reading good books* 

» • 

There will be a meetingt Ootober 22* 3301 Auburn avenue, Azukas* hallt 
at 1 o'olook afternoon* 

All Lithuanians ought to go to this important meeting* We must get 
at least thirty members to organize a literary sooiety in order to establish 
a Lithuanian library* 

II B 1 d 


Lietuva , Oct. 14, 1893. 


In these days a priest named Burba has come to Chicago from Pl3nnouth, Penn- 
sylvania. This priest Burba's mission Is to organize Chicago Lithuanians into 
the Lithuanian Alliance of America. A meeting was held in St. George's Hall. 

The Reverend Mr. Burba delivered a lecture on Lithuanianism# He told the :E 

audience that if the Lithuanians belonged to one organization such as the > 

Lithuanian Alliance of America, they would accomplish great things, because ^ 

the Lithuanian Alliance of America prints books aoid gives them free to all its XT 

members. The priest said that the LithusiniaiB as workingmen cannot buy every ^ 

book nor subscribe to every newspaper, but that we can get books and news- S 

papers if we will organize in one society which sponsors the publication of ^ 

books. 5? 

You Chicago Lithuanians can organize the Simonas Daukantas Literary Society and 
then join the Lithuanian Alliance of America, establish a library, subscribe 
to all Lithuanian newspapers, and buy books, and you may then read all kinds 



11 B 1 d - 2 - LITfflJANIAN 

Lietuva, Oct. 14, 1893. 

of literature free. By doing this you will improve yourselves in culture and 
in good manners* 

Ihis year is the hundredth year since the death of Simonas Daukantas, the 
greatest Lithuanian historian. We must hold meetings and lectures in memory 
of Simonas Daukantas and organize literary societies in his name. We Lithuanians > 
must show that we understand and appreciate the deeds of our literary men, such 2 
as Simonas Daukantas. -=l 


After the Reverend Mr. Burba's lecture a committee was elected to organize ^ 
the Simonas Daukantas Literary Society. o 

Committee ^^ 

II B 1 d 
II B 2 f 
II B 2 d (1) 



Lietuva, Vol# I, No. 3» Deo. 24, 1692 

(Lithuanian Soienoe Society) 

On Deoember 17th the monthly meeting was held at 311 77. I8th St. President 
J. Grinius called the meeting to order* Secretary Masionis read the minutes. 

All members of this society vere v ry glad of the newly born Lithuanian 
newspaper Lietuva in Chicago. ^ 

A question v;as brought before the meeting as to how to establish an evening 
school for Lithuanians* It was Sfiid,thf\t in such a large city as Ghioago, we 
must have four evening schools* It was decided that Lithuanians ought to have 
at least two evening schools. A committee was elected to find favorable place 
to open an evening sohojl for Lithuanians* 

Lithuanian Science Society 



■> S- 

u' ,- *'-, %-^ .^ :•. - -fc -'■ y ^ '^ 1. . ■* 

' r.'* . ' ' '. •' . lor ■' .-» 



■ V 





^j»: ' -'■ 

* ->; 

»' <. 

,' >-■ 



;>,« ".y- 

B. Avocational and J-ntellectual 
1. Aesthetic 
e. Literature 





II D 1 

rv N^mjianos , Feb. 7, 1916. 


Cn January 30 the Gedininas society lield its annual noeting in the a?. 3hedvilas 
Hall, 241 Kensington Avenue. .^ letter received ■.'rorii an authorized co:Tmittee 
of the ^ir-iith District of the Lithuanian Socialist ;jLliance v;as read to the 5 
members. It concerned our ailing pla^nvright, Bruno Vargsas. 2 

The Society resnonded -.varmly to the plea for donations by votin('; to give ten £1 

dollars froir. the treasure Besides this, donations v.ere collected airiong the "o 

mar^bers. The following membei-s contributed: /Iditor's note: Here follavs £ 

the list of names of those contributing, and the araounts^ Trie total col- co 

lected was v22.£5. "^ 

A. Grebelis v;as appointed to deliver bhe donations. Societies, do not forget 
our distinguished v/riterl 



C; '■ • •' y: 


II B 2 d (5) 

I G Lietuva , Jan. 24, 1913. 

IV .-- 

LufH US I]IGIi:::;;^E LITHILJil.uI LITjIi^ATURE /o^ 

\'am ]?IIJE LITERARY •j.oii^s (J ivi.^ 

K. Jurgelionis '^Vir„^. 

V/e Lithuanians lack translations of the bast literar:: productions of the world's 
famous writers. Since the time of our --vriter, Y. Kudir'ca, we have not trans- 
lated or published any literature from other languages. Seeing the lack of 
such literature, I have translated Shakespeare's ^l^lacbeth" into Lithuanian, 
retaining the idiom of the original language. I thought that in some way I 
would be able to find a publisher, although up to the present, I have been un- 
able to find one. I have decided to publish it myself in order to add this 
beautiful literary romance to Lithuanian literature. I hope that those who like 
classical literature, will help me to publish it. Before publication the price 
of the book will be fifty cents — after publication, seventj^-five cents. If the 
Lithuanians approve my project to publish 'luacbeth," then v;e will be able to 
add a good literary ;vork to our Lithuanian literature to fill a much needed gap. 

II B 1 e LITHll^ TLAlT 

Lietuva , Oct, 8, 1909. 


The famous Lithuanian short story writer, Ft. Sliburis, came to Chicago a few 
days ago and plans to reside here permanently* Like most of the great Lithuanian 
leaders, Mr. Sliburis is a self-made man, that is, he did not acquire his educa- 
tion in school, but by actual experience in life, while living among the common 
Lithuanian people. 

II B 1 e 

III B 2 


Lietuva, Oct, 25, 1907 


The 129th branch of the Lithuanian Alliance of Anerica held its 
meeting on October 13th. At this meeting Ivlr. Juo Zapaitis delivered 
a short talk about the literary work of Dr. V. Xudirka, which is 
to be published. The speaker explained what benefit it would be to 
the Lithuanian nation to publish such valuable v/ritings, etc. 

A collection was made; there was collected $7 for the publication 

F. A. Jozopaitis. 



Lietuva , Apr. 12, 1907 • 


The Lovers of the Fatherland Society has accomplished a ciC'^i^'^i^^ task in spread- ^ 

inr enli-chtenment by the publication of scientific books. The pui'pose of this ^ 

Society is "Co distribute its books free amonG the poor people in Lithuania and ^ 

to collect TiOney for poor Lithuanian students v;ho cannot complete their educa- ^ 

tion v;ithout help, Nov/ that the press in Lithuania v;as restored, nany educa- 5§ 

tional and literary, societies have been organized there, and there is a £-reat 2 

demand for scientific books* The Lovers of the Fatherland Society have sent ^ 

many books to Lithuania, but the demand for such books is still c^^^'t* 15iere- J^ 
fore it is the duty of every Lithuanian to join this literary organization, 
the Lovers of the Fatherland Society, and to help the Society publish more 
scientific books and distribute then among poor Lithuanians in i\nerica and in 

The Chicago Lithuanians can join the nineteenth branch of the Lovers of the 

II B 1 e - 2 - LITHa\ITL\IT 

rii H 

Lietuva , Apr. 12, 1907 • 

Fatherland Society. This branch v/ill hold its meeting on the 14th of April 
at 3 P. i:. in Rugis Hall, at the corner of 55rd and Lorgan Streets. All 
Lithuanians, nen and v/onen, should come to the meeting and join this Society F 
to help us rouse Lithuanians from their lethargy. Let us spread enlightenment ^ 

and education among our ignorant brothers! S 


B. Galskis ^ 

Secretary, Braixch Nineteen -5 

■l, • ,' f ■ 

■ ■■ '^'<-. 




r . . ■ 4l-^'iS-' 

■* ?■■■ ^*.r.:' 

S.T . . " .... 

> . ■ 4 ■ ■ • 


B. A.vocQtional and Intellectiial 
2. Intellectual 
a. Libraries 

■ I.:'.' ■'- 

m ■ 

y J ,1 . 


II B 2 a 

II B 2 f 

II B 2 d(2) Yilnis . Jan. 26, 1926. 




The annual meeting of representatives of the various societies v;hich 
maintain the Ausra ^a\m/ Lithuanian Library in Roseland, 111., was held 
on Jan, 12, new officers elected were: 

M. Uznaris, president and T* Tamasauskas, secretary • 

The financial secretary reported there is I4C0.C0 in the treasury. 

Four benefit programs and performances to raise more funds for the 
library have been planned. The committee in charge is headed by 

11. Danyla. 

It was decided to send letters of appreciation to the joublishers of 
those publications v/hich are being sent to the library free of charge. 
The library receives copies of almost all Lithuanian nevjspapers and 
magazines that are being published in America and in Lithuania.. 


II B 2 a - 2 - 

II B 2 f 

Vilnis, Jan. 26, 1926. 

A large nuriber of Lithuanian books, both educational and fictional, war 
recently imported fron Lithuania. Patrons of the library are pleased 
with these books especially residents of Chicago proper. 

A representative of the local Lithuanian branch of the American Labor 
Party asked for permission to conduct a class in the study of the English 
language in the library once each v/eek. Permission was granted. 


The library is open every day from 8:00 a. m. to 10:00 p. m. and is free 
to all Lithuanians. Books may be read in the library or they may be 
taken home on a deposit basis. 


• II B 2 a LITHUAimiN 

Vilnis, Jan. 27, 1925. wy.*,-'' . .-^'io .-o 


A long needed library for Chicago Lithuanians will open its doors on 
February 1, 1925, under the supervision of the First District of the 
Lithuanian-American V/orkers* Society, 

This library will contain all newspapers, books, domestic and foreign 
publications in English, Lithuanian and Russian languages. 

Such work needs lots of money for books, fixtures, etc. Therefore, the 
First Dictrict of the Lithuanian-American \Vorkers* Literary Society 
appeals to all com3?ades and their societies for financial help. If any- 
one has any old books, magazines, etc., please contribute them to this 
Library. Library is located at 3115 S* Halsted Street, Vilnis Building. 

For all necessary information communicate with V. V. Vasys, 3116 S« 
Halsted Street. 

II B 2 a U TIV:^!^' 

Lietuva, : ay 31, 1017- 

Tlie Lcard of uiroctors of the ^ide Litliuanian lublic Library iield a 
meeting lact v;eel: at v/LicIi it ^as _x^2;crtud tliat a donation of tv/enty-iive 
dollars Tor the u_heep of the library had ^ocen :*;jceivod fron tlie local 
Dr. 7. Iludirha Jociety, This Society is one of aevoral local Lithuanian 
orG;.ni.:ations that are wUprortin,: the library. 


A decision v/as Made at the i.ijetinc; to add nev;3papcrs printed in the l^ssian, 
lolish and Jr^Lich lanciu yes to the library • 2Iiug Tar, ne'^.spapers in the ^ 

Lithii..nian only ^ore av...ilable at the librar^'. ^ 


II B 2 a 



II Dl 

III B 2 Lletuva , Mar* 9, 1917# 


Delegates of those Lithuanian organizations which support and maintain the 
Lithuanian Public Library on the West Side held a meeting in the J* Mikalunas ^ 
Hall* A full report was made at the meeting on the financial c^^dition -r? 
of the library* It is apparent from the report that the Lithuanians of the ,^ 
West Side are enthusiastically supporting the library and that they are making p 
good use of it* ^ 

So far a total of $382«93 has been contributed toward the support and main<- 
tenance of the library* Total expenditures for the improrement and upkeep ^ 
of the library hare amounted to $203*50* This leaves a balance of $179*43 
in the treeusury* 

The extent of the use of the library by the Lithuanians of the West Side was 
also reported* Records show that during the past year the library was 
visited by 705 men and 132 women* Altogether 90 people borrowed 118 books 



— J 

II B 2 a 

II D 1 

III B 2 

- 2 - 

Lletuva, Mar» 9, 1917. 


to take homOy read, and return* However, in comparison, the total number of 
Lithuanians who have made use of the library this year is twenty-five per cent 
less than that of last year« The organizations which maintain the library 
could incaraase the library patronage among the Lithuanians by the publication 
of a list of the books which may be obtained from the library* Furthermore 
constant improvements must be made if the library is to hold the interest of 
the patrons* 

l\vo more Lithuanian organizations have recently joined in the maintenance 
of the library* !niey are the Dr* Vincas Eudirka Society, and the Tiventy- 
Second Branch of the Lithuanian Socialist League* Now that the group which 
supports the library is enlarging, greater improvements and a more prosperous 
future for the library may be anticipated* The library is located at 2336 
South Leavitt Street* It is open to the public daily from 7 F*M* to 10 P*M*; 
on Sundays it is open from 3 P*H* to 7 P*H« Books and various newspapers may 
be read without charge* 







II B 2 a 


II D 1 

I B 1 Lietuva, Jan. 28, 191^. ^ 

I C /'-:■ 


A Member 

Local Lithuanians knov/ that we have the Lithuanian Public Library here. 
It seems that there is no necessity to vrrite about it. "Ivery one has the 
opportunity to read books and newspapers durinr: the library hours. This 
library has not been in existence a long time — not yet one year — and there- 
fore does not have many books; nor does it have mone^'' to buy more, and very 
few people have donated books to it. 

Recently, the Farmers of Lithuania Society of the West Side, Chicago, do- 
nated fifty volumes of books to our library. The library board is very 
thankful to the Farmers of Lithuania Society for this big donation. At the 
same time, we appeal to individuals and societies to donate to our library — 
the Lithuanian Public Library of Cicero — books for vjhich they have no further 

)■■ r ! 





A# Samoshka, 

1213 South 48th Court, 

Cicero, Illinois. 

/• \ 


II B 2 a - 2 - LITHUAMIA^J 

II D 1 

13 1 Lietuva , Jan. 28, 1916. - • „r / 

I c -;. y 

V/e are living in a free country. Therefore, let us use the freedom, •— - 
Instead of establishing saloons and supportin^^ then, let us establish li- 
braries. The Lithuanian Public Library of Cicero, was established by a 
few enli{Thtened Lithuanian young men. The growth of this library will de- 
pend on the good will of the people. If there can be found enough people 
to support it, then our librar^r will grow. ".Ve hope that Lithuanians vdll 
not forget, and that they will extend their helping hands to this institu- 
tion of enlightenment. 

P. S. Send the books to this address: 


II 3 1 d 

III B 2 Lietuva , Jan. 28, 1915. 
II D 1 




The Lithuanian .'/est Side Public Library gave a benefit r^erfornance on January 
23 at Meldazis Hall. Mr. S. Biezis, a student of :riedicine, a speech on 
libraries and the benefits of enlightenment, /ifter the s^oeech, The Lovers 
of ..:ot lerland Society, Branch 28, presented t?;o plays: ''One of Us Must Get 
laarried,^' and "The imave'^ 

Local Lithuanians are payings; very little attention tc the support of this 
library, judging frci the small attendance. The Lithuanian Library v;ill have 
a deficit frcm this T^erformance, 

Q ^M oj • 

* C»' 

II 3 2 a li':.T]i::j:iai: 

lietuva, .^pr. 9, 1915, 

LI'i:iIL.j:i^y BC0rL3 HI lUBLIC LIBH^RY 

In the Stanford Park branch of the Ghicaco Public Library there is nov/ a 
niJinber of books in the Lithuanian lancua^e. Patrons of the library can read 
the books free of char£:e. The books can also be taken heme in accordance 
v;ith-the rules and reculations of the Chicago Public Library. 

II B 2 a 



II B 1 a ■ .. . 

I B 1 Lietuva, Jan, 29, 1915, . .:« ';;\ 


A social for the benefit of the recently established Cicero Lithuanian Li- 
brary was held on January 16 in Cicero, 111. In spite of the inclement 
weather, a fairly large crowd attended. Intoxicating drinks were not sold 
or served at the social, and it appears that the people did not even miss 
them. That is a very good sign I 

The Lithuanians in Cicero are showing much interest in the Library, which 
is still in the process of organization. The Cicero Lithuanian orchestra, 
under the leadership of Mr. J. Balakas, furnished the music for the above- 
mentioned social without charge. In this matter, the members of the orches- 
tra indirectly donated a large sum of money for the Library. 

A collection for the Library fund was made among those who were present at 
the social. LIr. Brazauskas donated six dollars; others donated smaller am- 
ounts. The collection netted a total of $21.65. Besides these donations, 
a net profit of $21.40 was realized from door receipts and from the sale of 


II B 2 a 
II B 1 a 
I B 1 

- 2 - 

Lietuva, Jan, 29, 1915, 


refreshments at the socials 

A large and valuable donation v/as made by Vx. Lemontas, who donated ten 
dollars worth of books to the Library. 

Members of the Library committee are very grateful to all those who have 
contributed in any way to the Library Fund. Plans are being made to hold 
another benefit social in the near future. 

All those who wish to join the Library Society can do so by paying an in- 
itiation fee of fifty cents; dues are ten cents per month. 

It is believed that it v/ill be possible to open the Library to the public 
in the near future. 

x J 



II B 2 a ^ ' 

II B 2 f 

II D 10 Naujienos, Jan. 12, 1915, 


p*3......7e all have heard many times about the existence of the Lithuanian 

Library and Heading Room in Roseland, 111. Many of us have visited the library 
and derived more or less benefit from it. 

Hence, it should be inportant for us to learn with what purpose and under what 
conditions che library was organized and sustained. 

It will soon be two years since the library was established under the name of 
"Ausra"(The Dawn), at 10090 S. Michigan Ave., on top of Baker's Pharmacy. The 
idea was originated by a group of young Lithuanian men and businessmen with the 
most lofty intentions. They hoped that the establishment and maintenance of this 
idea would become an obligation of local organizations and individuals. 

Iftich time has passed, but local organizations have shown very little interest in 
the library. The library, hiving many expenses, allowing readers to read the 




i - 2 - (!^ 


Nau.iienos % Jan. 12, 1915. 

books gratis, and without support from organizations, was unable to maintain itself 
Therefore, in order to provide at least some income for the continuance of the 
library it was decided to conduct evening classes of instruction in the study 
of the English and Lithuanian languages. The classes attracted a large following 
and provided sufficient income to pay all expenses and conduct a splendid library. 
But with the advent of the present hard times the number of students has greatly 
diminished and the income is new insufficient to cover expenses. Therefore, 
the library cannot exist any longer, because it is unable to make ends meet. 

The founders of the library, those who have established it on non-partisan lines 
for the benefit of all Lithuanians, hereby make another appeal to local 
organizations and individuals to come forward and make a united effort to save the 
library. All societies are requested to discuss this important matter at their 
meetings and select delegates to attend a general conference which will be called 
shortly to decide whether or not the library is to remain open. It is hoped that 
the heads of our organizations will not fail to heed this appeal. 


II B 2 a 
I A 3 

Naujienos , Jan. 6, 1915. 


p. 2.... A Lithuanian Library Club is being organized by the Lithuanians in 
Cicero J 111. The movement soarted slowly but is na9^ steadily increasing in 
momentuni. The first organizational meeting was attended by only five people, 
but now we have over fifty active members. 

V/e are anxious to interest all Cicero Lithuanians in this important work. V/e 
plan to secure a modern collection of books, magazines and newspapers, and rent 
suitable quarters where our people can profitably spend tneir spare moments. 

The next meeting of the club v/ill be held Jan. 7 at Brazauskas Hall, 1410 So. 
49th Ave. All Lithuanians are invited to attend this meeting and work together 
for the educational uplift of our people. 




I C 



Lietuva, .mq. 14, 1914* 


The directors of the Chicago Public Library inaugurated a new foreign- 
language section last Llonday nigjit. It is trae there were books in 
foreign lanf^uages in the Library before, but they v/ere not arranged in 
a separate section. Many of the languages were poorly represented. For 
instance, it was difficult to find anything in the Lithuanian section 
besides the dictionary published by the Lietuva— and only one part of 
that. Now, all books in foreign languages will be placed in a special 
department on the fourth floor of the Library. The books will be on 
open shelves, so that visitors will be able to help thenselves and vjill 
not have to call upon the attendant as heretofore. The nev; section will 
be made up of twenty-five thousand volumes of the best literature in 
seventeen languages. It is believed that the section will be equipped 
and open to the public within a fev/ months. The supervisors of the sec- 
tion vdll be persons who speak several languages. This should prove a 

II B 2 a 
II B 1 e 
I C 


Lietuva, Aug. 14, 1914 • 

help to those who do not speak iitiglish. 

This opportunity must be taken to emphasize the fact that v;e ourselves — 
"the Lithuanians of Chicago — are to blame for the inadequacy of the Lith- 
uanian section* The Library procures such books as are demanded by the 
Library visit ors» Since no one demands Lithuamian books, that section 
is neglect edo If, with sixty thousand Lithuanians in Chicago, our 
language does not occupy a worthy place in the public library, we have 
only ourselves to blame. 

/ o 

II 3 2 a LI1r:.-iJ:i .. 

III B 2 

Liet uva, July IV, l'Jl4. 

Lod^e 120 (Chica^:o) ox* the Lithuciiiian rilliaace of r^aierica decided at its last 
Meeting-:, held July 12 at otanrorO x-'arrc, to becoiue one of the sponsors of the 
Lithua^iian x-ublic Library loc^uted in tiic 18i:h otreet discrict. i\. Kazlauskas 
ana B. Leukauskas Vvere elected to represent the Lodf-e in the Library. The Lod;.^e 
donated three uollars to tne Libra:.;, Three nev. leiibcrs joined the Lodp;e at 
this i.ieeting. 

II B 2 a LITIIU^^LilT 

III B 3 a 

III H Lietuva, July 10, 1914 


A meetinc of the representatives of the Lithuanian Public Library on the 
V/est Side was held last j^iday. The most important decision vjas to arrange 
a festive coinirieinoration of the tenth anniversary of the liberation of the 
Lithuanian press this fall. As far as it is knov«n, the commemoration will 
be effected throu^^ the efforts of the nine societies v/hich support the 
Library. There micht even be more ^r(^anizations willing to cooperate/, for 
it has been reported that several other local societies are planning to join 
the list of Library sponsors. A semi-annual exajriination of the financial 
status of the Library revealed that it is in a good enou{^ position: the 
treasury has ^102.55. Numerous readers attend. Their number has decreased 
since the advent of vjarm weather. The largest number appears on j'riday, when 
the newspapers arrive from all points. 




II B 2 f 

Lietuva, June 25, 1914 • 


According to statistics presented us, the Aurora Society presents 
the following picture: there are 180 library book-ur-ers; the reading 
room is used daily by about thirty to forty persons; during this summer 
season, the Aurora School has had a total of fifty-six students. The 
evening school is attended by forty-six persons, thirty-four of them 
studying the English language, tv/elve studying arithmetic. The day 
school is attended by ten students: six are studying English and arithmetic, 
four are taking drafting (on Sundays), 

II B 2 a 


II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 Lietuva , Ivfey 15, 1914. 


An affair for the benefit of the local Lithuanian Public Library was arranged 
through the efforts of nine societies at the Meldazis Kail, on the Vv'est Side, 
last Sunday. The program was made up of a one-act playlet "Liquor,'* and a 
three-act comedy "One Tends Oneself as One Can*" Besides these there was a 
speech, recitations, and dancing. 

The affair, from an artistic standpoint, can be called very successful. The 
artists of the dramatic branch of the Lovers of the i^otherland, Chapter 28, 
who participated in the plays, fulfilled their tasks, one can say, faultlessly. 
Their conscientious preparation was apparent. Especially outstanding were 
S. Kriukas as "Saltysius," J. Balsevicius as "Kundoras," Mrs. S. Valonis as 
"Kundoras* wife," Stasiunas, Miss A. Ulkis, M. Juska and Miss B. Zilvicius. 
The audience appreciated their efforts and did not begrudge them thunderous 

- 2 - 

ft^TT (1) Lietuva, V^7 15. l^^*' 

III B 2 ^^,^3 the recitations. 

I"^ ^o the speech, and .-aso r.. 

3. Biezis gave the sp failure. There we 

There were not 

mny in the audience an 


II B 2 a 

III B 2 

Lietuva, Kay 8, 1914. 



There was a very nice affair at the Keldazis Hall May 1, commemorating 
that day. The sponsor of the affair was the Keistutis Society and the 
proceeds of the affair were for the 7/est Side Lithuanian Public Library. 
This Society sponsors an affair every year and f^ives half of the profits 
to the Library. 

II B 2 a 


Lietuva, May 1, 1914. 



A meeting v;as held in the Providence of God Church Hall {18th Street and Union 
Avenue) last Thursday. It decided to establish a library, as has already 
been mentioned in Lietuvn, The Reverend Krusas proMsed to donate ;100 to 
the library 

II B 2 a 


Lietuva , Feb, 20, 1914, 



f o 

\ \ 



I' I 

.K a 

r i 


Dominic Slapelis, a member of the Farmers of Lithuania Society, donated 
the fifteen-dollar sick benefit which the Society offered him recently, 
to the Lithuanian Library on the West Side, 

II B 2 a 

II D 1 

III C Lietuva, Feb. 6, 1914. 



The Lithuanian Public Library on the West Side is meeting with the increas- 
ing support of the Lithuanian residents of that section because it is well 
supervised* Last Sunday the White Star Benefit Club decided to become a 
supporter of the Library and donated ten dollars from its treasur:;^. The 
Women's Our Lady of Vilna Society did the same that evening, donating fif- 
teen dollars from its treasury. 

At present the library is supported by nine societies 

II B 2 a 

III B 2 


Lietuva . Jan. 30, 1914. 




An affair sponsored by seven societies for the benefit of the Lithuanian Pub- 
lic Library was held at the I^ieldazis Hall, last Sunday night • The varied pro- 
gram of the evening was made up of speeches, recitations, a musicale, a theat- 
rical presentation and, of course, Stepukas* Vaudeville. 

Dr. A, Greiciunas spoke on the benefits of a library. In the two-act comedy, 
"Ttie l^nhunt'% Mrs. Kaupas-Yalonis, well-knovm to Jest Siders as one of our 
best artists, v/as outstanding • 

II B 2 a LITrimilAN 

Lietuva, Oct. :34, 1915. 


A new Lithuanian public library v;as organized, located at 1815 So. Union 
Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. 

.' ' f 

II B 2 a LITHlL\iaM 

II B 1 d 

III B 2 Lietuva , iOig. 29, 1913. 


K. J. V. 

This comins Saturday, .^ugust 30, at J. Chutra hall, 9929 South Michigan 
Avenue, the .vurora society v;ill present its performance for the benef 't 
of the "Aurora" library, which v;ill be established in the near future • 
The program will consist of declamations, dances, monolop-ues, and prii^es 
will be distributed to the best participants^ It five c'jlock in the 
afternoon, a sport play v/ill be held outside, Ci.fber which the main pro- 
gram inside the hall, will begin at 7:30 P. lU We are asking the jjublic 
to attend this performcince. ALl the profit v;ill be given to the "Aurora" 

II B 2 a 


Lietuva, Jul^^ 4, 1913 • 


B, Lenkauskis 

The Lithuanian IMblic Library, on the V.est Side, has moved to a nev; location, 
at 2336 3o« Leavitt Street. It is open every evening froiri 7 P. M. to 10 P. lU 


III B 2 

III A Lietuva , July 4, 1913. 


June 28, a meeting was held by the Lovers of the Motherland Society, branch 28, 
(West Side)* At this meeting it was decided that twenty-five dollars should 
be donated to the West Side Lithuanian Public Library* Previously, this or- 
ganization had loaned many books to the Lithuanian library for an unlimited 

Branch 28, of the Lovers of the Motherland Society, is entirely different 
from any other society. This branch is bringing up (educating) two 
Lithuanian girls who are underage. These little girls always take part in our 
programs: theater productions, banquets, etc. By doing this, the organiza- 
tion will bring up these girls in a good Lithuanian spirit and prevent them 
from losing their sense of nationalism. 

From all points of view. Branch 28 is a model for all the Lithuanian 
societies of Chicago. 

II B 2 a 

II B 1 d 

III B 2 
II D 1 


Lietuva , Jan. 24, 1913. 




The '.Vest Side Lithuanians are the r.ost progressive of all Chicago 
Lithuanians. They have heartily supported and approved all Lithuanian 
national affairs. For example, taKe the Lithuanian Public Library. 
The Farmers of Lithuania Society suggested that this library be 
established, and the follov/ing societies joined this project: Lovers 
of the i:otherland Society, Branch 28; Dr. 7. Kudirka Society, and the 
Lithuanian Socialist Alliance, Brancli 22. The library v;as established 
and maintained at the expense of these societies. Later, after some 
misunderstanding, the Dr. V. Kudirka Society and the Socialist Alliance, 

Branch 22, refused to sur^nort this library. The burden then restea on 
the shoulders of the Farraers of Lithuania Society. Recently other 
societies joined, to support this library. 'The Aurora Gate Society 
(l.ale), has donated ^10 for the library; the St. Rokas Society, -^^11; 

II B 2 a 



Lietuva, Jan. 24, 1913. 

II B 1 d 

III 3 2 
II D 1 

the Lithuanian Youth Sonc Lovers Society, olO; the Guards of the 
Grand Duke Gedemin^^-s of Lithuania, the Keistutis, p.nd other societies 
have -oromised to support this library. At -present, the library is in 
good standing, and has about -3150 in its treasury. During last year, 
1370 nen and 238 v/orien visited the library, and read the books and the 
nev/spapers free of charge. The literature in this library is available 
to everyone. Books can be taken home if a small deposit is left for 
them. The libi^irian is very gl^d to aid in finding books and nev^s- 
papers desired hy the readers. V/est Side Lithuanians, do not m.iss your 
opportunity to visit this libraryl 


II B 2 d (1) 

III :i Lietuva , I'^ob. 17, 1911. 

{ "urrj'iary ) 

Thanks to the splendid oup-oort of many ^o^A peoplo, the Aixrora library 
i-j ^^rowing. Llrs, :.I. Jur^elionis send:, the I^ussian daily nev/spaner, 
Ri jC (The Language), Dr. Graiciunas, the Daily Socialist and Noive Zycie 
(The ITev; i^ife), and in English, "The Literary Digest," "Review of Reviov/s," 
and "The Independent." 

\Je also ask the . European :^ithuanian publi.jhero to send T>heir publications 
to our .varora library. 

II B 2 a 

I C 


Lietuva, Feb* 4, 1910. 


The first public Lithuanian-^iTierican library, v;liicli v/as established in the 
Chicago Lithuanian Goinnunity Center at 3149 Jouth Plalsted otreet by the 
Lithuania Club a fev; nonths ago, is rapidly e'^rov/ing in popularity. During 
the nonth, December 23 to January 23, there v;ere one hundred and ten visitors 
in the library; this figure being an increase of thirty-eight over the pre- 
vious month. 

It has been learned that the greater n.ajority of the Lithuanians v/ho visit 
the libraiy read educational books; the second most popular reading subject 
is fiction, especially dramatic v/orks. Apparently, our people are seeking 
an education in the libraiy. The founders of the librar^^ are very jubilant 
over the fact that Lithuanians, too, are realizing the v;onderful advantage 
of the library. 

The Lithuania Club (also knov/n as the Lithuanian Circle), v/hich founded the 

II B 2 a 

I C 


Lietuva, Feb. 4, 1910 • 

library, Is a non-partisan and non-sectarian orcanization of the Lithuanian 
intelligentsia of Chicago. 

II B 2 a 



Lietuva, Sept. 17, 1909. (^V^Vh ?A 


The North Side (81st) branch of the Lithuanian Socialist League invites all the 
local Lithuanian organizations to a get together for the purpose of establishing 
a Lithuanian library. Well established public Lithuanian libraries for Lithuanians 
are very necessary. They play a very important role in the general educational up- 
lift of the people. 

There are several rather wealthy Lithuanian organizations on the North Side. One 
of the aims of these organizations, according to their by-laws, is to promote the 
intellectual advancement of our people. With the assistance of these organiza- 
tions, it would be an easy matter to establish a library and a suitable home for 
it. The library must not be located in a saloon hall so that it would be freely 
accessible to women and children. 

The desire for a Lithuanian library is constantly increasing among the Lithuanians 
of the North Side, and attempts to establish one are likewise increasing. These 

II B 2 a 


- 2 - 

Lietuva, Sent. 17, 1909. 


facts are ver^^ p;ood indications, and something of v/hich every Lithuanian can be 
Droud. - 

All the Lithuanian organizations of the North Side are asked to elect delegates 
to a conference v/hich v/ill be called soon to discuss vjays and nesus of establish- 
ing a Lithuanian library. Send the names and addresses of the delegates to llr. J. 
Mickevicius, 1400 Dickson Street, and he villi notify the delegates the time and 
place of the conference. 

II B 2 a 


Lietuva, Vol. Till, No, 6, Feb. 7, 1908. 


Branch 3 of the Lithuanian Alliance of America and Branch 20 of the 
Lithuanian Socialist Alliance of America h-dvo decided to establish 
a library. Each of the branches has donated $20 for the library 
fund. Therefore, v/e are appealing to the Lithuanian public of 
Kensington district to help us v/ith funds to establish the library. 

All of us know tmt the Lithuanians are far beViind other nationalities 
in culture. To uplift our brothers, to enlighten them, we must have 
the means: a library where everyone can read all kinds of books and 

Therefore, if you see that such a library is essential to the Lithu- 
anians, come with donations and help to spread enli(:htenment among 
our ignorant brothers. 

Comr.iittee of the above named oro-ani 


II B 2 a lithua:;l^n 

•■i^MH^ -^MiM^M^MV -'^^k^iVBMi ^■[^^■■V**^Hi^^»^"^W«B^^-~~'^>^B^M^II^Ba^iW 

I E 

II B 2 g Lietuva, Vol. XVI, Mo. 44, Nov. 1, 1907. 


In Chicago there is a lar-re numoer of Lithuanians "who carry on various 
activities. Societies consisting of enlightened members arrange lectures 
for the benefit of mankind; societies, consisting mostly of ignorant 
members, have as their aim b^^nquets and drinks. Such societies give 
a medal to anyone "who can dance the best; the church societies give 
a medal to the one who kneels the best in church. Such societies and 
their donated medals make no progress. 

It was announced that the Aurora Society has arranged a number of 
lectures to be delivered this fall. Those v;^io attend these lectures 
will learn something. 

IJo matter what activities are th'ere, we are lacking one thing: a 
Lithuanian library. Branch 4- of the Lithuanian Socialist Alliance 
for the last six months has been discussing the necessity of a 
Lithuanian library. I must mention that branch 4 of the Lithuanian 
Socialists already has ;ii;75 for a Lithuanian library. 

II B 2 a 

I E 

- 2 - 

Lietuva, Vol. ni. No. 44, Nov. 1, 1907# 


On November 10, 1907, at Freihet Turner Hall, 3417 S. Halsted St., 
there will be a banquet for the benefit of the library. Therefore, 
the Lithuanians are invited to come to this banquet to help us 
make some profit, which will be used for establishing the library. 

Before the library is established it will take time, although we 
need at present to discuss the problems of Socialism. Branch 4 of 
the Lithuanian Alliance of America has decided to have discussions 
two times a month: on the first and third Sundays of the month. 
The lectures v;ill be held at Radavicius Hall on 33rd Street near 
the St. George's church. Those who will have a Socialist pin ivill 
pay no admission; without the Socialist pin, socialist or not, one 
must pay five cents admission. 

A. Zimontas. 


II B 2 a 
II B 2 d (1) 

II B 1 a 


LIETUVA. Vol. X7I, No. 

2^, )S-lU, 1907. 


There are many Lithuanians in this part of the city of Chicago. We have varioiis 
societies. The Singers Dramatical Society was organized in 1905» The aim of this 
society is mutxial enlightenment. 

Even though this society is financially weak, it has established a library; in 
the Horary are several scientific books and the following newspapers: Saltinis 
(The Spring), Lie tuvas Ukininkas (The Lithuania's Farmer) Zvaigzde (The Star) , 
Katalikas (The Catholic) and Lietuva (Lithuania) • 

The society is unable, due to lack of money, to subscribe to all the Lithuanian 
newspapers published in America. We need financial help from the Lithuanian 
public. We are asking Lithuanians to contribute money or to send their old books, 
help us to enlarge o\ir library; we prefer to get scientific books. This library 
is not only for the society members, but for all the public as well. The Library is 
open on Thiirsday, Sat\irday and Tuesday, from 7 to 10 in the evening. The library 
is in the hall of the St. Michael Archangel church. 

Member of the said Society. 

II B 2 a 
I A 3 


LietuYa , Vol. IX, Uo. 10, March 8, 1901* 


At the Lake Front and Washington Street there will be built a nevr 
library. There \'all be space for one and a half million books. There 
will be enough room for 600 people to read. 

All Lithuanians must take the opnortjnity offered by this library 
and see to it that Lithuanian books will be found in it« 




II D c a ■ ■ ■ 

II B i~d 

Lietuva , Vol. VIII, No. 29, July 20, 1900. 


The Simoms Daulcnnt'^^s Society imntes all the Chicago Lithuanians to cone 
to the Society's library, where everyone c-n o-^t book?^ and take them 
home to read. For all the members of the society the books are free. Kon- 
members who are taVin^ the books home, must pay five cents p^r week and 
a deposit for the book. The b^oks must be returned in two weeks. 

The Simonas Daukantas Society* 


II B 2 a 

II B 1 d 



Lietuva, Vol, VIII, Wo, 12, March 23, 1900, 


The science society of Simonas Daukantas, wliose library "was appropriated 
by the greedy priest Krawczunas, has opened a new library* Even though 
the Rev. Krawczxxiias took all the books of this library, thanks to the 
good people* s donation we were able to open another and better library. 

Today the society and its library is free from the Krawczunas yoke. 
It can have any kind of books and ne^vspapers. tiovr everyone can take 
any book or newspaper to read v/ithout the censorship of the Rev. 
Krawczunas* Yfe are inviting all the Lithuanians to join this liberal 
science society* 

The Simonas Daukantas Society. 


Vv. .'i i^i^^,) r'hijj wiUfc./^ 
Lietuva , Vol. VIII, lie, 7, Feb. 16, 1900* 


Chica,^o* The Society of Simonas Daikantas is sending- its hearthly 
gratitude to Dr. John Szliupas and the Rev. Demskis of Scrs-nton, Pa.; 
W. K«ralii3?, Paltimore, Md., and A. Olszewski, Chicago, for donating 
books on our request for our library. Also we are tharJcing the news- 
paper Vienybe Lietuminki, Plymouth, Pa., which v/ill send the news- 
paper Tree""Tf"~cTiar^eT^or"the entire year. 

Even though the Pev. Krawczunar appropriated our library, but the ^ood 
people with their derations will a^ain fill the library. Today we 
have a.f^ain in our library several scores of books. 

The Simonas Daukantas Society. 

Trans, note:- Pev. Demskis was a Roman- Catholic priest, but he v/as too 


IT B 2 a - 2 - LITEUAl'^IAN 

¥VPA(iU..;PHOJ. 302/5 

LietiTva, Vol. VITT, No. 7, Feb. 16, 1900. 

honest to preach h;,'7^ocrisy, so he quit the Catholic religion and 
became a fr^e thinker. He wrote several books. The most imoortant 
are: The Inquisition, ^r^^w Wh^^'e r'omes the Lies and Wron<?:doings 
of the People , and The Se^en Thieves. 



II B 2 a 
I B 1 

Lletuva, Vol« VI, No. 49^ Deo. 9^ 1898. 


All of our newspapers, no diffe 
holding, ere writing about the 
drunkenness and fights. Not one 
sorrowful habits of Lithuanians 
we do not agree on the causes o 
remedy. The ignoramus does not 
honor. The cause of bad habitc 
The ignoramus cannot see the be 
wants to enlighten himself, he 
no places where one could get e 

rence what principles they are up- 
ignorant Lithuanians, of their 

newspaper denies the evil end 
, it is impossible to deny it. Yet, 
f these bad habits, and on the 
care for nor does he respect human 

among our Lithuanians is ignorance, 
nefit of enlightenment. Even if one 
can hardly do that because we have 

In our time, we brought up the question of establishing libraries. 
ATI the newspapers raised the question of who must undertake the 
job of establishing the libraries. Of course, the clergy did not 
take the trouble to open libraries, although in few places libraries 
were established. 

- 2 - 


Ljetuva / Vol# VI, No. 49, Dec. 9, 1898. 

In order to take the people from saloons, having libraries is not 
enough. Besides libraries we must have amusement places, hold con- 
certs, theatres, dances, etc. Who will take the privilege of doing 
it? It looks to us that it is the privilege of every one who loves 
Lithuanianism. While our priests are materially the best provided, 
it ought to be their duty to make the start, then other Lithuanians 
would Join with their help. Prom this empty dispute we will reap 
no benefit, if we will not work and not come with our donations. 

II B 3 a 

II B 1 d 



Liotuva. Vol. II, Hio, 5, Pet. 3, 1894 



January 28, Sunday afternoon, in the ohuroh hall, there rras a great cele- 
bration of the opening of the Lithuanian library* 

%.. ^ Th^re v/ere speeches and decls>jiiations» The speakers told about the hard-, 
ships of Lithuanians under the yoke of Russia, the Polish barons and the 
Polish priests* That we Lithusmians had been oppressed economically and culturally. 
Por hundreds of years they fought and shed their blood to save their country's 
independence and culture. 

Nov/* v/e Lithuanians are living in a free country, v/e can publish books and 
newspapers in our native language, open libraries, read books and educate our- 
selves j no Russian tyrant can stop us. 

By reading books and nev/spapers xie can uplift ourselves, obtain knowledge 
and culture. Above ever^-thing else, v/e must have unity among ourselves as our 
forefathers had in the nast. - 

The celebration v/as a great success. The hall was orov/ded io capacity. There 

never "was such a crowd of . peorjle before. 

Secretary'' J« G. . ' 



- -*- 





B. Avocational and Intellectual 
2. Intellectual 
b« Uuseums 








**■; ■f. 




J "5 '■*■>■ 

,J -•■ ri 




II B 2 b 
I A 1 a 
I a 2 a 


WPA (ill.; PROJ. 30275 

Record Books of the Lltl-iuanlan Schools , 1937, in possession of 
Secretary, Lithuanian Schools, Chicago, Ill# 


I. St. Casimir Academy, 2601 W. Itorquette Rd. 
2> Aurora Gate Church School, 2327 Yl. 23rd PI. 

3. Providence of God Church School, 717 W. 18th St. 

4« Immaculate Conception Church School, 6812 3. Washtenaw Ave. 

5. Immaculate Conception of St. Mary School, 2745 V/. 44th St. 

6. St. Anthony School, 1515 S. 50th Ave., Cicero, 111* 
7* St. Joseph Church School, 8801 S. Saginaw Ave. 

8. St. George Church School, 3230 S. Lithuania Ave. 

9# Holy Cross Church School, 4557 S. Wood St. 

10. St. Peter and Paul Church School, 12259 S. 3merald Ave. 

II. St. Michael Church School, 1641 Wabansia Ave. 

12. All Saints Church School, 10809 S. State St. 

13. American Lithuanian School, 3106 S. Halsted St. 

B. Avocational and Intellectual 
Z. Intellectual 

c. Scientific and Historical 


li B 2 c 

II D 3 

11 A 1 

111 C 

I B 1 

I F 4 


Lietuva , Llay 7, 1915. 


The Lithuanian-American Physicians Society net last Saturday, Lay 1, 
at 5261 South Halsted Street* im election of officers took place with the 
following results: Dr. A. L. Juska, president; Dr« J. Kulis, vice-president; 
Dr. K. Drangelis, secretary; Dr. A. J. Zimontas, treasurer. 

At a previous meeting the Society endorsed Attorney John iaichinskas for the 
office of city attorney. A letter from H.aycr Thompson on this matter v/as 
read at the meeting. The mayor promised to take into Consideration the recom- 
mendation of the doctors when he makes an appointment to the office. 

The Bridgeport branch of the Lithuanian Roman Catholic Temperance Society 
appealed to the Society/ to furnish lecturers for the anti-alcohol exhibit to 
be conducted by the Temperance Society for tv/o days, on V/ednesday and Thursday 
of this week at the St. George* s (Lithuanian) parish hall. The Society selected 
Dr. Juska, Dr. Jonikaitis, and Dr. Drangelis to lecture at the exhibit. ^ 




II B 2 


II D 3 

II A 1 


I B 1. 

I F 4 

- 2 - liittua::iaii 

Lietuva, Llay 7, 1915 • 

The Chicago Lithuanian Roman Catholic Benevolent Association invited 
the 3oci^ty jointly to establish a free dispensary, v:here poor people 
could receive free medical attention. The Society has been planning 
for quite some time to establish such a dispensary. A committee for this purpose, 
composed of Dr. Juska and Dr. Knlis, v;as formed some time ago. Tr/o more members, 
Dr. Jonikaitis and Dr. Vfiogner (a Latvian), were added to the committee at this 
meeting. The committee was authorized to investigate the proposal of the Asso- 
ciation. It was pointed out at the meeting that the Society would be willing 
to join the Association in establishing a dispensary, provided that full control 
over the dispensary is assigned to the Society. 

The Society now has seventeen members; tv/elve reside in Chicago and five in the 
eastern states. 


B. Avocational and Intellectual 
2. Intellectvial 
d* Publications 
(1) Newspapers 


v'(r.*i<-irj*v«^|['« v; • V-.>» ^ ■ 









.•^■. .?■ 

"' ^K'i. 


*y " ■ - V 


II B 2 d (2) .,. .^, , 

V A 1 • ^fPA ((LL.) PROj 302-f 

III C Interview t Mr. Anthony Olszewski, Insurance, 3251 S. Halsted 
. Ill P Street, Vict. 1233. 



This gentleman cajne to Chicago in 1890 and three years later founded the first 
Lithuanian newspaper here, the Li etu va. This newspaper was a weekly of eight 
pages with a circulation of 10,000. In 1916 he sold it to the Lithuanian Pub- 
lishing Company, owners of the newspaper llaujienos . The Li etu va ceased to exist 
in 1920. 

Kr. Olszewski came with many others to seek employment during the Columbian Ex- 
position. He believes that the Lithuanians that came with him were peasants 
and were engaged in the cultivation of the soil in the mother country. The 
editor of the semi-monthly publication Kargotis, located at 6812 S. Western 
Ave. has much information about the Lithuanians. 

The first organization of Lithuanians in Chicago was the Roman Catholic Church 
located at 33rd etnd Lithuanica. The latter being renamed so to commemorate 

the memory of the Chicago Lithuanian aviators Davies end Guina who died in an 
attempted flight to Lithuania. 

.»*. --^If, ■ » ■ ■ 


III I ,.-,. 

Yilnifl June 4, 1937 \^?PA (ILL) PROi-^l^^^^ 


The editor has received complaints from out of town sections that the 
Vilnis English Section is limited to news of activities of the Chicago 
L, D» S. (Lithufiuiian Workers Alliance) branches and choruses. Such a 
situation^ while it is not to be desired by us, at least indicates that 
our youth organizations in Chicago are active* We do not imply that out 
of town sections are not active, but surely if they are, they should write 
about their experiences and their activities* This would not only remedy 
the fault of the English Section*^ being confined to youth activities of 
Chicago, but would also enable the out of town sections to popularize their 
L« D« S* branches and their choruses and bring other youth into their 

What is necessary now is that our out •of -*t owners in Cleveland, Detroit, Rock* 
ford, Kenotba, Grand Rapids, Springfield and Waukegan, who have contributed 
every little correspondence of late, writejsore for the V* E* S* This is your 
paper and an instrument through which you can build your organizations* But 
unless you write us of your experiences and activities, it will not fulfill 
its purpose* The Vilnis English Section is one of the best medium through which 
we can build our L* D* S« branches and choruses* Correspondents, let us make 
it a still better instrument* x^ ,: :. .. 


1 " . II B 2 d (1 ) 


f n - - - , < 

* ^ I Jaunimas, Sept. 15, 1936 

/m the Seoond Generation / 



p. l..»«The first issue of Juanimas in the English languar;e is a momentous 
occasion in the history of our TDeople in America. It is the beginning of a 
new era for the second generation of Lithuanian-Americans- an era of patri- 
otic enlightenment, of closer contact with their nationality, fatherland, 
their language, and the history and traditions of their nation. 

We don't think the Lithuanian language is old-fashioned. We are not ashamed 
of it. Our goal - reverence for our fatherland, our nationality and our 
tongue and the application of the reverence to our daily lives - remains the 
same. We are not losing sight of our goal - we are merely readjusting our 
point of view toward it. We may as well face facts squarely.* However desir- 
able it may be to read only Lithuanian newspapers, and to consistently speedc 
the Lithuanian language among ourselves - we must ad it that the odds are too 
overwhelmingly against us. A one-hundred per cent Lithuaniaiiism will not- 
can not - save us from complete denationalization - because it is utterly 

II b2 d (l ) 

- o . 

^ «v ^ 

I C 

Jaunimas, Sept^ 15, 1936. 


impossible for us to practice tnis pluperfect Lithuanianisrn in America. V/e 
are not compromising, or conceding that it is too hard to be a "good Lithuanian" 
in America. iVe not only believe that our young people can become better 
Lithuanians - "good Lithuanians" through the medium of the English language, 
but are putting that belief into practise by sending forth Jaunimas printed 
in English into the world. 

We, the second generation of Lithuanian-Americans, are facing a problem 
tha^ is unprecedented in the nistory of our nation, We can draw no solution 
for it from our past, because the circumstances surrounding our position and 
this serious threat of conplete delithuanization are different from any that 
have affected our people in the past,. 

V/e, the young Lithuanians of America, must find out our own solution for our. 
problem, because it is only we ourselves who can understand the predicament 
we are in. Most of our elders (io not sympathize with the difficulty of our 
situation, because their view-point toward the Lithuanian language is so 

II B 2 d (1) 
I C 


- 3 - 

Jaunimas , Sept. 15,1936 


different from ours. The Lithuanian language is an indispensible necessity in 
their daily lives. They cannot get along without it. It is not so for us. 
However desirable it may be for us to know well the language of our uno^stors, 
the fact nevertheless remains that it is much more easy for us to express 
ourselves in English. Not because we prefer it to Lithuanian, not because we 
are being unpatriotic, but simply because we were corn and grew up in America 
and because our minds have been so thoroughly permeated with the ^^^nglish language 
that it has become almort a part of our nature. It is human nature to choose 
the easier way out of a sicuation. ihus wnenever - on a thousand and one 
occasions it has been a question of using an English or Lithuanian expression, 
we very naturally drop into English. (We choose to ignore the smug contention 
of those who insist that by so doing we are being very poor Lithuanians, indeed) • 
Thus, throughout our daily lives, our knowledge of Lithuanian is developing - if 
at all - under a continual han icap. 

Some of us have been more fortunate in this regard. Ei oher our home life has 
been thoroughly Lithuanian, or we have lived and worked most of our lives in 
Lithuanian surroundings, or have been able to attend one of our hi^jher 

II B 2 d (1 ) .- 4 - LIIHUANIAN 
I c , 


Jaunimas , Sept. 15, 1936. 

institutions of learning - in such a way that we have learned our language fairly 
well and have absorbed enough of the needed Lithuanian spirit through our reading 
and our contacts to overcome this handicap and to weigh the balance in favor of 
Lithuanianism. But how few of us live and work in such favorable surroundings, 
how few - comparatively speaking - attend our Lithuanian elementary school, how 
few continue to live under a Lithuanian influence after graduating from Tihese 
schools, and how few have the opportunity to attend our Lithuanian college and 
acaderaiesi Because the great majority of our young people have not had the 
opportunity to learn the Lithuanian language at least fairly well, they are 
doubly handicapped. 

Our Lithuanian newspapers are the only medium through v/hich they can find out 
anything about their fatiierland and nationality. But because they do not know 
the language well enough, they cannot reud these papers. Being thus isolated 
from their nationality and being thus deprived of the patriot inspiration and 
interest in the affairs of tneir people that follow from continual reading about 
them, these Lithuanian young people drift farther and farther away from us. 

II B 2 d (1) - 5 - LITHUANIAN 
I C 


Jaunims, Sept, 15, 1936. 


It is the tremendous force of Americanization working agiainst a starved badly- 
weakened, almost dead Lithuanianism. 

It is the desire to revive and to strengthen this dying Lithuanian spirit that 
has brought about the publication of J aunimas in English. It is not our aim 
to destroy or hinder the work and influence of the present Lithuanian agencies. 
V/e want to assist in and augment the work that our Lithuanian schools, colleges, 
academies, newspapers and societies are doing, v/e can and will reach those 
Lithuanians who cannot be contracted or influenced by these agencies. "Jaunimas" 
is not being published by and for any one group of Lithuanian ^Imericans. It is 
a Lithuanian paper, dedicated to every Lithuanian in this country, and to the 
proposition that every one of Lithuanian parentage should be proud of that distinction 

i^'or the past fifty years our Lithuanian-Americans have been broken up into groups 
violently antagonistic to one another. After all these decades of wrangling ana 
dissension among our elders nothing has yet been settled, no agreement has been made. 
This has worked irreparable harm to our nation. 

It is true that the differences of opinion that have separated our people into so 

II B 2 d (1) - 6 - LIIHUMIAN 
I C 


Jauninkxs ^ Sepx. lb, 1936. 

many groups are even today irreconcilable. But the fact remains thao most of 
the disagreement has been caused, not so much by these differences of thought but 
more by the personal malice, envy, bigotry and prejudice of the individuals or 
groups who have been involved. 

Individually, we cannot cor.proraise on fundamental principles, but it shall be the 
policy of " Jaunima s** to avoid the petty bickering and muckraking that has been 
the most outstanding feature of our Lithuanian newspapers. V/e extend our lar.d in 
friendship to you, fellow Lithuanian-Americans in every state and city and hamlet 
in the country, and we invite your cooperation in this work^ Naturally, we expect 
much opposition and criticism. We will be accused of lack of Lithuanian patriotism, 
of neglect of our language and for the traditions of our nation, and of many other 
things, individually, we do not fear criticism, because we feel secure in the 
strength and sincerity of our convictions. 

Perhaps the greatest opposition we have to face is that of silence - the refusal of 
our opponents to recognize our existence. In the event of such a conspiracy of 
silence and if our QPnt^mporaries ,1he Lithuanian-American newspapers, refuse to give 

^ II B 2 d (1) - 7- LITHUANIAN 

I C 

Jauniraas, Sept,15,1936. 

us a helping hand in publicizing J^iunims > we snail have to depend on our 
readers to tell others about us. 

We are in no way heing unfaithful to the country of our birth in our desire to 
keep our nationality from becoming C0i:.pletely denationalized. Our first allegiance 
is and always will be to the United States, both in spirit and in fact. We take 
great pride in our citizenship, yet one can be at the same time a good American 
and a Lithuanian, 

Recently a prominent American stated that ''There is no danger tiiat young Americans 
of foreign ancestry will become less patriotic, less valuable --^mericc^ns if they 
learn the language of their ancestors and become better acquainted with the culture 
and traditions of their racial stock. Their birth, their environment, tneir 
education and everything .-imerican will take care of their Americanism. But 
there is every danger that they will be shallow and hollow Americans if the new 
does not rest solidly on the old." 

These are our sentiments in the matter. Though we have not been addressing ypu 

• II B 2 d (1 ) - 8 - LI'IHU^II-U^ 

i I C 

Jaunimas , 2epi. 15, 1936. 

in any official capacity, we believe the editors of J aunima s will concur 
wiTih us in everything we have written. 




Sandara, May 23, 1930. 

:VHO 7/ILL Vni: TH'^ PRIZB? 

This is an easy contest, and it is open to all young people of Lithuanian 
descent who have never been in Lithuania. Does not that make almost all of 
us eligible? Even the editor? From the stories that we have read and the S 
tales that we have heard » we all have some idea of what the country of Lithuania 
is like^ Some have uppermost in mind that it is the land of song and merriment; 
others think of it as the land of fine steeds or the land of great heroes. We 
have read or heard again and again of the beauty of its forests and the charm 
of its farm life. 

Without consulting any books or seeking information from any authorities, just 
write down your idea of Lithuania. Paint in words the picture that comes to 
your mind at the mere mention of its name. 

Your account does not have to be absolutely in accordance with facts, for as 




II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITHUANIA!^! 


Sandara , May 23, 1930* 

you know, this contest is essentially of the imagination. You may write a 
brief description, or you may give us your idea in story form, or you may even 
turn to verse and send in a poem. 

It may be as brief as you want, but we require that it shall not exceed five 
hundred words. When submitting your contest story, you will also please let 
us know a little about yourself. It is necessary that we have your name in 
full, your address, your education, and your occupation. 

Begin to write now, and send in your story without delay. The closing date 
and the judges will be announced in this section in a later issue. 





II B 2 d (1) 


I D 
I C 
I H 

1 a 

Yilnls . Jan. 3, 1927. 



Once again we say good-by to the old year - 1926 - and say hello 
to the new year-1927. The Vilnis is greeting a new year for the 
first time as a daily working class ne.vspaper. 

The Vilnis had been faithfully serving the cause of the Lithuanian 
working class movement in the Middle .Vest for over five years. 
The first issue of the Vilnis appeared on April 8, 1920, as a 
weekly newspaper. Later it was converted into a semi -weekly. On 


II B 2 d (1 ) 

- 2 - 


I D 
I C 
I H 

1 a 

Vilnis , Jan. 3, 1927. 

Sept. 18, 1926, thanks to the courageous and untiring efforts 
of our working class organiza'tions and individuals, the Yilnis 
became a daily. The Lithuanian-.Ainerican labor movement now 
has two daily nev/spapers — the Laisve (Liberty), in the eastern 
states, and the Vilnis (The .'/ave ) , in the Middle West. 

"^^ ^^l^jg is the first Lithuanian working class newspaper pub- 
lished in Chicago. The two extinct Lithuanian dailies that were 
published in Chicago — the Lietuva and the Katalikas — were not 
working class newsjxipers because they were mainly in the service 
of the Lithuanian bourgeoisie. The same is true with the other 
two active Lithuanian dailies in Chicago — the Naujienos and 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 3 - LITIiUAtJIAN 

I D 1 a 
I C 
I H 

Vilnis, Jan. 3, 1927* 

the Draugas » The Vilnis is the only Lithuanian daily in Chicago 
exclusively in the service of the Lithuanian working class move- 
ment • 

Just as we had predicted the Daily Vilnis has caused a great in- 
crease in activity and power among the Lithuanian-^imerican work- 
ing class. No other Lithuanian newspaper in America haS such a 
lar(^e army of contributors, correspondents, and friends* 

' Therefore, in starting another ne^v year, the Vilnis , promises 
not only to remain in the service of the working class, but also 
promises to make an effort to improve the contents of the Daily 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 4 - LITIIIL;In[L\N 

I D 1 a 
I C 
I H • 

Vilnis, Jan. 3, 1927, 

'flie old year is dead, a new year has been born, but our trials 
and tribulations are old. Beginning v/ith the nev; year, v;e 
must labor v;ith new energ:/-, and v/ith renewed determination to 
make the nev; year more successful than the past year. 

\ ' ^ • / • •• 


Vilnis, Feb. 23, 1926 • VvPA '^' : '^^v;]-3u2/5 


Mr. and Mrs. Gribinas gave a surprise party in honor of their son 
and daughter, 7/illiaia and Anna, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Eraparas, 
Feb. 13« Many relatives and friends attended the party* 

During the course of the party, Mr« Gribinas spoke on the present 
nation-wide campaign to convert the semi-v/eekly Yilnis into a daily 
newspaper. He asked the guests to support the campaign with donations. 
A collection was taken and netted $36. The money was turned over to 
the Vilnis campaign committee* 

II B 2 d (1 ) 

II A 1 


Vilnis, Feb. 19, 1926 • 


The first meeting of Chicago Lithuanian newspaper correspondents 
was held, Feb. 14, at the Vilnis Ilall, 3116 So. Halsted Street. 

Long discussions took place at the meeting on how to gather news, 
and how to prepare it properly for publication. Rules for the 
proper preparation of news articles were adopted at the meeting. 
It was decided that correspondents should write more often, write 
briefly, and cover all news. 

This conference of the Chicago Lithuanian news correspondents is a 
wonderful idea. Similar conferences should be held in all other 
Lithuanian colonies in America. 

II B 2 d (1) 

II D 10 
I K 


Vilnis, Feb. 5, 1926. 


Branch ITo. 58 of the .issociation of Lithuanian ./orking V/onen 
of iinerica held a neetins in the Bri-^hton Park Lithuanian 
colony, of Chicago, Jan. ?J1. The meeting v;as well attended. 

It i^as decided to send a congratulatory letter to the managers 
of the Vilnis , semi-v/eekly Lithuanian working class nev/spaper, 
for their untiring efforts to convert the Vilnis into a daily 
nev;spaper • 

A donation of ;?5 ;vas ordered sent v/ith the letter. 

- o . 


Vilnis, Feb. 



All those v7>io attended the neetins displayed ,^reat interest 
in the drive for a daily Vilnis. Full support of the drive 
v/as pledf^ed ^y all members. It v/as also decided to siv"e a 
masquerade ball in the near future and donate half of the 
proceeds to the Vilnis. 

A donation of 'iJlO was voted for the relief of striking miners 
and their families in the coal fields of renns:rlvania. Tlie 
strike is novr in its fifth r.onth. The coal miners union, the 

United I.Iine ;.'orkers 


jnerica, is having r^reat difficulty in 

furnishing :ill the necessary assistance to the strikers. The 
winter season is addin,^ ,:;reatly to their misery. They are in 

- 3 - 


Vilnis . Feb. 5, 1926. 
dire need of our assistance. 


This organization is fanous for its inany donations for the 
benefit of the v;orkinc class movement • Decisions to donate 
to sone v/orthy cause are made at nearly all meetings* 

II B 2 d (1) 

I F 5 
I H 


Vilnis, Feb. 5, 1926 



We are very pleased to say that the Daily Worker , official organ of the 
American Labor (Communist) Party is greatly improving. It contains 
news from the world, news and educational articles about the American 
and international labor moTsment, important political articles, and 
raluable correspondence from factory workers. 

J. L. Sngdahl, editor of the paper, writes: '•The main problem of the 
Daily Worker at present is how to make the paper the mass organ of 
the American working class. Efforts to achieve that goal are being 
made hand in hand with efforts to develop the American Labor (Communist) 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITHIJAITIAN 
I F 5 

IH Vllnls , Feb. 5, 1926. ,,.^. ... .. , 

Party into a party of the American masses ••* 

Lithuanian-Americans are contribution towards the support of this 
paper. They should also assist in the present campaign to make 
the paper the organ of the American masses. 

Many class-conscious Lithuanian workers have children, v;ho shun their 
parents and the labor movement when they grow up. Such parents should 
subscribe to the Daily Worker for their children. Instead of wasting 
their time reading the capitalistic dailies the children would become 
thoroughly acquainted with the American workin.g class movement. When 
our young people read only capitalistic publications they cannot help 

II B 2 d (1) - 3 - LITHPANIAN 

I F 5 

IH Yllnls . Feb. 5, 1926* ^^A (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

being ensnared by their inf luence^ The Daily Worker , which is devoted 
to the interests of the American working class, strives primarily to 
encourage the workers to take a greater interest in the real problems 
of their life; it encourages them to unite and struggle for higher 
wages, better working conditions, and a higher standard of living. 


I D 1 a 

Vllnis , Feb. 2, 1926* 


A share-holders meeting of the Vilnis Publishing Co*, publishers of 
the semi-weekly newspaper Vilnis , was held on Jan* 31, at the Vilnis 
hall, 3116 So, Halsted St. Sixty shareholders attended the meeting. 
Ways and means for successfully conducting the approaching campaign 
to convert the Vilnis into a daily nexvspaper were discussed. 

Over #3,000 worth of shares in the new newspaper company have been 
sold. It was decided to sell at least $8,000 worth of shares in 
Chicago before the launching of the new daily Vilnis. 


II B 2 d (1) LigilUiJIIi 

I D 1 a 

Vilnis, Feb* 2, 1926. 

$3,000 FOn DAILY VII2:iS 

A share-holder's meeting of the Vilnis ?ublishin,T Co., publishers of the 
semi-weekly newspaper Vilnis , v/as held on Jan* 31, at the Vilnis hall, 3116 
So. Halsted St. Sixty shareholders attended the nesting, '//ays and laeans 
for successfully conducting the approaching campaign to convert the Vilnis 
into a daily nev/spaper v;ere discussed. 

Over $3,000 v\rorth of shares in the nev/ newspaper ccr.pany have been sold* 
It was decided to sell at least $8,000 worth of shajres in Chicago before 
the launching of the nev/ daily Vilnis. 

nPk ,iiL)r :ivLm/ 


II 3 2 

d (1) 


II B 1 d 
I E 
I H 

Vilnis, Feb. 2, 1925 


■V ^^ 'M5A.; ?^KUJ -3l;^A*> 

A daily nev/soEper, for the LithiLsnian working class, is very essential in 
Chicago. The daily iiaujienos (Mev.s), hp.s become an obnoxious anti- 
working class nev/soaper, and for thnt reason does not deserve our suiot)ort. 
Nevertheless, we are contributing to the maintenance of that Daner. Why? 
Because v;e have no other alternp.tive . V/e w^.nt to read the latest news every 
day. Furthermore, many of us by the news-oaper to glance over the classified 
advertisement section, in search of a room. Job or other needs. As a feemi- 
weekly newsoaper, the Vilnis ig ^anable to satisfy all these needs. However, 
when the Vilnis becomes a"'clail; , re will have no further use for the 
Nauj ienos, and we will attemDt to nersuade every Lithuanian worker to read 
the daily Viln is. Ti'e are confident that our asiDirations will meet with 


I ^ Vilnis, 7e\.. 2, 1926 

I E 

i • 


The Lithuanian-American V.orkers Literar;;' Society, iiss decided to take an 
active part in the drive to make the Vilnis a daily. At the last Chicago 
district conference of the society, a decTsion '/^ s made to secure 2,000 
new suoscriotions for the Vilnis. That is a highly conmendahle decision. 
However, "besides a large circulation, we are in need of new T)rinting r)resses 
and other costly equipment necessary to publish a daily newsT)aper. It is, 
thereiore, necessary to r^ise a sufficient amount of money for this eaui- 
ment. This can be done by donations and the sale of shares. 

The Lithuanian-Arnericpn V/orkers Literary Society has about a thousand 
members in the Chicago area. There is no doubt tiiat each member desires 
to see the Vilnis become a daily. we can depend uoon all members to do 
their of fhe work in this important campaign. Jivery member should 
Durcnase at least one sliare; the price of the stocK is only $10* 


*ii ^ 2_Ml) - 3- LlTHUAiaAK 
II"B~1 d ' ' 

I ^ Vilnis, Feb. 2, 1926 
I H 


Those v/ho iiave purciiased one sli^Te, shou.ld. cu^/ p.nother. It is true that 
some member? will be unable to purciir.oe any sriares. However, many members 
will bu;;;- two, three, nnd even more siiares. In so doing, they will make uo 
for those menbers who are unable to bu,y even one 5lia,re. Accordingly, v;e 
should have no difficulty in raising a fund of $10,000, in the Chicago area 
alone, auring the next two months. In the same manner, an additional 
$20,000 can be raised in other t)arts of the United States. 

All branches of the society should make the necessary oreparations for the 
drive. Huge mass meetings should be called to re^^ch as many of the Lithu- 
anians in Cixicago, as oossible. If all members will do their snare of 
tne work then it will not be ver-y long before the daily Vilnis will become 
a reality, 'iihen the Viln is becomes a daily, our working clas"s activity, 
esoecially in Chicago, v/in double in intensity, a thing eveiy Litiiuanian 
worker would like to see. Therefore, let us get busy: 

• •-. 


I F 5 

Vilnis, Feb. 2, 1926. 



The campaign to raise funds for the Yilnis is now started and will 
continue through Juna« Our comrades in all the Lithuanian colonies 
in America will arrange mass meetings, canvass Lithuanian homes, 
and employ other methods to sell subscriptions and obtain donations 
for the Vilnis fund. Our comrades will work in a united manner all 
over the country in order to increase the circulation of the Tilnis 
and increase its influence among the Lithuanian working class. 

The Yilnis is a nev;spaper of the workers, for the workers, and by 
the workers. 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITHOANIAN 

I F 5 

I C Yllnls . Feb. 2, 1926. 

WPA dlL.) PR0j.30/:/5 

The futiire of our press and the strength of the Lithuanian working 
class movement depends entirely upon the degree of success which 
these workers will have in approaching and convincing the Lithuanian 
masees to subscribe to the 7ilnis » 

The Vilnis is now going on its seventh year. During the past six 
years the circulation of the Vi Ini s has been grovjing steadily. As 
a result of these years of prosperity the paper has reached a healthy 
financial dondition^ Today thenanagers of the Vilnis are figuring, 
not how to make ends meet for the upkeep of the Vilnis . but how to 
convert it into a daily newsnaner^ Although the present annual 

II B 8 d (1) 

I F 5 
I C 

- 2 - 

Vllnls, Feb* 2, 1926* 

campaign for funds is not a drive to make the Vilnis a daily, 
nerertheless, the success of this campaign will play a very 
important role in bringing closer the hour when our newspaper 
will become a daily* 

We will draw the logical conclusions from the results of this 
campaign and will guide ourselves accordingly in our plans for 
a daily Vilnis* 



■ PKOj.aiiZ/b 

II B 2 d (1) 
II B 1 d 
I K 

Vilnis, Jan. 26, 1926. 



*c.fc /i>i iPPXii. 30275 

The combined Bridgeport chapters of the Association of Lithuanian T.orking 
V^omen and the Lithuanian-American V/orkers Literary Society gave a banquet 
last Saturday evening at the Lithuanian Auditorium, 3133 So. Halsted Street. 
An unusually large number of people attended. 

Among other things, a campaign to raise funds for the purpose of making 
the semi -weekly Yilhis a daily newspaper was conducted by Ivlr. LI. Zaldokas. 
Ee delivered a long address on the subject stressing the great need for a 
daily Lithuanian v;or king-class ne\7spaper. The campaign produced gratifying 
results. A collection netted ,114.75. Besides the donations, many shares 
and subscriptions were sold. 

Dancing preceded and followed the banquet. 

II B 2 d (1) 
II B 1 d 


Vilnis, Jan. 8, 1926. 


p,5... ....The campaign to raise a fund for converting the semi-weekly 

Vilnis (The Surge) into a daily newspaper is constantly gaining in support from 
Lithuanians all over the country. Comrade F. Audaitis of Helen, V/*Va., writes: 
"Enclosed you will find $8.00 - three dollars is for a subscription to the Vilnis 
and five dollars is a Christmas gift to the Vilnis Daily Fund. Before the holidays 
people spend a lot of money on various gifts, but I am spending my money for something 
useful by subscribing to a newspaper and donating monty to assist the Vilnis to become 
a daily newspaper.'* 

-♦ Besides giving financial assistance to the Vilnis < comrade Audatis also gives a good 
example on how to buy "Christmas gifts," A subscription to a working class newspaper 

* for a friend, or the financial support of the press is the best kind of Christmas 

Contributions to the Vilnis Daily Fund are steadily flowing in from all parts of the 
country. Comrade F. i\fctson from the North Side of Chicago, sent in $25.00. That sum 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - l!^ Vjpj^ pjj LITHUANIAN 

Vilnis, Jan. 8, 1926. 

was collected at a dinner given at the home of the Peciukas family. Another $25.00 
collected at a dinner given by the Vesius family, was recently sent in from the same 
colony. It appears that the Lithuanian colony on the North Side in Chicago is very 
anxious to see the Vilnie become a daily. They are supporting their desire with real 

The Lithuanian colony in Roseland, 111., is making plans to give a benefit musical 
program for the Vilnis Daily Fund. The Cicero, 111., chapter of the iimerican-Lithuanian 
Workers Literary Society has donated $17.00 to the fund, and is determined to fulfill 
its quota in the Vilnis drive for 2,000 new subscribers. $20.00 was received recently 
from Comrade K. Svirskis of Milwaukee, Wis. He stated that the Lithuanians in that 
colony are planning to present various musical and theatrical programs to raise funds 
for the Vilnis, Daily Fund. Comrade V.Yaken of Pittsfield, Mass., sent in $5.00. 

Judging from the wonderful support we are now receiving it will be possible to convert 
our semi -weekly publication into a daily within the next few months. 

— fo 

• II B 2 d (1) 
I D 2 a (S) 

' 11% 2 d (2) (Geraaa) ^^^^^ ^^^- ^^' ^P^^^ 28, 1925. 

I Z (Gamaa) 


Death has ended the life of the Polish Socialist daily Dziennik Ludowy » 
The last nimber, issued on the 20th day of April, stated that it was the 
last issue* Its printing shop is in receivership. Dziennik Ludowy "was 
published for 19 years. This Socialist organ supported the Germans during 
the World War, and as soon as America entered the war, this paper, as 
well as Maujienos , joined the Allies. It was an organ of reactionists, the 
biggest enemies of Soviet Russia. This paper was fooling the Polish people 
by supporting Gompers politics and upholding at all times the reactionaries • 
This daily* s life was the same as the Menshevikis iNiaujienos of ours. But 
the Polish clericals are smarter and have a strong newspaper, so there was 
no chance for this daily to better itself in their eyes, so it had to put 
up its feet. 

This daily would have died long ago were it not for the help of the bureau- 
crats of the unions, especially of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of Ame- 
rica in Chicago. 

4^ ^o^ 



- 2 - 

Vilnis, Vol. VI, April 28, 1925. 

Lately this daily has so lowered itself that it upheld the bloody govern- 
ment of Warsaw* 

While staging the demonstration by workers of Chicago at the Polish con- 
sxilate, this same daily was sorry that the police did not ^'hurry to come 
to break the demonstration,'' 

Polish workers have discarded this treacherous daily and it has died« The 
working people have lost nothing by the death of Dziennik Ludowy , Rather, 
they have one fool less. 

A few months ago the sfiune thing happened to one German weekly. It was the 
only Socialist paper in America, and this first at last went into bank- 

Another Polish paper, Glos Robotniezy (Voice of the Worker), weekly, is 
also merely existing, it began as a aaily, later as a weekly of 8 pages, 
now only of 4 pages. In the beginning this paper had a big influence and 

- 3 - 


Vilnis, Vol. VI, April 28, 1925. 

popularity. Later it got sick with Extra-Leftists* sickness, became weaker* 
Now it is merely existing. 

t, II B 2 d (1) 
• I E 


Vilnis. Vol. VI, Jan. 23. 1925* WPA (Iil? PR0j.302/i 


The distribution of the workers' press is the greatest problem of our 
organizations. The annual conference of the First District asKed all 
its branches to push this move by all possible ways and means. For a suc- 
cessful distribution of Laisve , (Freedom: Vilnis , (The Surge); Par- 
bininku Balsas, (Voice of Labor), the conference, after having used all 
known ways of distribution, recoimnende-i to take this new method. In 
every colony of our Lithuanian workers (in our border lines), to create 
stations for newspapers, which papers should be sent in bundles; from 
there the papers should be delivered to the homes. For this distribution 
coula help us children from A. Z. V. D. (Ateities Ziedo Vaiku Draugija- 
Budding Flower of Youth Society). For their help they could be 
given a certain com^uission. The ad]nini strati on will have to take care 
of the organization of such stations and distributors. All particulars 
and information will be given by the General Comjnittee of Distributions, 
which has started its work of distribution in this colony. 


II B 2 d (1) - 2 - UTHUANIAN 

Vllnls . Vol. VI. Jan. 23. 1925. v\'?.M'.lU PRO-!- 302/5 

The conference Is asking all correspondents and newspapermen to write 
not only about our A. !• D« L. D# and its activity, but in general 
about the life of the workingnen, especially those employed in indus- 
tries • Such news will help us a lot in the popularization of our news- 

A* L* D# L. D. stands for Amerikos Lietuviu Literatures Draugija, or 
American Lithuanian Literature Society. 

II B 2 d (1) 

I E 


Vilnis, Vol. VI, Jan. 13, 1925 



The distribution of our press is the main problem at the present moment. 
It is about the greatest Communist problem. This line of work is consider- 
ably neglected. It is true that the branches have elected agent-committees, 
but the majority of them remain only on paper. 

Last year in Chicago we started to work with energy in the distribution 
of the press. At that time Comrade Jukelis worked as commissar of the 
press and the results were good. 

II B 2 d (1) 
I E 


Russkii Viestnlk. March 8, 1924 


The Lithuanian v/orkers colony of Chicugo and other cities is celebrating 
tomorrow the tenth anniversary Jubilee of the existence of the socialistic 
paper Nau.iien os» Ten yeurs ago this paper wus created by a group of progressive 
Lithuanian intellectuals and workers. The course of its development was hard. 
There was not the necessary means, there was not enough contributors, and in 
the masses there was not sufficient foundation for the successful existence 
of the paper t for the solidificution and establishment of its professed ideas. 
There was none of the means above referred to, but the Lithuanian-American 
workers colony was in need of a paper, which would be on the watch for the 
workers' interests and express their needs. As In other colonies, so likewise 
in the Lithuanian colony, there are servants of reaction, v/ho carry on an 
agitation with the purpose of befogging the minds of the workers. Having very 
little strength and means, this paper undercook the difficult and complic-ted 
task of unselfishly serving the masses of the workers. Accordingly, by thut 
service the consciousness of the Lithuanian masses became clearer and the 
influence of the progressive elements on the Lithuanian workers grev/ more and 

II B 2 d (1) 




Russkii Viastnlk^ ^'^ch 8, 1924 

more and so did the significanoe and the power of the paper* At the present tiiae^ this 
paper is well established^ is of great influenoe on the Lithuanian colony^ has a big 
oii'otilation and is well plaoed among the socialist papers of America* This attainment 
is of great signifioanoe» taking in consideration how difficult it is for the socialis- 
tic papers to do the work^ the opposition from the side of the capitalistic papers and 
how few papers there are in America^ which defend the interest of the workers* Our wish 
^ is to have more of such Jubilees* 

II B 2 d (1) 



Nau.iienos, Jan.21,1921, ^^p^i ^|| ^ PR0JJ02 


p*4.**. There is a rumor afoot that the Lithuanian Catholic priests in 
Chicago are making plans to convert tneir weekly ^^ Drauga s" (The Friend) 
into a daily newspaper, "in order that the Lithuanian Catholics also may 
have at least one daily newspaper." apparently the priests do nOu consider 
the Chicago Lithuanian daily "K atalika s" (The Catholic) as a Catholic 

It is said that hurried preparations are being made to launch the Catholic 
daily as soon as possible. 

±1 -^ ^ 

d (1) 

III :, 

Lietuva, I.'ov. w5, 191o. 

L'L n -T^J-l; 1,1 ^* <J I'L - 


"..liile Lietuva v/as bein.:; or v:ini:^ed as a uailv, r/.a™ g2 our friends — and soiie 
ivho v;ore not our friend:: — L.sked us to .3tate zlic type of pro;;'ra:.: and platfor:.i 
ivliicli the ne'/; dail:,' v;ould sn^nort. 



I^u„:erous su-vsestions \:eTc received. ..'e have been ashed to publish soiie beauti- ^- 
ful son-^s in the fii'st edioion so that over:''one v.lli be able to .r.ei.iorize theiii. 

In response to these re ucsts, '..e have published belov; our platf or. . and a sonc» 
L^ver^r Lithuanian should i.ahe it his duV' to i.iei.iorize this son;% 



''Litliuania, our fatherland, 
-wund of heroes, 
.:a:- thy sons drav; 
Strength fro:: thy past. 

II 3 3 d (1) 


ietuva, ITov. ."5, 1913. 

thy children travel 
Only tlie patlis of virtue; 
l.:ay tlicj v;orI: for tliy benefit 
.:jid the v/elfiire of the -oeo'^le. 

"::ay the sun of ^itnuania 
hOHOve the darloiess, 
xjjid nay lirtit cnC. tratli 
CxUidc our ste-os. 

". .av tlie love of Lithuania 
Lum \;ithin our hearts. 
7or the sai.e of Lithuania 
L:ay unity bloo:.u'' 



/Translator's note: This son- is the Lithuani^.n .^Jithen. Tineas IZudirha -jrote 
both the iiiusic and the lyric Sj^y 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITIIU^:L-JT 


Lietuva.! I^ov. 23, 1918. 

Lithuanians v;ill benefit therjselves by supporting the platfor^n of our paper. 
All h\iinanity v;ill be enriched :;hen nations regulate their activities according 
to these innortal v;ords of Kudirka. 






II B 2 d (1) LITHUiiULiN 


Lietuva, Oct. 31, 1918. 


This is the last edition of the weekly Lietuva ; the next edition will be 
the first of the daily Lietuva. 

After the publication of this edition, the Lietuva press, editorial, and 
administrative offices will be moved. The new location is the former 
Tananevicius Bank Building, at the corner of 33rd and Morgan Streets. 
This is only two blocks from the present location. 

Effective today, all correspondence should be addressed to Lietuva Daily , 
3253 Sputh Morgan Street, Chicago, Illinois. 

The moving and installation will take at least a week. Therefore, Lietuva 
will not be published next w^eek. The first edition of the daily will be 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - UTSUANIAN 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Lietuva > Oct, 31, 1918 • 

published on Monday , November 11« 

This interruption occurs at a very inconvenient time since there is im- 
portant news every day« Ho;?ever, we are confident that the readers will 
understand the situation and will wait patiently a week to greet their 
new daily* 

II B 2 d (1) 
II A 2 


Lietuva, Sept. 6, 1918. 

;8^20,000 FOR THE DiilLY .iLREaDY IN IBS HAlCCl 

Well men — and all of you very active girls — let^s all give three cheersl 

After a long offensive, the fort barring the way to the daily fell — on 
the last day of the time limit! For three months the brave troops of the 
nationalists stormed that fort. Last Tuesday they crushed the remaining 
opposition and ran up the flag of the daily on the fort which many of our 
enemies s^id we would never take. 

We took it I Twenty thousand dollars lie in the Universal State Bank of 
Chicago, waiting for the conclusion of all of the formalities and the 
beginning of the daily, 

Man, but it was i^orkl September 1 was a Sunday, Monday was "Labor Day," 
a legal holiday. Therefore, the last day for accumulating the desired 
amount of money for deposit in the bank was Tuesday. 



II B 2 d (1) 
II A 2 

- 2 - 

Lietuva, Sept. 6, 1918* 


That gave the storming battalions tvo extra days, Sunday and luonday. 

If "Labor Day" v/as a day of rest for you, dear reader, it v«as a day 
of real labor for the committee members of the daily. They were out 
shelling the city with the shares of the daily, while the Li etuva 
office was being crowded all day by people coming in v.ith reports. 

The Chicagoans were working hard and so were all of our supporters in 
other colonies all over America. 

Tuesday, when a count was made, it was revealed that already the army 
of the daily was composed of more than nine hundred shareholders, but 
that the required goal of tv/enty thousand dollars was not yet reached. 
Many people had applied for shares, but not all had come through with 
their pledges on time. Not all of them could: one had become ill; an- 
other had met some other kind of misfortune; a third had asked for a 
day-or-two^s extension of time. A couple of thousand dollars were thus 

II B 2 d (1) 
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- 3 - 

Lietuva, Sept. 6, 1918. 


promised. But the money had to be in the bank by Tuesday. 

Well, vjhat should be done? 

•*Ho^' much is in the bank and how much are we short?'* somebody asked. 

We have so much, and so much is short, somebody else replied. 

••All right I Go ahead until tomorrowl I will take all the shares that are 
needed to make twenty thousand dollars, because, men, we need the daily. 
But here are three conditions: you must help me resell some of these shares, 
,for I already have some and these v.ould be too much for me; you must strive 
to increase the army of the daily to an even thousand shareholders; and you 
must not reveal my name. Do you agree?" 

"Surel** everybody shouted, '•Now that we have got into the swing of things, 
it will be easy to sell your extra shares later, '»Ve*ll all help." 


II B S d (1) 
II .i 2 


Lietuva, oept. 6, 1918, 

In that vja:/ oil of the necessary capitcl v;as put into the fund of the daily 
on time. 

Now v;e rnust help to lighten the buraen on th'it one ^ie.n by selling; his extra 
shares to others. 7e vlll thus finish the matter c.nd v.ill keep our proraise. 


All those ;vho have pled^^ed to purchase shares anc those v ho have ■ Iready made 
down payments are urged to send their .Tioney as soon as possible. All of you 
v;ho have supportea the proposed daily up to the present are urf^ecl to continue 
to do so until the very end. 

A shareholders* meetinf; vjas culled c.t the Llilda Hall last Tuesday. At this 
meeting a committee of three people v;as elected from aiaonr^^ the shareholders 



II B 2 d (1) 

II A 2 

- 5 - 

Lietuva, Sept. 6, 1918. 


to appraise the value of the present Lietuva property, in co-operation with 
a committee of the old Lietuva shareholders. They v/ill hire an expert who 
once more will take an inventory of the property in the Lietuva press and 
evaluate it. 

Not one cent of the money placed in the fund for the daily will be used for 
purchasing the present Lietuva press. The old shareholders are investing 
their property in the daily and will receive as many shares as the committees 
and the expert decide are due to them according to the appraised value of the 
property • 

The following were elected to the above-mentioned committee: A. Zemaitis (a 
printer), M. Dudas (a former printer), and Attorney J. A. Ambrosius. 

At this time we cannot predict the definite date for the first issue of the 
new daily. In the meantime the personnel of the daily must be organized. 
Its editorial and administrative staffs will require more workers than are 

II B 2 d (1) - 6 - LITlIUi^Iiil-T 

II A 2 

Lietuva , Sept. 6, 1918. 

needed in publishing a weelcly. Other preparations, which may take some time, 
have been begun* It is expected that the preparations vdll be completed by the 
end of this month* VJhen they are completed, the publishing of the daily v.ill 

Many people were active in the organizational work for the daily, but most of 
the work was done by those who not only purchased shares themselves, but also 
sold them to others* They have won the gratitude of the new daily. 

7/e beg all of those who sold ten or more shares to send us their photographs to 
be published in the daily* Besides that, we want to make a large photograph of 
all of these people to remind us of our brave army of organizers. This photo- 
graph will hang in the office of the daily* Also it has been suggested that we 
send copies of these photographs to all people who have sold more than ten shares* 

All of those who have purchased or sold nearly ten shares are urged to reach 
the ten mark* The more "ten-men" we have, the better it will be. There are 


II B 2 d U) - 7 - LITHUAITIiU^ 

II A 2 

Lietuva, Sept* 6, 1918. 

several tens of these "ten-men** now. 

So, get to work, men I 

If we had published a list of all the names of those who purchased shares 
this week, the space required would have been half of this newspaper. 

Our ''strategist'' (the person v;ho organizes and spaces the columns and prepares 
them for publication) looked at the great pile of letters, booklets, greetings, 
articles and other "war" material, threw his arms into the air and shouted, 
"KJEimeradl I give upl I fought all summer, but this pile is too much for mel 
I'd rather surrender and become a prisoner I" 

Therefore, all the articles, greetings, and lists of names remain on his desk 
for the time being. They will be used later. 


II B 2 d (1) LI'IHU.iNIiiN 

III 3 2 

II D 1 Lietuva, Aug. 9, 1918. 


The question of support for the new Lietuva daily v;as raised at the last 
meeting of the Simanas Daukantas Society. After discussion, it was decided 
to purchase five shares of the Lietuva for the Society. 

At the same meeting i\nthony Ruginis bought one share (ten dollars) and 
Anthony Martinkus bought two shares. Several other members, who did not 
have money with them, promised to purchase some shaies later. 

The Simanas Daukantas Society is oue of the oldest and most important nation- 
alistic societies in Chicago. It never refuses to support worthy and important 
nationalistic causes. 

! II B 2 d (1) - LITHUANIAN 

♦ II A 2 

III A Lietuva, June 14, 1918. 

I M 

A nit;; daily i:^ alehica 

The Lietuva has been published weekly for more than twenty-five years. 
During all that time the Lietuva has conscientiously and devotedly served 
the Lithuanians of America and has protected their interests. It has there- 
fore earned the reputation of being one of the best Lithuanian newspapers. 

• In a short time — no later than September of this year — the Lietuva daily 
is expected to be published. Then it will be able to serve the Lithuanian 
public six times more effectively than it has been able to do up to the 

The readers of the Li etuva have always been and are now satisfied with the 
newspaper. This newspaper always strives to give its readers honest news 
and to promote enlightenment among our people and protect then from 
exploitation. />^ 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITHHMIAN 

II A 2 

III A Lietuva, June 14, 1918. 

I M 

Let us take, as an example, the action of banning advertisements of quack 
doctors from the Lithuanian press. The Lietuva deserves the most gratitude 
today if these quacks are no longer skinning our people. The Lietuva was 
the first to' ban their misleading advertisements and it continued to fight 
until the other Lithuanian newspapers banned them also. 

Only One Complaint 

The only complaint of the Lietuva* s readers has been that this newspaper 
is published only once a week. Today the people want news daily because of 
the kind of period in which we are living. There are more changes in one 
day today than there used to be in several years • 

The war, revolutions, new inventions, political changes — all these are 
matters which interest the public every day. The future of Lithuania, the 

II B 2 d (1) - 3 - LITHOaUIAH 

II A 2 

III A Lietuva, June 14, 1918. 

I M 

fight of the Lithuanians for Lithuanians independence, the freeing of 
Lithuania from foreign yokes, the peace conference, are all matters Twith 
which the Lithueinians are concerned and about which our people want as 
much news as they can get, as soon as they can get it. Only a good daily 
newspaper can give all this to the people. 

V/e Must Organize 

The Lithuemians themselves must becorie well-organized in order to attain 
all their alms. They must organize quickly. In times like these the 
Lithuanians must do more in one day then fonnerly they had to do in a 
whole year. In this work, one daily can do as much as six weeklies put 
to get he r. 

Vie must catch up with other nations in progress; otherwise, even Lithuania's 
liberty will be too difficult a task for us to accomplish. Can we catch up a^ .y 

II 3 2 d (1) - 4 - LITHUANIAN 

II A 2 

III A Lietuva, Jiine 14, 1918. 
I M 

with other nations when their progress is speeding along in autoiaobiles 
(dailies), and ours is moving along slowly in wagons (weeklies)? 

There are thousands of reasons why we need to have good dailies, for a good 
daily is the best weapon with which to fight for any cause. Every more 
enlightened person reeilizes this; therefore we shall dwell no longer on 
this point. We shall explain how we plan to create this new daily. 

Why In Chicago? 

We have decided to publish the new daily in Chicago because Chicago has 
more Lithuanians than any other city — about seventy-five thousand in the 
city proper and that many more in the vicinity. This figure does not include 
the more distant colonies which the newspaper can reach within one day. 

II 3 3 d (I) - o - Ll'ft«M3lI^ 

II A 2 

HI A IX (»t UYU , JUU^ U» l^lci, 

I M 

CJlica^o i3 al3v> tii<$ lar^^dO iud\k»OrjLitI taut budm^di* o^nWr, Litiiuauiau ai^ 
well ii3 .^ari(?^u XbLi3 i3 v^ry iuiporttiut, for oha ut^wspap^r oau gat mor^ 
aviYerti3aia«ijut3 iu Jhioago tiiatu iiu>wJtiai*t> ^loi^i, uiiU advert iii«>itt0xitii u\>c» oxiXy 
help to covi^r tha iMqp#r*3 <wtpaxi3<d3, but also brxu^ it a profit. 

It ia true that there are airea«ly two Hthuauiau daily newspapers iu 
Chicago, but thia will uot hiuder ua. We do uot wiah to oritiaiiie theui, 
but we hear i^ople aayiug aliaoat daily that they i-^refer another kind of 
paper to the tw<.> they ali^eady have. We ahall strive to maKe the Liet uva 
aiuother kiud of daily. 

Coats and Profit 

'fhe expenses of publishing a daily are muoh larger than those of publiahiug 
a weekly. That isS wti^' the ^xi^edmit ..ieouva oonoern oatmot tiope to publish 



II B 2 d (1) - 6 - LITHUANIAI^ 

II A 2 

III A Lietuva, June 14, 1918 • 

I M 

a daily by itself, l^ve money is needed to cover the expenses. 

The organizational coinmittee has estimated that it will cost about thirty 
thousand dollars a year, figuring on four thousand subscribers* 

These costs must be guaranteed. That is, there should be sufficient 
money to cover expenses for at least six months, so that the daily will 
not be forced to go out of business before it can start to make a profit. 

The committee has also estimated that four thousand subscriptions and 
enough advertisements will cover all the expenses. If there are more 
subscriptions and more advertisements, the daily will realize a profit. 
This will be distributed to the stockholders according to the number of 
shares of stock they hold. 

II B 2 d (1) - 7 - LITHIJAHIAI^ 

II A 2 

III A Lietuva, June 14, 1918. 

I M 

Twenty Thousand Is Necessary 

In order to start publishing the daily, it is necessary to have enough 
money to pay salaries to workers, to buy paper, etc, for at least six 
months. It is also necessary to buy a large press, without which it will 
be impossible to publish the daily. Therefore it has been decided that 
we must have twenty thousand dollars before we can start to publish the 

Some people may point out that the other dailies began with only a few 
thousand dollars. This is true. But whoever starts in this manner must 
continue to go into debt, until it is impossible to repay creditors. The 
workers do not receive their wages on time, and the stockholders dare not 
even dream of receiving a profit from the money they invest. Even if there 
is a profit, it must be used in paying off debts and interest on debts. 

II B 2 d (1) - 8 - LITEIUANIAN 

II A 2 

III A Lietuva > June 14, 1918. 

I M 

We do not plein to start such a business. V/e want to have everything clear 
and guaranteed. That will be better both for the workers and for the stock- 
holders, who can expect dividends, or profits, from their investments. 

IVhen It Will Be Published 

Publication of the daily will begin the first of September. All of the 
twenty thousand dollars must be raised by September 1, 1918. However, we 
shall strive to have that sum by August 1, 1918, in order that we can have 
enough time to prepare for the publication, to reorganize the editorial 
offices, to find more help, to set up the large press, etc. 

Therefore it is important that we strive to have all of the required sum by 
August 1, 1918. We are advertising this fact and are planning accordingly. 

II B 2 d (1) - 9 - LrngJANIAIT 

II A 2 

III A Lietuva, June 14, 1918. 

I M 

\i»here the Funds Are Kept 

All of the money which is coming in for the daily is being put on deposit 
in the Universal State Bank, in Chicago* Neither the officials of the 
Lietuva nor anybody else can touch a cent of that money. 

This is being done so that the people will Imow that their money will not 
disappear and will not be used for any other purpose if, for some reason, 
we are not able to raise a sufficient sum of money before the date which 
has been set, and the daily cannot be published. 

The following agreement has been made with the bank in writing: 

1. The bank will issue a certificate to every person who buys shares, show- 
ing that he has bought so many shares from so-and-so, in such and such a 

II B 2 d (1) - 10 - LITHUANIAN 

II A 2 

III A Lletuva , June 14, 1918, 

I M 

2. If twenty thousand dollars is thus placed on deposit before August 1, 1918, 
the bank will turn over the money to the corporation of the daily, and will 
send out stock certificates to all those who bought shares. 

3. If the whole sum is not placed on deposit by August 1, the bank will 
repay stockholders, upon demand, all the money for v^ich they hold receipts. 

In this manner, as you can see, not one cent can be lost or used for any 
purpose but the daily. 

Beginning the Daily 

Vftien all of the twenty thousand dollars has been raised, the new stockholders, 
through their committee, and the present owners of the Lletuva will hire 

\ ^ ^••' 

II B 2 d (1) 

II A 2 


I M 

- 11 - 

Lietuva, June 14, 1913 • 


experts again to estimate the value of the Lietuva property. The Lietuva 
will then turn over its property to the new daily* 

A meeting of the stockholders will decide how many directors there will 
be in the corporation, and will elect them. At the same meeting all other 
details, such as the price of subscriptions, the payment of dividends, etc., 
will be decided* 

The price of the stock is ten dollars a share. There is no limitation to 
the number of shares one person may buy. 

How You Can Help 
You can help in the preparations for the daily in the following ways: 


Of. c i 

II B 2 d (1) 

II A 2 


I M 

- 12 - 

Lletixva, June 14, 1918. 


1. Buy shares yourself. 

Z. Advise your friends and acquaintances to buy shares. 

3. At the meetings of your societies, tell about this daily and urge the 
members to buy shares. 

4. Organize a boosters* unit in your neighborhood to promote this work. 

5. V7rite to your friends about the daily and urge them to buy shares. 

Until the daily is organized, this organizational work will be carried on 
by a tempo37ary committee of Chicagoans. It is called the "Organizational 
Committee for the Daily.'* 

II B 2 d (1) 

II A 2 

I M 

- 13 - 

Lietuva, Jiuie 14, 1918» 


If something still is not clear to you, you can receive further explanations 
by writing to the Coramittae^ 

Send money and all letters pertaining to the matters of the daily to Lietuva 
Daily, 814 West 33rd Street, Chicago, Illinois. 

The Lithuanian Publishing Company (publishers of the Lietuva) is now incor- 
porated for twenty thousand dollara, according to the laws of the State of 
Illinois, but the basic capital of the corporation is being increased to 
forty thousand dollars. 

II ^ ^ j_(i) LI T^vri/:: 

I D's" b 

III A IletiTva, .Ti^ne 7, 191^^. 

T7" A '^ 

rc:^^ y\CTicn 7'""di:d: 

VJe Lithuanians must always be on the \vatch for o-nrortuni tie.? in life: oth'^rx^/ise 
we cannot attain much. V/e have mi^e a <^reat step Torvmvd since the liberation 
of the Lithuanian press, but v/e have much farther to po in order to cstch \i^ with 
the prOeTressive nations, especially in coimaerce and indust-»^y. 



"ev^-ral decules nr^o very few of ns enpn^-ed i^ corrmerce ^v. ^^'thuania: ^-rp l<^"f^t 
that to •pe^"^'' e of other nationalities. "^ busied ourselves v;ith nlowin,':^ the soil.i 
This occu"nption, it is a^-^a-ent, is very a^pronriate to the "peaceful nature and 
honest cnnscience of the "^-^ t^^nanians. 

Thouf^h they remained true "Ithuanians in s-^i"^^1t fror the berinninr to the end, !^ 

many of our niore enli-htened brothers wore forced, bv vari^^us circiimstances of 
life, to lose their identity as Lithuanians. 

Havinr been reared in the s^^lrit of the small towns and farms, ^'^e Tvo^e forc'=»d 


II £ 2 d (1) - 2 - LITIiUiugj-jN 
I D 2 b 

V ii 2 Lietuva , June 7, 1918 • 


to adopt strange ways to maice a livelihood after v;e came to America. 

Farming conditions here were altogether different. Moreover, we were 
sv/ayed by the conveniences and tne variety in the cities. It is very difficult 
for a peaceful farmer to live in a crowded city, among strangers who speak a 
strange language. It takes a long time to become accustomed to the new con- ^ 
ditions of lire eno to realize hov; one cjin make his living under seemingly un- ^ 
favorable conditions. ^ 


On all sides we saw coiruaerce, industry and trades, all of which were strange to 

us. First of all we had to acquaint ourselves with everything. Only then could g 

v/e begin to do something ourselves, rni old proverb says^ "The beginning hinaers ^~ 

the work." 'He can agree v.ith that, for all of us have had to live through many ^ 

hardships during our first days in iunerica. ^ 

After v.e had been here a while, things began to get better; some of us v;ent into 
business and others entered the professions. We accomplished this by our own 

II b 2 d (1) - 3 - LITmUNI/iN 
I C 2 b 

V A 2 Lifetuva, June 7, 1918. 


individual, unorganized efforts. V/e have not yet become organized 
to do something more important. 

Here and there v/e have founded co-operative stores — little ones — but they have 
seldom survived ano those which have survived are not prospering. 

The industrialists of America watch carefully the progress of everyday life and ^ 
manufacture quickly what the people demand. They do this by organized effort. . ^ 

7/hat is most important and necessary for the Lithuanians of America today? Dur- S 

ing fifty years we had no press. 7/e did not have the opportunity to learn to £ 

read in the old country. The majority of us learned only after coming to Amer- ^ 
ica, for here the schools are open day and night. 

We are now living through a most interesting period of the world^s history. We 
must have news every day; daily newspapers are needed. A large number of our 

II B 2 d (1) -4. LITHUANLiN 
I D 2 b 

V Jr. 2 Lietuva, June 7, 1918. 


fellow nationals knov/ no other language than Lithuanian. Considering 

the number of Lithuanians in Araerica, we should have tens of Lithua- 
nian daily papers. 

The .newspaper Lietuva > which has been published as a v/eekly until this 
time, will soon become a daily. 

Noticing the demands of the Lithuanians, we see a broad field for this paper* 
A clean, noble daily newspaper is required by the Lithuanians of America. 

By organizing our efforts, let us accomplish that \^ithout v/hich the Lithua- 
nians can no longer continue. Let us buy shares in the daily newspaper. 

For full information, Vwxite to the Lietuva Daily Committee, 814 W. 33rd 
Street, Chicago. 






II A 2 

m ^ Lietttva > Apr. 26, 1918» 
I c 


Many requests have been received for more detailed information about the 
prospective daily newspaper for nationalists since a short item about it 
appeared in a recent issue of the Lietuva> 

The requests la^ove that the people are interested in this matter and desire 
to have a good newspaper in \fliich they can find more truthful news and 
educational items and other interesting articles* 

Here we give you much information about the organizational v/ork for this 
new daily; we inform you of how this work started, how it is progressing, et 

The Projection of the Daily 

For a long time the people of Chicago and other cities have been speaking of 
the fact that a good daily newspaper is very necessary^ Articles have even 

II B 2 d (1 ) 

II A 2 

I C 

- 2 - 


Lletttva, Apr* 26, 1918« 

appeared In the newspapers, declaiming the fact that the members of 
the middle faction(natlonallsts), of whom there are more than of any other 
faction of Lithuanians in America, have not, as yet, foxmded their omi 
daily— -a daily which would not indulge in slandering and arguing, but would 
perform the task of cultural enlightenment among our people* 

Finally, Chicagoans began to consider this matter more seriously in private 
and at meetings. Everybody who was questioned on this matter was in favor of 
the proposed daily and promised to support itiif it is started. . 

A few weeks ago a meeting was called, to vihich many in favor of this project 
were invited. The meeting was held at Milda Hall, in Chicago, and, after a 
long discussion, it was decided: (1) that a new daily was necessary; (2) that the 
organizational work for such a daily should be started at once; and (5) that the 
other colonies would have to help the Chicagoans as much as possible in this work* 

At the meeting, about two thousand dollars* worth of shares in the daily were 
purchased by those present* 

II B 2 d (.1 ) - 3 - LITHU;j^lAlT 

II A 2 

III A Lietuva, ;ipr> 26, 1915. 
I C 

Hov; The Organizational V/ork Is Progressin^j; 

The question was raised, v.hether cm entirely new corporation should be or- 
ganized and nev; presses, etc., purchai>ed, or whether the organizing body 
should take over one o± the existing newspapers an'-i change it from a weekly 
to a daily. 

i^ter a long discussion the folloving opinion was subscribed to by all: y^ 

It vjould cost many thousands of dollars to purchase machinery (linotypes, presses, 
etc.) for a new press. Besides this, a sufficient amount of money v.ould have 
to be raised to c::uarantee the expenses of the daily for at least one year. Only 
after that period would the daily begin to realize a profit on subscriptions and 
advertisements. The expenses of publishing a daily for a year (figuring on a 
circulation of five thousand) would re-ch about thirty thousand dollars. If the 
cost of nev; equipment were added to this, an enormous sum of cash vjould have to 
be raised for the daily. 

II B 2 d (1) . 4 . UTHPANIAN 
II A 2 ' 

^^^ ^ Lletuva> Apr. 26, 1918* 
I C 

It is much easier when an already existent newspaper, with complete equip- 
ment, and subscribers and advertisers, is converted to a daily. This 
lessens the amount of ready cash needed, for it is not necessary to purchase 
equipment • 

If we took over a newspaper nvhich was already in existence, we would need to 
raise only sufficient money to guarantee the daily* s expenses until it could 
do a large enough business to take care of expenses by itself • 

Therefore, having thoroughly weighed the mattei, the group of originators of the 
plan for the daily began, to negotiate with the Lietuva. (Neither the publishers 
nor the editors of the Lietuva were invited to the earlier meetings, for the 
originators of the plan wanted to discuss it among themselves, without the 
administrators of the Li etuva present* ) The publishers of the Lietuva> when 
the plan was presented to them, agreed to support the plan with its press and 
to change the Lietuva into a daily, if enough money could be raised to purchase 
one more large press for printing the daily and to guarantee the expenses of 
such a daily for at least six months • 

O ' • ♦^ / 

II B 2 d (1) - 5 - LITHUANIAN 

II A 2 

III A Lietuva, Apr. 26, 1918. 
I C 

The value of the press and other property of the Lietuva will be estimated by 
experts of the shareholders* committee of the organizational group. The owners 
of the Lietuva will not receive cash, but will be f^.iven shares in the new daily. 

Expect to Raise Money Q,uickly 

It was decided at the meeting', that it would be necessary to collect at least 
twenty thousand dollars so' that the daily would not have to be tormented by 
unpaid bills from the very beginning. 

The organizers expressed the opinion that it v^uld not be too difficult to 
raise such a sum, and that the campaign should be started at once so that it 
would be possible to be^^in publishing the daily at about the end of suirimer. 
It was decided that the above-mentioned sum should be collected by August 1, 
1918. The daily could be started soon after that date. j 

The shares have been set at ten dollars each. 

The money invested by the shareholders is placed on deposit in the Universal 

II B 2 d (1) - 6 - LKHJANIAN 
II A 2 

^^^ ^ Uetuva, Apr. 26, 1918. 

state Bank, in Chicago* The bank provides receipts, or certificates, which 
ivill be replaced by shares on August !• 

Until that time not one cent of the money deposited for the daily will be 
used for another purpose or allowed to be withdrawn from the bank* If, by 
August 1, the twenty thousand dollars has not been raised and it is im- 
possible to publish the daily, the bank will return the deposited money* 
That is stated on the receipts issued by the bank to shareholders* 

It is apparent that there is no "monkey business" here, but that everything 
is so organized that people will be assured of safety and honesty, and will 
not be afraid that their money will be used for purposes other than the daily < 

The affairs of the daily will be directed by a board of directors elected by 
the shareholders themselves* Other matters concerning the administration of 
the daily will be decided later, ^en a larger number of members of the cor- 
poration will have the opportunity to cast their votes* 

n B 2 d (1 ) - 7 - LITHUANIAN 

II A 2 

III A Lletttva^ Apr, 26, 1918# 
I C 

Certain of Success 

The most important question at present is iidietlier we can raise the necessary 
twenty thousand dollars during these few months. 

Most people feel certain of success. There is no shortage of experience or 
support from various sources. Many of the present shareholders in the Lietuva 
corporation^ upon reading the announcement about the daily in the last issue ^ 
bought several shares each in the daily. Their only desire, they say, is to 
see the Lietuva become a daily. 

In towns outside of Chicago cominittees are being organized to sell shares in 
the new daily. 

The Chicagoans have already created various committees which will supervise 
the campaign. 

II B 2 d (1 ) 

II A 2 

I C 

- 8 - 

Lietjrva, Apr* 26, 1918* 

Let's Gol 


Not too mach time is left, so we must work zealously in order to achieve 
our ends* All the people of the middle faction, especially the chapters 
of the Lithuanian Nationalist League of America and the other nationalistic 
societies, ought to make a good showing in this campaign* 

Our middle faction, swerving neither to one side nor to the other, is pro- 
gressing on the broad highway toward the freedom of the Lithuanian nation and 
the welfare of the people* We have in our faction more enlightened and in- 
telligent people than the extremists have* The larger part of the Lithuanian 
public is on our side, but it is not organized and, therefore, is outyelled 
by the blusterers. The majority of our businessmen and tradesmen and the 
Lithuanian v/orkers, from \diose hearts the healthy, dignified spirit of Lith- 
uanianism cannot be uprooted by any effort, are members of o\xr middle faction* 

We have the people and the power— so ^^3iy cannot we have our ovji good, dignified, 
honest Lithuanian daily? Can we sit idle and be tolerant v/hen we see our people 

II B 2 d (1) 

II A 2 

I C 

- 9 - 

Lietuva, iipr, 26, 1918, 


being v.Tonged and led on vTon^ paths? 

The welfare of the Lithuanian emigrants and the Lithuanian nation demands that 
vje have our ovjn r^ood daily newspaper. 

Therefore v;e invite all of you nationalists and other serious men to participate 
in this v;ork. Speak to your acquaintances about it* Buy sheires v/ithout delay. 
Write immediately and state the amount you vvill invest. 

F^arther reports on the progress of this v;ork v.ill be published in the Li etuva 
and other nev/s papers. 

Organizational Committee 
814 \U 33 Street 
Chicago, Illinoii 


II B 2 d (1 ) 

II A 2 



Lletuva, Apr. 19, 1918. 



The Lithuanians of America will soon have another daily newspaper, which 
a gxroup of Chicagoans is now planning to found* The intended daily will 
be published in a Lithuanian nationalistic spirit* 

There is certainly a need for this daily since continued complaints are 
heard from all sides against the existing Lithuanian dailies on the ground 
that they "publish nothing but quarrels »»• 

The beginning of the organizational work for the new daily was very success- 
ful. At the only meeting held for this purpose, the plan for a new daily 
was enthusiastically greeted and two thousand dollars' worth of shares was 
bought. at ten dollars a share* 

We have heard that the Lithuanians of other colonies are planning to give 
great support to the Chicagoans. More detailed information will be published 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

n A 2 

IV Lietuva, Apr. 19, 1918. 

in the following edition of this paper. In the meantime, more information 
can be had either from Dr. K. Drangelis, a member of the organizational 
com^nittee (3261 South Halsted Street), or from the Lietuva office. 



II B 3 d (1 ) LIlli^AlNllAIT 

Lietuva , Jan. 4, 1918, 


(Advertisement ) 

Don*t ask others v/hat they hear aboiit the war. The Ncujienos has been 
published daily in Chicago for the last four years. The Naujienos gives 
you the latest news from all the world. 

Subscribe to the Naujienos today and you will receive the latest news about 
the war, about the peace movement, about the lives of Lithuanian-Americans, 
about the Lithuanian-i\merican youth, about jobs, about politics, etc# 

The Naujienos is the newspaper of the V.ORICSRS. It is your newspaper, for it 
is published by a corporation of more than eight hundred v/orkers like your- 
self. The Naujienos explains and defends the c-;use of the workers. 

If you have not yet seen the Naujienos , send us a card today and you will 
receive a copy free. i 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - LmUAMAK 

Lietuva, Jan. 4, 1918. 

Subscription rates: In the United States (except Chicago), by mail, five 
dollars a year; six months, three dollars; three months, $1,75. 

In Canada, seven dollars a year; six months for four dollars. Elsewhere 
outside of the United States, eight dollars a year; five dollars for six 

Money and letters should be sent to: Naujienos , 1840 South Halsted Street, 

II B 2 d (1) 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 


The newspaper Lietuva is now tv/enty-f ive years old. The first issue of the ^ 

Lietuva appeared on December 10, 1092 — the first Lithuanian nev/soaper in 5 

Chicago. At that time there were but few Lithuanian newspapers in ^toerica; "^ 

in fact, there were onl^r a fev; in the entire world. It is generally known ^ 

that the cradle of Lithuanian journalism is in Minor Lithuania (East Prussia); -d 

where the first newspapers in the Lithuanian language were established. It o 
is equally true, however, that Lithuanian journalism, together with Lithuanian l^ 
national literature and culture, was developed here in ^^morica. S 


In Greater Lithuania, as is well Icnown, all publications in the Lithuanian 
language were banned and suipressad; in Prussian Lithuania, because of the Ger- 
manization of the Lithuanians, Lithuanian journaliaT. was unable to take root 
properl^r and was unable to maintain the spirit of the Lithuanian national reviv- 
al. It was only in America, where large groups of Lithuanians had iirimigrated, 
that Lithuanian newspapers began to appear, and strong and permanent foundations 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 


of Lithuani^ii journalism were laid. On these foundations the strong institution 
of Lithuanian journalism was built, and is still being built and developed. 

The Lietuva was among the early Lithuanian cultural workers* V/hen the Lietuva 

was established in Chicago, there were only three other Lithuanian newspapers <^ 

in America — the Vienybe Lietuvninku lUnity of the Lithuanians), Plymouth, r" 
Pennsylvania; the Saule (Sun), Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania; and the Garsas t Voice), -o 

Shenandoah, Pennsylvania. Besides these three Lithuanian newspapers, a monthly o 

magazine entitled Apsvieta (Enlightenment) was published in Shenandoah, Pennsyl- '^ 

vania by Dr. John Sliupas. This periodical is no longer published. S 


The Lietuva, it may be said, was founded under unusual circumstances. First of 
all, it may be worthwhile to mention that the Lietuva was foundea on the ruins 
or a Polish newspaper. There were not many Lithuanians in Chicago or even in 
all of America at that time. To tell the truth, however, there was a fairly 
large number of Lithuanians here, but very few of them were nationally conscious 
Lithuanians. Most of them were Polonized Lithuanians who associated themselves 

II B 2 d (1) - 3 - LITHDANIAH 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 

with the Poles. At that time, Stanley Rokos and Anthony Steponavicius, brother 
of Reverend Edward Steponavicius, were publishing in Chicago a weekly newspaper, 
known as the Ref orma , in the Polish language. The newspaper was nonpartisan, 
and at first enjoyed much success. Later, however, when a new editor was ap- 
pointed, the editorial policy of the paper suddenly changed from a nonpartisan 
stand to anarchism. This policy did not help the publication; the readers re- 
fused to support it, and the owners v;ere forced to close the doors of their 
printing shop. 


Mr. Steponavicius thereupon resigned from the company and Ur. Rokos became sole cr 
owner of the printing shop, v/hich remained closed and idle for six months. The 
owner made many unsuccessful attempts to sell. The shop and editorial office 
were housed in a basement at 567 V/est 18th Street, near Blue Island Avenue. 
Being unable to sell the banlirupt Re forma , and not kna«ving what to do with the 
printing shop, Mr. Rokos decided to make use of the shop by publishing a 
Lithuanian newspaper. 

II B 2 d (1) - 4 - LITFKJitflL^ 


Lietuva , Dec. 28, 1917. 

Thus it v;as that on December 10, 1892, upon the ruins of the Polish newspaper 
Re forma , there appeared the first number of the Lietuva , the first Lithuanian 
newspaper in Chicago. The paper was not large in size — four pages measuring 
15 by 21 inches, and six columns per pa'^^e. The first editor of the Lietuva 
was John Grinius, v;ho later became a Protestant Lithuanian pastor. 

After a few issues of the Lietuva had appeared, the number of readers began to 
grow steadily. However, !lr. Rokos did not remain as the publisher for long. 
The editor could not gat along ;vith the publisher and began to agitate against 
the latter in the paper. The publisher became so enraged that, after seven 
issues of the Lietuva had appeared, he sold it to the first prospect. The new 
o;raer vzas Mr. A. V. Zaliauskas. Only six more issues of the Lietuva ;vere pub- 
lished under the new owner, the ownership of the newspaper changing hands under 
unusual circumstances. 

A. V. Zaliauskas had bought the Lietuva, together with the printing shop, from 
Rokos for five hundred dollars. Being unable to pay cash, he had made a dovm 

II B 2 d (1) • 5 - LITHU.iMj^ 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 

payment of i^l50 and had issued a mortgage for the balance. Zaliauskas had 

retained the same editor, John Grinius, who continued his attacks in the ^ 

Lietuva against the former owner. Iv!r. Rokos (whose Lithuanian name is ^ 

Rokosas) was waiting for an opportunity to get revenge. He did not have to ^ 

wait long. The new owner moved the printing shop from IGth Street to the ^ 

Bridgeport district, at 3321 South Hals ted Street, without giving any notice ^ 

to Mr* Rokos, who held a mortgage on the printing shop* In the eyes of the £ 

law such removal of the printing shop is a criminal offense* Mr. Rokos took o^ 

full advantage of this opportunity. He had Zaliauskas arrested and then sold J^J 
the Lietuva and printing shop at public auction to Peter Zacharevicius and 
Simon Lelasius for ;^350, the value of the mortgage. Both Zacharevicius and 
Lelasius are now dead. 

Therefore, the Lietuva had three different owners during the first three 
months of its existence. But after nine more issues, the ownership of the 
Lietuva changed again. Zacharevicius and Lelasius v/ere unable to keep up 
the paper because of lack of funds. They sold the paper to Anthony Olsevskis 


II B 2 d q) - 6 - LITHUANIAN 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 

for ?'550, the same price they had paid. The Lietuva remained in the hands 
of Olsevskis for twenty-four years; he developed the newspaper into one of 
the largest and most influential Lithuanian publications in the world. 

Even now it is very difficult to establish a Lithuanian newspaper, but when the 
Lietuva was founded the task was much more diflicult, because it was then 
necessary to develop an entirely new field. The successful development of that 
field now makes it much easier for new Lithuanian publications. 

V/hen Olsevskis became the owner of the Lietuva, the editorial office and print- 
ing shop were housed in the front room of a very small, narrow building at 941 
West 33rd Place. The rent was twelve dollars a month. The first issue of the 
Lietuva under the ownership of Olsevskis appeared on June 17, 1893. The news- 
paper then had a total of four hundred subscribers. Olsevskis edited the paper 



II B 2 d (1) - 7 - LITHUMIAN 

Lietiiva, Dec. 28, 1917. 

Hard Times 

Hard times prevailed in those years in the United States. The years 1893 
and 1894 were knov/n as "years of famine", unemployment prevailed all over 
the country. In Chicago, only one out of every five or six homes were oc- 
cupied; the rest bore '*for rent" or "for sale" signs. There were more un- 
employed than employed v/orkers. The city established so-called "soup kitchens" 
in various parts of the city, where starving people were given free soup. 

Therefore, after buying the Lietuva, with its circulation of four hundred, 
Olsevskis had to do all the writing for his paper, all the office v^'ork, re- 
ceive guests who wished to see the editorial office of the first Lithuanian 
nev/spaper in Chicago, and in addition he had to assist in setting type. The 
job of setting type in those days was not as easy as it might appear today to 
some people. At that time there v;ere no Lithuanian typesetters, and it was 
impossiule to get any from other cities. For that reason, the Lietuva was set 
by Polish typesetters v/ho did not know or understand even one word of the Lith- 
uanian language. One can imagine, therefore, what a woeful job it was to issue 



II B 2 d (1) - 8 - LITHUANIAN 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 

the Lietuva under such conditions. V/hen the Polish typesetters had set the 
newspaper, the proofs contained so many errors that they could be read either 
from top to bottom or from bottom to top with the same results. The proofs had 
to be read and corrected as much as five or six times. ^ 

Evidently, it v/as worse than slavery to get out the Lietuva under such terrible ^ 
conditions. Something had to be done about it. So Olsevskis placed a few 
Lithuanians in the printing shop to teach them the printing trade, w'orking 
hours in those days were much longer than they are today. The Lietuva printers 
worked from six in the morning to six in the evening. Olsevskis himself, ac- 
cording to his own statement, worked from sixteen to eighteen hours every day, 
including Sundays — frora six o'clock in the morning to ten or twelve o'clock at 
night. This is not at all surprising v;hen we remember that besides publishing 
a nev/spaper Olsevskis also conducted a steamship agency and a money-forv^arding 
business. He did all the work himself because at that time he could not afford 
to hire help. Therefore, the early road of the Lietuva and its publisher was 
not strev/n with flowers. This was all the more true because in this work, as 
in all other kinds of v/ork, many enemies began to harass Mr. Olsevskis. The 



II 3 2 d qj - 9 - LITIIUAI^IIAN 


Lietuva, Dec. 2b, 1917. 

friends of the paper tried to help,. •• .but the enemies tried to harm the nev/s- 
paper and even predicted that the Lietuva v/ould go bankrupt within three months. 
They probably had good reasons for making such a prediction, because, as v/as ^ 
already stated, the first year of the Lietuva v/as a very hard year. 3> 

However, their prediction did not come true. The nev/ owner of the Lietuva was £^ 
a man of unusual energy, and he was very industrious. He succeeded in carrying ^g 
the Lietuva through hai^i times, and he placed it on a sound business foundation. S 
From then on, the history or the Lietuva is a happier story. The newspaper be- ca> 
gan to gain more friends and more readers, and it grev/ in both size and quality; ^ 
in other v/ords, the nev/spaper enjoyed a steady and healthy growth in every re- 
spect. On October 7, 1893, the Lietuva v/as moveci to larger and more convenient 
quarters at 954: Jest 33rd otreet, v/here the rent v;as thirty-five dollars per 
month • 


II B 2 d (1) - 10 - 


Lietuva, Dec, 28, 1917. 


First Permanent Editor 

The popularity of the Lie tu va increased, and business imprcved so much that 

Mr. Olsevskis was now able to consider hiring help. He was no longer able ^ 

to handle all the work himself; so he decided to hire someone to assume the 3> 

duties of editor, while he himself took care of the administrative duties. ^ 

On December 14, 1895, L. Sernas (Joseph Adomaitis) came to America from Lith- C 

uania. He because the editor of the Lietuva beginning with the fiftieth ^g 

issue of 1895. He remained editor for twenty-two years, until 1917. Inci- 2 

dentally, he is probably the only Lithuanian who has devoted his whole life Lo 

to the field of journalism. C^ 

Year after year the Lietuva made steady progress. In rapid strides it soon 
caught up with all other Lithuanian-American newspapers, and eventually be- 
came the leading public Lithuanian institution in America. Until August 29, 
1896, the Li etu va was housed in a rented building, but on that date it was 
moved into its own building, which had been built for that purpose by l£r. 
Olsevskis. The Lietuva Building, 924 V7est 33rd Street, was erected at a 
cost of seven thousand dollars. Besides the printing shop and editorial 


II 5 2 d (1) - 11 - LrraUiaHxj^ 


Lletuva . Dec. 28, 1917. 

office, Olsevskis established in this building a private banlc and the largest 
Lithuanian book store in America. Many office v/orkers were now hired by Mr. 

Olsevskis; in the printing shop all the printers, v;ho hitherto were Poles, 5E 

were now replaced by ner.vly trained Lithuanian printers. The Lietuva remained 5 

at this location for eleven years, during which time business improved to such ^ 

an extent that the building proved to be much too small. Plans were then made r^ 

for the construction of a more spacious building to be located on the important -o 

business comer of 33rd and Halsted Streets. The building v/as completed on o 

March 1, 1907 at a cost of one hundrad thousand dollars; it was then the larg- Lj 

est Lithuanian-owned building in Chicago, The Lietuva moved into the building j^ 

on that date and is there at present. ^ 

The Lietuva building is three stories high and the ground plot is 83 by 135 
feet. The basement is occupied by the book store, stocked largely with books 
printed by the Lietuva . The front comer of the building is occupied by the 
private bank of Mr. Olsevskis. The rest of the first floor and all of the 
second floor on the 33rd Street side are occupied by the printing shop and 


II B 2 d (1) - 12 - 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 

editorial offices; the rest of the building is rented out for stores, offices, 
and living quarters • 

The Lietuva Is Enlarged 

The foregoing describes the external or material progress of the Lietuva^ ^ 

However, it is evident that there were good reasons for such splendid progress. ^ 

The circulation of the newspaper increased very rapidly from the time it was p 

established. It soon became necessary to enlarge the newspaper. After January, ^ 

1897, the size of the Lietuva pages was enlarguu from six to seven coluDins a 5 

page. Three years later, on iJovember 23, 1900, the newspaper was again enlarged; 2 

eight columns appeared on each page, and each page v;as enlarged to 20 by 26 ^ 

inches. It was published in this size for six years. On January 5, 1906, the ^ 
Lietuva v/as enlarged to twice its former size; from a four-page newspaper, it 
v/as enlarged to eight pages, seven columns per page, and is still being pub- 
lished in that size. V/hen the Lietuva was enlarged to eight pages, it became 
the largest Lithuanian newspaper in the v/orld. All the printing at that time 

II B 2 d (1) - 13 - UTHg^MIaN 


Lietuva, Dae. 23, 1917. 

was done by hand, a difficult and hichly complicated job. But on May 10, 1907, 
the Lietuva purchased its first linotype machine. Froiu then on, the Lietuva 
and all books v;ere set hy the linotype machine. 

The Lietuva Press was the first Lithuanian printing shop that dared to purchase 
a linotype machine. We say ''dared" because it was a ^!;reat and difficult step: 
It was a great step because the cost of purchasing and installing such a ma- 
chine was great; it was a difficult step because at that time there v/as not even 
one Lithuanian v/ho knew how to operate such a machine. Therefore j it was again 
necessai^^ to hire Lithuanians and teach them a trade that was hitherto unknown g 
to them. Only after a few years did other Lithuanian printing shops follov»r the ^ 
example of the Lietuva, profit by its experience, and install linotype machines. S 

Therefore, it is true, as is generally acknowledged, that the Lietuva blazed 
the trail for modem Lithuanian printing methods ^md is the mother of the ne;v 
Lithuanian press. In a comparatively short time, the Lietuva acquired three 
linotype machines, which cost over ten thousand dollars. In addition, the 



II B 2 d (1) 


- 14 - 

Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 


Lietuva bought a large book-printing machine v/hich was operated by an electric 
motor and which cost three thousand dollars. Three other smaller machines, 
known as Oordon Presses, which are driven by electric motors and which cobt 
over one thousand dollars, do the smaller printing jobs. There are now seven 
permanent employees in the printing shop; besides these, many extra, part-time 
workers are hired during the rush periods. 

It will not be out of place to mention here that the Lietuva is now the largest 
Lithuanian book-publishing house in America. It has published a very large 
number of big volumes and books, and in that way has established the largest 
Lithuanian book store in America. 




The Lietuva Press is distinguished for its quality workmanship, and at the Paris 
Exposition of 1900, the Lietuva was awarded a large golu medal, the "Grand Prix'*. 
No other Lithuanian publishing house has thus far been similarly honored. 

II B 2 d (1) - 15 - LITHUANIAN 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, lyl7. 

Those Responsible for the Success of the Lietuva 

Two persons are mainly responsible for the success and growth of the Lietuva . 

They are Anthony Olsevsicis, the publisher, v/ho has successfully developed his -6 

business into the largest Lithuanian enterprise in America, and L. Sernas, a .^ 

very able and competent journalist, who edited' the Li etuva for many years. {H 

In 1909, things began to change somewhat. Up to that time, Sernas was a young g 
and very energetic man, and was able to handle all the editorial xvork himself. 
But when the paper was doubled in size and Sernas becaiae advanced in years, the 
work proved to be too much for one man. It became necessary to hire assistant JjJ 
editors. However, much difficulty was experienced with the latter; it was hard 
for the old editor to get along with some of his assistants. As a result, the 
editorial policy and the nature of the paper's contents oscillated from one 
partisan viewpoint to another. Such sudden and repeated changes in the editor- 
ial policy have never benefited any newspaper. The policy of the Lietuva 
changeu often; one day it adhered to a socialist viewpoint, the next day it sud- 
denly changed to a nationalist viewpoint, and then again its policy would be 


II B 2 d (1) - 16 - LITHUANIAN 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 

noncommittal, neither this nor that* Finally, when Bruno K. Balutis became 
editor Ox the Lietuva , the editorial policy of the paper settled down to a 
progressive, Lithuanian nationalist viev/point, as it had once been. ^ 

On the other hand, the financial success of Olsevskis aided the grov/th of the ^ 
Lietuva in its early days, but later, as his various business enterprises be- C 
gan to expand and enjoy still greater success, he was unable to devote as much 3 
time to the business affairs of the Lietuva as he forraerly did. As a result, 2 
the growth of the Lietuva v/as somewhat retarded. In the beginning, the chief ^ 
business of Olsevskis v/as journalism and book publishing; later, his banking 
business grev; to such an extent that it occupied first place in his mind. The 
newspaper business became a kind of stepson to him. The administrative end 
of the Lietuva was considerably neglected, and the readers became dissatisfied. 

In 1916, an epidemic of failures struck the so-called private banks, to which 
group the bank of Olsevskis belonged, one private bank after another went 
bankrupt. The bank of Olsevskis, v/hich held out longer than others, was fi- 
nally forced either to reorganize into a state bank or to close its doors. 

II B :3 d (1) - 17 - Lrmu.aTiA^T 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 

After much time and effort, Olsevskis finally succeeded in reorganizing his 
bank into a state bank under the name Universal State Ban:''. 

After Olsevskis reorganized his bank, he decided to liquidate all his other 
business enterprises. For that reason, early this year, the ovvnership of the 
Lietuva passed into the hands of Joseph J. Baciunas and John ?. Pajauskas. 
The former is president and the latter secretary and business manager of the 
Lithuanian Publishing Company, which was formed by the present publishers of 
the Lietuva . The Company is incorporated for twenty thousand dollars. Thirty 
people are nov/ members of the firm. Experience has shown that it is better for 
both the nev/spaper and public when the newspaper is in the hands of a company 5^ 
rather than in the hands of one or two individuals. Vflien more people belong to 
a company the newspaper has more supporters; it enjoys greater confidence and 
the readers and company derive greater benefits. 

V/e often receive inquiries and advice froi our people in regard to the establish- 
ment of a daily nationalist nev/spaper. Many of our people are not content with 



II B 2 d (1) - 18 - LITHUAI^IAN 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 

the narrow, partisan Lithuanian daily newspapers that nov; exist in America. 
Today there is no Lithuanian in America v/ealthy enough to publish a daily 
newspaper. However, a company, v/ith many members, can do it. For that 
reason, nov; that the firm of the Lietuva has increased in membership, it 
will be possible in the near future to convert the Lietuva into a daily nev;s- 
paper; that v/ill be done if the shareholders desire it and agree to it. 

At present, both the rightist and leftist factions have daily newspapers, but _ 
the middle faction, the Nationalists, do not. For this reason, the life of r^ 
the Lithuanian-Americans is not fully or properly covered by the Lithuanian- § 
American press. The political anci public activities oi* Lithuanian-Americans 
is off balance and disorganizea, and for that reason the general interests of 
the Lithuanian nationality are suffering and are being neglected. 

The middle Lithuanian faction, the Nationalist group, is as old as the Lithuanian 
national revival moveirient. Nevertheless, this group has not as yet been organ- 
ized. Our Nationalist leaders, until comparatively recently, have been active in 


II B 2 d (1) - 19 - LITH[J.;KIia^' 


Lietuva, Dec. 28, 1917. 

the circles of one or anothar of the various partisan groups. The Nationalists 
began to organize only about two years ago, when the extreme political ele- ^ 
ments, the Clericalists ^atholic^ on one end and the Socialists on the other, ^ 
began to campaign against the Nationalists. ^ 

It is not surprising, therefore, that the organization of the middle Nationalist:^ 
faction is behind that of the Socialists and Clericalists, each of v/hich has a g 
daily newspaper. The Nationalists, it is true, have strong and more intelligent 
Lithuanian weekly newspapers, but the Lithuanian-American public has developed 
to such an extent that weekly newspapers cannot satisfy their wants. A good, ^JJ 
unprejudiced daily newspaper v;ith a middle-of-the-road Nationalist policy is 
very necessary, and, as we hear from the Lithuanian public, is verj^ desirable 
and in demand. 

After the Lietuva company becomes more strongly organized, it will probably in 
the near future supply the need for such a daily newspaper. However, that v/ill 
depend on how soon the Nationalists will become organized, and finally upon the 


II B 2 d (1 ) - 20 - LITHlLJ^LiH 


Liotuva, Dec. 23, 1917* 

decision of the shareholders of the Lithuanian Publishing Company. 

^Translator's note: In connection with this article photographs of the >^ 

following persons appear in this issue of the Lietuva ; A. Olsevskis, !• Somas, p 

B. K. Balutis, Joseph J. Baciunas, and John P. Pajauskas. In addition there ^ 

are photos of two Lithuanian men who have been readers of Lietuva since the g 

first number was issued: K. S. Jokubaitis and B. Andresunas./ ^ 

— CO 


II B 2 d (1) LITHIL\MAN 

I D 2 a (3) 

I G Lietuva, Nov. 2, 1917 • 



Joseph Laukis, editor of the Darbininku Balsas (Voice of the //orkers), which 
was recently banned by the Government, was arrested last Monday by fedei^l :^ 
agents and ple.ced under a ten-thousand-dollar bond. The Darbininku Balsas 2 
was the official organ of the Luthuanian section of the Industrial .Vorkers <^ 
of the 7;orld; It was banned by the Government together with all other I. V/. W» r; 
organs. The editors of all other I. W. W. publications had been arrested and -n 
placed in jail a long time ago. But Mr. Laukis was free until last Monday, I 
although he previously had been advised by the Government to make an effort 
to raise a bail of ten thousand dollars. Thus far he has been unable to 
raise the bond, and unless someone puts up the money for him, he will be 
forced to reniain in Jail until his trial. 



II B 2 d (1 ) LITHtJMIAN 

I G 

Lietuva> Oct, 26, 1917. 



According to the provisions of a new law, all foreign-language newspapers in 
America must submit to the post office a translated copy of all articles 
that deal with the United States Government, or with the domestic, interna- 
tional, war, or other policies of any nation that is now engaged in the war. 
;«e fully agree that in time of war there can be no room for unbridled agita- 
tion, which — whether it stems from malicious intent or from ignorance — often 
prejudices the best interests of the entire nation. The interests of the 
nation are placed in the hands of a Government elected by the people. It 
is the duty of the Government to protect the interests of the people, to whom 
the Government is alone responsible. For that reason the Government has the 
power to control all the forces that can work either good or evil for this 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 


i etuva , Oct. 26, 1917 

The press has r^reat pov/er because it moulds public opinion. One ^ood news- 
paper can be of greater service to the country than several divisions of 
soldiers. On the other hand, one bad neivspaper in the hands of an unintel- 
ligent or unscrupulous agitator can do more harm to the country than a 
whole corps of enemy soldiers. Censorship of the press during war time is 
necessary. No person ivith a sound mind can demand that in time of war the 
Government shall be deprived of the right to censor the press v/ithin certain 

The Government controls giant armies; it controls what we eat and wear dur- 
ing war times, and such control is not only sanctioned, but is even demanded ^ 
by the most radical elements of the country. Therefore, it is difficult to 
understand v\^y, under the same conditions, the Government should not have 
the right to control the press and to limit freedom of speech, especially 
when it is well known that the pen or the spoken word is mightier than the 
sword or the enin. 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 3 - LITHUANIAN 

I G 

Lletuva , Oct. 26, 1917 • 

On the other hand, such control should be exercised in a practical manner, 
without unnecessary waste of energy by either the Government or the news- 
papers. In our opinion, the present method of censorship of the foreign- 
language press is far from practical. It does not ease the censorship work 
of the Government, and it imposes great hardships upon the newspapers. 
The newspapers are obliged to make translations, to carry the burden of 
extra expenses, and to waste much valuable time. This is not productive p 
work. !Z 

The Government, on the other hand, must maintain a staff of employees to 2 
read the translations, and another staff to check the translations with the s^ 

' CD 

original texts. If this is not done, the control would be nominal only. 
This, also, is unproductive work. For that reason it cannot be said that 
the present control is '^businesslike^..... 

The very same results could be achieved if the Government would establish 
local censorship boards, or appoint censors that understand foreign languages. 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 4 - LITHDANIAN 

I G 

Lietuva, Oct. 26, 1917. 

Is it possible that the G-overnment of this country has such a low opinion of 
one seventh of the foreign-born people in this country that it must stamp 
them with a mark of distrust and place censorship control in the hands of 
Americans who do not understand any foreign languages, who must read the 
translated copies and with the aid of assistants compare th©n to the original ^ 

texts? This is a very mean and undeserved aspersion upon the foreign-born 5 

citizens of this country. -Ci 

He believe that the Government should appoint regular censors, vfco understand ^ 

foreign languages, instead of forcing foreign-language newspapers to carry § 

such a large extra financial burden, which neither brings any benefit to ^ 

the Government nor serves the Duroose for which censorship is intended. S 



• II B 2 d (1) 

' I M 

Lietuvfl, Oct. 12, l^l?. 



(Editorial) <=, 


For several days nov;, we have seen no advertisements of quack doctors in the ^ 

Naujieno s> Th??t newstiPner has eliminated them quietly without sayin,^ a word g 

to its readers. These parasites have "been advertising: in the Naujieno s for a ^ 

long time, but at last this greatest source of income to the Naujienos has S 

collapsed, tr 

For more than three years the Lietuva has carried on an uninterrupted fi,2:ht in 
its editorial pages against the Naujienos for acceioting advertisements of quack 
doctors. At last, the Nauj ienos has given in. For that we wish to thank the 
Naujienos . We also wish to thank all those who have assisted us with documents, 
affidavits, and news items to carry on the crusade against the Naujienos 

' II B 2 d (1) 
* I M 

Lletuva > Oct, 12, 1917 • 


Today, only two Lithuanian newspapers remain that still cccept advertisements 

of quack doctors. They are the KeleiTis (The Traveler) and the Laisve ^ 

(Liberty); the former is published in South Boston, Massachusetts, and the ^ 

latter in Brooldyn, New York. There are reports to the effect that the 3 

Laisve will soon eliminate the fraudulent advertisements. When the parasites C 

Jads of qixack doctors^ disappear from these two newspapers, the Lithuanian ^ 

press will be one of the cleanest in America in regard to advertising policy. 2 

We promise to help both the Kelevis and the Laisve in ridding their pages of 
fraudulent advertisements if they do not do so themselves in the near future 
-"•in Just the same way that we have so successfully aided the liaujienos in 
this regard. 





II B 2 d (1) 
I G 


Lietuva, Oct. 12, 1917. 



Many people are now complaining that the Government is preparing to place 
severe restrictions upon foreign-language newspapers in this country. The 
Government even threatens to close do;vn many such newspapers; many have already 
been ordered to cease publication. This is undoubtedly a severe penalty. Is 
there a sound basis for such action by the Government? Probably not in aU 
cases , but we must not forget that if the Government takes such measures the 
foreign-language press will be largely to blame. In demanding freedom of speech 
many foreign-language newspapers use that liberty to "criticize" the Government. 
At times, such criticism is honest, but often it is entirely v/ithout sound 
basis, and is carried to the point where it would v/in the gratitude of the Kaiser 






Those newspapers which demand freedom of the press, the right to publish anything 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITlFJaI'II/jII 

I G 

Lietuva, Oct. 12, 1917. 

that their saliva brings to their mouths, and the right to stir up the masses, 
have a mistaken notion of what freedom of the press means. The Government and 
the President have more than once declared that it is permissible to criticize 
the Government, that criticism of the Government is even desirable, but that 
such criticism must be supported with sound logic and must have a sound basis. 

Everyone agrees that freedom of speech is a fundamental right of every American 
citizen. But that does not mean that this right may be used to harm the interests 
of this country. Every person, for example, has the rigjit to eat whatever he 
has or v.1iatever he wants to eat. But v^en a person gets sick, a doctor usually 
places him on a diet; the patient is forbidden to eat certain foods, although he o 
may have a great desire for them. A doctor does not attach any importance to r^ 
satisfying a sick person's appetite; he is mainly interested in overcoming the 
disease and in bringing the patient back to health. The doctor v;ill not permit 
the patient to eat certain foods even if the patient demands them very 


( — ^ 


II B 2 d (1) - 3 - LITHUi^TlAN 

I a 

Lietuva, Oct. 12, 1917. 

A state of war is a disease affecting the vtoole country — and it is one of the 
greatest and most dangerous diseases. Under such conditions, it often becomes 
necessary, willingly or unwillingly to deny the people certain things upon which 
there are no restrictions in time of peace. During a state of war no person can 
do anything and everything he pleases; he cannot demand everything that he was 
able to demand in time of peace. The interests of one person or of one political 
faction are very insignificant compared to the interests of the entire country. 
For that reason it often becomes necessary, in order to protect the interests 
of the country during a state of war, to prohibit certain acts that are permissi- 
ble during times of peace. 

It cannot be any other way. There are laws which restrict liberty, including g 
freedom of speech; there are lavre that prescribe penalties for the violation of ''"•^ 

such laws; and there are courts in which such cases are tried and decided. 
IXiring a state of war, when there is not much time for trivialities, the people 
endow the government with greater powers, including the right to restrict those 
who demand and take too much liberty. In Russia, after the recent revolution. 



II B 2 d (1) - 4 - LITHUANLUnT 

I G 

Lietuva, Oct. 12, 1917 • 

the people were granted unlimited freedom of speech and freedom of the press. 
However, thus far the people have been unable to take proper and intelligent 
advantage of that freedom, We are all familiar with the present chaotic ^^ 
situation in Russia; hardly anyone would want a similar situation in the United "^ 
States . ^^ 

Before we demand complete liberty we must first learn how to use such liberty 
intelligently. It often happens, however, that those vfco make the greatest de- 
mands for complete liberty are those who are least able to use it intelligently 
and vdio are not willing to grant as much liberty to others as they demand for 



II B 2 d (1 ) LITHPMIAN 

III B 3 a 
III C Lletuva, Sept. 7, 19 17, 



Reverend P. Bucys has resigned as editor of the Lithuanian daily Draugas 

(Friend). According to reports a change in the editorship of the Draugas 

was decided upon at the recent convention of Lithuanian- American Roman 

Catholic priests at Niagara Falls, New York* There were two opposing 

groups at the convention — followers of Reverend Bucys and followers of 

Reverend F. Kemesis. The latter group gained the upper hand and as a 

result Reverend Bucys was forced to resign as editor of Draugas . It is 

now rumored that Reverend Bucys will become pastor of the Lithuanian parish ^ 

at Sheboygan, Wisconsin. 

All this serves to show that Reverend Kemesis is still the big boss of the 
clericalist faction. 



I G 

I E Lietuva, July 27, 1917. 




In the last issue of the Lietuva ^ we warned our people to beware of all 
agitators who in any way whatever urge opposition to government laws 
pertaining to aimy service. We had good reasons for warning our people; 
agitation against war registration was carried on by some orators and certain 
newspapers y and now many misled young men who failed to register are sitting 
in jails. 

It goes without saying that these agitators v/ill not publicly make such 
direct statements as ^Do not register!'* or, "Do not support the Grovemmentl" 
If they would say these things openly, they would soon be grabbed by their 
necks and thrown into Jail. However, agitators guard their own (but not 
others*) necks very carefully. Instead of making such open statements, 
they spread discontent among the people with '^criticism," regardless of 




II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

I G 

I E Lietuva, July 27, 1917. 


whether that "criticism" is honest or not. 

We are not concerned about who makes such criticism, whether the editors 
of the Nau j ienos (News) or anyone else. Our concern is to prevent our 
people frcm being misled by this criticism and from getting into trouble, 
as has happened to many in connection with the war registration. 

Those who labor only for the welfare of the people do not take advantage of 
certain situations to promote the selfish interests of their political groups* 
But^^^L?. P. Grigaitis^ the president of the Lithuanian Workers' Council and 
editor of the newspaper Nau j ienos > is really attempting to take advantage of 
the present war situation to promote that shady creation of his, the 
Lithuanian Workers' Council. In addition, we know that the Nau j ienos has Dl 
been supporting and is still supporting the war resolution of the Socialist 
Party. Among other things, that resolution endorsed the organization of the 
masses against war registration. 0\ir readers can obtain detailed and 
authentic information on this point by reading the article entitled "A 


II B 3 d (1 ) - 3 - LITHUANIAN 

I G 

I E Lietuva, JvOLy 27, 1917. 


Socialist on Socialists and V/ar**, v/ritten by Upton Sinclair and 
published in this issue of the Lietuva . 

We do not desire to criticize the motives of the editors of the Naujienos > 
They probably believe in ivhat they advocate, and they will answer for their 
own deeds. But we consider it to be our duty to explain to the people the 
fate that awaits them if they listen to agitators of every description. The 
Naujienos calls o\ir warning to the people a "petty denunciation". That is 
nonsense I ^Vhat the Naujienos writes or does is known not only to us but to 
all people. And to state what everyone already knov/s cannot be called a 
denxinciation. Therefore, the editors of the Naujienos are quite iinnecessarily F 
placing a martyr's crown upon their heads. In addition, the editors of the 
Naujienos attempt to extenuate their conduct by saying that they submit news 
to the people "impartially," so that people may know how to act. 

Enoiagh of all this I Enough! The news in the Naujienos is just as impaarbial 
as the "news" about quack doctors that appears in the advertising section of 





II B 2 d (1 ) - 4 - LITtlUAI-IIAIT 

I G 

I E Lietuva, July 27, 1917. 


that paper. (The Lietuva stopped accepting advertisements from 
quack doctors a long time agoS) Eve ly one xvho i^eads the Naujienos is very 
well acquainted with its brand of impartiality and knows how the nev/spaper 
supplies the people with news "so they may know hov/ they shotild act". 

You masters of the Naujienos , read in the "Views on Many Topics", in this ^ 
issue of the Lietuva , the complaint of one person whose pockets were emptied, 5 

and who v/as driven into a serious disease, by quack doctors with v^om he <=^ 

became acquainted through advertisements in the Naujienos . You know that r^ 

those doctors are fraudulent, and you knoiv that they are sucking the blood -o 

of the workers like parasites! In accepting their advertisements, are you o 

assisting the people to "know hov/ they should act"? "There is that impar- c^ 

tiality you speak of? You are selling your readers to fraudulent doctors § 

for the filthy dollars which you receive for their advertisements, and yet '-^ 
you dare to speak about "morality"! 

In view of these facts, how can v/e trust that your motives are good? Cleanse 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 5 - LITEIUAHIAN 

I G 

I E Lletuva . July 27, 1917. 


yourselves at least of some of the dirt! And until you do that, 
and as long as you continue to **sell" disease to workers for the filthy 
dollars of fraudulent doctors, keep your mouths shut and don't talk about 
•Morality'*! Those who are not concerned with the welfare of the workers 
in one respect can hardly be concerned with the v/elfare of the workers in 
other respects. From your acts, we can see that you are solely interested 
in making money and in promoting your narrow politics. These very same 
accusations are also made against you by your own friends — the Socialists • 



II A 2 

Lietuva, July 27, 1917. 


Next Tuesday, June 31, all the property of the newspaper ICatalikas (The 
v-^.tholic), which folded up at the end of last year when the private bank of 
John Tananevicius v/ent bankrupt, will be sold by the covemment at public 
auction. Every bit of property of the Katalikas , which was owned by John ^ 
Tananevicius, including fixtures, printing machinery, printing equipment, ^ 
furniture, books, musical instruments, etc., will be auctioned at the sale* ^ 

The sale v;ill be conducted by Samuel L, Wintenitz & Company . It v/ill be ^g 
possible to purchase the various items separately. A list of the various 2 
items that will be sold can be obtained from the above-mentioned firm, co 
v/hose address is Room 506, Rector Building, on the corner of Clark and 
Monroe Streets. Last Thursday the building and real property of the bank 
of John Tananevicius was sold at public auction. The bank building (known 
as the Blatalikas Building), about ten lots, and several homes v/ere sold 
for a total of about $36,500. The bank building alone was sold for almost 


II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LI1H[JANIi\II 

II A 2 

Lietuva . July 27 , 1917 . 

^28,000. The cost of constructing the building v/as about $70,000. 



II B 2 d (1) LITEnL^i;JT 

I G 

IV Lietuva, July 27, 1917. 


The office of the Lietuva , 814 .Vest 33rd Street, has been open evenings for 
the past week to assist and advise those men ;yho are affected by the war 
draft. Many readers of the Lietuva came to the office from various Lithuan- 
ian colonies, such as Englewood, Cicero, the North Side, the 18th Street Dis- r€ 
trict, South Chicago, etc. The hearts of many of these men v/ere greatly 2 
relieved after they had received authentic information in regard to their "~ 
status in the draft. For example, one man who was unable properly to under- r^ 
stand the announcements in the American newspapers, believed that his number -o 
was among the first drawn and that he would be called into the army immediately* o 
It turned out, however, that his number is in the eleven thousand group, and i^ 
that he •.-.ill not be called until very long time has elapsed. S 


llauDT men were neatly frightened by practical jokers who misled the men to be- 
lieve that the:r will ba the first to be called into the army; they showed great 
relief when they learned their true status at the office of the Lietuva . The 
office will also be open every evening next week to advise those men who will be 


II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LI1EUAHLAN 

I G 

IV Lletuva . July 27, 1917 • 

called before the exemption board next week. Information, answers to questions, 
and the filling out of legal documents — these services will be provided by- 
Attorney Bruno K. Balutis, editor of the Lietuva. 


I D 2 a (3) 

I 3 Liotuva, July 20, 1917. 



It is reported that the Lithuanian Industrial .Vorkers (the Lithuanian branch 
of the Industrial .Vorkers of the World) plan to revive their organ, the 
Darbininku Balsas (Voice of the Vorkers), v;hich was formerly published in 
Baltimore, Maryland. It is planned go resume publication in Chicago in the 
near future* Mr* J, Laukis has been invited to become the editor. 





II B 2 d (1) 


I G 





The newspaper Lietuva has devoted much space in support of the war regis- 
tration of June 5, 1915, and the first Liberty Loan drive • 




The fGllowing articles were published in support of the war registration: 
May 11, an editorial entitled ^•An Opportunity to Render a Good Service,** § 
urging Lithuanians to volunteer as^^r census/enumerators; Liay 25, an 
editorial entitled ''Registration or ;Var Census**, ui^ing Lithuanian men 
not to fail to register; June 1, a long article — almost a full page — en- c?i 
titled **Register on June 5,** explaining in detail every question to be 
asked; and, in connection with this article, a facsimile of the registra- 
tion card with the questions translated into the Lithuaniem language and 
filled in with sample answers* 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - LITHPMIAN 

I O 

Lletuva> June 15, 1917. 

The Liberty Loan drive was supported in the following manner: an advertise- I 

ment, twelve inches high and four columns wide, entitled ♦'The Duty of a 
Patriot !♦♦, with a facsimile application blank for a/Libert^bond appeared 
in the May 25, June 1, and June 18 issues; another advertisement, eight 
inches high and two columns wide, with a picture of the Statue of Liberty ^ 

and the words '♦You Buy a Liberty Bond Lest I Perish", appeared in the ^ 

June 15 issue; an article entitled '♦Liberty Loan", announcing and explain- F 

ing the Liberty Loan drive, appeared in the June 1 issue; a long article -^ 

entitled "/ftiy It Pays to Buy Liberty Bonds", explaining the bond issue in 3 

detail and urging Lithuanians to buy, appeared in the June 8 issue. ^- 




II B 2 d (1 ) LITHUA!7IAN 


Lietuva, June 3, 1917, 



On Jtine 1, 1917, the newspaper Lietuva passed into the hands of new owners. 
The newspaper was purchased from Mr. A. Olsauskas (Olszewski) by Mr, Joseph 
Baciunas and John Pajauskas, who some time ago had purchased the printing 
plant of the Lietuva . 

Both of the new owners of the Lietuva learned the printing trade in the Lietuva 
plant, where they have been employed since their youth. They are recognized 
now as being among the best Lithuanian-American print ers» 

The change in ownership has caused many people to wonder about the future edi- 
torial policy of the Lietuva . Readers are hereby assured that the editorial 
policy will remain what it was before. In the political field, the Lietuva 
has been adhering to a middle-of-the-road policy, without favoring either of 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITI!ITMIA>^ 


Lletuva , June 8, 1917. 

the two extremes. This policy will be adhered to. The paper will continue to 
defend our national interests against all enemies, be they Lithuanians or non- 
Lithuanians. The parser will also continue in its efforts to create unity — and 
not further dissension— amonf!; all Lithuanian- American factions, so that all 
will work in harmony for the benefit of Lithuanian nationalism. 

Now that a change in the ownership of the Lietuva has taken place, we wish and 
hope that the Li etuva will continue to be the torch of enlightenment among 
Lithuanian- Americans that it has been in the past. _ 

If we support the new owners, their good intentions, their sound and energetic ^ 
efforts, and their industry, there can be no doubt that the Lietuva vxill enjoy l}i 
a very prosperous future. 

\ ^ 

' II B 2 d (1) 

I D 1 b 

II A 2 


Lietuva, June 8, 1917 • 


•♦We hereby notify the readers and friends of the newspaper Lietuva (Lithuania) 
that on June 1, 1917, we, the undersigned, purchased Lietuva. 

"•During the past few weeks, because of the reorganization of the bank of 
A. Olsauskas (Olszewski) into the Universal State Bank, a bank coming under 
governmental regulations, the administration of the newspaper was neglected 
to a great erbent. This neglect, though unavoidable and unintentional, 
caused various inconveniences to readers of the paper. Since we have taken 
over the affairs of the newspaper, our immediate concern has been to take 
care of all unfinished business with the thought of giving our readers and 
friends quick and conscientious service. Already Lietuva has honestly and 
usefully served the Lithuanian -American public for twenty-five years. 
During all those years of faithful service the newspaper has earned the 
respect and honor of the Lithuanian-American public of Chicago and elsewhere. 
This newspaper will continue to serve its readers and the Lithuanian-i\merican 
public as faithfully as it did in the past. As far as we will be able, we 






II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

I D 1 b 

II A 2 Lietuva, June 8, 1917, 

will strive constantly to improve the paper and make it still more use- 
ful to our people ♦ On the other hand, we believe that all Lietuva ^s old friends 
and supporters, of idiich there was always a large number, will continue to 
remain friends and supporters of Lietuva now, and will boost Lietuva always 
and everywhere with their good words, advice, subscriptions, etc. 

•*The office and the printing plant of Lietuva remain in the same place; 

however, the entrance to the office has been changed. Whereas it used to be 

through the bank at 3252 South Halsted Street, the entrance will now be at 

814 West 33rd Street. Therefore, the new address of Lietuva is 814 West 33rd o 

Street, Chicago, Illinois. ^ 


"Respectfully, ^ 

"Joseph J. Baciunas 
"John P. Pajauskas." 


II 3 2 d (1) 

Liebuva, Jan. IS, 1917 

.. Cllciaj; OF ~JlDTT07i3 

Ilr, ?• 3raiidul<:as, :v:io '.vas the oditor of tlie Ilatalikas (The Catholic) for i.iany 
years, is no i "ho 3ditor of ^ha Jraugas (The ?riend), lie Mr. Braiidiikas was 
the editor of the Drauras for a short tiiie once before. This change indicates 
th£:t the I^talifcis has been adhering to the saiae political policies as the 
Drauras and the Darbininkas (The V/or.^or), v;hich is published in Boston, Ilassa- 

It is reported that Julius Kaupas, editor of the Draugas , has becone 
the business r.anap:er of the Ilatalikas. 

II B 2 d (1 ) LITKUi:^!!'^ 

III .. 

Lietuva, Dec. 1, 1916. 

.iNOTIiii:!: LI'rHU.2TlAlI Irj^'iSr^^ : CIL: IH CHIO.vOO 

Roselandietis {Tae lloseL-inder) is the name of anothsr i.ithuanian nev;spaper 

born in Chicago. The Roselandietis differs from other Lithuania!; nev/spapers ^ 

in that it is purely a neif'jiborhood paper. Its policy 'v/ill be concerned v/ith 5 

only the interests of Lithuanians living: in lioseland. It will be published <=^ 

once every month. r* 


The first issue '^f the paper contains advertisements of local merchants, o 

notices of society meetin.^s, and local nev/s. It is similar in all respects L> 

to the v;eekly conijunity nev/spapers that are bein{^ published in the iinglish S 

lan[-un ;e in various sections of Ghicaco; the only difference is that the ^ 
Rosela ndiet i s is published in the Lithuanian lan.^uage. 

ilr. Charles Baronas is the editor, and .x. P. I. ..ontvila is the manager. 
The address of the Roselandietis is 11004 Jouth ...ichifan x^venue* 


II B 2 d (1 ) 

II ii 2 


LietuTa,_ Oct. 6, 1S16. 

0? TrE LISTI7/i^ A3 R3QUIR^D 3Y lu'uV 


V^pA (IlL) ?nvl'^Ui^ 


In the annual statement (October 1, 1916) oT the ownership, management, cir- 
culation, etc., of the weekly Lietuva (Lithuania), required by the Act of 
Congress of iiu{^ust 24, 1912, the following; information apr^ears. It is 
stated that the publisher is Lietuva Publishing Company, 3252 Jouth Halsted 
Street, Chicago, Illinois; the editor is L. Sernas, 636 East 38th Street, 
Chicago, Illinois; the managing editor is B. K. Balutis; 814 "uest 33rd Street, 
Chica^^.o, Illinois; the business manager is J. /imbrosius, 7010 iiiberhart Avenue, 
Chicago, Illinois; the stockholders are i^. Olszewski, 3252 oouth Halsted 
Street, Chicago, Illinois; J. ambrosius, 7010 Eberhart .^venue, Chicago, 
Illinois; and B. K. Balutis, 314 V.est 33rd Street, Chicago, Illinois. 

II 3 2 d (1) LI^IU-JHAII 


ITaujie?v>3 > Apr. '38, 1915. 

lEV; l.ElHi:R C? :L\UJTi:iIOS ST..FF 


The Ilaujionos (!Iev;s) has procressed to such an extent that v;e have been forced 
to seek another asnif=5tant for our editorial staff, l/e are pleased to announce 
t'vit beriimln.^ liiy 1, li*. .inthony Lalis, knovm to everyone as the author of 
the :-sn.^lish -Lithuanian Dictionary , v;ill becone a member of the editorial staff ^^ 
of the Ilaujienos . Comrade Lalis*^ is well kiiovm to the intelli'-^ant Lithuanian 
public as a talented vn'iter and « f^ifted leader. For iiany 3^ears he lias been 
active in the 3ocialist Ibvenent and at present he belouL'-^ to the Socialist 
Party. He is one of the founders of the ITaujienos , and has contributed various 
articles to this publication. V/ith Comrade Lalis added to our editorial staff 
the ITaujienos will be p-roatly improve!. 


CO t 

' II B 2 d (1) LimPANIAN 

17 Ifetujlenos . Mar, 20, 1916. 


The Haujleaos first appeared in Chicago two years ago yesterday, March 19 • 
Initially published as a weekly, it later became the first and largest 
Lithuanian daily • Now it is the only daily. 

A grand program was arranged in the Pilsen Auditorium yesterday to observe ^ 

in a fitting manner the newspaper's second anniversary • The large hall was p 

filled before the program began. ••••The people came from everywhere to cele- <^ 

brate the completion of two years of fighting and hard work which made their S 

Naujienos what it is today. They came to rejoice in the fruits of their 2 

efforts. And they all rejoiced, for there was reason to do so. Other dailies - q 

had been published and had gone out of existence, but their Naujienos con- |^ 
tinned to grow and become stronger. Today it is so strong, so widely circu- 
lated, that according to P. Grigaitis ^^he paper's editoj^, an earthquake 
wo\xld be required to destroy it. 


II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - LITHDAKIAN 


IV Ngujienos, Mar« 20, 1916* 

The program opened with the playing of the "Marseille" •••• by the Progressive 
Musician* 8 Federation of America. Then the president of the Naujienoa 
Publishing Company delivered a short speech* Briefly he stressed the im- 
portance of the daily to Lithuanian workers, and he invited the friends of 
the Naujienos to increase their support and to help the paper to attain a 
wider circulation. The program continued with songs by the Aidas Chorus 
from Kensington, songs by F. Jalcutis, recitations by J. Briedis, and violin 
selections by little Filipavicius. 

The master of ceremonies, A. Petratis, then introduced P» Grigaitis, editor 
of the Naujienos , who was greeted with thunderous applause. And why not? 
Upon his shoulders had been placed the greatest and heaviest burden — that ^ 
of conducting the Naujienos in such a manner that it would be not merely a 
newsimper, but a mirror of the lives of the Lithuanian workers, pointing the 
way to and disseminating enlightenment and understanding. And he has suc- 
cessfully acconiplished his task. Most of the credit for the success of the 
Naujienos belongs to him. It was for this reason that the public greeted 


II B 2 d (1) - 3 - LITHITANIAN 


IV Maujienos , Mar* 20, 1916 • 

v. Grigaitis so warraly. 

The hall was quiet as Mr* Grigaitis began his speech; the expectant audience 
wished to hear every word. The speaker explained ?iiy the Nau J ieno s was 
established, and discussed the policy of the publication* The Naujienos was 
established because some of the Lithuanian newspapers in Chicago were drag- 
ging their readers to Rome and the others were preparing to follow them* 
The Lithuanian workers* movement was either ignored or derided* The Maujienos 
did not adopt this policy* It was and still is with the workers, and con- p 
tinues to conquer new fields. ^ 

The NauJ ienos had, at the very beginning, more readers than the older news- "^ 

papers have even now* This \«as a result of the fact that the Mau J ieno s is g 

not the property of one individual, but of the people themselves, the S 

Lithuanian workers* When the war—the awful slaughter— began in Europe, 

it was necessary to give the people the latest news in its true light* That 

is ?ihy the publishers decided to make the Naujienos a daily* Although the 


II B 2 d (1) - 4 - LITHDANIAN 


IT Naujlenos t Mar* 20, 1916 • 

treasury was ernpty^ the workers knew that they could acconiplish anything 
they really imnted to* And they succeeded* Today the Naujlenos is the 
largest Lithuanian newspaper and the only Lithuanian daily not only in 
America but in the whole world* The Lithuanians have never had such a 
large daily* The Naujienos has become influential aiDong the people, and 
has even compelled its enemies to pay it homage* 

Whan other newspapers attei!^)ted to swim under water where they hoped to ^ 
encounter but little resistance, they beccune waterlogged and finally succumbed* ^ 
The Naujienos, however^ bowed to nothing; it overcame many obstacles because £ 
it is published not for profit but for an ideal* The Hau J ienos is a pro- ^ 
gressive and revolutionary newspaper* It does not classify Lithxianians by 
religious creeds, but distinguishes them as workers or capitalists* And 
since practically all Lithuanians are workers, the Hau J ienos has the largest 
field in which to thrive* 

The Naujienos will have to grow and thrive until it reaches and wins over 

II B 2 d (1) - 5 - LITHUANIAN 


IV Naujlenos t Mar* 20, 1916« 

all the Llthxianlcai workers • The Nau j ienos > like the workers, has nothing to 
lose but its chains, and it can win the vdiole world* Today, n^en the most 
awful slaughter is in progress in Europe, the people permit themselves to be 
overcome by sorrow and apathy, and for this reason the present is the best 
time for the reactionaries to strengthen tham3elves« And they are not asleep 
at the switch* One of the worst cmd most hypocritical forms of reaction is 
clericalism* Clericalism is the greatest enemy of the workers because it 
keeps them in ignorance and shatters their unity* Taking advantage of the 
chaos in Europe, our clericals have become active and are getting stronger* 
Hitherto they have spoken only of the love of one's neighbors* Now that they 
have become more powerful, they are calling everybody to battle, and they 
plan to crush all those who do not serve them* The Nau J ienos accepts this 
challenge and is determined to fight clericalism until the latter is complete- 
ly crushed* The audience greeted this expression with enthusiastic applause. 

In concluding his address, P* Grigaitis invited everyone to do even more for 
the newspaper* He urged the audience to become members of the Nau j ienos 

II B 2 d (1) - 6 - LITEHJAHIAN 


IV NauJleno8> Mar» 20, 1916# 

Company in order that the Maujlenos have a wider circulation, and be able 

to attain its aims more quickly* He expressed ';he hope that next year, 

when the third anniversary will be observed, ar eight-page Naujienos will 

be published, not three but six times a v/eek, for the aim of the Naujienos 

is not to make a profit but to give the readers a better and larger news- ^ 

paper, so that new hosts of readers can be won. It is necessary for every- ^ 

one to do Just a little more workJ p 

Sustained applause followed ISr. Grigaitis* speech, which pleased everyone* S 

Everyone was happy, and everyone pledged himself to greater support for their 2 

Ifaujienos* Those who were not members JT. e. shareholders in the publishing c^ 
company/ hastened to buy shares right on the spot. 

A male chorus then sang, and a souvenir photograph of the assembly was taken, 
After a period of dancing, the crowd dispersed. All were happy on their way 
home, and rejoiced in the beautiful results of their efforts. Observing all 
this, one wants to shout with P. Grigaitis: **Let us keep busy, and the 

II B 2 d (1) 


- 7 - 

Nau j lenoe . Mar. 20, 1916 


Lithuanian world will be oursl" 








IV Naujienos . l!ar. 16, 1916. 


Beginning ;7ith yesterday's edition, the Katalikas will henceforth be 

published as a weekly newspaper. On the front page, publisher S. P. :g 

'T^ananevlcius anno\inces that •'the Luthu^nian daily" has ceased publication; S 

that a weekly newspaper will be published in its place. The Katalikas was -^^ 

a weekly until more than a year and a half ago, when it became a daily. rj 

In his annoimcerient Mr. Tananevicius also explains the reasons which o 

forced him to cease daily publication. One of the reasons he gives is the co 
fact that the Lithuanians are scattered far and wide throughout America. Q 
According to him, there is not one Lithuanian colony in America large 
enough to support a daily. The daily must seek readers in distant cities, 
but it is not able to give those leaders the news when it happens. The 
second reason contributing to the failure of the Katalikas as a daily was 
the competition and agitation provided by the priests. Here is vxhat Mr* 
S. P. Tananevicius writes on this point: 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

lY Naujienos , Mar. 16, 1916. 

'•Another cause is the confusion with which, it seems, all Lithuanians of 
America are doomed to be afflicted at some time. Sound reasoning demands 
that each person occupy himself with the v/ork he has selected for himself. 
This should he especially true of the priests v;hose position is too important ^ 
and responsible for them to sho\ilder tasks other than their own, provided 
they desire to perform their own duties well. The sphere of the priest is 
the parish and the chiirch; publishing a nev/spaper is not part of his work. 


'•However, a large group of Lithuanian priests apparently understand and look 
upon this matter otherv/ise. They are concerned not with church and religious 
matters, but v/ith participation in cheap politics, the underlying cause of 
which is jealousy. Not satisfied v/ith weeklies, they have decided to publish 
a daily. As is appai*ent, their aim is not so much to publish a daily as to 
kill the dailies now in existence. To publish a daily under the conditions 
on v;hich they are prepared to proceed, is utterly impossible from a practical 
viewpoint. A daily published under such conditions cannot pay for itself. Ky 
long experience in publishing a daily enables me to assert this to be a fact. 




II B 2 d (1 ) - 3 - LITERMTIAIT 


IV Naujienos , Mar. 16, 1916. 

"TheoTefore, have they decided to publish a daily merely to injiire somebody 
else? And vdll they close their ovm shop when no other dailies are left? 
I do not want to, and I will not, compete against such opposition. If our 

priests have so much money that they are able to throw some away every year, :S 

let them do so until they tire of it. Giving them a clear road and, at the 5 

same time, extending them the honor due to the despoilers of the Lithuanian ^ 

press, I withdraw and relinquish my place to them," rj 


It is stated clearly that the priests killed the Katalikas as a daily. For o 

what? V7as it because it was **godless^? V/as it because it attempted to *co 

destroy religion and the Roman Catholic Church? S 

Nothing of the sort! The Katalikas did not promote godlessness; it did not 
campaign against religion or the church. In fact, it censured and bawled out 
those who dared to criticize these things. The priests fought it and defeated 
it merely because it refused to dance to the music of their politics! 


II B 2 d (1) - 4 - LITHU.\I/J^ 

III C • 

r\r Naujienos , 16, 1916. 

V/hile defendine Catholicism, the Katalikas refused to heed eveiy command of 
the priests for several reasons. First, such compliance to the wishes of the 
priests v;ould mean absolute surrender—absolute hurrdlity. Second, such com- 
pliance v;ould have resulted in a severe material blov; to the Katalikas , Being -- 
an experienced businessman, its publisher foresav/ that the rise of clericalism 5 
at this moment of v/orld chaos is not a healthy sicn in public life*, that it <r: 
is merely a temporary boil v/hich has appeared on the ailing body of society. • F 
:7hen the skies clear and the suffocatinc fog rises, that .;oil v.-ill have to 
burst, leaving only its foul smell behind. 

Understanding all this, the publisher of the Katalikas could not surrender 
his nev/spaper into the hands of the blustering priests. He made many com- 
promises, but v/hen he sav; that they v/ere attempting to shackle him com- 
pletely, he decided to cease publishing his daily rather than surrender 
it to them. Such an action does him honor. 

The story of the Katalikas is the confirmation of all that the progressive 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 5 - LITHUiVMLm 


IV Naujlenos , Liar. 16, 1916. 

piress has thus far v/ritten about the clericals. It proves they are not 

merely the defenders of religion and the church. Religion and the church ^ 

mean less to them than the rectory. They v/ill destroy him who does not 5 

heed their commands, even though he might be a faithful ally of Catholicism. ^ 

Therefore, the people refer to them correctly when they call them "clericals^ r; 

and not "Catholics"! However, if the cleric-ils harbor the illusion that ^ 

they will be able to "bomb" the v;orking man's press in the same manner, o 

they are badly mistaken. The workers' press, being the only true and '^ 

successful opponent of clericalism, v/ill win the support of the public in § 
an ever-increasing measure as the "black army" increases its violence. 

It is quite instructive to recall that the two diilies xvhich have ceased 
publication in Chicago v;ere both submissive to the clericals. The Katalikas 
itself, if it had had the courage to oppose the clericals, undoubtedly 
would have been better able to fir>ht them off. It was not opposition but 
submission that harmed the Katalikas. 


II B 2 d (1 ) - 6 - LITHUAITIAIT 


IV Naujienos , Liar. 16, 1916.- 

The Naujienos has never been subr»iissive to the clericals^ Therefore, 

while other dailies weakened and went under, the Naujienos became stronger 

and grev/ larger. There can be no doubt that it will not bow to the clericals 

in the future. Not in the least I The Naujienos is already strong enough not ^ 

only to hold its ground against the clericals, but also to burst the black ,-^ 

bubble they are preparing to blov/ in Chicago. vl 




II 3 2 d (1) 
I C 

LITHim"T j:^ 

Lietuva , Jc:m. 7, 1916. 

/E?.v coLUi.ii TO i)Fi^AR T" li:ctuy:7 


V/ith the beginning of this nev/ year, v;e have nade changes in our ne^-js- 

paper. ••••Be^inninp; v;ith this issue, there v:ill be a nev; and regular sec- 
tion called *"rhe Political**. .©..In this section v:e will write about 
political events in the United otates. It seerr.s to ps that such a sec- 
tion is very important for our people (Lithuanians), because althoui^h they 
are citizens of America, their knov/ledce of the political afrairs and 
the life of this country/ is very limited, -ijnerican politics is very much 
neglected in all of our newspapers. 

This should not be» There are jnany Lithuanian citizens and also a large 
number of prospective citizens. By being vell-inforiiied citizens, they 
can defend their rights, and they v;ill be respected by honorable .-uaerican 



II b 2 d (1) 
I c 

Lietuv '., J::ji« 7, lC0-6» 

citizens :.s, :"or instancG, the Ozochs :,re« In this soction, "'Jlio Political 
'Veek," the reador v;ill find all t:ie i:iport..u:.t political ne;:s of J5ierica» 

PA ^'i 

, i„ , r - - ■ ^ t' — . - ■■ ■ " ■ ■ ■ - 

III c 
I c 

r/ Lietuva^ Ncv. 5, 1916 • 



Recently, it has not been clear to us — nor, undoubtedly, to majiy LithuaniDn' 
Anericans — just v;hy the newspaper Draugas (The Friend) is being :3ublished# 
Until recently we believed that the Lithuanian priests established the 
Draugas for the purpose of ansv/ering criticisn against theia and their re- 
ligion, and for the purpose of pronoting Catholicism among Lithuejiisji- 

As far as we know, the Catholic religion forbids anyone to make asss.ults 
upon people, to break into their homes, and to destroy the tranquillity of 
a family. Such acts are forbidden not only by the Catholic religion, but 
also by the laws of all civilized countries and by common moral sense. A 
person who violB.tes any of these laws by breaking into another person's 
home is called a burglar, a criminal, a hooligan, or some similar term. 

X± D C* U. 



III c 
I c 

IV Lietuva, Nov. 5, 1915. 

All violators of these lav/s are punished by goveriinental statues and denounc- 
ed hy the public* 

The most vicious kind of hcoligeji is the one whc openly breaks into s^Jiother 
person's hone via the press by dragging the private life of a fenily before 
the public eye with the intent to ridicule, smear vdth mud, and defane an 
innocent housewife* All persons v/ho indulge in such a practice must be 
placed in a class with criminals and other vicious che5.racters that are 
strongly denounced by the intelligent public. 

The Draugas , wliioh is said to be published by sixty-one LithuBnieji Roman 
Catholic priests and several laymen, recently began to indulge in the above- 
mentioned practice* As far as we have been able to learn, the first effort 
of the Dro.ugas in that direction was the publication of the article, '^Auksine 
plunksne? ( Go Id Fountain Pen). In that article many loathsome insinuations 
are made against I.!r» S« ?• Tojianevicius, businoiss majiager of the newspaper 
Katalikas (The Catholic), because he, being a Catholic, r^ublicly donated a 

I C Lietuva, Nov. 5, 1S15. 


2^11 fountain pen to L'r. Karclis Rackauskas, who is a ncn-Cathclic but 
one of the best Lithuanisji poets in the r;orld« Although that article con- 
tained several painful insults of a private and personal nature, the author 
nevertheless adhered to at least some lacre or less sound logic. 

Encouraged by the f-pparent success of their first effort in the art of mak- 
ing personal attacks against individuals, the editors of the Draugas con- 
tinued this nefarious practice in a roore brazen manner. About two weeks 
ago the Draugas published eji article entitled "Amerikos Jur^^is opurgis" 
(America's Jurgis Spurgis). ^Translator's nrte* Jurgis Spurgis is the pen 
naiue of Llr. Bruno K« Balutis, who conducted o; column entitled "Kibirkstis** 
(Flashes) in the Li etuva under his ijen naiae.^ That article contains laeny 
lies 9jid is a tirade against Ilr. Jurgis Spurgis. In it the private fejiiily 
life— even the wife — cf Mr. Jurgis Spurgis is dragged before the public eye 
for ridicule, ilci/ever, the editors of the Draugas still lacked sufficient 
courage to mention the real name of the person they have Sxaaidered, ejid 
contented themselves loerelv with insinuations. 

II B 2 d (1) - 4 - LITHUAITIA! ! 

I C 

IV Lietuva, Nov. 5, 1915. vreelz, in oncther sinilar article, the editors of the Draugas v/^ent 
still further. This time they evenly usod the nexies of ]Iarclis*^'ackauskas 
and Pius Grigaitis, editors of Litliuajiisn-.'ijrierican newspapers, and spilled 
a fairly lorge "bucketful of dirty wo.ter on their heo.ds. "ihe ccnLients 
in that article ere very absurd; no decent person vrculd indulge in such 
nonsense, end nc mere or less respectable ne^vspaper v/ould publish such an 
article. Not only are the two o.bove-nentlcned persons ridiculed, but their 
wives are also drag^^ed into the picture and ridiculed as much as possible. 
Y^ith amazing impudence and bestiality, the wife of Mr. Grigaitis is called a 
"Zydelka*', given the neme of ''Lereleibka'* and it is insinuated that "/ijiti- 
Christ** will probably be born from this ^Zydelka*'. translator* s notej The 
term '^Zydelka** is en impolite way of referring to a Jev/ess in Lithuanieji. 
LIr. Grigaitis' wife, however, is not a Jewess. I have been informed that the 
term ^Bereleibke** is a combination of two popular Jewish first nsmes, Eere 
ejid Leibke, snd is employed when referring to a Jew with ridicule./ In our 
opinion, only a drunkard or insojie person can indulge in such nonsense. 

Ur. Grigaitis is a member of a faction v/hich is opposed to our ideals. 

II a Z a. {!) - b ' LITIiUAMIAU 

I C 

IV Lietuva, !Jcv. 5, 1915. 

IT ever the less, we believe that he has as much ri^^ht e.s ejiy ether person 
to insist that matters pertaining tc his private foxiily life must net be 
dragged before the public eye for the purpose of ridicule, and that such 
bestial jokes about his wife as we have noticed in the Draur^as must not be 

llTm Gri^aitis is not the only person who was attacked in such a bestial 
manner by the editors of the D rau.^as . A number of other persoiis, all members 
of various Lithuanieji- American factions, have also ber^n attacked in this 
manner. However, none of these persons is a member of the camp of clericalism, 
/translator •s note: Clericals are priests ojid laymen who mix religion with 
worldly affairsj^ 

Now that the editors of the Drau^ as have started tc employ hooligan methods 
in their war aj^^^st those who disagree v;ith them, then every Lithusniaji- 
American who does not profess the Kemesian translator's note: The doctrine 
of Reverend ?• Ilemesis, one of the leadin^^ Lithuanian Roman Catholic priests 

in .\merico^^ religion is in dsji-er of being defejaed and slandered in the 

J.X u (^ u. \ «L y 

III c 
I c 



i^JLX li.uXXi.iJ.^j^'i 

Lietuva, Uqv. o, 1915 

e.bcve-iuenticned vicicus manner. Nov/ that the Draugas has adopted such a. 
vicious policy, net even cne person can be sure that in the next issue of 
the Draugas he, his wife, daughter, or any other person dear to higi will 
not be defaned, slcjidered, and ridiculed. By observing how the Praugas has 
thus far "progressed,*^ v/e ceji expe^^t it to continue on the same road unless 
it is stopped in some way. 

In view of the above facts we hereby ask those sixty-one priests who are 
publishing the Draugas to explain the purpose for w-iich the Dreugas is being 
publishedi Is it being published for the purpose of defending eiid promoting 
Catholicism; is it being published in the interests of and in defense of 
priesthood; or is it being published for purpose of promoting hooligeji- 
isra among Lithueinian-ijiiericans? It would be very interesting to knew v/ith 
whom we are dealing. If that newspaper is being published to promote hooli- 

ganism among 

cur people, then let the editors of the Draugas tell us so. 

II 3 S d U) 

I C 


Lietuva, Oct. 8, 1915. 





According to ne^vspaper reports the Catholic Press League, an association 
whose purpose is to organize all Lithuanian-.unerican Catholic nev/spapers 
and periodicals, v;as established at the recent congress of the Lithuanian 
Roman Catholic Federation of ;jaerica in Brooklyn, llev; York. It is said that 
there are ten such publications in Araerica, althougli tv/o of then, the 
Pittsburgp Zinios (Pittsburg Hews) and the Vytis (The ICnight), organ of the 
Knights of Lithuania, have not appeared yet 

It is notevjorthy that the daily Ilatalikas (The Catholic) is not mentioned as 
a member of the League, iias the Ijatalikas become a non-Catholic newspaper? 
We can hardly believe tliat. In our opinion, the Katalikas has a greater 
right to call itself a Catholic nev/spaper than all the other so-called 
Lithuanian Catholic newspapers put together. 

II 3 2 d (1 ) - 2 - LITIaLuILJI 

III c 

I G Lietuva, Oct. 8, 1915. 

•;e believe that there is another reason, the real reason, v;hy the i;:atalikas 
is not considered as a Catholic nev/spaper by the Catholic Immoderation. It 
appears that all those publications, uliich are iiantioned as members of the 
Catholic rress Lear^ue, are either published by priests or strongly influenced 
by them; these priests are all of the caliber as the lieverend IT. llemesis. 
The latter, as vie all learned from experience, is making a strong effort to 
organize a pov/orful force of Clericals (priests and their followers v/ho take 
an active part in v;orldly as well as religious matters) for the imvoose of 
dordnatins the public life of Lithuanian-Americans. That force can be 
formed only v/ith the aid of a sufficiently larce nuiaber of publications that 
are controlled by the apostles of Clericalism. Tlie v/eelcly Draugas (The 
Friend) v;as establisiied for that purpose. Tlie Darbininlias (The ./orker) , re- 
cently established in Boston by rievorend Kemesis, also has the same coal; it 
was not established to pro^ioto the interests of the v/orkors, but as a bait 
for the \7orkers, who comprise an over^.vhelirdnc iriajority of the lithuanian- 
^imericans. -t^ll otlier Lithuanian Catholic publications are established and 
issued for the sai.-ie purpose; all of them must comply with the dictates of 
the leaders of Clericalism. 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 3 - LISILillLai 


I c Lietuva , Oct. 8, 1915. 

However, the ICatalikas is not in the hands of priests and their efforts to 
control that newspaper were not successful. The publishers of the Draugas ^ 
especially, made a strong effort to force the Ili^talikas to becoLie their 
servant, but failed. For that reason the Katalikas has been labeled as an 
"insufficiently Catholic" newspaper, althouf^i non-Clericals believe that it 
is nore Catholic than all other Lithuanian Catholic publications put together, 

iUl the s-ioutinr, which our Clericals are iTakin- about Catholic isi.i is a ^reat 
huiabus, which can influence only big fools. 

II B 2 d (1) LI^KTAZ'IA!' 

II 3 1 e 

LietuvB, Sor^t. 3, 1915. 

rTTn,'>i''QT "rrtr^C! TTTT"^':'' "vt^^-^-t-? f^rs^r^-r y^^mp t Trrr-^T «-»T-r a>t 


The printin:^ in i^istallT.ents of Teliavo r^ A}'::'nraizdo.1e (In the ]"^esence of the 
Flan:) bep:ins v;ith this issue of tne Lletuva , This novel v/as v/ritten by Jules 
Yerne and translated into the Lithuanian lan^^uare by A. Jakunas (J". A. 
Chmieliaus'':as) , a nenber of the editorial staff of the Lietuva. 

II B 2 d (1) 


LietuvH > Aug* SO, 1915. 

A change in the editorial staff of the Lithuanian daily, Katalikas (The Catholic), 
which is being published in Chicago at 33rd and korgan streets, occurred this 
week. lar. Frank Gudas Tvas replaced by IJr. I^^tas Zujus, who is closely associated 
with the Lithuanian weekly, Draugas (The Friend). 

II 3 2 d (1) 


Lietuva , June 11, 1915. 


The publishers of the Lithuanian weekly Draugas (The Friend) report that 
Reverend F, Kemesis has resigned as editor of the Draugas and the Pazanga 
(Progress). The Fazanga will now be edited by Julius Kaupas, and the 
Draugas will be edited by Frank Sivickas. However, xve have learned that 
Mr. Sivickas left for the University of Missouri last 7/ednesday. There- 
fore, the Draugas is without an editor, at least for the time being. 

There were rumors for a long time to the effect that Reverend Kemesis 
would resign as editor of the Draugas . It is said that he resigned in 
order to devote more time to his plans to establish Lithuanian Catholic 
newspapers in the eastern states. It was annoimced that in the near, 
future three new Lithuanian newspapers will be established. 


II ^. 2 d (1) 

II B 2 d [Z] 

II D 10 

III P 2 


Lietiiva, ^^ay 28, 191 5* 

lit!iij;::ll' p:Ti:33 cc!.yFH:.T^.i:cs 


V. K. Rackauskas, secretary of the Lithuanian Press Society, officially an- 
nounced that the fifth conference of t:ie Society will take place this year on 
June 11, 1:2, and 115, in Chica^-ro, Illinois. The Lithuanian-AiT:erican intelligent 
sia are also officially invited to narticipate in the conference '^p>o that it 
will be possible jointly to discuss not only raatters pertainin,^- to our nress, 
but also q.uestions of general interest to all Lithuanians in Araerica." 

The following* Chica.'TO Lithuanian publications are members of the Society: 
Lietuva (Lithuania), Jaunoji Lietuva ("^^ounp: Lithuania), Laisvoji Tintis (Free 
Tliourht) , and the Katalikas (The Catholic). 

Unquestionably/, the participaoion of our intelli/^entsia in that conference is 

II ? 2 d (1) - 2 - li^^:a:^at.- 

II B 2 d (2) 

II D 10 Lletuva, ^'ay 2c3, 191:3. 

III B 2 

no less inportant than that of the re-nresentatives of our -oress. 
present, outside of the Lithuanian Press Society, v/e do not liave anv other 
organization or institution v/ithin which it is possible freely and independ- 
ently to discuss the national interests of Lithuanian-Americans. 

It is true that some of our Ibtrb organization- s occasionally di'^-^cuss at their 
conventions questions of common interest to all Lithuanians in Merica. Hov/- 
ever, the activities of these orp-anizations are confined to certain specialized 
fields. For that reason, they discuss various public matters only insofar as 
thev are related to the interests of the organizations. Furthermore, orp;aniza- 
tions which are over-burdened with their 6\'m activities have very little time 
to discuss matters foreirn to the interests of their ov/n ^rou-os. 

The press conference presents an excellent opportunity for a broad discussion 
of our public problems and interests. There are a number of problem.s pertain- 
in^r only to our press. For example, the question of standardizinc'? the spelling 

II 3 2 

d (1) - O - ■L.ll-.-.^v...xL 

II B P. d (2) 

II D 10 ^ietuva, 'ay 28, 191r3. 

-^ 9 

III 3 : 

of the r^ithuanian lanruare is of utnor.t imnortance. Alncst ever'^ 
editor or v.Titer in A'^.erica, ami even in Lithuanja, sT^eTls Lithuanian v/ords 

differently I^is -roblen v;as discussed at r^revious conferences of the 

Society, but it is still unsolved 

The nuestion of decency in our rress v;as v;idel:^ discussed in our publications 
a short tine a;'^o. It '/as also discussed at "nrevious conferences of the Societ^^, 

but without any definite results 7nis "uestion is iinrortant; it should be 

discussed at the cominr corference and a definite decision should be made on 
the inatter. 

Another important nuestion is the nroblem of raising funds for the relief of 
v/ar victims in LithUc?nia. At present there are three different Lithuanian war 
relief funds in America; one has been set ur by each of the three Lithuanian- 
American factions: Nationalists, Socialists, and Catholics. If this v/ork is 
unified and better organized it v/ill unnuestionably produce much better results. 


d (1) 

« A - 

II B 3 d (•?) 

II D 10 

III B 2 

,ietuv8, ''ay 28, 1915. 

Closer relations should be established between our r^ress and the Lithu- 
anian public. Such unity would result in rvestev efforts for our cc-eneral wel- 
fare. Press conferences, with the participation of our intellip-entsia , present 
the best of-^-nortunitv for establishing and maintaininr closer ties betv;een the 
press and the public. 

It is hoped that the cominrr conference \vill not fail to consider the abo-'^e 

II B 3 d (1) 

II A 2 


Lietuva, i.:ar, 26, 1915* 

i;i.iv\LiP:AS. ^ Lmx.u:i/u^^-;wi.-ERic;uL: ii.ily 

(Advertisement ) 

The Katalikas {Hhe Catholic), a Lithuanian daily, is a general nev/spaper 
devoted to the interests of the Lithuanian public of the Lnited dtates* It 
is a literary, political ^ and illustrated paper, giving the latest nev/s of 
the v;ar and other v/orld events. It is always filled v/ith interesting reading 
natter* The daily Latalikas adheres to a Christian-x.ationalist viev/point. 

The subscription rates of the ILatalikas are five dollars per year, three 
dollars for six months, one dollar and seventy-five cents for three months, 
one dollar and tv/enty-five cents for tv/o months, and seven dollars per year 
to oilurope. A sample copy v/ill be mailed to anyone upon reouest* 

7/e also maintain a large book and music store. A catalog v/ill be sent free 
to anyone upon request. 



I II B 2 d (1) 
' II A 2 



Lietuva, Lar. 'o, 1915 

Address: Tananevicz Publish ing Company, 3249-53 South L orcan Street, Chicago, 
Illinois, U.S.A^ 


II B 2 d (1 ) ^ WPA (iiL) Fftcj. :;c2;i 

Naujienos, Jan. 11, 1915. 


p. 2.... In a letter to the Lithuanian Catnolic daily "Draugas" (The Friend) 
the publishers of the "Tarka" (Potatoe Grater), a monthly Lithuanian journal 
of hui;,or and satire, stated that the public xtion of the journal has been 
indefinitely suspended, because more inportant matters now occupy the attention 
of the Lithuanian masses. 

II b 2 d (1) 



Lietuva, Jan. 1, 1915. 

TliE 3E5T GIFT FOR i'RIilADS li: LlliiLAlMlA 

(xvdvert isenent ) 

The best gift for friends in Lithuania is the Lithuanian Catholic v/eekly 
newspaper Draugas (The Friend). 

The Di^augas publishes news from the entire v;orld, reveals the life of Lith- 
uanians in America, and contains many articles dealing with public life, 
politics, literature, and the general public. It is the best friend of 
Lithuanian workers in America as v;ell as in Lithuania. 

The Russian censorship permits the Draugas to enter Lithuania. 

The subscription price for the Draugas is tv/o dollars per year, one dollar 
for six months, in .imerica; three dollars per year, qi;1.50 for six months, 
in foreign countries. 

Address: Draugas Publishing Company, 1800 West 46th Street, Chicago, Illinois. 

I' ; 



Lletuva > Jan. 1, 1915. 


(Advertisement ) 

A newspaper can celebrate and issue an anniversary number only once in 
fifteen, twenty-five, or fifty years. Such anniversaries are very rare. 

This year is very important in that the largest Lithuanian newspaper, the 
Katalikas (The Catholic), has reached its fifteenth year of existence, and 
as a result has issued a large, beautiful, and profusely illustrated anniver- 
sary number. One of the main features of this number is an article entitled 
»»What Is the Best Way to Promote the Cultural Uplift of Lithuanians in 
America?^' This article has a lasting value. 

Every Lithuanian should get a copy of this anniversary number as a souvenir* 
It will be mailed to anyone upon receipt of ten cents. -^^n 

When writing, address as follows: 

II B 2 d (1) 

- 2 - 

Li stuva , Jan. 1, 1915. 



J. ''!. Tananevicia, 
. 3249 South ..:organ Street, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

II B 2 d (1) 
I G 


Lietuva, Sept. 11, 1914. 


The Biggest War I 

^ere? In Lithuania, our jidotherlandl 

If you want to know what is happening in Lithuania at present, how and 
where the war in Europe is progressing, subscribe to the daily /jnerikos 

The newspaper, Amerikos Lietuva , is published at 4:00 P.M. daily and contains 
the day's latest news and dispatches from the battlefields. You will find the 
latest and most reliable war news only in this newspaper. 

« II B 2 d (1) 
■ I G 

— '^ — 


Lietuva, Jept, 11, 1914, 

Therefore, subscribe to ^lerikos Lietuva at once and you vjill receive it 
through the mail at your hone daily. 

Subscriptions rates: one .^aonth, fifty cents; tv;o months, one dollar; six 
months, ^2*75; one year, .jS.OO. 

Enclose the subscription price vath your orders. Send a mone^^ order or 
cash by registered nail, to: .jnerilcos Lietuva , 325^ South Halsted Street, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

/Translator's note: This daily is the renamed Lietuva-Suppleinent v;hich the 
weekly Lietuva . began publishing at the outbreak of the vjar. ITo editorial 
coniaent is made on the name change ,7 


I G 

Lietuva, Aug. 14, 1914. 



The storm in Europe is really unusually violent* One can see that, even in 
Chicago, The European war has made changes which have never been seen before 
in a whole line of Lithuanian newspapers published in Chicago. 

For many years, a Lithuanian daily newspaper in America was promised; first 
in one place, then in another. But all those promises used to remain only 
promises. V/hen the war started in Europe, the Lietuva, in order to give the 
public the latest news from the boiling whirlpool, began to publish a daily 
supplement which carries the latest news from the battlefields. A short time 
later, two Chicago weeklies, the Katalikas and the Naujienos became dailies. 
In this manner we Jncm/ have three newspapers published in Chicago daily: 
Lietuva-Supplement . Katalikas, and Naujienos ^ The Lietuva , besides its daily 
supplement, will be published each week as hitherto. The Katalikas has formally 
cancelled its weekly newspaper. 

• • V 

II £ 2 d (1 ) - 2 - LITiru'iilNilAN 

I G 

Lietuva, Aug. 14, 1914. 

Hov; many dailies vail come into existence among the Lithuanians in the East 
and in general, vve are not informed. 

II B 2 d (1 ) LI1HUMIAN 

I G Lietuva, Aug, 7, 1914. 


( Advert isenent) 

A big, awful war has started in Europe, Our motherland, Lithuania, is in 
the very whirlpool of that war. Being situated between the real Germany 
and Russia, she is like a finger caught in pliers, V/e do' not even know 
what awful news each hour might bring us. But we do know that there is 
such news, that there will be much more, and that the Lithuanians are 
waiting for it impatiently, 

Omt newspaper is prepared, and our readers will find in each number of 
the Lietuva a condensation of the most important news items of the week. 
However, there are so many news items from the battlefield that they can- 
not all fit into a regular issue of the Lietuva, Besides this, the readers 
would be able to get this rxev/s only once a v/eek. /^'\ ^ 


For this reason, since last Sunday, the Lietuva, besides its regular K-:, <b^jt 
issues, began publishing a daily extra supplement, consisting of two "^^^^^-^ 

II B 2 d (1) - 2— LITHU.^JTIA^T 


I G ^ Lietuva» Aug* 7, 1914* 

pages of the same size as the Lietuva * 

The latest telegrams and articles from the battlefields are published 
daily in this supplement • The Lietuva Supplement is illustrated, and all 
readers can receive it by paying an additional fifty cents a month* 

The daily extra supplement will be published every evening, except Sundays* 
The supplement will not be published on Sundays and holidays unless some- 
thing very important happens. 

Individual copies of the Lietuva Supplement are sold for two cents each 
in Chicago— three cents elsewhere. Subscriptions to the Supplement, how- 
ever, must be for at least a month and must be paid for in advance. 

When ordering this war supplement, readers must, at the same time, send 
fifty cents or more (according to how many months they wish to pay for) 
and must give their full name and address clearly ^^^ittenj^ Address your / 

II B 2 d (1) - 3 - LITHUANL^I 


I G LietuTO, Aug. 7, 1914. 

orders to Lietuva Supplement , 3252 South Ealsted Street, Chicago, Illinois* 

In undertaking imich work and a large financial expenditure in publishing 
this large supplement, we expect to thus satisfy the desires of our readers 
and the Lithuanian public. We believe that they will know hov/ to evaluate 
our efforts. 

The editors and the administration of the Lietuva. 

II 3 2 d (1) LITT^UAkIAK \^ VI.PJL 

I s 

ly Naa.lienos , Vol. I, No. 22, 1-6, July 22, 1914- 

OLSCvsEis* Aa:^::T suing naujisnos 

Olsevskis' henohr::an ^'und V.r . Braoulis, the attorney, started the case sgainst 
Nau.iienos • 

Reactionary groups and the public bluffers immediately began to criticise 
and reprove Nau.iienos as soon as it appeared in Chicago. They realized the 
fact that Nau.iienos will not stand for any bluff and will not tolerate in- 
justice done to the people. 

Nau.iienos , (The News) v/as organized for the purpose of telling the truth 
and nothing but the truth to the people. Our opponents are afraid of Nau- 
.iienos and consider it an enemy and a very dangerous newspaper. So they 
are using every imaginable ri.eans to hurt the Nau.jj enos as much as possible 
by spreading false propaganda and persuading the people not to buy Nau.iienos , 

They tried to make a complaint against Nau.iienos * editor aiid in addition, 
they tried to Make him an anarchist «nd wanted to turn him over to federal 
authorities for deportation. 

Th.ey used every means possible to hurt Nau.i'i enos , but they failed aad their 

II 3 2. d (1) ' - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

N8u.1ienos . Vol. I, No. 22, 1-6, July 22, 1914* 

efforts vveru in vain. They v;ere spreading false propaganda openly and secret- 
ly against Nau.jienos , saying that it is corrupting; also discouraging people 
from reading it. They tried very hard to arouse the seatirr.ent of the people 
against Nau.jienos , but this scheme was also foiled end they failed to acconi- 
plish their purpose. It v;as mentioned in Nauiienos not once, but several 
twimes about this false propaganda against the paper. 

Not very long ago ;.'e published correspondence in which it was mentioned that 
John Kulis, the agent of Ur • Olsevkis, was telling the people that Nau.jienos ' 
workers were striking and that Nau.lienos would be bankrupt soon. Those who 
were thinking day and night how to harm the paper in the most effective way, 
finally decided to sue Nau.j i eno s for injuring the reputation of Olsevskis' 
agent • 

John Kulis, Mr. Olsevskis* agent, sued Nau.lienos for $10,000 damages, claim- 
ing that Nau.lienos was trying to ruin his reputation. cJohn Kulis' case was 
handled by Olsevskis* henchman. Attorney Braoulis. On Tuesday morning a 
summons for appearance in court was served on I.!r. Gugis, the president of 
the Nau.jienos corporation. .7e are not concerned greatly as to the outcome 
of this case, because we have a good witness who will support our stateriiCnts. 

II B 2 d (1) 

I E SAUJISNOS . Vol. I, No. 18, 5:6, June 2U, 191U. 


Ut. Theodore J* Kucinskas has "been appointed as representative for the Lithuanian 
Daily News, who will travel throu^ all Lithuanian colonies in the States of 
Illinois and Wisconsin, and he will deliver his speeches in every Lithuanian 


Mr. Kucinskas is known as one of the speakers. All Lithuanians should take 
advantage of this occassion and hear him talk. You will admire him i)ersonally 
and enjoy his speeches, for he is a very clever speaker, and a good entertainer. 
You cannot afford to miss his speeches; his speeches are captivating and very 
interesting. He will talk on the world's political events and the progressive 
labor movement in the United States, and explain the principles of socialism 
and its importance in the present progressive movement which deals with social 
Justice, and the exploitation of labor. In addition, Mr. Kucinskas is an agent, 
and an agitator for the Lithxxanian Daily News (Naujienos) and is collecting 
subscriptions and selling shares of this newspaper, to the people in various 
Lithuanian colonies. He will cover two states, Illinois and Wisconsin. The 
towns and the cities #iich he will visit in the state of Illinois are as follows: 
Rockford. DeKalb, St. Cha.rles and others. In the state of Wisconsin; Milwaukee, 


II B 2 d (1) 

NAUJISNOS , Vol* I, No. l6. ^iS, June 2U, igiU. b W.PA 

Sheboygan and Beloit. You will have the opportunity of meeting and hearing 
him talk very soon. He will be on the road and traveling through Lithimnian 
colonies, almost any day of this month. We are confident that you will not 
be disappointed when you meet this young, clever speaker^ who is about to 
visit you soon. 

II B 2 d (1) 
I E 


Naujienos, May 20, 1914# 


A friend, A» Vasiliauskas, the agent of Naujieno s, will leave Chicago at 
the beginning of June, and will travel through all the Lithuanian colonies 
in the state of Illinois • He will get subscriptions for the newspaper 
Naujienos and will also sell shares of the Naujienos Corporation and collect 
various advertisements from the people^ If anybody wants any information 
concerning the Naujienos newspaper and mujienos Corporation, we ask you 
to apply directly at the Naujienos * main office, which is located on 
Halsted and 18th streets, Chicago, Ill# We shall be pleased to gi^^e you 
any information you desire, and we shall make every effort to help our 
friends as much as possible* Friend A» Vasilianskas, besides being a good 
agent, is a good agitator and a good speaker • If anybody wants to make 
arrangements for speeches and have a good speaker, don't hesitate to 
invite friend A« Vasilianskas. I am sure that you will never be disappointed 
if you invite friend Vasilianskas to speak at your gatherings. If you 
want more information about friend Vasilianskas, you may write to Naujienos * 
information bureau, and we will inform you where you can get in touch 
with him# He is a very active person. 

f<> ^ 


V O 

II B 2 d (1) LITHUANIA] 

Record Book of Nau.iienos Vol> I^ No^ 6^ 6;1 , April 1, 1914, 
Chicago, 111* 

There won't he any more young Lithuania editor even before the paper had started to 
exist* The death of this paper is due to the poor management of the man who succeeded 
me as editor of the young Lithuanian* This newspaper could have existed if it were 
managed by a capable editor who knows something about the news business and knows 
the psychology of the people who read the newspapers* Moreover, an editor must be 
a broad minded individual who understands the philosophy of life and not a fanatic 
who looks at the world through the key-hole and sees only a very small portion of the 
world in which we live. An editor must widen the horizon of knowledge, and enliven 
the spirit of the people and at the same time he must be a civic leader in the 
community in ^ich he lives. Instead of widening the spiritual field of the people, 
the present editor was narrowing it and keeping ths people in a state of ignorance* 
It is a deplorable situation which exists at the present time among our people* The 
people, as yet, cannot differentiate between two different editors; one who has not 
made any spiriti;al progress and the one vriio has made such spiritual and has a clear 
understanding of the world's progress and knows the philosophy of life* At the 
present time, we cannot even dream of uplifting the courage of our spirit and 

our thoughts, because, the time has not come for a young spirit to take its 


II B 2 d (1) - 2 - NSgf^^^ LITHUANIAN 

Record Book of Nau.iienos Vol. 1. No>6t 6:1 , April 1, 1914 • 

place in this world, because the old spirit of the world is still predOTiinating^ 
Therefore, we cannot have an editor with a young spirit at the present time and we 
have to be contented with an editor of the old spirit • 

It appears that the Young Lithuania newspaper will continue to be called Young 
Lithuania , as I understand. This newspaper has a very small number of readers and^ 
its naTie reminds me only of bitter memories* as a past editor of the Young Lithuania 
I feel deeply hurt to see such a fine newspaper go out of existence • I am fulfilling 
my last duty and recalling all invitations from writers and those who co-operated 
with me while I was editor of the Young Lithuania / I hope that in the future the world 
will become more idealistic and will understand each other mush better. 

Kleofas Jurgelionis, past editor. 


II B g d (1) 

I E 



Naujienos, April 1, 1914. 


A Naujienos reporter informed us that lively talk about Naujienos is going 
on all over Chicago* iJo matter where he went, he heard the people talking 
about his paper, and it seemed that it is the mosi; important subject in 
daily conversation, Draugas (Friend), a Catholic daily, and its followers 
became inflamed recently over the l^aujienos . Our newspaper is being studied 
very carefully and is closely followed by all Lithuanian newspapers, especially 
DraugaSf which is interested mostly in l\iaujienos ^ policies and its attitude 
tovrards the Catholic Church, 

Draugas does not like the title of Naujienos (News) because this Catholic 
paper has a column called "News/' The editor of Dr augas will have to change 
the name of this column to something else, so that it will not look like 

The editor of Lietuva, Mr* Balutis, and his staff are talking and arguing 

II B 2 d (1 ) 


- 2 - 

Naujienos, April 1, 1914» 


about the Naujienos and Its followers. At one of the regular meetings 
Mr# Balutis, editor of Lietuva, was shedding tears whenever the najne 
of Naujienos was mentioned* 

He did not have much use for the i^aujien os^ because it is a Socialist 
paper* He is a stronp; nationalist* As sucTT he supports the national 
movement and for that reason strongly opposes Naujienos and its sup- 

The editor of Ratal ik as (Catholic) and his staff told one another not 
to mention the name of .Maujienos* It seems that everybody is afraid of 
Naujienos for some unknovm reason. It is not clear whether they are 
afraid of Naujienos or whether they are jealous because Naujienos is 
a better newspaper and has a better staff of writers, and even a better 
manager* This may be the reason why they are raising so much rumpus 
against the l^aujienos* The only reason we see for raising this rumpus 

II B 2 d (1) 


- 3 - 

Naujienos, April 1, 1914. 



is that they are afraid of clean competition* They have a fear that Liaujienos 
may kill all other papers • We believe that able writers and the managers 
of the papers shouldn't be afraid of a little competition* All editors, 
the enemies of Naujienos , are wrathful; they are planning to get together 
and console each other by calling all the professional people to discuss 
some things which havenH been yet discussed at previous, gatherings* The 
main topic of discussion, as we understand, will be the Naujienos » 1/i/hat 
their decision will be we don't know; but we feel that they will put up 
a big fight against us* 

At the labor meetings, the people were speaking with great joy about their 
newspaper Naujienos , while editors of other papers and their supporters 
are mourning about the doom of their newspapers, for they have outlived 
their time and the end is coming soon* 

II B 2 d fl) 

I E 


mujienosj Yol» I, Ho. 2, March 11, 1914# 


Naujienos (Wews), according to the statements made by Catholic news- 
papers, made a real revolution in Chicago • The situation became hot 
for some political factions who made a good business by exploiting 
the people^ Yet, while acting thus, these politicians never worried 
about the affairs and the welfare of the people in the community# 

All priests, editors of the older newspapers and their partisans were 
roused against wau-'ienos for telling the truth to the people^ Last 
Siinday one of the priests at the Providence of God church, which is 
located near the waujienos Corporation at 18th and Hals-ced, devoted 
a whole hour to criticizing and knocking Maujienos instead of preaching 
his Sunday Gospel to the people. He cursed I>jau3ienos from the pulpit and 
warned the parents whose children were selling Naujienos and reading that 
godless paper, that they will be punished by God and their souls will be sent 
to hell for eternity ♦ There is no salvation for those who are reading and 


Nauj legos ^ March 11, 1914# 

selling godless literature and poisoning the minds of innocent people^ 
He concluded his talk by saying, "remember that all sinners will be 
pimished after death and nobody will escape God*s punishment# Noir is 
the time for those sinners to reform and remain loyal to our Supreme 
Being, and God will forgive all past slns«** 

The editors of the older Lithuanian newspapers have organised a cam* 
palgn of hatred against the Naujienos » These editors also have instructed 
their friends to persuade the people not to buy Naujlenos at all because 
the paper is too dangerous to the people and it will lower their morals • 

It is necessary to mention that our enemies have enough courage to spread 
false propaganda against Nau j ienos and Its corporation* They want to 
degrade Naujlenos in the eyes of the people by saying that Hauj ienos 
is a disgraceful paper and it will lower the standards of morals* In 
other words, they like to knock others and praise themselves for being 
the only people of high morals and good nationalists* 

- 3 - 

Naujienos, March 11, 1914 


Notwithstanding these knocks, disparagements and false propaganda, the 
Naujienos will grow into a more influential and larger paper in the 
future • They will not hurt our paper, but they will hurt themselves 
more than they will hurt u8« There is a good proverb: **One who digs a 
hole for others will himself fall into the same hole^** If they were 
real men, they would cease fighting and spreading false propaganda 
against us and our paper Naujienos ♦ If you are men, you should stop 
acting foolishly like young children* Nobody can hurt Nauji enos, because 
this newspaper is too strong to be hurt and you people are incapable of 
hurting it* You may as well give up your fight against us, because you 
will lose the fight in the end anyway* This fight against our corporation 
is futile* In the first place, you people have no grounds for fighting 
us* If somebody wants to have a real fight, we will give it to them 
and we will make them jianp the rope like monkeys* 


II B ^ d (1) 














Naujienos, Vol* I, No* 1, Feb. 19, 1914* 


Every progressive society ought to have its own organ, which would 
contain all important society's decisions, proposals and the addresses 
of the officials. The people could thus find the necessary information 
when needed. The organ is as important to a society as the blood is to 
the body. The organ gives life to the society just as blood gives life 
to the body. A society without a newspaper is like a body without a 
head. A newspaper helps a society to expand ani grow larger. It binds 
the members of the society into one body and helps to maintain harmony 
among its members. It enlightens the members and reports to them daily 
events; helps arouse their interest and inspires them to work more 
ardently for the benefit of the society. 

Let us have a lesson from the past in the tailor strikes. Let us 

see what happened. The xmions were organized for the benefit of workers 

in the tailoring industry, helping them fight for better working 


Naujienos, Vol* I, No. 1, Feb. 19, 1914. -^'^'A (ILl«) PROJ.30275 

conditions and better wages. The tailors* union organization movement 
urns great, interesting and beneficial to the workers. It concerned 
not only the tailors but workers in other industries as well. The 
tailors at the time had no newspaper of their own. What happened • then? 
The local newspapers did not help workers in their struggle for 
bettering conditions; did not make favorable reports on their acti- 
vities, as to whether they gained or lost their battle in the struggle 
for existence; never gave a single word of encouragement. 

Not only did these local newspapers fail to help the workers, but they 
presented things in a different light from what they really were. 

If the tailors' union had had its own newspaper organ, this paper 
would not only have defended them but it would have made suggestions 
for winning sooner and with much less expense. 

- 3 - 


Naujlenos ^ Vol. I, No. 1, Feb. 19, 1914# 

Today the tailors have realized the importance of having their oiwn 
newspaper, and all the members of local unions decided to accept 
Naujienos as their official org€Ui. The Naujienos will make every 
effort to help and defend the cause, not only of one union, but of 
all unions. The Naujienos is the first Lithuanian weekly newspaper 
which will help the Lithuanian workers* union in its struggle for 
bettering working conditions and demanding better wages. 

Looking at this situation from the business standpoint, we may explain 
it as follows: The Naujienos will accept in its organization those 
vinions which have accepted Naujienos as their official organ and will - 
give them cheaper rates on the advertisements, and may be for nothing 
to its members, and will not neglect the affairs of other societies. 

We advise those societies which have no newspaper of their own to 
accept the Naujienos as their official organ, and the Naujienos will 
take good care to help those societies that belong to Naujieno? organi- 
zation. The societies that are willing to join oxxr organization may 



- 4 - 


Naujlenos ^ Vol, I, No. 1, Feb. 19, 1914* 

apply at the Naujienos printing establishment -which is located at 
18th St. and Halsted St. 

The News Administration Department* 




II B 1 c UJ 

Naujienos ^ Vol. I, No. 1, Feb. 19, 1914. 



Lithuanian readers have a special paper called The Mirr or -which is be- 
ing published now. This paper will be exclusive in the Tleld of art 
and the only paper of its kind in Chicago. It will contain only news 
pertaining to the theater and the scenes. This kind of paper is very 
desirable to have in Chicago. Most of our people don't understand the 
English language well enough to appreciate the news in American papers. 
Therefore, it is necessary for us to have this kind of paper in our 
own language. 

The theatres are playing an important part in the life of the Lithu- 
anian people. The Lithuanian people love the music and the plays • 
The theater gives them pleasure, satisfaction, consolation, and helps 
them to forget their troubles when they come home tired from work. 

Today we have many theatres in almost every Lithuanian colony in 
Chicago, working ardently and organizing their own theatrical groups, 
writing their own plays, which deal with their national life in America 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - I.ITHUMIAN 

II B 1 c U) " 

Naujienos, Vol. I, No. 1, Feb. 19, 1S14. ^*'>^ li-tj PROj. 30275 

and Lithuania. Those who are organizing theatrical groups now are 
ordinary people and with no knowledge or understanding of art. 
They need instructors and advisers who know and understand the art 
of acting and who know the music which goes along with acting. 

Mow we are very fortunate in having The Mirror , which will make 
every effort to improve our theatres and actors in the future. The 
first edition of The Mirror , according to our conditions in Chicago, 
7?as very good and quite an interesting paper. 

However, we cannot expect, the first edition to be absolutely satis- 
factory and successful, but as time goes on the paper will improve 
little by little. We have to admit that we haven't any good writers 
in that field, those having a knowledge of art and music. Of course, 
some of us have a better knowledge than others, but those who have 
a better knowledge and who are more capable of doing things are not 

II B 2 d (1 ) - 3 - LITHnAI-:IAN 

II B 1 c U) 

IJaujienos, Vol. I, No. 1, Feb. 19, 1914. ^^^ O^-U ?f(OJ. 30275 

interested in the field of art. We have to wait for some time until 
we will have more and better writers who will be interested in that 
line of writing. 

I think it would be much better for The Mirror to go along with the 
greater number of art and theatre lovers and to use the language or 
writing that can be understood by the general public, especially 
those who are interested most in art and music. 

This little paper has excellent plans and aims for developing our 
young artists and musicians and will arouse a greater interest among 
the youth in the field of art and music. The first edition of The 
Mirror was very good and we hope it continues to grow and improve. 


II B 2 d (1) 

I ^^ 


Naujienos, Vol. I, No» 1, Feb. 19, 1914» 



This is the first Lithuanian workers' nevrsi^aper published in Chicago* 
We don't doubt thnt there ";vill be thousands of people who v/ill approve 
of this paper with a great enthiisiasn, especially those people who 
1 ive in Chicago* 

Heretofore we have not had a progressive newspaper that v/ould guide 
the progressive element, be interested in the affairs cf workers 
and represent the v/orking class of people in Chicago and its vicinity. 
We have three old progressive newspapers in Chicago, vn-itten in the 
English language, v/iiich represent the progressive v/orkers' movement 
in our city and the state. 

The labor movement in ChicAc-n ^-f- ry/»o^v,4- ^e. i 

ill unicago at present is much more pronounced 

I E 

II B 2 d (1) 

_ _ 



Naujienos, Vol. I, No* 1, Feb. 19, 1914. 

than in other American Lithuanian colonies in the United States. The 
clericals and the nationalists have stopped playing a leading role 
in Chicago. They have been or^^anized for a long time, and in addition 
they had three local newspapers. They had also a strong public senti- 
ment in their favor. Nevertheless, they failed to hold popular senti- 
ment, and failed to support the predominating local current of move- 
ment in Chicago. 

It is true that the clericals and nationalists have ceased to reign 
in Chicago. A great many people have freed themselves from these tv;c 
parties and have already picked different roads in life. These people 
Y?ho left the parties have joined the new progressive party that 
represents working class movement in Chicago, and the vicinity. The 
progressive party is much stronger nov/ than ever before. It has a 
much greater influence over the public today, and can easily be 
compared in its strength and the number of inembers with the combined 
forces of the otler tvfo dilapidated parties, whose power is slowly 

I E 

II B 2 d (1) 

- 3 


I^&uji enos, Vol. I, No* 1, Feb. 19, 1914. 

Those people who separated frcn the two x.iarties (clericals and nation- 
alists) formed one larf-e nev/ group of progressives wlio are opposed to 
the principles of the old party. They are proceeding to v7ork out the 
progressive principles for their new party. From this new group of 
people, the Naujie nos (The Nev;^) came into existence. It is known 
today as the Lithuanian workers' progressive newspaper. 

Naujienos is a Socialist newspaper whose policy is to serve the people, 
wFiO see their salvation not today but in the future. This paper has 
determined to serve the public best in the future, as a new organ 
of the progressive party in Chicago. Naujienos is convinced that the 
present-day social order of society will affect the different changes 
of the social order in the future. The present social order will be 
changed by those who knov/ their needs. The organised workmg class 
people know tViat the change in the present-day social order is the 
only salvation for them in the future. The change of the social order 

I E 

II B 2 d (1) 

- 4 - 


I-iaujieno s^ Vol. I, No. 1. Feb. 19, 1914. 

would brirxg many benefits, not only to this organization but to all 
the working people in the United States. You cannot accomplish any- 
thing worthwhile if you are not organized to fight for better con- 
ditions in life. The vrorking class of people will have a better 
hope in the future when they have unity, understanding and a strong 
organization to fight for their rights and for better working con- 
ditions. Labor is carrying a heavy burden upon its shoulders under 
the present social order. The laborer works under the worst con- 
dition and receives starvation wages for his work. At the same time 
he pays all the taxes to the government, while the politician who 
does no work receives a big pay. The politician pays very few taxes 
to the government and sometiiLes none at all. 

Ilaujienos has determined to bend all its efforts to support the 
labor movement of today. It will help the workers to fight for 
justice and their rights. It will fight against those eleraents which 

I E 


- 5 - 

2 d (1) 


Naujienos, Vol. I, No. 1, Feb. IS, 1914. 

are trying to darken the future, destroy the unity, and v/eaken the 
energy of the working man. The large group of Chicago Lithuanians 
who don't want to go along with the short-sighted element of the 
past, promised to support the principles of Naujienos . The Lithu- 
anian workers who have not yet joined the Socialist ranks should 
join as soon as possible and help build this organization which 
is helping the workers to make their future brighter. Those willing 
to join our ranks will find faithful friends and good advisors. 
They are the class of people who have the same aims in life as those 
who have already joined our ranks and stand under the Socialist 
flag. Socialist workers are separated into two different groups: the 
first group is the group which understands the principles of Social- 
ism, and the second is the one that does not understand the prin- 
ciples of Socialism or that does not want to understand them. They 
are afraid to admit that they are Socialists or Socialist sympathizers. 
However, this group which does not understand now will understand 

the principles of socialism and its affairs in the years to come. 

I E 

II B 2 d (1) 

- 6 - 


Naujienos ^ Vol. I, No. 1, Feb. 19, 1914, 

The world is changing rapidly and economic conditions will nRke 
every worker understand socialism and its aim for the future. The 
future vdll tell us tiie story. 

The Socialist and the non-Socialist workers' movements are based on 
the very same principle and the same aim in life. They are waging 
war against thie same enemy: injustice and the exploitation of labor. 

They both want to have better working conditions and more time for 
cultural improvement after their Iriard work in the shops. This "ivould 
make life more interesting. Life could be enjoyed as human beings 
could enjoy it. The working class people as yet don't think the 
same way and don't understand how to attain better working conditions 
and time for cultural activities. 

The Socialists have a very good plan for remedying this situation. 



IE - 7 - LITHUAi:iAN 

TFB 2 d (1) 

Naujienos , Vol* I, No* 1, Feb* IS, 1914* 

They have a better way -worked that leads to a happier future 
and will aid the workers in reaching their goal much sooner* The 
people cannot ignore socialism* Sooner or later they will join 
our ranks when they begin to feel the great econoniic pressure 
and the exploitation by capitalists* Although some people are 
under the influence of those v/ho oppose the principles of social- 
ism; they stand with the Socialists whenever there is a war against 
the labor niovenent* 

Naujienos is defending the rights of all working people and at the 
same time is defending not only Socialist but also non-Socialist 
labor movements* The greatest support will be given to Lithuanian 
workers who understand the principles of socialism and who are 
making every effort to follow the teachings of socialism* 

Naujienos will serve not only Lithuanians in Chicago, but will serve 

I E 

II B 2 d (1) 

- 8 - 


Nau ji 

enos. Vol, I, No. 1, Feb. 19, 1S14. 

7 m. 

•A 7 

all Lithuanians in America* Nau jienos will make every effort to solve 
labor problans and scrutinize thoroughly the relations between unions 
and political parties. This paper is deeply interested in Lithuanian 
workers in the United States, especially in Lithuanians living in 
Chicago. Chicago is the best place to discuss important labor problems, 
because this city is becoming one of the greatest political and economic 
centers of the United States. 

P, Gre^aitis. 

'« •• 

II B 2 d (1) LirHUML-JT 

III B 2 

III H Lietuva, Dec* 19, 1913. 

I S 



In a recent issue of Lietuva, according to the other newspaper* s annoxince- 

ment, we said that the Lithuanian anarchistic newspaper in Chicago, 

A Free Mankind , had ceased publication. Now Mr. A. Andrius, one of the 

directors of A Free Mankind, announces ^hat A Free Mankind has no such 


The same announcement gives reasons why the publication of this newspaper 
has temporarily ceased. According to Lir. Andrius • statement, the chief 
reason for the cessation of publication v/as the local socialists' agita- 
tion against this newspaper. Furthermore, he describes how much ti^ouble 
the socialists have made recently in the Lithuanian Alliance of America, 
and says that they were doing as much harm as they could to the delegates, 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITEIUMIM 

III B 2 

'III H Lietuva , Dec* 19, 1915» 

I S 

Dr« J. Basanavicius and Mr* M* Ycas,__wlio came here to collect 
money for the National Museum of Vilnius /Vilna/, while at the same time 

they denounced national (Lithuanian) institutions and Lithuanian national 
newspapers* Now, **especially the Chicago Lithuanian socialists v/ere 
working with the same energy against A Free Mankind ; they have even ob- 
structed the selling of this newspaper*^ 

" WM 

II B 2 d (1) 

III K 1.1'niUAiJlAIT 

Licttuva , I:ov. 28, 1915, 

THj. 1^;V .i^DITOR OF jyRSiUGAS {Td£ ifRL^M)} 


The editorship of praugas , ;vhich has oeen a headache to certain people, to 
whom such a problem should be of no concern, has at last been solved. In a 
recent issue, Drauga s announced that in the near i*u"cure Reverend P. Keiaesis, 
of Lithuania, v;ill come to .iinerica .nd will fill the position of the late 
Reverend A, ivaupas. The reverend P. K«jaesis, v;as fonrierly one of the editors 
of Viltis (The Hope), in Lithuania. Viltis ;:ept to the '^central line^' at 
that time, and ;ve hope that Draugas will not become an extreirie right organ. 
.7e hope that the Draup^as will be kept in tht^ sarae furrov/ of patience, as it 
was conducted by the late Reverend li^aupas. 


I M 

IV Lietuva, Nov. 14, 1913, 


(Editorial) . 

In a recent issue (No. 43) of Draugas (Friend), ^ranslator*s note: Draugas 
is a Catholic weekly nev/spaper in ChicagOjJ^, the ^'Health Section" was begion, 
which is being conducted by Dr. A. L. Graiciunas. This section consists of 
questions submitted by readers, and answers by Dr. Graiciunas. These 
questions and answers deal v/ith everyday health problems. We must admit 
that such problems on health arise frequently among our people, y^t they do 
not havfe proper answers for thenji^. Answers and suggestions on such questions 
are proper, beneficial, and appropriate. 

Dr. Graiciunas says in his health colvimn: "I shall be very happy to ansv/er 
inquiries on problems of hygiene and sanita^^ion, and also how to prevent 
illness, in tljis section of Draugas . ^ut I will not make diagnoses, nor 
will I write prescriptions ^ 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 

I M 

IV Lietuva, Nov. 14, 1913 • 

It is clear from that statement where the section of health v.dll lead. With- 
out doubt, because of health problems, we have felt the need for such a 
colinnn to answer inquiries on this subject, for a long time. It appears to 
us that such a section of questions and answers on health problems, conducted 
every week in the nev/spaper by Dr. Graiciunas, is very essential to o\ir 
people. Everything depends upon the doctor *s ability. V/e believe that 
Dr. Graiciunas v;ill succeed. 


II B 2 d (1 ) 

II 3 2 a 

II A 2 Lietuva, ilov. 7, 1913. 

I G 




The newspaper Lietuva , the Consolidated Printing Conpany ( Lietuva printing 
shop) , and the Lietuva Library up to the present time were separate insti- 
tutions, but nov; have merged into one large corporation under the name 
of Lietuva Publishing Company. This nev; corporation has bought ^30^000 
worth of stock from the Consolidated Printing Company, and has started 
its nev; life in business with an incorporation capital of ^100, 000. 

Vi/hile announcing this event to our readers and friends, at the sane tine, 
we feel it our duty to offer our heartiest thanks for their s:^^Tipathy and sup- 
port during our hard labor. It is through the s^/mpathy and support of its 





II 3 2 d (1 ) - 2 - 

II 3 2 a 

II xi 2 Lietuva , l.'ov. 7, 1913. 


readers ever since its inception tv/enty-tv/o years ago, that this neMS- 
paper iias been able to grov; and to becone one of the largest Lithuanian 
newspaper corporations. 

In this nev7 corporation, the workers v/ill have the ri(2;ht to becone stock- 
holders. This is the j'irst time, anong Lithuanian corporations, that v/orkers 
will be given an opportunity to stockholders, and v/ill be able to 
share in the profits. 

Having relied upon our readers, co-xvorkers, friends, and public s^aapathy 
for the past tv;enty-tv;o years, ue believe that v;e v/ill c^ot the same support 
and protection in the future for the good of Lithuanianisn. By v/orking 
together V7ith our sympathizers and supporters v;e v;ill be able to continue 
our fight against the ignorance v;hich exists in our midst. Our readers 

J S 'did k ''^ ■ 



— ^ -" i-.±.LiiU-^Al ..••: 

Liotuva > I'ov. 7, IGl-^. 

v:ill ll^^lp us chock the exploitation of our i^aoule, .•£'.nd v;ill 

3UDi;oi^ us i:i our 3t37u,'7r'le by sT)r-;:idin.':^ enli ■'htemaent .xion^: our brota.;rs — a 

pur3 li lit (sic) is the key that o-oons the door to a bettor future and for- 

II B 2 d (1 ) 


I B 








I B 


Lietuva, Oct. 17, 1913. 

I T.T 

The fourth Lithuanian ITev/spaperiiien's Convention v;as held on October 8 

and 9, 1913 in TilliTian Hall at Shenandoah, Pennsylvania. The follov;ing nev/s- 
papers sent these delegates to the convLention: Lietuva , Editor J. Semas; 
Katalikas, 3ditor P. Brandukas and Publisher 3. Tananevicius.... 

The various coLmiittees that '.;ere appointed at last year*s convention did not 
carry out their duties • Soiue of them, liice the Central Library Go.Tjnittee 
for instance, have accomplished very much, v.iiile the Terminology Committee 
has dong nothing. This year the convention decided to undertake fev/er pro- 
jects, and to try to complete them. ^r^ 

Among the nev; projects, it should be mentioned that the Lithuanian Press 

Society decided to publish a yearly Almanac, the first issue of v/hich is to eV 


II B 2 d (1) - 2 - ' LITHUANUJ^ 
I B 3 a 

III B 4 Lietuva, Oct, 17, 1913 • 
I B 1 appear at the end of the coning year. The purpose of this publication 

I II v;ill be to reflect the course of life of Lithuanian- Americans. i\fter 

long discussions the convention drev/ up several resolutions, v/hich 
express the viexvs of the newspapers on certain manifestations of our life. 

Thus, it was decided to fix attention on the struggle against drunkenness, 
which—to tell the truth — is one of the v/orst blots on Lithuanian life. The 
nev/spapemen at this convention expressed their greatest sympathy with the 
delegates of the Lithuanian Jcience and Art Society, Dr. J. Basanavicius and 
M. Yeas, who are at present in this country collecting contributions for the 
erection of the National Museum in Vilnius /Vilna/. 

It was also found necessary to point out from tLme to time in our nev/spapers 
the value of physical culture. Much time was devoted to a discussion of .r 
"miraculous*^ medical advertisements. Dr. Jo Sliupas, viao last year v/as ':^^,^, ^ 
elected chairman on the Committee on '.iuack medical advertisements, had not ' ^4 
succeeded in accomplishing anything. Tlie convention adopted a resolution, ^f 6 




II B 2 d (1 ) - 3 - LITrlUarTLitT 
I B 5 a 

III B 4 Lietuva , oct* 17, 1915 • 

I B 1 which condemns detestable advertisements like, for example, "Girls 
I M V/anted," and other matrimonial advert isements* 

This convention also decided to participate in the Lithuanian Press Conven- 
tion which V7ill be held next year in Vilnius, Lithuania. It v;as decided to 
hold the next convention in Nev; York City. The follov/ing officers v/ere 
elected: J. M* Tananevicius, president; J. 0* oirvydas, vice-president; 
V, K. Rackauskas, secretary; and Dr. J. Sliupas, treasurer. Dr. J. Basanavicius 
and M. Yeas and many local Lithuanians v/ere visitors at the convention. 

The Shenandoah Lithuanians received the nev; very cordially at a 
good concert and a banquet. celebration was arranged by the Lithuanian 
women of Shenandoah. 






II 3 2 f 

III B 2 Lietuva, Jan. 31, 1913. 

II D 4 

I A 3 

IV The executive board of the Chicago Lithuanian Societies Association 
held its meeting January 25, at Elias Hall, in Town of Lake, The 

project to publish an official organ of this organization was approved. 
This publication will be incorporated with a capital of $5,000. The money 
will be raised by the members of the board and the members of this organiza- 
tion, by selling shares of this corporation. The publication will contain 
eight pages, will be published weekly, and when the circulation has increased, 
will be published twice a week, and later — daily. If business improves, the 
capital of the nev/spaper will be increased. 

Minor details about the incorporation of this newspaper will be given at the 
next meeting of the executive board, February 21, at eight o^clock, Elias 
Hall, 4600 South VJood Street. 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - IITEUAIUM 

II B 2 f 

III B 2 Lietuva, Jan. 31, 1913. 

II D 4 

III A The enlightenment committee of this organization aims to establish 
I A 3 evening schools in every Lithuanian community, to teach reading and 

IV writing, English, arithmetic, and scientific subjects. 

The establishment of the /oT^hon/ asylum has been given over to the organiza- 
tion* s branch, which was created for that purpose. 

Those societies that see the necessity of belonging to this organization, 
to work for the benefit of Chicago Lithuanians, send your delegates to the 
coming rxeeting. 

J. J. Hertmanavicius, general 




II B 2 d (1) LIEIL-^Ii;^.! 

II A 3 d (1) 

II B 1 e Lietuva, Oct^ 4, 1912. 

II B 2 a 

III B 4 

I A 3 The follOu-ii].g nev/spapers v/ere represented in the third Lithuanian 
I B 1 nev/spaperraen ' 3 conference: Yienybe Lietuvninrzu , Katalikas , 

III A Lietuva , Tevyne , Darbininloi Viltis > Laisvoji I^intis , and Dagis . 

17 Tlie conference v:a3 held in Chica,j;o. The meetings began iH^iday, 

September 27, at the Bismarck Hotel. 

After the meeting of the i^ess Society had been called to order, it v/as 
brought to president J. LI. Temanevicius* attention that the following nevfs- 
papers were i)articipating in the conference: 

1. From the editorial board of the Lietuva : L. Somas and B. K. Balutis; 
representing the publishers: A. Olsevskis and J. Hertmanavicius. 

2. From the editorial board of the iCatalikas: P. Brand\ikas and J. Viskoska; 

II B 2 d (1) 

- 2 - 


Lietuva, Oct. 4, 1912* 

representing the publishers: J, M. Tananevicius and 3, Tananevicius. 

3. Representing the editors and administration of Vienybe Lietuvninku , 
J. Sirvydas^ 

^^ ^OJ^ Laisvoji Mint is , the editor and publisher, Dr. J. Sliupas* 

5. item the editorial board of the Te vyne , its specially authorized 
correspondent, K. Jurgelionis. 

6. I^om the Dagis, P. Brandukas. 

A. Kvederas, reporter for the Kova, also presented his credentials at ' '^ • ^ 
this tine. 


The editorial office of Draugas announced that, because of various reasons, 
Draugas could not participate, but aslced that the resolutions of the con- 

II B 2 d (1) 

- 3 - 


Lietuva, Oct. 4, 1912. 

ference be sent to it. 

The folloviing v;ere elected as officers of tlie conference: J"* I.I. Tananevicius, 
president; J". Viskoska, and K. Jurgelionis, secretaries. 

The question of discussing by-lav;s, a project v/hich h::.d been put off until 

this meeting, v/as postponed to the end of the conference. A discussion 
of various problems follov/ed, in the follov;ing sequence: 

1. It 7;as decided that, to put our scientific and technical terminology 
in order^ the nev/spapers i.ould use the international terminology, after 

making it suicv-'ole to the Lithuanian language. To put in order the 
i>merican-Lithuanian term.inology (names of institutions, officials, and the 
political field) a special cor.imittee v;as elected, including Dr. J. oliupas, 
L. Semas, and K. Jur^elionis (v/ith oliupas acting as the responsible com- 
mittee chairman). .... 


II B 2 d (1) - 4 - LITIia^TIM 

Lietuva, Oct. 4, 1912. 

2. Ths matter of miraculous doctors and misleading advertising. The 
thought was expressed that the most successful v/ay of abolishing these 
advertisements would be: a) to have the government forbid the printing 
of such advertisements, and b) to strive as much as possible to explain 
to the people, more often, that they should not believe such advertise- 
ments. Since the National American Medical /i»jSsociation is at present 

v/orking on both these suggestions and since the Lithuanian doctors have 
already made a beginning in organizing a branch of that .'association with 
their Lithuanian Doctors iUliance, this matter v;as relegated to our 
doctors* organization. The newspapers promise to aid them and print their 
articles in reference to this matter. 

3. The desire that all nev/spapers and publishing houses v/ould exchange 
copies of their publications was expressed. 

4. Problems regarding enlightenment* 

II B 2 d (1) - 5 - LTTHUAITIM 

Lietuva, Oct, 4, 1912. 

5. Statistical matters. 

The members of the Statistics Committee, K. V* Rackauskas, with a written 
report, and J. 0. oirvydas, verbally, announced that they had collected 
much material from various sources in their effort to put in order the 
statistics regarding Lithuanians and their activities in America but that 
it is insufficient as yet and, therefore, too early to be compiled. K. 
Jurgelionis also announced that he had collected much statistical material 
for the proposed encyclopedia, v;hich could be used in compiling the statis- 
tical reports 

5. The centralization of various organizations* 

7. It was decided that the officers of the Press Society continue their 
efforts to draw to this newspapermen's organization those nev/spapers v.hich, 
up to the present time, have not belonged to it. 

II B 2 d (1) - 6 - LITIIILi:^Ii;iT 

Lietuva, Oct. 4, 1912. 

Q. Problems of the theater. 

Since the presentation of theatrical plays is a large influence in educat- 
ing the people, it is desirable that our nev/spapers turn as much attention 
as they can to theatrical matters. It is advisable that the lovers of the 
stage associate themselves vath the Teatras , a periodical devoted to 
theatrical matters, in which better theatrical pl-vs could appear. In the 
meantime, a special committee v;as elected to make up a list of all the 
better plays which it v/ould be advisable to present on the stage and to 
publish that list in the newspapers. J. D. Sirvydas and K. Jurgelionis 
were elected to the conmittee. 

9. Tiie establishment of evening schools. 

The meeting advises the nev/spapers to explain to the people from time to 
time, and especially in the fall, hov; they can secure such schools from 
the city government. 

m % 



II B 2 d (1) - 7 - Limmi^ 

Lietuva, Oct. .4, 1912. 

10. On the matter of temperance. 

The newspapers are in accord with the propagation of temperance and express 
the desire that the Lithuanian doctors help the nev;spapers in this matter 
by the preparation of suitable articles. 

11. The conference is in accord with the movement that Lithuanians settling 
here concern themselves with procuring citizenship papers and that they 
participate in the political activity of this country. 

12. The question being raised as to how much the Lithuanian nevfspapers 
should concern themselves vilth this country's politics, it was decided that 
the nev^spapers, each according to its convictions, should concern themselves 
vjith politics as much as space permits. 

II B 2 d (1) 

- 8 - 

Lietuva, Oct. 4, 1912. 


IS. The opinion was expressed that it is desirable to support Lithuanian 
commerce and industry and to urce and accustom Lithuanians to them as 
much as possible. 

14. It is advisable to support the learning of trades and to explain 
their benefits to the people. 

15. For elevating and caring for our literature and authors, it is desir- 
able that Lithuanian v/r iters v/ould join into one organization, v/hich v;ould 
be similar to a section of the Press Society* 

16. The meeting expressed the general opinion that it is advisable to 
support a Lithuanian colonization movement if such a colonization plan is 
conducted honestly by conscientious individuals. . • • • 

17. The conference happily observed that the desire expressed at the last 
newspapermen's conference in regard to organizing Lithuanian students is 


n S; 


II B 2 d (1) - 9 - LIEIi:>JTIAI.^ 

Lietuva, Cct. 4, 1912. 

being at least partially fulfilled, 

20» The question of a Central Library* 

It is desirable that a place be found where there could be stored all the 
nev/spapers, writings, books, and publications — not only in the Lithuanian 
but also in other languages — \';hich in one v/ay or another concern the 
Lithuanian nation and life. In other words, to found a Lituanica Library 
which could be used by Lithuanian-^American vxiters, researchers, etc. 

The founding of a Lituanica in Lithuania is inaccessible to Lithuanian- 
-Americans. • • .. . 

II B 2 d (1) LITHILiNL^T 


Lietuva, Jxily 1, 1910* 



The Lithuanian Press Association has been formed at a conference of Lithuanian 
editors and publishers who met in the Draugelis Hall, Brooklyn, March 17 and 

The following editors and publishers have become members of the new Associa- 
tion: A. Olszewski of the Lietuva, J. Tananevice of the Katalika3 > J. J. Paukstis 
of the Vienybe Lietuvninku , V. Sliakys of the Darbininku Viltis , and S. 
Michelsonas of the Keleivis » 

Laisvoji Mint is > Draugas , Kova, and Tevyne were also represented at the con- 
ference • 

Of the Chicagoans, A* Olszewski was elected president, J. Tananevice, 

II £ 2 d (1 ) - 2 - LITliUAI-II AN 

Lietuva, July 1, 1910. 

The organization, aceorLinf^ to the protocol of the conference, "v.ill have to 
help the nev-spapers in earnestly progressing: toward one end (though not by 
the sarie paths): the enlightenraent of the people and inforjrdng the re^iders of 
our activities and com.ion problems.". 

II B 2 d (1) LITIiUaTIiilT 

Lietuva , .^pr. 3, 1909. 


Our newspaper Lietuva (Lithuania) noxv lias 12,000 readers. Hov/ever, v/e 
would like to Lave 20,000 readers. Therefore, in order to attract 8,000 
nev; readers for the Lietuva v/e have decided to cive a prize to every new 

The prizes -.vill consist of books, pictures, stei^eoscopes, or '\ny other 
prize selected fron our catalOf^;. 

Those lOiiO v:ill pay $1»00 for a six Months' subscription to the lietuva 
will receive a prize valued at twenty-five cants; those v;ho will pay 4p2*00 
for a years* subscription will receive u prize valued at fifti'- cents. 

^^ -' 

II B 2 d (1) 

LietuTO ^ Vol# XV, No* 27, July 6, 1906< 




This newspaper is the official organ of the organization ;^inycia» In its 
first issue it states that its purpose is to uplift Lithuanians in science 
education, arts, and the other requirements belonging to civilized and 
cultured nations* The newspaper states further that the two present 
Lithuanian newspapers do not present the essential issues of Lithuania, 

In its first issue, besides news about the Zinycia, there is nothing of 
value* The Lithuanian language is very bad, and yet the editor says that 
he wants to educate Lithuanians* He himself does not know the Lithuanian 
lanpiage* Such a newspaper will tring nothing good to Lithuanians* 





II B 2 d (1) 
II B 2 d (S) 

II D 10 
I A 3 


IC Lietuva, .pr. 12, 1905 .. xOOOl 3027b 

IE •Nt'K(\LU»*«"^- 


p«3. ••• .Seeing such an unappeasable call for a Lithuanian socialist newspaper, 
the newly organized Lithuanian Socialist Party of America has decided to 
establish a weekly Lithuanian Socialist Newspaper under the title Kova 
(The Struggle) t For that purpose all necessary preparations are being 
rrade: A print^ing shop has been purchased, literary material for the 
newspaper is beini prepared, subscriptions and advertisements are being 
solicited. The newspaper will be published with the assistance of the 
Party and from the dues paid by subscribers. 

The Lithuanian immigration in the United States is increasing noticeably. 
Year by year it is increasing not by hundreas but by thousands. Today 
there are 400,000 Lithuanians in the United Spates. It is very obvious 
that the nurabe?- of our immigrants has considerably increased in our colonies 


WPA (ILL.) PROi- 30275 

Lietuva , Apr, 12, 1905, '" ^ * 

during xne xast twenty years. Although their number has' increased considerably, 
spiritual arui cultural progress is not aT)^arent. Comparing the Lithuanian population 
with other nationalities living in the United States, we are not publishing enough 
books and newspapers for our people. At the present time we have about ten (lO) 
news])apers for 400,^ CO people or one newspaper to every 4o,u00 people. This 
includes two periodicals an is inadequate for our copulation in thir; country. 
Other nationalities in this country have more newspapers and other periodicals 
for the same number of people. </e are not coMOi^ring favoraMy v/ith otner 
nationalities in our cultural development, i an very certixin that we will not 
find any other nationality as far bexiind in cuioural de elcpm-^nt, as we are today. 
So far we have nardly made any progress in education. 

We are standing where we stood one hundred years ago. »i/e have not made enough 
effort to enlighten our people and so other nationalities in the United States 
have adva.nced far ahead of us in education.. 


LietuYa, Apr* 12, 1905* v / 

Up until now all our newspapers are making an effort to serve all the 
Lithuanians in a general way in a non-partisan capacity 9 that iSf they do 
not adhere to the principles of any particular group* 

To give all Lithuanians their influence for the promotion of cultural and 
politicfiUL consciousness is the goal of all newspapers, including the Yienyfae 
Lietuviu (Unity of Lithuanians), Lietuva (Lithuania), and even Saule (The 
Sun )» &>wever, they are not to point out, on the other hand, great factors 
and instruments of educational progress within our circles* They do not 
properly aid in developing our people to attain the height of educational 
standard enjoyed by other nationality groups* 

Therefore, we need at least one socialist newspaper that will follow principles 
of socialism and defend the needs of working people* The people sell their 
physicaJL power to the capitalists, who exhaust their last ounce of energy, 
finally they lose their health and become weaklings during the rest of their 


Lietuva, Apr.12,1905. W^^^^^ ^'^^'^ 

lives. This is the result of the capioaiistic system. Nol only do the people 
become maimed: but their children become weaklings as the result of the capitalistic 

So far we have not nad any socialisoic newspaper in tiie united States, but all 
other nationalities have them. It is very important for us Lithuanians to have 
at least one socialistic newspaper wherein our workers can express theraselves 
unci discuss the affair r^ of the labor movement. No worker can exist without a 
socialistic paper if he wants to know abouL the Idbor moveiLent in present society. 
Since all the Lithuanians are workers, they must have a socialistic newspaper 
if they want to learn something about the labor moveinent in the United States. 
The aims and needs of all Lithuanian workers are th^ same as the aims and nee( s 
of all Lithuanian workers of the world. There isrno justice un er capitalisn. 

All the workers are compelled to unite against capitalistic injustice to labor# 


Lietuva , Apr . U ,1905 . W^- C'-Q •'' 


It is a well known fa&t that, we still .lave capitalistic servants or their sympathizers, 
especially, tne Catnolic priests. These priests are not only the capitalistic 
sympathizers, buo the enemies of labor. They want to ke^^ ohe lasses opened as 
mucn as possible. These priests use every means they <^aii -o thwart the educational 
progress of the masses. They realize tne fact thai* ignorant masses can be 

exploited much easier than educated masses. But when the workers reach a greater 
level of class consciousness, tie influence of the priests over them will uisappear.^ 

Nqw is an opportune time for Lithuanians to have a socialistic newspaper, not only 
for agitating purposes; but for awaking the spirit of the proletariat, which has oeen 
in a state of slumber for many generations. 

At present the treasury fund of the newspaper is very sirall. It will be difficult 
to start a paper witn such a srrall sum. Therefore, we invite all sympathizers of tne 
labor movement to help us by subscribing and getting subscribers to the socialist 
newspaper, Kova (The Struggle) from anyone else in sympathy with the labor movement^ 




JLietuva, *^pr.l2 ,1905. 

V/e are confident that, no worker will ignore our plea for help, and we hope that 
every Lithuanian worker will contribute something to that newspaper fund. This 
newspaper is very irnoortaRt, not zo one in ividual, but to all workers in the 
United States. Let us all v/ork for the be- e;'it of the workers. V/e are invitirig all 
the socialis'v.ic intelligentsia to cooperate with us in publisiing a new socialistic 

■i, . 

Subscriptions, ^cnti'lbutions and the articles snould b» sent to the following 
address: x^ova (The Strug^Je) Editor's office, 412 Sie^^el Street, Philadelphia, 

Penn., Central Ooimnittee. 

%% (!a.) r*?,;. 

II B 2 d (Ij 
I E 


Lietuva, Vol. X, lio. 26, June 27, 1902 


Darbiniii]vas( The .Yorker), non-pGriodic2l vrorkers* nev/spaper published by 
the Lithuariian Socialist c^oup, Chica£;o. The first number consists of 
52 Dares. 

This is the nev; Lithuanian workers' ncv;spaper» Such a nev/spaper is 
essential to the workers, such a Lithuanian nevrspaper never existed 
before in /imerica. The first number contains the fol]ov/in<^; articles: 
"Our Affairs/* ^^Ihe Convention of the Lithuanian Social-Democratic 
Party," "Llenoirs," ''The Strikes," "The Science of Christ and Society," 
by Vereszczagin; "The Concentration of Capital," '^Tc 
Iv'.ovement in Russia," "The .Torkers' lie^vs from Lithuania." 

The Revolutioniiry 

Viliereas the nev/spaper is non-periodical, the price of subscription is 
not stated. A single copy is 10 cents* Those -.vho want to subscribe to 
the ner.-^aper, vn'ite to D.-.rbininkg .s, 3238 S» Halcted St., Chicago. 





Katalikas Vol* 4, No. 11, March 13, 1902 


We have been receiving many letters from our readers, complaining to us 
that they have not received the copies of Katalikas for ^hich they have 
subscribed. V/e are not making an alibi and we are not trying to cover up 
our mistakes; but in this particular case we are not responsible for those 
who have not received their copies of our paper. The people themselves 
are to blame for not sending us their correct address. Most addresses 
which we have received are wrong addresses and the names of streets are 
badly misspelled. This is the reason why you are not getting your paper, 
because you have not iriven us correct addresses. We have many copies of 
Katalikas returned to our office on account of wrong addresses. We, also, 
cannot blame the post office department for not delivering the copies of 
our paper to you if your address is wrong. What can we do in this case? 
The only thing we can do is wait and hold the paper until we get the correct 
addresses from the people. This, I believe, is the only solution to this 
problem, to correct the culdresses which are wrong and the names of the 
streets must be spelled correctly as it is written on the street signs. 
If you have any difficulty in spelling the names of the streets correctly, 
I would advise you to go to the street comer, look at the street sign 
and copy the name correctly as it should be spelled. Hereafter we hope 

II B 2 d (1) . • 2 - LITHUANIAN 

Katalikas Vol. 4, No. 11, March 13, 1902 

that you wixl cooperate with us by sending the correct address, so that 
there v/ill be no more mistakes in the future • Then you will receive the 
copiea of our papejr on time without any trouble. 

Up to this time our paper contained many errors which we could not correct 
on account of lack of experienced personnel and general help. But, now, 
we have increased our editorial staff and general help, in order to enlarge 
and improved our paper, Katalikas, Moreover this paper will publish the latest 

and the best news of the world. Our policy is to raise the standard of our 
newspaper by publishing clean and good news and to serve our people in the 
community. Y/e request our correspondents not to send trifle or trivial 
news to the odltor of Katalikas . Hereafter, we will only accept the news 
from our correspondents that are brief, concise, and has educational value. 

Our printing establishment has bought new machines and new type setters 
costing hundreds of dollars. Therefore we are asking our readers who have not 
paid up for their last years' subscription, to pay it now and renew their 
subscription for the coming year. We need lots of money for improving our 
printing establishment and the paper itself. We cannot publish our pap^^r 
without your support. In order to have a better paper, first, we must have the 
support of our readers. No paper can exist in the community without the 
support of the people. 


II B 2 d (1) 

- 3 - 
Katalikas Vol. 4, No. 11, March 13, 1902 


We have many enemies who call themselves fellow-countrymen and would like 
to drown us in a spoon of water. Some of them even tried to stop the 
circulation of our paper by making complaints to the U. S. Post office 
department; but they failed to carry out their scheme* The U. S. Post 
office department ignored their complaint against our paper* It is pitiful 
to think that we have such feeble-minded people in this world. Nobody can 
hurt our paper Katalikas, not even words of agitation. Our paper is 
growing bigger and stronger just as the J^oman Catholic faith has spread 
throughout the world with no power stopping it. 

II B 2 d (1 ) 



Lietuva, Vol. IX, uc, 42, Oct. 18, 1901 

After the announcenent in Lietuva that Rev« Krav;-C2unas had lost his 
last case against the publisher and the editor, someone started to 
break the windows of the office of Lietuva. '.'Ye will give '^50 to this 
nan to tell us v/ho is askinr him to break the v;-indows of our office. 
'.Te sustain no losses from broken windov;s because they are insured. 

'.Ye (would) like to knov/ very nuch v^o is instructing- others to break 
the windo\7s. 

II B 8 d (1) 

II B 2 d (3) 


r T ''^ 

I 1 

Lictuva, Vol. L:, lie. il, Oct. 11, 1:^01. 

Thonc '•:::o havo road The '11 ^tor^ o? the Chi-^'^o Lithu:\ni'-:ns 'o-iovr that 
Rev, r:rav7C?,unac sued^ c Li-^tuva^s ^nAjlioli^'r "^ajTd 'editor in t'lO criminal 
and oi^.dl oourbs. Ouco lie cued for an article -'ublislied in I,ioti:va on 
Oct. 2^'. 1090. -nd fj-r ti-ec for t!'- nrticlc -inli-hed on Oct'lA.l-'no 

•I- \J .- V» J. ^.- • . ^., J. J. tj . . -^ .,«. ■• - «J. ■_' >^ -/ # .x. ^ m -1- . ' K/ --J 

•noor fello:-; lost hio c-cs. Irnt ti::ir^ he sued the 
iotuv a^o p^-oliGhcr -nd editor Tor 1 10^000. Thie tri'\l ca: e to an end 

on Ccto'-^'^'r 

•J 4-' 

O i . V J. J. kJ '^ I., J 


ni , 

tliro^rn ou'o of court and Rc^^. Ih.'av;czunas nust pay the court _ 

f^reja'-oct expense :Tcro the lavryX-rs: for each laTTJor th^^ rrioGt naid 
;;:100 prr day. ' ^ ' . 


reinai:is .for the rrie -rt to do but Imeel before liod and he- His norcy, 
because the rrieet did not l^ov: -vliT^t he r/ac doin'% 

1 '": " 

r-T> ~ i" f- 

— *^ - 


. a. 


. 11, 1901. 

Rcv« Ilra^Tczir-^-as is nc:: bcin^ sued by tl.o y^i^:lioly-r :-nd editor of 
iotn--a for i;;125,000, in oth- y v;crds, ?5,000 Tor e^c-. cas^ th 




-. ^-!- 

Rev. IlrsuTCZuria.;' l.ead. ?hi ^ricil -.75.11 co^^c ^i^ soorit Afh'^rc vdl^ -^-o 

■J '. 

^. '."" <"■ 



- > -i '"^ >") r^ - -^ V M ■ "n-". '•■■•T «••'■• t i^.n. •-",'• 

should raise hio so.l-ry r.:id noro sho.ild be paid Tor 'die Zascer oon- 
fesriion c^.rds because the ,'G c: rd^ v:ill not hr-^n^- euou'di nono^^ to 
r^ay ^11 thene th-us-^iids. It should bo the duty c£ the -n- r is/iioners 
bo driid-c more beer at the church "f-ir" in ord-r tc hclu the -rioot 

raise t-ic -ncnoy. At present nonoy is a ^reat necessity tc the wriest. 

II E 2 d_U ) 



Lietuva, Sept. 27, 1901 • 



but the trial of the Rev« Kraivczunas 

Durin^^ these days v/e her.r of notriin^^ 
against the publisher and editor of Lietuv a, This is the fifth case 
for $10,000 against Olszewski by Hev, Krawczunas, The trial will be in 
Circuit Court before Judge Baker. It may take all week to show the 

of Rev. Krawczunas. 


o o 



. II B 2 d (1) 

■* * II B 2 d (1) (polish) 

I C 



Katalik-\s , 'lol. Ill, No. 35, Sept* 5, 1901. 

"lYhile readin;;-* our newspapers we sordetimes cciae acrcso a nev; proposition 
submitted by the people and at the same time approved by them. But if 
we try to effect these proposi-icns, we meet a strong opposition, and 
the result is we don't accomplish an;yH:hin£ worth '^/v^iile. A great number 
of ^eor^la ^ead about the propositions in the papers and believe them 
to be beneficial to the community. It is obvious that these people 
wiio read the papers don' t understand wl-iat they are ree.dinj about because 
they don't pay close attention to the articles that are written in our 
papers. But if they read articles with attention, they will see clearly 
that our propositions are not so important as they expected them to be. 
V/e saw a proposition submitted by P. Sherna lon^r ago, which Dr. Shlupas 
renewed in 1900. The Poles approved highly of this proposition, even 
printing it in their papers. They invibed Lithuanians to join and 
support them to carry out the proposition. Our readers knev/ very well 
about that proposition, because it was written and explained in our 


- ?. - 

1 i..l^-:i.i±. iL^< 

'"^ ■^<^ 1 \ V 


fi o 

After ?i Ion ■ conside-^'ition thr.::fe "n';tionalitie:-; co'^rronio^d and decided 
to v/ork as one rrour) instead of three j^e'^^arcte 'touos. Th' r or''*an\.'!''itlcn 
consisted oi' t-ie fclTo'-Yln.-^ n-aticnalitles , Lithuanians, Poles and 
Ruthenians. Th^ purpose o^'' this or ''aniz " tion was bo raise trie funds 
for ruhli^^hin" a nev/ cntibled freedom, v^'-ii^h 'vonld be is'^ued 
triree tiiies a ^veek. 

The purpoc''". c * this r;aper v;c'i?.d h^^v?^ been hh^'eefold: first, to nrobact 
the ri^ht" of our neoole and further their intore.its in thi.'% r»ountrv: 
second, to shc;v the AmeriC'':.n reorle the aioi of this T^aper '.n r»T"omotin2: 
a ^o'^A snirit *" '^ '^■' ti -^enship; and third, to vf^'^.te and desci'ihe the 
conditions and s^^f^erinps of our brothers across the sea» Scpe of our 
fello'/r couf'tr^'^-en agreed on the nro^-'osition and contributed their 
Lioney for that cause. 5ut as the work became unsue-^^s-ful, many thinps 
becaine ver^' o?. ear. Their efforts and monev were v.^sted for nothing, 
and the'." did not BrroTn^Ush an^/t'/iinr. In the first olace ever\'i:hin?: 

t ' 





Katal iVas, Vol. JTT, Ho. 3f^, Sept. 5, 1901. 

v/as '/irorv--- from the very start oT this idea* One paper cannot b<= rian-^.f-ed 
hy tbrpp different nationalities bec^^nse there is hovmd to be some dis- 
ar^reenent and there can lot -^e rn/ h'^r^'-^n;' -^-o-^n-- bh*^^. 

Th^ Polls'! "paners of^en nent^ -n^d ;ind ur '"'^ ~h^^ L^* thu»^^ni.*^-ns to wor^: 

4. ^ 

in harroony vnth rben 'n carryinr out the ironosed plans. But since all 
things Rinn-o.-r>^'j ^-) >)o of ^r. volue, the Lith\3anians decided to drop 
the idea of the paper, bo doubt the;'' oovild h«vr^ ^'^n^ributed their 
shar-e, but sin<^^ they did not trust their friends, the Poles, their 
pa r t ne r ship wo s d i s i ol ved • 

luaybe they acknov;led?.:'ed Polish fellov/ship as ar nn-^^^j^? hworth^ partner- 
shit): for that reason onlv thev wer-e n^.t ^n a hurry to maVe thei'* 
contributions for e'^^t^blishin'- the newsonrer entitled The ^-reedorri. 

I, as an individual, anfly-'^d th^ sThuati-n '^er^y thorou';;'hly, b^t T 
•iid not vr"^ sh to n^^-r^f, * r^ •--^p-f-r* TH thei^ fi-^ht and ntop thei"^ ''ror.osed 

- 4 - LITIIUAi:T'\lv 

Katal jvas , Vol, Til, hr^. '^•^, S^-r&. -, IPOl* 

I did no^' dare say anvthin^^* until I saw an artl<^le in LI p'-u ^a^ I:^. 3?, 
"What to do v/ith the o^^ntribut ion.? v/n'^h were collected fc* eshahlish- 
inr t;ie nev^<in^per '^bp ^^'e'^'doin?" 

Then 7 finally understood ■f-b'^t Lithuanians are nc-^ sup^ortinr F. Sh'^>*na*s 
plans introduced by Dr» Shlupas, Now ^ane my orr,o>'tuni hy, vrhen T v/- s 
able to <^i'"p my opin^^n a'^0''+- -fViei^ nrof^osals and collections for establir^h 
in^ a n^i'rsr^-^^r in tb-^^ Eni^lisVi lr,n^\ia'"'*e, V:^'^ -^er.^ ^*' n^" b'^^eby to insult 
neither P. Sherna n*^"^ Dr» Shlut^a*^ arr^ th'^ •p^^o-nl ':> v^.^^ qn-'^^or-^pd ^b^^? 
plans, I v/ish to ei^-^res.s trv oninion and asV a question at the same 
time. Yihat is the rrer.t T-oino o"^ this proposal \v!iich vms submitted by 
Dr. Shlupas? F^oiri th'=' national stftjidT">oint ^ ■'?'\n a nation derive any 
benefit from such ^ Topo-^nl? I doubt very much if such tb-*n;^5 ^ould 
>)o iTi^dp rios3lbl^ irithout havin^^" snv frict?'"n airi'^n''* tf^r^^ different 
nat-? -^nnlitie?:. 'Afe aire- dy had an int-^^a"^p friendship wi-^h ^b^ Poles, 
when we ^ve^e or^anizin'^^ parishes and >>'^lon'^pd ^«^ their societies. But 
our friendshit) \vith the Poles nroved to ^^^ ^^ n- "hpnefit to us and 

- " - LIT"^TTAN -Ai: V^ ^J 

Kc^4-olV^^^ ^ i/ol. Tir^ ^^^ 'z^^ 3^ph, ^^ 1901. 

besides they exnloited ".is« Tb'^*^ ^^T'l-ndsh"^*. o cer^not be trussed, esnecially 
in our c^.se, a^ Lithuanians cannot p-et alon'''' with Poles because they 
al^Arays tooV ad^^antare of LithuGn^*'^ns and e-xrloited the^a in everything;', 
when^'jer the^'- had a chan:*e. T w^nt to ^'nov/ if those -oeonle who prooosed 
the idea of eota"'^li?h^n'^ the paper, Th*^ ^v*^r.,inrr|^ err^ected better resr'lts 
with Poles. A.fter all, this shows th^i't" we wilT^'not derive anv benefit 
from su'-^.h rronos^^ls, which have been 'nade by Dr, Shlu.pas. 

Tho neo^ie who are re-din'-" Eni^li^^h nev/s capers r^ay verv little attention 
to forei'^n nev/s and th« af-^^'airs of f'^rei-^n nationalities • H^^'^ , ^^ we 
did h«ve our n^wsr>f^.r>o»- ^^ the En^^lish lan^^fi^'"^, who w^nl-^ ^e.^^d it? It 
is of no benefit te om>- o^at^ neoplo '^^^-^-^use O'l^* ovm ■pen>-^le don't und^^- 
ii band the T^n^'^lTsh I'^.n'oj'^ ^e. 

Therefer^e, th^ r«p. .-^.-^r'.o o"^ "^ he ':^r»pP(^oTn would h*^"'^'^ "^^e^n the peorile with 
a li»nited 'ai^wl^^^'^^ <^^ -^-he En'^l'^^h l^n'^u'^re, V/e also knov/ thr*t th'=* 
'.'*\^l^rs <^^ the follov/lnf^ "-ove^'mi^^nts, f'"^"" example^ the T*^^** of Russia, 
the Kais^^r of G-rrian;^ cn^' -^ven Pre^-* ''^^nt ''v-c'^'inl'^^y of the ••nited States, 


Kataliv^.-^, Vol, '^ll, I;o. 3^, S^mt. 5, 1901. 

wculi not road our pa^er, PreodoTa^ Only these thr^^e ro\"*-rn^*^nt? ^r/^ 
no oth^^« (^onl-^ n>i"'''<=^ hf=^lT)'=»'3 and i'-^^'pro-'ed om>" l^'^^Tn^'* •'*ond"^. ti^ns if thev 
vfould read ^he r^'xr^er , Freed^'Tvi^ jt is a h-ard ^ro'h].^>n -t-o inter^^^st 
^O'^'mment officials in ro-din*" ovr na>*^^"»^«? <^nd sh^w thep wbnt I «: 
ovr* «i^', '^n'=^ rea?5cn is th*^ t onr n^. t'^^n "^ ^ to-^ weak bo e?tRbl'*=^h an 
influential nev/spcifer thron^"^-* Viich it c^uld ar^-^*^l ^^ ^.^^^^ govern- 
ment for heir- in ti^-^ie of need. 

Thei^efnr'^. T ]no ^ v^nr-)' th<^ t bh*^ rof-d^rs o*^ our n^''''r'=^\^^n^r* will bo '^'hle 
^Q n.^^-o ^^x* t^'^^^aselvCo v/n^bhor t'**? cronosed T^^r, ?re^<V^''n , w^uld 
haTO h^'-'^n t»*=*n6f ^ '^i'*^ 1 *^r n*^"^ "^'^ o»iv. np.t"^. 'n* Pro^^o5%it"! on^ an^^ r^ro'^r* *"'•>'<? 
w^ ha'^'o rlent""" "^"^ then: hnt we ha^'^en't ^n^' ^oo.'5 on^ i'«;^i'^ r*h xvo^ili be 
beneficial to our people and the nation. ^^ we ha"^'-*-* r^ny or-^an"^. l*^"^-! on 
established, we cannot "keep it "nemr^nentl'' "hf^r^mi^^n -f-j-jore is a l<^.ck of 
unitv ar-'^n'''' u*>« If w^ e^tabliw^^h o^-*^ or-'-an"^ *". ' tion, then w^ i^'^'^dia'^el:,' 
'=^'~bablisb an rather or-anization to hurt the first one. Pu"^' w= n^"^^ ^-ade 

• \ 


s .-^--> 

Katal i^^g , Vol. Ill, I;o. 35, S^T.-h. ^, 1901. 

'^n''.' effort to kee"n one or^'pn^ - t-^. nn ^'^rpj^nenbl"^. Would it not be iniioh 
better to keep ori':' ^nd tb^ V'^st or -"anir^t^ -n -^crrnanently than har« 
niRn""' or^'**\ni r"^t ions th^^t on^i^^e a lot -^^"^ "''voir'^le ^n'^ di^^'^re'^Tnent? a^cnT 
the members? ks an ind-^'.'idiial , ^ yn rh ^^ mention a'^'^'n "b-^ "^^Redom 
and ;:iTe mv rror»or * ^ * 'n, "which flh-^ n^t meet the arr>*o--ai of the ^eoDle. 
•TOv;ever, ^^ w^ wt<!>t to aoqrmint "^h^. Am'^' ri^an r-corle '.Ylth oi-r hi^tor^'" 
and nntion-1 affairs, wp ^an d^' thl - "'^^ "^^^f^""' itin^'* one of our hi^*- 
tories int'o the En^'rlish l^n^ua'^.e instead of ha-^^in^^ the nev/spuper. 
Freedom, 'rubl-^f-hed) b;' ''"hree d^. ■f^-^Vr'ent n* ti onali t* -^s. 

'Ye ha^^e many histor^" tpvt-booVs vrrlttpn by well ]< a^jthor??, which 
are ex'^ellent bc-V'- for t^an^'lsti^n ^r\-^^ -^-'-p '^n'^lish I'^n^^^a'-e. YJf- "iV^ 11 
"^^n'fit m.ur^h m^^p V' hav:' n^- Lit'^'^nanran hi'^tor^" ^^ansl-=» *^ed into the 
English lin^naai'^e than bv ha-in'*' » L"^ tbno-^-^'an nev7:^rar'er rrinted in 
the En^'-lish l:n'nAar;;e. Thus we v/ill >^e --'^l^ to acquaint the teerican 
people with the Lithuanian nation and its aff<^irs« 


. q . 


Katc^li>Hs, Vol. Til; ho. 35, S-r^t. F^, IPOl. 

Moreo"^r, the t'<5tnslati :n of the Lithuanian hirtory would n^^ cost 
much ^oTf" than printing the LithiTHnian r)f^r^^r \n "^h« "^n'^lish 1 ' nTunr'^. 
It i 5? ^ ^^"•e'-^.ter advantage "^or us to have the Ll+".huanian hi rto^" -^n 
the En,^lish I'-anf^^^"*^ "'^e^nuse ?^ h" rtor"" -"ir a rnl*^ is ^^r^-] n^r intelligent 
and educated reortle. V/e r/ould then have a chan-^^ of acquainting^ 
Americans with ^^^ • nation's affairs • 

It is net a bir^ ^ob tc ■^-<^r»ql'> f-p « onqll L'*thuan?an hi'^.tory. A.ny 
Lithuarr^an prin"^'*n'^* ev^^'-abl : ^hment o^ nev/spa'ocrs c^'uld accomplish this 
f\oh without foi'if* into '''^i"' p-r^n'^'^* I vro-^l-i l?v.^ ho h'"^r s^rme mini "^ns 
fro'i th'^i*]^o -^ Yi ^•'''-ard to my "nropos"^' t^ on. "'^soeciallv would I li'^p 
to >now ^vi-iat Lietuva w']! do and th'^nk about ^t' ^rorosition. 

II B 2 d (1 ) 


iii-'uYo., Vol. IX, i:c 

.. 29, July 19, 1901 • 


rlo linve he'xrd th-'t :-.ev. Xrauc-;> las ^:ot tired of ]'r:blishir- his nev's-- 
paper Ks.talikas . The prieot sold his nev.'spaper to his typist, John 

'he former Katalikas editor returned to Chicago, 

^ 11 B 2 d (1) LI TI^UAlIAN 

III c 

I E Lietuva ^ Vol. IX, iio. 20, Llay 17, 1901. 



Last Friday occurred the trial of the publisher of Lietuva, A. Olszewis- 
ki, against the former editor of Katalikas, Zr. Rusiki. 

Rusiki was sued for libel, for statin^;; in Katalikas that !>. Olszewiski 
v/as the secretary of the Independent Cutholic Church. 

l!r. Olszewiski v;on v'lOjOOO judgment against the former editor, Rusiki. 

/ i 

. . II B 2 d 11) 
? : III C 

> . I C 


Lietuva, Vol. IX, No. 19, May 10, 1901, 

Last week Ratal ilea s proposed to establish a Lithiaanian daily news- 
paper, and asks the opinion of others on this project. 

That the Lithuanian daily newspaper is essential and beneficial, 
no one can dispute. If the majority of nationalities in America have 
their daily newspapers, even in recent times, the Slovaks started 
to publish their daily newspaper, the Poles already have five 
daily newspapers, T^hy then can't the Lithuanians have their daily 
newspaper? The question is, could we uphold such a newspaper? 
Would it bring the results we are seeking? It looks to us as if 
the present weekly Lithuanian newspaper does not have many sub- 
scribers because, among the Lithuanians there are not many who 
want to read the newspapers. The Lithuanians work at hard labor • 
IWien a man is tired from hard labor, does he care to read the 
newspapers? A majority of the Lithuanian newspaper readers read 

- 2 - 

Lietuva, Vol. IX, No* 19, May 10, 1901* 


the newspapers on Sundays only because they are not used to reading 
the papers daily. Those who are reading the dailies in foreign 
languages will read ihem when the Lithuanian daily newspaper is 
issued* To have such newspapers as the American, we need literary 
force and financial power. 

In America there are ten times as many Poles as Lithuanians, but the 
Polish daily newspapers are hardly existing. The Polish newspapers 
are better provided for, and are published mostly by the priests. 
Everybody thinks that it is easier for the priest to donate a 
himdred dollars for a newspaper than for the workingman to donate 
25 cents. We must not forget that the parish budget is in the 
priest* s hands and under his sole control. Only in Milwaukee the 
Polish daily, Kurjer , is not under the control of the parish. It 
stands on a stronger basis; this is the oldest Polish nev/spaper; 
before, this daily newspaper used to have highly paid advertisements. 

- 3 - 

Lietuva, Vol* IX, No. 19, May 10, 1901. 


It would not be easy to get a group of writers for the newspaper. 
The editor himself prepares the literature without outside help. 
Yes, we receive correspondences, but in order to make it fit to 
be put in the newspaper, the editor must re-write such a corre- 
spondence. On such conditions one editor for a daily newspaper is 
not enough. Even though the editor would be of the greatest abi- 
lity, he could not produce enough literature for the daily news- 

No one will say that literary ability is developed by writing. In 
reality it is different: the newspapers are killing the literary 
men, they do not develop them. The newspaperman has no time to 
prepare the literary work properly, because he is always in a 
hurry. We see in our newspapers that literary preparation is far 
behind that of the European newspapers. The American writers have 
no time to prepare their articles in the right manner. When they 

- 4 - 


Lietuva, Vol. IX, No* 19, May 10, 1901. 

get used to making sketches, it is a very hard (thing) to regain 
literary ability. Even though the writers of other nations are 
standing on a higher standard, we see that the newspapers have 
the great effect of stopping the development of their literary 
ability. In America we have more newspapers than in any other 
country in the world, but the literary value of these newspapers 
is very low, for instance, the literary value of the American news* 
papers is far behind the newspapers of the three million people of 
Switzerland. Nobody will deny the literary ability of the American 
writers, but this literary ability is destroyed by the daily news- 
papers, and the best literary Tvriters are ruined. 

It looks to us as if daily newspapers among the Lithuanians could 
not exist, and it will not bring the benefit we desire. ^Then more 
Lithuanians will get used to reading the weekly newspapers, we can 
prepare them for the daily newspapers. At the present time we have 
not enough readers to support the daily nev/spaper. 

II B 2 d (1) 




Katali kas , Vol, III, No. 1, Jan, 3, 1901, 

MTICIIAL FIELD (Edityi-ial) 

Yfe started ou2' third vear of work for the benefit of Roman- Catholics in 
America. V/e consider our native lan'^'ua^^e and religion as the greatest 
fortune which v/e brou^^ht frori our fatherland to this strange land called 
America. Religion and language is our enti'-e fortune, which we received 
from o\}r fathers and T-vhich we mur? *: keep as a sacrod relic. The fatrierland 
is our seconi mother, our country in which we grew up, made our livelihood 
and srent the best da:/s of our lives. It is heartbreaking for everyone of 
us to think hovv v/e spent our davs of youth in Lithuania. Hov/ happy we 
were there v/ith no worry at all. Cur childhood days in Lithuania are 
glorious memoirs of the past. It makes one feel happy to thinJc of our 
childhood days when we played our games mth a great ,ioy and never dreamed 
of our future, for we were well contented with the present. We were just 
like any other children, never worried about tomorrow or the next day; 
we had not the slightest shade of worry on our faces; we never thought 
of "facing future problems and we had no idea that we would face our 




- 2 - LITHUAML1I^< V^^ 

Kp ^<\l1kQ.s , Vol, III, No. 1, Jan. 3, 1901. 

problems somewhere in a strpnre land of 'Miich ;ve never dreamed in. our 
childhood davs« 

Many of us suffered in.justir^e and hardship in Lithuania under the -Russian 
overnment; ye*:, there were many happy days in our childhood when we lived 
in our native land* Even those who lead an easy life in America think 
with en-vy about the happy days of youth spent in Lithu6inia# It is hard to 
for^'et a beautiful meidov; in the month of May, especially v/hen fla^vers 
are blooninj: and birds are sin^in?^« 

We cannot forget our lauEuare, reli.3;ion and father lard . Langx;ia':^e, religion 
and fatrierland are sacred thin,^s bo us, which we must always carry in our 

Therefore, Katalikas, has a di^^ficult problem to solve in order bo help 
their Catholic brothers in America.. Katalikes will make ever^^ eifort to 
help brothers in their needs and mil help to enlighten them in their 

O ^^/^ . " 


- 3 - LITHUA'^IIA])^^^- 

KahaliVas, Vol* III, No* 1, Jan. 3, 1901» 

'lATe hor? tfia t all disagreements vrl 11 end amon^ our brothers during the 
19th century and solidarity will ^^evail amcn'^ our people who are living 
in Americ^i* It would be much better to put aside all unnecessary quarrels 
and separating into many ^roups , instead of niaintaininr p strong national 
unity. V/e cannot accomplish much if we split into -rs^rvj groups. 

In order to accomplish sanething -worthwhile we must unite and work together 
for our fatherland and our brobhers wh*^ are suffering hardships across 
the sea* 

\ II B 2 d (1) L'TTFrAi:iAIT 

II B 2 d (1) Polish 

l^l ^ Li^-tu-i, Vol. VTIT, N-. 52, 0--. ?8, 1900. .,., ^,, , . .. 

IV J., ^^^.- ;_T^ 'i^TTPs C^ T'E CPPRESGED K/iTI^'IIJ 

'^■'he rroblera raised by Dr. J. S::liupas that r-i^l +V^ or-pressed nations 
sliould publish a newspaper 5n one int--rnj^.tir.nal Ian '7179^6 e:--l^i n^'n^r 
the harm don^ h^^ the oppre^rors, h«^.? be^n rer-lied b'^,^ a few r.icre news- 
papers en this ruestion. The nev/spo.r.r^r AteitiB is against such a pro- 
ject. As the (criticism of the) .^tejtis is not based on historical 
and loric^.l -rounds, we v/ill r.ay no attention, to such criti'^sir-. 

Regarding Dr. J. Szliupas' motives, Mr. T. Sio^ir^dzki, in the Polish 
newspaper America., states that the bi^^ nations have very little interest 
in the %.f fairs of the orr-rer^sed nations; that by not hjxving good ivrit-T^-- 
^^ will be very hard for the oppressed nations to publish a newspaper 
in the international ]r,nf*uafe. The bi^; nations v/ould not ta^e 'nterest 
nor would thev consider such a rroblem. 

In A.meric'^ vr^ lacV rc^'-erfi;! vrri-^ers f-.vr.on"- the I ithuf^jiians, the Pole?, 


— '^ - 


Lie1,u-R, Vol. VTTT, Ko. F?, Dec* 25, 1900, 

WPA (;Lu,) -RUJ, 30^75 

the Russians and t^o Slavonians, but we must n'^'^ ^^r-pt that y*'OV/erful 
and fan^ou^ vrit^^rs arpear onl"; h'" xv^r'-in^'' hard* B^.'' n'"'': working* it is 
impossible to develop into pov/erful VvTiters, 

L^"^ us take into considerati-^n the Finns • 'A'hen they started their 
publicity about the P\issian oppression, the other nations became inter- 
ested and are e^.^en dis^ussin^: the Finnish national affairs at ^resent. 

Even thou'rh such an internati nal publication ivould not free the 
oppressed naticns, this ^ dea v/culd be widely spread through publicity, 
and it would be a step tcvmrds reality* 

The Russian f^overnm.ent is afraid of ^^-f^ orT>'essed nati^^ns* The tsar 
s-^-ar-^ed a merciless persecuti'-n of Lithuanians, Russians, ''}eTV\B.v.s and 

Ivlany more of the Polish newsoa^ers -Coined this rroiect br^^u"*ht >^'',' 


- 7 - LITFTt;\ijian 

I^j-hrra, Vol. VIII, No. 52, Dec. ?^ , 1900. 

D^-. Szliupas. In the last ir.^^ie, the Z^.oda urred all the Polish 
societies to call meetings, in order to discuss this problem. The 
Russian newspaper Swoboda i-^ -5-1*1 ^n a Russian conventicn on January 
2 at -Terser^ ^Itv N. J. It is t'lo Hn-^:- cf the Lithuanian or^-pnizations 
to t^Ve t^-'s matter into consi --erfti'-'n. In Europe neither the Lithu- 
anian nor the Polish newspapers took up the que^^ticn in open discussion. 

We mu.?t not forget t^at not p1 1 of the newspapers in Europe can ^r^rly 
discuss this problem. 

The Polish "ZwiazeV" ?u^--'orts Dr. Ssliupas' rro.-^ect and has elected 
a ccpmittee of the follai'Tlni^ men: F. H. Jablonski, LI. Slecz:mski and 
Dr. Zuraneski, to take th^.*' ^y^v]^^ •n+'^ consideration and to g;et in 
touch mth other or^'aniz 'ticns . V^Tiat will c^me o-^ +->^.*? we vj-ill see 

II B 2 d (1) 

d (1) 
d (1) 

II B 2 

II B 2 

I C 


Lieirava, Vol. VIII, No. 48, l^ov. 30, 1900. 



Soin9ti'ae in the past the Rusini (Russians speaking a somewhat different 
dialect from the Russian language) raised the question in the paper 
Swoboda , that in order to gain freedom all the oppressed nations by 
the Russian government, should unite and publish a newspaper in one of 
the international languages. Among the Lithuanian nevfspapers, the 
Lietuva and Vinybe approved of the idea, and for that purpose they 
have collected a couple of dollars. 

We do not expect the clergy to support this publication, because there 
would be no pecuniary gain for them. Ateitis (The_ Future) does not favor 
the idea. The editor of Ateitis replied that in order to gain freedom, 
the people must get enlightenment; then they will find their way to 
freedom by themselves, lio one objects to the fact that the enlighten- 
ment of the people is most essential, but the editor of Ateitis did not 
explain how to spread enlightenment among Lithuanians in Russia, v/here 

even the Lithuanian language is prohibited. To wait until the government 


- 2 - 

Lie-bava, Vol^ VIII, No* 48, Nov. 30, 1900. 


enlightens the people would be too long. The union among the oppressed 
nations and the proposed newspaper is the most important aim if we are 
to gain freedom and spread enlightenment. 

Among the Polish newspapers, the Zgoda favors tiiis idea and published 
Dr. John Szliupas' article on the matter. The Polish daily, Dziennik 
Narodowy, gave an analysis on this problem, and we think that the other 
Polish liberal newspapers will uphold this idea. Of one thing we are 
sure: neither the Polish nor the Lithuanian clergy will support this 
idea because there is no business for them in it. 

II B 2 d (1) 
1 c (3) 


I C LietuTO, Vol. VIII, ^o. 38, Sept» 21, 1900* 


Here is a letter received by Lietuva from the art director and the art 
press of the Paris Exhibition. 

The United States Coimaission, 

Paris Exhibition, 1900 

Washington, D. Ct, August 31, 1900* 

Lietuva, Chicago, Illinois • 

I have the pleasure to inform you that according to the official announce 
ment and recognition of gifts at the Paris Exhibition, 1900, the first 
Grand Prize Tvas granted to the United States newspapers, books and 
periodical publications* You are included in this gift. 

Sincerely yours, 

A* S« Capehart. 
Director of Liberal Arts and Chemical Industries, 

II B 2 d (1 ) litkuaitiaj: 

T V 

Lietuva, Vol, VIII, imo, 7, Feb. 16, 1900, 


In the month of February a new newspaper was started in Chicago under 
the name Kurejas , (The Creator). It will be a weekly paper. As it 
seems from the first issue, the newspaper will be for the working 
class people, a liberal Tiew, will stand for equality, will defend 
the working class in order to free the workers fron the exploitation 
of capitalism.. The writings will be based on criticism, will avoid 
personal attacks and slandering words; everyone v;ill have an equal 
chance to express his views. We are wishing the best success for 
this new newspaper. The free thougjit newspapers are very few. 

O. c, ./ 

II B 2 d (1) ' LITHUANTM ^ 

III c WFn ,i:-^; ^r^'^. o02/i 

Katallkas, Vol. II, Feb. 1, 1900. 


With the help of God and with the good will of the people today we are 
sharing our happiness with our readers because Katalikas becomes larger. 
Beside this, in the future we will constantly improve Katalikas , not for 
profit but to serve our brother Lithuanians who came to this strange 
country and who succeeded financially, sometimes very rapidly, forgetting 
they are people, forgetting they have sincere and worthy parents, brothers, 
sisters, relatives and friends^ 

Therefore, we repeat again, not for the purpose of increasing our profit 
but for love to our brothers, so that they get back on the good road of 
life; all who became lost on account of belonging to immoral organizations, 
reading of provocative newspapers and ungodly books* Therefore, we are 
not after profits, but only wish that most of our brothers start to read 
this newspaper. Naturally, we ask this in order that we would not ask 
vbig contributions. Even building the famous church of Solomon was stopped 
for a short time on account of shortage of labor and material. On that 

II B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITHUAWIM 

Katallkas . Vol. II, Feb. 1, 1900. WPA {!IU PROj.30£;5 


account, brother Catholics, don't stop your work; contribute everything 
you can by reading, by propagating and writing important news about 
Lithuanian life in America* .Te all must stick to the v/ork. If v/e stick 
to the unity God will bless us. Many who are lost we will bring back to 
moral life. Those who are doubtful in holy religion, we will strengthen. 
Those who have inclination for prostitution, drunkards, swearers, we will 
bring them back to salvation. 

Therefore, let every Lithuanian read Katalikas , in the reading of which 
you will find happiness in your sorrows and hope to salvation. For there , 
is only one road to reach eternal happiness, for our deal souls are suffer- 
ing here in this vale of tears. At the end, we repeat again, let's stick 
to our work that will brina: fruitfulness a hundredfold. 



II B 2 d (1) 


IV Lletuva, Vol# VII, mo. 52, Dec* 29, 1899« 


The Rev« Krawczunas* newspaper, Katalikas , for the last year has immed 
the people against Olszewski* The Reverend Father has been writing in 
his newspaper shameful lies about the latter; that Olszewski with his 
henchmen are attacking the people on the streets; that Olszewski has 
a lot of debts; that he is on the verge of bankruptcy, etc# The priest 
believes that with such lies he will force Olszewski into brankruptcy* 
(To witt the Rev« Krawczunas is angry because Lietuva dared to disclose 
his improper acts, and the priest firmly believed that the life of 
Lietuva is in his hands; to destroy Lietuva the priest established his 
own newspaper Katalikas* VVhen the priest had established his newspaper 
he said to everybody that Lietnva will exist only for two months; that 
he will leave Olszewski without a shirt)* 

The dog^s voice does not reach heaven* During the past year Ifetalikas 
poured out the dirtiest lies about Olszewski in order to persuade 
the people that they should not go to Olszewski with any business; 


II B 2 d (1) 


- 2 - 


Lietuva, Dec. 29« 1899* 

but iinfortianately for K&talikas ^ all the people were not listening to 
it« More than twelve months ago the priest started his attack on 
Olszewski^ but up to the present time the spiritual father lulled to 
destroy Olszewski* HVhat^ then^ remains for the spiritual father to 
do? The priest quit the financial attack on Olszewski; now he took up 
the religious malice to pour on Olszewski's head« The priest picked up 
from his drawer letters in Polish and Latin^ the damnations of the 
Independent bishop Kozlowski in the year 189S« The Rev« Krawczunas 
added the fictioious signature of Olszewski^ and in number 50 and 51 
of Katalikas ^ he published the shameful lie^ telling all the people that 
Olszewski has joined the Independent Catholic Church Parish Committee^ 
that in 1898 when he went to confession he declared that he belonged to 
the Independent Catholic Churchy and that he took sacrilegiously the 
sacrament of the Rcman-Catholic Church • He sold his soul to the devil, 
etc* Now the priest believes that with such lies he will kill Olszewski's 

II B 2 d ( 1) 


- 3 - 

Ljetuva^ Dec* 29, 1899» 


Even though our spiritual father upholds lying as his principle, such 
a lie is too thick* He has some of my letters; if he will compare the 
signatures he will see, if he wants to see, that my signature is 
different from the one he published in the newspaper Katalikas * 

To these lies of the Rev« Xrawczunas I reply: That I have never belonged 
to any Polish parish conmittee of the Roman* Catholics nor of the 
Independent Catholics* Therefore, I am asking Katalikas to repudiate 
the shameful lie about me* If in the following issue the Katalikas will 
not repudiate that lie, I will be forced to seek justice in court* The 
same repudiation I demand from the newspaper Saule (Sim), wliose 
publishers seem to have made an agreement to repeat the lies that were 
printed in Katalikas* 

A* Olszewski* 


II B 2 d (1) 




Katalikas, Vol. I, No. 22, June 1, 1899. 


Mr. Olszewski devised a very educational article entitled ''Spiritual Hypo- 
crites," which he published in his paper Lietuva . In this article he 
reveals his true character and intellij^ence to our people. An intelligent 
man who has read this article will not think much of it. Anybody can see 
that we cannot expect much from such intellectualist who has no logic at 
all. !Mow they are willing to compromise and also exculpate themselves for 
attacking our rector and the members of our parish. 

One of the members, who belongs to the so-called intelligentsia, is laying 
a smoke screen in front of the people by spreading false propaganda against 
the members of the church. Mr. Olszewski calls himself an intelligent and 
educated man, but he cejinot even write intelligently in his own language 
and cannot express hixuself clearly. 

Those people who read the letter written by A. Olszewski, which as published 
in Katalikas , can easily see this viewpoint. Now Olszewski is putting all 
his efforts in trying to vindicate himself by using meaningless words and 

/ o 

II B 2 d (1 ) 


- 2 - 

LITHUANIA!^ :^ '^ 


Katalikas, Vol. I, lio. 22, June 1, 1899. 

saying that he is not a godless man. Yes, he calls himself a good Christian, 
but at the same time he abuses our church and its members. It is hard to 
understand a man like him. He says one thing and thinks another. Mr. Olszew- 
ski and his henchmen may talk all they want until their tongues get tired; 
they they will stop talkin and writing in their paper Lietuva against our 
parish. They are trying to prove that their statements are always based 
upon the facts and cannot be disputed. This expression is a little too 
strong, and not a bit logical. V^e doubt if Mr. Olszewski could be able to 
use his facts, which are not in existence, in court, if he had a chance. 
You cannot change the truth, as you cannot change black into white. 

Those people go to saloons to drink, gossip and abuse God and its teachings, 
and yet they call themselves good Catholics. It is an incredible thing to 
hear such bad slandering against the church and parish, especially from 
those people who have a nerve to call themselves members of our parish. 
A few individuals in our parish are going around and telling the people 
that there is no God and no punishment after death. We believe their source 
of knowledge is Lietuva, which is published by A. Olszewski. 



II B 2 d (1 ) 


- 3 - 

Kateiiv^.s, Vol. I, Wo. 22, June 1, 1899. 


Mr. Olszewski denied the fact that he wrote an article which was published 
in Lietuva, that there is no God. It is not so br.d v/hen a man admits or 
does not deny; but when a man makes a statement and then denies it, he is 
the worse kind of hypocrite who ever walked on two feet. Peorle of that 
type are nothinp; but wolves that parade under sheep skin. Moreover, these 
people cannot be trusted in an^/thin^ they do or say, and at the same time 
they are dangerous to the present day society. 

The hypocrites, under a cloak of religion, are doing their business among 
the members of our parish and, in addition, in their private letters are 
pro'^'-okin^ the people and scorning the dogmas of the Catholic Church. 

Remember your words, Mr. Olszewski, what you said: "Some crazy priests who 
have no education and no intelligence will permit a man to many a second 
time in the Catholic Church if he is divorced in the civil court. That it 
is not a sin to marry a seccni time in the Catholic Church, if the man is 
divorced in the civil court, and that the man will not be punished after 

II E 2 d (1) - 4 - LITHUAMIAjj (^ 


Katalikas, Vol. I, Wo. 22, June 1, 1899, 

Mr« Olszewski, as you consider yourself a good Catholic, hov7 do you under- 
stand the doctrines of cur church and what changes do you expect to bring 
about? We have our facts about our religion, but we want your answer, which 
should be based upon the facts only, for we don't want any gossip and 
meaningless vfords. We are tired already of loose tongues and silly argiunents 
of yours • We want facts froir. your side and no gossip. Some time ago Mr. 
Olszewski put in an article in Lietux^a stating that the editor of Rev. 
Kraucunas does not understand CTthcITc ism . We never heard that Rev, Kraucunas 
had an editor. This is something new to us that Rev, Kraucunas had an editor 
of his own. These fantastic ideas were originated by Mr. Olszewski. We often 
wonder if I^. Olszewski knows what he is talking about himself or others. 

It is obvious that an editor must belong tc some newspaper, but ^x^ Olszewski 
does not understand that. 

The editor of Katalikas ansv/ered briefly and shortly Olszewski's accusation 
that he is not competent to judge Catholic's editor's Catholicism. lv!r. 
Olszewski has a lot of courage to stick his nose where he does not belong. 

II B 2 d (1 ) 



Katalikas ^ Vol. I, No. 22, June 1, 1899 • 

Mr. Clszev/ski and his henchnen became regular monkeys, and the only thing 
they lack is tails. Now they want to see us all become monkeys like them. 
It is strange to hear them call themselves 19th century intelligentsia. 
It is a well known fact that Kr. Olszewski made every effort to invite 
Dr. Szliupas; that he gave him a very nice reception and praised him as 
a great man in the field of literature, knowing that Dr. Szliupas is an 
enemy of the Catholic Church and its doctrines. 

Now we want the answer from Ivlr. Olszewski. The loyalty of a member to his 
church is determined by his associates. Ivlr. Olszewski calls himself a good 
Catholic and at the same time he associates with a man like Szliupas, who 
does not believe in the Supreme Being at all. However, he is still trying 
to bluff us about Catholicism. Vi^e don't understand wlmt do you want from 
Catholics and what right have you to intrude in our affairs. The Catholics 
don»t want any trouble with you nor discuss your principles and your aspect 
on the life of mankind. We have no desire v/hatever to discuss or debate 
on any subject at all. We want to be left alone and not be disturbed by 
anybody. The people of that type are like v/olves who, covering themselves 

II B 2 d (1) - 6 - LITHUANI 


Katalikas, Vol, I, I^o. 22, Jnne 1, 1899. 

with a sheep* s skin so that other people cannot recognize them, parade like 
innocent sheep. These people like to gossip about other people* s affairs; 
they like to see other people suffer; they want to ruin other people* 6 
reputation by calling them thieves. It is disgraceful to our nation to 
call priests -^nd bishops tliieves. A man with comiion sense would never call 
the members of the Catholic Church thieves. i;ow we want to call Mr. Olszew- 
ski* s attention again to the article wi:iich appeared in L i etu va not long 
ago. In this article he made the statement that our rector stole money from 
our church and divided this money with the bishop. But he denied the fact 
that he abused God in articles which were published some time ago. 

LIr» Olszewski does not understand that by scorning the priests he is scorn- 
ing God indirectly. Our Lord Jesus Christ said to the Apostles and their 
heirs, the bishops, "Those who scorn me, scorn you also." 

Vir. Olszewski and his clique may tell the truth and adDiit that Christ told 
the truth to his ADOstles; vet he denies that he scorned God in his natter 

II B 2 d (1) 

- 7 - 



Ratal ikas. Vol. I, L.o* 22, >\me 1, 189^* 

We want to see what v/ill be tVie outcone, especialxv in V.r. Olszewski's case; 
v/here he stands and in what he believes. So far we knov/ that he does not 
believe in Jesus Christ our Lord. If he tells that he believes in God, v/e 
are certain thf'.t he does not believe in the Christian ^'od. In his case it 
must be another god whom Llr. Olszewski is worshiping, but it is not a 
Christian god. As a rmtter of fact he dees not bel eve in anything as far 
as we know about I..r« Olszewski. He cannot fool the public and the members 
of our church saying that he is a Catholic. The people are too intelligent 
to be fooled by his propaganda and hypocrisy. In the first place M;*» Olszew- 
ski never was a Catholic at all; he only rlays the ?^ame of "monkey sees, 
monkey does*" 

He has never been sincere in his statements as long as he lived in o ir com- 
munity. He is the type of a man whom nobody can ~rust, especially ^rood Catho- 

^ a. w w} . 

7^''e vvill not answer any more o^ his lies and accusations* If vre .vill continue 

II B 2 d (1 ) 



Katalilcas, Vol. I, i^o. S2, June 1, 1329. 

to answer it, there v/on't be any end to it, because he is wading deeper 
and deeper and will rievev reach the end of the argunent. This is about 
tine to end arguments, for it does not pay to dispute v/ith a man of 
his caliber* The people are becoming disgusted by reading the same lies, 
accusations and explanations over and over. We have maintained our silence 
before and we will continue to maintain our silence in our paper Xatalikas. 
We made every effort bo warn our readers from readir^ their propaganda 
against Catholic faith. This Icind of rronaganda is dangerous to the soul 
of mankind. 



Lletttva t Vol. VII, No. 15, April 14, 1899. 


As soon as we announced In the newspaper the oolleotion of money in 
order to exhihit our publication at the exhibition in Paris, we heard 
the cry from our clergy that they were against the exhibit of our 
publication at the Paris exhibition. 

Tevyne (The Fatherland, the organ of the Lithuanian Alliance of America 
at that time, under the control of the clergy) says that the money will 
be lost, etc. The collected money cannot be lost because it is under the 
control of a reliable committee. We do not ask people to send the money 
to Lietuva or to Vienybe 's committees^ Let the people choose their own 
committers, and let them decide where to send the money. 

We see no reason why the newspaper Tevyne is against the exhibit of the 
Lithuanian publication at the Paris exhibition. This is the only place 



- 2 - LITHUANIAN ^n 

Lletuva. Vol. VI It No. 15. April 14, 1899. 

where we can expose the oppression by the Russian 50vemment of the publi 
cation of literature in our own language in Lithuania* 

(Tr# n. - The clergy were against the exposure, at the Paris exhibitiont 
of the Russian goTernment's oppression of the Lithuanians in Lithuania, 
because the clergy themselves helped the Russian government to keep the 
Lithuanians in Lithuania in darkness and ignorance). 

II B 2 d 

Tm; — 




Katalikas, Volt I, Uo. 6, Feb. 9, 1899» 

The editor ard the traitor of Lietuva were arrested February 3, 1899, 
by a deputy sheriff and taken to the county jail. The following day 
both prisoners put up a $2,000 bond and were released at 11 A* M« 

from the county jail until trial. The reverend rector of St. George 
Lithuanian parish was compelled to do that for the benefit of the people 
in the community, according to the wishes of the Lithuanian Catholics in 
Chicago* Even though the rector felt sorry, yet he had to make a com- 
plaint against these people for lies and slander in their paper, Lietuva , 
gigf^inst our holy church and Reverend Father. 

The reverend r<^ctor suffered enough from slander in Lietuva against 
him for half a year; he finally lost his patience and decided to seek 
justice in civil court. Even the priests from other colonies began to 
send protests through Catholic papers to our rector, during that scandal 
in Lietuva , and requesting hin bo give account of his parish. Father 
Krauciunas, of St« George's parish, Chicago, Illinois, promised to 
othe!* priests to give account of his work after ihe trial which is pend- 
ing now in civil court in Chicago. 


II B 2 d (1) 

I A 2 
I C 


Lietuva , Vol. VII, No. 2, Jan. 13, 1899, 


*" W.P.A. I 

-A new newspaper has appeared in Chicago under the name Katalikas ^ 
(The Catholic), published by the Rev. Krawezunas» The newspaper in 
its first issue states that its efforts will be to enlighten and 
to educate the Lithuanians in the Catholic spirit. Further, it gives 
an explanation of the holiday of the Three Kings, then the news from 
Lithuania, the news of the world and the news from America. Then 
the article, "The Maidens Mountain," (Panu Kalnas) and the story of 
the debtor. Instruction to the priests on how to preach sermons and 
about Lithuanian orthography. 

In the last instructive article it seems that they have taken the 
old material about the Lithuanian philology. Whereas the majority 
of the philologists of today state that the Lithuanian language 
is distinct, not related to the Slavonic languages, and they are 


II B 2 d (1) - 2 - 


I A 2 a 
I C 


Ljetuva t Vol. VI I , No# 2, Jan. 13, 1899. 

holding that the Lithuanian language is older than the German and the 
Roman languages; that the Lithuanians in Europe lived on the Baltic Sea 
before the coming of the Crermans and Slavs* This is recognized by many 
scientists. The Slavic philologists say that the Lithuanian language 
is not related to the Slavonic languages; also the (rerman philologists 
admit that the Lithuanian language is not related to the German lan- 
guage . 

Even though this new newspaper is issued to fight against us, yet we 
are cordially greeting it without any envy. If the editor of this 
newspaper S'jfcoeeds in bringing the people who are not reading any 
newspaper nor books to read his newspaper, this will be a great accom- 
plishment. .7e are heartily wishing the paper success. Besides this 
we believe that Rev. Krawczunas, by having his own newspaper, will at 
last give an account of the condition of the parish budget, and will 
do away with all the scandal. In like manner he may explain why he is 

II B 2 d (1 ) 


I A 2 a 
I C 

- 3 - 


Lietuva , Vol* VII, Nq. 2, Jan. 13, 1899, 

supporting with Lithuanian money the Polish school, where for in- 
struction of the Lithuanian language, as we have heard, he gives only 
one hour per day to the teaching of Lithuanian by those who do not 
understand it. 

For whose benefit is he supporting the school? It is known very well 
that even in the province of Suvalki in Lithuania, the Russian govern- 
merft gave a better place for the Lithuanian language. 

(R. Tr« : At that time in Lithuania, the Russian government prohibited 
the publishing of newspapers and books in the Lithuanian language). 

II B 2 d (1) Katallkas , Jan. 5, 1899. LITHUANIAN 


/KATALIKAS states its P0LICY7 

In thoso days when a newspaper appeared t the public was very enthused about 
its contents and aims, both from a political and educational viewpoint* 

'ie will state briefly that our paper Katalikas will devote its entire time 
to the affairs of Lithuanian Catholics of America. Knowing that knowledge 
is a power and education is one of the greatest assets to a man, therefore 
every one ought to be interested in education. 

Education based on religion and morality make people stronger spiritually 
and more competent in fulfillinf^ their duties. .7e must study and make 
every effort to educate ourselves with a real education. Vfe must read good 
books and good newspapers in order to know our past end present needs of 
our people. Knowing our own needs and needs of our fatherland, we must rre- 
pare ourselves for a better future, then we will be on the same level with 
the nations that are more advanced in education. .Vithout education, we will 
be always degraded and serve others as sieves. Therefore Katalikas will 
make every effort to educate Lithuanian Catholics and explain the needs 
of Li-thuania and American Lithuanians. Knowing that education without God 
and morality is the road which leads to perdition, through which we can 
travel but we cannot return, ''/e vfill put in an article in the paper on how 

IT B 2 d (1) - 2 - LITHUANIM. 

_ i—L. y^ 

Katallkas t Vol. I, No. 1, Jan. 5, 1899. 

we should live and with help of God we v/ill be able to save ourselves from 
all evils, from those who degrade us and lead us to perdition. Education 
is very useful and it plays important part in this world, but education 
without religion and faith in Grod loses its value. Our present day great 
scholars, benefactors of mankind were v/crshipers of God; but there are some 
people who make statements that there is no God; that there is no eternal 
life and that they may live as they please. Those people have not learned 
anything worth while and at the same time they heve lost their faith in 
God through their dissolute life. 

Such people wish thct there were no God, because their conscience tells 
them that God's punishment for their imnoral life is waiting for them. 
Therefore, these people wish to still their conscience and don't wish to 
be told about God. They rather have their conscience suppressed than to 
admit the existence of our God. For example, if a drunkard is worrying 
about something, he will not stop drinking, but he will start drinking 
more in order to forget his troubles. 

The very same thing with those people, v/ho do not believe in God. If 

II B 2 d (1) 

- 3 - 

Katallkas, Vol. I, TTq* It Jan, 



somebody happens to mention to them of our Christ and His teachings of 
Christian faith, and the laws of our church, they begin to abuse and 
disrespect more. They even write in their newspapers against our church 
and Catholic faith. It is obvious t} ''t they don't v/ant to know or hear 
about the eternal life. Their conscience tells them that it would be 
better if there \Yere no eternal life, moreover, they are afraid of the 
life beyond, which they may h^ve to fpoe in the future, and be punished 
for their In-^.ornl deeds which they hac^ committed during the pe^^iod of 
their existence upon this earth, '^hey also know that one cnnnot hope any- 
thla^T ^ood for immoral life ofter ieath. 

It would be much better for those people, especially those who live in 
this v/orld, merely to fill thei>- stomachs and satisfy their physical 
desires, to maiatain silence thhTx to write in papers, stating that 
science has proved thjit there is no 3od and no eternal life. 

Nobody can believe or follow those who are against our faith, only one 
who needs psychopathic examination and an Individual who lost his moral 
faith; hov/ever, we. Catholics, know v/all the.t Christian faith has no 

II B 2 d (1) 

- d - 


Kfitallkas. Vol« It No* 1, Jan. 5, IP:?9. 

fear of science and the science agree with the religion and faith in 

In order to settle the argument ^et^Yeen Catholics and oodles s group v/ho 
was so anxious to prove that the Catholic church was afrsid of science • 
To nrove that the enemies of God and church are spreading false propa- 
ganda ao:ainst the church. 

The holy Father Leonas XIII opened ^.is library to scholars and the scien- 
tists of the world and appealed to all Catholics ur.^ing thc^n to make 
scientific investigations. T^e said, "".'ho considers the spirit of the 
times will understand that this is the tirne for scientific investigation, 
that natural science agrees best with Christian faith. Therefore we, as 
sons of the Holy Catholic Church, must take care of religious education 
that opens the way to understanding of our faith in (Tod» Only through 
religious education we will recognize our needs and we will understand 
our problems and purpose for which we were created. 

II B 2 d (1) LITHUANIAI^^ 

I A 2 a (Polish) 

IV Lietuva> Vol. VI, No. 51f I^ec. 23* 1898. 


No. 21 of Tevyne (Fatherland, organ of the Lithuanian Alliance of America) 
announces that in Chicago the Rev. Krawczunas started to publish a news- 
pa j-er under the name Zemaitis (Samogitian). 

The purpose of this new newspaper is to harm Lietuva materially. We have 
heard for a long time about the coming of this new newspaper, i^e know 
very well the intellectual and moral value of Rev. Krawczunus, v/e have 
no doubt that the purj^j^e of this newspaper will be as Tevyne has stated. 

As the saying goes, ''the owl cannot give birth to the eagle**, so Rev. 
Krawczunas has very little conception about morality, and for this reason 
he will create nothing good. In Chica^.0 there are many Lithuanians. Lots 
of room for two newspa-ers, which can exist without trying to harm each 

II B 2 d (1) 

- 2 - 



Lletuva Vol. VI, No. 51f ^©c. 23f 1898 

The duty of a newspaper is to help our brothers, but not to harm them. 
If the purpose of Rev. Krawczunas* newspaicr is to fight us, we will be 
forced to repel such an attack. 

It is not pleasant for us thbt a fight with a morally low individual 

like the Rev. Krawczun^s will reflect against innocent priests. Vmen 

you chop a tree, the chips fly and nobody knows what place they will 

hit. The same thing will happen in our struggle with this priest, we 

will be forced to attack the other priesi^s, because they have not courage 

to caution or warn the v/rongdoing priest. The clerical newspapers ulways are 


the blameful action and trespasses of such a priest. 

Y/e have had an opportunity to coiivince ourselves in the struggle v/ith 
Rev. Krawczunas, when we demanded an explanation on v hy the priest v/ith 
Lithuanian money established a Polish school, ana the accounting of the 
parish money, which other clerical papers, with minor exception, kept 
quiet about. 

II B 2 d (1) 



Uetuva. Vol, V, No, 14, April 3, 189T 


The nenrly published newspaper Anerlkos Lletuwlfl (the Amerioan Lithuanian) 
states that I am the censor of that newspaper* Such a statement Is without my. 
knowledge and consent* ThereforCf I am notifying everybody that I do not Indul^ 
In any other actlvltlest except the churcht neither In politics nor In CLsy 

Rev* R*M* Erawczunas 



III B 2 
J 3 X Llatttva # Vol« II, No* 27, July 6t 1895 


For the last three years ne printed free all the announoenents and ad- 
▼ertiseiaente of all the ULthuanlan sooieties* I offered for one dollar a year 
subaorlption of Lletuva to soolety members • Some sooleties to ted that its 
members oug^t to subsorlbe to Lietuva but voold not enforoe it« 

We oannot ttork for nothing for the Lithuanicm sooieties in Chicago* Prom 
now on ive will oharge five cents per line for e^ery sooiety^s advertisement* 
We tried to help the Lithuanian sooieties t but we get no benefit from them ex« 
oept denunoiations# It will be best to pay us for every advertisement* 

We tried to eneouretge khe activities of the Lithuanian sooieties to en- 
lighten its members f but the sooiety members did not realise wbat good work 
the newspaper was doing for them; instead of paying one dollar yearly sub* 
soription of Lietuva they said that it was too much « better to spend the 
dollar in a saloon* 



II B 2 d (1) 


Lletuv a. Vol. 1, Mo. 23, June 17, 1893. 


w?^- o'j..:PHoj_mm 

Hereby we are announcin; to all brother LithuanJ&ns that this week 
there oame the following chenge in the office of Ljetuva : 

Mr# P. Zacharewiczle, who ovmed this print shop in partnership with 

Mr. S. L^laszius, by his a"m good will and consent, sold his share 

this week to Mr* S. Lelaszius, so that Mr. Zacharevdczia is not an; 
editor anymore. 

Now Mr. S. Leloszius sold the share of Mr. Zecherewiozia to Mr. A. 
Olszewski, who now ^vll] "be the editor of Lietuva and, together with 
Mr. Lelaszius, will publish Lietuva. 

Mr. Zacharewiozia wa 


hard anymore. .:i « .jTaunc i^»Tj±v;iix 
brothers, and they have separa 

old ^an and on accotint of his age cannot work 
wiczia end Mr. Lelaszius bought this paper, 
ted without any dispute or 

Mr. Zache rewiczia end Mr. Lelaszius ^ _ x . - 



II B 8 d (1) - 2 - LITHUANIAN 


Idetuva, Vol. I, No# 23, June 17, 1893. ^nc,^ /n ^ , nr>^,' ^no-re 

Now I, Antonas Olszewski, am invitins all brother Litliuanians to co- 
operate v/ith me and send money on any business on my name: A. Olszevfski, 
941 W. ^/inr/rd Street. 

Brother Lithuanians, from no7/ en we will print all kinds of books that 
we do not h' ve in the Lithuanian language, 7/e v/ill sell steamboat tickets 
and send money to all pe.rts of the world. 

Our newspaper will be edited in the Catholic spirit; it will attack 
everything that is bad and do the best for Lithuanians. 

Up to this time our paper was youn'^ and unable to accomplish much. Je 
ask you to help us to make this paper one of the greatest Lithuanian 
papers in America. 



Lietuva , Vol. I, llo. SO, Uay 27, 1893 



'Je are hereby announcing to all of our readers of Liatuva that the begin- 
nins of any business takes lots of money and effort* I issued seven numbers of 
this paper at my own expense, and I do not mean to stop publishin-;; it. I will 
go on v/ith tlie help of God* 

The subscription of Lie ^uva is only two dollars per year. I ask all readers 
to renew their subscriptions and do their best to ret new subscribers. 

• I am sorry to say th^t many Lithuunians do not even knavf the meaning of a 
newspaper. I, myself, asked many people to subscribe to the newspaper. The 
answer was that they don*t know what I meant by a newspaper. 

It is the duty of our readers to explain to our brothers in literary dark- 
ness what benefit they will ^et by readinj such a [^ood newspaper as Lietuva . 
Our aim is to make this newspaper Lietuva one of the greatest Lithuanian news- 
papers in America. And this is possible to accomplish by the help of our 
brother Lithuanians. 

Vfe are asking our readers to renew their subscription, and we v/ill go on 
as we did, with our publication of Lietuva. 


II B 2 d (1) 



Lietuva, Vol. I, No. 15, April 22, 1893 


Brothers, Lithuanians, readers of the newspaper Lietuva t 

• . • ' • 

We are notifying all of you thut the nev/s paper Lietuva was bought by P^ 
Zakarewiczius and S» ^--eliaszius and the paper will be published under its 
former name Lietuva ♦ 

The former editors -publishers wrote whu.t you Lithuanians must believe, 
wrote against priests, etc., so the good Lithuanian Catholics quit reading 
such paper. lYith such writings they brought misunderstanding among Lithuani 
ans because the editors did not care to v/rite about Lithuanians, and about 
the good duties of the church they did not care to write eiisher. 


941 ;7. 33rd St. 

- * 

II B 2 d (1) 

III c • 


Lietuva. Vol. I, No. 14, AprillS, 1893 


V,?A (111.) PROJ J0275 

(Publisher's Appeal) 


At the beginning this paper was very v/eak because the first publishers 
were unable to agree on the motives of this paper. The paper was on the verge 
of death. 

.. So we decided to resurrect this paper, to put the paper on a new basis. 
This paper will uphold the Catholic principles. V/e will break the horns of 
layman and of priest if they go v/rong. Ve will not be afraid to tell the 

If anybody will have big horns, we will break them and give canes in 
the place of horns, so that they can walk better. ' 

TTe are asking all of the Chicago Lithuanians to help us to go on with 
our nev/spaper. 

I B 4 

III C Lietuva, Vol, I, No. 13, March 4, 1893 WPA (JLL) PRQj ^qotc 

South Chiotigo, February 19, 1893 

Honorable Editor: 

Please mail your newspaper Lietuva to all enclosed addresses of my friends* 
Up "to this time I did not oare to read your paper because there was nothing 
to read# But when I noticed in number 11 of your paper an article exposing the 
long-skirted priest, all of us were glad that we have a paper that does not 
fear to tell the truth. Up to this time v/e had no paper that v/ould tell the 
truth about the priests. 

If you need financial help to publish your paper let us know. "Je v/ill gladly 
help you« 


We are asking you, will you keep on fighting the swindlers and priests .ViTill 
you not turn against us. If you will go on with your fight, you will do a greirt 
work, you will uplift Lithuanians not only in Chicago but in all America, and 
with such a paper you will help our mother country Lithuania. V/e are promising 
to you that we will git a few hundred new readers ;^or your paper. 

Yours truly, 

7/. Simanaviezia 




II B 2 d (1) 



A 3 


^ m. 

Lietuva t Vol. I, No# 8, Jan. 28, 1893 

By Editor 

From this date the nev/spaper Lletuva became mine. I, A. V# Zalauskas, 
bought this newspaper from I^r. Rokosz. The nev/spaper will be edited in the 
sajne spirit, except on one point, that we will berin to publish soientifio 
articles and we will not be afraid to tell the truthj there will be no 
exception as to the classes nor condition of man. As propagators of the 
pure science of Christ, we openly will uphold the truth and the downtrod^-en. 

Our newspaper Lietuva vdll become the mother of toilers, orphans and 
unfortunates, and it will be the whip against pharisaism and despotic ex- 


I, as a Lithuanian, by seeing our brothers vdio are moaning under the 
yoke of today's pharisaism and capitalism, decided to donate several thousand 
dollars for the good of my beloved mother country and for my brothers, in 
order to put one brick on the temple, that our pa riots with unspeakable 





Lietuva, Vol. If No, 8, Jan« 28, 1893 

:^ m. 



patience and courage are building* 

I understand that the only salvation of our nation is science; we are in 
the abyss of darkness 'iviaere the Lithuanians are sunk so deep* Therefore, T 
say, one must have a heart of stone to conceal his conscience, to renounce the 
science of Christ, to be a peddler of one's soul, to be a traitor to his 
nation for not helping our sinking brothers* 

Brothers, Lithuanians, you must understand your own condition, listen to 
the calling voice, the savior of our nation* Science is the only ;?eapon that 
will improve our living, enlighten and protect us from our exploiting enemies* 

Your servant. 


II B 2 

<i {'■ 

I C 

I A 3 


I J 

Lieluv". . Vol. 2t Ko, 1, Jan. '^t 1893 



Coujitrymenl For better uiiderst<\ndins of our nriional nud spirit lal enlighten- 
ment, I found out thnt Lithunnians ^^re o-.ger tv> know abor.t tlie American Itidians 
and their destroyers in ihis free land, T decided to write a short story about 
the Amerio:ui Indians • 

Many a time I asked our brothers, why they are not rendiiig newspapers • Ev.ry 
one onsverei, t^iere is nothing in tl\e p-\per about liistory* ITp to this time our 
newspapers, except Lit^tuva , did not give to its readers what they demand* In 
order to give mere light to our readers, I decided to translate Amerioai history. 

If ti\e readers ^rill like iny translated story, I will be satisfied. By rend- 
ing history tiie readers will get used to readisog the paper, will obtain en- 
lightenment and kno-rledge, t!\3n ti\ey will quit card playing and drinking* 

N. ?• Uartisgauokas 

II B 2 d (1) 
I A 3 


Lietuvu, Vol. Iltllo* 1, Jan. 7, 1893 



(Editor's -ppeal) 

Our newspaper is small, but contains in it lot of truth and justice, 
are not praisin^;;; ourselves, our readers themselves jre the judges of the 
newspaper, v/hat benefit they are ^;ettin£; from it. 

Our purpose is to spread lij^it among our illiterate brothers. V/e cannot 
find anything better for our brothefs than spreading education among them. 
Therefore brothers, while you are reading* our newspaper, ask your brothers 
to subscribe to our paper. '.7e believe that you vfill join us to help our 
brothers to get eduction. Old, young, educated and freethinkers will find 
that education is the source of knowledf^e. 

Our nev;spaper is v.s necessary as the sun's beams to crops. .7e can compare 
our ne\7spaper v^ith the rising sun, which ,ives light and energy to life; in 
the same way our nev^'spaper is awakenin^ our illiterate brothers from the sleep 
of darkness. 

II B 2 d (1) 

II A 2 


Lietuva . Vol, I, No. 3, 12-24, 1892 


f Lj 


December 27, at 7 o*olock Tuesday evening, a meeting will be held 
by stockholders in the office of Lietuva, 567 V/. 18th St. 

Y/e are inviting all Lithuanians who wish welfare to our nation, also 
bring along other Lithuanians, brothers who are willing to help us in 
this important cause* 


II B 2 d (1) 

II A 2 
I A 3 

Lletuva ^ Vol. If No. 2$ Dae. 17, 



Why we need Stocldiolders to Publish our Newspaper 


Our proposition is this: one mant even if he were the nost eduoatad, 
oannot aooon^lish as muoh as a group of people. 

If a newspaper is published by one man, it will not bring to us 
spiritual benefit, he will publish in the paper what is good for himself 
only, and very often he makes mistakes. Suppose he dislikes some one, 
then he will publish all kinds of insults about him, that would bring 
mi isunder standings and troubles t etc. 

When a newspaper is published by stooMiolderSf then there would 
be no place for private and personal polemics, because stockholders 
will look euid watch that the paper brought spiritual benefit, education, 
and brotherly unity among us. Such a newspaper would do more good for 
us, and for our mother country as well. 

The price of one share is only $10.00. v;e have sold 50 shares, 
there are 100 shares left. 

If any Lithuajuian wants to buy shares of Lietuva « come to office 
of Lietuva at 567 W. 18th St. 


II B 2 d (I) 


Lietuva. Vol. I* No. 1* Deo. 10* 1892 

To the Lithuanian Writers 

Respected Countrymens 

We see nhat oppression endure our oountrymen from strange national* 
IstSf we see the literary darkness of our brothers • especially In places 
where the Lithuanians are living* It would be a great benefit to Lithu- 
anians to ask them to subscribe to our weekly paper Lletuva » irtilch Is 
sponsoring the spiritual and educational Idea cunong Lithuanians* 

We are asking those who are active among our countrymen to help us 
by writing on Lithuanian activities In your colony* 

For the payment of your written contributions to our paper, we will 
mall to your our weeldy paper Lletuva free of charge* 

Respectfully yourst 


. .■ ■ 







B. Avocational and Intellectual 
2. Intellectual 
d. Publications 
(2) Periodicals 

••W'S ; 

/"" « 




^^^.■.■.^: .--::r^:^;-, -jte..A::^r J^^.. .;.:->k,- 1^^^... 

>ti' fc£^ _.■'>. 







II B 2 d (2) 


Lietttva . llov. 30, 1917. 



(Summary) ^ 

- r 

A new Lithuanian periodical entitled Atgimimas (Rebirth) has recent 1:^ appeared p: 

in Chicago. It is being published as ''the organ of the Lithuanian National C 

Catholic Church of .unerica". It contains a photograph of the bishop of the 'H 
Lithuanian National Catholic Church of America. 

II B 2 d (2) 
II A 2 

Lietuva, Jan. 12, 1917. 


i;i:v; lithua:!LU. psitiGDicAL ii: gkicagc 



A new Lithuanian periodical, Laine (Good Fortune), recently made its appearance 
in Chicago, It is published by A. LI, Latthev/s (Llatulaitis) , v/ho is an a^ent of 
the Kingman Zinc Mines. 

In an editorial in the first issue of Laime , it is stated that the periodical 
will be strictly a journal of cominerce. However, the vdiole issue from beginn- 
ing to end appears to be an advertisement of the mines which Mr. Matthev/s rep- 
resents. This periodical is similar to the periodical Prof^resas (Progress), 
which was published some tiiie ago in Philadelphia by the famous "Duke*^ Jocius. 

II ^^ z 

d (2) 

Lietuva, .^ept. 8, 1916 


A siiall monthly publication in the Sn^^lish 1 atyLt.r^e, entitled The Lithuanian 
Booster , is beinf: published in Kingston, Pennsylvania. • The editor is Thonas 

Vse have seen only Lhe fourtn nu::;ber o'? tne publication. Its value can best be 
judf-ed by its contents. It contains tht follov/in,", ra^itte^r: "Let Us'*, a poem by 
Thonas Sharis; "Lithuanian History at -; G-1? nco" {f-ivinr: in chronolOracsl order 
txhe Most iriportanl e^'--nts in history of Lithuania); '.n article, v,ithout 
a title, about the need for charity; "luollie^s Terrier", a humorous piece; "Lith- 
uania", a bec-aitiful poem about Lithuania, by Louise ^therton DicKey; "/ji iVppeal", 
another poem about present-day Lithuania, by ./ 3. Neuv;ells; and several 
more articles. 

The number contains a map or ancient anu modern Lithuania. The subscription 

II B 2 d (2) 



Lietuva, Sept. 8, 1916. 

price is fifty cents per year, five cents per copy. The address is The 
Lithuanian Booster ^ 27 Short Street, Kinj^ston, Pennsylvania. 

Judging from this number of the publication, it has a very capable editor 
and manager in the person of Ito. Thomas Shamis. V/e recommend that Lithuanian* 
Americans who understand the Ea^lish lan^oia^e subscribe to The Lithuanian 

Booster. ?/e are especially pleased with the poems, which indicate that Mr. 
Shamis and his co-v/orkers have plenty of poetical ability. 

/Translator's note; Mr. Thomas Shamis later became a resident of Ghica^o, and 
the publication of The Lithuanian Booster was transferred to OhicagOj^ 



II B 2 d (2) urmmiM 

Lietuva, July 28, 1916 • | 


In the latest issue of the Jaunoji Lietuva (Younc Lithuania) , a Lithuanian 
monthly published at 4611 South Paulina Street, Chicago, Illinois, there is 
an announcement by the publisher to the effect that he is compelled temporarily 
to discontinue the Jaunoji Lietuva # He states that he hopes to revive the 
monthly sometime in the near future • 

II B 2 d (2) 


Lietuva, Sept. 10, 1915. 


A number of predictions were made in cur press to the effect that the 
Pazvalga (The Review), which was established two months ago to replace the 
Laisvoji !!inti3 (Free Thought) , will not be continued. So far, only one 
number of the Pazvalga has appeared. 

We have conducted an incuiiy and learned from reliable sources that the 
above-mentioned predictions are time; the Pazvalga will not be continued. 
It appears that there is discord among the members of the Lithuanian Pub- 
lishing Company which was organized to issue the Pazvalga . 

Details about this matter were published in the July 16 issue of the tietuva. 

II B 2 d (2 ) LITHU/i^TIAIT 

I E 

Lietuva, J\ily 16, 1915, 


The first niimber of the new Lithuanian weekly Fazvalga (Review) has appeared. 
It is published by the newly organized Lithuanian Publishing Company, which 
also publishes the Jaunoji Lietuva (Young Lithuania) at 4611 South Paulina 
Street, Chicago, Illinois. The new company was created by a merger of the 
publishers of the Laisvoji Hint is (Free Thought) and the publishers of the 
Jaunoji Lietuva . The monthly Laisvoji Mintis has been discontinued and is 
being replaced by the weekly Pazvalga . However, the Pazvalga will be issued 
regularly as a weekly only from the latter part of the month of August. It 
will be issued in magazine form and will contain sixteen pages. The subscrip- 
tion price of the new publication has been set at three dollars per year. 

In the first number of the Pazvalga an outline of the aims, attitudes, and 
policies of the new publication and the bylaws of the Lithuanian Publishing 
Company are published. 

II B 2 d (2) - 2 - LITfflJANIAIT 

I E 

Lletuva , July 16, 1915. 

The new publication will strive to promote the following ideals: abolition of 
the "exploitation system"; public control of coiomerce and the means of produc- 
tion; a new world order that will guarantee equal rights to all nations and 
nationalities; freedom in the use of language, guarantees of equal rights, and 
proportional representation in the government and public institutions for all 
minority foreign-language groups in every country; arbitration commissions 
and international courts to settle disputes betv/een nations; the democratic 
order; abolition of capital punishiaent; prohibition of child labor; protective 
legislation for working rainors and women; a minimum wage and a standard eight- 
hour working day; equal pay for equal work to men, women, and minors; the 
right and freedom for workers to organize and strike; control of farm lands in 
accordance with industrial principles; a systematic suppression of the sale of 
intoxicating drinks; the municipalization and nationalization of public utili- 
ties; social insurance against disease, accidents, and unemployment. 

From the above-mentioned principles it is apparent that the Lithuanian Publish- 
ing Company and the Fazvalga will be closely allied with socialism 


I K 

Lietuva, I^y 14, 1915 • 



A suggestion to establish a Lithuanian women* s periodical has been made in our 
press* The suggestion is supported by the follov/ing points: There are sections 
that deal with the affairs of women in many of o\ir publications; women are equal 
to men; it is probable (but not certain) that women have as many interests as 
men; periodicals for the discussion of women's affairs are as much needed as 
those dealing with the interests of men; Lithuanian-American women do not have a 
periodical of their own. Therefore, one should be established* 

The above arguments, vwith the little loophole ^if ," form the basis of the pro- 
posal* However, the author kills his suggestion with further arguments* He 
asks himself the question: liVho conducts the sections for women's affairs in our 
press? He finds that these sections are conducted by male editors with the ai( 

II B 2 d (2) 

I K 

- 2 - 

Lietuva , May 14, 1915 


of a few vjomen^ In some publications the women* s sections are conducted entirely 
without the aid of women; these sections are often filled with articles v/ritten 
by men using feminine pen names, because of the scarcity of Lithuanian women 
writers • 

If women do not write for the women's sections in our press, then it is apparent 
that they are not interested in them« ^\iiother possible explanation is that our 
women are not sufficiently "mature" and "cultured" to understand their "feiainine" 
interests* Evidently they are not even aware of any "feminine interests" if it 
is necessary for men to substitute for women in order to create the impression 
that there is a Lithuanian feminine movement in the United States* 

Notwithstanding other arguraents, a conclusion against the proposal to establish 
a v/omen's periodical must be drawn from the fact that our women are not interest- 
ed in the women's sections of our publications* If our women are unable to con- 
duct, or to show an appreciable degree of interest in, the present women's 
sections of our publications, and if men are forced to substitute for women in 

II B 2 d (2) - 3 - LITHUi^^IAN 

I K 

Lietuva . Ivlay 14, 1915. 

order to supply reading natter for these sections, then how will our women 
able to conduct and maintain a periodical of their ovm? 

Furthermore, if there is really a need for a women* s periodical, in spite of 
the above arguments, then the proposal for such a periodical should at least 
originate among the women* The author of the present suggestion is not a woman, 
but a man* 

In the fifty-ninth number of the Laisvoji Mintis (Free Thought) the author of 
the proposal asks and answers the question: Can our v/omen support a periodical 
of their own? Ke gives an affirmative answer, stating that "if our men, who are 
only slightly more intellectually advanced than our women, can support and 
maintain as many as twenty-four publications in America, then why cannot our 
women issue and support one publication devoted to their own interests?** 

The author is slightly mistaken* Those twenty-four publications are supported 
not by men alone, but equally by men and women. Furthermore, our publications 

II B 2 d (2) 

I K 

- 4 - 

Lietuva, Liay 14, 1915 • 


are not specifically devoted to the affairs of men; they are devoted to the 
interests of all Lithuanians, men and women alike© We do not have even one 
publication devoted solely to the interests of men# Therefore, the fact that 
twenty-four Lithuanian publications are able to exist in America cannot be used 
as an argument that it would be possible for one women's periodical to exist • 

There is no foundation for the belief that a group of Lithuanian women with 
various political and religious convictions would be able "to discuss and 
promote the welfare of all Lithuanian-American women"* If men are unable to 
act impartially then how can we expect women of various political and religious 
convictions to act in harmony? Women are divided in their opinions in the same 
degree as men; this is evident among ^^merican v;omen of other nationalities* It 
is quite true that a woman likes a man of her own convictions far better than 
^he likesT^ a woman of .opposite convictions. 

II B 2 d (2) 



Lietuva , Anv. 9, 1915. 


A new Lithuanian periodical entitled Pazanpa (Proprress) appeared in Chicago 
this week. It is to be published once every month. 

An editorial appearing in the nev/ publication states that it will be a '^journal 
of literature, learnin/^, and politics, for the Lithuanian masses of America'*. 

Reverend F. Kemesis is the editor of the Pazanra , It is published by the 
L!ariavite Fathers, a Lithuanian loman Catholic religious order, vfhich also pub- 
lishes the Chicago weekly Draupas. 

The first number of the Pazanra consists of fort^r-ei^-^ht larpe padres. It con- 
tains a variety of features. The new periodical v/ill undoubtedly foster the 
ideals of the Lithuanian rirht wing faction (the Catholics), v/hich supports 
the weekly Draupras. 

-II B 2 d (2) 


LietuTO, Feb« 5, 1915. 

PL^^ TO ISSUiil 

21 ri' ■'.r .' ' T yrri 

X\lh .V ±J 

ITEU^ia.^.; PiilRIODIG^ 

We have been inforned that plans are being made to issue a nev; Lithuanian 
periodical. The narae of the nev; periodical is to be oauletekis (Sunrise). 
It will be non-partisan and will contain a variety of features, mostly about 
faming interests. It is rumored that if the plans materialize the period- 
ical v/ill be published either in the Stcite of L^ichigan or in the City of 



II B 2 d (2) 


Lietuva, Feb. 5, 1915. 


A new Lithuanian periodical, the laisu Drau^ija (Our Society), has just appet^red 
in Chicago. It is being issued by the Association of Chicago Lithuanian 
Societies. The editor is liup Frank: Butkus, v;ho is v.ell known as an^ outstanding 
leader of the ill-fated movement against "Lithuanian tar cooks" ^Translators 
note: This ter.i was applied to traitorous Lithuanians v^ho v^exe loyal to the 
Russian Tsaj^. The periodical is a monthly. It contaii]« news of current events, 
nevvs about Chicago Lithuanian societies, advertisements of mercnants, and some 
short feature articles. 

A neist issue of the Laisvoji I^Iintis (Free Thought] appeared this v.eek. It is 
the first number edited by the Chicagoan, Z. Vitkauskas. The new number has a 
large variety of interesting features. According to the "creed" of the new 
editor, the periodical will stand for the following principles: 

Nationalism is recognized as an important part of our cultural activities. The 

II B 2 d t2 ) - 2 - LITHUAI\IAN 


Lietuva . Feb. 5, 1915. 

Laisvoji rciintis v;ill chaiapion the cause of oppressed nationalities. It vdll 
uphold the de.aocratic form of government. The periodical will be concerned 
wi$h the affairs of the v.orking class. Religion is recognized as a private 
matter of an individual. Hov/evor, the periodical does not renounce the right 
to discuss religious questions. The Laisvoji Ivlintis v,lll avoid polemics; but, 
when it becomes necessary tj engage in polemics, personalities will not be 
attacked. The periodical will be concerned with the interests of public and 
parochial schools, farming, suffrage for vvomen, etc. 

From the current number of the Laisvoji Mintis it is evident th^it the new 
editor vdll not entirely adhere to the principles of Dr. J. Sliupas, the former 

The Laisvoji I^rlintis was formerly published in Scranton Pennsylvania. The new 
office of the periodical is now at 2627 Calumet x^venue, Chicago, Illinois* 

Il B 2 d (2) 


Lietuva , Jan. 8, 1915. 



The Ylenybe Lietuvninku (Unity of Lithuanians) reports that the Laisvoji 

Mint is (Free Thought )> "a monthly Lithuanian educational magazine, which is now 

being published in Scranton, Pa., will be moved to Chicago. 

It is stated that Dr. J. Sliupas, the editor and publisher, has sold the 
Laisvoji Mintis to Mr. Z. Vitkauskas, a Chicagoan. For that reason, the 
magazine will henceforth be published in Chicago. 

II B 2 d (2) LmUANIAK 

Lietuva, Sept. 25, 1914. 


Jaunoji Lietuva is the only sixty-four page, illustrated monthly Lithuanian 
periodical of its kind. 

The most educational articles and the best stories are published in it. 

The material is written in pure, beautiful, and understandable language. 
If you want to spend your time enjoyably and beneficially, read the Jaunoji 
Lietuva . 

The price for one year is three dollars; for a half-year, one dollar and 
fifty cents; individual copies are twenty-five cents. 

Subscribe immediately. 

II B 2 d (2) 

- 2 - 


_Lietuva, Sept. 25, 1914, 
Jaunojl Lietuva^ 4611 South Paulina Street, Chicago, Illinois. 

II B 2 d (2) 
I C 


Lietuva, July 17, 1914. 



Jurgis Spurgis 

II' n A " * 


A periodical, Pranasas (The Prophet), has made its apoearance in Chicago. I 
sav: a copy of it and, accoraing to my crazy thinking, I understand that it is 
one of those false prophets about v/hom the pastor sometimes speaks in his 
sermons. If it v:ere a true prophet, it could have prophesied its ovm quick 
demise and, therefore, would have done better not to have be^n born. 

II B 2 d (2 ) LITHUi^IiiN 

II .B 2 d (3) 

III B 2 Lietuva, June 19, 1914. 


{ Advert i s ement ) 


An illustrated, literary, educational, monthly periodical. 

The third number has already been published. 

The Jaunoji Lietuva is a nonpartisan and progressive publication. 

The foreiQOst poets, v;riters, scientists, and publicists are contributors, or 

have promised to become contributors, or have been invited to become contributors 

to the Jaunoji Lietuva . 

The Jauno.ii Lietuva is published by a company incorporated under the laws of the 
State of Illinois. 

All those v;ho vnill subscribe to the Jaunoji Lietuva for at least three years 

II B 2 d (2 ) 

II B 2 d (3) 

III B 2 



Lietuva, June 19, 1914, 

Twill receive, as a gift, six voluraes of the work of Vincas Kudirka, published 
by the Lovers of the Motherland Society. 

The Jaunoji Lietuva ^s price for one year is ^3.0J; for a half year, si^l.50; single 
copies at 25 cents. 

Send everything to the following address I Jaunoji Lietuva , 4611 So. PauliiB 
Street, Chicago, Illinois. 



II B 2 d ( 2) 

Lietuva , June 12, 1914» 




The Jaunoji Lietuva , v.'hieh \;as n^anaged forierly by a temporary editor, has 
finslly obtained a perin:uient editor. The editorship has been offered to J. 
Laukis, Vvho v.ill .nanage thf\t periodical beginning \\ith the fourth number. 
^Translator's note:~- Jauncji Lietuva published in Chicago^ 



II B 2 d (2) 

Lietuva, Apr. 24, 1914. 


{ j-Av ert i b ement ) 

Subscribe to the truthful, serious, nonpartisan, monthly periodical v.hich 
contains the most interesting articles concerning our life: V aidvla (The 
High i^riestj. The price for one year is only fifty cents. 

Those v.ho Vwould like to see it, send ten cents to Vaidvla. 810 V.. 19th Street, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

II B 2 d (2) LITHIL^HLU^ 


Lietuva , reb. 15, 1^14* 


The first number of the Veidr..dis (The Mirror), a monthly magazine 
:^evoted to theatrical and natters, nas been published. The 
periodical is published by a special comy.any, Veidrodis. 3. Varg5L.s, 
the author of several theatrical plays, signs himself as the editor. 
A yearns subscription is priced at Q:^.0o. The address: Veidrodis, 
1671 I.Iilv/aukee rivenue, Chica.jTO, IllinoiSt 

Ii_ B 2 d (2) LITHUAIJIiAlT 


17 Lietuva , Jan. 9, 1914. 


The first number of Jaunimo Sapnai (Dreams of Youth) has appeared. 
Jaunimo Sapnai is the organ of the Lithuanian Students* Alliance. It was 
formerly published as a part of the Laisvoji Llintis . At the last Students' 
Convention, held in Chicago, it was decided to issue it independently. ... . 
Jaunimo Sapnai is to be published every two months. The price is -'^1.00 a 
year. The address: S. Biezis, 2310 S. Leavitt Street, Chicago, Illinois... 
translator's note — Laisvoji Hint is was published in Scranton, "^^J 



II B 2 d (2) 

LII^ 'TJAinii^IT 

Lietuva, Dec. 1-:^, 1913 • 

.■3:J "^jlJIODIC. 

A nev: ^eriodicdl na^ied '/aidyla oei];un publiCciti jn in Chica-O laot v-ieek. 
Its first i-sue announced Liiat it vjill be a ^'f^eiierril, literary, a:.d oolit- 
ical'' mo.'iohly. It co.Msi::ts of oni:" four oa.^/es, /_containiiir articles such 
a^^Editor's v/ord'', by u cert-^in rater V'ardunas, criticizinj the rarring 
of ti.e Lithuar.ian lan.-ua'^e v;it^ Jlnylirh ;vords. It has ulso a ciscuGsion of 
tiie Biri;:te perfor;, and several o^ .er short articles hy the saiiie auchor, 
lihe "Let Us Seek iinlignte inent and Grandeur,*^ and "The Cld-TLTie Larks 
Have rienained". There are also sone "running nev;s", and 
These are all of the contents or /aidyla. 

a lev; jo-ies. 

It should b3 r3::arhed that even thou 'n tlie ^ra jnar of the Lithuanian language 
is larae it seems that t„is nev;ly-born periodical is very luch better than 
siiiilar orevious publications like :^e:''iaitys, 3a .o/ ^itian , /^dcarv Varoas, 

The hell of thv^ ,;est. etc. 

II B 2 d (2) 


Lietuva, Nov. 21, 1913 • v<: 

' 1. 1 ,r. 

^' y 

IGW LITHU.illLfUT MOiroOLY i" '.1', ,, 

V/e have heard that in the near future a new Lithuanian monthl:/ journal will 
be published in Chicago, The name is Vaidyla (The High Priest). The pub- 
lisher will be F. Rudgalvis, 810 West 19th Street. 


II B 2 d (2) 


Lietuva, J^eb. 23, 1912 • 

Liirrwriv zupj-lj^vb nc. i, F-:3Ru;iHY, 1912 

The first number of the new monthly magazine Liotuviu Zurnalas has made its 
appearance. P. M. Kaitis is the publisher. The introductory article, '*To 
the Reader', stresses why the nagazine is being published: 

"V/e devote our periodical not to the intelli^tentsia, but to the workers — 
that class of society which does not have the opport^^nity to enlip:hten itself 
by any other means than by nev:spapers and books. Cur readers will be moitly 
workers; t ^erefore, v/orkers' T)roble!ns, the workers* v;elfare v;ill alv/ays find 
a Dlace v/ith us." 



II B 2 d (2) LITHU.^IAIT 

Lietuva^. Jan. 5, 1912. 



A new monthly people's newspaper, with photographs and various articles from 
different branches of learning, will begin publication v/ith the New Year. 
It will be issued once a month. Publishers, P. M. Kaitis & Co. Price only 
50 cents a year. It will be the lowest priced and handiest people's news- 
paper which, instead of concerning itself with meaningless subjects, will give 
its readers as much spiritual uplift as it can. Hiirry to subscribe. Send the 
money to Lietuviu Zurnalas, 1607 N. Ashland Avenue, Chicago. 

II B 2 d (2) 


Lletuva , J\me 24, 1910. 

Beginning with its next number, the Laisvoji Mint is will be published in 
Chicago. It will be printed by the Lietuva Press, We aire not mistaken when 
we call this periodical the best Lithuanian monthly magazine of all those that 
we have because of the importance and sincerity of the articles contained in 
it. However, the Lithuanians should not forget that the publication of such 
a periodical is costly, therefore, its life and prosperity will depend not 
only on compliments but more on support* 

■ \ 

• /l^ ■■-■ ■ 

II B 2 d (2) 


Lietuva, Au,^. 15, 1909. 

The iilrelis (Eaglet), nonthly maf^AZine of satire, which is being published in 
Chicago by A. Simkus at 4543 S, Ashland Avenue, v;ill become a weekly in 

It is planned to convert the map-azine into a newspaper, and besides satirical 
and huT^iorous matter, it will publish all kinds of neiis and educational 
articles. The subscri motion Drice will be increased from the ^resent fifty 
cents to one dollar fifty cents per year. 

At pre^jent the satire and literary quality of the Erelis is sli-'ir'-itly vjorse 
than that of the Saule (The Sun), vjhich is published in I.Iahanoy City, Pa.^ 


II B 2 d (g) - 2 - LITraiil^TIAN 

Lietuva, Imp:. 13, 1909. 

but is sliphtly better than that of the Lietuviu Zinios (Lithuanian TTews), 
which is published in Chicae:o by Llr. Baronas. It does not soen probable 
that the contents of the publication v/ill be inproved. 

The circulation of the ^relis is probably the same as that of the Dilpeles 
(a prickly and irritatin.c:: w-ed), :vhich is beinp: iDublished in Pittsburgh, Pa., 
by Mr. Baltrusnitis^ 

Tlierefore, G-ic^ro v/ill h^ve four Lithu?^ninn r)erior!ic«^lp — three weeklies and one 


Lietuva, Aug* 6, 1909. 


The Dql^Is (Thistle), monthly magazine of humor and satire, several numbers 
of v/hich have been published in Boston, Mass., has changed ownership and, 
beginning with the next issue it will be published in Chicago, 111., at 
812 W. 33rd Street. The policy of the magazine will not be changed. Hov/- 
ever, the contents and technique of the magazine will be greatly improved. 
It will have a nev/ editor and manager. 

, 11 3 2 d (2 ) LITiroAIIIAIT 


Lietuva , Jan. 1, 1909. 


The Zmia (ITev/s) Society, a newly or.^anized Ghicar^o Lithuanian society, has 
completed plans for the publication of a nev; Lithuanian monthly^azine, 
entitled lusu ^ryvenimas (Our Life). 

The !'usu Gyvenimas v/ill contain the follov/in^ sections: (1) Lon^ scientific 
and educational articles; (2) short fiction stories; (3) biblior^raphy; (4) com- 
ments and criticism; (5) various miscellaneous articles; (5) questions of 
the day; (7) poetry; (8) all kinds of books, etc. 

In order to encoura.'^te and attract the best v/riters the Zinia Society v/ill 


II B 2 d (2) - 2 - LITIIUANIAII 


Lietuva , Jan. 1, 1909. 

make an effort to pay for all manuscripts that are accepted for publication 
in the Musu Gyvenimas . The publication vjill be independent, and shall not 
serve any party or organization. Controversial writings v;ill not be pub- 
lished. The periodical will be in the form of a booklet and will contain 
about forty-eight pages. 

Bruno Vargsas, famous Lithuanian author and playwright, has been invited to 
become the editor of the LIusu Q-yvenimas . LIr. Vargsas is the author of the 
follovxing theatrical plays: "Paskutine Banga" (The Last V/ave); "Antras 
Krikstas" (The Second Baptism); '^lilijonai Vandenyj" (Millions in v;ater) ; 
**Saliamono Sapnas'* (Solomon^s Dream); "Pirmi Zingsniai" (The First Steps); 
"Galilelio Galilejus" (Galileo of Galilee); and many short fiction stories and 



f ■•/ 

II B 2 d (2) - 3 - LITHUANIAN 


Lletuva , Jan. 1, 1909. 

All Lithuanians are asked to support this new publication; its success depends 
altogether upon the support of the Lithuanians of Chicago and the United 
States. The Muso Gyvenimas promises to play an important role in the 
educational and cultural uplift of oiir people. Therefore, it deserves the 
full support of every Lithuanian. Those who are in sympathy vilth our plan 
are asked to subscribe to the j^uso Gyvenimas immediately. The subscription 
rate is $1.50 per year; single numbers will be 15 cents. 

Address all communications in regards to the Musu Gyvenimas to the Zinia Society, 
2515 Kensington Avenue, Pullman Station, Chicago, Illinois. 


II 3 2 d (2 ) LIT:"L-JII^I 

Lietuva, IIov, 20, 1908. 

:c.; Li^iTiu:.:::::: pJHioDic;i jX'iio . j-i-j-j^... iij ciiia.Gc 

.^ ne;: Litl.uanian periodical entitled Jrelir. (The jJarlet) , has^ just 
ap-oeared in Ghicaro, The address of the ne;; •^niblication is 4619 
3o. --^shlana .ivonue, Chicago. It is supposed to be a marazine of 
hunor; hovrever, it contains ver:' little hurior. The craKUiiar, also, 
can be severely criticized*. 


II B 2 a (?) 

LISTir/A^ Vol. X7I, No* 32, ^^-?0-1907. 

vie have started to publish a nev7, scientific journal, will publish the most 
important materisl, such as Count L.!^\ Tolistoi's,- "My Reli.5"ion", and other 
roraantic .-^nd scientific articx-s. Such a .journal vre need very much. 
Publisher, M.O* Valaskas^ 

?UdU Kensington Avenue, 

Chica,^o, Illinois. 

II B 2 d (2 ) 



Lietirv-a, Vol* IX, lio. 20, May 17, 1901 

FROM TIIE LIT:lU.u.IAi^.* riF/»fS PAPERS (Editorial Review) 

In last week's issue, the Saule (The Sun, Mahanoy City, Pa») gives 
a sug-estion on hovr to stop the polemics anon^^; the Lithuanian news- 
papers. That nev'spaper suggests that the publishers and editors of 
the newspapers hold a convention* 

That the v<rrangle of our nevrspapers and their personal disputes have 
jio thing to do \vith the putl ic affairs, no one vdll deny* Eut would 
a convention of publishers and editors stop the v/rangle? To make an 
agreement is very easy, but to fulfill it is another matter* Among 
the American-Lithuanian nev;spapers there are many detestable contro- 
versies, and especially the Saule v/hich, its polemics, has left 
all other newspapers behind. The clerical newspapers say tliat the 
liberals are criticizing the clergy too much* Yes, v/e do* Eut the 
clericals are using the m.ost detestable polemics against the liberals* 
Take the clerical nev;spaper Zvaigzde (Star) for instance* You vdll 



Uetuva, Vol. IX, No. 20, May 17, 1901* 

find (in it) such dirty, detestable nicloiaines for their opponents that 
one v/onders ho-.v the spiritual leaders can use such low language for 
the expression of their ideas • If the liberal nev/spapers v/ould have 
followed the clerical press, it v/ould have been necessary to in^/ent 
new words in the dictionary of the Air.eri can-Lithuanian nev/spapers» 

Would a convention of publishers and editors be able to stop the clergy 
from denouncing the liberals in their nev,rspapers, pulpits and on lecture 
platfonris? V/hat remains for the denounced person to do but to answer 
with the sarae words the clergj'' uses? 

V/e must state tViat among our neavspaper men there is too much hypocrisy, 
r^ewspapermen use the worse slanders in order to harm their opponents ♦ 

Rev. Kaupas in last week* s issue of Tevyne (The Fatherland. Organ of 
the Lithuanian Alliance of Ar.erica) announced tc the Lithuanian public 
that he has found the cause of tite present disputes in the Lithuanian 





Lietuva ^ Vol, IX, i^o, 20, i\iay 17, 1901* 

Alliance. The cause is that the censure of the Lithuanian Alliance* s 
president makes it i.Tijjocsible even to breathe. The priest says that 
in order to stop such polenics the organ Tev^Tie should be issued 
monthly instead of v/eekly. Then, according to the priest, the wolf 
and the sheep could drink from the same spring. This is really a good 
invention; the priest ought to patent it. 

As Krilov says, there are in this world some people who can see only 
the small bugs, so they let the big bugs fly into their eyes. For the 
real cause of these polemics Rev. Kaupas must look to the other side, 
to his brother priests^ 


B. Avocational and Intellectual 
2. Intellectual 

d« Publications 
(3) Books 

if.X-[\ : \.^.^ 


■ ■•> v. ■' . 

aSiv-jJ'.'vs*! , , '' '■•■ ■- 

'At'- ■*^' ■ .■"* ;■■■ ■. 

^i; •y'- 

-^ • 

Tinil'iiify'^r '11 


II B 2 d( 3) 



Jaunimas t Dec. 10, 1936. 


p.2. .. ..Aldona was one of the most tragic figures of Lithuanian medieval 
history. As a young princess -aldona, zhe daughter of the Grand Duke 
Gediminas, was married off to the Polish king **Casimir the Great and Saint" 
surnarned "King of the Peasants." The union had presuiiiably a political 
purpose, but remained without any political consequences. 

Although Aldona was converted to the Christian faith and assumed the title, 
Queen of Poland, becoming known as Anna Aldona, she was never able to feel 
at home in Poland. To the last day of her life she clung to Lithuanian 
customs, lYiUsic, songs an^. sports. Always surrounding herself with beloved 
compatriots. She loved horse-back riding anvi hunting, but church ceremonies 
and the pomp of the court were distasteful to her. The Polish clergy doubted 
her Christianity, and, uoubting, they hated her. Tnere was probably no 

- 2 - 
II B 2 d (3) LiroUANIAN 



Jaunlaas, Dec. 10, 1936. 

Lithuanian prineesa who waa more Lithuanian minded, and idio adhered to 
Lithuanian ouatoma as much as Anna illdona. To add to the misery of her 
lot 9 the king prored to be a most licentious person. The king, besides 
enjoying the affections of his beautiful Jewish mistress, Ssterka, 
through lAiose influence many privileges were granted to the Jews, had 
many other affairs, one of which stands out above the rest, due to its 

Accompanied by beautiful Aldona, Casimir, on one of hia visits to his 
sister. Queen Elizabeth, of Hungary, seduced, with the aid of Elizabeth, 
an innocent maiden, Clara Von Zach, the daughter of a court official. 
The father, incensed at this treatment of Ms daughter, sought to avenge 
her and broke into the chamber wounding the king and Aldona. Von Zach 
waa alain and upon all members of his family, a terrible Judgment was 
paased. Clara the miaued girl, waa further mutilated and hounded to her 
death as a beaat. King Casimir the Great, in regard to vices, actually 
surnaaaed King Henry VIII of England, and caused suffering to other women 

- 3 - 



Jaunlams^ Dec. 10, 1936« 

«ho happened to oatch his fancy. Others who shared a similar fate, some even 
more unfortunate than that of lldona, were Margereth of Bavaria, Adelheid 
Von Hesse, Christina Roszan, and Hedwlg, Duchess of Sagan. 

Having to suffer a life with a man like Caslmer for a spouse, coupled with 
her great love and longing for her dear Lithuania, were the causes of 
Anna Aldona^s untimely death. 

At our present time, many Lithuanian girls are named Aldona, and everyone 
bearing that name should be proud. Our hearts, like hers, should be filled 
with that great love for Lithuanian love, song, the land itself and its 

ffe Lithuanians, must make every effort to publish the History of the 
Lithuanian nation in the Saglish language* 

The history of the Lithuanian nation in the English language is indispensible 
to the cultural progress of our children. It is our duty to acquaint our 
children nith our famous history and its glory. He must show to oTir children 


* * " LimUANIAN 

II B 2 df3) 


III H Jaunimas, Dec.lO,1936# 

the difference between Poles an- Lithuanians, we must show them that the 
Lithuanians are peace loving people, that the Poles are war-like people 
and tyrants. 

lie cannot forget the persecution of our people by the Poles, and our children 
should know these true historical facts. Our children should know that we 
do not desire any union with "oland and will not enter any such union as long 
as the nation exists. V/e do not want to be called Polacks, because we are 
not Polacks. V/e are not a Slavic race, we are mernbers of Inda European 
race - and two races cannot unite under no circumstances. 

We love our liberty and independence and we desire peace with the rest 
of the world. 


Vilnis, Feb. 5, 1926. 


The Lithuanian-^^cnerican ./orkers Literary Society has just issued 
another inportant book, "xhe title of this new book is Istorija 
Klasiu Kovos anerikoje (Histor:r of the Class Struggle in ^iinerica). 
Iv'any members of the society already have received their copies of 
the book. 

This book is very larr;e, with over 600 pages. The regular price 
of this book, when purchased at book stores, is )2 per copy. 
Hov/ever, in accordance v;ith the policy of the society, each member 



- 2 - 


Vilnis , Feb. 5, 19^6. 

is entitled to a free copy of the book. All meiTibers who pay 
their membership dues of 'd.SO ^er year, receive all the books 
that are published by the society. The society issues at least 
two important books on the subject of the v/orking class :::ove- 
ment every year. In this nanner the r.enbers receive i::portant 
educational books at a rreat discount. 

This society ir- engaged in the very important v/ork of fostering 
proletarian culture a:'::ong the Lithuanian workers in imerica. 
:ill readers of the Vilnis v;ho are not yet members of this im- 
portant society should join at once. 

TI B 2 d (3) 

I 5 


VilnlSt Vol* VT, Jan. 6, 1925, 

LENIN'S ^^mriNGS IN lithua:jian language 


Benefit from a good opportunity. He who is late will be sorry. He who 
does not read Lenin's writings cannot be a good communist. Lenin's 
writings must be found in all workers organizations and libraries, also 
in the house of every workingman. 

Comrades, donate all you can to the Lenin Literary Fund. Tbe Lithuanian 
Workers Printing Society is pu> lishing in the Lithuanian language Lenin's 
selected writings. It intends to publish ten books. These vrritings of 
Lenin are being translated into the Lithuanian language. 

II B 2 d (3) LPgnJANIAN 


Lletuva . July 5, 1918. 


Wallace Nelson, The Trial of Christ and Its Legality , (Chicago: 1918). Trans- 
lated by Attorney F. P. Bradchulis. Thirty pages. Price fifty cents. 

In this booklet the trial of Christ Is examined from a purely legal viewpoint. 
The question of whether the sentence Imposed on Christ was technically correct 
according to the laws of that time is answered here. In other words, this book 
reveals whether the sentence istposed on Christ was just in view of the laws of 
the time, in view of the procedure demanded by the laws cmd, finally, in view 
of the charges against Christ and the testimony at the trial. 

In order to answer such a question it is necessary to acquaint oneself with the 
Jewish and Roman laws and trial procedure of the time; it is necessary to study 
critically the circimistances of the trial cmd the testimony. 

All of this is given in brief in this booklet. The book is especially interest-* 

n B 2 d (5) - 2 - LITHU.JILJT ' "^ 


Lietuva, July 5, 1918 • 

ing to lav/yers and others v^o are acquainted vith lav/. It v/ill be interestinc 
to other people also, even though much concentration and attention is necessary 
in reading the book. 

The book is of good paper stock. The price, conpared to the size of the book, 
is rather high* 

II 3 2 d (5) LITEIUiaaAIT 

III 3 2 

III E Lietuva, June 14, 1918. 

D0N.^TI01^^i TO C0\^^ IiXPI^lI^^ ^^S OF i^UELrOHIlIG L. SERI^iS^ 7/0RK3 

The Youn-3 Lithuanians Club, which v/as recently created by the union of the 
former Regal Club and the Youn,!^ Lithuanians of /iinerica Social Club, voted 
at its last ineetinG to donate tVventy-f ive dollars from its treasury to the 
fund v/hich is being raised by the Lovers of the Fatherland society for the 
publicLttion of L, Sernas* vjritten v/orks. 

It is said that the other Lithuanian societies of Chicago, also, are planning 
to donate to this ;jorthy cause. 


2 d 


II B 1 e 

II D 1 

III B 2 


Lietuva, Mar. 8, 1918. 


The Ghlc€igo Lithuanian societies are stepping forvirardi as usual, to support a 
worthy cause* Uany societies have already donated moneyi and more societies 
are coming forth with donations each month, to cover the costs of publishing 
L« Semas^ written works, jiiach of the societies is donating twenty-five 
dollars • 

On February 3 the Sacred Heart of Jesus Society donated twenty-five dollars 
from its treasury. A letter from the supreme secretary of the Lovers of the 
Fatherland Society, regarding this matter, was read at the Society* s meeting 
aind the members readily agreed to the donation. 

On February 23 another orgcuaization, the St. Matthew the Apoitle Society, /^ .\ 

• o .-^ J 

which always supports Lithuanian causes, did the same thing, donated 
twenty-five dollars. 

In February the St. Joseph Society also discussed briefly the question of a 


II B 2 d (3) - 2 - LTmjmiM^ 

II B 1 e 

II D 1 Lietuva , 8, 1918. 

III 3 2 

donation, ^lot v/ishi::G to lag behind the other societies, it 
donated tv;enty-xive dollars to the publication fund. 

A great iriany Lithuanian patriots belonc^ to these societies, 'ihey are in- 
terested in worthy deeds, no matter v/ho is doin^^^ then. If they see that 
a certain project will benefit the i^ithaanians, they support it sincerely, 
as much as they can. 

II B 2 d (3) 
II B 1 e 
II D 1 



Lietura, Mar. 1, 1918. 

At its ffleeting on Fisbruary 3, the Simanas Daxikantas Society decided to 
support the proposal to publish L. Semas* written works* Twenty-five 
dollars was donated frcsn the Society's treasury for this purpose. 

II B 2 d (3) LiaHUAOTAN 

II D 1 

IV Lietuva, Mar. 1, 1918. 


At its meeting on February 10 the Lovers of tiie Truth Society decided to 
support the proposal to publish L. oernas* written works. Twenty- five 
dollars was donated fro'i the Society treasury for this purpose. 

II B 2 d (3) 
II B 1 d 


Lietuva , Nov* 30, 1917. 




The long-awaited nav publication of the Lovers of the Fatherland Society, 
Kulturos Istorija (History of Culture), has appeared in a three-volume edition, ci 
The volumes contain more than five hundred pages tind are profusely illustrated, r; 

Readers of this v/ork may Judge its worth for themselves, but it may be said 
here that Lithuanians will read The History of Culture with greater interest 
than they have read any kind of fiction. 

The author of the book is J* A. Chmieliauskas , formerly a member of the edi- 
torial staff of the Lietuva > livery member of the Lovers of the i?'atherland 
Societj'' will receive all volumes of the book free of charge, ••• 

Before the end of the year members of the Society will receive another 

II B 2 d (3) - 2 - LITHUAia.\N 

II B 1 d 

Lletuva, Nov. 30, 1917. 

important book entitled Ten Years of National and Cultural Activities in 
Lithuania . The Society is also preparing for the press several other inter- 
esting works, including a historical novel dealing with the history of Lithu- 
ania and written by M. Salcius, prominent Lithuanian author, and the literary 
works of J. Semas Joseph Adomaitij^. 

It is apparent, therefore, that the present officers of the Society are the 
most active and productive that the Society has ever had in its long history. 



II B 2 d (5) LrniUMIAIv] 

II B 1 d 

Lietuva, Aug, 25, 1916. 


The Lovers of the Fatherland Society has issued another book, Technikos Stehukai 
(The Miracles of Technical Science), It has just been published and all 
members of the Society will now receive this beautiful and interesting book 
free of charge. The book contains 150 pages and is profusely illustrated. 


II B 1 e 

IV Naujienos > Feb. 19, 1916. 


£• Jurgelionis, Gludl-Liudl (Chicago: Naujienos Publishing Company, 1916). 

Lovers of literature will be pleased to obtain this volume of lyric poems. It 
contains poems written at various times and in various foims* Because the 
evaluation of poetry is a subjective matter (and because, on the other hand, it 
is not appropriate for one to praise or condemn one's own wares), we leave it ^2: 
to the readers of the volume to be their own judges. They should obtain it as r; 
soon as possible • ^ 


Here we can call attention only to the author's preface to his poems in which, co 

vAiile supposedly criticizing his poems, he makes several original observations § 

on the foims and motifs in i)oetry* We therefore quote a part of the preface ^ 

'•For purposes of critical evaluation of the poetry, •• says the author, speaking 

II B 2 d (3) - 2 - LITFIUAIILIM 

II B 1 e 

IV IJau.1ieno3 . Feb. 19, 1916. 

of his ovm poems, "it should be said that they are indirect criticisms of this 
and that in Lithuanian prose. Some of the later 2poems7 are direct criticisms 
of earlier ones. That is part of the reason for the variety of forms and motifs 
_^ontained in this volumeT. 

*^ew motifs v/ere sought consciously and unconsciously, and new motifs were forced 
to give birth to new forms, and nev/ forms to nev/ mot if s. You could say the 

process acted against the older forms and motifs, though it did not threaten to '^^ 

reject the one or the other. The older forms had to endure and become more per- rj 

feet v/hen applied to the new motifs. The same had to happen to the old motifs -o 

in new forms. For all forms are good if they achieve the desired result com- o 

pletely — the direct and effective expression of the beauty felt by the poet. U^ 

The poet^must be a complete and mighty master of form, but one cannot be a poet § 

when he places himself under the yoke of a limited form. ^ 

'Torm is a basic condition of art, but it must be born together with motif. A 
motif ceases being a motif when it cannot find its form, and a motif and a form 



II B 2 d (3) - 3 - LIPniAITIAN 

II B 1 e 

IV Naujlenos , Feb. 19, 1916. 

vrtiich have no connection cannot be the loaterial to create art. There are 
countless motifs and there can be as many forms. Their source can be found 
in the harmonized vibrations of the poet's soul (interpret this picturesque ex- 
pression as you will), and only the vibrations of the poet's soul can give birth 
freely to the motif and form of poetry. The criterion of poetry, then, remains 
the degree of perfection in the harmony between form and motif~the fru'Jt of 
deeper meditation (or talent). 

''Our older poets had only a limited number of motifs which they strove to ex- U 
press in an even more limited number of forms, rarely achieving perfection in ^ 
them. Almost all their forms were borrowed,* and their motifs most often were £ 
imitations of the motifs of the poets of other nations. Even their knowledge ^ 
of the language and their aptitude in its use created no small obstacles to C3 
their efforts. Therein lies the reason for their monotony and the 'manufactured 
effect* in their verses; therein lies the reason for their bombast and doubts 
regarding the poetic value of their poems. 

"However, nothing remains in one place forever.^ And the poetry of the 


II B 2 d (3) - 4 - UmOANIAN 

II B 1 e 

IV Naujienos , Feb. 19, 1916. 

Lithuanians is no exception. Doubts about the older poets, discontent with 
them, and the examination of their faults had to lead somewhere out of the 
stagnation which had come to exist* Though it was not clear and is today not 
clear to many toward which new harbors we should sail, more than one of us 
younger poets have begun and are beginning *to seek new paths* in a degree 
dependent on how greatly we are influenced by the older poets. Itore and more, j 
new motifs liiich flow more freely from their souls are being found by the J^ 
younger poets, though they have not yet found suitable forms. We can expect, p 
however, that having begun to seek out new pathways, the poets will find a good ^ 

one, and forms and motifs will unite spontaneously.^ 3 



Our poets rarely attempted to write prefaces to their poems, although this was ^ 
practiced elsewhere (especially long ago). In our time, the English writer, '^ 
B. Shaw, has distinguished himself with the prefaces to his plays. Only one 
interesting preface, it seems, has appeared in Lithuanian literature to date. 
That is Reverend K. Alekna^s preface to his work. Stories^ Adaptations > and 
Weddings, with Songs^ The preface was written in Polish, although the book was 
in Lithuanian. 



II A 3 d (1) 

III B 2 Lietuva , Jan. 21, 1916. 
I E 

IV la. Vi\RasAS» litsrahy //orxs 

The dranatic circle /of the Lithuanian Socialist League/" has decided to 
publish some of the theatrical works of "Vargsas'' (Brunius Laucevicius) , who, 
at present, is very ill. His latest play is ''The Gross". The story of this 
play is laid in the present European war situation. This theatrical work 
will be published by subscription; the price of this book will be fifty cents 
For this reason this society has published an appeal, asking people to sub- 
scribe to this book. But one of their bad features is that they are inciting 
class warfare, "proletariat against intelligent sia*\ There are peculiar 
people among us, who cannot be without "class war," but by their fanaticism 
they obstruct their v/ork for this good cause. 

li/lail subscriptions for the above-stated literary work to Ivlr. P. Cereska, 
1840 3o. Halsted Street; money orders should be in the name of 7. Paskauskas. 
Mr. B. Vargsas, we have learned, has had three operations, and his health is 
not improving. Therefore, help for him is very essential. -. ^^^ 


II B 2 d (5) 



Lietuva, Sept* 10, 1915 


The following books in the Lithuanian language were recently published 
in Chicago, Illinois. 

Dr. T* Zell, Gyvuliiu Protas (Brain of Animals) (Chicago: Katalikas /The 
Catholic/) • Tnis book was translated into the Lithuanian language by 
Joseph Laukis. It contains two hxindred and twelve pages* 

Reverend M* Gustaitis, Meile (Love) (Chicago: Katalikas ) . This is a 
twenty-four-page poem, priced at fifteen cents. 

II B 1 d 

Lletuva , Nov. 26, 1915 • 


Mlkas Pakrasenls 

Another great book, Sirdls (Die Heart) by de Amicis, has been published by 
the Lovers of the Fatherland Society. Members have been impatiently waiting 
for this book a long time. This is the first time the Society has issued a 
great and important book since the publication of the ?rorks of Vincas Kudirka 
several years €igo* 

Members of the Society are receiving copies of the new book with great interest 
and enthusiasm. This book is also very popular among many other nationalities* 
In some languages it ¥fas published in several editions. These facts alone 
reveal the great value and importance of the book. It is only regrettable 
that our people did not have an opportunity to get acquainted with this book 
years ago. Now that it has been finally published in the Luthuanian language 
it will undoubtedly greatly enrich Lithuanian literature. 

II B 2 d (3) - 2 - LimaANIAN 

II B 1 d 

Lletuva , Nov. 26, 1915* 

One very import€uit feature of Slrdls is that it will be read with equal 
interest by the young and the old, by the uneducated as well as the educated 
person. • • • .The book contains innumerable passages of deep, pure, and lofty 
pathos. It is capable of arousing man^s most dormant emotions, and it 
reveals to us the most lofty and most important qualities of the heart of 
man. ^he book is a great fountain of learning to its readers; and everyone 
who reads it will unquestionably learn more than one lesson, even imknowlngly. 
The many lessons this great book is capable of teaching are of especially 
great importance to Lithuanians. We can hardly find anywhere else so much 
humanitarianism and great respect for one^s fellow man as are shown in this 
book. And we Lithuanians are greatly in need of such qualities of character* 

It is the great hope of the writer that this book will be read not only by 
the members of the Lovers of the Fatherland Society but also by all other 
Lithuanians of the world; emd it would be an excellent idea if those irtio can- 
not read will ask others to read the book to them. If any book really deserves 
these fulsome compliments, that book is Sirdis. ^ 

II B 2 d (5) - 3 - UTHPANIittJ 

II B 1 d 

Lletuva , Nov. 26, 1915# 

The book has a very beautiful and attractive appearance* It is printed on 
very good paper, in attractive type, and contains about two hundred interest- 
ing illustrations. The writer has noted only one typographical error in the 
book— one line on page thirty- two is printed upside down. 

The book was translated into the Lithuanian language by Ur« M* Griginis* 73ie 
translator sununarized some parts of the original book; in other parts the 
translator was forced to enqploy his own ideas in order to loake the book more 
suitable to the Lithuanian people* However, on the whole, the translator 
adhered to the original very faithfully* 

This book, copies of which are distributed free of charge to all members of 
the Lovers of the Fatherland Society, is indeed a very good Christmas gift* 
It also would be a very suitable Christmas gift for all other Lithuanians— 
nonmembers of the Society* Copies of the book are now available at the home 
of l£r* Damijonaitis, Chicago, Illinois, who is the chief librarian of the 
Society* Dr* A*J* Zimontas is the supreme president of the Society* 


II B 1 d 

Lletuva> Aug. 20, 1915 • 

NSW lhhu^ian books 

The following new books in the Lithuanian language were recently published 
in Chicago, Illinois: 

R« Earuza, Taut a, Jos Ssybe Ir Uzdaviniai (The Essence and Duties of a 

Nationality) (Chicago: Jaunoji Lietuva /Yoxmg Lithuania/^). This book 
contains thirty-one pages and is priced at twenty cents • 

A» Strazdo Rastai (Literary Works of A» Strazdas) is the twenty-ninth 
publication of the Lovers of the Fatherland Society* It contains seventy- 
seven pages including a biography and picture of the author* This publi- 
cation was prepared for the press by J* Gabrys* 

II B 2 d (3) LITIIL.vI:i;i2^ 


Lietuva, July 9, 1915 • 

"L^CBETli'' i'R.a.bLA':::::D li/iXJ LI